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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania biography : illustrated"







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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 




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Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 

BIOGRAPHY 



BY 

JOHN W. JORDAN, LL.D. 

Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Author of "Colonial Families 

of Philadelphia;" "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and various other works. 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME III 



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£nl9 

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NEW YORK 

LEWIS fflSTORICAL PUBLISfflNG COMPANY 

1914 






BIOGRAPHICAL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



FRITZ, John, 

Mechanical and Metallurgical Engineer. 

(By Rossiter W. Raymond, New York, N. Y., and 
Henry Sturgis Drinker, South Bethlehem, Pa.) 

John Fritz, one of the most distinguished 
mechanical and metallurgical engineers, was 
born August 21, 1822, in Londonderry, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania. His father, 
George Fritz, a native of Hesse Cassel, was 
brought to this country by his parents in 
1802, with three brothers and a sister, to 
whom were subsequently added three 
daughters born in America. The family 
settled in Pennsylvania. George Fritz mar- 
ried the native-born daughter of a Scotch 
Irish Presbyterian immigrant of 1787, and 
they had four girls and three boys, of 
whom John was the first. He was named 
after his grandfather, the foreign form, 
Johannes Fritzius, being Americanized into 
John Fritz. Thus he was descended from 
stanch and sturdy stock on both sides. His 
ancestors came here when faith in the new 
Republic and the future development of its 
domain under free institutions, brought to 
its shores the bravest and most enterprising 
of pioneers. It was the era of dauntless, 
independent individualism, and it produced 
among us a generation of strong men, whose 
personal gifts and ambitions could be de- 
veloped freely in the stimulating atmosphere 
of liberty and opportunity. 

The "Autobiography of John Fritz," pub- 
lished in 191 1, bears unconscious testimony 
to the efTect of this environment upon in- 
nate genius. His father, a millwright and 
mechanic, could not be content with farm- 
ing, but repeatedly followed the call of the 
trade which he loved better; and the sons, 
inheriting his talent and his predilection. 



after dutifully following the plough in their 
youth, abandoned it for mechanical engi- 
neering, in which, educating themselves 
without the aid of technical schooling, they 
all achieved high position. Another in- 
fluence, not to be overlooked, was that of 
the large family, with its necessary de- 
velopment of mutual affection and happi- 
ness. It was a sad thing for John Fritz, 
brought up in such an atmosphere, that to 
him and his beloved wife, during their 
long life together, only one child was given 
■ — a daugliter, who died at the age of seven ; 
but it may be fairly imagined that this ex- 
perience had something to do with the 
fatherly and brotherly affection which he 
lavished upon the sons of others. If he had 
had, like his father, many children of his 
own, perhaps there would not now be so 
many to call him gratefully "Uncle John 
Fritz !" It should be added that both his 
ancestry and his early life endowed him 
with splendid health and strength. Finally, 
we cannot omit to mention (what John Fritz 
was wont, on all occasions, to emphasize) 
the moral influence of his God-fearing 
father and mother upon his whole life. 
Under that influence, added to all the rest, 
he became the strong, gently, simple- 
hearted, high-souled man we knew and 
loved, combining with his own inborn genius 
the warm Irish heart, the steady German 
head, and the American courage and elastic- 
ity of endeavor. 

Like other American boys, he had the 
benefit of some schooling; but his own epi- 
grammatic summary, "Five days in the 
week, for three months in the year, is too 
short a time for the study of Bennett's 
Arithmetic," tells the whole story. In 1838, 
at the age of sixteen, he became an ap- 



713 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



prentice in the trades of blacksmith and 
machinist — the latter comprising repairs of 
agricultural and manufacturing machinery, 
including the simple blast-furnaces of that 
day. At the end of his apprenticeship he 
returned to work for a time on the paternal 
farm, with his mind made up to engage 
somehow in the manufacture of iron, with 
special relation to its use on railroads. This 
early decision was illustriously justified by 
his subsequent career. 

It was not until 1844 that he succeeded in 
making an entrance upon this career, by 
getting employment in a rolling-mill at Nor- 
ristown, Pennsylvania, then in process of 
erection. He was put in charge of all the 
machinery, and soon discovered many weak 
spots in design and construction which he 
afterwards remedied either by his own in- 
ventions or by those which he adopted and 
introduced. Among these were the two- 
high rolls and their cog-gearing, which he 
determined to abolish, if he ever got a 
chance. Meanwhile he seized the oppor- 
tunity to master thoroughly the thing near- 
est to him, outside of his immediate task. 
This happened to be the puddling-furnace. 
John Fritz worked through a long day at his 
job as superintendent and repairer of 
machinery, and then spent the evening in the 
exhausting work of a common puddler, 
studying, while he rabbled or drew the glow- 
ing charge, the apparatus and the process. 
Months of such toil and thought made him 
at last not only a master-puddler, but also 
an expert, qualified to improve the old con- 
struction and practice. This accomplish- 
ment, however, he merely stored for the 
time when he should be able to use it, and 
meanwhile, turned his attention to the 
heating, rolling, and finishing departments 
of the mill, with each of which, by the same 
method of actual practice at night, he ac- 
quired a similarly thorough familiarity. 

Having learned what was to be learned 
in that particular business, he accepted in 
1849, with the sympathetic approval of 
Moore & Hooven, his employers at Norris- 



town, a position in a new rail-mill and blast- 
furnace at Safe Harbor, Pennsylvania, by 
Reeves, Abbott & Co. The salary was 
smaller ($650 a year, instead of $1,000!); 
but he wanted to learn all about blast-furn- 
ace practice and the manufacture of rails. 
His strenuous and successful work at Safe 
Harbor was cut short after a few months 
by an attack of fever and ague. During this 
interval, he made a trip to Lake Superior, 
and saw the great Cleveland and Jackson 
iron-ore deposits in the Marquette district. 
After his return, he tried in vain to interest 
Pennsylvania capitalists in Lake Superior 
iron-mines, as a source of supply even for 
Pennsylvania. He was told that he might 
as well dream of bringing Iron-ore from 
Kamschatka as from Marquette — to which 
he replied that, within ten years (this was 
in 1852), iron-ore from Lake Superior 
would be sold in Philadelphia. One-half 
the Jackson mine could have been bought 
then for $25,000! 

But if his friends and former employers 
could not trust him as a prophet, they ap- 
preciated him as a mechanical engineer ; 
and he was engaged in 1852 to superintend 
the rebuilding of the Kunzie-blast-furnace, 
on the Schuylkill, about twelve miles from 
Philadelphia. This involved the new 
method of manufacturing pig-iron with an- 
thracite, instead of charcoal or coke, as fuel 
— a scheme which had just been proved 
practicable by David Thomas and William 
Firmstone in the Lehigh Valley. Mr. Fritz, 
though not the designer of the new furnace, 
was called upon to remedy defects in the 
original design, and managed to the satis- 
faction of the proprietors, and without 
losing the friendship of the engineer whose 
opinion he had contradicted. After the 
furnace had been put in blast, his desire to 
learn all about operation as well as con- 
struction, led him to pursue his old habit 
of prowling about at odd times, day and 
night ; and in this way he discovered one 
of the most important principles of modern 
blast- furnace practice, namely, that of the 



714 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"closed front," replacing the old fore-hearth 
and those frequent interruptions of the blast 
for cleaning out the crucible, known as 
"working" the furnace — a revolutionary 
change of practice. The principle was 
afterwards embodied and made more effec- 
tive by the water-cooled cinder-notch 
patented by Liirmann. But, while Mr. Fritz 
cannot be said to have anticipated that in- 
vention, he was apparently the first, in this 
country at least, to recognize the importance 
of that purpose, and to carry it out in 
another way. When Liirmann's agent was 
trying to introduce his improvement in this 
country, the favorable opinion of John 
Fritz was one of the strongest arguments at 
his command. 

In 1853, having got the Kunzie furnace 
machinery into good running order, Mr. 
Fritz joined with his brother George and 
others in building at Catasauqua a foundry 
and machine-shop to supply blast-furnaces 
and rolling-mills. In the following year he 
was invited, through David Reeves, to go to 
the Cambria Iron Works, Johnstown, Penn- 
sylvania, as general superintendent. This 
was the turning-point of his career. His 
preparation for it had occupied sixteen 
years, during which he had mastered every 
part of the manufacture of iron into com- 
mercial forms, while he had also learned the 
higher art of commanding the enthusiastic 
loyalty of workmen, and the highest art 
of all. perhaps — that of securing the 
confidence of employers. All these 
patiently acquired qualifications were de- 
manded and tested in his new position, 
and the lack of any one of them would 
have been probably fatal to his success. 
The Cambria Iron Company was in a bad 
way administratively, financially, mechani- 
cally, and metallurgically, although, to his 
hopeful vision, "Cambria was destined to 
be the greatest rail-plant in the world." He 
met successively the problems of technical 
authority and responsibility, temporary re- 
pair and reform of an old plant, improve- 
ment in quality of product, and the procure- 



ment of means for new and needed con- 
struction. When these problems had been 
so far solved that the mill was running well, 
and making some money, the property was 
attached under judgments upon former 
claims. Fritz persuaded all parties to allow 
the work to go on, and he was the only man 
upon whom all parties could agree as an 
agent to protect the rights of all. Under his 
management operations went on under the 
shadow of impending bankruptcy, until a 
reorganization with adequate capital was de- 
cided upon. This was not easily eflfected, 
under the circumstances, and confidence in 
the technical ability, good judgment, integ- 
rity, and loyalty of John Fritz, on the part 
of capitalists who knew him and his record, 
was the influence which turned the scale in 
favor of the enterprise. The capital Wcis 
subscribed, and operations were resumed. 
He determined to put into the works a 
three-high roll-train, in accordance with his 
prophetic vision of earlier years ; and this 
plan was opposed by many of the stock- 
holders, who were supported in their posi- 
tion by the opinions of leading iron-masters 
in all parts of the country, and the declara- 
tions of the laboring "heaters" and "rollers," 
and it was by sheer force of personal 
character that he secured authority for the 
execution of his plan. Against the denun- 
ciation of critics and the warning of friends, 
he introduced the three-high rolls into the 
Cambria Company's mill, laying thereby the 
foundation not only of unexampled pros- 
perity for that establishment, but also of 
an improvement which was rapidly adopted 
throughout this country and the world, and 
has been justly called the last great step of 
progress in iron-manufacture preceding the 
Bessemer process. 

But this triumph was followed by further 
trials. The day after the success of the 
three-high rolls had been demonstrated in 
the Cambria mill, the mill itself was de- 
stroyed by fire. Fortunately, the demon- 
stration had been conclusive, so that, if the 
fire was the work of an enemy, it came too 



715 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



late to defeat the new invention. Fritz was 
equal to the emergency. Inside of thirty 
days he had the mill running again, though 
without a roof to cover it ; and it was one of 
the proudest recollections of his after-life 
that he subsequently erected a building i,- 
ooo feet long by lOO feet wide, with trussed 
and slated roof — the finest rolling-mill 
building, at that time, in the United States 
— without interrupting the running of the 
mill which it covered, and without injury to 
a single person. In the progressive recon- 
struction of the Cambria works, Fritz in- 
troduced many improvements which he had 
conceived in previous years — improvements 
in puddling-furnaces, gearing, boilers, etc. 
One of his most characteristic and radical 
measures was the abandonment, in connec- 
tion with the roll-trains, of light coupling- 
boxes and spindles, and a special "breaking- 
box," holding the rolls in place — all of 
which were intended to break under special 
strain, so as to save the rolls from fracture. 
The structures and machines designed by 
him have been occasionally criticized, as 
unnecessarily costly at the outset ; but none 
of them ever failed in service. His trusses 
are still standing ; his engines are still run- 
ning ; and perhaps his abundant '"margins of 
safety" have proved to be worth more than 
they cost. 

After six years with the Cambria Iron 
Company, Mr. Fritz accepted in July, i860, 
the position of general superintendent and 
chief engineer of the Bethlehem Iron Com- 
pany. The works of this company, de- 
signed and erected by Mr. Fritz, were so far 
completed by September, 1863, as to begin 
the rolling of rails made from the product 
of its own blast and puddling furnaces. 
The first of his improvements was the in- 
troduction of high-pressure blast in the iron 
blast-furnace. The iron-masters of the Le- 
high Valley region were startled, when they 
learned that Fritz was blowing air at 12 lb. 
per sq. in. into his furnaces, and was pre- 
pared even to blow at 16 lb. in an emer- 
gency. This method of overcoming the in- 



ternal difficulties which had previously been 
treated with so much old-fashioned skill, 
was the beginning of the new blast-furnace 
practice, in which rapid running, immense 
product and high blast, while creating fresh 
problems of blast-furnace management, 
have superseded many of the old ones. 
Fritz's horizontal blowing-engines were 
much criticized at the time, but they have 
run continuously, day and night, for more 
than thirty years, blowing at from 10 to 12 
lb. pressure, and frequently more. He was 
so well satisfied with the result of his in- 
novations in blast-furnace practice that he 
designed a larger furnace, with an engine 
that would supply a 20 to 30 lb. blast. But, 
to his great regret, the directors of the com- 
pany were too conservative to authorize this 
experiment. 

During the Civil War, the government 
needed a rolling-mill somewhere in the 
South, in which twisted rails could be re- 
rolled. It was probably the advice of Abram 
S. Hewitt, which led to the selection of Mr. 
Fritz as one who could procure the neces- 
sary machinery and secure the erection of 
the mill with the least possible delay. He 
was surprised in March, 1864, by his ap- 
jx)intment to this place with almost un- 
limited powers. His commission under the 
War Department declared that "any ar- 
rangements" he might make would be "fully 
carried out" b}^ the Government. Mr. 
Fritz immediately prepared the plans and 
secured the necessary machinery for the 
mill, which was built at Chattanooga, 
Tennessee, and of which his brother Wil- 
liam was made superintendent. William 
Fritz had been employed at Cambria and at 
Bethlehem until 1861, when he enlisted in 
the Union army, and in 1864, he was on fur- 
lough, recovering from a serious wound. 
He ran the Chattanooga mill successfully 
until the end of the war. 

The part taken by John Fritz at the 
Bethlehem works in the application and im- 
provement of the Bessemer process in this 
country was no small one. He was one of 



716 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a notable group, comprising his brother 
George Fritz, then superintendent of the 
Cambria Works, Robert W. Hunt, William 
R. Jones, Owen F. Leibert and Alexander 
L. Holley, which used to meet frequently 
for the discussion of serious practical diffi- 
culties not communicated to the general 
public, or even to the technical societies and 
journals. It is worthy of notice that these 
young engineers were all railmakers ; and it 
was in the manufacture of rails, more than 
in any other department, that the Bessemer 
process produced its widest and deepest 
effect throughout the civilized world, by its 
revolutionary improvement of the condi- 
tions, distances, speed, and economy of 
transportation. The troubles encountered 
in making good steel rails would never have 
been solved by chemists, physicists, and 
metallurgists without the aid of the prac- 
tical rail-makers, of whom John Fritz was 
a leader and type. 

During nearly thirty years of work with 
the Bethlehem Iron Company, Mr. Fritz, 
supported by the faith and courage which 
he inspired in other men, made that enter- 
prise one of the most famous in the world 
— the Mecca of engineer-pilgrims from 
abroad and the pride and pattern of Amer- 
ican practice. The introduction of open- 
hearth furnaces and of the Thomas basic 
process; the progressive improvements of 
strength, simplicity, and automatic handling 
in the rolling-mills ; the adoption of the 
Whitworth forging-press ; the manufacture 
of armor-plate; the erection of a 125-ton 
steam-hammer ; and innumerable other im- 
provements in the manufacture of iron and 
steel, owe their present perfection in large 
degree to his inventive genius, practical re- 
sourcefulness, and patient study. The 
stamp of his mind may be found on almost 
every detail of construction and operation 
throughout a wide range of processes and 
products. 

In 1892, at the age of seventy, he retired 
from the responsible and arduous work at 
Bethlehem, which had occupied more than 



the latter half of the fifty-four years since 
his apprenticeship began. For nearly 
twenty years longer he lived to enjoy, as 
few men have been permitted to do, the 
fame and the friendships which he had 
amply earned. Indeed, he had received 
world-wide recognition before his retire- 
ment, and that event elicited numerous pub- 
lic expressions of the pre-existing fact. 
This Institute, of which he had been a loyal 
member since 1872, elected him its presi- 
dent in 1894, and he made the following 
contributions to the Transactions: "Re- 
marks on the Fracture of Steel Rails," 
1875 ; Remarks on the Bessemer Pro- 
cess, 1890; Early Days of the Iron Manu- 
facture (Presidential Address), 1894; Re- 
marks on Rail-Sections, 1899. The Amer- 
ican Society of Mechanical Engineers, 
which he had joined in 1882, made him an 
honorary member in 1892, and president in 
1895 ; the American Society of Civil En- 
gineers, of which he became a member in 
1893, conferred honorary membership upon 
him in 1899; the Iron and Steel Institute 
of Great Britain made him an honorary 
member in 1893, ^nd a perpetual honorary 
vice-president in 1909; and the recently or- 
ganized American Iron and Steel Institute 
elected him an honorary member in 1910. 
Meanwhile, he had received the Bronze 
Medal of the U. S. Centennial Exposition 
in 1876; in 1893 the Bessemer Gold Medal 
of the Iron and Steel Institute ; in 1902 the 
John Fritz Medal (the fund for which was 
established by subscription, to honor his 
eightieth birthday, by awarding a gold 
medal annually "for notable scientific or 
industrial achievement" — the first medal 
being bestowed with enthusiastic unanimity 
upon John Fritz himself) ; in 1904 the 
Bronze Medal of the Louisiana Purchase 
E.xposition, in connection with which he 
served as honorary expert on iron and steel ; 
and in 1910, the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal 
of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia, 
"for distinguished leading and directive work 
in the advancement of the iron and steel in- 



717 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dustries." And he received honoris causa 
the following academic degrees : Master of 
Arts, from Columbia University, in 1895; 
Doctor of Science, from the University of 
Pennsylvania, in 1906 ; Doctor of Engineer- 
ing, from the Stevens Institute of Tech- 
nology, in 1907; and Doctor of Science, 
from Temple University, in 1910. 

But these official distinctions could not 
tell fully the story of love and praise which 
pressed for the utterance which it found on 
two memorable occasions — celebrations of 
his seventieth and eightieth birthday anni- 
versaries, in which hundreds of his friends 
and professional colleagues participated. 
The first took place at Bethlehem in 1892, 
and the second at New York in 1902. On 
the latter occasion, as has been said above, 
he received the first "John Fritz medal." 
The conferment of honorary degrees by in- 
stitutions of learning upon this self-edu- 
cated workingman was a recognition not 
merely of his professional achievements, but 
also of his wise and generous aid to the 
cause of technical education, some account 
of which may fitly close this story of his 
life. 

Lehigh University was founded in 1866 
by a Pennsylvanian — Asa Packer, who 
knew and appreciated the great qualities of 
John Fritz, and who named him as one of 
the original board of trustees. This institu- 
tion had in its board of control, from the 
beginning, the strong common sense and the 
superlative engineering ability of John 
Fritz. For a wholly self-educated, self- 
cultured man, he was remarkably broad in 
his conceptions of education. While not 
wealthy in the modern sense of the term, 
Mr. Fritz, who though generous was 
thrifty, had laid aside and enjoyed a com- 
fortable competence in his old age; and one 
day in the spring of 1909 he astonished 
President Drinker of Lehigh by saying: 

In my will I have left Lehigh University a 
certain sum of money to be expended in your 
discretion. I now intend to revoke that bequest, 
and instead of leaving money for you to spend 



after I am gone, I'm going to have the fun of 
spending it with you and Charley Taylor (Mr. 
Taylor being a co-Trustee of Lehigh with Mr. 
Fritz, and an old and valued friend — a former 
partner of Andrew Carnegie). I have long 
watched the career of a number of Lehigh gradu- 
ates, and I have been impressed by the value 
of the training they have received at Lehigh. 
But you need an up-to-date engineering labora- 
tory, and I intend to build one for you. 

Mr. Fritz acted as his own architect ; de- 
signed the building (substantially on the 
lines of the large shop he had built at the 
Bethlehem Steel Works) ; selected, pur- 
chased and installed the superb testing- 
equipment ; and renewed his youth in the 
task, which was a great pleasure to him. 
At his death it was found that (after mak- 
ing generous provision for his near rel- 
atives, and for bequests to the Free Library 
of the Bethlehems. to St. Luke's Hospital 
at South Bethlehem, to Temple College at 
Philadelphia, to the Methodist Hospital at 
Philadelphia, to the American University 
at Washington and to other charitable pur- 
poses) he had bequeathed his residuary 
estate, estimated to amount to about $150,- 
000, to Lehigh University, as an endow- 
ment-fund for the maintenance and opera- 
tion of this Laboratory. 

Mr. Fritz retained much of his vigor and 
activity up to the autumn of 191 1. He took 
frequent trips alone to Philadelphia and 
New York, and attended many gatherings 
of his old engineering friends and associ- 
ates. In the spring of 191 1, he decided, at 
the urgent solicitation of friends, to put into 
shape the notes of incidents in his life which 
he had been making for years. This was 
done largely on the insistence of friends, 
during the summer of 191 1, in Bethlehem. 
The penciled notes in his own handwriting, 
on yellow slips, was arranged chronologi- 
cally by his nephew. George A. Chandler, 
who as an engineer, had had a close life- 
long association with Mr. Fritz ; then Dr. 
Drinker, who was admitted to participation 
in the task, procured a competent stenog- 
rapher: and they, with Mr. N. M. Emery, 



718 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



another friend, spent day after day, during 
the summer vacation-season, on the task. 
First, the crabbed desultory penciled notes 
were read aloud, and commented on by Mr. 
Fritz — every now and then with the injec- 
tion of some delightful reminiscence or 
story — all being taken down by the stenog- 
rapher, of whose presence Mr. Fritz soon 
became unconscious, as she was an unob- 
trusive, most competent little woman. As 
soon as this mass of matter had been type- 
written, it was all read over again to Mr. 
Fritz, who again corrected, commented, and 
amplified. It was then turned over to the 
publishers (William H. Wiley claimed this 
privilege as a labor of love), and again the 
galley-proofs were similarly read, and the 
matter improved in Mr. Fritz's painstaking 
way. Finally the paged proofs were all 
read to him. The Autobiography was ab- 
solutely his own individual work. All that 
the devoted friends who were admitted to 
participate in its preparation did, was (as 
Dr. Drinker expressed it), to do the "cooly 
work," to perform the manual operations of 
authorship; the literary work, the direct 
forcible expression, the loving reminis- 
cences, the jocund incidents of home- and 
mill-life are all the work of Mr. Fritz. 

And then came the beginning of the end. 
This literary work finished, the laboratory 
built, his afifairs in good order, Mr. Fritz 
began to fail. He suffered from recurring 
attacks of bronchitis, and finally an abscess 
formed on his chest. The abscess was 
opened by his physician. Dr. John H. Wil- 
son, in February, 1912. Mr. Fritz, in his 
weakness shrank from physical pain ; so the 
spot was frozen by the application of chlor- 
ide of ethyl before the knife was applied. 
When the patient heard the hissing of the 
gas, he turned languidly in bed towards Dr. 
Drinker, who stood by him, and said, "Doc- 
tor, that sound reminds me of my first 
Bessemer blow !" 

In March, 1912, his medical attendants 
expressed the opinion that unless he would 
submit to a drastic operation for the re- 



moval of pus on his chest, blood-poisoning 
would set in and death must soon follow ; 
and Dr. Drinker was appealed to by the 
family to exert his personal influence as a 
friend to persuade Mr. Fritz to submit to 
the operation. In this he was successful ; 
and the operation was performed April 15, 
1912. by Dr. William L. Estes, Mr. Fritz's 
old and intimate friend, with Dr. Edward 
Martin, of Philadelphia, as consulting sur- 
geon, and Dr. John H. Wilson as physician. 

At this time Mr. Fritz again gave evi- 
dence of his characteristic sense of humor 
under any and all conditions. Every pre- 
caution was of course taken to ease the 
patient, and the surgeons arranged to bring 
from Philadelphia a special operator with 
apparatus to administer nitrous oxide, be- 
fore subjecting him to the influence of 
ether. When Dr. Drinker explained this 
to him, Mr. Fritz said, "All right, but don't 
let them pull out any of my teeth" — the 
joke being that he had not a natural tooth 
left. This from a man in a state of ex; 
treme weakness, following weeks of suffer- 
ing! The operation was highly successful 
in averting the immediate threatened 
danger. Mr. Fritz wished to live ; and his 
life was prolonged until February 13, 1913, 
when he died quietly, without apparent pain, 
passing away in sleep. His funeral, held 
at Bethlehem on February 17, was attended 
by a large concourse of his friends ; and he 
lies at rest in the beautiful Nisky Hill ceme- 
tery of his home town, beside his only 
daughter, who died in childhood, and his be- 
loved wife. So lived and died a great man 
— strong, wise, brave, invincible ; a good 
man — simple, generous, tender and true; a 
loving husband ; a loyal friend ; a public- 
spirited citizen ; a real philanthropist, giving 
"himself with his gift!" To us who miss 
and mourn him now, the man shines even 
more illustrious than the famous engineer. 

Mr. Fritz married Ellen W. Maxwell, 
born in White Alarsh, June 8, 1833, died 
at Bethlehem, January 29, 1908. Their only 
child, Gertrude, born in 1853, died in i860. 



719 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



On March 28, 1913, the board of direc- 
tors of the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers unanimously adopted the follow- 
ing minutes : 

John Fritz, one of the most distinguished of 
American mechanical and metallurgical engi- 
neers, won that position by the force of innate 
genius, indomitable industry, unstained integrity 
and unfailing sympathy, and generosity towards 
his fellow-men. 

Self-educated in the hard school of practice, 
he appreciated nevertheless the advantages of 
technical instruction and discussion, and evinced 
this appreciation both by his membership and 
lively interest in this and other similar societies, 
and by his munificent gifts to engineering educa- 
tion at Lehigh University, and his long and 
faithful service as a Trustee of that institution. 

As one of the foremost of those American 
engineers who, through their brilliant inventions 
and practical skill, developed here the modern 
iron blast-furnace and rolling-mill, and intro- 
duced and perfected the Bessemer process and 
other improvements in the manufacture of steel, 
Mr. Fritz contributed mightily to the chief de- 
partments of that industrial progress which 
characterized the Nineteenth Century. 

Proud of his great achievements, we cannot 
but rejoice over his long and fruitful life, crowned 
with a peaceful death; but our praise and thanks 
are mingled with sorrow, as we recall the kindly 
face which we shall see no more on earth, and 
the loyal friendship and spontaneous good-will 
which led the love of his generation, and the 
reverence of the generation which followed, to 
regard him universally as "Uncle John Fritz." 



CADWALADER, John, 

Lawyer, Usefnl Citizen. 

A member of the Philadelphia bar since 
1864, John Cadwalader in professional and 
social life enjoys a reputation fairly earned 
antl one not depending on the fame of his 
distinguished ancestors. Since 1697 the 
Cadwalader name has been familiar in 
Pennsylvania history, and in every genera- 
tion men of eminence in civil life, the pro- 
fessions, and high in military rank, have 
contributed to the glory of their State and 
to the honor of the family name. Wealth, 
honors and position have been freely show- 
ered upon them and in the stirring scenes 



that attend the birth of a nation all this 
wealth and prestige was employed to estab- 
lish its right to exist free and independent. 
Great as was its early fame the family in 
succeeding generations have proved no less 
worthy of the name they bear. 

John Cadwalader, of Philadelphia, is of 
the sixth American generation of a family 
founded by John Cadwalader, of Wales, 
who came to Pennsylvania in 1697. He 
was born in county Merioneth, Wales, about 
1677, and at the age of twenty years came 
to this country, bearing testimony from the 
Friends of Pembrokeshire that they had 
known him since his thirteenth year and 
that he "hath the reputation of an apt 
scholar and hath attained to as good a degree 
of learning as any at school." Furthermore 
they gave testimony that ""his demeanor has 
been sober and innocent." The young man 
settled on the "Welsh Tract," near Phila- 
delphia, and on December 26, 1699, married 
Martha Jones, daughter of Dr. Edward 
Jones, who came from Wales with the first 
immigrants from that country in 1682. Dr. 
Jones married Mary Wynne, daughter of 
Thomas Wynne, a physician who came with 
William Penn on the "Welcome." After 
his marriage, John Cadwalader settled in 
Philadelphia, where he first was an in- 
structor, later became a merchant, was 
elected a member of the connnon council in 
1718, and in 1729 a member of the General 
Assembly. He died July 23, 1734, leaving 
a son Thomas to perpetuate the family 
name — the only son to survive childhood. 

Thomas Cadwalader became a noted phy- 
sician, obtaining his professional education 
largely in England. He practiced first in 
Philadelphia, then went to live at Trenton, 
Xew Jersey, where in 1746 he became the 
first burgess under the charter granted by 
Governor Belcher, of Xew Jersey. In 1750 
he returned to Philadelphia and there rose 
to eminence in his profession, served in 
many positions of honor and trust. He was 
an ardent patriot, and lived an honorable, 
useftd life that terminated November 14, 



720 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1779, at the age of seventy-two years, at 
his farm "Greenwood," about one mile 
from Trenton, New Jersey. He is known 
in history as Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, the 
"Councillor," having served with Chew and 
Mifflin as a member of the Provincial Coun- 
cil from November 2, 1755, until the Revo- 
lution. He also served as a member of 
Philadelphia common council, 1751 until 
1774. He was one of the original incor- 
porators of the Philadelphia Library Com- 
pany, founded in 1731, and was a director 
in the years I73i-i732-i733-i739-i752- 
1769- 1 773- 1 774. He married, June 18, 
1738, Hannah, daughter of Thomas Lam- 
bert, of New Jersey. She died in Philadel- 
phia, in 1786, aged seventy- four years, and 
was buried in Friends' burying ground at 
Fifth and Arch streets; Dr. Thomas Cad- 
walader was buried in Friends' burying 
ground in Trenton, New Jersey, in which 
city he had founded a public library. His 
daughters married distinguished men of 
tlieir day, except the youngest, Elizabeth, 
one of the flower girls at Washington's re- 
ception in Trenton, in 1789, vi'ho died un- 
married ten years after that event, aged 
twenty-nine years. His sons — John, of 
further mention, and Lambert — both at- 
tained distinction in business, military and 
official life. 

General John Cadwalader, eldest son of 
Dr. Thomas, the Councillor, was a merchant 
of Philadelphia in company with his brother, 
the firm being known as John & Lambert 
Cadwalader. In 1771 he erected a large 
double house in Second street, below Spruce, 
with gardens extending to Third street. At 
the outbreak of the Revolution he was cap- 
tain of the company of the Philadelphia, an 
organization familiarly known as the "Silk 
Stocking Corps," many members of which 
later became officers of the Continental 
Line. He was a member of the Committee 
of Safety, colonel of a city battalion, and 
brigadier-general in command of Pennsyl- 
vania troops. He led one of the divisions 
of Washington's army that crossed the Del- 



aware, December 27, 1776, remaining on 
the Jersey side, fought at Princeton, Janu- 
ai'y 3> ^777^ and won from General Wash- 
ington the encomium: "A man of ability, a 
good disciplinarian, firm in his principles 
and of intrepid bravery." He declined in 
1777 the appointment of brigadier-general, 
and a later appointment by Congress of 
brigadier-general of cavalry of the United 
States, believing the war practically over 
and preferring to remain in command of 
Pennsylvania troops. Later, at Washing- 
ton's request, he organized the militia of the 
Eastern Shore of Maryland, joined the 
army under Washington, fought at Brandy- 
wine and Germantown as a volunteer, and 
performed valiant service at the battle of 
Monmouth, June 28, 1778. Soon after- 
ward he fought a duel with General Con- 
way, whom Washington characterized as a 
"dangerous incendiary." General Cadwala- 
der was uninjured, but wounded his ad- 
versary. In 1779 he succeeded his honored 
father as trustee of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and returned to his home in Mary- 
land, becoming a member of the Assembly 
of that State. He died at Shrewsbury, Kent 
county, Maryland, February 10, 1786, just 
past his forty-fourth birthday. General 
John Cadwalader married (first) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Edward Lloyd, of Wye House, 
Talbot county, Maryland, (second) Wil- 
liamina, daughter of Dr. Phineas Bond, of 
Philadelphia, and granddaughter of John 
Moore, judge of the Admiralty in Pennsyl- 
vania. His daughters by both wives mar- 
ried men of distinction and rank. 

General Thomas Cadwalader, only son 
of General John Cadwalader to survive 
infancy, was a child of the second wife, 
Williamina Bond. His father, a man of 
great wealth, gave him every advantage of 
education, and in 1795, he graduated A. B., 
University of Pennsylvania. He then 
studied law, was admitted to the bar, but 
becoming trustee of the Penn and other 
large estates he withdrew from active prac- 
tice. In 1799 he served with the cavalry 



721 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



troops sent out to quell an insurrection in 
Pennsylvania, which grew out of resistance 
to the enforcement of a law levying a tax 
to defray the charges of the French War. 
He was a lieutenant colonel of cavalry in 
the War of 1812, was also in command of 
the "advanced light brigade," and later 
major-general, First Division, Pennsylvania 
Militia. He was solicited by President 
Monroe to accept the diplomatic appoint- 
ment of Minister to England, but declined 
that and other civic positions. He was ap- 
pointed with General Scott and Colonel 
(afterwards President) Taylor in 1826 to 
revise the tactics of the United States 
Army. He was the author of numerous 
articles in various journals, and his man- 
sion at Ninth and Arch streets, Philadel- 
phia, was the resort of the most accom- 
plished scholars of the country. 

He married, June 25, 1804, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Clement Biddle, Assistant 
Quartermaster-General of the Revolutionary 
army from Pennsylvania, and United States 
Marshal. General Cadwalader died Octo- 
ber 31, 1841, leaving five sons — John, of 
whom further; George, brevetted major- 
general in the United States regular army 
for gallant conduct at Chapultepec, Mexico, 
and major-general of volunteers for service 
during the Civil War, a large landowner 
and man of affairs, died in Philadelphia, 
February 3, 1879; Thomas; Henry, an 
officer in United States navy ; and William. 

Judge John Cadwalader, the third in 
direct line to bear the name, was the eldest 
son of General Thomas and Mary (Biddle) 
Cadwalader. He was born in Philadelphia, 
April I, 1805, died January 26, 1879. He 
was a graduate of University of Pennsyl- 
vania, A. B., class of 1821. When sixteen 
years of age he studied law, and before 
arriving at legal age, was admitted to the 
Philadelphia bar, September 20, 1825. He 
soon after his admission became solicitor 
for the Rank of the United States, and soon 
became conspicuous even among the bril- 
liant men of that day who composed the 



Philadelphia bar. He was retained by the 
government in the famous Blackburne 
"Cloth Cases," and with Walter Jones and 
Daniel Webster represented the complain- 
ants in the Girard Will Case. When twenty- 
eight years old he was admitted to the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, in 1834. 
From 1833-1853 he was vice-provost of the 
Philadelphia Law Academy. In 1844 he 
commanded a well-known company of 
Philadelphia militia that served during the 
riots and disturbances of that year. He 
was active in securing the consolidation of 
the several districts of which Philadelphia 
was formerly composed, and in 1854 was 
elected to Congress after a hotly contested 
canvass in the Fifth District, then com- 
posed of Montgomery county and Kensing- 
ton. He served with honor, but declined 
renomination. In 1858 he was appointed 
by President Buchanan to succeed Judge 
John K. Kane, deceased, as Judge of the 
United States District Court for Eastern 
Pennsylvania. This honorable position he 
held until his death, a period of twenty-one 
years. During the Civil War the jurisdic- 
tion of the court was greatly extended, and 
afterwards by the Internal Revenue Acts 
and the Bankrupt Law. In 1870 the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania conferred upon 
Judge Cadwalader the honorary degree of 
LL. D. He was a member of the Amer- 
ican Philosophical Society, elected in 1867; 
and a Democrat in politics. 

He married (first) January 26, 1879, 
Mary, daughter of Horace and Elizabeth 
(Cox) Binney, (second) Henrietta Maria, 
widow of Bloomfield Mcllvaine, and daugh- 
ter of Charles N. Bancker, an eminent mer- 
chant of Philadelphia. Children : Mary 
Binney, married William Henry Rawle: 
Elizabeth Binney, married George Harrison 
Hare. Children by second wife: Sarah 
Bancker ; Frances, deceased ; Thomas, died 
in childhood ; Charles Evert, graduate of 
LTniversity of Pennsj'lvania, A. B. and A. 
M. ; enlisted in 1861 in First City Troop, 
afterwards was first lieutenant, 6th Regi- 



I 





^/tt /■^;2^^s^6>zM^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment Pennsylvania Cavalry, attaining the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel on the staff of 
General Meade ; Anne, married Rev. Henry 
J. Rowland; John, of whom further; 
George, died young. 

John, son of Judge John and Henrietta 
Maria (Bancker) Cadwalader, was born in 
Philadelphia, June 27, 1843, ^"d has passed 
his life principally in the city of his birth. 
He prepared for college in the city schools, 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, 
graduated A. B., class of 1862, received 
A. I\I. in course in 1865; received the de- 
gree of LL. D. in 1912, and is a trustee of 
the University of Pennsylvania. He was 
admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1864, 
and has from that time been actively con- 
nected with the legal profession, practicing 
in all State and Federal courts of the dis- 
trict. He has acquired large financial inter- 
ests, and is identified with many Philadel- 
phia institutions, philanthropic, patriotic and 
social, and from 1889 to 1897 was president 
of the Trust Company of North America. 
He is president of the Philadelphia and 
Baltimore Steamboat Company; manager 
and president of Philadelphia Institution 
for the Blind; served as school director, 
1875-1885 ; was collector of the Port of 
Philadelphia, 1885-1889, appointed by Pres- 
ident Cleveland ; was jury commissioner. 
United States Circuit Court; and in all 
things honorable, upright and honored. 
Through the distinguished service of his 
ancestors he gains admission to the patriotic 
orders, and is president-general of the So- 
ciety of the War of 1812, and belongs to 
Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the Revolu- 
tion. He is also a member of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, the American 
Philosophical Society, and vice-president of 
the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila- 
delphia, serving as a member of the council. 
In political faith he is a Democrat. His 
clubs are the Metropolitan of Washington, 
the University of Philadelphia, of which he 
has been president since 1896; the Ritten- 
house, Art. Penn and Philadelphia Country. 



He married Mary Helen, daughter of 
Joshua Francis Fisher, and a descendant 
of Logan Fisher; children: Sophia, Mary 
Helen, John, Thomas Francis. The family 
home is No. 1519 Locust street, Philadel- 
phia. 



JOHNSON, Frederick Charles, 

Physician, Jonrnalist, Litteratenr. 

The subject of this sketch, though ac- 
tively interested in medical science, attained 
eminence as a journalist. He was of the 
sixth generation of his family in this coun- 
try. Thomas, Robert and William Johnson 
were the progenitors of the American 
branch. 

Robert, who, April 3, 1655, deeded land 
to his kinsman Thomas (supra), was the an- 
cestor of those eminent educators and 
clergymen of the Church of England and 
United States : Rev. Samuel Johnson, S. 
T. D., first president of King's College, 
New York, 1754-63; and Rev. William 
Samuel Johnson, LL. D., first president of 
Columbia (formerly King's) College, 1792- 
1800, and member of the Continental Con- 
gress, 1784, etc. Thomas came from Eng- 
land to New England with the Puritan 
immigration in a company headed by Eze- 
kiel Rogers. 

William Johnson came from England 
about 1660, settled at New Haven, Con- 
necticut, and ten years later became one 
of the proprietors of Wallingford, and one 
of the signers of the compact. He married, 
in 1664, Sarah, daughter of John and Jane 
(Woolen) Hall, and died in 1716, his will 
being recorded in New Haven. They had 
thirteen children. 

Rev. Jacob Johnson, grandson of Wil- 
liam and Sarah (Hall ) Johnson, was born 
April 7, 1713, in Wallingford, and died on 
March 15, 1797, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania. His record of public service was 
notable. He was a sergeant in the Walling- 
ford Train Band ; deputy in the general 
court in 1732-33-36; graduate of Yale; pas- 



723 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tor of Congregational church, Groton, Con- 
necticut, from 1749 to 1772; first pastor of 
Wilkes-Barre Congregational (afterward 
Presbyterian) Church from 1772 to 1797. 
He made missionary excursions to the Six 
Nations, and preached to the Indians in 
their own tongue. He wrote the articles of 
capitulation following the destruction of the 
Wyoming Valley settlements by the British 
and Indians in 1778, and was a sturdy and 
selfsacrificing defender of the Connecticut 
title throughout the protracted land contest 
in the Wyoming Valley. Several years be- 
fore the revolution, at a public banquet dur- 
ing the treaty conference, he was called 
upon for an address, and made this pro- 
phetic response, matching the spirit of the 
famous words of Patrick Henry in Vir- 
ginia : "I drink to the health of George III. 
of Great Britain, comprehending New Eng- 
land and all the British colonies in North 
America, and I mean to drink such a health 
as long as His Royal Majesty shall govern 
the British and American subjects accord- 
ing to the great charter of English liberty, 
and so long as he hears the prayers of his 
American subjects. But in case His Brit- 
ish Majesty (which God in great mercy 
prevent) should proceed contrary to char- 
ter rights and privileges, and govern us with 
a rod of iron and the mouth of cannons. 
then I should consider it my indispensable 
duty to join my countrymen in forming a 
new empire in America." Rev. Jacob 
Johnson married, at North Groton, Con- 
necticut, Mary, a daughter of Captain 
Nathaniel and Mary (Williams) Giddings, 
of Preston, and they had a number of chil- 
dren. He was an extensive land and slave 
owner, and as attested by the foregoing was 
a man prominent in large affairs. 

One of the sons of Jacob Johnson was 
Jehoida Pitt Johnson. The latter espoused 
the Connecticut side in the Yankee-Penna- 
mite struggle. He, with a hundred others, 
was arrested in Wilkes-Barre by the Penna- 
mites on the charge of "treason," and sent 
to jail. He had a large part in the public 



affairs of the community. He married Han- 
nah Frazer, a relative of Sir Simon Frazer, 
the Scottish chieftain, known in history as 
Lord Lovat. Her father served with the 
British against the French before the Amer- 
ican Revolution, was wounded at Quebec, 
where he was a sergeant under Wolfe, and 
was in Colonel Obadiah Gore's regiment of 
Continentals during the Revolutionary War. 
Wesley, son of Jehoida and Hannah 
(Frazer) Johnson, was educated for the 
law, and had attained distinction in practice 
when he abandoned it for a more peaceful 
mode of life than that of continual litiga- 
tion. He was one of the originators and 
leaders in the Wyoming Centennial Cele- 
bration of 1878; was secretary of the Wy- 
oming Commemorative Association from its 
inception to the day of his death, and the 
"Memorial Volume." compiled by him, is 
one of the standard works among the annals 
of Wyoming. He married (first) Cynthia 
Henrietta, daughter of David Sands and 
Mary (Tuttle) Green, and (second) Fran- 
ces Wilson, widow of Frederick McAlpine. 
Dr. Frederick Charles Johnson, son of 
Wesley and Cynthia Henrietta (Green) 
Johnson, was born in Marquette, Green 
Lake county, Wisconsin, on March 2, 1853. 
and died at his home at Orchard Knob 
Farm, Dallas, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, on March 5, 1913. His earlier educa- 
tion was secured in the public schools of 
Wilkes-Barre, and returning to his native 
State. Wisconsin, he took a partial course in 
Ripon College, with the class of 1873. Re- 
turning to Wilkes-Barre in 1871, he had ten 
years of business training, during which 
time he developed his taste for newspaper 
work, contributing to the local papers, and 
undertaking special correspondence from 
the coal regions for the "Chicago Tribune." 
One of these years he spent in Chicago, on 
"The Tribune" staff. 

He was graduated with the degree of 

Doctor of Medicine from the University of 

Pennsylvania, class of 1883, and following 

graduation obtained appointment on exami- 

24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nation as resident pliysician in Wilkes- 
Barre City Hospital. It was while attached 
as stated that he purchased, with the late Jo- 
seph C. Powell, the "Wilkes-Barre Record," 
then an old established newspaper, and then, 
as since, a power for good in the community 
and in the newspaper world. At the time 
he became a joint owner, the paper had been 
faring precariously, and Dr. Johnson, with 
an enthusiasm born of his newspaper in- 
stinct, threw himself into the task of laying 
the foundation for a daily newspaper of 
larger scope and influence. To this great 
work he gave the best years of his life, the 
best intelligence of his mind, and the best 
idealism of his nature. And yet in the 
midst of such engrossing effort he found 
time to contribute a remarkable share in the 
general uplift work of the community. 

Dr. Johnson married, at Oshkosh, Wis- 
consin, on June 25, 1885, Georgia Post, 
daughter of Joseph H. and Harriet (Green) 
Post, of Knoxville. Tennessee, and they 
had: Mrs. Ruth (Johnson) Morgan, Fred- 
erick Green (Cornell University, 1913), 
and Margaret. At the first and only re- 
union of the class of 1883 of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania Medical School, Dr. 
Johnson prepared the class history, which 
was afterward published in pamphlet form. 
Each year he furnished to the Luzerne 
County Medical Society the vital statistics 
of Wilkes-Barre. He wrote for the Wy- 
oming Historical and Geological Society 
]iapers on : The Pioneer Physicians of Wy- 
oming Valley, 1775-1825; Pioneer Women 
of Wyoming Valley ; Count Zinzendorf and 
the Moravian Movement in Wyoming Val- 
ley ; Biography of Rev. Jacob Johnson ; 
Memoir of Mrs. Ruth Tripp Ross; Pro- 
posed Exodus of Wyoming Settlers in 
1783; Wallingford (Connecticut) John- 
sons; The Johnson Family, etc., etc., sev- 
eral of which have become permanent pub- 
lished records of the society. He also 
through a period of years compiled the Wy- 
oming Historical Record in fourteen vol- 
umes, a work rich in local history. 



The foregoing, and other associations 
with general enterprises outside his routine, 
reveal a man of large public impulse, and 
one whose high intelligence and capacity in 
achievement made him for years a promi- 
nent and a controlling personality. He served 
on the committee appointed by the State 
Board of Public Charities to inspect the 
public institutions of Luzerne county. He 
was one of the prison commissioners of the 
county; life member, and for a long time 
treasurer, of the Historical Society, and at 
the time of his death historiographer there- 
of. He outlined in an exhaustive paper 
read before the Luzerne County Medical 
Society, the projected enterprise of the free 
sanitarium for tuberculosis at White Haven, 
and his paper was used before the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature when the question of the 
initial State appropriation was debated. Dr. 
Johnson was treasurer of the Wyoming 
Commemorative Association, and always an 
active worker ; member of the Moravian 
Historical Society; Minesink Valley Histor- 
ical Society : Pennsylvania Society Sons of 
the Revolution ; New England Society ; 
Pennsylvania Society ; Westmoreland, Coun- 
try, Franklin, Automobile and Camera clubs ; 
American Medical Association ; State and 
County Medical societies ; Society for Pre- 
vention of Tuberculosis ; Wilkes-Barre 
Chamber of Commerce; State and National 
Editorial associations ; Pennsylvania For- 
estry Association ; Civil Service Reform 
Association ; Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation (and director) ; Masonic Order, in- 
cluding Royal Arch Masons, Knights 
Templar and Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; 
St. Stephen's Episcopal Church (and vestry- 
man), etc. 

So vast a field of usefulness connotes a 
man whose largest impulses were industry 
and altruism — the former a natural trait 
and continually manifested, and the latter 
largely unfolded through a heart of deep 
sympathies and through the practical work- 
ing out of his religious convictions. In an 
age when the relationship of men and reli- 



725 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gion is like to be somewhat perfunctory, 
Dr. Johnson's religious zeal was manifested 
with an ever increasing consistency. Beau- 
tiful impulses working from within, were 
shown in his undertaking a heavy burden of 
duty, and yet he was a man upon whom 
these burdens sat lightly. For duty became 
to him not negation but affirmation, not a 
shunned and dreaded call but a keen delight. 
Immediately after the organization of the 
Wilkes-Barre Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation he became an active worker. With 
one other he initiated and brought to suc- 
cess the boys' department, which has since 
grown to a separate plant and organization 
allied with the older branch. He assisted 
in the formation of suburban Young Men's 
Christian Associations. His work as Young 
Men's Christian Association director was 
for many years a vital influence. His 
church affiliation bears the same stamp of 
sincerity and constant usefulness. He was 
baptized at nineteen, and a few days there- 
after was confirmed by the Right Reverend 
Bishop of Central Pennsylvania, Alonzo 
D'W Howe, D. D. His church activity was 
unbroken through forty years, until his 
death. A short service as vestryman in St. 
Stephen's was interrupted by his medical 
study in Philadelphia. He was in later years 
reelected, and served continuously for ten 
years before his death. He was one of the 
pioneer workers in Calvary Chapel, a mis- 
sion of St. Stephen's, was for many years 
superintendent of its Sunday school, and he 
lived to see a commodious church, parish 
house and rectory become the property of 
the congregation. 

Religion meant to him a vital daily force 
in life's experiences. It meant generosity, 
sympathy, helpfulness, charity in gifts and 
in judgments. It meant a high-minded am- 
bition in the newspaper career. He of all 
men was the last to recognize in himself 
any merit. His faithfulness to church and 
to his public and domestic relations was 
both natural and inevitable. His spirit was 
clothed in humilitv. In business connected 



with "The Record" newspaper he was a 
master of detail. He was perhaps the best 
all-round chronicler of events the city of 
Wilkes-Barre has ever had. He was a para- 
gon of correct statement and generous 
marshaling of fact. And beyond this, he 
preserved in himself and cultivated and en- 
couraged in others the duty of presenting 
news correctly, thoroughly and without 
offense to the better taste of the community. 
He wrought so well that the tradition of his 
personal work and example is still a potent 
force. When his paper persuaded, modi- 
fied, or moulded public opinion it did so 
with the trend always toward the honorable, 
the moral and the right. Naturally, under 
such a regime as this. "The Record" became 
a potent force, and its influence extended 
beyond the immediate locality. During his 
active work its circulation was increased 
five-fold. And it is safe to say that in this 
achievement his was the most considerable 
force. 

In fine, it may be said that the talents en- 
trusted to his keeping were manifolded. He 
was the faithful steward. He left an im- 
press on the community. His name is 
gratefully remembered, and his influence 
will remain long after the name is merged 
with the other notable personal forces of 
the past. 



ALLISON, Henry 'Willard, 

Financier, FuMic Official. 

The subject of this sketch, born July 8, 
1846, died October 12, 1913, was the son of 
James Willetts Allison and Mary McClel- 
land Boal ; grandson of Isaac Allison and 
Margaret Millard ; and great-grandson of 
James Allison and Margaret Willetts, all of 
whom were Pennsylvanians by birth, and 
passed many years if not their entire lives 
as residents of the State. His earlier an- 
cestors were among the Scotch-Irish Pres- 
byterians who came to this country early in 
the eighteenth century, settling for the 
greater part in York, Chester and North- 



726 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ampton counties. They were men of strong 
religious convictions, energetic disposition 
and sterling character, and his life record 
showed that he had inherited to a marked 
degree the qualities of the race. 

His parents — James W. Allison, born in 
Mauch Chunk, in 1806, and Mary M. Boal, 
born in Muncie, in 1812, crossed the Alle- 
ghanies into Ohio in 1836, settling in Law- 
rence county, where his father engaged in 
the mercantile business, and later in the de- 
velopment of the coal and iron industries 
of that locality. As years passed, these in- 
terests carried him into Kentucky, where, 
at Catlettsburg, at the mouth of the Big 
Sandy river, the son was born in 1846. 
Two years later, the financial panic of 1848, 
which shook the commercial world to its 
centre, and brought disaster to thousands 
of the most enterprising men of the country, 
found the father with more interest than 
he could protect at once, and brought crash- 
ing about his ears the promising but incom- 
plete business edifice reared through years 
of effort. 

Undismayed he returned to Ohio and set 
about building anew, to meet similar dis- 
aster in the succeeding panic of 1857. And, 
as misfortunes rarely come singly, an attack 
of inflammatory rheumatism, indiiced by 
overwork and exposure, rendered him a 
helpless and temporarily almost hopeless in- 
valid. Pathetically and tragically enough, 
the condition of affairs brought to the mind 
of the ten year old boy the responsibility 
devolving upon him as the eldest son of the 
poverty stricken family. Without a word 
of his intention he went to a druggist whom 
he knew and asked for work — he was big 
enough to sweep out the store and run er- 
rands and must earn some money. And he 
could learn to put up prescriptions. Prob- 
ably struck with the boy's earnestness and 
enterprise rather than the value of his serv- 
ice, the good man at once made an offer 
which was readily accepted, and the child 
took up the burden of work and responsi- 
bility which was to be laid down only with 



his life. From this time the boy no longer 
thought and spoke and acted as a child, but 
as a man. His daily life lay between the 
school house and the drug store where his 
eager mind searched into the mysteries sur- 
rounding him, and he experimented in vari- 
ous directions until after some month's 
work he was taken home, his face and head 
swathed in bandages, having "blown him- 
self up," with a mixture which proved to 
be a dangerous explosive. The prohibition 
following this disaster he insisted to the day 
of his death, was all that prevented his being 
recognized as the discoverer of nitro-gly- 
cerin in this country. 

Until sixteen years of age he attended the 
public schools, alwa3's looking for and 
always finding work in some capacity dur- 
ing the summer vacation, and in some cases 
through the year outside of school hours. A 
boy in years he became familiar with the 
mining and marketing of bituminous coal 
and the manufacture of wrought and cast 
iron in every shape among the coal mines, 
blast furnaces, rolling and nail mills, found- 
ries, and machine shops of Lawrence county, 
Ohio, where his parents then resided. 

At sixteen he left school for business life 
and thereafter his education was what be 
could glean through the school of ex- 
perience and his love of reading. Thence- 
forward he was under no necessity of look- 
ing or asking for employment. His repu- 
tation for industry, honesty, integrity and 
ability, was already so well known among 
business men that he found himself at 
liberty to simply accept or decline among 
the numerous applications for his services. 
Naturally gifted with a high order of in- 
telligence, of good figure, handsome of fea- 
ture and of polished manners he was as 
popular socially as in a business way and 
a welcome guest at the best homes of any 
locality where he was known. At sixteen 
years of age he entered the employ of the 
iron firm of Sinton & Means, of Southern 
Ohio, and two years later of the Norton 
Iron Works, of Ashland, Kentucky. In 



727 



EX CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGIL\PHY 



1868 he accepted a position with Pardee 
Brothers & Co., of Hazleton and Latimer, 
Pennsylvania, where for the next seven 
years he made close and careful study of the 
anthracite interests which he mastered in 
every detail. In 1875 he was transferred 
to the AUentown Rolling Mills of which he 
became secretary, treasurer and general 
manager, retaining his position until his 
death. 

Perhaps the two ruling principles of Mr. 
Allison's life were conscientiousness and 
thoroughness. Had he been as scrupulous 
of his own interests as he was of those of 
his employers he should and probably would 
have died a rich man. But his unswerving 
loyalty to those who trusted him and his 
devotion to duty amounted to self abnega- 
tion, and he frequently stood in his own 
light and the way of his own welfare. 

Such a man is sure to die respected. He 
is not apt to die rich, and Mr. Allison was 
no exception to the rule. What he did, he 
did with all his might, and did not rest until 
he knew to the bottom and in every detail, 
whatever he came in contact with. 

A western iron master who entertained 
him on a visit to the Pacific Coast told the 
writer that he had learned more about iron 
in one evening from his guest than in twenty 
years of actual experience in its manu- 
facture and sale. As an authority on iron 
and steel, and bituminous and anthracite 
coals he was probably without a superior in 
the country. 

In 1879 Mr. Allison was married to Miss 
Clara Unger, of AUentown, who survives 
him, with three daughters — Mary, Jean and 
Marjorie, a daughter and an only son dying 
in infancy. 

While Mr. Allison was never an active 
politician, his affiliations were with the 
Republican party, with which he always 
voted, so that when in 1888 he accepted 
the nomination of mayor of a city re- 
garded as a Democratic stronghold, the 
situation was regarded by many of his 
friends in the light of a practical joke. He 



was elected, and in 1893 re-elected, giving 
to AUentown two terms of office that will 
long be remembered by the people of that 
city as the "most precise, progressive and 
businesslike" that the city has ever known. 
He accepted the call simply as a call of duty 
and carried into the administration of the 
office the same conscientious methods of 
rigid honesty, integrity, impartiality, unself- 
ishness and business ability that he gave to 
his private aft'airs. In or out of office his 
broad minded, generous and always capable 
public spirit was recognized and his time 
and abilities were sought and freely and 
cheerfully rendered in many directions. He 
was a powerful factor in the organization 
of the Young Mens' Temperance Society 
and of the Livingston Club of which he 
was the first president. He served also for 
years as president of the City Board of 
Trade, as director of the Rapid Transit 
Railway, of the Lehigh County Agricultural 
Society, and as director of the Second 
National Bank, the Fairview Cemetery- 
Association, the AUentown Hospital, and 
St. Luke's Hospital, Bethlehem. Through 
the services of his father as an officer of the 
Union army, during four years of the Civil 
War, he was an honored member of the 
Pennsylvania Commandery of the Loyal 
Legion and of the Sons of Veterans, and 
was also a member of Barger Lodge, F. and 
A. M. ; Allen Chapter, R. A. M.; Allen 
Commandery, Knights Templar, and the 
Knights of the Golden Eagle. In his ap- 
preciation of the dignity of the highest man- 
hood, his hatred of all that is mean, sordid 
and vulgar, his fine scorn of that disposition 
that would "crack the pregnant hinges of 
the knee, that thrift may follow fawning" 
he was a born aristocrat. In his love for 
his fellow man, his easy accessibility at all 
times to high and low alike, his ever readi- 
ness to aid the "under dog in the fight" and 
to lend a helping hand to the unfortunate, 
he was the ideal Democrat and man of the 
people. Caring little for the pleasures and 
vanities of the world and nothing for the 



728 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.\PHY 



dissipations of "higii society," and loving 
tlie quiet of his own fireside, the company 
of his family, his books and chosen friends 
above all else, no night was too dark or 
cold or stormy to draw him from these at 
the cry of distress. A lover of nature in 
all her moods — of mountain and forest and 
river, of fine horses and cattle, of the trout 
in the streams and wild animals of the forest 
and plain, he was never happier than when 
he could, for brief intervals of a busy life, 
throw off the cares and responsibilities of 
his work among the whiz and clamor of 
flying wheels and roaring machinery and 
"flee as a bird to the mountain" and be 
a boy again. And when at last came to him 
the summons which, sooner or later, comes 
alike to rich and poor, the proud and the 
humble, high and low, he met it frankly 
and fearlessly as he had met every other 
change in his life, fully realizing that for 
him this was only a change and in no wise 
a conclusion. Half whimsically he depre- 
cated his increasing weakness and difficulty 
of breathing, with no word of complaint 
or despondency, and from his dying bed, 
but a few days before the end, came to the 
writer a humorous message of his surrender 
to the tyranny of nurse and doctor who had 
put a ban on his determined efforts to help 
himself and "fight it out." 

So, bravely living, he bravely died, leaving 
behind him the highest form of wealth that 
man can boast — a stainless life, a business 
career without a blemish, and the love, re- 
spect and veneration of all who knew him. 



GARRETT, Albin, 
Financier, Manufacturer, Model Citizen. 

Albin Garrett, man of large affairs, and 
a splendid type of citizenship, one who held 
to the loftiest ideals in public as well as in 
personal life, had for ancestors those who 
were among the earliest settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania, and were among the pioneers of a 
new civilization. 

In 1764, William Garrett emigrated from 



Harby, Leicestershire, England, and settled 
in Darby, Pennsylvania, bringing with him 
his wife and seven children. He became 
identified with the Monthly Meeting of 
Friends in Philadelphia, presenting a letter 
from the Meeting at Harby, England, and 
he was warmly welcomed by those to whom 
he came thus accredited. He was already 
a landowner in Pennsylvania, for before 
leaving England he and Samuel Levis had 
jointly purchased 1,000 acres of land, as 
attested by deeds of lease and release of 
date August 9-10, 1684. This land was 
located in Willistown township, and before 
his death was divided, 556 acres being as- 
sessed to himself. It is worthy of note that 
a portion of this original tract was in the 
ownership of Albin Garrett at the time of 
his death. 

From the time William Garrett settled in 
Pennsylvania, members of the family have 
been known as active, enterprising, law- 
abiding citizens. Some served the State as 
legislators, and in minor offices, and all took 
a lively interest in the general welfare. 
They were soon so widely scattered, that 
their blood flows in countless families of 
other names as well as their own. 

Of this relationship and so descended, 
was Robert Garrett, who married, Novem- 
ber 18, 1812, Albina, daughter of Jesse and 
Rachel Hoopes, and to them was born a son, 
Albin Garrett, the father of Albin Garrett, 
the subject of this narrative. His birth oc- 
curred April 22, 1844. at the Willistown 
homestead, on Ridley creek, near the power 
house of the Philadelphia & West Chester 
railway, the land having been derived from 
the Garrett farm, upon which was located 
"the Indian orchard" which had been occu- 
pied by the Okehocking tribe, and who had 
been removed westward under the direction 
of \Villiam Penn. In and about this his- 
toric spot, surrounded by wooded hills en- 
circling the stream which moved the mills 
of his father and grandfather, Albin Gar- 
rett passed his youth, in industrious pur- 
suits, youthful sports, and with ambitious 



729 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGILAPHY 



aspirations. His wish was for a liberal edu- 
cation, and he became a student at the West- 
town School and Haverford College, from 
both of which he graduated — from the lat- 
ter at the age of twenty years. His college 
contemporaries spoke of him as a grave 
and rather reserved youth, intent upon his 
studies, full and accurate in his recitations; 
with powers of generalization, analysis and 
logical acumen that made him of mark as a 
reasoner. 

His first three years after leaving college 
were given to clerical work, in which he 
laid the foundations for his subsequent 
active and useful career. In 1867, in con- 
junction with Hon. Wayne MacVeagh and 
others, he formed the banking house of 
Kirk, ]\Iac\'eagh & Co. This property was 
subsequently sold to the Brandywine Bank, 
and after various transmutations now ex- 
ists in the present Farmers and Mechanics 
Trust Company of West Chester. After 
leaving the bank, Mr. Garrett was for some 
years engaged in mercantile business in 
Philadelphia and New York. During a por- 
tion of this time he resided at Englewood 
Cliflf, on the Palisades of the Hudson ; here 
his life was idyllic, and in after years he 
took delight in recalling its memories. Here 
he met a number of prominent New York- 
ers, who were not long in recognizing and 
appreciating his sterling worth. It was while 
he was thus pleasantly situated, that a num- 
ber of gentlemen, none of them known to Mr. 
Garrett, organized the India Refining Com- 
pany and proffered the presidency to him, 
and he agreed upon acceptance, on condi- 
tion that the plant should be removed from 
Chicago to Philadelphia. So great was 
their confidence in Mr. Garrett and so de- 
sirable were his services esteemed, that they 
gave their consent, the removal was made, 
and the business was established at McKean 
and Swanson .streets. To Mr. Garrett was 
given entire charge, and he gave to it his 
undivided attention, occupying the position 
of pre-^ident until his death. To use the 



words of a friend who was his biographer : 
"At the time he assumed control of the 
company, he had the esteem of the board 
of directors ; at the time he died, he had 
won their love — nor theirs, alone, but that 
of the company's humblest employee, who 
believed that the president of the India Re- 
fining Company was his friend, and he was 
right. Mr. Garrett was always willing to 
listen to complaints ; always ready to 
remedy abuses, if any existed; in short, was 
anxious to assist his employees in any way 
compatible with the duties of his office." 

The India Refining Company was a pio- I 
neer in the manufacture of edible vegetable 
butters from cocoanuts and similar fruits. 
Through Mr. Garrett's able management 
and far-sighted business policy, the com- 
pany came to be the largest of its class in 
America, if not in the world. Its products 
are not only used throughout the United 
States and Canada, but are exported in 
large quantities to probably every market 
open to American commerce. 

Aside from his large business obligations, J 
Mr. Garrett gave active and intelligent at- j 
tention to public aft'airs, and entirely with- 
out self-seeking, for he was absolutely with- 
out political aspirations. As a rule, he was 
a firm believer in Republican principles and 
policies, but when these were not adhered 
to, he acted independently, and for many 
}ears was known as an Independent Repub- 
lican. In 1905, when the domination of 
bosses in State and county was so notorious 
that it was characterized by Elihu Root as 
" a corrupt and criminal combination mas- 
querading as Republicans," he revolted, and 
consented to act as committeeman for the 
Republican party from his township of 
Thornbury. There was then a question as 
to the right of using the name "Republican," 
because of certain irregularities, and this he 
determined to sift to tlie bottom. When 
the county convention assembled in West 
Chester, in the fall of nx>5. he was made 
temporary chairman and then permanent 



730 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR-\PHY 



cliaiiuian, in which capacity, with the aid of 
otliers, he instituted proceedings which were 
finally carried to the Supreme Court. The 
decision in that body was adverse, where- 
upon Mr. Garrett and his colleagues formed 
"tiie Lincoln Party." I'oUowing the con- 
vention, a meeting was held in West Ches- 
ter, to endorse the course taken by Mr. Gar- 
rett and his colleagues, where approving 
si^eeches were made by Charles Emory 
Smith, editor of the "Philadelphia Press"; 
Mr. Henry C. Niles, of York, Pennsylvania, 
and Hon. Wayne AlacVcagh. A pungent 
address was also delivered by Mr. Garrett. 
In closing he said: "It is fitting, eminently 
fitting, that on this fiftieth anniversary day 
of the Republican party in this State, that 
we celebrate the emancipation of the 'White' 
Republicans of Chester County." His bit- 
ing irony and bitter arraignment of political 
bosses was enthusiastically applauded, and 
from that time until his death, he was the 
leader of the reform movement in Chester 
county, and it was largely through his un- 
tiring effort that the Republican organiza- 
tion was forced to hold primaries according 
to law, and otherwise to curb tendencies to 
treat public office as a personal perquisite, 
in the award of which the people were to 
have no voice. Mr. Garrett was a warm 
personal friend of Hon. William H. Berry 
(afterward Collector of the Port of Phila- 
delphia), and in the bitter fight which re- 
sulted in the election of that gentleman as 
State Treasurer, Mr. Garrett took an active 
part, and it was largely due to his effort 
that Chester county gave Mr. Berry a 
largely increased majority. In the guber- 
natorial contest of 1906. Mr. Garrett aided 
in forming a coalition of the Democratic 
and Lincoln parties, and carried Chester 
county. The Lincoln party (generally 
called Independents), was practically dor- 
mant until 1910, when it became the nucleus 
of the "Keystone party," and made its 
weight felt. Mr. Garrett was about this 
time a member of the State Executive 



Board, and he aided largely in bringing 
about the election of Mr. Rudolph Blanken- 
burgh as mayor, on a ticket opposed to the 
"Contractor Rule." 

Mr. Garrett was an ardent admirer and 
warm supporter of Colonel Roosevelt, and 
as a member of the executive board of the 
Washington party rendered efficient service 
in the last presidential campaign, and he 
was deeply chagrined at the defeat of his 
friend. In the same campaign, at the Key- 
stone Convention, held in Philadelphia, the 
nomination for Congressman-at-large was 
absolutely forced upon him. He had no 
taste for public life, and finally accepted, 
only out of his lofty convictions of duty. 
His ticket was defeated, but so great was 
the estimation in which he was held, that he 
polled 30,000 more votes than any of his 
fellow candidates — a striking evidence of 
his recognition as a man of worth and ster- 
ling integrity. This practically was the end 
of his active public career. 

For many years prior to his death, his 
reputation as a man of aft'airs and an ideal 
citizen, was State-wide. His honesty of 
purpose and wisdom of judgment were such 
that his opinion upon both business and 
public aft'airs was eagerly sought after, and 
was appreciated and depended upon. In 
person, he was a striking personality, and 
passersby frequently turned to admire him. 
A large man, fully six feet in height, and 
of portly build, he was fastidious in his 
dress, and seemed moulded into it. As a 
speaker, he was fluent and forceful : his 
commanding appearance and easy manner 
held an audience to closest attention. In 
his intercourse with his fellows, he was the 
personification of consideration and kindly 
sympathy. No deserving person ever ap- 
pealed to him in vain. He acted steadfastly 
upon his chief motto: "Do something for 
somebody." His encouraging words and 
wholesome advice gave strength ant! com- 
fort to many a heart. If assistance was 
needed, it was aft'orded cheerfullv and gen- 



731 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGILAPHY 



erously, and few knew the extent of his 
benefactions except those who were the re- 
cipients. 

Mr. Garrett was married, Xovember 24, 
1885, in VVest Chester, to Mary Hiclonan 
Ebbs (widow), daughter of Wellington and 
Jane E. (Osborne) Hickman. Upon his 
return from Englewood Clifif to Chester 
county, he purchased the Hickman home- 
stead in Thornbury township. It was a 
place dear to Mrs. Garrett as the home of 
her girlhood ; it had been in the family for 
more than a century and Mr. Garrett loved 
it for its associations. Known as "Fair 
Acres," standing on a gentle eminence 
crowned with ancient trees, the house cov- 
ered with ivy, it seems to transport the be- 
holder back to colonial days. Visitors well 
remember the spacious hall, wide as a twen- 
tieth century drawing room, with the old 
■'grandfather's clock" in the corner, old 
enough to have struck the hours when the 
battle of Brandywine was fought; the broad 
stairway ; the pleasant dwelling rooms, with 
their treasures of rare antique furniture 
and curios, gathered during many visits to 
foreign lands. This home was Mr. Gar- 
rett's constant delight. As some one has 
remarked, "A man is to be judged by his 
home life," and in the light of this utter- 
ance, how much might be said of Mr. Gar- 
rett. Xo mother ever had a more affec- 
tionate .son ; no wife a more devoted hus- 
band. Every movement political or social, 
was interestingly discussed with her. Only 
on the most urgent and important occasions 
would he leave her even for a single night, 
and then he would return at the earliest 
possible moment. Frequently, after ad- 
dressing an audience in a far distant town, 
in inclement weather which involved dis- 
comfort and danger to health, he would re- 
turn home in spite of the protests of his 
friends. In return, Mrs. Garrett bestowed 
upon him a love that knew no relaxation. 
During his last illness she scarcely left his 
side; the importunity of friends availed 



nothing, and she could scarcely be compelled 
to take food or rest. 

The death of Mr. Garrett occurred Feb- 
ruary 27, 1913. The high estimation in 
which he was held throughout the State was 
evidenced by the many kindly messages 
sent to him during his last illness, and to 
his widow after his death, by men of 
national distinction, including Hon. Wayne 
Mac\'eagh, formerly Attorney-General of 
the United States, and his business partner 
long years before; Hon. Walter H. Page, 
Minister to England ; Hon. William H. 
Berry, collector of the Port of Philadel- 
phia; Hon. Rudolph Blankenburgh, mayor 
of Philadelphia ; Isaac Sharpless, LL. D., 
president of Haverford College; J. B. Ken- 
dall, LL. D., president of Lincoln Univer- 
sity; Mr. H. H. Gilkyson. a distinguished 
member of the Chester county bar; and 
many others. The epitaph of such a man 
might well be that of one of the world's 
great humanitarians : 

"Servant of God, well done; 

They serve Him well, who serve his creatures." 



HAY, Thomas A. H., 

lieading Transportation Official. 

One of the most successful and enter- 
prising "Captains of Industry" to be found 
in Easton, Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, is Thomas A. H. Hay, who is at the 
head and has been the leading spirit in many 
of the most important undertakings in that 
section of the country. Possessed of 
executive ability and foresight to large de- 
gree, Mr. Hay lays his plans carefully, giv- 
ing due attention to the veriest detail, and 
success is an assured fact. 

He is a descendant in a direct line of the 
Elarl of Erroll, one of whose younger sons. 
Colonel Malcolm Hay, espousing the wrong 
political side in Scotland had to flee to save 
himself. This young Colonel Malcolm Hay 
was born in Scotland, and fled to Germany 



732 




^^^^yfi^/^aJ^i 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



after a series of political reverses. He 
served with honor in the army of his 
aidopted country, and setthng at Svvei- 
briiecken, Bavaria, married a young German 
woman. They had a son, Melchior. 

Melchior Hay came to America with his 
two brothers in 1738, and settled on the 
lajid on which South Easton is now located. 
He purchased twenty-six acres of land in 
1771, of Israel Morris, of Philadelphia, and 
a few months later, in the same year, bought 
three hundred and seventy-five acres from 
Peter Ru.sh and his wife, all of this land 
being a part of the ten thousand acres 
originally owned by William Penn. In the 
column opposite the assessment of Mr. 
Hay's property are the words "no quit," 
showing that he bought the property in fee 
simple. Mr. Hay sold this land in 1796, 
and it then passed through various hands, 
and was used for farming purposes until the 
completion of the Lehigh canal. This Mr. 
Hay was a man of much public spirit, and 
donated a large lot and burying ground to 
the Reformed Church, still known as Hay's 
Chapel and Hay's burying ground. During 
the trying revolutionary period, Melchior 
Hay was elected among the first a member 
of the Committee of Safety, and did most 
efficient work. He was captain of a com- 
pany of one hundred and four men raised 
in Williams township. His patriotic spirit 
was transmitted to his descendants, and 
many of them earned distinction in the war 
of 1812. the Mexican war, the civil and 
the Spanish-American wars. At the close 
of the revolution, Mr. Hay purchased a 
large farm in the locality called Drylands, 
west of Easton, and much of this property 
is still in the hands of his direct descendants. 

Melchior, a son of Captain Melchior Hay, 
married, and had children: Abraham 
Horn, Peter, Melchior, George, Charles, 
John and Anna. 

Abraham Horn, son of the second Mel- 
chior Hay, married and had children : 
Peter, Andrew J., Thomas J., Jacob, 
George, Charles and Mary, all of Easton. 



Captain Jacob Hay, son of Abraliam 
Horn Hay, was one of the most successful 
merchants in Easton. As the head of the 
dry goods house of J. Hay & Sons, and of 
Hapgood, Hay & Company's wholesale boot 
and shoe house, he displayed excellent busi- 
ness ability, and was progressive in bis 
methods. He became the owner of vast 
quantities of real estate in Easton. He pur- 
chased large tracts, partly within and partly 
outside of the city limits, his idea being to 
set it apart as a place for suburban res- 
idences of high grade. He donated much 
land to the public, after improving it, and 
laid out numerous private drives and walks 
at great expense, and threw these open to 
the public. Mr. Hay married, in 1854, 
Annie, a daughter of Alexander Wilson Sr., 
and they had children : Thomas A. H., 
whose name heads this sketch; Annie W., 
who marxied Hon. Asa W. Dickinson, 
collector of the Port of Jersey City, New 
Jersey; Ida Wilson and William O. 

Thomas A. H. Hay was born in Easton, 
Pennsylvania, July 1, 1855. He attended 
the public schools of Easton and was grad- 
uated from the high school in the class of 
1872, after which he matriculated at La- 
fayette College, and was graduated from 
this institution in the class of 1S76. He 
had been an earnest student, and close ap- 
plication had somewhat impaired his health, 
so that it was deemed advisable that he 
spend some time in the west. Accordingly, 
with his school chum, Russell B. Harrison, 
a son of the late President Harrison, he 
went to Montana, long before the Northern 
Pacific railroad was finished, and while 
game was still plentiful in that region. 
While in Montana, Mr. Hay served as as- 
sistant superintendent in the Helena Assay 
Office. At the end of three years, with his 
health perfectly restored, Mr. Hay returned 
to Easton, where he established himself in 
business as a merchant and real estate 
dealer. He was appointed United States 
Postage Stamp Agent at New York in 1889, 
and had charge of the distribution of post- 



733 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



age stamps to all post offices in the United 
States until the change in the administration 
in 1893. Mt. Hay is justly proud of being 
the originator of the first Commemorative 
or Jubilee Stamp issued by this government, 
the Columbian issue, and since then his ideas 
have been followed by succeeding adminis- 
trations in the various commemorative is- 
sues. 

In August, 1895, in association with his 
brother, he established the Easton Power 
Company, of Pennsylvania and New Jer- 
sey, the first hydro-electric plant in his 
section of the country, and was elected pres- 
ident of this corporation. In 1897 Hay 
Brothers constructed the first Interurban 
street railway in that region, this running 
from Easton to Bethlehem ; two years later, 
one from Easton to Nazareth; in 1901, one 
from Easton to Bangor; in 1903, one from 
Phillipsburg to Washington, New Jersey; 
and it is now in contemplation to construct 
a road to Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey, 
thus connecting the entire Lehigh Valley 
with New York by trolley. In 1904, in as- 
sociation with other residents of Easton and 
Stroudsburg, Mr. Hay constructed the 
Delaware Valley railroad from Strouds- 
bury to Bushkill, and Mr. Hay was elected 
its first vice-president. In 1899 Mr. Hay 
and his brother, William O., bought the 
Easton Fair grounds, developed them along 
practical and original lines, and at the pres- 
ent time this is one of the finest residential 
sections of Easton. A partial list of the 
official business positions held by Mr. Hay 
is as follows: Director of the Easton, 
Palmer & Bethlehem Street Railway Com- 
pany, organized in 1896; president of the 
Easton & Nazareth Street Railway Com- 
panv, 1898 : director of the Easton, Tatamy 
& Bangor Street Railway Company, 1899 ; 
director of the Slate Belt Street Railway 
Company, 1899; director of the Easton & 
Washington Traction Company, 1902; presi- 
dent of the Northampton Traction Com- 
pany, T903 : and director of the Mont- 
gomery Traction Company, 1904. In 1905. 



at its incorporation, he became a director in 
the Wahnetah Silk Company of Catasaqua, 
Pennsylvania. 

Of an intensely patriotic nature, Mr. Hay 
served as a member and second sergeant in 
Company C, Fourth Regiment, National 
Guard of Pennsylvania, throughout the 
memorable strikes in 1877, which threatened 
such danger to the community, and the State 
in general. He was always an Independent 
Republican in his political affiliations, later 
a Progressive. Mr. Hay has been promi- 
nently identified with all the progressive 
movements and legislation suggested by lus 
personal friend. Colonel Theodore Roose- 
velt. He was a member in 1912-13 of the 
Republican State Committee to draft bills 
putting into effect the live questions of the 
day, notably the Public Service Commission, 
Workman's Compensation, Employers' Lia- 
bility, Woman's Hours of Labor and Mini- 
mum Wage, Children's Hours of Labor, 
Primary Elections, and Pure Elections Law. 
His religious membership is with the Pres- 
byterian church. His fraternal association 
is an extended one. being as follows : Eas- 
ton Lodge, No. 152, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Easton Chapter, No. 173, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Hugh de Payens Commandery, 
No. 19, Knights Templar; the Quatuor 
Coronati Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of London, England ; Easton Lodge, 
No. 121, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; the Quaint and Zeta Psi clubs, of 
New York ; the Art Club, of Philadelphia ; 
and the Pomfret Club, of Easton. For 
many years, the leisure time of Mr. Hay 
has been devoted to music, and he has 
served as president of the Orpheus Society 
of Easton for almost a quarter of a cen- 
tury. While he has never spent any time in 
foreign travel, Mr. Hay has been in almost 
every State and territory of the United 
States, and has visited every province of 
Canada and Labrador with the exception 
of Prince Edward's Island. 

Mr. Hay married Helen M.. eldest daugh- 
ter of the late Major-General Thomas H. 
■34 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ruger, United States Army, and their three 
children now living are: Helen Ruger, who 
was graduated from Wilson College; Anna 
Ruger, who was graduated from the 
Woman's College, of Baltimore, Maryland, 
now known as Goucher College ; Ruger Nel- 
son, who was graduated from Lafayette 
College in 1906, and is now a mining engi- 
neer at Calumet, Arizona. They were all 
born in Easton. 



WATERS, Bertram Howard, 

Fbysloian, Professional Instructor. 

The evolution of a modern scientist whose 
life work has been devoted largely to the 
task of alleviating the horrors of the great 
"White Plague" shows the wonderful tran- 
sitions that may occur in the history of any 
family or individual during a few genera- 
tions. The life history of Dr. Bertram 
Howard Waters illustrates in a remarkable 
manner the changes that have been wrought 
from the primitive type of early New Eng- 
land settlers, who were farmers and black- 
smitlis, to the man of scientific attainments 
who has won distinction in the medical pro- 
fession. 

He is a lineal descendant from the Rich- 
ard Waters who came to America in 1635- 
1636 with Richard Plaise, a gunsmith, and 
settled at Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
where he received a grant of land, 22nd day, 
3rd month, 1636, in Salem. He was the son 
of James Waters, an iron monger of Lon- 
don, and himself a gunsmith by trade. He 
was made freeman in 1639, wrote his will 
dated i6th July, 1676, and died before 28th. 
9th month, 1677, when his will was proved 
by witnesses in open court at Salem. He 
married Rejoici Plaise, daughter of Wil- 
liam Plaise, the gunsmith, in England, who 
survived him ; had issue, ten children. 

John Waters, son of Richard and Re- 
joice (Plaise) Waters, was born in Salem, 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, 27th day, 9th 
month, 1640. He settled in that part of 
Salem called North Fields, on Waters river. 



named for him, near Governor Endicott's 
farm ; was a well-to-do farmer, and died 
there early in 1707-08. His v;4\ dated Feb- 
ruary 14, 1706-07, was proved March i, 
1707-08. He married Sara Tompkins, 
daughter of Jolm Tompkins, August 15, 
1663, in Salem, and had ten children. 

Samuel Waters, son of John and Sara 
(Tompkins) Waters, was born May 6, 1675, 
and baptized July 14, 1678, in Salem. He 
moved to Woburn, ten miles from Boston, 
but later went to Easton, Bristol county, 
Massachusetts Bay, where he married Miss 
Turrill, but died soon afterward, leaving 
one child, Samuel. His widow married 
(second) Nathaniel Maudley, of Easton, 
and had issue by him, ten children. 

Samuel Waters, son of Samuel and 

(Turrill) Waters, was born at Easton, 
Bristol county, Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
and died at Stoughton, Massachusetts, about 
1750. His will was proved August 28, 
1750, at Stoughton; and named his son 
Daniel and his wife as executors. He mar- 
ried Bethyah Thayer, who, as widow of 
Samuel Waters, died before January, 1759, 
leaving surviving issue. 

Zebulon Waters, son of Samuel and 
Bethyah (Thayer) W'aters, was born about 
January, 1735. probably at Stoughton, 
IMassachusetts. He lived at Stoughton and 
was a land owner among the early settlers 
of that place. Also, he was one of the 
soldiers who assisted Colonel Winslow to 
removed the Acadians on May 28, 1755, 
from that region, as did also his brother, 
Daniel \\'aters. He died there May 29, 
1790. aged fifty-five years and about four 
months. He married Allis Bradford, tenth 
child of Elisha Bradford, by his second 
wife, Bethshua Le Brocke, September 21, 
1757, at .Stoughton, Massachusetts. She 
was born November 3, 1734, died July 6, 
1795, granddaughter of Joseph Bradford, 
who was the youngest son of Governor Wil- 
liam Bradford, of Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, by Alice Southworth. his second 
wife. They had ten children. 



735 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Asa Waters, son of Zebulon and Allis 
(Bradford) Waters, was born February 
II, 1760, at Stoughton, Massachusetts. 
He owned land in the southwest corner 
of Norfolk county, immediately adjoin- 
ing that of his father at Stoughton, Mas- 
sachusetts. He served in the Revolu- 
tionary War from Stoughton. According 
to the official records of Massachusetts 
Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Rev- 
olution, volume xvi, page 693, his service 
was as follows: "Waters, Asa, Stoughton. 
Descriptive list of men raised in Suffolk Co. 
to reinforce the Continental Army, agree- 
able to resolve of June 9, 1779; Capt. Tal- 
but's CO., Col. Gill's regt. ; age 19 yrs. ; 
stature 5 ft. 8 in. ; hair light ; eyes, gray, ; 
occupation, husbandman ; nationality, Amer- 
ican; residence, Stoughton; engaged for 
towm of Stoughton ; reported delivered to 
Capt. L. Bailey; also list of men returned 
as received of Maj. Stephen Badlam, 
Superintendent for Suffolk Co.. by Justin 
Ely, Commissioner, certified at Springfield, 
Sept. 20, 1779." In a memorandum of serv- 
ice made by himself, which has been pre- 
served, it appears that he did other service ; 
and he with others marched to West Point, 
New York, in 1779, vi^here he was among 
the troops inspected by Baron Steuben. He 
died in 1845, aged about eighty-five years. 
Married (first) Lydia, daughter of Joseph 
Smith, of Stoughton, November 10, 1785. 
She was born January 10, 1763; and died 
June 22, 1809. He married twice after her 
death, but there were no children as issue 
of either subsequent wife. 

Oren Waters, son of Asa and Lydia 
(Smith) Waters, was born November 6, 
1788, at Stoughton, Massachusetts. He and 
his brother, Asa Waters, manufactured 
shovels and other tools at Easton, Mass- 
achusetts; and they, together with Oliver 
Ames, "built a cotton factory there, not far 
from the shovel factory." After a few 
years they sold their interest and Asa 
Waters moved to Troy, New York, where 
he started a shovel factory near the mouth 



of the Mohawk river ; and Oren Waters 
went on to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Oren 
Waters set up the first tilt-hammer in Pitts- 
burgh, and introduced the press for stamp- 
ing the shovels into shape; also the fan- 
blast forge for increasing the forge fires. 
Later Asa Waters came on to Pittsburgh, 
and the two brothers engaged in the manu- 
facture of shovels, picks, and other tools, 
on an extensive scale ; and were the earliest 
manufacturers of such articles in Pitts- 
burgh. He married Juliet Harris, of 
Harrisville, Butler county, Pennsylvania, 
June 8, 1820, in Butler county, Pennsyl- 
vania. She was born April 21, 1798, in 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania, died May 
10, 1872, at Jumonville, Fayette county. 
Pennsylvania. Children: i. Lydia Waters, 
born February 22, 1822, at Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania ; died unmarried. 2. Asa H. 
Waters, born March 4, 1824, at Pittsburgh, 
married, October 6, 1855, Hannah C. Steck. 
3. Samuel E. Waters, born August 20, 
1827; married, June 18, 1850, Ann M. 
Shaeffer. 4. Anna M. Waters, born August 

17, 1830; married, March 19, 1863, James 
A. Smith. 5. Oren E. Waters, born March 

18, 1833; married (first) June 21, 1855, 
Mary E. Maynard ; (second) November i, 
1870, Esther A. Trask. 6. James Q. 
Waters, born September 16, 1835 ; married, 
October 15, 1861, Annie C. Price. 7. Wil- 
liam Webster Waters, of whom further. 8. 
Mary Ellen Waters, born October 5, 1840; 
married. November 25, 1865, Edward M. 
Brooks. 

William Webster Waters, son of Oren 
and Juliet (Harris) Waters, was born June 
10, 1838, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 
early years of his life were spent in his na- 
tive city, and at New Brighton, in which 
last place he attended the public schools; 
and where at about sixteen years of age he 
secured a position as clerk in a book store, 
where he was enabled to continue his edu- 
cational work by an extended course of 
reading. He not only thoroughly learned 
the business, but developed into a well edu- 



7.<^ 



i.!23GSi3L 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cated man, having a wide and varied ac- 
quaintance with current literature. He was 
employed by John S. Davidson from 1853 
to i860, then by his successor, R. S. Davis, 
until 1870, when he resigned to become 
superintendent of the Presbyterian Book 
Store of Pittsburgh, which became his 
principal life work. The last mentioned 
business association continued from 1870 to 
the time of his death. His life was dis- 
tinguished by his eminent Christian virtues, 
and by devotion to his church and family. 
He died March 28, 1905, at Sewickley, 
Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh. He 
married Elizabeth Loring Critchlow, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Benjamin C. and Eunice 
(Hatch) Critchlow, June 24, 1863, at New 
Brighton, Pennsylvania. She was born Sep- 
tember 21, 1839, at Slippery Rock, Pennsyl- 
vania, and resided at Sewickley, near Pitts- 
burgh. Pennsylvania. Children : Evangeline 
Waters, born May, 1864, died in infancy; 
Bertram Howard Waters, of whom further ; 
Daisy Waters, died in infancy; May Waters, 
born May, 1869, died in infancy; Elizabeth 
Loring Waters, born February 21, 1874, 
married, June 12, 1895, Hon. Richard Rob- 
erts Quay, and had issue. 

Dr. Bertram Howard Waters, son of Wil- 
liam Webster and Elizabeth Loring (Critch- 
low) Waters, was born September 4. 1867, 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Was educated 
at Sewickley Academy, Sewickley, Pennsyl- 
vania ; and at Princeton University, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey, from which he graduated 
in 1889, as A. B. In 1889-90 he was biolog- 
ical fellow at Princeton University; studied 
medicine at the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, 
and graduated therefrom as M. D. in 1893. 
The same year he received the M. A. degree 
from Princeton University. He was ap- 
pointed interne at the Presbyterian Hospital, 
New York City, and served from 1893 to 
1895; also from August to October, 1895, 
was interne of the Sloan Maternity Hospital 
of New York City. He traveled and studied 



in Europe from December, 1895, to June, 
1896; and since that time has been engaged 
in the practice of medicine, clinical and 
special biological work, in New York City. 
From 1896 to 1901 he was engaged in clin- 
ical work at the Vanderbilt Clinic, and the 
Presbyterian Hospital Clinic ; was appointed 
bacteriologist of the New York City De- 
partment of Health in 1901 ; and in 1906 
was made assistant chief of the Division 
of Communicable Diseases, and chief of 
Tuberculosis Clinics. In 1908 he was ap- 
pointed lecturer of the New York State De- 
partment of Health, and made clinical as- 
sistant and instructor in the Department of 
Phthiso-Therapy, at the Post-Graduate 
Hospital, New York. In 1913, following 
the reorganization of the Department of 
Health by bureaus, was made chief of the 
Tuberculosis Division of the Bureau of 
Infectious Diseases for New York City. 
He is a member of the American Medical 
.Association, of the National Association for 
the Prevention of Tuberculosis, and of the 
Harvey Society, also of the New York State 
Medical Society, and of the New York 
County Medical Society ; member of the 
Princeton and the University clubs of New 
York City. 

He married Jessica Howard Buck, daugh- 
ter of Jerome and Kate (McGrath) Buck, 
September 4, 1906. at St. Ignatius Church, 
New York City. She was born November 
17, 1877, in Lexington, Kentucky, and is 
descended from Kate McGrath, of Mc- 
Grathiana, near Lexington. 



SEIBERT, William A., 

Physician, Prominent in Public Instlta- 
tions. 

Dr. William A. Seibert, one of the most 
prominent and most skillful physicians of 
Easton, a man respected and loved by all 
who know him, is a worthy representative 
of a large and influential family that has 
long been located in the State of Pennsyl- 



7}:i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vania, performing well their part in the 
various communities in which they have 
made their homes. 

Dr. William A. Seibert, son of Owen and 
Matilda (Miller) Seibert, was born Feb- 
ruary lo, 1859. After attending the public 
schools of Easton, he prepared for college 
at Stevens Institute, from which he was 
graduated in 1876, and at Trach's (Easton) 
Academy, whose course he completed in 
1878. In 1882 he was graduated from La- 
fayette College with first honor and the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. The same insti- 
tution later also honored him with the de- 
gree of Master of Arts. He received his 
medical training at Boston University, from 
which he was graduated in 1885 with first 
honor and the degree of Doctor of Med- 
icine. After serving as house surgeon of 
the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Hospital, 
Boston, in which position he obtained the 
extended experience that has proved so 
helpful a factor in the success of his sub- 
sequent career, he located in Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, where he is now engaged in the 
active practice of his profession. His skill 
and ability in the diagnosis and the treat- 
ment of disease, and his comprehensive 
knowledge of the various departments of 
his chosen profession, have gained him the 
good will and the confidence of his fellow 
practitioners and a very liberal patronage 
from the public. In addition to his ex- 
tensive practice, he is a member, by appoint- 
ment of the Governor of Pennsylvania, of 
the board of trustees of the Pennsylvania 
State Hospital for the Insane, at Allentown, 
a member of the advisory board of Hahne- 
mann Medical College and Hospital of 
Philadelphia, and a member of the consult- 
ing stafT of the State Hospital at Allen- 
town and of the Public Hospital of Easton. 
He is the author of many monographs and 
papers which have been read before various 
societies and published in numerous maga- 
zines. Dr. Seibert is furthermore a member 
of the American Institute of Homeopathy ; 
of the Pennsylvania State Homeopathic 



Medical Society, of which he was president 
in 1905 ; of the Leliigh Valley Homeopathic 
Medical Society, of which he is an ex-pres- 
ident; of the Lehigh Yalley Medical Club; 
and an honorary associate member of the 
New Jersey State Homeopathic Medical 
Society, as well as honorary member of 
various local and county societies. He is 
also a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society, the Historical Society of North- 
ampton County, the Northampton County 
Country Club, and the Pomfret Club of 
Easton. In his college affiliations he is a 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa fraternity, 
and a member of the board of trustees of 
the Delta Tau fraternity at Lafayette Col- 



DILTHEY, William Jacob, 

Architect, Man of Affairs. 

Germany has furnished the L^nited States 
of America with many citizens whose de- 
scendants have become distinguished as 
artisans, tradesmen, and in the professions. 
Charles Frederick (or August) Dilthey 
came to this country in an old-time sailing 
vessel, and left descendants who have since 
distinguished and honored the name. He 
was born near Berlin, in the Kingdom of 
Prussia, about 1838, and died in 1901, near 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He served his 
allotted time in the Prussian army before 
coming to America. His early ancestors 
were Scotch. He learned the trade of up- 
holsterer and harnessmaker in the army, and 
followed the trade of upholsterer and dec- 
orator in Philadelphia. He finally settled 
on a farm near Three Tuns, Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, where he lived during 
the latter years of his life. He married 
Elizabeth Helen Hess, who came to Amer- 
ica from Germany in early life with her 
brothers. 

William Jacob Dilthey, son of Charles 
Frederick (or August) and Elizabeth Helen 
(Hess) Dilthey, was born February 17, 
1867, at Three Tuns, Upper Dublin town- 



-38 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ship, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
about seventeen miles north of Philadelphia, 
in a log cabin there standing and which 
dated back to Revolutionary days of "76." 
He received elementary instruction in the 
public schools of his native village, then at- 
tended the Central High School of Phila- 
delphia. He studied architecture for two 
years at the Spring Garden Institute of 
Philadelphia. While taking this course he 
studied at night and worked at the trade of 
builder by day, in order to pay expenses, 
and at the same time secure a practical 
training for his chosen vocation. In 1892 
he came to New York City and secured em- 
ployment as draftsman in the office of Rich- 
ard M. Hunt, an architect. He was also 
employed in the office of De Lemos & 
Cordes, architects and engineers, and while 
thus employed assisted in the preparation 
of plans for the Vanderbilt Mansion on the 
Biltmore estate, near Asheville, North Caro- 
lina, and on both the Astor and Vanderbilt 
mansions of New York City, and was also 
with C. H. Gilbert, Van Campen Taylor, 
arcliitects, in New York City. 

In 1896 he opened an office and began 
his professional career under his own name, 
with an office at No. 1-3 Union Square 
West, New York City, and has achieved 
considerable success in his vocation. He 
designed and supervised the construction 
of a fourteen-story mercantile building at 
Nos. 547-555 Broadway, New York City, 
for Charles Broadway Rouss, in 1900, and 
in 1907-08 a fifteen-story mercantile build- 
ing at Nos. 123-125 Mercer street, New 
York City, for Peter Winchester Rouss. 
He planned and remodelled a residence for 
William Floyd Jones, at Massapequa, Long 
Island, New York ; designed and erected 
one for F. Taylor Pusey, at Lansdowne, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania ; and a fine 
mansion for Peter Winchester Rouss, in 
the Prospect Park section of Brooklyn, New 
York. A few years ago he planned the de- 
sign upon which the historical old Lutheran 
Church at Upper Dublin, Pennsylvania, was 



rebuilt ; he designed the plans and dec- 
orations for the Epiphany Church, of Ster- 
ling Place, Brooklyn, New York; the St. 
Mark's Church, at Jamaica, Long Island ; the 
Church of the Advent, in Flatbush, Long 
Island ; the Church of the Good Shepherd, 
at South Ozone Park, Long Island ; and has 
just completed the enlargement and re- 
modelling of St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal 
Church, at Oyster Bay, Long Island. 

Mr. Dilthey is a Republican in politics ; 
has twice been nominated for assemblyman 
in the Second Assembly District of Brook- 
lyn by the Republicans, and endorsed by the 
Citizens Union, an independent organiza- 
tion, and while he has not been elected to 
office he has been instrumental in securing 
improved political conditions in his district. 
He was a member of the Upper Dublin 
Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania at his old 
home, and a communicant of St. Matthew's 
Lutheran and Calvary Church in Brooklyn. 
He is a member of the Central Branch 
Young Men's Christian Association, also 
president of the Central Branch Young 
Men's Christian Association Literary So- 
ciety, and was president of the Franklin 
Literary Society. He has traveled exten- 
sively in the south and west, and has made 
several trips to the mining regions of the 
south-west. He is president of the Arizona 
Copper Belt Mining Company, of Yavapai 
county, Arizona, a mining property that 
consists of three hundred acres of mineral 
lands in copper, gold and silver, which is 
under development. He is a member of the 
American Institute of Architects, Brooklyn 
Chapter; the Taxpayers Association of New 
York City, and the Young Republican Club 
of Brooklyn, New York, and is active in 
civic and public improvements for the com- 
mon welfare. 



LICHLITER, Marcellus Deaves, 
CleTfsyman, Litteratear. 

Marcellus Deaves Lichliter, educator, 
minister, author and lecturer, is descended 



739 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from good ancestral stock — German, Eng- 
lish and Scotch-Irish — grafted into New 
England Puritan stock. The name has been 
variously rendered: Lechleiter, Leichleider, 
Leichliter and Lichliter. It is composed of 
two German words — licht, meaning light, 
and leiter, meaning bearer or leader. 
Johann Conrad Lechleiter, of Bremen, Ger- 
many, was the founder of the Lichliter 
family in America. He took passage from 
Rotterdam, October 21, 1741, in the ship 
"Friendship," Alexander Thomas, master, 
and settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
from whence several branches migrated, 
settling in Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, 
Ohio, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas and Missouri. 

Jacob Lichliter, grandfather of this Mr. 
Lichliter, married a woman of Scotch-Irish 
descent, whose ancestors had distinguished 
themselves at the Battle of the Boyne. 
Among their nineteen children the third was 
Levi, who was one of the pioneer farmers 
of his section, an educator and a minister. 
He married Catherine Younkin, whose an- 
cestors, having supported Cromwell, were 
obligated to flee to this country to escape 
religious persecution, and found a home 
among the hills of New England. 

MarceUus Deaves Lichliter, second son of 
Levi and Catherine (Younkin) Lichliter, 
was born on a farm near New Lexington, 
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, April 10, 
1849. He attended the public and normal 
schools, and completed his education at 
Mount Union College, AlHance, Ohio. For 
several years he was engaged in teaching 
in the public schools, entering the ministry 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1872, 
in the Pittsburgh Annual Conference, and 
served for a period of twenty-eight years. 
Impaired health obliged him to retire from 
active ministerial service in 1900. During 
his effective service in the conference, he 
was statistician of that body for ten years. 
Since his retirement from the ministry he 
has filled the position of chief clerk in the 
Department of Agriculture of Pennsyl- 
vania, having been appointed to this office 



by Governor William A. Stone, and re- 
tained in office by all the governors of the 
State up to the present time. From his 
early manhood Mr. Lichliter was an en- 
thusiastic Republican, and has always been 
an active worker in the interests of that 
party. 

Mr. Lichliter has been prominently ident- 
ified with many fraternal organizations, and 
to some he has given much time and service. 
The first organization with which he became 
identified was the Independent Order of 
Good Templars, in 1869, and so inspired 
did he become by its teachings, that he has 
been an unrelenting foe of intoxicants and 
active in every temperance movement in the 
country. He united with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of which he is a past 
grand, and a member of the grand lodge, 
and he has lectured frequently in the in- 
terest of the order. He is a very active 
member of the Masonic fraternity, past 
master of Masons, eminent commander of 
Knights Templar (1914) and is a member 
of the grand lodge, and grand commandery, 
respectively, of each. He has attained to 
the thirty-second degree in the Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. 

It is, however, as a member and officer 
of the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics that Mr. Lichliter has been 
especially conspicuous and active. He was 
the first clergyman in his locality to rec- 
ognize the noble and lofty principles taught 
by this patriotic organization, and became 
an enthusiastic member, ever ready with 
voice and pen to advance the objects of the 
order. As a lecturer his services were in 
great demand, and he has been called into 
many States to address public meetings and 
to present flags and Bibles. Since his con- 
nection with the organization he has pre- 
sented to the public schools fifty Bibles and 
more than four hundred flags. He was 
elected state councilor of the State Council 
of Pennsylvania, Junior Order United 
American Mechanics, in 1896; became a 
member of the National Council in 1898; 



740 



ExNCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



served as chairman of the national legisla- 
tive committee for two years ; was elected 
national chaplain in 1901, and has been re- 
elected at each session of the body up to the 
present time. Mr. Lichliter has written 
four rituals for the order ; addressed twice 
the Congressional Committee on Immigra- 
tion in support of a restrictive measure on 
the subject of immigration; and in num- 
erous other ways has worked for the pass- 
age of legislation affecting the public 
schools. 

Mr. Lichliter is prominent in the field of 
literature as author and historian. For 
thirty years he has been a press corre- 
spondent of '"The American" and other 
journals, his contributions including the 
following : Compulsory Education ; Sec- 
tarian Appropriations ; The Bible in the 
Public .Schools ; Suitors of Columbia ; The 
Junior Order of United American Mechan- 
ics and Its Achievements ; The Perils of 
Columbia; The New Face at the Door; 
Patriotism in the Southland ; Washington, 
General, Statesman and Man ; The Magna 
Charta of American Liberty and Its Sign- 
ers ; Our Cherished Traditions ; The Pub- 
lic School System of Education ; The 
Junior Order United American Mechanics 
and What It Stands For ; Through the Mid- 
night to the Morn of Freedom — Valley 
Forge ; A Symposium on the American Flag ; 
Betsey Ross and the First Flag; The His- 
tory of the Flag; The Flag and the Public 
Schools ; and The Flag and What Is Stands 
For. 

He is a member of the following named 
historical associations : Western Pennsyl- 
vania Historical Society; National Geogra- 
phic Society of Washington, District of 
Columbia; Pennsylvania Federation of 
Historical Societies, of which he is the first 
vice-president, and will in 191 5 become 
president. Among the historical mono- 
graphs of which he is the author are the 
following: The Mound Builders, Massey 
Harbison, The Seven Guardian Angels of 
Columbia, General Henry Boquet, General 



Arthur St. Clair — A Nation's Ingratitude, 
Pioneer Life, Indian Chiefs of Western 
Pennsylvania, The Forts of Pittsburgh, The 
Battle of Monongahela, The First Settle- 
ments of Western Pennsylvania, The Crog- 
hans, Robert Fulton, Washington's First 
Battle — its Reflex Influence — Fort Neces- 
sity, Captain Sam Brady and His E.xploits, 
Hannastown — First Seat of Justice of 
Westmoreland County, The Battle of Bushy 
Run^ — its Reflex Influence, and others. He 
is also the author of two publications: 
History of the Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics and James Jackson 
Mcllyar — and Autobiography, and has in 
manuscript a comprehensive history relating 
to Western Pennsylvania, entitled "Foot- 
prints of Patriots and Landmarks of West- 
ern Penn.sylvania," which covers the period 
from the first coming of the white man until 
the opening of the nineteenth century. He 
anticipates the compilation of a similar 
volume relating to Eastern and Central 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Lichliter married, June 22, 1876, 
Mary Florence, a daughter of the Rev. 
James Jackson and Alice (Morris) Mc- 
llyar, of Butler, Pennsylvania. Children : 
I. Mcllyar Hamilton, who was graduated 
from the public schools, spent a short time 
in an academic course at Duquesne College, 
Pittsburgh, then two academic and three 
college years at Ohio Wesleyan University, 
Delaware. Ohio, and was graduated from 
the DePauw University, Greencastle, In- 
diana, in 19CX), with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. The last named university con- 
ferred the degree of Master of Arts upon 
him in 1903. He entered the ministry of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1900, 
and has served in important charges in 
Pennsylvania, New York and Missouri. 
At present he is in charge of Grace Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, Baltimore, Mary- 
land. He married, 1902, Gertrude, a 
daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J. M. Larimore, 
of Greenfield, Indiana ; has two children — 
Mary Florence and James Marcellus Lich- 



741 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



liter. 2. Alice Morris, who was graduated 
from the Pennsylvania College of Music, 
and was prominently engaged in musical 
work at Chautauqua and elsewhere. She 
married, 1905, A. Bradford Crooks, a mer- 
chant in Boise, Idaho. 



SNYDER, J. Frank, 

Iiaxpyer, Autlior. 

John Franklin Snyder, of New York 
City, was born at Clearfield, Pennsylvania, 
June 2^, 1855, and is a son of the late Henry 
Edward Snyder, of the same place. 

Balthazer Snyder, of German parentage, 
who died at New Berlin, Union county, 
Pennsylvania, July i, 1838, in the seventy- 
third year of his age, and Susanna, his wife, 
who died in 1845, in her eighty-third year, 
were his great-grandparents ; and their son, 
David Snyder, who was born in Union 
(now Snyder) county, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 4, 1800, and died July 23, 1891, and 
Catharine, his wife, who was born Novem- 
ber 7, 1804, and died April 20, 1890, were 
his grandparents. They had seven sons and 
four daughters, of whom Henry Edward 
Snyder above-named was the eldest. Balth- 
azer Snyder and his son David were farm- 
ers, and the Balthazer Snyder homestead 
near New Berlin, Pennsylvania, is still 
owned and occupied by a son of David 
Snyder, who is also a farmer. 

Henry Edward Snyder was born January 
31, 1827, on the Balthazer Snyder home- 
stead, and learned the trade of carriage 
smithing, and located at Clearfield, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1850, where he carried on his trade 
for about forty years, when he retired, en- 
joying the confidence and respect of the 
whole community until his death on January 
14, 1906. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Evangelical Lutheran church at 
Qearfield. He married, April 24, 1854, 
Louisa McPherson. daughter of John Mc- 
Pherson and his wife Margaret. John Mc- 
Pherson was born July 23, 1808, in Center 
county, Pennsylvania, and died November 
21, 1864, at Clearfield. His father, Thomas 



McPherson, son of Joseph McPherson, of 
Center county, was born June 25, 1776, and 
died April i, 1827, in Armstrong coimty, 
Pennsylvania. John McPherson was a tan- 
ner. Margaret McPherson, wife of John 
and a daughter of Benjamin Bloom, son of 
William Bloom, was born June 13, 1815, in 
Pike township, near Curwensville, Clear- 
field county, Pennsylvania, and died August 
16, 1852, at Clearfield. Her father, Ben- 
jamin Bloom, was one of the first settlers 
in Clearfield county, having come there with 
his parents in 1800 from Center county, and 
was born December 31, 1790, and died Au- 
gust 13, 1878, in Pike township, Clearfield 
county. He married Sallie McCIure, who 
was born October 20, 1792, and died Sep- 
tember 14, 1868. 

J. Frank Snyder, as he is most familiarly 
known, was educated in the private and pub- 
lic schools of his native town ; he attended 
the Clearfield Academy, and was graduated 
in 1876 from the Clearfield High School. 
In 1872 he was put at work in his father's 
carriage smithing shop, and worked there 
until the fall of 1874, and during his vaca- 
tions in 1875-76, until his graduation in 
1876 from the Clearfield High School. He 
then entered the law office of the late Judge 
Augustus S. Landis, at Hollidaysburg, 
Pennsylvania, where he was admitted, April 
25, 1878, to the Blair county bar. On June 
18, 1878, after passing a second bar ex- 
amination, he was admitted to the Clearfield 
county bar, and on June 23, 1878, opened 
an office at Clearfield, his native town, 
where he practiced his profession until June 
18, 1898. In 1883 the late Judge John H. 
Orvis, of Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, re- 
signed his position as President Judge of 
the several courts of the judicial district 
composed of the counties of Center and 
Huntingdon, and formed a partnership with 
him, under the firm name of Orvis & Sny- 
der. The firm conducted a general law 
practice at Clearfield until October, 1893, 
when it was dissolved by the death of Judge 
Orvis. 



742 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Snyder moved to New York City in years each as prothonotary and clerk of the 



June, 1898, and was admitted to the New 
York bar on August 13, 1898, and for 
several years acted as general counsel for 
the widely-known leather house of Fayer- 
weather & Ladew, and for the late Edward 
R. Ladew, and for the last seven years has 
been angaged in the general practice of law 
in New York City. He is a member of the 
American Bar Association, the Pennsyl- 
vania Bar Association, the Association of 
the Bar of the City of New York, and the 
New York County Lawyers Association. 
He is a member of the Lutheran Church, is 
identified with the Democratic party, and 
is a member of the National Democratic 
Club. 

He is also a member of the National Geo- 
graphical Society, and of the Qearfield His- 
torical Society, and was a charter member 
of the Clearfield Law Library Association. 
He is the author of the chapter of the 
"Origin, Growth and Development of the 
Educational Interests and Institutions," in 
the "History of Clearfield County, Pennsyl- 
vania," D. Mason & Co., 1887; of the writ- 
ten part of "Clearfield County, Pennsyl- 
vania — One Hundred Years' Growth — 
1804 — March 26 — 1904;" of a booklet 
"Clearfield Alumni Association, Thirtieth 
Anniversary," published in 1913; and of 
historical and miscellaneous newspaper 
articles. 

He was first married, October 10, 1885, at 
Clearfield, Pennsylvania, to Edith Ann 
Tate, a daughter of the late Hon. Aaron 
Chandler Tate, and his wife, Martha Jane 
Brown. Edith Ann Tate was born April 
4. 1856, in Lawrence township, Clearfield 
county, Pennsylvania, and died March 14, 
1894, at Clearfield. They had one son. 
Aaron Tate Snyder, of San Francisco, 
born January 4, 1887, and a son who died 
in infancy. Aaron Chandler Tate, son of 
Joshua Tate and Lydia Wilson, his wife, 
was born in Lawrence township, Clearfield 
county, and died December 24, 1880, at 
Qearfield ; he served two terms of three 



several courts of Clearfield county, and one 
term as a representative in the Pennsylvania 
Legislature. Joshua Tate, son of William 
Tate and Ann Nichols, his wife, was born 
June I, 1801, and died March 8, 1864, on 
his farm in Lawrence township, Clearfield 
county ; and William Tate was born March 
14, 1770, and resided in Chester and Center 
counties, and died April 24, 1834, at Clear- 
field. William Tate was one of the first 
settlers in Clearfield town, and a member of 
the first board of county commissioners of 
Clearfield county. 

Mr. Snyder married Sarah Ann Patchin, 
at Clearfield, June 19, 1907. She is a 
daughter of the late Horace H. Patchin, and 
Sarah Ann Weaver, his wife, who was 
born December 27, 1818, at Sabbath Day 
Point, on Lake George, New York, and died 
December 23, 1885, at Burnside, Clearfield 
county. Horace H. Patchin was a merchant 
and manufacturer and dealer in lumber, 
and a descendant of Joseph Patchin, who 
settled at Roxbury, Massachusetts, between 
1633 and 1640, and who afterwards resided 
and died at Fairfield, Connecticut. Jacob 
Patchin, grandson of Joseph, married Abi- 
gail Cabel, daughter of John Cabel, of 
Fairfield, Connecticut, and had several chil- 
dren, among them a son Jabez Patchin, who 
married Hannah Squires, and resided at 
Wilton, Connecticut, where their son. Cap- 
tain Samuel Patchin, was born. In 1764 
Jabez Patchin and his family left Wilton 
and eventually located at Milton, Saratoga 
county, New York. Jabez Patchin and his 
son, Captain Samuel Patchin, served in the 
Revolutionary War. Captain Samuel 
Patchin married Mary Hollister, and settled 
at Sabbath Day Point, on Lake George, 
New York, where they both died, and their 
son, John Patchin, and his wife Elizabeth 
Wright, were the father and mother of 
Horace H. Patchin above named. Sarah 
Weaver, wife of Horace H. Patchin was 
bom May 20, 1822, at Bellefonte, Pennsyl- 
vania, and died March 10, 1907, at Clear- 



743 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



field. She was a daughter of Daniel 
Weaver and Mary Williams, his wife, who 
was a daughter of Captain Joshua Williams 
and Mary Dill, his wife, late of Bellefonte, 
Pennsylvania. Joshua Williams was a cap- 
tain in the Revolutionary War. 



REAM, Norman Bruce, 

Soldier, Man of Iiarge Affairs. 

The antecedents of Norman Bruce Ream 
can be traced back to Andrew Ream, a 
German emigrant, who settled in Pennsyl- 
vania during the first half of the eighteenth 
century. He had a son, John Ream, who 
was a patriot soldier in the War for Amer- 
ican Independence, and Samuel Ream, his 
son, married Mary Rheims, who had issue. 

Levi Ream, son of Samuel and Mary 
(Rheims) Ream, was bom in 1816, in Som- 
erset county, Pennsylvania ; was a farmer 
who resided there until his death in July, 
1902. He married Highley King, daughter 
of Jacob and Eva (Pringry) King, in Som- 
erset county, Pennsylvania. She was de- 
scended from English-Scotch ancestry, who 
came to New Jersey in Colonial days, and 
was the mother of several children, among 
them a son, whose sketch follows. 

Norman Bruce Ream, son of Levi and 
Highley (King) Ream, was bom November 
5, 1844, in Somerset county, Pennsylvania. 
He attended the district schools of his na- 
tive county until he was fourteen years of 
age and then worked on his father's farm ; 
taught school one term of four months, and 
traveled about the country making ambro- 
types, then a new improvement in photog- 
raphy, between terms of the Somerset 
County Normal School, which he attended 
until 1 86 1, about three years altogether. 

He enlisted November 12, 1861, in Com- 
pany H, 85th Pennsylvania Regiment, and 
served with it through several campaigns 
and many battles. He was promoted from 
sergeant to second lieutenant in December, 
1862; to first heutenant. May i. 1863; was 
wounded at Whitmarsh Island, Georgia, 
February 22, 1864, and again at Petersburg, 



\''irginia, June 17, 1864; was discharged on 
account of wounds, August 31, 1864. 

After leaving the army he clerked in a 
store at Harnedsville, Somerset county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1864 and 1865 ; in 1866 he 
moved to Princeton, Illinois, where he con- 
ducted a general mercantile business. A 
year later he removed to Osceola, Iowa, 
where he remained until 1871. and con- 
ducted a general live-stock and grain busi- 
ness, in connection with farming. In 1871 
he went to Chicago, Illinois, where he be- 
gan trading as commission merchant in 
grain and live-stock, in which he was very 
successful. Later he became an operator 
on the Chicago Board of Trade, and there 
laid the foundation of his fortune and sub- 
sequent career. In time he became in- 
terested in real estate and when, in 1886, 
he organized a syndicate to erect a large 
office building, it was suggested that the 
frame be made of steel, riveted together so 
as to form a bridge-like structure ; and thus 
he authorized the construction of the first 
steel frame building in Chicago, known as 
the Old Rookery. He was one of the pro- 
moters in the formation of the National 
Biscuit Company, which company has 
achieved great success due to the introduc- 
tion of improved and scientific methods of 
baking and wrapping soda and other bis- 
cuits. He has also been interested in the 
Corn Products Company of Illinois ; the 
Pullman Palace Car Company ; and in the 
L^nited States Steel Corporation, of which 
he is a member of its finance committee. He 
was interested in the reorganization of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the Colo- 
rado Southern Railroad Company ; has also 
financed and built several systems of street 
railroads in different cities, and is largely 
interested in the First National Bank of 
Chicago. During recent years Mr. Ream 
has served on the directorates of many 
financial and commercial organizations. He 
is vice-president and director of the Central 
Safety Deposit Company of Chicago, Illi- 
nois ; director of the First National Bank of 
Chicago, Illinois ; is likewise of the Secur- 



744 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ities Company of New York; and trustee 
of the New York Trust Company. He is a 
director of tlie Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 
Company; the Chicago & Erie Railroad 
Company ; the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Day- 
ton Railway Company; the Erie Railroad 
Company; the Pere Marquette Railroad 
Company ; and the Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
way Company. He is a director of the 
United States Steel Corporation; the Pull- 
man company; the National Biscuit Com- 
pany; the Franco- American Association: 
the Cumberland Corporation ; the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society of the United 
States ; the Fidelity-Phoenix Fire Insurance 
Company of New York ; the Sussex Realty 
Company, and the Mount Hope Cemetery 
Association. 

Mr. Ream married, February 19, 1876, 
at Madison, New York, Carrie Thompson, 
daughter of Dr. John and Elizabeth Put- 
nam; she was born March i, 1852, at Alad- 
ison, New York; is descended from a well 
known old New England family. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ream had children: i. Marion B. 
Ream, born in Chicago. Illinois; married 
Redmond D. Stephens. 2. Frances M., 
born in Chicago ; married John L. Kem- 
merer. 3. Norman P., born in Chicago. 4. 
Robert C, born in Chicago ; married Mabel 
Wrightson. 5. Edward King, married 
Nellie Speed. 6. Louis Marshall. 

Mr. Ream is an Independent in politics; 
is a member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
New York; the Metropolitan Museum of 
Arts ; and of the Illinois Commandery of 
the Loyal Legion. In Chicago he is a mem- 
ber of the Chicago Club; and in New York 
of the Union Club, the Art, the Metropol- 
itan, the New York Yacht, and the South 
Side Club, besides a number of other social 
and recreation clubs. 



MOSIER, Frank C, 

Lawyer, Man of Affairs. 

Frank C. Mosier, prominently identified 
with the professional progressive, industrial 



and business interests of Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, was born October 8, 1846, on the 
paternal farm in Pittston township, son of 
Daniel Dimmick and Elizabeth Ann (Ward) 
Mosier. 

His great-grandfather, John Moeser (the 
original form of the family name), was a 
native of Germany, and came to America 
prior to the Revolution, settling in North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania. He enlisted 
in Captain Abraham Miller's company of 
Colonel William Thompson's battalion of 
riflemen. His name appears on the roll of 
Captain Craig's company, ist Pennsylvania 
Regiment, Continental Line; and as John 
Mosier on the roll of same company before 
June, 1777, and afterwards on that of Cap- 
tain Simpson's company of same regiment. 
Colonel Edward Hand commanding. He 
was with the troops who assembled under 
Washington at Cambridge, Massachusetts; 
served on Long Island; took part in the 
battle of Monmouth ; was with "Mad An- 
thony" Wayne at Stony Point; and under 
the same general in the Georgia campaign. 
After this long and creditable service he 
returned to Northampton county, where he 
made an admirable record for industry and 
thrift, becoming owner of fifty acres of land 
surveyed to him January 23, 1785, and 400 
acres, July 12, same year. His children 
were ungratefully deprived of the back pay 
due him for his military services. 

John Mosier, grandfather of Frank C. 
Mosier, was born November 10, 1785, near 
Easton, Pennsylvania, and married Sarah 
Overfield, born November 22, 1791, daugh- 
ter of Martin and Sarah (Ott) Overfield. 
Paul Overfield, grandfather of Sarah 
(Overfield) Mosier, and maternal great- 
great-grandfather of Frank C. Mosier, born 
in North Germany in 1715, came when a 
child with his parents from the fatherland 
to New Jersey, and married Rebecca Mar- 
shall. His children were: Abner; Benja- 
min; M^artin (married Elizabeth Ott): 
Sarah (married Lieutenant Moses Van 
Campen) ; Rachel (married Joseph Pen- 



745 



EiVCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nell) ; Paul (married Hannah DePue) ; 
William, and Elizabeth (married Edward 
Marshall). Paul Overfield, great-great- 
grandfather of Frank C. Hosier, died in 
1800. 

Martin Overfield, father of Sarah (Over- 
field) Mosier, and maternal great-grand- 
father of Frank C. Mosier, was born in 
1756, and married Sarah Ott, born Novem- 
ber 24, 1749. Martin Overfield was in the 
Revolution in 1780-81-82, in the Fifth Com- 
pany, Fifth Battalion of mihtia of North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania. After the 
surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, 
Virginia, on October 19, 1781, and the dis- 
banding of Washington's army at New- 
burg on the Hudson, Martin Overfield was 
mustered out of service and settled in the 
backwoods of Monroe county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and commenced to help clear up the 
primeval forest. He died on his farm in 
Middle Smithfield township, on May 25, 
1821, and on his tombstone is the follow- 
ing: "A soldier of the Revolution under 
General Washington." 

Sarah (Ott) Overfield, mother of Sarah 
(Overfield) Mosier, and maternal great- 
grandmother of Frank C. Mosier, died Feb- 
ruary 29, 1848, and sleeps by the side of her 
husband, whom she survived more than a 
quarter of a century. Hon. William Over- 
field, son of Martin and Sarah (Ott) Over- 
field, became prominent in public life, and 
represented Monroe, Pike and Wayne coun- 
ties in the House of Representatives and 
Senate of Pennsylvania, and filled other 
offices with honor, a faithful and honest 
servant of the people. 

The land whereon is located Sand Hill 
Cemetery, was donated to the same by John 
Mosier, who passed away on the 7th of 
May, 1855, respected by all his neighbors, 
many of whom now repose with him within 
the shade of the beautiful cemetery, which 
will forever remain an enduring monument 
to his liberality. 

Sarah (Overfield) Mosier died August 
14, 1888, in the home she had lived in con- 



tinuously for nearly four-score years. The 
Mosier homestead is now occupied by her 
son, Samuel Overfield Mosier, who bids 
fair to pass the century mark. 

Daniel Dimmick Mosier, son of John 
Mosier and Sarah (Overfield) Mosier, and 
father of Frank C. Mosier, was born in 
Middle Smithfield township, Monroe county, 
Pennsylvania, August 22, 1816, and when 
about sixteen years old came to the Wy- 
oming Valley. Through the influence of his 
uncle, Hon. William Overfield, canal com- 
missioner of Pennsylvania, he obtained a 
position on the North Branch of the Penn- 
sylvania Canal. He was employed by the 
State on the North Branch Canal a number 
of years, which gave him a good start in 
life, for he was enabled to purchase from 
John M. Stark a large farm in Pittston 
township, from which hundreds of thou- 
sands of tons of anthracite coal have been 
mined. This valuable property is still own- 
ed by the Mosier family, and under lease 
with the Erie Railroad Company, successors 
of the Pennsylvania Coal Company. 

Daniel Dimmick Mosier was married, 
January 2, 1842, to Elizabeth Ann Ward, of 
Bridgeport, Connecticut. Elizabeth Ann 
(Ward) Mosier, mother of Frank C. 
Mosier, was the daughter of Victor Ward 
and Anna (Mills) Ward. 

Thomas Ward, paternal grandfather of 
Elizabeth Ann (Ward) Mosier, and ma- 
ternal great-grandfather of Frank C. 
Mosier, was of English ancestry, and emi- 
grated to America and settled in Connecti- 
cut previous to the Revolutionan,' War, and 
married Anna Wakely. He enlisted in Cap- 
tain Samuel Wright's company of Colonel 
Samuel Wyllys' regiment, December 2, 
1775, and took part in the siege of Boston. 
This command, previously General Spen- 
cer's, was reorganized for service in 1776 a.s-1 
the 22nd Connecticut Regiment of the Con- 1 
tinental Line. After the evacuation of Bos-I 
ton by the British, it marched under Wash-J 
ington to New York and helped fortifj 
New York City. On August 24 it was 



74'') 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ordered to the Brooklyn front, and took part 
in the battle of Long Island, August 27, and 
was in the retreat of the American army 
across the East River on the evening of Au- 
gust 29. At White Plains it was in line of 
battle on October 27-28 to oppose the ad- 
vance of the British forces under General 
William Howe. After the retreat of the 
British from White Plains, his command 
remained encamped in the vicinity of Peeks- 
kill, under Alajor-General Heath, until the 
expiration of term of service, December 30, 
1776. (Record of Conn. Men in Revolu- 
tion, p. 107). Thomas Ward applied for a 
pension September 28, 1818, which was 
allowed. Soldier died at Glastonbury, Con- 
necticut, October 5, 1824. (Ref.-Hartford 
County, Conn., Pension Roll, p. 45). 

X'ictor Ward, father of Elizabeth Ann 
(Ward) Mosier, and grandfather of Frank 
C. Mosier, was a son of Thomas Ward and 
Anna (Wakely) Ward, and was born in 
Trumbull, Fairfield county, Connecticut. 
He married Anna Mills, daughter of Rob- 
ert Mills and Desire (Robertson) Mills, a 
daughter of Jonathan Robertson. 

Jonathan Robertson, maternal great- 
grandfather of Elizabeth Ann (Ward) 
Mosier, and great-great-grandfather of 
Frank C. Mosier, was of Scotch ancestry, 
and settled in Weston, Fairfield county, 
Connecticut, at an early date, and on April 
14. 1759, enlisted in Captain Samuel Hub- 
bell's 5th Company of Colonel David 
Wooster's 3rd Connecticut Colonial Regi- 
ment. (See Conn. Colonial Record, French- 
Indian Wars, 1758-1762, p. 151). His regi- 
ment took part in the campaign of 1759 
under General Amherst, which began with 
the capture of Fort Ticonderoga and closed 
with the battle of Quebec, September 13, 
1759. which was a glorious victory for Brit- 
ish arms, for it added a vast territory to the 
Mother Country's possessions in North 
America, and made the name of Wolfe, who 
fell at the head of his troops, renowned 
forever in the annals of Time. 
Robert Mills, maternal grandfather of 



Elizabeth (Ward) Mosier and great-grand- 
father of Frank C. Mosier, was of English 
ancestry, and married Desire Robertson, 
daughter of Jonathan Robertson, of Wes- 
ton, Fairfield county, Connecticut. Desire 
(Robertson) Mills, daughter of Jonathan 
Robertson, and grandmother of Elizabeth 
Ann (Ward) Mosier, survived her husband, 
Robert Mills, a number of years, and is 
buried in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Eliza- 
beth Robertson, sister of Desire (Robert- 
son) Mills, in 1782, was married to Thomas 
Williams, who came with his father, Thad- 
deus Williams, to the Wyoming Valley, 
previous to the Revolutionary War. About 
January i, 1777, Thomas Williams enlisted 
in Captain Samuel Ransom's 2nd Independ- 
ent Company (recruited by authority of the 
Continental Congress in the Wyoming Val- 
ley) of Colonel Durkee's 4th Connecticut 
Regiment, which fought under Washing- 
ton at Princeton, and upon other battlefields 
of the Revolution. Thomas Williams be- 
came a non-commissioned officer, was a 
courageous soldier and brave Indian fighter. 
The name of Sergeant Williams is often 
mentioned in the annals of the Wyoming 
Valley. He died November 12, 1839, and 
is buried in Hollenback Cemetery. 

In our country's second conflict with 
Great Britain, the Connecticut military rec- 
ords show that Victor Ward was a soldier in 
the War of 1812 and was in active service 
in 1814, when the towns bordering on Long 
Island Sound were threatened with attack 
by a combined British land and naval force. 
He died at Bridgeport, Connecticut, in 1827. 
Anna (Mills) Ward, mother of Eliza- 
beth Ann (Ward) Mosier, died in Plains 
township, Luzerne county, in 1834, and was 
buried in the Hollenback family burying 
ground. In after years her remains were 
removed to the cemetery founded by George 
M. Hollenback, a son of Mathias Hollen- 
back, who was an ensign in Captain Ran- 
som's 2nd Independent Company of Colonel 
Durkee's 4th Connecticut Regiment, and 
who returned to his home in time to take 



747 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



part in the battle of Wyoming, fought July 

3. 1778. 

Elizabeth Ann (Ward J Mosier, mother 
of Frank C. Mosier, of Scotch and English 
ancestry, was born in Trumbull, Fairfield 
county, Connecticut, November 27, 1821. 
After the death of her father she came 
from Bridgeport, Connecticut, to Plains 
township, about the year 1829, with her 
mother and grandmother. Desire (Robert- 
son) Mills, and became neighbors of her 
great-uncle. Sergeant Thomas Williams, 
and her mother's brother, David Mills, for- 
merly of Bridgeport, Connecticut, who was 
the owner of a large farm from which was 
mined in after years millions of tons of coal. 
Elizabeth Ann (Ward) Mosier became well 
acquainted with Sergeant Williams, who 
often entertained her with stories of his 
many fights with the British Tories and 
Indians. She was a continuous resident of 
the Wyoming Valley for more than four- 
score years. When very young she became 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, in which she always was a faithful 
and charitable worker. In the War for the 
Union, her only brother, Joseph S. Ward, 
fought in the 7th and 12th Regiments, Con- 
necticut Volunteers. John Ward, a son of 
Joseph S. Ward, also served his country in 
the 9th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers. 
Both survived the Civil War, and after the 
surrender of Lee's army at Appomattox, 
each returned to his home in Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, and became members of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Daniel Dimmick Mosier died May 14, 
1889, and Elizabeth Ann' (Ward) Mosier 
died March 6, 1909, and both sleep in the 
Mosier plot in Hollenback Cemetery. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. The follow- 
ing children were born to Daniel Dimmick 
Mosier and Elizabeth Ann (Ward) Mosier: 
Georgia Mosier (daughter), bom October 
18, 1842, October 31, 1865, was married to 
Conrad Sax Stark, born April 12, 1836, a 
son of John D. Stark and Ann (Sa.x) Stark. 



John D. Stark was born April 26, 1797, and 
was a grandson of Aaron Stark, who was 
slain in the battle of Wyoming, July 3, 
1778. John D. Stark, on February 22, 1828, 
was married to Ann Sax, born February 15, 
1803, died November 25, 1855. 

John D. Stark became a prominent citizen 
of Pittston township. The last days of his 
life were spent on his farm located upon the 
banks of Spring Brook, where its waters 
commingle with the Lackawanna. His life 
was one of industry and usefulness. He 
died June 21, 1862, and is buried in the 
Stark family plot in Marcy Cemetery, Lu- 
zerne county, near the Brick Church, which 
was erected in 1853. Many soldiers of the 
Revolutionary and other wars repose in 
Marcy Cemetery. The first interments 
therein were made previous to the year 
1790. The date of the death of Ebenezer 
Marcy is marked upon his tombstone 
(March 20, 1790), at which early time there 
were more than one hundred unmarked 
graves in this burying ground. Marcy 
township, Luzerne county, was named after 
Ebenezer Marcy. 

Conrad S. Stark graduated at Union Col- 
lege, Schenectady, New York, in i860. He 
was offered and accepted a professorship in 
the Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Penn- 
sylvania, during 1860-61, after which he 
studied law with Hon. W. G. Ward, of 
Scranton, Pennsylvania, and was admitted 
to the Luzerne bar, November 30, 1864. He 
died at his home in West Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 26, 1880, in the strength and 
vigor of manhood, a leading member of his 
profession. At a meeting of the Luzerne 
county bar held March 27, 1880, the chair- 
man of the meeting, Hon. Charles E. Rice, 
now President Judge of the Superior Court 
of Pennsylvania, paid an eloquent tribute 
to the memory of the deceased. 

Georgia (Mosier) Stark died in the State 
of Florida, where she was temporarily re- 
siding, July 14, 1896. She was a sincere 
friend and an affectionate sister and mother. 



748 




"if)i(*i( tlm. 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was beloved by all who knew her. Con- 
rad Sax Stark and Georgia (Mosier) Stark 
are buried in Hollenback Cemetery. 

John B. Mosier (son) was born in Pitts- 
ton township, August 9, 1844, on his 
father's farm, which was cleared up by 
David Brown, shortly after the close of the 
Revolutionary War. (See Bigsby's "His- 
tory of Luzerne County," p. 617; Hayden"s 
'"Genealogical and Family History of the 
Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Penn- 
sylvania," p. 168). He never married, was 
successful in business, and accumulated a 
large estate. At the time of his death, Sep- 
tember 2-], 1889, he was a member of St. 
John's Lodge, F. and A. M., Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania ; Pittston Chapter, R. A. M., and 
a Sir Knight of Wyoming Valley Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania. He is buried in Hollenback Ceme- 
tery. 

Frank C. Mosier ( son ) was born Octo- 
ber 8, 1846 (of whom further mention is 
hereafter made). 

James H. Mosier (son) married Fannie 
Field. He is engaged in the real estate and 
general insurance business, Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania. He is a member of Wyoming 
Valley Lodge, F. and A. M.. Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania ; Pittston Chapter, R. A. M. ; Wy- 
oming Valley Commandery, K. T., Pittston, 
Pennsylvania (of which he is a past 
commander) ; Lu Lu Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S. (Mystic Shrine), Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania ; and Keystone Consistory, S. P. 
R. S., 32d degree, Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
A. A. S. R. Helen Mosier, his daughter, is 
a member of Dial Rock Chapter. Daughters 
of the American Revolution, West Pittston, 
Pennsylvania. 

Frank C. Mosier's birthplace was in Pitts- 
ton township, on his father's farm, where 
he was brought up, working in the fields, 
fishing in the mountain streams, hunting in 
the nearby woods, and attending district 
school in winter. During these halcyon days 
came the Civil War, and the rolling of 
drums, waving of flags, and marching of 



soldiers to the front, inspired the heart of 
every true patriot and lover of his country. 
In September, 1862, Lee, with a mighty 
host, came up along the Blue Ridge from 
Virginia with bayonets flashing, the stars 
and bars flying, and martial bands playing, 
"Maryland, My Maryland." It was then he 
enlisted in Captain Hileman's company, 19th 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
went to the front, where thousands of 
patriotic men under Major-General John Y. 
Reynolds, stood ready to repel the rebel in- 
vader if the Army of the Potomac met with 
defeat upon the soil of Maryland, where was 
fought the battle of Antietam, one of the 
most sanguinary in the history of the Civil 
War. 

Returning home from the Antietam cam- 
paign, he attended Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, Pennsylvania, and subsequently 
obtained a position with the Lackawanna 
Iron and Coal Company of Scranton, Penn- 
sylvania, where he remained until he enter- 
ed the University of Michigan. After com- 
pleting his studies at Ann Arbor, he became 
a student in the law ofiice of Hon. Fitz Wil- 
liam H. Chambers, of Detroit, an ex-mem- 
ber of the Canadian Parliament, and later 
on judge of the circuit court of Wayne 
county. Michigan. After being admitted to 
the Detroit bar he returned east and studied 
law with Conrad S. Stark, Esq., and was 
admitted to the Luzerne bar, February 26, 
1874, and still practices his profession in the 
Federal Court and in the Supreme, Superior 
and other courts of Pennsylvania. 

On Wednesday, March 4, 1891, Frank C. 
Mosier was married, by the Rev. John La- 
Bar, to Lydia Ellen Stark, daughter of John 
M. Stark and Sarah (Davidson) Stark, of 
^^'yoming, Pennsylvania. 

Christopher Stark, son of William Stark, 
and great-great-great-grandfather of Lydia 
(Stark) Mosier, came of English ancestry, 
and was born at Groton, Connecticut, in 
1698. On April i, 1722, he married Joanna 
Walworth, of New London, Connecticut. 
He subsequently removed to Dutchess coun- 



749 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ty, New York, and from thence, in 1772, to 
the Wyoming Valley, where he became an 
extensive landowner. A number of chil- 
dren were born to Christopher Stark and 
Joanna (Walworth) Stark, only two of 
whom, James Stark and Aaron Stark, we 
make mention of in this sketch. 

James Stark, son of Christopher Stark, 
and great-great-grandfather of Lydia 
(Stark) Mosier, was born May 22, 1734. 
In 1758 he married Elizabeth Carey, of 
Dutchess county. New York. James Stark 
enlisted September 17, 1776, in Captain 
Ranson's 2nd Independent Company of 
Colonel John Durkee's 4th Connecticut 
Regiment of the Continental army, and 
fought under Washington. While in his 
country's service he contracted a disease 
which caused his death, July 20, 1777. His 
elder brother, Aaron Stark, born November 
3, 1732, was slain in the massacre of July 
3, 1778, and his name, with that of Daniel 
Stark, is inscribed on the Wyoming Battle 
Monument. 

Henry Stark, son of James Stark, and 
great-grandfather of Lydia (Stark) Mosier, 
was born April 19, 1762, and married Eliz- 
abeth Kennedy, November 3, 1791, and died 
January 22, 1807. 

James Stark, son of Henry Stark, and 
grandfather of Lydia (Stark) Mosier, was 
bom April 24, 1792, and married Mary 
Michael, of Monroe county, Pennsylvania, 
April 19, 1819. James Stark served as a 
soldier in the war of 1812. (See Hayden's 
"Genealogical and Family History of the 
Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Penn- 
sylvania," vol. I, p. 540). James Stark be- 
came one of the most prominent business 
men of his time. He accumulated a large 
landed estate, which represented hundreds 
of acres of anthracite coal worth millions 
of money. This valuable property at his 
death was devised to his family, the children 
of some of whom still live to enjoy the 
patrimony of a grandparent who prospered, 
became wealthy, and left a record for hon- 
esty, industry and thrift to his descendants. 



which is worthy of emulation. James Stark 
died February 3, 1856, and now reposes in 
Hollenback Cemetery. 

John M. Stark, father of Lydia (Stark) 
Mosier, was born in Plains township, Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania, February 23, 
1819, and on October 16, 1841, was married 
to Sarah Davidson, daughter of Morris 
Davidson and Ann Davidson, both natives 
of Sussex county. New Jersey. Ann David- 
son, mother of Sarah (Davidson) Stark, 
was related to the Morgan family of New 
Jersey, one of whose kinsmen was General 
Daniel Morgan, of Virginia, a comrade in 
arms of Washington in the Colonial and 
Revolutionary wars. 

John M. Stark was a man of prominence, 
noted for his firmness, integrity, self-reli- 
ance and industry. For a number of years 
he was superintendent of one of the divi- 
sions of the North Branch of the Pennsyl- 
vania Canal. This position he resigned to 
accept a more responsible one with the 
Pennsylvania Coal Company, of which John 
B. Smith, of Dunmore, Pennsylvania, was 
general manager, and between these two 
men of the old school ties of friendship ex- 
isted long after John M. Stark retired from 
the employ of the great coal company, which 
will always remain an enduring monument 
to the management and executive ability of 
John B. Smith, one of the best known pio- 
neer coal men of northeastern Pennsylvania. 

During John M. Stark's active life he 
made careful investments in arthracite coal 
lands, and the rentals therefrom enabled 
him before his death to make a large dis- 
tribution of his property among his children. 

John M. Stark was proud of the record 
of his family, for a forefather fought under 
Washington in the War of the Revolution, 
and the name of a kinsman, Aaron Stark, is 
inscribed on the Wyoming Battle Monu- 
ment, over the immortal words: "Dulce et 
decorum est pro patria mori." (See Brads- 
by's "History of Luzerne County," p. 121). 

During all the wars of the American Re- 
public, the Stark family have maintained 



750 





'^,^^^^ 



~:) 



i.i... .Visl«r.,ca; Puh Co 



4 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



record for patriotism, not often excelled. 
General John Stark, of New Hampshire, a 
name famous in the annals of the Revolu- 
tion, who commanded a brigade at Bunker 
Hill, fought under Washington at Trenton 
and Princeton, heroically led the Green 
Mountain boys at Bennington, and achieved 
a providential victory for the American 
cause, came of the same English line of an- 
cestry as the Stark family of the Wyoming 
Valley. (See Hawthorne's "United States," 
vol. 2, pp. 512-17-22-31. etc.; Bradsby"s 
"History of Luzerne County," p. 357). 

In the armed conflict with Mexico which 
secured the acquisition of immense terri- 
tory to the American Union, his brother, 
George H. Stark, served as a sergeant in 
Captain Ogier's Company H, 4th Regiment 
Louisiana \'olunteers. and on July 29. 1846, 
by order of General Taylor, was honorably 
discharged at Matamoras. On July 30, 
1846, he reenlisted and became a non-com- 
missioned officer in Captain Blanchard's 
(Phoenix) company, Regiment, Louisi- 
ana Volunteers, and by order of Major- 
General Scott was honorably discharged at 
New Orleans, May 15, 1847. On soldier's 
discharge the following is endorsed : "Said 
G. II. Stark participated in the storming of 
Monterey and also the bombardment of 
\'era Cruz, and acquitted himself gallantly 
in both engagements." 

In the war inaugurated for the destruc- 
tion of the American Union, his son, George 
M. Stark, on August 21, 1862, enlisted in 
Schooley's Independent Battery, recruited 
in Pittston by Lieutenant U. S. Cook, for- 
merly principal of the Pittston high school, 
who prevailed upon many of his scholars to 
volunteer in defense of their country's flag. 
As soon as Schooley's command was mus- 
tered into service it was assigned to garrison 
duty at Fort Delaware, in the State of Dela- 
ware, where on October 17, 1862, the 
scholarly Cook died. After his death the 
battery was ordered to Washington, D. C, 
and became Battery M, 2nd Heavy Artil- 
lery, iT2th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volun- 



teers, and for a time remained on guard at 
Fort Lincoln. At midnight on May 3, 1864, 
the Army of the Potomac moved out of its 
winter cantonments on the Rapidan and be- 
gan its last campaign against the Army of 
Northern Virginia, strongly intrenched, 
ready for battle. The advance of Grant's 
troops against the positions held by the Con- 
federates under Lee was stubbornly contest- 
ed, and thousands of brave men were killed, 
wounded or burned up in the battles which 
raged for weeks in the Virginia wilderness, 
with a fierceness unparalleled in the annals 
of war. On May 27, 1864, the 2nd Penn- 
sylvania Heavy Artillery was ordered to 
the Army of the Potomac. In the early 
dawn of June 5, 1864, the regiment rein- 
forced the Army of the Potomac at Cold 
Harbor, and was immediately formed in 
line of battle to charge the Confederate in- 
trenchments. After the repulse at Cold 
Harbor, the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Ar- 
tillery, on the night of June 12, 1864, under 
a ceaseless fire of musketry and artillery, 
silently moved out of the Union trenches to 
the road in the rear, when the command in 
a low voice passed along the line, "Double 
up, double-quick, march," which order was 
strictly obeyed until the White House Land- 
ing on the Pamunky river, twenty-two miles 
away, was reached. At the battle of the 
Crater, on the morning of July 30, 1864, the 
2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery stood in 
line of battle ready for the order to charge 
into the bloody vortex of death, in which 
more than four thousand comrades fell. 
For seventy-two days this brave Pennsyl- 
vania regiment lay in the advance line of 
trenches, exposed to the incessant fire of the 
enemy day and night, enduring much suf- 
fering. 

On September 29, 1864, occurred the bat- 
tle of Chapin's Farm, fought by a part of 
the Army of the James, under ]\Iajor-Gen- 
eral Edward O. C. Ord, and was in reality 
a number of desperate charges against the 
intrenched and strongly fortified positions 
of the enemy. The first assault was direct- 



751 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.-\PHY 



ed against Battery Harrison, mounted with 
sixteen pieces of heavy artillery, which was 
successfully made. In this charge General 
Ord was wounded, and Brigadier-General 
Burnham, who led the storming columns, 
mortally wounded. 

In the same chain of defenses on the right 
of Battery Harrison, was Fort Gilmer, the 
key to Richmond, which was next assaulted, 
first by two divisions of the loth Corps, 
Army of the James, in succession. 

After the battle of Chapin's Farm, George 
M. Stark was appointed orderly to Major- 
General Godfrey Weitzel (one of the great- 
est compliments to bestow upon a soldier), 
commander of the 25th Army Corps, Army 
of the James, the first troops to enter Rich- 
mond after its capture by the Union army 
at whose head on the eventful 3rd day of 
April, 1865, rode Weitzel, his staff and 
young Stark. 

With the surrender of the Army of North- 
<;rn Virginia, on April 9, 1865, the slave- 
holders' rebellion came to a righteous end. 
In the early summer of 1865 the surviving 
heroes of the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Ar- 
tillery, with battle flags riddled with shot 
and shell, returned to their homes and fire- 
sides, and with them came George M. Stark, 
who became one of the leading business men 
of the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania. He 
died July 27, 1895, at his summer home near 
Dallas, Pennsylvania, leaving surviving him 
his wife, Albertine Brace Stark. George 
M. Stark is buried in the historic Forty Fort 
Cemetery, near the site of the old fort, from 
which his Revolutionary kinsman, Aaron 
Stark, marched forth to battle and to death 
on the memorable 3rd day of July, 1778. 

The following brothers of John M. Stark 
also served in the Civil War: William S. 
Stark, in the 52nd Pennsylvania Infantry; 
George H. Stark (Mexican War Veteran), 
in the 177th Pennsylvania Infantry, and 
Henry W. Stark, in Captain Hileman's com- 
pany, of the 19th Pennsylvania Infantry. 
Charles H. Flagg married his sister, Mary 
Jane Stark, and became captain of Com- 



pany K, 142nd Regiment Pennsylvania \'oI- 
unteers, made up of Pittston, Pennsylvania, 
men, which he led into action at Fredericks- 
burg, December 13, 1862, and with Meade's 
Division (Pennsylvania Reserves), in which 
were Sinclair's, Jackson's and Magilton's 
brigades, courageously, in a terrific storm 
of shot and shell, charged the Confederate 
entrenchments on the Heights of Fred- 
ericksburg, defended by General A. P. Hill's 
division of Stonewall Jackson's corps. Dur- 
ing Hooker's campaign he was again under 
fire at Chancellorsville, where the Army of 
the Potomac met with disaster and defeat, 
after which there followed, in the rapid 
march of events, the invasion of Pennsyl- 
vania, one of the most perilous epochs in 
our country's history. Captain Flagg was 
a Pennsylvanian by adoption, and gallantly 
served as an aide on the staff of Brigadier- 
General Thomas A. Rowley, who command- 
ed the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, of the ist 
Army Corps, at Gettysburg. The 142nd 
Pennsylvania Volunteers fought in Row- 
ley's brigade, and bravely helped to drive 
the rebel invaders oft" the soil of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

John M. Stark died at his residence in 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, March 14, 1896. 
Sarah (Davidson) Stark, his wife, died at 
her summer home at Lake Carey, Pennsyl- 
vania, September 9, i8g8. Both are buried 
in Hollenback Cemetery. 

Lydia Ellen Stark was bom in Plains 
township, Luzerne county. Pennsylvania, 
May 19, 1851. 

Ruth Mosier, only child of Frank C. 
Mosier and Lydia Ellen (Stark) Mosier, 
born April 2, 1893, died December 16, 1901. 
On the base of the Italian marble statue 
which marks her grave in Hollenback Ceme- 
tery are the inspired words: "Heavenly 
Bells are calling me now,'' which were 
found after her death among her child 
treasures, written in her own hand. 

Frank C. Mosier is a Mason, and belongs 
to St. John's Lodge, F. and A. M., Pittston, 
Pennsylvania ; Pittston Cliapter, Royal Arch 



75^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Masons ; Wyoming Valley Commandery, 
Knights Templar, Pittston, Pennsylvania 
(of which he is past commander); 
Irem Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. (Mystic 
Shrine j, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania; and 
Keystone Consistory, S. P. R. S., 32iid de- 
gree, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of 
Freemasonry, Northern Jurisdiction, United 
States of America. 

Frank C. Alosier is of the Democratic 
faith, and believes that a sound democracy 
is the one substructure of this, the greatest 
government on earth, and favors the enact- 
ment of laws that will benefit all the people, 
promote everlasting tranquility and con- 
tinued prosperity throughout the length and 
breadth of the Union. He has often been 
called upon to address the surviving soldiers 
of the Civil War, and his utterances have al- 
ways commanded respectful attention Upon 
the occasion of the Fortieth Annual Reunion 
of the 143rd Pennsylvania Volunteers, Sep- 
tember II, 1906, General J. Madison Drake 
(died November 28, 1913), one of New 
Jersey's most gallant soldiers, and Historian 
of the Army and Navy Medal of Honor 
Legion of the United States, was a promi- 
nent speaker and subsequently wrote Com- 
rade Mosier that the address delivered by 
him at the reunion ought to be published, 
and the same appeared at length in The 
Elizabeth (New Jersey) Sunday Leader, of 
which General Drake was editor; and the 
address, with General Drake's very compli- 
mentary letter, was given a prominent place 
in "New England Families" (vol. iv), Lewis 
Historical Publishing Company, New York. 

!\Ir. Mosier was a participant in the na- 
tional reunion of the survivors of the Blue 
and Gray, on the occasion of the semi-cen- 
tennial anniversary of the battle of Gettys- 
burg, on that famous field in July, 191 3. He 
was encamped with his comrades there, and 
on July 2nd delivered a patriotic address at 
the base of the National Soldiers' Monu- 
ment on Cemetery Hill, at the forty-seventh 
annual reunion of the 143d Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. 



Note. — A large portion of the foregoing 
excellent narrative is from "Colonial and 
Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania" 
(John W. Jordan, LL. D., Librarian of 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadel- 
phia), Lewis Hist. Pub. Co.. New York, 
1911. 



DeLACY, Captain Patrick, 

Disting^nislied Soldier, Honored Citizen. 

In reviewing the brilliant military career 
of Captain Patrick DeLacy, of Scranton, 
the writer (himself a civil war veteran, but 
who never met that distinguished soldier), 
recalls the famous Lever, whose masterly 
pen portraiture of typical soldiers of the 
Napoleonic era has never ceased to be the 
delight of lovers of military literature. 
Captain DeLacy was such a figure as Lever 
has depicted, so far as soldierlike qualities 
go, but he fought in a nobler cause than did 
any of the great novelist's heroes, and hence 
had loftier ideals and higher inspiration. 
He was one of the real heroes of the civil 
war. He was a daring soldier, a faithful 
comrade, a merciful and sympathetic enemy. 
He was as fearless in saving a wounded 
comrade in the foremost battle line, as he 
was in charging upon the enemy's works, 
and more than one soldier owes his life 
to his devotion and intrepidity. He came 
of a race of soldiers. Count Peter DeLacy, 
from whom Captain DeLacy is a lineal de- 
scendant, was a field marshal under the 
great Empress Catherine of Russia, and 
there were other warlike DeLacys as far 
back as the eleventh century. John DeLacy, 
an uncle of Captain DeLacy, fought under 
Wellington at Waterloo, and left a leg on 
that historic field. In Ireland, the DeLacys 
were prominently identified with the rebell- 
ion in 1798. 

His parents, William DeLacy and Cath- 
erine (Boyle) DeLacy, were natives re- 
spectively, of county Wexford and Kil- 
kenny, Ireland, and were united in marriage 
in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, August I, 



753 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1832, where the subject of this sketch was 
born November 25, 1835. When he was 
nine years of age, his parents removed to 
Daleville, a small hamlet in Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, where his father purchased 
a tract of land and became one of the most 
prosperous fanners of Covington township. 
His son Patrick remained at home and 
worked on the farm and attended district 
school in a log school house during the 
winter until he was about eighteen years old. 
when he entered the employ of John Mee- 
han, a neighbor who owned a large tannery, 
to learn the trade of a tanner. Shortly after 
this in the spring of 1853, '^^ work of 
building the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western railroad from Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, to New York began. The line of this 
future great road ran close by the tannery, 
which induced William Dale and John Mee- 
han to establish a large general store near 
the Meehan tannery, of which young De- 
Lacy had charge ; he was also employed as 
a clerk in the Dale & Meehan store. 

On January 9, 1858, he was married to 
Rebecca E. Wonders, daughter of Jere- 
miah and Sarah A. Wonders of Wyoming, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania. Shortly 
after his marriage. Jay Gould, who after- 
wards became a noted financier and great 
railroad magnate, offered him the position 
of superintendent of the large tannery at 
Gouldsboro, in the Pocono mountains of 
Pennsylvania, then a wilderness with only 
a few log cabins, the habitations of the 
pioneer settler, hunter and trapper. The 
oflfer of Jay Gould was accepted condition- 
ally; that is to say, if the young wife of Mr. 
DeLacy would consent to going to Goulds- 
boro to reside; this Mrs. DeLacy refused 
to do, which decision lost for Gould a good 
man who might have been one of his most 
trusted lieutenants in years to come. 

In 1 861 Mr. DeLacy was foreman of the 
Hull tannery, at Bushkill, Pike county 
Pennsylvania, and being popular with the 
men employed under him, raised a company 
of volunteers among the loyal people of 



Pike and Monroe counties, Pennsylvania, 
whose services after enrollment were not 
needed, which compelled the disbandment 
of the company. After this, Mr. DeLacy 
removed to Trucksville, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, and leased the Rice tannery, 
and resumed the manufacture of leather, 
a business in which one of our country's 
greatest soldiers was engaged when he un- 
sheathed his sword on the side of the Union. 

In the summer of 1862, when the dread 
tocsin of Civil War again sounded in the val- 
leys, reverberated among the hills and rolled 
over the mountains of old Luzerne, this 
sturdy descendant of brave Celtic ancestors, 
whose names are famous in Irish history, 
enlisted as a private in Colonel Edmund 
L. Dana's 143rd Regiment of Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, at Camp Luzerne, in the Wyom- 
ing Valley, and on November 7th, 1862, 
with one thousand brave comrades, broke 
camp and marched to join the army of the 
Potomac, in whose serried columns it 
fought under the battle flags of Hooker, 
Meade and Grant. The 143rd Pennsylvania 
Volunteers is famous in history as one of 
"Foxe's Fighting Three Hundred Reg- 
iments," whose losses on the field of battle 
exceeded those of all others. In this superb 
command Captain DeLacy was honored as 
one of the bravest of the brave, sharing 
in every battle and skirmish. Soon after 
enlistment, he was made a corporal, and 
shortly afterwards was promoted to ser- 
geant. During the greater part of the 
bloody campaign in the Wilderness, he was 
in actual command of Company A (though 
ranking only as sergeant) by reason of 
casualties to the commissioned officers. 

A dramatic incident of the terrific fight- 
ing was a hand-to-hand fight with a division 
of Longstreet's corps, one of the fiercest 
struggles of the war. The enemy had taken 
a line of works and Captain DeLacy led a 
charge for their recover^'. The opposing 
forces fought desperately backwards and 
forwards over the works. At a critical 
moment the Union troops were driven back 



754 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from the works, and over the open held 
which they had a few minutes before 
charged across. A gallant Confederate 
bearing the Stars and Bars was in the fore- 
front of the counter-charge, and seemed to 
bear a charmed life. Captain DeLacy was 
within twenty-five yards of him, and, see- 
ing the necessity of the moment, determined 
upon the capture of the flag, and rushed 
for it, between both lines of fire, his clothing 
being scorched from both sides, but he 
marvellously escaping injury. He left the 
gallant flag bearer on the field, returning 
with the flag, and the act marked the final 
repulse of the enemy. For this act of signal 
bravery Captain DeLacy was later awarded 
the famous Congressional Medal of Hono; . 
He received on the field promotion to the 
rank of sergeant-major, the highest non- 
commissioned rank. 

To recount all the heroic deeds of this 
gallant officer would require a volume to 
itself, and mention can be made only of the 
most important. In June, 1864, he was 
sent to hospital on account of an injury to 
the knee in a forced night march against 
Petersburg. He remained there only one 
night, and despite the orders of the sur- 
geon he rejoined his regiment, though very 
lame. In the absence of commissioned of- 
ficers he resumed command of Company A, 
on the right of the regiment, and took part 
in what Colonel Chamberlain, brigade com- 
mander (and who was desperately wounded 
in the affair), pronounced to be "one of the 
finest charges of their career." The gallant 
command was suffering as much (perhaps 
more) from a Union battery in its rear 
than it was from the enemy's fire. Twice 
Captain DeLacy passed over the ground be- 
tween the two lines, receiving fire from 
both — once to bring succor to the LTnion 
wounded, and again to find the division 
commander, to explain the situation and re- 
ceive orders. Some days later, he aided in 
the repulse of a desperate charge by a Mis- 
sissippi brigade, and was told by a captured 
rebel, "My God, you have annihilated our 



best brigade — the only one that would vol- 
unteer to charge on you." On another oc- 
casion he penetrated the enemy's lines in 
the dark, in company with a comrade, and 
brought back valuable information, to his 
brigade commander. 

The 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry was 
brigaded with the Iron Brigade, commanded 
by Brigadier-General Edward S. Bragg, 
which was attached to the 3rd Division of 
the 5th Corps. After the engagement at 
Dabney's Mills, February 6th, 1865, which 
was its last battle, Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, 
Secretary of War, issued a complimentary 
order to the Iron Brigade then on the battle 
line, as follows, "This Brigade is hereby re- 
lieved from further duty at the front, for 
long continued and meritorious service." 
About the last of February, 1865, the Iron 
Brigade received marching orders to report 
at Grant's headquarters, where this brave 
body of battle-scarred veteran troops, made 
up of eight regiments of infantry were 
separated and specially detailed for guard 
duty at rebel prisons north of Mason and 
Dixon's line. Captain DeLacy's regiment 
was ordered to Hart Island, in New York 
Harbor, where upwards of four thousand 
Confederate prisoners of war, (mostly 
North Carolinians) were confined. While 
serving his country at Hart Island, Sergeant 
DeLacy was promoted to second lieutenant, 
and was further recommended for promo- 
tion to a captaincy, but before a commission 
could issue, the regiment was mustered out 
of service. A tribute paid to him by Colonel 
Charles M. Conyngham, of the 143rd Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, epitomizes what w^ls 
said of him by many superior officers and 
comrades, who had personal knowledge of 
his sterling value and heroic services: "I 
look upon Captain DeLacy as one of the 
most gallant men that ever wore a uniform, 
under any flag in the wide world. His cool- 
ness in danger, his sound military judg- 
ment, and especially his perception of the 
right thing to do under any circumstances, 
always made a wonderfully impression upon 



755 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



me. Had circumstances been more favor- 
able for bringing Captain DeLacy into pub- 
lic notice, I am satisfied he would have made 
a military record for himself second to no 
one's. Whether for military or civil trust, 
I can' most heartily endorse my friend Cap- 
tain DeLacy." General Joshua L. Cham- 
berlain expressed himself similarly, and 
warmly recommended the captain for pro- 
motion to major. 

Upon the night of the assassination of 
President Lincoln, Captain DeLacy was 
officer of the guard, and remained on duty 
until nine o'clock of the morning of April 
15th, 1865. Captain DeLacy, soon after 
sunrise on the forenoon of that sad day, 
was on his way to the officers' mess, and be- 
fore he arrived there he heard the rumor 
that Lincoln had been shot, and after pro- 
curing a copy of the "New York Herald," 
he returned to the rebel camp, and with a 
young Confederate drummer boy, went to 
the middle of the prison campus and 
ordered him to beat the assembly, which 
aroused the camp, and soon he was sur- 
rounded by acres of men, and there on a 
box he announced the death of the nation's 
great War President, and read an account 
of the same from the columns of the news- 
paper, which he still keeps as a sacred 
memento of one of the most mournful 
events in American history. After the Cap- 
tain got through, there was a profound 
silence, which was not broken until a hand 
was raised and a Confederate in a loud 
voice shouted, "Officer ! Officer ! We do not 
endorse assassination," and at the same time 
up went the hands of thousands of rebel 
comrades. Soon another with raised hand 
cried out, "Officer! Officer! We have lost 
our best friend ; Old Abe would forgive us," 
and still another exclaimed, "Officer! Offi- 
cer! The North will now persecute us" To 
this the Captain responded, "You my Con- 
federate friend over there, do not for a 
single moment entertain the thought that the 
North will persecute you for the fiendish 
act of the lunatic, crank or assassin, whose 



wicked hand has struck down the sincere 
and humane friend of the South, Abraham 
Lincoln." 

At the close of the war. Captain DeLacy 
returned to his home in Kingston, Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1867 he was appointed deputy 
United States marshal. He was elected to 
the legislature in 1871, was re-elected the 
following year, and on the expiration of his 
terai was appointed deputy sheriff. In 1877 
he was made chief of police of Scranton, a 
position which he resigned in 1885 to ac- 
cept the position of assistant postmaster 
under Hon. D. W. Connolly. In 1892 he 
was elected alderman from the Seventh 
Ward, and has succeeded himself to the 
present time. In each of these responsible 
positions he has acquitted himself with 
marked ability and strict fidelity, and is held 
in as high honor for his civil services as for 
those in the field. 

Perhaps no living man has enjoyed 
greater distinction among the veterans of 
the Civil War. He has been first vice-pres- 
ident of the Society of the Army of the Po- 
tomac; president of the First Army Corps 
Society; commander of the Medal of Honor 
Legion, U. S. A. ; commander of the De- 
partment of Pennsylvania, Grand Army of 
the Republic ; for forty-seven years pres- 
ident of the Association of the 143d Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers ; and has 
been aide on the staff of several national 
commanders of the Grand Army of the Re- ' 
public. An incident deserving of mention 
is a visit paid to him a few years ago by his 
intimate personal friend and former bri- 
gade commander. General Joshua L. Cham- 
berlain, who served four terms as Governor 
of the State of Maine. On this occasion 
the General requested that Captain DeLacy 
should write an extended account of his 
recollections of the engagement in front of 
Petersburg (in which the General was 
severely wounded), to be placed in the 
Chamberlain family library. To this the 
Captain acceded, and his account, repro- 
duced in the "Scranton Times," is one of 
'56 





Atlatttic Pubishma nEmiTximnf CoM 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the most circumstantial and thrilling nar- 
ratives of the war that has ever come under 
the eye of the present writer. 

Death has often visited the happy home 
of Captain DeLacy. His faithful and be- 
loved wife passed away April i6, 1899, and 
the following children survive her : Sarah 
Catharine, widow of Michael D. Roche, 
Esq., who at the time of his death was a 
prominent member of the Lackawanna bar ; 
Mary Elizabeth, wife of James Hicks, of 
New York; Anna C, wife of John Peel, 
of Hot Springs, Arkansas, and William P., 
a graduate of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and now a practicing physician in 
Springfield, Illinois. 

Treasured beyond e.xpression, are Captain 
DeLacy's relations with his old comrades, 
and the annual reunion of his regimental 
association is perhaps his happiest ex- 
perience, though saddened at each gathering 
with the loss of some who had attended 
each succeeding year. Each reunion has 
some pleasant feature of its own. At that 
of September 11, 1906, an eloquent address 
was delivered by Frank C. Mosier, Esq., of 
Pittston, Pennsylvania, and was of such 
merit that it was published at length in the 
Elizabeth (Xew Jersey) "Sunday Leader," 
of which General J. Madison Drake, his- 
torian of the Army and Navy Medal of 
Honor Legion of the United States (who 
died Nov. 28, 1913), was editor, and whose 
complimentary letter to Mr. Mosier gave the 
speech a prominent place in volume iv. of 
"Xew England Families," published by the 
Lewis Historical Publishing Company of 
New York. Perhaps, however, the most 
notable reunion of the 143d Regiment was 
that of July 2d, 3d, and 4th, 191 3 — the 
fiftieth anniversary of the battle of Gettys- 
burg. On that historic field, the survivors 
of the regiment encamped upon the very 
ground where in the long ago the combat 
raged the fiercest, and upon this sacred spot 
tbey fraternized with the fearless Virginians 
and brave Tenne.sseeans who followed the 
battle flags of Pickett, Armistead, Petti- 



grew, Kemper and Garnett, through the 
flame and smoke of roaring cannon to the 
base of Cemetery Hill. On the morning of 
July 2d, 1913, the survivors of the famous 
regiment marched to the National Soldiers' 
Monument in the Gettysburg National 
Park, and there amid thousands of graves 
of the known and unknown dead, each 
decorated with the starry banner of the free 
and the State flag of Penn.sylvania, patriot- 
ism's silent tribute to the memory of heroic 
comrades who fell at Gettysburg, answered 
roll call. Frank C. Mosier, Esq., of Pitts- 
ton, was orator on this historic occasion, 
which was made memorable by the election 
of Captain Patrick DeLacy for the forty- 
eighth time president of the regimental as- 
sociation, with headquarters at Scranton, 
the great anthracite coal metropolis of 
northeastern Pennsylvania. 



ROBINSON, John B., 

Naval Officer, Lairyer, Legislator. 

From North of Ireland ancestry comes 
John B. Robinson, eminent lawyer, State 
Senator, Congressman, and United States 
Marshal, now a resident of Media, Penn- 
sylvania. He is a grandson of General Wil- 
liam Robinson, a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature, the first mayor of Alle- 
gheny City, after its corporation (now 
Pittsburgh, North Side), first president of 
the Exchange Bank of Pittsburgh, United 
States Commissioner in 1842, a man thor- 
oughly respected and honored. He is said 
to have been the first white child born north 
and west of the Ohio river, and died 1868. 

William O'Hara Robinson, son of Gen- 
eral William Robinson, was a leading law- 
yer of Pittsburgh, and in 1844 was United 
States district attorney for the Western Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania. 

John Buchanan Robinson, son of William 
O'Hara Robinson, was born in .-Allegheny 
City, Pennsylvania, May 23, 1846. He at- 
tended the private schools in Pittsburgh, 
entered Western University, finishing at 



757 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Amherst College. In 1862 he attached him- 
self to Captain Riddle's company of the 
15th Pennsylvania Emergency Regiment, 
and in 1864 enlisted in active service. But 
the family already had two sons at the 
front, one of whom, Captain William 
O'Hara Robinson, of the 6ist Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, was killed at the 
battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864, and 
through the influence of his grandfather, 
John B. was released from service, much 
against his wish, and given an appointment 
as cadet of the United States Naval Acad- 
emy, Annapolis, by Congressman Thomas 
Williams, and sworn into service for eight 
years. He was graduated four years later 
in 1868, and was engaged in active sea duty 
until 1875, when he resigned, having risen 
to the rank of lieutenant. During his naval 
experience he visited nearly every country. 
He was three times in Europe, sailed around 
the world in the flag ship "Colorado," flying 
the pennant of Rear-Admiral John Rodgers. 
He was in Japan at the time of the Amer- 
ican expedition to Corea, in which Lieuten- 
ant McKee and a number of sailors and 
marines lost their lives in the attack on the 
Corean forts. In that same year, 1871, in 
company with Lieutenant Chipp (afterward 
lost with the Jeannette Polar expedition) 
Lieutenant Robinson was on the United 
States steamer "Monocacy," commanded by 
Captain McCrea, engaged on the hydro- 
graphic survey of the Yang-tse river. In 
the same year, as navigating officer of the 
United States sloop-of-war "Idaho," com- 
manded by Captain J. Crittenden Watson, 
he went through the exciting experience of 
a typhoon, which nearly sunk the "Idaho," 
although at anchor in Yokohoma harbor. 
While in Japan, Lieutenant Robinson was 
one of a company of United States naval 
officers accorded an interview with the 
hitherto rigidly exclusive Mikado of Japan, 
the interview having been arranged by Sir 
Henry Parkes, K. C. B., British minister to 
Yeddo, in defiance of precedent. In Au- 
gust, 1871, Lieutenant Robinson, with a 



party of American officers, made the ascent 
of Fuji-Yama, the famous sacred mountain 
peak of Japan, and accurately measured its 
height by instruments. Returning to the 
United States he served in 1873 on the 
Great Lakes on the steamer "Michigan," 
and in the fall of that year was ordered to 
New York as watch officer on the "Juniata." 
Later he sailed in the "Juniata" under sealed 
orders which proved to be to proceed to 
Santiago de Cuba and peremptorily demand 
the surrender of American citizens seized 
on the "Virginius" by the Spanish author- 
ities. On January i, 1875, after eleven 
years service, Lieutenant Robinson retired 
from the naval service, his resignation hav- 
ing been handed in the previous year. 

He returned to Pennsylvania and began 
the study of law under John G. Johnson in 
Philadelphia. In 1876 he was admitted to 
the Philadelphia bar, and in 1878 removed 
to Delaware county, where he was admitted 
to the bar of that county, and in the same 
year was admitted to practice in the Su- 
preme Courts of Pennsylvania. He ad- 
vanced rapidly in his profession, and as 
senior counsel for the defence in the case of 
Samuel Johnson, a colored man, charged 
with the murder of John Sharpless, he won 
a State-wide fame. This is one of the cele- 
brated cases in Pennsylvania reports, and 
was heard on appeals through different 
court, finally reaching the board of pardons. 
Mr. Robinson fought this case with such 
ability and pertinacity and argued it with 
such eloquence, that he saved the life of his 
client. Along with the practice of his pro- 
fession Mr. Robinson has carried a burden 
of official political responsibility. In 1884 he 
was elected to the State Legislature from 
Delaware county, was reelected two years 
later, and prominently mentioned for 
speaker. He was in the thick of the fray 
in the House^ making many noted speeches, 
particularly his anti-discrimination speech, 
his speech against Governor Pattison's veto 
of the indigent soldiers' burial bill, and his 
speech in favor of an increase in the length 



758 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of school terms, and the Brooks high license 
law, which resulted in passing the bills. In 
1888 he was a candidate for renomination 
to the House, but was defeated. In the fol- 
lowing campaign he was on the stump for 
his successful rival, and later was engaged 
by the Republican National Committee as a 
speaker in New York, Connecticut and New 
Jersey. In 1889 he secured the nomination 
for State Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, winning the honor on the first bai 
lot over Jesse M. Baker and James Watts 
Mercur. In this contest he was antagonized 
by the liquor interests and by those control- 
ling federal patronage. He led a success- 
ful fight, and as the "People's Candidate" 
completely changed the complexion of the 
old-time Republican rule in the county, also 
establishing himself as a leader in State 
politics. He won over his Democratic com- 
petitor, Hiram C. Hathaway, by 1559 ma- 
jority, and served with great honor as Sena- 
tor. While in the Senate in 1890 he was 
nominated on the Republican ticket for Con- 
gress in the Sixth District, comprising Ches- 
ter and Delaware counties. His opponents 
were Dr. J. L. Forward, of Chester, and 
Captain Isaac Johnson, of Media. He was 
renominated and elected twice afterwards, 
serving in all six years — in the Fifty-second, 
Fifty-third and Fifty- fourth congresses. 
Mr. Robinson is one of the most trenchant 
and vigorous political leader-writers in his 
State, and both pen and voice have often 
been used in aid of great reformatory meas- 
ures. Staunchly Republican, he is not so 
partisan as to smother independence, nor is 
he in the slightest degree a demagogue. He 
has opposed men and measures in his own 
party and has always had the support of the 
voters of his district to a large degree. As 
a speaker he is logical and convincing, often 
rising to the heights of true eloquence. He 
has delivered many memorable addresses in 
different cities, and one yet spoken of in 
praise was delivered at the reunion of the 
veterans of the 97th Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers in November, 1889, at West Chester, 



Pennsylvania. He has also gained success 
as a writer. While in the naval service he 
wrote a series of brilliant letters for the 
"Commercial Gazette" of Pittsburgh, and 
has since been a frequent and welcome con- 
tributor to the leading New York and Phil- 
adelphia journals. In 1881-82 he was chief 
editorial writer for the "Delaware County 
Gazette," of Chester, then owned by Au- 
gust Donath. In the winter of 1880, Mr. 
Robinson made his first essay on the lecture 
platform, beginning a career of success that 
brought him into prominence as a lecturer. 

Mr. Robinson is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; the Amer- 
ican Protestant Association; Knights of 
Pythias ; Order of Chosen Friends ; Knights 
of the Golden Eagle ; Improved Order of 
Red Men ; Independent Order of Me- 
chanics ; Bradbury Post, No. 149, Grand 
Army of the Republic, of which he was 
elected commander in 1884; and holds mem- 
bership in various other societies. A man 
of fine natural talents, developed in contact 
in political and professional life with the 
best association, blessed with a comprehen- 
sive education greatly extended by foreign 
travel, Mr. Robinson has used his gifts 
wisely and well. He illustrates in his own 
life the peculiar characteristics of the best 
birthright of the best type of American citi- 
zenship, the ability to succeed in political 
and professional life without resource to 
trickery. After a public and professional 
life of nearly forty years, Mr. Robinson, 
from the heights of success, can truly say 
that every step of his way has been hon- 
estly won, and that principle was never sacri- 
ficed for sordid gain. Since 1900 he has 
held the position of United States Marshal 
in the Philadelphia District. 

Lieutenant Robinson married, in St. 
Louis, Missouri, October 29, 1874, Eliza- 
beth Waddingham, daughter of Charles L. 
Gilpin, then of St. Louis, Missouri, grand- 
niece of Mayor Charles Gilpin, of Philadel- 
phia, a lineal descendant of Joseph Gilpin, 
of Dorchester, Oxfordshire, England, who 



759 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came to Pennsylvania in 1696, settling in 
Birmingham township, Delaware, then a 
part of Chester, county. Joseph Gilpin was 
of the sixteenth generation from Richard 
de Gueylpin, who had a grant in the reign 
of King John (1206) of the estate of Kent- 
mere, in the county of Westmoreland, Eng- 
land. By the union of Mr. Robinson and 
Miss Gilpin there were seven children born, 
four of whom survive: Mrs. Elizabeth 
Wyckoff, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ; Mrs. 
Adele Gilpin Miller. Mrs. Helen Robin- 
son Anderson and Miss Mildred Robinson, 
the three last named of Media, Pennsyl- 
vania. These children through their mother 
trace through twenty-one recorded genera- 
tions of Gilpins to the days of Magna 
Charta. The family home of the Robinsons, 
the "Gayley," is in Media, Pennsylvania. 

Besides the before named offices held by 
Mr. Robinson, he was appointed by Presi- 
dent McKinley, May i, 1900, United States 
Marshal for the Eastern District of Penn- 
sylvania, was reappointed in 1905 by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, and again reappointed in 
1912, by President Taft, and served until 
December i, 19 13, when he was succeeded 
by Frank S. Noonan, a Democrat, appointed 
by President Wilson. During the time Mr. 
Robinson was marshal he was elected a 
national delegate to the Republican Conven- 
tion in 1908, which nominated Mr. Taft for 
President. Of other offices held by Mr. 
Robinson was the presidency of the Repub- 
lican League of Clubs of Pennsylvania, dur- 
ing the years 1891, 1892 and 1893, succeed- 
ing the first president of the league, Hon. 
Edwin S. Stuart. He has been a candidate 
for minor offices, among those for lieu- 
tenant-governor of the State in 1894, being 
defeated for the nomination, although elect- 
ing ninety-seven delegates against the com- 
bined opposition of all the prominent leaders 
of the party in the commonwealth. He was 
an unsuccessful applicant for the position 
of Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In 
1897 President McKinley appointed Theo- 
dore Roosevelt through the influence of 



Mrs. Bellamy Storer, one of the Longworth 
family of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

During Mr. Robinson's service in Con- 
gress he was on the Columbian Exposition 
Committee and the Naval Committee, and 
twice was a member, by appointment of the 
speaker, to the board of visitors to the 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland. 
In 1896 in this position he was president of 
the board, and delivered the annual address 
at the commencement of the graduating 
class. His public record. State and Na- 
tional, covers a period of over forty years, 
and he is yet, although a private citizen, one 
of the most active and influential of the Re- 
publican leaders of the county of Delaware, 
and the State in which he resides. 



KOONS, Tilghman Benjamin, 

Prominent Railway Official. 

The achievement of Tilghman Benjamin 
Koons, vice-president of the Central Rail- 
way Company of New Jersey, illustrates 
what may be accomplished by the pluck and 
perseverance of an ambitious person. With- 
out any special preparation for such work, 
or the influence of "pull" with officials or 
otherwise, he has progressed from telegraph 
operator and a wayside station agency, to 
that of an important official of the company. 
In early life he designed to fit himself for 
teaching along certain lines and branches, 
and with that end in view, shaped his 
studies. Through a sort of chance he was 
led into what has proven to be his life work ; 
and that too for which he has shown a 
natural aptitude. 

His father, Daniel Koons, was a builder 
and cabinet-maker, who during a number 
of years of his active life was located at the 
village of Kuntzford, later changed to 
Treichlers in Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, from thence he moved to Walnut- 
port, same county, where he resided during 
the latter years of his hfe and died in March 
191 3, aged eighty-seven years. He married 
Sarah Shipe, daugliter of Jacob and Eliza- 



760 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



beth (Bush) Shipe, from near Laubachs, in 
Northampton county, now Northampton, 
Pennsylvania, and had issue, among others, 
two sons, namely : Tilghman Benjamin 
Koons, of whom more hereafter; and Mil- 
ton Alfred Koons, born in 1S53, at Treich- 
lers, Pennsylvania. He is auditor of coa' 
traffic for the Central Railroad of New Jer- 
sey; resides at Walnutport, Pennsylvania; 
married Laura Yundt, of Weissport, Penn- 
sylvania, and has one son, Dana Koons. 

Tilghman Benjamin Koons, son of Dan- 
iel and Sarah (Shipe) Koons, was born 
May 29, 1852, at Treichlers, a small village 
in Northampton county, Pennsylvania, 
about forty miles northwest of Easton. His 
early education was such as was afforded 
by the public schools of Pennsylvania ; he 
then studied under Professor Atwater, of 
Brown University, Rhode Island, and after- 
ward took a special business course at East- 
man's Business College, of Poughkeepsie, 
New York. During his vacation from 
school work he studied telegraphy, and en- 
tered the employ of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad in the latter part 
of 1869 as telegraph operator. In 1870 he 
became a clerk in the General Freight 
Agent's office of the Lehigh Valley Rail- 
road, at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, and 
continued with that company until 1876, 
when he resigned on account of impaired 
health. 

After several years spent in recuperation, 
he again took up railroad work in the latter 
part of 1880, by which he became Soliciting 
Freight Agent of the Central Railroad Com- 
pany of New Jersey, with headquarters at 
Elmira, New York, and covered territory 
north and west of Elmira, to and including 
Buffalo. In 1887 he was advanced to Gen- 
eral Agent of the Central Railroad of New 
Jersey ; then to Division Freight Agent, and 
afterward to Division Freight and Pass- 
enger Agent, with an office at Mauch 
Chunk, Pennsylvania. In 1893 he was ad- 
vanced to the position of General Freight 
Agent of the Central Railroad of New Jer- 
sey, with an office at 143 Liberty street, 



New York City; and on December 23, 1902, 
he was appointed Freight Traffic Manager, 
which jxjsition he held until January i, 
1913, when he was elected Vice-President 
and Freight Traffic Manager of the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey. He has been with 
that company now for more than thirty- 
three years of continuous service, and has 
thus become generally known to the ship- 
ping public as a genial and affable repre- 
sentative of the Jersey Central. 

On May 30th, 1876, he married Cornelia 
Elizabeth Benjamin, daughter of David and 
Cornelia (Smith) Benjamin, of an old New 
England family, who moved some years 
previous from Connecticut to Beavertown 
(now Lincoln Park), Morris county. New 
Jersey. She was born May 16, 1851, at the 
village of now Lincoln Park, Morris county, 
New Jersey, and is the mother of three 
children, namely: i. Olive, born at Slating- 
ton, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania ; married 
Dr. Norman Hayes Probasco, of Plain- 
field, New Jersey, and has one child, John 
Tilghman Probasco. 2. Chauncey Ben- 
jamin, born at Walnutport, Pennsylvania, 
married a daughter of Ex-Judge William 
Vreeland, of Orange, New Jersey. 3. 
Lucius Tilghman, born at Slatington, Le- 
high county, Pennsylvania, married Olive 
Bogardus, of Plainfield, New Jersey. 

The early ambition of Mr. Koons was to 
devote his life to educational work, but his 
necessities diverted him to railroad business, 
for which he developed a natural aptitude; 
hence he has continued with an unusual de- 
gree of success. He is a member of the 
Railroad Club of New York City, and of 
the Pennsylvania Society of New York. In 
politics he afTiliates with the Republican 
party; and is a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian church. 



DESHLER, Oliver R., 

Large Copper Operator. 

The field of business is limitless, its 
prizes are many, and yet comparatively few 
who enter the "world's broad field of bat- 



761 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tie" come off victors in the struggle for suc- 
cess and prominence. This is usually due to 
one or many of several causes — superficial 
preparation, lack of close application, or an 
unwise choice in selecting an avocation for 
which one is unfitted. The reverse of all 
these has entered into the prosperity and 
prominence which Mr. Deshler has gained 
as a representative of the industrial manu- 
facturing interests of Bangor. He was 
thoroughly trained for the pursuit which 
he has always followed and in which he 
embarked as a young man, and his native 
talent and acquired ability seem to have 
especially fitted him for this business, the 
manufacture of high hall clock cases and 
piano trusses. 

Mr. Deshler is descended from one of the 
old families of the Lehigh Valley. His 
grandfather, David Deshler, was a man of 
the highest respectability, who enjoyed the 
full confidence of his fellow citizens. To 
him and his wife Sophronia were born three 
children: i. Tilghman. 2. Sarah, wife of 
Solomon Kline, of Allentown, and they 
have four children: Elmina, Charles, 
Emma, and Amanda. 3. Reuben Deshler, 
the father of our subject, who was born 
in Cedarville, Pennsylvania, in 1842. He 
became a blacksmith, and in addition to the 
coiflduct of his shop he owned and culti- 
vated a small farm. He was a good me- 
chanic, but is now living retired. His wife 
bore the maiden name of Henrietta Ritter, 
and to them were born four children : 
Charles D., Henry D., Emma D., and Oliver 
R. The mother departed this life in 1877. 

Oliver R. Deshler was born at Emaus, 
Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, May 26, 
1861, and was reared and educated in his 
native town. In early life he learned the 
cabinetmaker's trade in Easton, Pennsyl- 
vania, to which city he removed in 1880, 
there spending eight years. In 1888 he went 
to Philadelphia, where he spent less than a 
year. Returning then to Easton, he entered 
the employ of W. J. Daub, with whom he 
remained for a year and a half. In 1891 



he removed to Belvidere, New Jersey, 
vi'here with his brother, Henry D., he en- 
tered into the wholesale and retail furniture 
business, being successfully engaged in that 
for nine years. In 1901 he came to Bangor^ 
and began the manufacture of tall clock 
cases and piano trusses, in addition to the 
slate industry. In this he was associated 
with J. S. Moyer, but the slate work proved 
detrimental to the wood working business 
of Mr. Deshler, and in the following year 
(1902) he built and equipped his present 
plant. He uses a forty-two horse-power 
engine, together with a sixty horse-power 
boiler, and thirty-seven men are employed 
in the works. The business herein con- 
ducted amounts to $30,000 per annum, and 
the capacity will allow an increase to $75,- 
000. Already Mr. Deshler has become 
widely known as the proprietor of this 
manufactory, and is building up a business 
which is increasing steadily to a most grati- 
fying extent. 

Mr. Deshler does not, however, confine 
his attention wholly to this work, for he is 
also a large stockholder in the Pahaquarry 
Copper Company. The properties of the 
corporation comprise fee-simple title to 
1,602 acres of valuable copper lands in 
Pahaquarry township, Warren county, 
New Jersey, more than three and one-half 
miles in length, and with an average width 
of about a half a mile. The many copper 
bearing veins run the entire length of the 
property, outcropping nearly five hundred 
feet above the Delaware river, at an angle 
of forty-five degrees. Calculations show 
fifteen or sixteen million tons of ore, con- 
taining nearly four million pounds of cop- 
per, without going below the water level. 
The mines were rudely developed by the 
Dutch and Indians as early as 1660, and the 
product was carried over a wagon road cut 
through the forest for more than one hun- 
dred miles to Esopus (now Kingston), 
whence it was shipped to Holland for treat- 
ment. The mines were purchased by the 
Allegheny Mining Company in 1862, but 



762 




(9r^-<%^i. . 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were not adequately worked, and were sub- 
sequently abandoned. In recent years it 
was discovered that the mines had been 
worked only to a limited extent, and that 
they still contained an abundance of ore — in 
fact, a greater quantity than had ever been 
dreamed of. In 1902 the property was 
purchased by Mr. Deshler and his brother, 
Henry D. Deshler, who are the largest 
stockholders in the Pahaquarry Copper 
Company, of which O. R. Deshler is presi- 
dent, and H. D. Deshler is secretary. They 
erected buildings and installed a new plant 
with a capacity of two hundred tons per 
diem, having the same completed before the 
expiration of 1904. The Pahaquarry Copper 
Company also owns in fee simple two hun- 
dred and fifty acres of valuable mineral 
property on the east slope of Blue Moun- 
tain, near the great offset at Tott's Gap, 
Pennsylvania, which contains well defined 
veins of gold and silver bearing rock assay- 
ing from a few dollars to $36 per ton — the 
same class of rock as is found at Leadville, 
Colorado. A tunnel of one hundred and 
forty feet was driven across several veins, 
and the property developed. 

On November 12, 1881, occurred the 
marriage of Mr. Deshler and Miss Carrie 
A. Balliet, who was born September 26, 
1863, in Emaus, Lehigh county, Pennsyl- 
vania. To them have been born eight chil- 
dren : I. George Oliver, born May 12, 1884. 

2. Harry Herbert, born January 9, 1886. 

3. May Knauss, born November 22, 1887, 
died April 28, 1892. 4. Edna Naoma, born 
June 19, 1890. 5. Walter Balliet, born 
May 13, 1892. 6. Ruth Olive, born March 
27, 1894. 7. Dorothy Elbertha, born July 
29, 1896. 8. Beatrice Ellen, born August 
16, 1899. 

Mr. Deshler is a member of Belvidere 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., also belongs to the en- 
campment, and is a past chief officer in both 
branches. He is likewise a member of the 
grand lodge of the State of New Jersey, 
and holds membership relation with the 



Woodmen. He stands to-day as one of the 
representative business men of Northamp- 
ton county — strong in his honor and good 
name, strong to plan and to perform, and 
now successfully controlling interests of 
considerable magnitude in the business 
world. 



THOMSON, Wilmer Worthington, 

Journalist, Artist. 

Wilmer Worthington Thomson, editor of 
the "Daily Local News," West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, was born March 26, 1842, 
in Willistown township. His parents, Aaron 
B. and Harriet (Evans) Thomson, were 
also born in the same township, and his 
paternal grandparents, David Thomson and 
Phebe Thomas, were natives of Chester 
county. 

Aaron B. Thomson was educated in the 
common schools, but he was taught so 
thoroughly and added so largely to his 
knowledge through private studies, that he 
became a well equipped teacher and gave 
his long life most usefully to school work 
in Chester county, and almost to the time 
of his death, at the age of eighty-two years. 
To him were born four children, of whom 
three were also teachers for longer or 
shorter periods. 

1. Joseph Addison Thomson, who, after 
teaching school for some years, entered the 
consular service in Washington City. In 
1870 he became editor of the "Chester 
News." He subsequently returned to ac- 
cept appointment as postmaster at Media, 
and died while occupying that position. He 
married Rebecca L. Owen, and they be- 
came the parents of one son and three 
daughters, all of whom are living except 
one daughter. 

2. Mary Emma was also a teacher prior 
to her marriage to John O. K. Robarts, of 
Phcenixville, editor of "The Messenger." 
To them were born three children, of whom 
one is living. 



763 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



3. Milton Wilson Thomson, deceased, 
was a teacher for many years and afterward 
a machinist in the PhcEnixville Iron Works. 
He married Emaline Wersler, and they be- 
came the parents of six children. 

4. Wilmer Worthington Thomson was 
educated in the public schools and labored 
for a time in the iron works in Phoenixville. 
Circumstances, however, soon led to the 
profession in which he found his life work. 
While yet a workman in the iron works he 
wrote correspondence for county papers, 
and he also published an advertising sheet, 
"Everybody's Business," having the print- 
ing done in Philadelphia, and distributing 
the paper himself in Phoenixville and Potts- 
town. This paper was discontinued after 
a year, and Mr. Thomson then began the 
publication of the "Weekly Legal Tender" 
at Phoenixville, a local sheet, which was 
continued for one year. Somewhat latei 
he took up correspondence for the "West 
Chester Jeffersonian," and six months after- 
ward (in August, 1871,) became local editor 
of the paper, a position which he rehn- 
quished in the following year to assist in 
founding the journal with which he has 
since been uninterruptedly connected. 

The germ of the "Daily Local News" was 
the publication by Mr. Thomson of the 
"Daily Institute News," during the five 
days session of the Teachers' County In- 
stitute in the early fall of 1872. This was 
a small four-page sheet issued each morn- 
ing, containing the program for the day, 
and several columns of local news, with 
some advertisements. The little journal, 
which was distributed free, met with such 
favor in the eyes of the business community, 
as well as of the teachers, and its discon- 
tinuance when the occasion for its publi- 
cation had ended, evoked such expressions 
of regret, that Mr. Thomson was en- 
couraged to essay the introduction of the 
"Daily Local News," in association with 
Mr. William H. Hodgson, its publisher. 
The first issue on November 19, 1872, was 



a diminutive four column folio with a page 
size of I2j^ by 8% inches. The enterprise 
was entered upon without solicitation of a 
subscription or an advertisement, and the 
first two issues were distributed gratui- 
tously. It is not the province of the writer 
of these pages to present a history of the 
journal which had so modest a beginning. 
Suffice it to say that it steadily grew in 
favor, soon acquiring a large patronage and 
making repeated enlargements, until it has 
long been known as one of the most im- 
portant journals in the State, outside the 
great financial and commercial centers. It 
has steadfastly adhered to the principles 
which actuated its coming into existence — 
that of being fair and liberal to all parties, 
sects and creeds. This policy has found 
appreciation in such generous patronage 
that the paper was long since obliged to in- 
stall a plant of metropolitan pattern and 
extent, with perfecting presses, linotype 
machines, and a complete stereotyping out- 
fit. It is of interest to note in this connec- 
tion that this was the first inland newspaper 
in the United States to call to its service 
a perfecting press. Through all these years 
from its initial number to the present time, 
Messrs. Hodgson and Thomson have been 
the sole conductors of "The News." The 
former named in the capacity of proprietor 
and the latter named in that of editor. 

A facile and forceful writer, Mr. Thom- 
son has not confined his labors to his own 
newspaper, but has been an industrious con- 
tributor to various other journals. For a 
long time he was local correspondent for 
the "New York Herald," and he was for 
twenty-two years correspondent for the 
"Philadelphia Times," and for eleven years 
for the "Philadelphia Ledger." For 
several years past he has been the local 
correspondent for the "Philadelphia North- 
American" and "Philadelphia Inquirer," 
and he has been the West Chester repre- 
sentative of the Associated Press and "The 
Philadelphia Evening Telegraph" for 



764 




s PucUshui^ Co 



^^^mfm^ 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



several years past. He gave evidence of 
artistic taste in liis early youth, and later 
in life became a pupil of Carl Weber. Paint- 
ing in oil and water colors is his favorite 
I)ursuit in leisure hours, and his works have 
long been in demand for presentation pur- 
poses. 

Mr. Thomson enlisted in the Civil War, 
May 20, 1861, as a musician in the Phoenix 
Military Band of Phcenixville, and served 
through the first three months service 
period. In 1862 he became chief clerk to 
Captain John F. Hazleton, A. Q. M., Sec- 
ond Brigade. Third Division, Third Army 
Corps, (later of the Sixth Corps), and for 
several months was chief clerk to Captain 
McKee, C. S., of same brigade. In 1864 
he was given the position of roll clerk to 
Captain J. C. Mann, Post A. Q. M.. at 
Winchester, Virginia, and remained in that 
position until May 24, 1865, when the cler- 
ical corps was disbanded at Camp Stone- 
man, near Washington. Immediately fol- 
lowing his discharge there, he was appointed 
chief clerk to Major Forsythe, on General 
Kirkpatrick's staff, then preparing to go to 
Texas, but sickness interfered and he was 
released from his obligation. 

Mr. Thomson was married to Miss 
Frances O. Wilson, daughter of Alexander 
Wilson, of Newark, New Jersey, who was 
a merchant, at one time a member of the 
legislature, and at the time of his death was 
connected with the New York City post- 
ofiice. Mrs. Thomson was educated in the 
public and select schools in Newark, and 
in the Somerville (New Jersey) Seminary. 
The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Thom- 
son were: i. Nellie G., who became the 
wife of Charles H. Morgan (now de- 
ceased), of West Chester; children: 
Francis W., Donald T. 2. Elizabeth Wil- 
son, at home with parents. 3. William 
Hodgson, on reportorial staff of "Daily 
Local News" ; married ; children : Marian 
Lewis, Wilmer W., Robert A., Osborne. 4. 
Rachel P. Thomson, at home with parents. 



FIELD, George B. Wood, 

Physician, Professional Instructor and 
Author. 

Dr. George B. Wood Field is a represent- 
ative of a family, members of which, in 
several generations, have attained eminence 
in the medical profession. 

Richard Field, grandfather of George 
Bacon Wood Field, was boni in England, 
and was a student of Sir Astley Cooper; 
also a graduate of the University of Lon- 
don, and a member of tlie Royal College of 
Surgeons of England. 

Cridland Crocker Field, son of Dr. Rich- 
ard Field, was bom February 18, 1817, on 
board the ship "Ann," on her arrival from 
England, within the bounds of Queens 
county. New York. In his name was in- 
corporated that of Captain Crocker, who 
commanded the vessel, and who covered him 
with the American flag. The family settled 
in Philadelphia, where the lad received an 
excellent education. After completing his 
literary studies he read medicine under the 
tutelage of Dr. William E. Horner, and 
later entered the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, graduating in 1837 with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. The following year 
he opened an office at Bethlehem, and after 
a short time removed to Easton, where he 
practiced his profession almost uninter- 
ruptedly for fifty years, attaining special 
eminence as a surgeon. He married Susan- 
nah, daughter of Jacob and Susan Free- 
man, and the following children were bom 
to them: William Gibson; Emma, wife of 
Dr. R. W. Amidon, of New York City; 
Belle, wife of Henry D. Carryl, also of New 
York City ; E. Horner, and Charles, de- 
ceased ; George Bacon Wood, mentioned 
below ; and Benjamin Rush, a sketch of 
whom appears elsewhere in this work. Dr. 
Field, the father, died December 3, 1886, 
widely and sincerely lamented, both as an 
able and conscientious physician, and sur- 
geon, and a public-spirited citizen. 



765 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



George Bacon Wood Field, son of Crid- 
land Crocker and Susannah (Freeman) 
Field, was born February i, 1859, in 
Easton, Pennsylvania, and received his 
preparatory education in the public schools 
of his native city, graduating in 1876. 
Choosing as his life work the profession in 
which numbers of his ancestors had gained 
distinction, he began a course of medical 
study under the preceptorship of his father, 
later entering the Medical Department of 
the University of Pennsylvania, from which 
institution he graduated in 1881, receiving 
the award of distinguished merit for his 
graduation thesis. While a student at the 
university he founded the H. C. Wood Med- 
ical Society, an organization which has since 
grown to be one of the most powerful among 
the students' societies. After graduating. Dr. 
Field at once entered upon the practice of 
his profession, which he has continued to 
the present time. Second only to his enr 
thusiasm for his chosen profession is his 
devotion to music, his talent for which de- 
veloped at a very early age, and to the study 
of which he has given all the time consistent 
with due attention to his professional duties. 
Music has been all his life his great delight 
and recreation and he enjoys the friendship 
of many world-famous artists. 

As a loyal son of Easton, Dr. Field has 
ever given his lively interest and hearty co- 
operation to all projects for the welfare and 
progress of his native city, and is a member 
of its board of trade. He is a fellow of the 
American Medical Association and a mem- 
ber of the State and County Medical So- 
cieties, and affiliates with the Chi Phi fra- 
ternity. His political associations are with 
the Democratic party and he is a member of 
the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Dr. Field is the author of "Contributions 
to the Physiology of the Spinal Cord and 
Adjacent Parts," and has contributed 
articles to the "Journal of Nervous and 
Mental Diseases," and the "Journal of 
Physiology." 

Dr. Fields married, April 24, 1883, Mar- 



garet Alice Pyatt, and they have been the 
parents of two children: Cridland Crocker, 
who died August 9, 1901, and Margaret 
Susan, who survives. As a citizen. Dr. 
Field has labored for reform and good 
government. As a physician, his record is 
worthy of a representative of a family the 
name of which, "on both sides of the sea," 
is synonymous with distinction in the med- 
ical profession. 



McCAUSLAND, William Clifton, 

IT. S. Steel Company Official. 

Pittsburgh is perpetual. The Iron City 
has within her the germs of age-long growth 
and endurance. From base to capital her 
wealth is real because it is the product of the 
brains and ability of real men, — men of the 
type of William Clifton McCausland, treas- 
urer of the Carnegie Steel Company and 
officially connected with other industrial and 
financial organizations. Mr. McCausland 
has been, thus far, a life-long resident of his 
native city and is prominently associated 
with her most essential interests. 

Mr. McCausland's ancestors belonged to 
the Clan MacAuslane, of Glenduglas, Scot- 
land, some of whom migrated to Ireland in 
the time of James the First, served in the 
army of Ireland before 1649, ^"^ settled in 
Tyrone. There was also a branch which 
emigrated to Ireland in the time of James 
VI., from the ancient Scottish house of 
MacAuslane, (or the son of Auslane), of 
Buchanan. The family has representatives 
at present in the nobility of Ireland and 
possesses large estates. The coat-of-arms 
are: Or, a boar's head erased between 
three boars passant az. armed or. langued 
gu. and charged with a crescent of the sec- 
ond. Motto: Virtus sola nobilitas. 

Sometime during the latter part of the 
seventeenth century, the exact period not 
known, there came to Carlisle, Pennsylva- 
nia, a stranger, John McCausland by name, 
fresh from the classic grounds of old Glas- 
gow, Scotland, highly equipped and finely 



766 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



qualified as an educator of youth. In his 
personal appearance he was above the aver- 
age stature, a noble specimen of a Scottish- 
Irishman, a man of fine manners and ad- 
dress. He found a vacancy at Carlisle in 
the line of his purpose, as an educator, 
where he was soon installed and actively 
engaged in his business. The unsettled and 
demoralized condition of the country at 
that period of our history superinduced by 
the long oppression of the colonies by the 
Mother Country in her cruel and unjust 
exactions, together with the severe struggle 
of the Revolution for our liberty and inde- 
pendence, made the schoolmaster quite an 
important factor in the upbuilding of our 
nation and country, and hence at this time 
there was quite a demand for well qualified 
men for the high schools springing up 
everywhere, and Carlisle soon found a rival 
for her prince of the birch rod. Staunton, 
Virginia, had heard of his fame and put in 
a strong call and such inducements as 
caused him to remove thither with his fam- 
ily, consisting of three children, a son and 
two daughters — James, Elizabeth and Patsy 
— he being a widower at the time. James, 
the son, remained in Cumberland county, 
having married a wife there. Elizabeth 
married a Mr. Hugh Glenn, a farmer; and 
Patsy, who was reputed to be peerless for 
her queenly beauty and dignity, married a 
Captain Samuel Frame, one of the "upper 
ten," a wealthy farmer, by which marriage 
they had two daughters ; the first born, Mal- 
vina, seemed to have inherited all the moth- 
er's grace and beauty at her maturity, and 
married a Colonel Cheatwood, of Ken- 
tucky, a distinguished lawyer, and with her 
younger sister left for that state. Mrs. 
Hugh Glenn raised a family, the elder, a son 
George, seeming to inherit largely the taste 
and talent of the grandfather for literary 
pursuits. After maturing he engaged in 
the mercantile business and married a wife, 
a Miss Polly Anderson. They had one 
child as the result of their marriage, and 
named him after his grandfather, Hugh 



Glenn. During his minority his father mi- 
grated to Paris, Pike county, Missouri, and 
after the education of his boy he prepared 
him for the medical profession. The boy, 
however, had some wild oats to sow, and as 
a starting point arranged an expedition with 
others across the plains on the old Santa 
Fe route to Mexico, which proved a success, 
and thus encouraged, he tried a second and 
third, and so on until he became quite a 
mark for the marauding Indian parties who 
infested the country and lived by murdering 
and plundering the traders. He had some 
very narrow, indeed miraculous, escapes of 
his life. He concluded to stop oiT on that 
line and try something else. In the mean- 
time he had married a wife, in pursuance of 
a school boy arrangement and left her at his 
father's, in Missouri, while he proceeded 
to sow out his stock of wild oats. His next 
enterprise was to purchase a large body of 
the. fine wheat raising land in California, 
and turned his attention to wheat growing 
in which he seemed remarkably successful. 
In the year 1876 he had some forty-five 
thousand acres sowed in wheat, independent 
of what he realized from a ranch he had be- 
come the owner of in Nebraska, and also 
another in Oregon, which was under the 
management of his son. He shipped his 
wheat direct to England. About this time 
he was taken up by one of the parties as a 
candidate for governor of California, 
against his wish, and was only defeated by 
a small majority. About this time there was- 
a palatial mansion with beautifully laid out 
and decorated grounds, the fancy castle of 
some foreigner, put on the market for sale. 
It had cost some hundred thousand dollars, 
and Dr. Glenn became the purchaser, for 
some fifty thousand dollars, and christened 
it "Glenn Wood." 

James McCausland, the son who remained 
in Cumberland count)', married Patsy Bell, 
a daughter of one of Miftiin township's 
farmers. 

About the year 1804 he found his way to 
the neighborhood of Staunton, Virginia. 



767 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



where his father was still located as the 
principal head of the school. James was 
rather inclined to roving, and for several 
years did not settle himself permanently, 
and became more dissatisfied as he pro- 
longed his stay. He was a staunch opposer 
of slavery, and having now seen its practical 
workings he determined to leave and return 
to Pennsylvania, and as this period included 
the time of our last war trouble with the 
Mother Country (England), it fell to his 
lot to have a share in that little unpleasant- 
ness, and it caused him by exposure in camp 
life a serious loss of health from which he 
never fully recovered. He had a family 
of ten children, five daughters and five 
sons — John, the elder; Andrew Bell, Sam- 
uel Bell, William A., and James ; these com- 
posed the McCausland stock to perpetuate 
the grandfather's name. 

William Clifton McCausland was born 
August 9, 1861, in Fourth avenue, Pitts- 
burgh, and is a son of William A. and 
Margaret (Mackerell) McCausland. His 
education was received in the public schools 
of the Fourth Ward of Allegheny. Not 
only in the matter of acquiring an edu- 
cation may Mr. McCausland be said to have 
"walked in the steps of his illustrious 
predecessor." His first employment was 
that of a messenger boy, in which capacity, 
as everyone knows, the greatest of the steel 
magnates (Carnegie) entered upon his 
world-famous career. The parallel may be 
traced further, for Mr. McCausland, who 
was employed by Bradstreet's Mercantile 
Agency, did not long remain in the humble 
position in which he began. By dint of 
close observation, joined to innate ability, 
he speedily acquired sufficient knowledge 
of the ways of business to fill the position 
of cost clerk and purchasing agent for the 
firm of Bailey, Farrell & Company, with 
whom he remained eight years. After 
spending another year as bookkeeper for the 
Iron City Tool Works, he became in 1887 
assistant bookkeeoer for the H. C. Frick 



Coal Company. Three months later he was 
made cashier— a fact which speaks for itself 
— and retained that position until 1890, 
when he became cashier for Carnegie, 
Phipps & Company, Limited. As the years 
went by, his duties broadened, and con- 
fidence in his ability became more and more 
firmly rooted, in consequence of which he 
was appointed, on the consolidation of the 
two Carnegie interests, cashier of the en- 
larged corporation. In 1900 Mr. McCaus- 
land's work and character received their 
most signal recognition. He then became 
assistant treasurer of the Carnegie Steel 
Company, and the changes incidental to the 
acquirement of the Carnegie Company by 
the United States Steel Corporation ad- 
vanced him to his present position. 

To give a complete history of the Car- 
negie Steel Company approximates to the 
impossible, so extensive and conspicuous 
have been its exploits in steel manufactur- 
ing. From an insignificant beginning, the 
business has grown in half a century into an 
aggregation of great plants, and has aston- 
ished Europe by the scope and rapidity of 
its production. In 1858, Andrew and Anto 
Kloman, in a wooden shed, in a suburb of 
Pittsburgh, set up a forge and trip-hammer, 
successfully making axles out of scrap, An- 
drew Kloman, by his inventive genius, in- 
venting one of superior quality. This was 
the starting point. To supply the demand 
for Kloman's axles, increased capital was 
soon required, and $1,600 was invested by 
Thomas N. Miller, who arranged that in 
the enterprise he should be represented by 
Henry Phipps. The Civil War brought 
government contracts, and the original 
crude plant proved inadequate. In 1863 
was erected what was for those times an 
extensive mill, and about this time Thomas 
M. Carnegie, with funds said to have been 
furnished by his brother Andrew, became 
the business associate of Kloman, Phipps 
& Miller. The world knows the rest — how 
the company, by the magnificence of its 
768 




\ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



achievements, has caused the United States 
to surpass Great Britain and every other 
competing nation. 

Among the various subsidiary corpora- 
tions in which Mr. McCausland is in- 
terested, is the Carnegie Land Company, 
in which he is a director. He is also treas- 
urer and director of the Clairton Steel Com- 
pany, treasurer of the Union Steel Com- 
pany, and a director in the Pittsburgh Life 
and Trust Company. Ability to read the 
future is one of Mr. McCausland's most 
marked characteristics, and this, joined to 
his accurate knowledge of men, renders his 
official services peculiarly valuable, and has 
enabled him to supply himself with as- 
sistants who seldom fail to meet his expecta- 
tions. 

No citizen is more keenly alive to the 
promotion of the welfare of Pittsburgh than 
is Mr. McCausland, and while he has al- 
ways been too busy a man to take any 
active part in politics, nevertheless, as a 
vigilant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, he renders loyal support to all 
movements which, in his judgment, make 
for the betterment of existing conditions. 
His political principles are those of a 
staunch Republican. Ever ready to re- 
spond to any deserving call made upon him, 
he is widely but unostentatiously charitable. 
He takes special interest in musical matters, 
and for some years was president of the 
Apollo Club, also belonging to the well 
known Haydn Quartette, and filling the 
place of tenor in the choir of the East Lib- 
erty Presbyterian Church. His club mem- 
bership is in the Country Club of Pitts- 
burgh, the Duquesne Club, Bellefield Club, 
Pittsburgh Athletic Association, and Penn- 
sylvania Society of New York. 

The clear mind and indomitable determi- 
nation which, in combination with the 
strictest integrity, have constituted the foun- 
dation of Mr. McCausland's success, are 
imprinted upon his countenance. He looks 
what he is — a rapid-fire business man, of 
keen vision, quick judgment and unfailing 



self-reliance. It has often been said of him 
that he glories in obstacles, and his extra- 
ordinary success in overcoming them would 
seem to corroborate the statement. Genial 
and courteous on all occasions, and of 
unswerving loyalty in friendship, he is be- 
loved of many and respected by all. 

Mr. McCausland married, February 9, 
1893, Margaret Alice, daughter of Robert 
L. and Annie (Bockstoce) Crouch, thus 
gaining the life companionship of a charm- 
ing and congenial woman, one fitted by 
native refinement, a bright mind and a 
thorough musical education, for the social 
position she occupies, and withal possessed 
of a perfect domesticity, a combination of 
traits which renders her an ideal helpmate 
for a man like Mr. McCausland, who is de- 
voted to home life and home ties, and whose 
strenuous duties imperatively demand that 
he find at his own fireside a place of refuge 
and repose. Both Mr. and Mrs. McCaus- 
land delight in the exercise of hospitality, 
and their beautiful residence in the East 
End is a scene of much entertaining. Their 
summer home, "Cedar Clifif," is a lovely 
place on Wolfe Island, Canada. 

Among the steel cities of the world, Pitts- 
burgh is supreme. Her steel works and 
blast furnaces give employment to seventy- 
five thousand men, and have carried the 
prestige of American industrial achievement 
to the remotest ends of the earth. The city 
owes this imperial era of her history to men 
who, like radium, seem to possess the secret 
of perpetual energy — such men as William 
Clifton McCausland. 



WALLACE, Robert L., 

Hdacator, Liavryer, 

The Scotch-Irish descent of Robert L: 
Wallace, of New Castle, Pennsylvania, is 
traced to the Wallaces of Scotland and to 
county Antrim, Ireland, where lived Rob- 
ert and Mary (Knox) Wallace, whose sons 
James, John, Robert and Samuel came to 
America before the Revolution. They par- 



769 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ticipated in that struggle for liberty, and 
later scattered in Western Pennsylvania 
and aided there in the establishment of 
farms and homes, churches, courts and 
modern civilized conditions. The profes- 
sions of lavif and medicine have been favor- 
ite ones in this family, while statesmen and 
business men have also borne this honored 
name. Farmers originally, many have con- 
tinued in that occupation, and progressive, 
prosperous agriculturists are not uncommon 
in this family. 

William Wallace, father of Robert L. 
Wallace, was born in Lawrence county, 
Pennsylvania, and was widely known, not 
more for his extensive farming and stock 
dealing operations than for his upright- 
ness of character and the perfect fair- 
ness observed in all his private business 
transactions, and in the many public posi- 
tions he filled. 

Robert L., son of William and Esther 
(McChesney) Wallace, was born in Pulaski 
township, Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, 
April 1 6, 1876. He attended the pubhc 
schools, obtaining an excellent education, 
then entered Poland (Ohio) Union Semi- 
nary. Later he taught three school years, 
and in the vacation intervals himself at- 
tended summer schools, specializing in his 
favorite branches. He then entered Grove 
City College (Pennsylvania), where he was 
graduated Ph. B., class of 1899. He then 
taught in Darlington Academy (Beaver 
county) one year, and for another year 
was principal of the Enon Valley High 
School (Lawrence county). All this pre- 
paratory work had been with the law as his 
final goal, and in 1901 he entered the law 
office of Hon. J. Norman Martin, of New 
Castle, continuing study under that able 
preceptor until December, 1902, when he 
was admitted to the Lawrence county bar, 
and soon afterward to practice in the State 
Supreme Court. He at once opened offices 
in New Castle, where he is now well estab- 
lished in a general practice extending to all 
State and Federal courts in his district. He 



is a member of the State and County Bar 
Associations, and has attained a leading 
position among the younger members of the 
Lawrence county bar. 

He is a Republican in politics, and has 
always taken an active interest in public 
affairs. In 1906 he was elected to the City 
Council, and in 1907 was chosen president 
of that body. In that year he was also a 
delegate to the Republican State Conven- 
tion and in 1908 was chosen to represent 
Lawrence county in the House of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. He made an honorable 
record as a legislator, served on important 
committees, and in 1910 was again elected 
to the same office. During his two terms he 
served on committees — judicial, general, 
municipal, corporations, agriculture, and 
was chairman of the iron and coal com- 
mittee. He was not an ornamental member 
of these committees, but a worker, influen- 
tial in shaping and forwarding important 
legislation. During his second term he was 
one of the leaders of the Independent Re- 
publicans of the House, and one of the 
most aggressive members of that body of 
men who carried their spirit of inde- 
pendence, to the point of defiance of 
machine domination. His service to his 
State will not be unrewarded, and greater 
honors from an appreciative constituency 
surely await him. He is a member of the 
United Presbyterian church, active in 
church and Sunday school work. He stands 
high in the Masonic order, holding the 
thirty-second degree. Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite. 

He married, August 27, 1903, Edna, 
daughter of Jonathan Freese of Indiana, 
Pennsylvania. Children : William L., 
Robert Eugene and Esther Clare. 



FULTON, Henry W., 

Physician, Philanthropist. 

Among those benefactors of mankind 
whose talents, in whatever direction they 
may be exercised, are used for the relief 



770 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and uplifting of humanity, there is no larger 
class than that formed by the votaries of the 
noble profession of medicine. Their close 
study, their unwearied research, their cease- 
less activity, are all for the relief of suf- 
fering. The records of the physicians of 
Pittsburgh form one of the brightest pages 
of her history, but not one shines with a 
purer lustre than does that of the late Dr. 
Henry W. Fulton, who for thirty-five years 
ministered with all the resources of his pro- 
found learning and extraordinary skill to 
the inhabitants of his home city. 

Henry W. Fulton was born November 5, 
1838, in Derry township, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, and was a son of 
Robert and Hannah (Bovard) Fulton, the 
former a representative of one of the oldest 
and largest families in the western part of 
the Keystone State. The boy grew up on 
the ancestral farm, and in youth became 
prominent in church work, and was a mem- 
ber of the choir in old Salem church. He 
attended a select school in New Derry for 
several terms, under the supervision of 
Professor J. I. McCormick. He then 
taught school for three winters. In 1859 he 
became a student in Elders Ridge Academy. 
In 1861 he dropped his studies and enlisted 
on the first call for three months' troops, re- 
enlisting for three years, September 16, 
1 86 1, in Company K, 53rd Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, under command of Col- 
onel John R. Brooks, afterwards major 
general in the regular army, and chief of 
staff of the United States Army. 

Soon after his enlistment in the 53rd Reg- 
iment he was selected for the signal service, 
and January 3, 1862, he was detached from 
the regiment and ordered to report at 
Washington, and soon after was appointed 
a sergeant in the Signal Corps. His intelli- 
gence, high moral character and reliability 
fitted him well for this especially hazardous 
branch of the army, in which he served for 
the remainder of his term of enlistment. 
His record was an enviable one and is found 
fully in the United States archives. He 



frequently received honorable and special 
mention — seven times in all — from his su- 
perior officers, the chief signal officer re- 
porting, "Sergeant H. W. Fulton as worthy 
of especial mention for being attentive, 
faithful and intelligent, doing his duty nobly 
and sending messages rapidly and cor- 
rectly." On one occasion a report from 
Sergeant H. W. Fulton determined a move- 
ment of the whole Army of the Potomac. 
His observations were usually made from 
a tall tree, where he was a target for the 
sharp shooters of the army. Their bullets 
often barked the tree close to his body, 
while he used "the little flag that talked to 
the commanders of the Union forces." Dr. 
Fulton was a member of McPherson Post, 
No. 117, G. A. R., and was a close student 
of war literature, leaving a large number 
of personal war records in the possession 
of his wife. 

Upon his discharge from the army he en- 
tered the service of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company as cashier and receiver 
at its Pittsburgh office, which position he 
held for some years. During this time he 
pursued the study of medicine, and in 1872 
he graduated from Hahnemann Medical 
College, Philadelphia, cum laitdc, receiving 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and at 
once opened his office for practice in East 
Liberty, where for a period of thirty-five 
years he labored continuously, building up 
a large and lucrative practice among all 
classes of people, to whom he especially 
endeared himself as a skillful and faithful 
Christian physician. By his professional 
brethren Dr. Fulton was highly esteemed, 
being frequently consulted in the most difficult 
cases, by reason of his reputation for sound 
judgment combined with deep and com- 
prehensive medical knowledge. With un- 
usual professional experience he united 
a charm of manner, a buoyant optim- 
ism and a capacity for enduring friend- 
ship that cause his memory to be 
still cherished in many hearts. He was 
earnestly devoted to his profession and 



771 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



took a deep interest in the Homoeopathic 
Hospital of Pittsburgh, with which he was 
closely identified for many years. He was 
also very highly respected by other schools 
of medicine. 

In all that concerned the welfare of Pitts- 
burgh, Dr. Fulton's interest was deep and 
sincere and wherever substantial aid would 
further public progress, it was freely given. 
Widely but unostentatiously charitable, no 
good work done in the name of philanthropy 
or religion appealed to him in vain. In 
politics he was a Republican, and as a vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, holding sound opinions and lib- 
eral views, his ideas carried weight among 
those with whom he discussed public prob- 
lems. He affiliated with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, belonged to numerous clubs and as- 
sociations and was, from 1879 to the close 
of his life, a ruling elder in the East Liberty 
Presbyterian Church. He was also a direc- 
tor of the Western Theological Seminary. 
Not long before his death Dr. Fulton suc- 
ceeded to the office of president of the El- 
ders Ridge Alumni Association. 

A highly intellectual man, of quick per- 
ceptions and sharp discriminations. Dr. Ful- 
ton looked the scholar. His high forehead 
bore the stamp of intense thought and his 
keen eyes — the eyes of a close observer- 
shot through his spectacles glances the 
searching quality of which was tempered 
with the glint of humor. His patrician fea- 
tures were accentuated by closely-cropped 
moustache and beard and his whole aspect 
indicated alike the theorist and the ex- 
ecutant. He was a man of noble impulses 
and remarkable force of character. 

Dr. Fulton married, December 22, 1864, 
Jennie B., daughter of James and Ruth 
Ann Nichols, of Latrobe, Pennsylvania, and 
his home life was one of rare beauty and 
serenity. Mrs. Fulton is one of those rare 
women who combine with perfect woman- 
liness and domesticity an unerring judg- 
ment, traits of the greatest value to her hus- 
band, to whom she was not alone a charm- 



ing companion but a trusted confidante. She 
was in all respects a truly ideal helpmate to 
Dr. Fulton, a man to whom the ties of home 
and family were sacred — the objects of his 
constant and most loyal devotion. Mrs. 
Fulton has been a potent factor in Pitts- 
burgh society and is very active in church 
and charitable work. 

On June 23, 1907, Dr. Fulton died, "full 
of years and of honors." As the oldest and 
most widely known physician of the East 
End, he was deeply and sincerely mourned 
by all classes of the community. Honor- 
able in every relation of life and of the 
highest professional reputation, he was a 
true Christian gentleman. He was pre- 
eminently the "Beloved Physician," and in 
ministering to the needs of the body he 
never missed an opportunity to minister to 
the needs of the soul, never forgetting his 
duty to his divine Master, and all classes 
of people have testified to his genuine good- 
ness and loveliness of character. Dr. Ful- 
ton was very deeply interested in the cause 
of foreign missions and gave largely of his 
means to its support. 

To comparatively few men has it been 
given to serve their day and generation as 
Dr. Henry W. Fulton was privileged to do. 
In his early manhood he defended on the 
battle field the integrity of the Union, and 
his later years were devoted to the advance- 
ment of science and the relief of suffering 
humanity. Soldier — scholar — physician — 
these few words contain both his record and 
his eulogy. 



DODD, Lee Wilson, 

Author, Playwright. 

The name of Dod or Dodd is of frequent 
occurrence in American history from colo- 
nial times down to the present. Many per- 
sons of this name have rendered distin- 
guished^ services to the nation, state or 
colony, at different times during our his- 
tory. As early as 1644, Daniel Dod was 
at Branford, Connecticut; he had a wife 



772 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mary, whom he married about 1646, and 
had children, all baptized at New Haven, 
June I, 1651, namely: i. Mary Dod. 2. 
Hannah Dod. 3. David Dod, born 1G49- 
50. 4. Ebenezer Dod, born December 11, 
165 1. 5. A daughter, born March 29, 1653, 
died soon. 6. Stephen Dod, born February 
16, 1655. 7. Samuel Dod, born May 2, 
1657. His wife died May 26, 1657, and he 
died in January, 1666, at Branford, Connec- 
ticut. All of the sons except Stephen Dod 
removed to Newark, New Jersey, in 1667 
and the following years, where they settled 
and received grants of land. It seems prob- 
able that at the death of Daniel Dod, his 
two eldest children, Mary and Hannah, or 
Anna, were both married ; Mary, married 
Aaron Blatchley, and she, together with her 
brothers, Daniel, Ebenezer and Samuel, 
came to Newark and settled there. Anna, 
or Hannah, is supposed to have married a 
Fowler, of Guilford, Connecticut, and to 
have kept her younger brother Stephen with 
her, so thus were the children separated. 

Samuel Dod, the youngest child of Daniel 
and Mary, was left motherless at three 
weeks old, and fatherless at nine years old. 
He came to Newark, New Jersey, with his 
elder brothers and sister Mary Dod-Blatch- 
ley in 1667 or 1668, and at a town meeting 
held February 13. 1678-79, he then being 
about twenty-two years old, was admitted 
as a planter. He was assigned a home lot 
at the northwest end of the town plot, next 
to his brother Daniel's lot, on Watsesson, 
or Watsessing Plain. Samuel Dod had 
these lands confirmed to him by patent from 
the proprietors, as we learn from the "Bell 
in Chancery." In January, 1701-02. he was 
chosen constable of the town, and his will, 
dated February 3, 1712-13, proved in 1714, 
is the earliest will of Dod on record in New 
Jersey. He died aged about fifty-seven 
years, and his will names his wife Martha, 
together with two sons and five daughters, 
namely: Samuel Dod, Jonathan Dod. 
Mary Dod. Martha Dod, Rebecca Dod, 



Susanna Dod, Hannah Dod, all minors at 
the time of their father's death. 

Levi L. Dodd, a descendant, lived at 
Franklin, Venango county, Pennsylvania, 
early in the nineteenth century. He married 
Julia Parker, who had issue six sons and 
two daughters — Parker, Thomas Anderson, 
John H., Levi Axtell, Samuel Calvin Tate, 
and Cyrus, Amelia and Sarah. 

Levi Axtell Dodd was born at Franklin, 
Pennsylvania. He was an officer in the 
Civil War, 1861-1865. He was appointed 
captain of the 169th Pennsylvania Infantry, 
November 16, 1862 ; honorably mustered out 
of service, July 25, 1863 ; appointed lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the 2iith Pennsylvania 
Infantry Regiment, September 16, 1S64; 
colonel, April 4, 1865 ; brevetted brigadier- 
general of volunteers, April 2, 1865, for 
gallantry and meritorious service in the 
assault upon the enemy's works in front of 
Petersburg, Virginia, and August 4, 1865, 
was honorably discharged. 

Samuel Calvin Tate Dodd, son of Levi 
L. and Julia (Parker) Dodd, was born 
February 20, 1836, at Franklin, Venango 
county, Pennsylvania. He was educated in 
the local schools of his native town, and 
attended Jefferson College at Canonsburg, 
Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 
1857. From 1857 to 1859 he studied law 
at Franklin, Pennsylvania, and was admit- 
ted to the Pennsylvania bar during the latter 
year. He practiced law at Franklin from 
1859 to 1881 ; then became general solicitor 
for the Standard Oil Company on January 
I. 1 881 : organized the Standard Oil Trust 
in 1882, and continued as attorney for the 
company until his death. He was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention of 



187 



for Pennsylvania ; was elected as a 



delegate-at-large from Franklin, Venango 
county, Pennsylvania, and was an active 
member in securing a number of amend- 
ments to that constitution. He was a Dem- 
ocrat of the anti-Rryan wing on the "Free- 
Silver Issue" of 1896 and 1900. He was 



-72, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the author of "Uses and Abuses of Combi- 
nations," a pamphlet pubHshed in 1888; 
likewise of a "History of the Standard Oil 
Company," issued in 1888; also an article 
on "Trusts," published in the "New York 
Tribune" in 1890. He wrote "Ten Years 
of Standard Oil Trust," published in "The 
Forum," May, 1893; "Aggregated Capital," 
a pamphlet issued in 1893, and "The Pres- 
ent Legal Status of Trusts," which ap- 
peared in the October number, 1893, of the 
"Harvard Law Review." He died in 1907, 
in Pinehurst, North Carolina. He married 
(first) Mary E. Geer, July 12, 1862, at 
Waterford, Pennsylvania, and married 
(second) Melvina Eliza Smith, March 8, 
1877, at Cambridge, Pennsylvania. She was 
born in Erie, Pennsylvania, died in 1906, 
and had issue, among others, a son, of 
whom more hereafter. 

Lee Wilson Dodd, son of Samuel Calvin 
Tate and Melvina Eliza (Smith) Dodd, was 
born July 11, 1879, at Franklin, Venango 
county, Pennsylvania. The family moved 
to New York City shortly after his birth. 
He attended private schools in New York 
City, where he prepared for college, enter- 
ing the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University, from which he graduated as 
B. S. in the class of 1899. Afterward he 
studied law at the New York Law School, 
and graduated therefrom as LL. B. in 1902. 
He was admitted to the New York bar the 
same year, and began practice with his 
father in New York, and continued in law 
practice about five years, when he gave up 
the profession for a more congenial career 
as author and playwright. The first play 
that he wrote was called "The Return of 
Eve," produced in 1908 by the Shuberts in 
New York. He is the author of another 
play called "Speed," staged 191 1 in New 
York with considerable success. He has 
written many short stories for magazines, 
and miscellaneous verses, and in 1906 
published a book of poems, "A Modern 
Alchemist." 

He married Marion Roberts Canby, 



daughter of Edward T. and Ella A. (Sei- 
del) Canby, January 11, 1907, at Wilming- 
ton, Delaware. She was born November 
23, 1882, at Wilmington, Delaware, and is 
descended from old Quaker and Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch ancestry. 

Mr. Dodd does not affiliate with any par- 
ticular church, and is an Independent in 
politics. He is a member of the Yale and 
the Lambs clubs of New York City, and of 
the Elizabethan Club of New Haven, Con- 
necticut. 



WATSON, Richard, 

lia^ryer, Judge, Banker. 

The memory of Judge Richard Watson ^ 
is cherished in his home county of Bucks as 
a great-hearted, public-spirited man, un- 
spoiled by place or power. He came of a 
family that had been associated with the 
affairs of Bucks county almost from its 
foimding. 

Thomas Watson, the great-great-great- 
grandfather of Judge Watson, was born and 
reared near the border line between Eng- 
land and Scotland, at High Moor, County 
Cumberland. He was a son of John and 
Elizabeth Watson, who were among the 
earhest converts of George Fox, and be- 
longed to the great middle class of English 
commoners. Here Thomas Watson mar- 
ried, at Cockermouth Friends Meeting, 
June 14, 1696, EHnor Pearson, of County 
Westmoreland, and a few years later 
migrated to Pennsylvania, bringing a certifi- 
cate from the Friends at Pardsay Crag still 
in possession of the family of Judge Wat- 
son. They settled in 1701 in Bristol town- 
ship, Bucks county, but in 1704 Thomas 
Watson purchased 400 acres of land in 
Buckingham, three miles southeast of the 
present site of Doylestown, being then, to 
quote the language of a deed of about the 
same date, "back in the woods." This tract 
with later additions aggregating practically 
1,000 acres was the home -of the family for 
several generations. Thomas Watson be- 



774 



I 





^A 



i J^isf^rie^/^aLi- ± 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came at once one of tlie factors in building 
up Penn's colony in the wilderness. He had 
received a liberal education for his time, in 
England, and possessed of some knowledge 
of surgery and medicine, he undertook to 
minister to suffering humanity in the wild- 
erness, and eventually practiced medicine to 
a considerable extent with marked success, 
until succeeded by his son whom he edu- 
cated for that purpose. He was one of the 
justices of the county court, and several 
years a member of the Colonial Assembly. 
His eldest son Thomas was the father of 
"John Watson, Surveyor," the eccentric 
genius, widely known in his profession, 
whose last official service was in assisting 
Mason and Dixon in locating the line be- 
tween the provinces of Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. 

Dr. John Watson, second son of Thomas 
and Elinor (Pearson) Watson, received 
such medical education as the times 
afforded, and succeeded his father as a 
practicing physician. He inherited a por- 
tion of the Buckingham homestead and 
acquired a large tract adjoining. A house 
erected by him in 1721, and devised with 
a large tract of land to his son Thomas, 
was long a local landmark, and was torn 
down the present year. Dr. Watson en- 
joyed an equal prominence with his father 
in public affairs. He married (first) Ann 
Beale, and (second) Sarah Brown. His 
three children — Joseph, Elizabeth and 
Thomas, were by his first wife. Of these 
Elizabeth became the wife of John Fell, 
of the well-known Bucks county family 
of that name, and among her children was 
Anne, who became the wife of Joseph 
Chapman, and the grandmother of Judge 
Henry Chapman, one of Judge Watson's 
predecessors on the bench. Thomas, the 
youngest son, married Sarah Woolston, and 
two of his sons were prominent business 
men of Philadelphia. 

Joseph Watson, eldest son of Dr. John 
and Ann (Beale) Watson, was likewise 
educated as a physician, and succeeded to 



his father's practice. He was several years 
a member of the Colonial Assembly, county 
commissioner, 1752-54, and 1763-65 ; and 
filled other important positions of trust, 
prior to the Revolution. He was one of the 
original members of the County Committee 
of Safety in 1774-75, but when it became 
apparent that actual war would result, being 
a Friend, he retired from active associations 
with the committee, but the patriot cause 
had his real sympathy and support within 
the limits of his conscience. He died in 
1796. He married AHce Mitchell, in 1745. 

John Watson, only son of Joseph and 
Alice (Mitchell) Watson, was born August 
12, 1746, and died October 23, 1817. He 
married Mary Hampton, of Wrightstown, 
in 1772, and their son, John Watson, born 
August 25, 1774, was the father of Judge 
Richard Watson. He was a surveyor and 
scrivener, and his notes and draughts of 
surveys cover a large part of central Bucks 
county. He lived for many years at Holi- 
cong, Buckingham township, removing to 
Doylestown in 1854, and dying there in 
1864. He was a man of scholarly tastes and 
attainments, and of unusual intellectual 
ability. He was twice married, (first) in 
1795, to Euphemia Ingham, daughter of 
Jonathan and Anna Ingham, a sister of 
Hon. Samuel D. Ingham, the eminent legis- 
lator, congressman and cabinet officer ; and 
(second) in 1824, Martha Duncan. By the 
first marriage he had nine children, and by 
the second two — Martha, who became the 
wife of George Hart, an eminent Bucks 
county attorney; and Richard, of whom 
further. 

Judge Richard Watson was born in Buck- 
ingham township, Bucks county, February 
3, 1823. He was educated principally at 
the Friends' School at Buckingham, in its 
time a famous institution of learning, hav- 
ing numbered among its students many who 
rose to high rank in official and profes- 
sional life, including at least two chief jus- 
tices of the Supreme Court. His father's 
scholarly tastes and his interest in his 



775 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



youngest son were, however, a prime factor 
in forming the tastes of the young student. 
Choosing the legal profession, he began his 
preparation therefor at home, and in 1844 
entered the office of Charles E. Du Bois, 
Esq., at Doylestown, as a student-at-law, 
and was admitted to the Bucks county bar 
April 29, 1846. He was always a deep, 
thorough and careful student, aiming always 
toward a profound knowledge of the prin- 
ciples and application of the law rather than 
to oratory and the tricks of the profession, 
by which in his day, much too often, a ver- 
dict was obtained. Familiar from his 
earliest youth with title deeds and other 
legal papers in his father's office, he natur- 
ally had a bent towards the practice of law 
relating to real estate and the settlement of 
estates. He seldom took any interest in 
criminal cases, and sought to be rather a 
counsellor than an advocate. He was never 
an office seeker, and devoted his energies 
entirely to the practice of his chosen pro- 
fession. As a Republican he accepted the 
empty honor of a nomination for district 
attorney when the opposing party was so 
strongly in the majority that there was no 
possibility of election. On the breaking out 
of the Civil War, though a consistent mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, he did not, 
like his Revolutionary ancestors, permit a 
single tenet of his faith to prevent him from 
offering his services to his country when her 
trying time of need came. In 1862, when 
the Emergency Troops were called for, he 
enlisted as a private in a company of which 
his brother-in-law, George Hart, was cap- 
tain, and served the term of his enlistment 
at Hagerstown, Maryland. He again en- 
listed on the call of 1863, but while in camp 
at Harrisburg with his company he was 
seriously wounded in the thigh by the sup- 
posed accidental discharge of a musket. He 
was brought home and was confined to his 
bed for eleven weeks by the wound. The 
bullet continued to annoy him at times, and 
nine )-ears afterwards was removed by a 
painful operation. 



On January 18, 1873, Richard 'Watson 
was appointed Additional Law Judge for 
the Seventh Judicial District, comprising 
the counties of Bucks and Montgomery, to 
succeed Hon. Stokes L. Roberts, who had 
resigned. At the general election in Octo- 
ber of the same year he was elected to the 
position for the full term of ten years, and 
the new State Constitution adopted in 1874 
making Bucks county a separate judicial 
district, he became President Judge thereof. 
As a judge he acquired the reputation of 
strict uprightness, and of an earnest pains- 
taking effort always to see exact justice 
done to all. His written opinions were 
models of scholarship, and exhaustive in 
their conclusions. By invitation of his 
colleagues on the bench of the State, he at 
different times held court in at least a dozen 
of the counties, where his administration of 
justice was highly appreciated. He was 
universally considered an able judge, and 
of his decisions that were reviewed by the 
higher tribunals very few indeed were re- 
versed, and many are still quoted as prece- 
dents. His manner on the bench was always 
courteous yet dignified ; merciful and con- 
siderate, yet just and firm. Judge Watson 
was a candidate for reelection in 1883 as 
the unanimous choice of his party, but was 
defeated by the Hon. Harman Yerkes by a 
strictly party vote. He resumed the prac- 
tice of law on his retirement from the bench, 
but chose rather to interest himself in such 
cases as appealed to his sense of justice. 
He was one of the chief promoters of the 
Bucks County Trust Company in 1886, and 
was chosen its first president, filling that 
position with eminent ability until his death. 
Judge Watson always took an active inter- 
est in all that pertained to the advantage of 
his town and county, and his genial, kindly 
companionship and association in local 
affairs are a pleasant memory to many of 
his surviving townsmen. He was a member 
of Doylestown Lodge, No. 245, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and also an enthusiastic 
and earnest Odd Fellow. He united himself 



776 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with Aquetong Lodge, No. 193, I. O. O. P., 
of Doylestown, July 8, 1846, and continued 
an active member until his death, serving as 
its secretary for upward of a decade, as its 
representative in the Grand Lodge for near 
a quarter of a century, and in 1867 was 
elected grand master of the Grand Lodge, 
serving his term with especial distinction. 
He died suddenly, July 15, 1892. 

Judge Richard Watson married, June 28, 
1866, Isabella T. McCoy, daughter of Dr. 
Gilbert Rodman, and Maria (Thomas) Mc- 
Coy, of Doylestown, and a descendant of 
Gilbert Rodman. Mrs. Watson and three 
children survive, viz: — Miriam, wife of 
Henry A. James, of the Bucks county bar; 
George, an official of the Bucks County 
Trust Company ; and Jane; who resides 
with her mother. 



MITCHELL, James Tyndale, 

I<a\ryer, Jurist, Author. 

Probably no profession so richly rewards 
its devotees as does the law. Not only in a 
pecuniary sense is this true, but in honor, 
fame and exalted position. The highest 
pinnacle of legal fame in any State is that 
of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
that is exceeded only by a place in the Su- 
preme Court of the nation. A lawyer to 
reach the chief justiceship of a State must 
not only be exceptionally learned in the law, 
skillful in its interpretation and application, 
of judicial strength, disposition and fair- 
ness, but he must be a man of high char- 
acter, unquestionable honor, and possess 
every manly quality, for he must pass the 
ordeal of the ballot box. In contests for so 
exalted an office, party ties are loosened and 
men decide from conviction of the perfect 
fitness of their candidate. Thus came James 
Tyndale Mitchell, formerly Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania into his high estate. His perfect fit- 
ness, his learning, character and experience, 
gaining him the highest commendation of 



his fellow citizens publicly expressed at the 
ballot box. 

Judge Mitchell springs from an English 
ancestor, Edward Mitchell, who came from 
England, settling in South Carolina in the 
year 1700. The family later came north- 
ward, settling in Virginia in its western part 
where Rev. Edward Mitchell, great-grand- 
father of Judge Mitchell, was a leader in 
the anti-slavery movement. 

In 1823, after the failure of the attempt 
to abolish slavery, the Mitchells moved to 
Belleville, St. Clair county, Illinois. James 
Mitchell, grandfather of Judge Mitchell, 
was a prominent Whig, a close friend of 
Henry Clay, and chief burgess of Belle- 
ville. His son, Edward P. Mitchell, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Tyndale, and from this mar- 
riage sprang James Tyndale Mitchell, who 
was from 1903 to 1910 Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of the State of Pennsylva- 
nia. 

He was born in Belleville, Illinois, No- 
vember 9, 1834, and at the age of seven 
years was sent to Philadelphia to be edu- 
cated under the care of his maternal grand- 
mother. His instruction began in a school 
taught by Dr. Samuel Jones, brother of 
Joel Jones, a one-time mayor of Philadel- 
phia. Later he entered Central High School, 
whence he was graduated at the head of his 
class in 1852. He then entered Harvard 
University, whence he was graduated with 
honor, class of 1855. This was one of Har- 
vard's famous classes, and to win honors 
from such men was no easy task. The 
class included many whose names are now 
enrolled high on the roll of fame : — Rev. 
Phillips Brooks, General Francis C. Bar- 
low, Professor Alexander Agassiz, Theo- 
dore Lyman, Professor James K. Hosmer, 
Robert Treat Paine, Franklin B. Sanborn, 
and others. 

After grarluation he returned to Phila- 
delphia and began the study of law under 
the preceptorship of George W'. Biddle. and 
also attended lectures at the law school of 



117 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the University of Pennsylvania. On No- 
vember 10, 1857, he was admitted to the 
bar of Philadelphia county, began practice 
in that city, and so impressed his ability 
upon the bar that in 1859 he was made 
assistant city solicitor under Charles E. 
Lex, serving until 1862. In that year his 
term expired and he resumed private prac- 
tice. In 1868 he won additional fame as 
counsel in the celebrated election cases of 
that year. In 1871 he was elected Judge 
of the District Court, succeeding George M. 
Stroud, and from that time until his retire- 
ment in 1910 was continuously upon the 
bench. When the present constitution of 
the State was adopted, he was transferred 
to the Court of Common Pleas No. 2, and 
at the election of 1881 he was unanimously 
elected judge of that court. In May, 1888, 
he had so impressed his individuality and 
his fitness upon the people of Pennsylvania 
that he was nominated by the Republican 
State Convention for Justice of the Su- 
preme Court. At the November election he 
was elected by a large majority, the city of 
Philadelphia registering their appreciation 
of an upright judge by giving a majority 
of thousand votes greater than they gave the 
presidential ticket. He assumed his place 
upon the supreme bench, January 7, 1889. 
He served his full term of twenty-one years, 
the decisions handed down in that time ren- 
dering his name famous in the annals of 
jurisprudence. In 1902 he received the full 
reward of his great merit by succeeding to 
the highest judicial office in the State — 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, assum- 
ing office in 1903. The cases decided and 
the decisions rendered have been numerous 
and exceedingly weighty. One of his first 
in the Court of Common Pleas was <;iven in 
the case of the Philadelphia Library, in 
which for the first time a construction was 
placed upon the new constitution regarding 
the exemption of public institutions from 
taxation. His decision won approval from 
tie legal fraternity for its soundness. The 
Pennsylvania reports teem with his deci- 



sions and they form an important part of 
the law of the State. 

Besides his judicial labor, Judge Mitchell 
has added a great deal to the literature of 
the law. From 1862 to 1887 he was editor 
in chief of "The American Law Register," 
the oldest and most widely circulated law 
journal in the United States. He was also 
one of the founders of the "Weekly Notes 
of Cases" in 1874, and continued chief re- 
porter for his own court until 1889. He 
also revised and edited many important 
legal manuals, and outside of the law con- 
tributed nearly two thousand quotations to 
the great Oxford Dictionary, these being 
nearly all examples from the early Ameri- 
can law reports. He was also one of the 
commission engaged in printing the statutes- 
at-large of Pennsylvania, from the founda- 
tion of the colony down to the year 1800. 
He is also the author of the standard law 
books, "Mitchell on Motions and Rules," 
and the sterling works: "History of the 
District Court;" "Fidelity to Court and 
Client;" "Plints on Practice in Appeals," 
and "John Marshall," an historical address. 

He is a member of several professional 
societies; is an overseer of Harvard Uni- 
versity, and served for many years (since 
1905) as provost of the Law Academy of 
Philadelphia and is now in that position ; and 
member of the Philosophical Society. His 
distinguished ancestry, paternal and mater- 
nal, gains his membership in the following 
patriotic societies : The Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion; the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion ; and honorary membership in the 
Order of the Cincinnati. Judge Mitchell 
has taken deep interest in historical study 
and is president of the Council of the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania. This has 
extended to the collection of historical en- 
gravings, his being one of the finest col- 
lections of engraved portraits in the L^nited 
States. Judge Mitchell has never married. 
He is a man of most engaging manner, and 
possesses those qualities of mind and heart 
that have made for him a multitude of loyal 



778 



A 





CI, ^6( f^iJIL-^ 



4 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



friends. He is a devotee of club life, and 
spends much of his time at the Rittetihouse 
and University clubs of Philadelphia. At 
the present time Judge Mitchell is prothon- 
otary of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva- 
nia, having been appointed to that office in 
1910. 

This record of a life well spent in the full 
publicity of a public career, reveals Judge 
Mitchell as a type of highest citizenship — a 
jurist of impeachable character, deep learn- 
ing and eminent fairness, his record forms 
one of the brightest pages of the legal his- 
tory of this commonwealth. His intel- 
lectual gifts have been combined with great 
legal attainments and his decisions, ever 
characterized by profound knowledge, sound 
reasoning and an all pervading common 
sense. 



BYERS, Alexander McBurney, 

Ironmaster, Man of Affairs. 

Pittsburgh, in this Age or Iron, is the seat 
of an empire more substantial than that of 
Greece or Rome, and Titans in very truth 
were the men who laid deep and strong its 
mighty foundations. Masterful and impres- 
sive figures were these sires of the present- 
day autocracies, and none among them, seen 
through the gathering mists of the fast- 
receding years, looms larger or more com- 
manding than does the late Alexander Mc- 
Burney Byers, head of the celebrated firm 
of A. M. Byers & Company, iron manu- 
facturers, and for more than half a century 
one of the makers of the history of the Iron 
City. 

Alexander McBurney Byers was born 
September 6, 1827, at Greenfield, Mercer 
county. Pennsylvania, and was one of the 
ten children of Daniel Cannon and Maria 
(McBurney) Byers. The boy received his 
education in the public schools of the neigh- 
borhood, meanwhile assisting his father in 
the labors of the farm. Very early in life 
he entered upon his long and memorable 
connection with the iron industry by asso- 



ciating himself with the Henry Clay Fur- 
nace Company, an organization which oper- 
ated one of the oldest blast furnaces in 
Pennsylvania. When only sixteen years of 
age Mr. Byers was intrusted with the super- 
intendency of a blast furnace, thus enjoying, 
perhaps, greater advantages for gaining a 
thorough knowledge of the manufacture of 
pig-iron from the raw material than furnace 
men of the present day possess. At that 
primitive period in the iron industry fur- 
nace companies west of the mountains dug 
their ores from the surrounding hills, usually 
having to strip from fifteen to twenty feet 
of earth for a ten or twelve-inch vein of 
ore, which would yield only twenty-five to 
thirty-five per cent, of iron in a blast fur- 
nace. They chopped their own wood, made 
their own charcoal for the smelting of the 
ore and mined the coal which was subse- 
quently used in the furnace. Noteworthy, 
indeed, is the fact that the furnace of which 
Mr. Byers was the youthful superintendent 
was the first west of the mountains to prac- 
tically demonstrate the successful use of 
raw bituminous coal for the smelting of the 
ores in blast furnaces, without first coking 
it. Moreover, it is recorded in the annals 
of the iron industry that at this same fur- 
nace, in 1848 to 1849, the first Lake Supe- 
rior iron ores were smelted, under the super- 
vision of Alexander McBurney Byers. 
Thus early did the future iron magnate be- 
gin to gather his laurels. 

In 1854 Mr. Byers went to Cleveland, 
Ohio, to assume charge of the iron interests 
of the firm of Spang & Company, and 
three years later came to Pittsburgh as the 
representative of that house. In 1858 he 
became a partner in the firm of Spang, 
Chalfant & Company, manufacturers of 
iron in all its branches. In the spring of 
1864, when the partnership expired by limi- 
tation, Mr. Byers disposed of his interests 
to his partners, and the same year founded 
the house of Graff, Byers & Company, 
erecting a puddle mill, rolling mill and a mill 
for the manufacture of wrought iron pipe 



779 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on the south bank of the Monongahela river, 
being the only firm but one in the United 
States to manufacture their own iron for 
the production of wrought iron tubes. In 
1870 the style of the firm was changed to 
Byers, McCullough & Company, and in 
1886 became A. M. Byers & Company, 
under which title it was incorporated in 
September, 1893, with a capital stock of half 
a million dollars. As originally established 
in 1854, this enterprise was a modest one, 
but from the very outset it was successful, 
as, indeed, it was destined to be, having for 
its leader a man of the type of Mr. Byers. 
The firm at once made a place for its wares 
in competition with the output of rival con- 
cerns, and from time to time increased the 
capacity of its mills, the plant now covering 
several acres on the line of the Pittsburgh 
and Lake Erie Railroad, from Sixth street 
to Bingham street. Also the largest puddle 
mill in America at Girard, Ohio. The mills 
now give employment to twenty-five hun- 
dred men, and have an annual capacity of 
96,000 tons of wrought iron water, gas, 
steam and oil-well pipe. 

In 1870 Mr. Byers became the sole owner 
and operator of an extensive furnace, pud- 
dle and rolling mills at Girard, Ohio. He 
was one of the organizers of the Philadel- 
phia Company, and was one of its board of 
directors and its largest individual stock- 
holder until the company was purchased by 
Alexander Brown & Sons, of Baltimore. 
One of his associates in the establishment 
of this company was George Westinghouse, 
with whom he was later allied in other and 
greater enterprises. Mr. Byers had been a 
director in the Westinghouse Air Brake 
Company, the Westinghouse Electric Man- 
ufacturing Company, and the Union Switch 
& Signal Company. He was president of 
the Union Bridge Company, and in differ- 
ent ways fostered many other manufactures, 
the number of which it would be impossible 
to enumerate. He did not ally himself with 
the National Tube Company at its inception, 
but conducted the business of A. M. Byers 



& Company. As a business man, it may 
without exaggeration be asserted that Mr. 
Byers was in many respects a model. The 
goal of his ambition was success, but he 
would succeed only on the basis of truth 
and honor. Duplicity and false represen- 
tations he would not palliate, either in his 
own service or among his customers or cor- 
respondents, and no amount of gain could 
lure him from the undeviating line of recti- 
tude. The justice and kindliness which 
ever marked his dealings with his employes 
were beyond all praise and secured for him 
their loyal service and hearty cooperation. 

Not only was Mr. Byers for many years 
prominently identified with the manufac- 
turing interests of Pittsburgh, and with the 
commercial element in her business life, but 
he was also a leader in the realm of finance, 
holding the office of president of the Iron 
City National Bank. He was a director 
in the Merchants' and Manufacturers' In- 
surance Company, the American Surety 
Company, and many other concerns. As a 
citizen with exalted ideas of good govern- 
ment and civic virtue he stood in the front ' 
rank, ever ready to lend his influence and 
support to any project which, in his judg- 
ment, tended to further the best interests of 
Pittsburgh. Widely but unostentatiously 
charitable, the full extent of his good deeds 
was known only to the beneficiaries. He 
affiliated with the Republican party. 

In his countenance Mr. Byers plainly de- 
picted all the tremendous energy and in- 
domitable resolution so strikingly mani- 
fested throughout his career. His finely-cut 
features and keen, searching eyes indicated 
at once the thinker and the man of action, 
while the kindliness of his expression and 
the geniality of his manner showed that he 
combined the qualities of a leader in the 
arena of business with those of a philan- 
thropist — that he possessed those beautiful 
elements of character which win and hold 
friends. 

Mr. Byers married, December 22, 1864, 
at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, Martha, daugh- 



780 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter of Cockran and Sarah Fleming, of Pitts- 
burgh, and the following children were born 
to them: Maude, wife of J. Denniston 
Lyon ; Alexander McBurney, deceased ; 
Dallas Cannon, also deceased; Eben M., 
president and director A. M. Byers Com- 
pany, director Bank of Pittsburgh National 
Association, director Bessemer Coke Com- 
pany ; and J. Frederick, vice-president and 
director A. M. Byers Company, director 
Union National Bank, director Hay Walker 
Brick Company, vice-president and director 
Girard Iron Company, member Board of 
Managers Allegheny General Hospital. 
J. Frederick Byers married, December 6, 
1905, at Ardmore, Pennsylvania, Caroline 
Mitchell, daughter of E. B. Morris, of 
Philadelphia, and has children : Alexander 
McBurney III., and John Frederick, Jr. 

Mrs. Byers, a thoughtful, clever woman 
of culture and character, was endeared to 
all who knew her by the beauty and sweet- 
ness of her nature no less than by her per- 
sonal charm. Her husband ever found in 
her an ideal helpmate and his happiest 
hours were passed in the sanctuary of his 
home. Mr. Byers was a man of notable 
social gifts and an effective conversation- 
alist — a delightful host, as all who were 
ever privileged to enjoy his hospitality 
could abundantly testify. A lover of litera- 
ture and a patron of art, his beautiful resi- 
dence in Pittsburgh was adorned with many- 
works of celebrated painters of the Old 
World and the New, his collection being 
considered one of the finest in the United 
States. Mrs. Byers survived her husband a 
number of years, passing away in August, 
191 2. Throughout her widowhood Mrs. 
Byers had continued the benevolent and 
charitable work in which she and her hus- 
band were so long united. The surviving 
descendants of Mr. Byers are recognized 
leaders in the business and social circles of 
Pittsburgh, in both upholding with ability 
and brilliancy the family traditions of dis- 
tinction in public and private life. 

The news of the death of Mr. Byers. 



which occurred September 19, 1900, in New 
York City, was received in Pittsburgh with 
demonstrations of sorrow by all classes of 
the community. It was felt that our city 
had lost one whose life, in all its relations, 
constituted one rounded whole — two perfect 
parts of a symmetrical sphere. Sincere and 
true in his friendships, honorable and gen- 
erous in business, he stood for more than 
two score years as one of the men consti- 
tuting the bulwark of the strength and de- 
velopment of the Iron City. 



GREEN, Francis Harvey, A. M., Litt. D., 

Educator, Iiectnrer, Litterateur. 

Doctor Francis flarvey Green, who occu- 
pies the chair of English in the West Ches- 
ter State Normal School, is a native of 
Pennsylvania, born at Booth's Corner, Del- 
aware county, May 19, 1861. His paternal 
grandfather, Abraham Green, came from 
England, and settled in Delaware county. 
Sharpless Green, son of Abraham Green, 
was born in 1820, on the family homestead. 
He died in 1887. He was a successful mer- 
chant, a Methodist in religion, and a Re- 
publican in politics. His wife was Mary, a 
daughter of James Booth, and they became 
the parents of seven children : Nelson C. ; 
Charles ; Lydia, who became the wife of 
Curtis C. Planby ; Phebe ; Mattie, who be- 
came the wife of George L. Stranbridge, 
of West Chester; Francis H., and a son 
who died in infancy. 

Francis H. Green, of tlie family named, 
passed from the public school to the West 
Chester State Normal School, from which 
he was graduated in 1S82, the year of his 
attaining his majority, and he subsequently 
took English courses at Amherst and Har- 
vard. For two years he taught in the pub- 
lic schools of Chester county, and then ac- 
cepted the chair of English in Juniata Col- 
lege. Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania. In 
1882 he relinquished his position to take a 
similar chair in the West Chester State 
Normal School. 



781 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



An accomplished educator in the depart- 
ment of which he is the head, Doctor Green 
is widely known in educational circles as a 
gifted litterateur, whose broad knowledge 
has been acquired not only through sys- 
tematic study but through extensive travel 
in Europe and intimate acquaintance with 
such eminent men of letters as Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes, James Russell Lowell and 
John Greenleaf Whittier. For many years 
he has been known as a lecturer of marked 
ability on educational, economic and social 
topics, before teacher's institutes, literary 
clubs, and reform societies. In the past 
year he delivered more than two hundred 
lectures in various parts of the country, in- 
cluding his addresses before a Chautauqua 
Summer School. He is regarded as one of 
the foremost exponents of social reform in 
Pennsylvania, and is an earnest laborer in 
the cause of temperance, the founder of 
the Knights of Temperance in Chester 
county. A graceful and forceful writer, he 
has long been a welcome contributor to the 
pages of leading magazines and newspapers 
upon the various topics which engage his 
attention, and to which he devotes the cul- 
ture of a scholar and the deep interest of the 
real humanitarian. 



GROSS, Edward Z., 

Pharmacist, Financier, Public Official. 

Gross is a name that has been awarded 
distinction and honor in the State of Penn- 
sylvania since the Third Line of Pennsyl- 
vania troops in the Colonial army was 
graced by the presence of a bold and cour- 
ageous commander in the person of Cap- 
tain John Gross. He was promoted to that 
position through the lieutenancy, always as 
a soldier in the Third Line. Through his 
marriage with Rachel Sahler, a son Abra- 
ham was bom, who married Maria Wiest- 
ling, and lived in Middle Paxtang township, 
Dauphin county, Pennsylvania. Abraham 
and Maria ( VViestling) Gross were the par- 
ents of Daniel W'iestling Gross, father of 



Edward Z. Gross, the present representative 
of his line, with whom this chronicle deals. 
Daniel Wiestling Gross, father of Ed- 
ward Z. Gross, was born in Middle Pax- 
tang township, Dauphin county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March ii, 1810, and was educated in 
the schools of Harrisburg and the Harris- 
burg Academy. His general study com- 
pleted, in 1826 he came under the preceptor- 
ship of an uncle, Norman Calendar, in 
preparation for work as a pharmacist, and 
in 1830 forming a partnership with this 
relative and establishing a pharmacy in 
Harrisburg. Mr. Gross later purchased his 
uncle's interest in their venture, and con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession until 
a short time before his death, which oc- 
curred in i8g6, at which time he was one 
of the oldest men actively engaged in busi- 
ness in the city. Public affairs constantly 
claimed his wise and earnest cooperation, 
the list of his attachments being a long one. 
The first borough council of Harrisburg 
chose him as its president, an office he held 
from i860 to 1862; for many years he held 
membership on the school board ; for a long 
period was trustee of the State Lunatic 
Asylum at Harrisburg, a part of that time 
treasurer of the institution ; president of 
the board of trustees of the Theological 
Seminary of the Reformed Church ; vice- 
president of the board of trustees of Frank- 
lin and Marshall College; for many years 
president of the board of education and 
publication of the Reformed Church of the 
United States; and one of the members of 
the first board of managers of the Harris- 
burg Hospital. The above record shows his 
sympathy with educational endeavor, but 
the mere enumeration of the institutions 
with which he was officially connected gives 
but little idea of the time and energy he 
devoted to the interests of the schools, col- 
leges, and seminaries that he served with 
steadfast fidelity. He was an elder in the 
Salem Refomied Church, the pivotal point 
upon which many of its departments moved, 
being at the time of his death its oldest 



782 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member, many of the years of liis connec- 
tion therewith having been superintendent 
of the Sunday school, even holding that 
office in the infant department, and was a 
member of the celebrated "Peace Commis- 
sion" of the Reformed Church. Eighty-six 
years to a day from the date of his birth, 
his spirit entered its heavenly home, assured 
for it by a life of upright, God-loving serv- 
ice. Mr. Gross married, in 1841, Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of George and Catherine 
(Zeigler) Kunkel, who died in 1882. They 
were the parents of: George A., deceased; 
John K., a railroad freight agent at York, 
Pennsylvania ; Joshua W., employed in the 
recorder's office in Harrisburg; Daniel W., 
died in infancy ; Edward Z., of whom fur- 
ther; Henry S., superintendent of the Mer- 
chant and Billet Steel Mills of the Pennsyl- 
vania Steel Company at Steelton, Pennsyl- 
vania ; and Robert and Alary Elizabeth, who 
died in infancy. 

Edward Z. Gross, son of Daniel W. and 
Elizabeth (Kunkel) Gross, was born in 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, November 6, 
185 1, and obtained his early education in 
the private schools of his native city, later 
attending the academies taught by Messrs. 
Gause and Seller. When he was sixteen 
years of age he discontinued his academic 
courses and entered the drug store owned 
and conducted by his father, and four years 
later matriculated at the Philadelphia Col- 
lege of Pharmacy, whence he obtained his 
degree in the spring of 1873. Returning to 
his father's employ, he took his brother's 
place in partnership with his father, an 
association enduring until January i, 1894, 
when Mr. Gross assumed entire charge of 
the business, having since successfully and 
profitably conducted the same. Besides 
owning this pharmacy, which is one of the 
leading establishments of its kind in the 
city, he is a member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Manchester Shale Brick Com- 
pany, holding the same position in the 
Union Trust Company of Harrisburg, and 
is vice-president of the State Capital Sav- 



ings and Loan Association, also being treas- 
urer of the Holmes Seed Company, of 
Harrisburg. His public service began as a 
member of the Harrisburg school board, on 
which he displayed the ambitious enterprise 
that had marked his father's relations with 
such work in past years, and in 1896 was 
the successful candidate of the Republican 
party for recorder of Dauphin county, tak- 
ing office on January i, 1897, for a term of 
three years. In 1899 he was reelected for 
a like period, his second term expiring Janu- 
ary I, 1902. During his incumbency of the 
recorder's position his name was advanced 
as the Republican candidate for mayor of 
Harrisburg, and in the election of Novem- 
ber, 1904, the confidence of the citizens of 
the city in his worth, merit, and depend- 
ability, was shown by the returns, and he 
was duly installed in the seat of the chief 
executive on April 3, 1905. His term was 
one in which progressive tendencies in all 
branches of city life were allowed to expand 
and to display their real value, and, sur- 
rounding himself with advisors chosen for 
their sterling qualifications for office, he 
gave to Harrisburg an administration lofty 
in conception, able in execution, beneficial 
in result. That he was accompanied to 
office by the high sense of personal honor 
that has characterized the family for genera- 
tions is known to all, and the sum of integ- 
rity, energy, and ability was a mayor striv- 
ing singly for the ideal of government and 
the greatest measure of good. 

At the present time Mr. Gross is a trus- 
tee of the Harrisburg Academy, and for a 
number of years was one of the managers 
of the City Hospital, for the greater part of 
the time serving as secretary of the board, 
also being a member of the advisory board 
of the Children's Industrial Home. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of Robert Bums 
Lodge, No. 464, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of which he is past master ; Persever- 
ance Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; Pil- 
grim Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
which he was eminent commander, and 



783 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



other Scottish Rite bodies, including the 
thirty-second degree; Harrisburg Council, 
No. 7, Royal and Select Masters, of which 
he was thrice illustrious grand master ; and 
Zembo Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. Other than his Masonic affiliations, 
he belongs to Dauphin Lodge, No. i6o. In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows; Star of 
America Commandery, No. 113, Knights of 
Malta; Knights of Pythias; Phoenix Lodge, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
His club is the Country, his church the Pine 
Street Presbyterian, where he is a member 
of the session, having served as leader of 
the choir and as superintendent of the 
infant department of the Sunday school. 

Mr. Gross married, at Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania, May 18, 1876, Nancy J., daughter 
of J. Vance and Hannah (Dull) Criswell. 
They are the parents of: i. Hannah G., 
married John, son of William Campbell, of 
Pittsburgh, her husband an employee of the 
Central Iron and Steel Company of Harris- 
burg; they are the parents of one daughter, 
Nancy Gross, and two sons — John Camp- 
bell Jr. and Edward Gross Campbell. 2. 
Henry McC, born May 21, 1885; educated 
in Harrisburg Academy and Yale College, 
graduating from the latter institution in the 
class of 1906. is a civil engineer in employ 
of Harrisburg's Board of Public Works. 



PATTERSON, Thomas, 

Laivyer, La\7 Examiner. 

The Bar of Pittsburgh had its beginning 
before the American Revolution, and has 
been distinguished from its inception. To- 
day it stands high in all the accomplishments 
that make for the best in jurisprudence, 
practice and culture. During the last quar- 
ter of a century it has numbered among its 
acknowledged leaders Thomas Patterson, 
who is a representative of a family which 
has been for more than a century and a 
half, resident in Pennsylvania, and mem- 
bers of which, in the successive generations. 



have been associated with the leading inter- 
ests of the Commonwealth. 

John Patterson, the first ancestor of rec- 
ord, is known to have lived, during the lat- 
ter part of the seventeenth century, in the 
North of Ireland. Robert, his son, was 
born about 1685, and among his earliest 
recollections was that of the siege of Lon- 
donderry. He had two sons — Joseph and 
Robert. 

Joseph, son of Robert Patterson, was 
bom March 20, 1752, and about 1773 emi- 
grated to the American colonies, settling in 
Saratoga county. New York. Later he re- 
moved to Germantown, Pennsylvania, 
where he became a teacher in the schools. 
Pie was present at the first reading of the 
Declaration of Independence, at the door of 
the State House, and thereupon dismissed, 
his school and enlisted as a private in the 
Continental army, serving in 1776-77. 
Afterward he migrated to York county, 
where he continued his work as a teacher, 
and also engaged in farming. In 1785, 
under the guidance of Rev. Joseph Smith, 
he began to study for the ministry, and 
August 12, 1788, was licensed to preach. 
On November 10, 1789, he was ordained 
and installed pastor of the Raccoon and 
Montour Run churches. In 1816 ill health 
forced him to resign and he removed to 
Pittsburgh, where he continued to preach, 
also distributing Bibles and tracts. When 
General Lafayette, after an absence of forty 
years, visited the United States, he recog- 
nized Mr. Patterson, who was five years 
older than himself, as one of his companions 
in arms during the war for independence. 
Mr. Patterson married (first) in Ireland, 
Jane Moak, a native of that country, and 
(second) Rebecca Leach, who was born in 
Pittsburgh. On February 4, 1832, he closed 
his long, useful and eventful life, having 
served bis adopted country as educator, 
soldier and minister of the gospel. 

Robert, son of Joseph and Jane (Moak) 
Patterson, was born April i, 1773, in Sara- 



784 



\ 




^^^f(^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



toga county, New York, and in 1790 entered 
Canonsburg Academy, reciting his first les- 
sons under the shade of large trees, the 
buildings being not yet ready for occupancy. 
In 1794 he entered the junior class of the 
University of Pennsylvania, where his 
Uncle Robert was professor of mathematics, 
and in 1796 he began the study of theology. 
In 1801, after touring about four years, he 
was licensed to preach, and during the next 
six years ministered to two churches in the 
vicinity of Erie, Pennsylvania. In 1807 he 
moved to Pittsburgh and took charge of the 
Pittsburgh Academy, an institution which 
later developed into the Western Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, now the University 
of Pittsburgh. From 1810 to 1836 he was 
in business as a bookseller, publisher and 
manufacturer of paper. From 1807 to 1833 
he supplied the pulpit of the Presbyterian 
church at Highland, seven miles north of 
Pittsburgh. It is worthy of note that the 
"Manuscript Found," supposed to have fur- 
nished the basis of the Book of Mormon, 
was left at Mr. Patterson's printing house. 
Mr. Patterson married Jane, daughter of 
Colonel John Canon, founder of Canons- 
burg, the place being named in his honor. In 
1840 Mr. Patterson retired to the country, 
where he passed the remainder of his life. 
His death occurred September 5, 1854, and 
two years later his widow also passed away. 
Robert, son of Robert and Jane (Canon) 
Patterson, was born August 17, 1821, in 
Pittsburgh, and studied law under the pre- 
ceptorship of Hon. Thomas H. Baird. At 
the end of three years he was admitted' in 
October, 1843, to the Allegheny county bar, 
and for three years more practiced his pro- 
fession as the associate of Judge Baird. In 
1840 he had graduated from Jefferson Col- 
lege, where he later filled the chair of 
mathematics. He was also professor in 
several colleges, including Oakland College, 
Mississippi, and Centre College, Kentucky. 
In 1863 he became joint owner and editor 
of the "Presbyterian Banner." At one 
period in his life, Mr. Patterson rendered 



military service in Kentucky, but during 
the Civil War his application for enlistment 
was rejected by reason of the fact that he 
was under weight and near-sighted. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican, and in religious 
belief a Presbyterian, thus maintaining the 
family tradition. 

Mr. Patterson married, August 27, 1851, 
Eliza, daughter of Judge Thomas H. Baird 
and Nancy (McCuIlough) Baird, and the 
following children were born to them : 
Thomas, mentioned below ; Jane, and Eliz- 
abeth. Mr. Patterson died November 30, 
1889. He was a man of more than ordinary 
ability and of unblemished purity of char- 
acter. 

Thomas, son of Robert and Eliza (Baird) 
Patterson, was born November 14, 1856, 
and received his preparatory education 
in public schools, afterward entering the 
Western University of Pennsylvania, now 
the University of Pittsburgh. After his 
course at the university he taught for one 
year at Sewickley Academy, and in 1879- 
80 studied at Columbia Law School. On 
December 30, 1880, he was admitted to 
the Allegheny county bar, and has since 
been continuously engaged in practice in 
Pittsburgh, Possessing, as he does, the 
judicial mind, Mr. Patterson has long since 
abundantly proved his peculiar fitness for 
his chosen profession. He had that blend- 
ing of broad legal knowledge, administra- 
tive ability and acquaintance with affairs of 
the day that is required of the successful 
lawyer, and he has, moreover, strong convic- 
tions and the courage to contend for them. 
His position at the bar is a most enviable one. 

As a citizen with exalted ideals of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Patter- 
son stands in the front rank. He affiliates 
with the Republicans, but is too broad- 
minded for partisanship. As a vigilant and 
attentive observer of men and measures, 
holding sound opinions and taking liberal 
\'iews, he is consulted in regard to matters 
of municipal importance. Ever ready to 
respond to any deserving call made upon 



785 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



him, he is widely but unostentatiously char- 
itable. He is a trustee of the University of 
Pittsburgh. He belongs to the Pennsylvania 
Society of the Cincinnati, and is a member 
of the Leetsdale Presbyterian Church. 

In 1906 the Supreme Court of Pennsyl- 
vania appointed Mr. Patterson a member of 
the State Board of Law Examiners, a board 
composed of five members selected by the 
Supreme Court from the leading lawyers of 
the State, to pass upon the eligibility of 
applicants for admission to practice in that 
court. Mr. Patterson is still a member of 
this board. Mr. Patterson was chosen and 
served for one year (1906-1907) as presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania State Bar Asso- 
ciation. He was also for a time president 
of the Alleghany County Bar Association. 
The personality of Mr. Patterson is that of 
a man of great force and influence, devoted 
to duty, and fearless in regard to responsi- 
bility. His countenance bears witness to 
this combination of qualities, and his digni- 
fied and courteous bearing is that of one 
accustomed to leadership. He is withal a 
man of broad, human sympathy and a great 
capacity for friendship. 

Mr. Patterson married, June 2, 1892, 
Harriet W., daughter of D. Leet and Mary 
(Williams) Wilson. Mr. Wilson was for 
many years president of the Fort Pitt Na- 
tional Bank and is now vice-president and 
director of the Central District Telephone 
Company. He is a descendant of Daniel 
Leet, a pioneer of Western Pennsylvania. 
Mrs. Wilson is descended from Dr. Francis 
Herron, a leading preacher of Old Pitts- 
burgh, and pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Patterson are the 
parents of one son: Robert Leet, born Au- 
gust 16, 1893. 

The family tradition of professional emi- 
nence and public-spirited citizenship has 
been ably maintained by Thomas Patterson, 
but while he has, in both spheres, achieved 
a measure of distinction, he is still in the 
prime of life and his past indicates that the 
future holds much in store for him. 



N ORRIS, Col. A. Wilson, 

Soldier, Laxryer, Public Official. 

The progressive faculty possessed by 
some men stands as one of their dominating 
characteristics, and gives them a distinct ad- 
vantage in attaining prestige in any line to 
which they turn their efforts. In the case 
of Colonel A. Wilson Norris, late of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, it is a matter of 
some difficulty to decide whether he excelled 
as a soldier, as a statesman or as a lawyer. 

Colonel A. Wilson Norris was born in 
Lewistown, Miffiin county, Pennsylvania, 
April II, 1 841, and died May 21, 1888, in 
Philadelphia, while auditor-general of the 
State of Pennsylvania. He commenced his 
education in the schools of his native town 
and those of Coatesville, Pennsylvania, and 
followed this preparatory education by a 
course of study at Georgetown College. His 
studies were interrupted by the outbreak of 
the Civil War. He began his military 
career in 1861, and was discharged in July, 
1865. November 20, 1861, he was appointed 
first lieutenant of Company D, 117th Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, was 
promoted to the rank of captain, March 
19, 1864, and served until the close of the 
war. He was in a number of important 
engagements and spent twenty months in 
Southern prisons. His later mihtary record 
is as colonel and aide-de-camp on the staff 
of the commander-in-chief, to which he was 
appointed, July 20, 1877, and discharged, 
July 12, 1878. 

After his return at the close of the Civil 
War, he took up his studies in the Law 
School of the University of Pennsylvania, 
and was graduated from this institution in 
the class of 1867. He read law under the 
preceptorship of Judge Thompson, of Phil- 
adelphia, and commenced the practice of his 
profession in that city. Well versed in 
legal lore, and thoroughly systematic in his 
preparation of the cases entrusted to him. 
Colonel Norris rapidly gained a large prac- 
tice, and followed it until 1872, at which 



786 




.,:='^^r^ y'/V]^/^<;^f^'-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR^VPHY 



time he was appointed private secretary to 
Governor Ilartranft, of Pennsylvania. In 
1876 he was appointed Supreme Court Re- 
porter, and in 1877, Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral of the State of Pennsylvania. In 1881 
the people recognized his qualifications for 
high ofijce by electing him to represent the 
Sixth Senatorial District in the State Sen- 
ate. In 1 88 1, President Arthur appointed 
him Pension Agent at Philadelphia, and he 
was elected Auditor-General of the State of 
Pennsylvania, in 1886. He was a member 
of Post No. 19, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of Philadelphia, and was made de- 
partment commander of the Grand Army 
of the Republic of Pennsylvania. 

Colonel Norris married, in Louisville, 
Kentucky, Mirtie, a daughter of William and 
Elida (Norris) Miller, of Mifflin county, 
Pennsylvania, and an old Quaker family of 
Chestertown. Colonel Norris had won 
more than merely local renown as an orator. 
His delivery was quiet, yet forcible ; his 
language, rich and choice, yet never above 
the heads of his audience ; and his vocabu- 
lary was one of unusual scope. He had the 
faculty of seeing the salient features of a 
case almost at a glance, and then placing 
them to the utmost advantage. He never 
took an unfair advantage of an opponent, 
and was ever ready to listen to the reason- 
ing of another, although he always reserved 
the right of forming his own opinions. His 
kindly nature endeared him to friend and 
opponent alike. 



WIERMAN, Thomas T., 

Civil Engineer. 

It is men like Thomas T. Wierman, of 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, who are intelli- 
gent factors in ensuring and developing the 
success of all large cities and the country in 
general. They promote public progress in 
advancing individual prosperity, and they 
are devoted to any business interests with 
which thev become connected. 



Thomas Thornburg W'icrman was an 
only son of Isaac and Susanna (Comly) 
Wierman, and was born in Butler township, 
Adams county, Pennsylvania, in 1813, his 
death occurring in Harrisburg, August 2, 
1887. He received his education in the 
private schools conducted by Judge McLean 
at Gettysburg, and Amos Gilbert at Stras- 
burg, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Until 
the age of twenty-three he assisted his 
father in the cultivation and management 
of the homestead farm, and was then ap- 
pointed on the recommendation of Hon. 
Thaddeus Stevens to a position as rodanan 
on the surveys for the North Branch Canal. 

A chronological record of Air. Wierman's 
engineering services is stated thus : Surveys 
for location of State Canal from Wilkes- 
Barre to New York State line, 1836-1838; 
surveys to avoid incline plane on line of 
State Railroad near Philadelphia, 1838; 
operating State Canal from Juniata Junc- 
tion to Wilkes-Barre, 1839-1842; return to 
employment on the farm in Adams county, 
1843-1845; construction of Eastern Reser- 
voir for State Canal near Hollidaysburg, 
1846; construction of Pennsylvania Rail- 
road from Duncannon to Iroquois, Perry 
county, and track laying through Mifflin 
county, 1847-1849; construction of State 
Canal from Wilkes-Barre to New York 
State Line, 1 850-1 851 ; construction of 
Junction Canal, Waverly to Elmira, New 
York, 1852-1854; surveys for Brooklyn 
Water Works, Long Island, New York, 
1854; construction of Barclay Railroad, 
Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 1855-1857; 
superintendent, Huntingdon & Broad Top 
Railroad, 1857; chief engineer, Canal De- 
partment, Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
1858-1866; chief engineer, Pennsylvania 
Canal Company, 1867-1887. 

In the year 1840, Mr. Wierman married 
Emilie Victorine Piollet, of Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania ; there were si.x chil- 
dren of this union. He was a member of 
the religious Society of Friends. 



787 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WIERMAN, Thomas T. Jr., 

Civil Engineer. 

Thomas T. Wierman Jr., son of Thomas 
T. Wierman Sr., was born in Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania, November ii, 1850. 
He was nine years of age when he removed 
to Harrisburg with his parents, and was 
there educated in private schools and at the 
Harrisburg Academy. He was still very 
young when he became associated with his 
father in the work connected with the Penn- 
sylvania Canal Company, and to an extent 
inherited his father's talents and ability in 
this direction. Upon the death of his father 
he succeeded him as chief engineer of the 
Pennsylvania Canrd Company, and held this 
position until the active operations of the 
company ceased in 1901. In 1903 Mr. 
Wierman was appointed special agent of 
the Real Estate Department, Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company, with offices in Harris- 
burg, and he still retains this position. 

He is a director of the Harrisburg Na- 
tional Bank, and a member of the Pine 
Street Presbyterian Church, also serving on 
the board of trustees of that church. 



WBTHERILL, John Price, 

Metallurgist, Scientist. 

WETHERILL, Samuel Price, 

Prominent Manufacturer. 

The history of the Wetherill family of 
Philadelphia is one of deep interest, both 
from the commercial prominence of the 
family, and the peculiar historical associa- 
tions connected with the name. Originally 
members of the Society of Friends, Samuel 
Wetherill, of the fourth generation, dis- 
played such activity and patriotic ardor for 
the cause of independence that the Phila- 
delphia Monthly Meeting of Friends saw 
in his conduct sufficient deviation from their 
"Ancient Testimony and Peaceable Princi- 
ples" that he was disowned by them in Au- 
gust, 1779. This did not seem to dampen 
his ardor, for he continued his patriotic 



work, and was the prime mover in the 
events that resulted in the organization of 
"The Religious Society of Friends," better 
known as "Free Quakers." Samuel 
Wetherill was the first clerk and preacher, 
three successive generations of the family 
having also held the office of clerk. The 
old patriot, who would not hide his prefer- 
ences under the sombre garb, was not only 
strong in his patriotism and religious fervor, 
but was a leader in the commercial world ; 
and was one of the promoters and man- 
agers of the "United Company of Philadel- 
phia for the Establishment of American 
Industries," a society called into existence 
by the imposition of the "Stamp Act." He 
established a plant on his home lot on South 
alley, between Fifth and Sixth streets, 
where he wove, fulled, and dyed cloths. 
When dyes could not be obtained without 
great cost, he established a chemical labora- 
tory for their manufacture, this being the 
foundation of the immense chemical and 
drug business that yet exists in the family 
name. He supplied well-woven cloth to the 
Continental Congress, from which soldiers" 
uniforms were made, and after peace was 
declared, engaged in the drug business on 
Front above Arch street, under the name 
of Samuel Wetherill & Son, his son Samuel 
being his partner. "Wetherill's Drug Store" 
was long an ancient landmark, and there sons 
and grandsons were graduated and sent forth 
as manufacturing chemists. Samuel Weth- 
erill & Son were the founders of white lead 
manufacturing in the United States, estab- 
lishing a plant in Philadelphia in 1804, then 
abandoned textile manufacturing, and ever 
afterward were manufacturers of drugs, 
chemicals and paints. This business is now 
conducted by descendants of Samuel as 
Wetherill & Brother, probably no business 
in the city having existed so long (1762- 
1914) under one family ownership and 
name. So Samuel Wetherill, the Quaker 
patriot, who suffered for his zeal, deserves 
well of those who venerated patriotism, for 
the hardest battles are not fought on the 



788 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



firing line, but down in one's soul, and when 
the old patriot faced ostracism and disgrace 
from the hands of his brethren, he displayed 
a courage that deserves to be commemorated 
in enduring marble. 

The Wetherills trace an English ancestry 
to the eleventh century. Burke's "Landed 
Gentry" refers to the Wetherell family as 
long seated in the county of Durham and 
the North Riding of Yorkshire, and de- 
scribes the arms borne by the family as 
"Argent, two lions passant, guardant, sable, 
on a chief indented of the last, three covered 
cups, or." This same coat-of-arms was 
brought to New Jersey by Christopher 
Wetherill, who came in 16S3, settling in 
New Jersey, at Burlington, there owned a 
large landed estate, was a member of the 
Proprietary Council of the Province, 1706- 
1707, filling other official positions, includ- 
ing that of sheritT of Burlington county in 
1700. The line of descent is through 
Thomas, eldest son of Christopher and his 
wife, Mary Hornby, who died in England 
in 1680, the mother of four children. Chris- 
topher had no issue by his two American 
wives. 

Thomas Wetherill, born in York county, 
England, November 3, 1674, died in New 
Jersey in 1749. He inherited the greater 
part of his father's lands in New Jersey, 
and was a wealthy landowner of the prov- 
ince, to which he came in 1683. He mar- 
ried, June 22, 1703, Anne Pearson, "late of 
England, but now of Burlington County," 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Pearson, 
of Great Broughton, Cumberland county, 
England. Both Thomas and his father, 
Christopher, were prominent Friends. 

Christopher, eldest son of Thomas and 
Anne (Pearson) Wetherill, was born in 
April, 1706. He inherited a large part of 
the lands descending from his father and 
grandfather in Burlington, Hunterdon, 
Morris and Essex counties. New Jersey, de- 
vising them at his death to his children, 
most of whom had moved to Philadel])hia. 
He married, in 1735, Mary, daughter of 



Judge John Stockton, of the Common Pleas 
Court of Somerset county. New Jersey, and 
a sister of Richard Stockton, a signer of 
the Declaration of Independence, from New 
Jersey. She was a granddaughter of Rich- 
ard Stockton, from Cheshire, England, one 
of the early settlers of Princeton, New 
Jersey, and a great-granddaughter of Rich- 
ard Stockton, of Malapas, Cheshire, Eng- 
land, baptized in 1606. 

Samuel, eldest son of Christopher and 
Mary (Stockton) Wetherill, was born in 
Burlington, New Jersey, April 12, 1736, 
died in Philadelphia, September 24, 1816. 
As noted previously, he became a Philadel- 
phian of great public spirit, taking the live- 
liest interest in public affairs. His connec- 
tion with textile manufacturing and the 
establishment of drug store and chemical 
plant has been narrated, also his early con- 
nection with the "Free Quakers" after his 
disownment by the Society of Friends for 
his patriotic ardor. The meetings of the 
"Free Quakers" were held at his house fre- 
quently until the erection of a meetinghouse 
at the southwest corner of Fifth and Arch 
streets, still standing. The subscription 
fund for this church was contributed to by 
Franklin, Washington, and many others. A 
lot was also granted them by the State of 
Pennsylvania on the east side of Fifth 
street, below Pine. Samuel Wetherill con- 
tinued to preach after he became so feeble 
at eighty years of age that he was carried 
from his carriage to the church in a chair. 
He was a member of the Philadelphia Com- 
mon Council, chairman of the Yellow Fever 
Committee of that body in 1793, and was 
one of the most active members of the 
Water Committee. He married, April 5, 
1762, at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, 
Sarah Yarnall, born August 27, 1734, died 
July 27, 1816, daughter of Mordecai Yar- 
nall, an eminent minister of the Society of 
Friends, and granddaughter of Francis Yar- 
nall, a member of the Colonial Assembly in 
1711. 

Samuel, eldest son of Samuel and Sarah 



789 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Yarnall) Wetherill, was born in Philadel- 
phia, April 27, 1764, died there September 
29, 1829. He was his father's business asso- 
ciate from youth, became a partner with 
him as Wetherill & Son in the drug and 
chemical business on Front street, and later 
in the white lead and paint establishment on 
Twelfth street, in which later his own sons 
and grandsons became partners. He was a 
member of the Philadelphia Common Coun- 
cil, as was his father, and later his son also 
became a member. He succeeded his father 
as clerk of the Society of Free Quakers, 
serving until his death. He married, April 
24, 1788, Rachel Price, born January 28, 
1766, died February 9, 1844, daughter of 
John Price, of Reading, Pennsylvania, and 
his wife, Rebecca, daughter of General 
Jacob Morgan, of Alorgantown, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

John Price, son of Samuel and Rachel 
(Price) Wetherill, was born in Philadel- 
phia, October 17, 1794, died July 23, 1853. 
He obtained an excellent education in his 
youth, and, an enthusiastic and tireless stu- 
dent, in 1817 became a member of the Acad- 
emy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, 
and was vice-president for many years, also 
belonging to the American Philosophical 
Society, the Franklin Institute, the Geo- 
graphical Society, an honorary member of 
the Boston Society of Natural History, the 
Mineralogical Society of St. Petersburg, 
the American Society for the Advancement 
of Science, and the New Jersey Society of 
Natural History. He became identified, in 
young manhood, with the chemical and paint 
manufacturing business of his father and 
grandfather, and was connected therewith 
for many years, during which time the firm 
ably maintained its supremacy in its field. 
John Price Wetherill, already a man of 
many interests, entered the sphere that was 
most productive of good, and in which he 
gained the greatest fame upon his election 
to the Common Council of the city of Phil- 
adelphia, October 13, 1829, the third gener- 
ation of his family to hold membership in 



that body. Three years after being elected 
to the lower house of the City Council, he 
became a Select Councilman, a position he 
held, until his death, a period of nearly 
twenty- four years, during which time he 
was chairman of the water committee, and 
took an active part in the discussion and 
debate on all important bills and measures 
reaching that body of council. He succeeded 
his father as clerk of the Society of Free 
Quakers, an organization then greatly re- 
duced in numbers by the deaths of the early 
members and the reversion of others to the 
sect from which they sprang, the Society 
of Friends, and for a time Mr. Wetherill 
was almost the only regular attendant, prior 
to the discontinuation of regular meetings 
for worship. The meetings of the society 
having thus lost their usefulness, Mr. 
Wetherill completed arrangements for the 
organization of a charitable society, to which 
the control of the property was transferred. 
The Apprentices' Library became housed 
therein in 1841, soon after its organization, 
the nominal rental being directed toward 
the purchase of books adapted to the re- 
quirements of the patrons of the library. 
John Price Wetherill was succeeded in the 
clerkship of the Society by his son, John 
Price Jr.. who with other members of the 
family retained the organization, and since 
1882 meetings have been held on the first 
Wednesday of November of each year, the 
present clerk of the Society being William 
H. Wetherill, the fifth of his family thus to 
serve. 

At his death John Price Wetherill was 
senior member of the family drug firm, 
associated in various advisory and executive 
capacities with many of the city's institu- 
tions, and president of the Schuylkill Bank, 
an office he had held since 1846. For sev- 
eral years he was captain of the Second 
Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry. He con- 
tracted his fatal illness while a member of 
the committee appointed by Select Council 
to receive President Franklin Pierce, when 
that dignitary visited Philadelphia. He mar- 



790 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ried, August 14, 1817, Alaria Kane, born 
May 24, 1797, died August 30, 1877, daugh- 
ter of John Prescott Lawrence, M. D., of 
Fort Edward, New York, by his wife, Abi- 
gail Kane, and a descendant through twenty- 
two generations from Sir Robert Lawrence, 
of Ashton Hall, Lancaster county, England, 
a Crusader, knighted by Richard Coeur de 
Lion at the siege of Acre, A. D. 1191. Chil- 
dren of John Price and Maria Kane (Law- 
rence) Wetherill: i. Rachel. 2. Elizabeth 
K. 3. Samuel, of whom further. 4. John 
Price, a graduate of the University of 
Pennsylvania, a manufacturer of Philadel- 
phia ; member of Select Council ; one of the 
Guardians of the Poor; member of the 
Board of Education; inspector of Moya- 
mensing Prison ; member Constitutional 
Convention, 1873 ; member of Board of 
Finance of the Centennial Exposition ; pres- 
ident of Board of Trade of Philadelphia; 
director of Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany; president of American Steamship 
Company, of the Western Savings Fund 
Society, and member of the American 
Philosophical Society. 5. Elisha Kane. 6. 
Rebecca. 

Samuel, eldest son of John Price and 
Maria K. (Lawrence) Wetherill, was born 
in Philadelphia, May 27, 1S21, died at Ox- 
ford, Talbot county, Maryland, June 24, 
1890. He was educated in the city of his 
birth, and received his early business train- 
ing in the white lead and chemical works of 
Wetherill & Brother, his father and uncle 
then composing the firm, and, familiarizing 
himself with the entire business, was 
actively connected therewith until his twen- 
ty-ninth year. As a skillful chemist he 
entered the employ of the New Jersey Zinc 
Company, whose plant was at Newark, New 
Jersey, and while there conceived an idea 
with the practicality of which he experi- 
mented constantly, in 1852 perfecting a pro- 
cess by which white oxide of zinc was de- 
rived direct from the ore. The organiza- 
tion of the Lehigh Zinc Company for the 
marketing of his invention was completed 



the following year, and the Lehigh Zinc 
Works were erected at South Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, known for many years after 
that time as Wetherill, in honor of Samuel 
Wetherill. Flis newly patented process was 
registered as the Wetherill Furnace, and 
Mr. Wetherill was the first American manu- 
facturer to produce metallic zinc of any 
commercial value, the ingot from which was 
rolled the first sheet of metallic zinc being 
produced in 1857, marking a new epoch in 
the history of American industries, a his- 
tory that has since become so wealthy in 
innovations. 

His new business thus fairly launched 
upon what proved to be a successful career, 
Mr. Wetherill was not long permitted to 
foster its growth and development before 
the outbreak of the war between the states 
called him to duty at the front. Soon after 
the beginning of hostilities he recruited two 
companies of cavalry in Bethlehem, was 
commissioned captain of one in August, 
1861, and was assigned to Harlan's Light 
Cavalry, afterwards the Eleventh Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, serving in the Army of the 
Potomac and later in the Army of the 
James. On October i, 1861, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of major, was at times in 
command of the regiment, his battalion fre- 
quently being detailed for detached duty, 
and in the end of his service was chief of 
staff to General Kautz, cavalry commander 
of the Army of the James. Under all con- 
ditions of warfare, from weary periods of 
encampment to the hardest fighting. Major 
Wetherill was ever the true soldier, never 
presuming upon his rank to secure exemp- 
tion from the hardships and discomforts 
endured by his men, always considerate of 
their comfort, in battle careful of their lives. 
Strict obedience and discipline was accorded 
him more because of the respect he engen- 
dered as a brave and fearless gentleman 
than because of the authority signified by 
his sword, and his conduct on the field of 
battle was recognized by his being brevetted 
lieutenant-colonel. United States Volun- 



791 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.\PHY 



teers, March 13, 1865, "for gallant and 
meritorious services throughout the cam- 
paign' of 1864, against Richmond, Virginia.'' 
He received his honorable discharge from 
the military service of the United States on 
September 30, 1864, returning to his manu- 
facturing interests, from which he retired 
in later life. 

Colonel Samuel Wetherill married (first) 
January i, 1844, Sarah Maria Chattin, born 
July 3, 1821, died July 3, 1869; (second) 
October 14, 1870, Thyrza A., daughter of 
John and Martha T. (Wilson) James. By 
his first marriage he was the father of seven 
children ; by his second, three. 

John Price, eldest son of Colonel Samuel 
and Sarah Maria (Chattin) Wetherill, was 
born in Belleville, New York, November 
13, 1844, and after studying in private 
schools preparatory to college entrance 
matriculated at the Polytechnic College of 
Philadelphia. In this institution he took 
civil and mining engineering courses and 
was graduated therefrom with degrees in 
both, until 1881, being connected with the 
mining and engineering department of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company 
and the Philadelpliia & Reading Iron and 
Coal Company, located at and working from 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania. In this year he, 
his brother, Samuel Price Wetherill, and 
Richard and August Heckscher, jointly pur- 
chased the Lehigh Zinc Works, at South 
Bethlehem, the concern founded by his 
father, and was manager of the works until 
the original company was absorbed by the 
New Jersey Zinc Company, becoming direc- 
tor and consulting engineer of the latter 
company, offices that he relinquished upon 
his retirement from business. Among the 
new processes put into operation at the Le- 
high Zinc Works, including the Wetherill 
furnace, was the Wetherill magnetic con- 
centrating process for the treatment of re- 
fractory ores, a process invented and 
patented by John Price Wetherill, who in- 
herited a large portion of the mechanical 
genius that characterized his distinguished 



father. \'aluable not only because of its 
extreme practicality, but marking an epoch 
in metallurgical science, Mr. Wetherill's in- 
vention attracted wide notice and lauda- 
tory comment in- scientific circles, and is 
minutely described in a paper by Professor 
H. B. C. Nitze, presented at the Pittsburgh 
meeting of the American Institute of Alin- 
ing Engineers, in Febrviary, 1896. Besides 
being published in the "Transactions" of 
the Society, it appeared in the "Journal of 
the Franklin Institute'' for April, 1897, ap- 
preciations of rare distinction. 

Social, athletic, and patriotic societies 
claimed him as a member, and he belonged 
to the L^nion League, Rittenhouse, Phila- 
delphia Country, Merion Cricket, Radnor 
Hunt, Corinthian Yacht, New York Yacht, 
Bicayne Bay Yacht, and Manufacturers' 
Clubs ; was the organizer of the Poho- 
qualine Fishing Association, of Monroe 
county, Pennsylvania, of which he was for 
ten years president ; a member of the Soci- 
ety of the Cincinnati, and of the Pennsyl- 
vania Society, Sons of the Revolution. Mr. 
Wetherill was a member of the Philadel- 
I)hia Art Club, and it was his love of out- 
door life that furnished him with the sub- 
jects upon which he performed some of the 
best of his work, his rural scenes and land- 
scapes showing an exceptional talent and a 
faithtul, sympathetic reproduction of locals 
ties in which he passed many pleasant hours. 

John Price Wetherill's life of activity and 
accomplishment ended at his residence. No. 
2014 Walnut street, Philadelphia, Novem- 
ber 9, 1906, after an illness lasting a year. 
Many circles, during the sixty-two years 
of his life, had enjoyed his companionship, 
nearly all had benefitted therefrom, and 
when the object of the association or insti- 
tution was the pursuit of pleasure he had 
lent life and spirit to the party. All re- 
memberances of him by his countless friends 
are of a true gentleman, contact with whom 
brought realization of his strong virility and 
upright straightforwardness. 

He married, January 20, 1869, Alice D., 



792 




aiacr,ci!lAi;:s/,s: 



jV^^^y^^-^^ 0^.^^2^/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, Janu- 
ary I, 1847, daughter of Ira Cortright, a 
prominent coal operator of that section, by 
his wife, Margaret Sherry, and a descend- 
ant of Sebastian Van Kortright, of an an- 
cient family of Flanders, who came to New 
Amsterdam in the ship "Brindle Cow," 
April 16, 1665, with his two sons, Michael 
and Jan, settling at Harlem. Children of 
John Price and Alice D. (Cortright) 
Wetherill: i. Margaret, born February 8, 
1870, died October 21, 1870. 2. Samuel, 
born Alay 10, 1871, died April 24, 1872. 
3. Ira Cortright, born October 17, 1873, 
married Elizabeth Josephine Campbell, and 
has issue. 4. Anna, born February 13, 
1876; married (first) William H. Addicks ; 
(second) George C. Stout, M. D., having 
issue by her second marriage. 5. Alice, 
born March 20, 1878, died August 20, 1878. 
6. Florence, born August 11, 1881, married 
Graham Wood, and had issue. 7. John 
Price (4th), born April 18, 18S3; president 
of the W^etherill Pneumatic Casting Com- 
pany ; married Catharine Hall. 8. William 
Chattin, born August 16, 1886. 9. Carl Au- 
gustus Heckscher, born October 15, 18S9. 

Samuel Price, second son of Colonel Sam- 
uel and Sarah Maria (Chattin) Wetherill, 
was born at Saugerties, New York, May 17, 
1846. As a youth he attended Nazareth 
Hall Military Academy, Pennsylvania, and 
the Model School at Trenton, New Jersey, 
starting business life in the employ of 
Wetherill & Brother, white lead manufac- 
turers and wholesale druggists, in Philadel- 
phia, in 1868 severing his connection with 
the ancestral house and establishing in busi- 
ness as a commission merchant, dealing in 
paints and drugs. This business he later 
organized as the S. P. Wetherill Company, 
paint manufacturers, locating the company's 
factory at Twenty-second street and Alle- 
gheny avenue, its present site, the office 
being at No. 925 Chestnut street. Mr. 
Wetherill has been president of the com- 
pany that bears his name since its forma- 
tion, and through the pursuance of a vigor- 



ous and modern business policy is now the 
head' of a concern that in stability and excel- 
lence of reputation is second to none in its 
field. In 1880 John Price Wetherill, Rich- 
ard and August Heckscher, and Mr. Weth- 
erill purchased the Lehigh Zinc Works at 
South Bethlehem, founded by his father, 
and upon its consolidation with the New 
Jersey Zinc Company became a director of 
the latter concern, a position he holds to the 
present time. Mr. Wetherill's clubs are the 
Rittenhouse, Racquet, and Philadelphia 
Gun, and he holds membership in the Union 
League. His position in the life of the city 
in which he is interested is a worthy one, 
and in him the family characteristics of 
honor, integrity, and purity of principle are 
well preserved. 

He married, February 6, 1872, Christine, 
born February 21, 1852, daughter of George 
Northrop, junior, by his wife, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of George Deacon Wetherill, a descend- 
ant of an ancient English family, her father 
for half a century a conspicuous figure in 
the legal profession of Philadelphia. Chil- 
dren of Samuel Price and Christine (North- 
rop) Wetherill: i. Georgine Northrop, born 
March 4, 1873; married, April 18, 1893, 
Charles Sillard Smith, becoming his second 
wife, and resides in Bala, Pennsylvania. 2. 
Sarah, born October 11, 1874; married, 
June 6, 1898, Robert R. Logan, and had 
issue. 3. Northrop, born May 3, 1876, died 
August 18, 1876. 4. Christine, born April 
10, 1878; married, June 9, 1908, William 
Gordon Stevenson, of Philadelphia. 5. 
Samuel Price, Jr., born May 12, 1880; mar- 
ried, June 7, 1902, Edith Bucknell, and had 
issue. 6. Isabella, born December 6, 1881. 



HEINZ, Henry J., 

Fonnder of H. J. Heinz Company. 

Emerson says, "Every institution is the 
lengthened shadow of a man." These are 
words which might be truthfully uttered of 
Henry J. Heinz, of Pittsburgh, founder and 
president of the H. J. Heinz Company, for. 



793 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



albeit he has had able associates, his will 
and genius have been the originating and 
sustaining forces of this great enterprise. 
In less than fifty years it has attained dimen- 
sions which many businesses, counted very 
successful, do not reach in a century. 

The family record has been traced back 
by Mr. Heinz to 1599, that date being in- 
scribed upon a stone garden seat which he 
brought from the ancestral home in Ger- 
many to his residence in Pittsburgh, where 
it is often pointed out to visitors. The 
family name appears in the church records 
of Kallstadt first in 1608, in the person of 
Lorenz Heinz, who was born in the latter 
part of the sixteenth century, in Kallstadt, 
province of Rheinfalz, Bavaria, Germany, 
and was a prosperous vineyard owner, a 
state official and a church trustee. 

Henry Heinz, founder of the family in 
the United States, was born in Kallstadt, 
Germany, and in 1840 emigrated to this 
country, settling at what was then Birming- 
ham, now South Side, Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1850 he moved to Sharpsburg, a 
suburb of that city, where he engaged in the 
manufacture of brick. Henry Heinz mar- 
ried, December 4, 1843, Anna Margarethe 
Schmidt, who was born in Cruspis, Ger- 
many, and came to Pittsburgh the year of 
her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Heinz were 
the parents of nine children, the eldest of 
whom was Henry J., the subject of this 
sketch. The father and mother of the fam- 
ily, devout members of the Lutheran church, 
were respected by all for their strict integ- 
rity and exemplary lives. 

Henry J. Heinz, son of Henry and Anna 
Margarethe (Schmidt) Heinz, was born 
October 11, 1844, in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he received his education in 
the Church School, the public schools and 
at Duff's Commercial College. It was the 
intention of his parents to fit him for the 
ministry, but he early developed inclina- 
tions and talents for commercial pursuits, 
and, with the exception of a few years, his 
career has been exclusively concerned in 



its business side with the manufacture of 
pure food products. As a boy, he gave evi- 
dence of business ability in the cultivation 
and sale of the vegetables which he raised 
in his parents' garden plot of four acres. 
Tradition says that the first money Mr. 
Heinz ever earned for himself was in com- 
pany with twenty other boys who, at twen- 
ty-five cents a day, picked up potatoes for 
a neighboring farmer, on a tract of land 
which later was embraced in the holdings 
of the Aspinwall Land Company, of which 
Mr. Heinz was one of the organizers and 
later president. The precepts and example 
of his Christian parents afforded him the 
best religious training, a fact to which, in 
after years, he largely attributed his suc- 
cess. Especially was he influenced by his 
mother, who impressed upon him those 
principles which have been the rule of his 
life, and between whom and himself there 
ever existed a steadfast and beautiful devo- 
tion. At the age of sixteen, Mr. Heinz be- 
came bookkeeper and practical assistant in 
his father's business, and about this time 
he also commenced to grow, and during the 
winter months to bottle, horseradish, which 
he disposed of to the city grocers. In cal- 
culating the profits for the sales of the 
year, when he reached the age of nineteen 
— 1863— he discovered that he had sold 
twenty-four hundred dollars worth of pro- 
duce from the four-acre lot. These results 
were obtained in a day before it became the 
practice to ship vegetables from the South. 
By starting his plants early in hot beds, and 
transplanting them into the garden at about 
the time gardeners were just beginning to 
plant the seed, the young gardener not only 
came into the market first with his vege- 
tables, receiving a high price, but was able 
to obtain two or three crops a year, instead 
"of one. The book in which the record of 
this profitable gardening appears, the en- 
tries being in Mr. Heinz's handwriting, is 
now in the cherished possession of his sons. 
When he reached his majority in 1865, 
his father took him into partnership, and he 



794 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



speedily gave evidence of his ability to 
initiate by introducing methods whereby 
brickyards could be successfully operated 
in winter as well as summer. It was the 
practice in large city brickyards to operate 
all year. The young partner visited a city 
brickyard, observed the methods followed 
and adapted the idea to the little yard at 
home. As a result the business was in- 
creased threefold in two years. 

Sharpsburg in 1869 was a town of but 
3,000 population, and the demand for the 
output of the brickyard was restricted, lor 
this reason Mr. Heinz's parents encoura^,--d 
him in his ambition to engage in a business 
of his own. He formed a partnership to 
manufacture brick at Beaver Falls, Penn- 
sylvania, but soon withdrew from this ven- 
ture, and in the same year, 1869, returned 
to Sharpsburg and commenced to pack 
food products, beginning with the bottling 
of horseradish. His father's family had 
moved into a new residence, and a portion 
of the former family home was utilized as 
the factory for the new business. The 
basement and one room on the first floor 
constituted the factory; another room 
served as shipping department and office. 

In 1872 the business was removed to 
Pittsburgh, where it was first conducted 
under the firm name of Heinz, Noble & 
Company, the style becoming later F. & J. 
Heinz, and in 1888 it assumed its present 
name of H. J. Heinz Company. The legal 
status of this business was that of a part- 
nership until 1905, when it was converted 
into a corporation. 

Through all changes of name and form, 
Mr. Heinz has remained the head of the 
house, and to his management and enter- 
prise is to be largely attributed its phenom- 
enal success. He has worked, not for 
money, but for success, realizing that suc- 
cess would mean not less money, and this 
love for success has been communicated to 
his responsible associates, arousing uncon- 
sciously an energy and enthusiasm that 
permeates the entire establishment, creating 



a "spirit" of mutual cooperation and con- 
fidence that may not improperly be termed 
the "Heinz Spirit." Never has he regarded 
his employes as parts of a great machine, 
but has recognized their individuality and 
has made it a rule that faithful and efficient 
service should be promptly rewarded. Con- 
vincing proof of his attitude as an employer 
is to be found in the fact that never, in his 
establishment in its more than forty-five 
years history, has the course of business 
been interrupted by dissensions or strikes. 
His employes know that he has always 
sought in all ways to show his interest in 
them and they have responded to this treat- 
ment by trusting him to see to it that any 
grievances they may have are promptly and 
satisfactorily adjusted. They have learned 
to know too, that the members of his family 
interested in the business are actuated by 
the same feeling, so if the father is absent, 
they go just as readily and confidently to 
the sons and partners. 

Mr. Heinz's regard for the comfort of 
his employes and his friendly attitude 
toward them have had their influence, 
among other factors, in making the busi- 
ness the greatest of its kind in the world. 
Besides the main plant in Pittsburgh, the 
Company has sixteen branch factories, 
three of these being in England, Canada 
and Spain, seventy-eight salting houses, 
twenty branch houses, including one in 
London, and agencies in the commercial 
centers of the world. The home factory 
in Pittsburgh, occupies a floor space of over 
thirty acres, which is increased to over 
eighty acres when all branch houses are 
counted in. The Company uses the annual 
product of more than 100,000 acres of vege- 
table and fruit lands, employs continually 
six thousand persons, including over seven 
hundred traveling salesmen, and has re- 
ceived medals and highest awards from the 
greatest expositions of the world. 

Mr. Heinz is one who builds on firm 
foundations. He is, moreover, one who be- 
lieves in judicious advertising and, by the 



795 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



extensive and intelligent use of appropriate 
media of publicity, the name of Heinz has 
become widely known. His Company has 
rendered valuable assistance in the passage 
of pure food laws, and every department of 
the business has striven to keep the products 
of the House in purity and wholesomeness 
in advance of all legal requirements. 

Among the business organizations which 
Mr. Heinz serves as director may be men- 
tioned the Union National Bank and West- 
ern Insurance Company, both of Pittsburgh. 
He belongs to tliat class of distinctively 
representative American men who promote 
public progress in advancing individual 
prosperity, and whose private interests 
never preclude active participation in move- 
ments and measures which concern the 
public good. He is an enthusiastic worker 
for civil reform, and no project for fur- 
thering the welfare or adding to the beauty 
of his home city ever lacks his hearty co- 
operation and support. When the Flood 
Commission of Pittsburgh, made up of 
prominent business and professional men 
and eminent engineers, was appointed to 
devise means of protecting Pittsburgh from 
floods, a local question of paramount im- 
portance, Mr. Heinz was chosen president 
of the organization. Among other civic 
organizations with which he is identified 
are the following: The Pittsburgh Civic 
Commission, of which he is vice-president ; 
the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, of 
which he is a director. He is also vice- 
president of the Western Pennsylvania Ex- 
position Society, having been one of its 
promoters, and is a director in the Tuber- 
culosis Sanitarium and the Western Penn- 
sylvania Hospital. He is widely but un- 
ostentatiously charitable and is in sympathy 
with the work of higher education and has 
contributed to its support in various ways. 
His most direct connection with educational 
work found expression in the aid he ren- 
dered in the establishment of the Kansas 
City University, and for a number of years 
he was president of its board of trustees. 



His interest in the welfare of the com- 
munity in which he lives led him in 1914 
to make a gift to the University of Pitts- 
burgh. In his letter announcing the gift 
he wrote: "This sum is to be used in the 
erection of a suitable building on the Uni- 
versity campus as a memorial to my 
mother, Anna Margarethe Heinz. This gift 
is made with the Understanding that the 
building shall be exclusively used for the 
religious and social activities of the student 
body of the University." 

In national politics Mr. Heinz has been 
an advocate of the principles of the Re- 
publican party. In municipal affairs, how- 
ever, he has given his support to any man, 
who by reason of character and experience 
seemed to him best qualified to serve the 
public welfare. His interest in education 
led to his election for two terms to the 
Board of Public Education. He is recog- 
nized as a vigilant and attentive observer of 
men and measures. 

There are few sections of the world 
which he has not visited in quest of infor- 
mation and recreation and he has found 
much pleasure in the so-called fad of "col- 
lecting." He has gathered a large and 
interesting collection of antique and modern 
ivory carvings, watches miniatures, fans, 
firearms, and historic canes, books on cos- 
tumes and old Bibles. It is one of the larg- 
est private collections in the United States. 
Every age of the world and every habitable 
portion o,f the globe are represented. His 
pursuit of collecting is not solely a response 
to a love of rare and unique things, but it 
springs in part from a desire to provide 
something for the enjoyment of the public, 
as many of his artistic antiques have been 
placed on public exhibition. He also takes 
a delight in surprising his friends with the 
gift of some unusual antique from some 
faraway corner of the world. 

It is not an overstatement to say that Mr. 
Heinz has reserved for religion the largest 
place in his program of life. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and for 



796 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



over twenty of the busiest years of his life, 
he was a Sunday school superintendent, 
with which work he has been intimately 
connected since his twenty-sixth year. He 
has been president of the Pennsylvania 
State Sabbath School Association for the 
past seven years, and served as president 
of the Allegheny County Association for 
four years preceding his promotion to the 
head of the State work. For several years 
he has been a member of the executive com- 
mittees of the International and Worlds 
Associations, and in 1913 was chairman of 
a party of twenty-nme business men of 
large atiairs, and Sunday school specialists, 
that made a four months' tour of the Ori- 
ent, including China, Japan, and Korea, in 
the interest of the Sunday school. At the 
convention of the World's Sunday School 
Association in Zurich in July, 1913, to 
which convention the Oriental Commission 
reported, Mr. Heinz was chosen chairman 
of the executive committee, thus placing 
upon him the responsibility of directing the 
Sunday school work of the world for a 
term of three years. 

The Young Men's Christian Association 
has naturally appealed to Mr. Heinz and he 
has been active in promoting its interests. 

Mr. Heinz married, September 23, 1869, 
Sarah Sloan, daughter of Robert and Mary 
(Sloan) Young, of Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania. The Youngs were a highly 
esteemed family of county Down, Ireland, 
and were of the Presbyterian faith. Mr. 
and Mrs. Heinz were the parents of the 
following children : Irene Edwilda, mar- 
ried to John L. Given, of New York City; 
Clarence Noble, connected with the adver- 
tising department of the H. J. Heinz Com- 
pany ; Howard, vice-president of the Com- 
pany, married, October, 1906, Elizabeth 
Rust, of Saginaw, Michigan ; Robert Eu- 
gene, died in infancy ; and Clifford Stan- 
ton, who is identified with the manufactur- 
ing department of the Company. The be- 
loved mother of these children died No- 
vember 29, 1894. 



Henry J. Heinz is a man who conducts 
his business on terms alike to employer and 
employed. He tinds his remuneration, not 
in the acquisition of dollars and cents, but 
in the satisfaction of seeing those who 
cooperate loyally and enthusiastically in 
producing a business success enjoying the 
fruits of that success. Mr. Heinz has never 
taken unto himself the credit for the accom- 
plishments of his business. He has always 
given large credit to his associates, train- 
ing them to believe in and rely upon two 
principles of business, which he has ex- 
pressed in these words : "To do a common 
tiling uncommonly well brings success" and 
"It is neither capital nor labor but manage- 
ment that brings success, since management 
will attract capital, and capital can employ 
labor." 

The business which Mr. Heinz founded, 
and of which he has always been the head, 
has brought to its founder wealth and influ- 
ence, and it has brought also much of far 
greater value — gratitude and heartfelt affec- 
tion, for in advancing to the position which 
has been his for more than a quarter of a 
century, never has he neglected an oppor- 
tunity to extend a helping hand to those less 
fortunate than himself nor to make his 
prosperity a blessing to his fellowmen. 



MEEHAN, Thomas, 

Scientist, Iiitterateur, Public Official. 

To properly estimate the character of 
Thomas Meehan, botanist, scientist, litera- 
teur and public official, it is necessary to 
know something of the personality of the 
man. although to know him through his 
public record and writings necessarily im- 
presses one with his greatness. 

Left much to himself in his youth, he 
formed the habit of deep thinking and this 
was true of his whole life. When from his 
mind he had wrested a decision, Gibraltar 
was not firmer. A firm believer in evolu- 
tion, he conceded to every man or animal 
the right to fight for an existence, and he 



197 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a fighter, believing that the "survival of 
the fittest" was nature's own law, and ap- 
plied to everybody and everything. Firm 
and inflexible, he could both give and take 
and willing to go under if the others were 
"fittest." That side of his nature was well 
defined and well understood, as was also 
the gentler side. A more kindly hearted 
man never lived nor one more genuinely in- 
terested in the welfare of humanity. He is 
known as the "father of the Small Park 
System" of Philadelphia, and among the 
family treasures is the silver plaque, pre- 
sented by citizens of Philadelphia, which 
attests this fact. In his latter years when 
grandchildren and great-grandchildren came 
to the Germantown mansion, it was not an 
uncommon sight to see him lay aside for a 
brief time a weighty article, and entertain 
the little ones. The two natures were beau- 
tifully blended, and in Thomas Meehan was 
produced a man whom it is a delight to 
honor. 

Thomas Meehan was born at Potter's 
Bar, near Bernet Hertford, Middlesex, 
England, March 26, 1826, died in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1901. He 
was the son of Edward Meehan, Irish born, 
one of the most skilful private gardeners of 
England, from whom the son inherited his 
love for plant life. His mother, Sarah Den- 
ham, was a descendant of one of the oldest 
EngHsh agricultural families of England 
and under her teaching he obtained his 
early education. The lad became deaf 
through an illness, and this lessening his 
enjoyment of boyish companionship, he 
spent much of his time in the fields and 
roads, la3'ing a perfect foundation on which 
to erect his future career. In his youth he 
was a powerful swimmer, and this accom- 
plishment, coupled with a physical courage 
that equalled the moral stamina he after- 
ward displayed, enabled him, alone and 
assisted, to save thirteen lives. On one 
occasion, when rescuing two men from a 
drifting canal boat on the flooded Schuyl- 
kill, he was reported drowned, and in the 



papers of the following morning had the 
unique pleasure of reading his obituary. 
He developed rapidly, and at the age of thir- 
teen years his first article was published, 
and at about the same time he succeeded in 
hybridizing the fuchsia for the first time, 
producing a race he called the St. Clair. 
These early efforts attracted the attention 
of well known men who befriended him as 
a boy and remained his truest friends. At 
the age of fifteen years he made and pub- 
lished his first scientific discovery, on the 
lines which afterward made him famous — 
"Irritable stamens in the flowers of Portu- 
lacca Grandiflora," then a new introduction 
from Mexico. His spare time, while watch- 
ing by night the fires of the greenhouses, 
was spent in study in this manner, and by 
means of a night school in which each pupil 
was a teacher, he so developed his natural 
talent that at the earliest date his age per- 
mitted, he entered the Royal Gardens at 
Kew. There, for refusing to take the con- 
stable's oath of office to assist in suppressing 
the Chartists, he fell under suspicion of 
being in sympathy with that class, thereby 
incurring the ill-will of Sir William Hooker, 
director of the Gardens, who subjected him 
to petty annoyances, hoping to force his 
resignation. But Mr. Meehan refused to 
leave the Gardens unless furnished an offi- 
cial certificate of the completion of the 
course of study. This he finally received, 
and on March i, 1848, he sailed for the 
United States on a vessel named "The 
Devonshire." Pie arrived March 21, fol- 
lowing, and on his twenty-second birthday 
arrived in Philadelphia with twenty-five dol- 
lars in his pocket, having made the trip 
from New York to Philadelphia by canal 
boat. 

Arriving in his new home in a strange 
land, he at once sought out Robert Buist, 
with whom he had secured employment be- 
fore leaving England. A year later he en- 
tered the employ of Andrew Eastwick, 
under whose supervision he laid out and 
restored Bartram's Gardens, now a part 



798 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the park system of Philadelphia, famous 
as a work of America's early botanist, John 
Bartram, and the second botanic garden 
established in this country. Later he worked 
for Caleb Cope, at Holmesburg, married in 
1852, and, after the birth of a son, William 
Edward, in 1853, left Mr. Cope's employ 
and started in business for himself. He 
established his principal nursery at what is 
now Ambler, with a branch at Germantown, 
having a partner, William Saunders, but the 
firm soon dissolved. He prospered until the 
beginning of the Civil War when, through 
heavy losses in the South, he nearly failed. 
For a brief period he had a special partner, 
and on the dissolution of this connection he 
took an active partner and as Meehan & 
Wandell prospered for several years. Later 
this partnership was dissolved by the death 
of Mr. Wandell, Mr. Meehan becoming sole 
proprietor of the business, which at the time 
of his death had grown to such proportions 
that seventy-five acres were under cultiva- 
tion at the Germantown gardens. Mr. Mee- 
han was a great botanist, and had a secure 
position in the scientific world. He gave 
preference in his nursery to the cultivation 
of American plants, but many exotic species 
were cultivated on a large scale and many 
remarkable and interesting botanical speci- 
mens were there to be found. The business 
is now carried on by three of his sons, and 
a trip to Meehan's nursery in Germantown 
is one of the attractions of the city. 

Mr. Meehan's additions to the literature 
of botany were valuable and numerous, his 
memberships in scientific societies exceed- 
ingly so. In March, i860, he was elected a 
member of the Academy of Natural Sci- 
ences, and was ever an interested member, 
becoming vice-president. He was one of 
the oldest members of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, 
and one o£ its first Fellows ; belonged to the 
American Philosophical Society, the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania, the Penn- 
sylvania Horticultural Society, of which he 
was corresponding secretary for many 



years ; honorary member of the leading hor- 
ticultural societies of America, the Royal 
Horticultural Society of London, and the 
Royal Wernerian Society, of Edinboro, 
Scotland, his membership in the latter 
dating from 1844. For several successive 
years he was elected annually to the board 
of visitors of Harvard University, was a 
member of the first board of trustees of the 
Philadelphia Economic Museum (1894), 
and the first State Botanist of Pennsylvania, 
after the creation of the State Board of 
Agriculture. 

The "Gardeners' Monthly," a horticul- 
tural magazine, was founded by Rodney 
King, a Philadelphia horticulturist, in 1859, 
and Mr. Meehan became its editor and held 
that position for twenty-nine years until 
the magazine was sold on the death of its 
publisher, Charles H. ]\Iarot. His person- 
ality was so strongly impressed on the mag- 
azine that its name and that of Mr. Meehan 
were interchangeable. He also was for a 
time editor of the agricultural department of 
the "Philadelphia Press," under Colonel 
Forney, and was horticultural and agricul- 
tural editor of several newspapers and jour- 
nals, at one time contributing to six, includ- 
ing the "Maryland Farmer," "New York 
Independent," "New York Tribune," and 
the "Public Ledger" of Philadelphia. While 
at Caleb Cope's he wrote and later published 
"The American Handbook of Ornamental 
Trees" (Lippincott, 1853), which was well 
received. He was the author of the de- 
scriptions which appeared with the litho- 
graphed plates of plants issued by Prang of 
Boston, as "The Native Flowers and Ferns 
of the United States," by Thomas Meehan 
(1879). This work, in eight volumes, was 
discontinued at the death of Mr. Robson, 
but publication resumed in 1890, when Mr. 
Meehan and his younger sons established 
"Meehan's Monthly," devoted to "General 
Gardening and Wildflowers." As a scien- 
tific man Mr. Meehan corresponded with 
most of the scientists of prominence in both 
Europe and America. Charles Darwin 



799 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



maintained a close correspondence with him 
for years, and relied on Mr. Meehan's 
observations for many of his published 
facts, giving due credit in many instances in 
his wonderful books. A misunderstanding 
later arose between these two strong minds, 
and their pleasant intercourse ended. Rev. 
Henslow, in his book "Origin of Floral 
Structure," also drew upon Mr. Meehan's 
mine of information. The published articles 
in paper, pamphlet and book form, credited 
to Mr. Meehan, are numbered by the hun- 
dreds and cannot be enumerated here. His 
views were not always accepted by bota- 
nists, and were often antagonized, but all 
united in acknowledging his worth as a 
botanist and as a man, his untiring public 
spirit, his wide philanthropy, his kindly 
heart, pleasant personality, and distin- 
guished presence. 

Between 1S70 and 1890 Mr. Meehan 
traveled extensively throughout the west, 
and on one of these journeys discovered 
and named the Englemann Canon in the 
Wasatch Mountains. He visited Alaska 
soon after its acquisition by the United 
States, where he studied the relation be- 
tween glaciers and vegetation. He an- 
nounced as a theory, afterward corroborated 
by his son William, as a result of similar 
investigation in Greenland, that while vege- 
tation receded with the advance of glaciers 
and advanced with their retreat, it often was 
buried for indefinite periods and remained 
dormant until recession took place, when it 
again started into growth. 

Noted in literature and science, there was 
another side to this great man's nature that 
gave to Philadelphia much that is now 
highly valued. His untiring interest in the 
park system and schools of Philadelphia 
extended through his entire official life and 
was productive of far reaching results. 

His career as a public man began during 
the Civil War, when he joined with a num- 
ber of other prominent men in an endeavor 
to efifect a compromise with the South, and 
he was also concerned in the preparation of 



the Crittenden Resolutions. At this period 
of his life, a Bell and Everett Democrat, he 
became a Republican when hostilities actu- 
ally began, and was ever afterwards a "stal- 
wart of stalwarts." After the war he was 
appointed a member of a commission to 
confer with Southern leaders to devise 
means to restore commerce with the North. 
In 1876 he was elected a member of the 
School Board of Philadelphia, Twenty-sec- 
ond section, and served continuously until 
the January preceding his death, a quarter 
of a century. On the day of his funeral the 
flags of all the school houses in German- 
town flew at half mast, by order of the 
president of the Twenty-second section. In 
1880, at the request of leading independent 
Republicans, he consented to stand for 
Common Council, on the Regular Republi- 
can ticket, was elected and reelected, and 
was a member at the time of his death. In 
ten years after his first election the streets 
of Germantown, then of dirt, became one 
of the best paved sections of Philadelphia, 
and an ordinance requiring all public school 
buildings to be not more than two stories 
in height wherever possible, had been passed 
through Mr. Meehan's efforts. As a mem- 
ber of the school committee of Common 
Council, he visited every school house in 
the city, obtaining at first hand all the data 
of school population, and his report show- 
ing the school needs and money required to 
meet them was published in pamphlet form' 
by order of councils. He also devised a 
plan for the establishment in Germantown 
of colored schools in which classes were 
taught only by colored teachers, a system 
heartily supported by the colored popula- 
tion. At the time this project was advanced 
there was no available colored teacher hold- 
ing a normal school certificate, and only one 
colored student in the normal school. The 
establishment of two schools as above de- 
scribed in Germantown was the impelling 
cause of colored girls in Philadelphia rising 
above the level of servants and seeking a 
higher education. 



800 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DIOGRAPIIY 



One of his first councilmanic acts, how- 
ever, was to introduce an ordinance to 
select unimproved plots a few miles apart 
all over the city, to hold them until enough 
of their area has been sold at advanced 
prices to pay for their improvement as 
parks. This and other plans being pro- 
nounced illegal by the city solicitor, the only 
method left was to put such plots on the 
park plan, as were not likely to be placed on 
the market for a number of years, thus 
allowing the city to acquire them gradually 
as finances permitted. P)artram Garden, 
the first inspiring thought in the movement, 
was the first park taken by the city. Sten- 
ton Park, the estate of Logan, the Secretary 
of the Province under Penn, was next 
placed on the plan. Besides these were Juni- 
ata, Frankford, Waterview, Treaty Elm 
(the spot on which Penn made his cele- 
brated treaty with the Indians), John Dick- 
inson, Wharton, Miflflin, Harrowgate, Ver- 
non, Womrath, Ontario, Pleasant Hill. Fot- 
terall, Weccaco, Starr Gardens, and others. 

Next to Bartram Garden, the crowning 
success of the whole movement so largely 
due to Mr. Meehan's interest, is Vernon 
Park, a small tract of twelve acres in Ger- 
mantown, originally laid out by one of the 
Wisters and filled with trees secured by 
Meng, one of the early botanical collectors 
of this country. But next to Bartram 
Garden and Penn Treaty Park, the one he 
felt the greatest gratification in securing, 
was Weccaco, a small plot in the congested 
part of the city, to which his attention had 
been called by a poor washerwoman. It 
was to a great extent due to Mr. Meehan's 
influence in councils that there was secured 
for the Philadelphia Museums the exhibits 
at the World's Fair in Chicago, as well as 
other legislation effecting these institutions, 
whose consistent friend he ever was. From 
the time of his first election to councils Mr. 
Meehan was continuously in office, the 
Twenty-second Ward reelecting him with 
unfailing regularity. He took active part in 
the deliberations of councils until stricken 



with his last illness, attending a meeting of 
council's committee on schools on October 
3, preceding his death on November 19, 
Although seventy-five years of age, he had 
never missed a meeting of councils until two 
years prior to his death, when he was taken 
ill. Numerous honors came to Mr. Meehan 
from many sources, and all were highly ap- 
preciated, none more so than the Veitch 
Silver Medal, awarded him in his latter 
years by the trustees of the Veitch Memo- 
rial Fund of England, for "distinguished 
services in botany and horticulture," Mr. 
Meehan being the third American so hon- 
ored. 

Mr. Meehan married, in 1852, Catharine 
Colflesh, who survives him, residing in the 
old home on Chew and Phil Ellena streets, 
near Stanton Station, Germantown, one of 
her widowed daughters, Mrs. John P. Burn, 
also residing with her. Children : William 
E., formerly Fish Commissioner, appointed 
by Governor Pennypacker and reappointed 
by Governor Stuart, now superintendent of 
Fairmount Park Aquarium, Philadelphia. 
Thomas B., J. Franklin, and S. Mendelson, 
all engaged in conducting the business estab- 
lished by their father, which now occupies 
all but twenty-three acres of the original 
Germantown tract, as a retail department, 
and three hundred acres near Dreshertown, 
Pennsylvania, as a nursery farm; Sarah D., 
married Howard Lanning; and Frances G., 
married John P. Burn ; both daughters 
widowed. 



MEEHAN, William Edward, 

Scientist, Author, Xiectnrer. 

It is rarely in two succeeding generations 
of a family line that such marked similarity 
in talents, thought, desire and achievement 
is observed as in the case of Thomas Meehan 
and his son, William Edward. Both are 
known to science, and among scientists held 
and hold honorable position ; both have 
served and have placed their honors at the 
feet of their adopted and native city, Phila- 



801 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



delphia; and where their courses in life 
have deserted the parallel the cause has been 
the need and trend of the times. 

William Edward, son of Thomas and 
Catharine (Colflesh) Meehan, was born in 
Holmesburg, Pennsylvania, August 31, 
1853, the property then belonging to Caleb 
Cope, now known as "Forest Home." He 
attended private schools in Germantown and 
prepared for entrance in the University of 
Pennsylvania, but changed his plans and 
became associated in business with his 
father, becoming an expert nurseryman and 
florist. In gaining a knowledge of these 
lines he passed some time at Rochester, 
New York, Wilmington, Delaware, and 
other places, in 1876 being appointed super- 
intendent of the exhibit in the Pomological 
Hall at the Centennial Exposition in Phila- 
delphia. The following year he established 
the first wholesale cut flower business in 
Philadelphia, which prospered for some 
time, but which, because of failing health 
and a general business depression, he dis- 
continued. 

He possessed an inherent and deep-seated 
love of scientific pursuits, and at the age of 
fifteen years was an authority upon local 
ornithology, particularly the breeding habits 
of the birds of a locality. About this time 
he, Alexander Harrison, now an artist of 
note, whose brother, B. Harrison, and four 
others resident in Germantown, formed a 
boys' club under the name of the German- 
town Scientific Society, an organization that 
flourished for several years, dissolving when 
the mature years of the members called 
them to duty in different parts of the coun- 
try and substituted for youthful pleasure the 
responsibility of life work. Several of the 
members thereof afterward attained promi- 
nent place in the varied professions, some, 
inspired by the investigations and discus- 
sions held in the club, taking up scientific 
work. William E. Meehan first wrote for 
publication, when he was fourteen years of 
age, an article bearing his signature appear- 
ing in a Philadelphia weekly, and when he 



was seventeen years old he wrote a char- 
acter sketch that was accepted by the "Sat- 
urday Evening Post." He was also a fre- 
quent contributor of historical and descrip- 
tive letters to the "Philadelphia Press," 
continuing writings of this kind until he was 
about twenty-two years of age. In 1885 
Mr. Meehan abandoned all of his business 
projects and severed all of his business 
relations to devote his entire time to literary 
work, becoming a reporter, and at the same 
time writing short stories for weekly maga- 
zines. In 1887 he accepted a position on 
the reportorial staff of the "Public Ledger" 
of Philadelphia, and in the service of this 
periodical gained rapid advancement, in 
1890 becoming a member of the editorial 
staff, where as leader writer he chiefly at- 
tended to matters relating to natural science, 
public education, and some branches of 
municipal affairs. Through the editorial 
columns of "The Ledger" he was one of 
the earliest exponents of the children's play- 
ground movement, which since then has 
gained such vigor, and has made its propa- 
ganda so important a feature in the admin- 
istration of the affairs of every large city; 
and of equal pay of women with men as 
supervising principals of public schools. In 
1892 he was chosen a member of the Peary 
Relief Expedition to North Greenland, 
active as botanical collector and staff cor- 
respondent of the "Public Ledger," and, 
upon the successful return of the expedition 
three months later, it was his dispatch to 
his paper that was flashed over the country 
through the medium of the Associated 
Press. On this trip he made an unusually 
valuable collection, arranged by the latitudes 
of the country, to the Academy of Natural 
Sciences, and was the author of a paper, 
published by the Academy, on "Flora of 
Greenland," showing the effect of glaciers 
upon vegetation and the relation of the 
two. The investigations related in this 
paper confirm a theory advanced by his 
father, Thomas Meehan, after a visit to the 
Muir and other glaciers of Alaska. On his 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



return he also wrote a full account of the 
doings and experiences of the Relief Expe- 
dition, which was published in book form as 
part second of a work entitled "In Arctic 
Seas." It was soon after this that Mr. 
Meehan published in the columns of "The 
Ledger" a "History of Germantown," dating 
from the earliest settlement of Germantown 
to the Civil War, a work ranking among 
the foremost dealing with that place and 
period. 

Another of his activities begun soon after 
his return from the frozen north was the 
founding of the City History Club, a pro- 
ject he fathered at the suggestion and re- 
quest of the district superintendent of the 
board of education. As the first president 
of the club his term of office, enduring for 
several years, saw the organization well 
upon its way for successful continuance, 
and now (1914) he is honorary president. 
When the ownership of the "Public Ledger" 
changed hands, the greater part of the edi- 
torial stafl^ employed by the Drexel Estate 
was replaced, and at that time Mr. Mee- 
han's connection with "The Ledger" ceased. 
For nearly two years his only interests were 
magazine writing and lecturing, and for sev- 
eral years he held a place on the New York 
Municipal Corps. As a lecturer he met 
with popular favor, his simple familiar 
style, even when dealing with abstruse sub- 
jects, imparting knowledge to those ignorant 
of the primary facts or principles of his 
theme, and holding the interest of his entire 
audience. One of his most important en- 
gagements during his connection with news- 
paper work in Philadelphia was the deliv- 
ering of lessons on geographical and other 
topics in the public schools, illustrated by 
lantern slides. This was done at the invita- 
tion of the Board of Education, acting on 
the suggestion of Dr. Brooks, Superinten- 
dent of Education. At this time birth was 
given to the system of illustrated lessons 
conducted by teachers, which is the fore- 
runner of classes taught by moving pic- 
tures, a system already adopted in some 



schools and rapidly growing in favor be- 
cause of the highly perfected devices pat- 
ented by Edison. 

There follows the relation of his work in 
the line with which he is now connected, and 
upon which he is a reliable authority, uni- 
versally accepted, fish culture. From early 
boyhood he was an enthusiastic angler, and 
soon after becoming a reporter on "The 
Ledger" was assigned to interview Henry 
C. Ford, president of the State Fish Com- 
mission. Out of this business meeting there 
grew a warm friendship, and there was en- 
gendered in Mr. Meehan a desire for fur- 
ther knowledge in matters piscatorial, Mr. 
Ford gladly giving him instruction. Through 
the influence of the latter gentleman he 
was permitted to visit and to closely ex- 
amine the three State Hatcheries, and, be- 
coming acquainted with the superintendents, 
was a frequent visitor, the heads of the 
hatcheries gladly assisting nim in his early 
studies. In 1891, having in the meantime 
acquired a wide and comprehensive knowl- 
edge of the subject and having come mto 
the possession of accurate data relating 
thereto, at the request of Mr. Ford he wrote 
an historical article entitled "Fish, Fishing, 
and Fisheries of Pennsylvania," which was 
printed in pamphlet form and distributed 
by the State at the Columbian Exposition 
at Chicago. So exhaustively and com- 
pletely was the subject covered that the 
pamphlet attracted interest throughout the 
breadth of the country, and was gfiven 
lengthy and commendatory reviews by the 
leading nev/spapers and journals. Soon 
after its publication, Henry C. Ford, who 
first introduced Mr. Meehan to the work 
in which he has performed service of such 
signal excellence, died, in the year that the 
State Fish Commission appointed Mr. Mee- 
han assistant secretary and statistician, 
giving him the superintendency of all the 
hatcheries of the State. In this position he 
demonstrated such thorough familiarity 
with all departments of the work and all 
of the affairs of the commission, that he 



803 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was appointed to membership on the com- 
mission by Governor William A. Stone, 
being reappointed by Governor Samuel W. 
Pennypacker. In January, 1903, the State 
Legislature abolished the State Fish Com- 
mission and created in its stead the Depart- 
ment of Fisheries, Governor Pennypacker 
appointed Mr. Meehan head of the depart- 
ment. He was reappointed by Governor 
Stuart, and served for three months vmder 
the administration of Governor Tener, 
when he resigned. While Mr. Meehan was 
head of the Department of Fisheries, Penn- 
sylvania ranked, with Massachusetts, New 
York, and Michigan, next to the National 
Government in the volume of work con- 
ducted by the State in fish culture, and the 
annual number of fish sent from the hatch- 
eries was far in advance of that of any 
other State, being one-third of that to the 
credit of the National Fisheries. Among 
the important works conducted by Pennsyl- 
vania were the introduction of frogs as a 
food product, and the successful propaga- 
tion of the black bass and the fresh water 
terrapin. Through his connection with this 
department and his well known part in all 
of its work, Mr. Meehan became a cele- 
brated authority of international fame. 
Since November 24, 191 1, Mr. Meehan has 
been director of the Philadelphia Aquarium, 
by appointment of Mayor John A. Reyburn. 
This institution, provided for by ordinance 
of the city council, was first placed in temp- 
orary cjuarters, and in April, 1912, was in- 
stalled in Fairmount Park, and Mr. Meehan 
is there its present head, his title (1914) 
being that of superintendent. He is one of 
the leading members of the American Fish- 
eries Society, holding a life membership, 
was president of the same in 191 1, presiding 
over its meeting at St. Louis, Missouri, 
vice-president in 1910 at New York, and 
for four consecutive years was chairman 
of the executive committee, during this time 
contributing numerous papers on fish cul- 
ture to the society. He is also a life mem- 
ber of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 



charter member and for several years cor- 
responding secretary of the United Sports- 
men of Pennsylvania, active member and 
for one term president of the North Amer- 
ican Fish and Game Protective Associa- 
tion, an organization of sportsmen and fish- 
ermen of the United States and Canada, a 
member of the Pennsylvania State Game 
and Fish Protective Association, and honor- 
ary member of local fishing protective asso- 
ciations throughout the State. He likewise 
holds membership in various civic and 
social societies — the City Park Association, 
and was for one year a member of the board 
of directors of the Children's Protective 
League. In 1902 he was elected to mem- 
bership on the school board of Germantown, 
succeeding a man elected to fill the place left 
vacant by the death of Thomas Meehan, 
his father, and with the exception of one 
year served continuously until 1914. As a 
member of this body he ably championed 
the cause of colored pupils in the German- 
town schools, a subject upon which Thomas 
Meehan held the most progressive and prac- 
tical views. 

Natatorial sports were a favorite form of 
recreation in his youth, and he became an 
adept and powerful swimmer, and it has 
been his good fortune in young manhood to 
have saved the lives of five people, another 
instance in which he has emulated the ex- 
ample of his parent. Walking is another 
form of exercise in which he takes great 
pleasure, and while a member of the editor- 
ial stafif of "The Ledger" he was one of the 
members of a walking club composed of 
noted newspaper men, among whom were 
Hon. Joel Cook and Addison B. Burk. This 
club was formed under the name of the 
Monks of the Meerschaum, and its expedi- 
tions were indeed merry occasions. A de- 
scription of each outing was written and 
the whole afterward published in book 
form, entitled "Saturday Jaunts," about 
one-third of the articles being of Mr. Mee- 
han's authorship under the name "Boni- 
facians." He recently (1913) published a 



804 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



work under the title "Fish Culture in Ponds 
and Other Inland Waters," and at the pres- 
ent time is preparing a work on sea fish and 
fishing. Those interested in angling and 
fish life and acquainted with his intention, 
eagerly await its appearance, confident that 
in it they will find a work of as high a 
standard as that which he has taught theni 
to expect from his previous publications. 

Mr. Meehan married, June 3, 1876, Linda 
Augusta Graham, of Philadelphia, and has 
two daughters: i. Catherine Louise, mar- 
ried A. Harris Insinger, of Philadelphia; 
children : Ada Meehan, Elizabeth Anna, 
Anna Shingle, William Meehan, and A. 
Harris, junior. 2. Ida Graham, married 
Warren A. Chandler, of Philadelphia, and 
has : Linda Meehan. Catherine Louise, 
and Frank A. 



PITCAIRN, John, 

Chairman of Board of Directors of Pitts- 
bnrgli Plate Glass Company. 

Who has not heard of the business that 
is the greatest of its kind in the world, and 
of the man whose far-sighted sagacity and 
administrative ability were the most in- 
fluential of the forces that called it into be- 
ing and made it what it is today? A resi- 
dent of Philadelphia and one of the fore- 
most business men of Pittsburgh, Mr. Pit- 
cairn is prominently identified with lead- 
ing interests of both cities, but neither may 
claim him exclusively, as the story of his 
activities is incorporated In the annals of 
Pennsylvania. 

John Pitcairn, Senior, father of John Pit- 
cairn, of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, was 
born in Scotland, a son of Alexander and 
Janet (Currie) Pitcairn, who passed their 
entire lives in their native land. John Pit- 
cairn, Senior, was an inventor and a noted 
mechanical expert, of Johnstone, near Pais- 
ley, Scotland. In 1845 or 1846 he emigrated 
to the United States and settled in Pitts- 
burgh, having married in Scotland, Agnes, 



daughter of Neil and Catherine (Campbell) 
McEwen. 

John (2), son of John (i) and Agnes 
(McEwen) Pitcairn, was born January 10, 
1 84 1, in Johnstone, near Paisley, Scotland, 
and at five years of age was brought by his 
parents to the United States. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of the First 
Ward of Allegheny City. John Kelly was 
his teacher and principal, and among his 
schoolmates were Henry W. Oliver and 
Henry Phipps. On his fourteenth birth- 
day John Pitcairn left school and began his 
business career in the office of the superin- 
tendent of the Pennsylvania railroad, at Al- 
toona, where he remained between two and 
three years. He then returned to Pitts- 
burgh and attended school for six months, 
after which he went to Fort Wayne, In- 
diana, where his brother Robert was assist- 
ant to the superintendent of the Pittsburgh, 
Fort Wayne & Chicago railroad. John was 
employed in the office, and when Robert 
went to Altoona as superintendent of the 
Middle Division of the Pennsylvania rail- 
road, the youngvir brother succeeded to the 
position of assistant to the superintendent 
at Fort Wayne, acting also in the capacity 
of train despatcher. He left Fort Wayne 
to go to Philadelphia, as assistant to the 
superintendent of the Philadelphia Division 
of the Pennsylvania railroad, and remained 
there until the close of the Civil War. 
While he held this position, he became one 
of the actors in an event of national im- 
portance. 

The patriotism displayed throughout the 
Civil War by the management and employes 
of the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Balti- 
more Railroad Company (now a part of the 
great Pennsylvania railroad system) and 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, is 
known to everyone familiar with the history 
of that momentous period. Confronted by 
aggressive disloyalty throughout the south- 
em part of their territory, the officials of 
these railroads stood firm in behalf of the 



805 



ExNCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Union and rendered invaluable assistance. 
Perhaps the first occasion on which their re- 
sources and loyalty were put to the test 
was when they conveyed President-elect 
Lincoln in his special car from Harrisburg 
to Philadelphia, on his way to Washington. 
To be selected to take part in this service 
was the greatest honor the company could 
bestow, and among those chosen was the 
young assistant to the superintendent, John 
Pitcairn, to whom was given the great re- 
sponsibility of taking charge of the train 
from Harrisburg to Philadelphia. Several 
of the States already had seceded and ru- 
mors were rife, not only that a conspiracy 
to destroy the Philadelphia, Wilmington 
& Baltimore railroad was on foot, but that 
there was a plot for the assassination of Mr. 
Lincoln. The services of Allan Pinkerton, 
the famous detective, were engaged, and 
every arrangement was made to insure a 
safe journey for the illustrious passenger. 
About six o'clock on the evening of Feb- 
ruary 22, 1861, Mr. Lincoln left the Jones 
House, Harrisburg, with Colonel Lamon, 
Enoch Lewis and G. C. Franciscus, and 
was driven down Second street, past the 
executive mansion, which then was on the 
north side of that street, immediately south 
of Chestnut, to where the Pennsylvania 
railroad crossed the street. There an engine 
and car, in charge of John Pitcairn, were 
waiting. Mr. Lincoln and Colonel Lamon 
boarded the car and the train started. On 
the train were Enoch Lewis, G. C. Francis- 
cus, T. E. Garrett, general baggage agent of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and 
John Pitcairn, then a youth of twenty, on 
whom rested for the time being the heaviest 
responsibility. A clear track had been ar- 
ranged for, and shortly after ten o'clock 
the train arrived at West Philadelphia, 
where it was met by Allan Pinkerton and 
H. F. Kenney. Mr. Lincoln's party of 
four was driven to the Philadelphia, Wil- 
mington & Baltimore station, and the re- 
mainder of the journey was made without 
mishap. The "Great Emancipator" reached 



Washington about six o'clock the next 
morning, and one of those who had insured 
his safe arrival was the young train de- 
spatcher, John Pitcairn. 

When the Confederates invaded Pennsyl- 
vania, Colonel Thomas A. Scott, then As- 
sistant Secretary of War, sent Robert and 
John Pitcairn to Chambersburg to take 
charge of the train service, which at that 
time had been taken over by the govern- 
ment. After the battle of Antietam, John 
returned to Philadelphia. His appointment 
to this second signal act of loyal service 
proved the high estimation in which he was 
held by his superiors, — additionally proved 
it, we should say, as nothing could exceed 
the confidence shown by his appointment of 
two years before. 

After the close of the Civil War, Mr. Pit- 
cairn went to Harrisburg, as assistant super- 
intendent of the Middle Division of the 
Pennsylvania railroad, and a year later he 
was transferred to Renovo, as superintend- 
ent of the Middle Division of the Philadel- 
phia & Erie railroad. On July i, 1869, he 
went to Corey, as general manager of the 
Oil Creek & Allegheny River railroad, re- 
maining until September 15, 1872, when he 
resigned, after an eventful and honorable 
career. 

While still in the railroad service, Mr. 
Pitcairn had given evidence of the versatil- 
ity of his talents by successfully engaging 
in business. In 1871 he constructed the 
Imperial Refinery, at Oil City, Pennsyl- 
vania, and he was at one time a member of 
the firm of Vandergrift, Forman & Com- 
pany, which afterward became Vandergrift, 
Pitcairn & Company. While associated 
with the firm of H. L. Taylor & Company, 
then the largest producers of oil in America, 
he engaged in the three branches of oil prcn 
ducing, oil refining and pipe line transpor- 
tation of oil. Mr. Pitcairn, with Mr. Van- 
dergrift, built and controlled the first nat- 
ural gas pipe line for the utilization of 
natural gas for factory and manufacturing 
purposes. This line was built at the lower 



806 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



end of Butler county, and carried gas to Fords and was elected president of the 



Pittsburgh, supplying the steel firms of 
Spang, Chalfant & Company, and Graff, 
Bennett & Company, with the first natural 
gas used in manufacturing. Both of these 
firms had an interest with Mr. Pitcairn and 
his partner in this pipe line. The Natural 
Gas Company, Limited, was controlled by 
Mr. Pitcairn and Mr. Vandergrift. 

In 1882 or 1883, Mr. Pitcairn was con- 
sulted in regard to piping gas to a glass fact- 
ory to be built at Creighton, Pennsylvania, 
and it was he who first discerned the possi- 
bilities of plate glass manufacture. In as- 
sociation with Captain John B. Ford and 
his two sons, Edward and Emory L. Ford, 
Mr. Pitcairn organized the Pittsburgh Plate 
Glass Company, in 1883, with a capital of 
$600,000. The first organization was as 
follows: Edward Ford, president; Albert 
E. Hughes, vice-president ; James H. 
Shields, secretary; and John F. Scott, treas- 
urer. The directors were : John Pitcairn, 
Edward Ford, Albert E. Hughes, John F. 
Scott and Emory L. Ford. Since 1895, Mr. 
Pitcairn has been chairman of the board of 
directors of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass 
Company. 

The company's first factory was built at 
Creighton, and not long after its comple- 
tion another factory was erected at Taren- 
tum, Pennsylvania. Five years later two 
factories were built at Ford City, Pennsyl- 
vania. Mr. Pitcairn was represented at 
Creighton by his cousin, Artemas Pitcairn, 
who had been associated with him in the 
United Pipe Line Company. The capital 
stock was increased at various times, until 
it reached $2,750,000. In 1895, the com- 
pany bought five more factories — one in 
Missouri, two in Indiana, and two in Penn- 
sylvania, and increased its capital to $10,- 
000,000. The board of directors at that 
time was composed of John Pitcairn, chair- 
man ; Edward Ford, Emory L. Ford, Ethan 
Allen Hitchcock, A. U. Howard, A. L. 
Conger and George W. Crouse. In 1897, 
Mr. Pitcairn purchased the interests of the 



corporation. He resigned that office in 
1905, and was succeeded by W. L. Clause. 
The board then was as follows : John Pit- 
cairn, chairman; Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 
W. L. Clause, Charies W. Brown, W. W. 
Heroy, W. D. Hartupee and Clarence M. 
Brown. The present board of directors 
consists of John Pitcairn, chairman; W. L. 
Clause, Charles W. Brown, W. W. Heroy, 
E. B. Raymond, Clarence M. Brown and 
Edward Pitcairn. 

The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company has 
twenty-eight warehouses, located in various 
. cities of the United States. Every ware- 
house carries stocks of rough and polished 
plate glass, plain and beveled mirrors, and 
bent glass, also a full line of paints, varn- 
ishes, brushes and painters' supplies. In 
all of these lines the company is the largest 
jobber in the world. The warehouses also 
maintain retail stores for the sale of glass 
and paints, and many of the branches oper- 
ate plants for the manufacture of mirrors, 
thus offering an advantage to the furniture 
manufacturer. A number of the ware- 
houses maintain plants for the manufacture 
of art glass. The company employs com- 
petent artists for this purpose, and furnishes 
special designs for churches, auditoriums 
and residences. When its first plant was 
in full operation, the company employed 
about five hundred men; it now employs 
about seven thousand. The present capital- 
ization is $22,750,000. 

The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company is 
not confined to the United States. About 
1902 it purchased the Courcelles plate glass 
factory, in Belgium, made extensive addi- 
tions to the building and equipment, and 
reorganized the Courcelles Plate Glass 
Company. The product of this factory is 
sold in all parts of the world. 

This colossal concern has completely rev- 
olutionized the method of manufacturing 
plate glass, and other manufacturers 
throughout the world have followed and 
profited by its example. Between 1900 and 



807 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1904, after spending over a million dollars 
in experimenting, the company developed 
the lehr annealing process, which more than 
any other factor has helped to revolutionize 
the manufacture of plate glass, and this 
process since has been adopted by all other 
manufacturers engaged in this industry. In 
all its transactions the Pittsburgh Plate 
Glass Company always has been above 
suspicion. The voice of criticism never has 
been lifted against it. The capital stock has 
represented real values, and the watch- 
word of the company has been "Success 
with Honor." This magnificent organiza- 
tion is indeed a monument to the genius of 
John Pitcairn. 

Seldom does a man so active and suc- 
cessful as Mr. Pitcairn take the keen and 
helpful interest in civic affairs which he 
always has manifested. A Republican in 
politics, he has been too busy to take an 
active part in public affairs or to become a 
candidate for office, but he frequently is 
consulted in regard to matters of municipal 
importance and his penetrating thought 
often has been of benefit to public move- 
ments. 

The interests which claim Mr. Pitcairn's 
attention are many and varied, and to each 
he gives careful consideration, allowing 
none to suffer for want of close and able 
thought and unwearied assiduity. He is 
president and director of the C. H. Wheeler 
Manufacturing Company, the Loyal Hanna 
Coal and Coke Company, and the Pitts- 
burgh Valve and Fittings Company, and a 
director of the Central National Bank of 
Philadelphia, the Columbia Chemical Com- 
pany, the Michigan Chemical Company, the 
Natural Gas Company of West Virginia 
and the Owosso Sugar Company. While 
not a club man as that term generally is 
understood, he holds membership in a num- 
ber of social organizations, including the 
Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh, the Union 
League and the Art Club of Philadelphia. 

A profound thinker and deeply interested 
in religious subjects, Mr. Pitcairn is a be- 



liever in the doctrines of Emmanuel 
Sweenborg. He is a member of the General 
Church of the New Jerusalem, and chair- 
man of the corporation of the General 
Church of the New Jerusalem of the United 
States, an organization having complete 
jurisdiction over the civil affairs of the 
Church, as distinguished from matters ec- 
clesiastical. The Academy of the New 
Church, at Bryn Athyn, Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, was endowed by Mr. 
Pitcairn, who was one of the founders of 
the institution and always has been identi- 
fied with its progress. Mr. Pitcairn is 
earnestly and actively interested in the work 
and well-being of the Swedenborgian church 
and, as one of its foremost laymen, has ac- 
complished more in its behalf than perhaps 
any other man in the United States. 

As president of the Anti- Vaccination 
League of America, Mr. Pitcairn is prom- 
inently identified with that cause. He wrote 
an article on "The Fallacy of Vaccination," 
which appeared in "The Ladies' Home 
Journal" for May, 1910, and later was pub- 
lished in pamphlet form. 

The personality of Mr. Pitcairn is that 
of a man fully equal to the discharge of the 
strenuous duties devolving upon him and 
to the fulfillment of the grave responsibili- 
ties connected with the positions he holds. 
Those who are familiar with his fine ap- 
pearance cannot have failed to observe how 
well it illustrates his character. The high- 
bred face, with sensitive, patrician features, 
accentuated by white hair, moustache and 
goatee, the keen, kindly eyes that look one 
straight in the face, the square jaw and firm 
chin, so indicative of decision,— all bespeak 
a nature of quiet iritensity, a born leader of 
men. He has the indefinable, unmistakable 
gift of "presence," conveying the impression 
of a dominating magnetic personality. His 
manner is at once dignified and gracious, 
and his countenance, though resolute, indi- 
cates a genial disposition. In listening to 
the deep, flexible tones of his well mod- 
ulated voice, one instantly becomes aware 



808 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



that the speaker is a man of purpose. His 
capacity for friendship is in proportion to 
his other capabilities and explains the 
loyalty and affection which he inspires in 
both associates and subordinates. 

On January 8, 1884, Mr. Pitcairn mar- 
ried Gertrude Starkey, a daughter of Dr. 
George R. and Caira (Skelton) Starkey. Of 
the six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Pit- 
cairn, two died in infancy, and a daughter, 
Vera, died in 1910. The surviving children 
are : Raymond, a lawyer of Philadelphia ; 
Theodore, a student at the University of 
Pennsylvania; and Harold F., a pupil at 
the Academy of the New Church. Mrs. 
Pitcairn, who died in 1898, was a woman of 
fine fibre and delicate culture, full of grace 
and self-possession, to which was added the 
charm of domesticity. She was in all re- 
spects fitted to be the helpmate of her gifted 
husband. 

Combined with a social temperament, Mr. 
Pitcairn possesses domestic affections of un- 
common strength, and always after an ab- 
sence rejoices to find himself once more 
at home. He has traveled extensively and 
has a wide acquaintance among the promi- 
nent men of the last half century. 

Mr. Pitcairn is a native of a land whose 
sons have been leaders in the creation of the 
greatness of Pittsburgh and the develop- 
ment of Western Pennsylvania, and among 
them he occupies a foremost place. By the 
exercise of the qualities which made his 
race dominant in the Old World, he has 
carved out his fortune in the New, which 
he has made his debtor. As railroad official, 
manufacturer and man of affairs, his record 
is that of a patriot and a public-spirited cit- 
izen, and the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania holds his name in gratitude and honor. 



CHESS, Harvey B., 

Prominent Mannfactnrer. 

Masterful and impressive figures were 
the oldtime manufacturers of the Iron City. 
Practical thinkers were they, winning their 



supremacy by superior brain-power — men 
of the type of the late Harvey B. Chess, 
vice-president of the Consolidated Ex- 
panded Metal Company, and at the time of 
his death the oldest manufacturer of nails 
and tacks in Western Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Chess was a life-long resident of Pitts- 
burgh, and was closely identified with every 
movement and interest essential to the wel- 
fare of his native city. Harvey B. Chess 
was born July loth, 1843, i" the South Side, 
Pittsburgh, and was a son of David and 
Dorothea (McGeary) Chess, the former, 
in his day, a well known nail and tack 
maker. At the time of the outbreak of the 
Civil War, Harvey B. Chess was a student 
at the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
now the University of Pittsburgh, but, like 
so many patriotic youths of that heroic gen- 
eration, he abandoned the class-room for the 
camp and relinquished his books in order 
that he might do his part on the battlefield. 
Enlisting in Young's Battery, he served 
until the close of the war, when he received 
an honorable discharge. 

On his return to his native city, Mr. Chess 
became associated in business with his 
father, and speedily developed rare if not 
distinctive executive ability, becoming noted 
for his aptitude in grappling with details 
and for his accurate and keen perception 
and judgment. Upon the death of his 
father, in 1877, Mr. Chess became a partner 
in the business with his brothers, Henry and 
Walter Chess. In addition to the qualifica- 
tions of a successful business man, Harvey 
B. Chess possessed inventive genius, devot- 
ing more than forty years to the study and 
designing of special machinery for his own 
lines of manufacture, thus becoming a 
machine designer and engineer of national 
reputation. It was mainly owing to his 
exceptional abilities that the scope of the 
business so greatly enlarged that the con- 
cern became in the course of time the Con- 
solidated Expanded Metal Company, with 
its plant in Braddock. Until his retirement 
in 1907, Mr. Chess filled most ably the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



office of vice-president of this widely known 
and prosperous organization. 

Throughout the business career of this 
gifted man, capable management, unfalter- 
ing enterprise and a spirit of justice were 
well balanced factors, and while every de- 
partment was carefully systematized in 
order to avoid all needless expenditure of 
time, material and labor, never did he fall 
into the grave error of regarding his em- 
ployes merely as parts of a great machine. 
On the contrary he recognized their in- 
dividuality, making it a rule that faithful 
and efficient service should be promptly re- 
warded with promotion as opportunity of- 
fered. 

In all concerns relative to the welfare of 
Pittsburgh Mr. Chess constantly manifested 
a deep and sincere interest, and wherever 
substantial aid would further public pro- 
gress it was freely given. No good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
appealed to him in vain, and in his work 
of this character he brought to bear the 
same discrimination and thoroughness that 
were manifest in his business life. A vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, holding sound opinions and tak- 
ing liberal views, his ideas carried weight 
among those with whom he discussed public 
problems. He was an honorary member of 
the Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania, and an active member of the Third 
Presbyterian Church in the work of which 
he took a keen and generous interest. 

No one could meet Mr. Chess without 
having the highest appreciation for his sterl- 
ing qualities of manhood or without being 
attracted by his genial nature which rec- 
ognized most heartily the good in others. 
His countenance was an index to his char- 
acter, showing him. to be pre-eminently a 
man to lean upon — a man upon whom men 
leaned. Rugged honesty and rock-ribbed 
integrity were structural qualities which 
constituted the cornerstone of the fabric 
of his fortune. Self-reliant, buoyant in dis- 



position, strictly upright in all his transac- 
tions, he compelled the unquestioning con- 
fidence of men of affairs and won and held 
the devoted attachment of a large circle of 
friends. 

Mr. Chess married, April 27th, 1882, 
Annie, daughter of James and Carolina 
(Stowe) Boles. They had two sons, Har- 
vey B. and Phillip Sheridan Chess. Mr. 
Harvey B. Chess (2d) is president and 
treasurer of the ConsoHdated Expanded 
Metal Companies ; he married December 27, 
1907, Blanche E., daughter of William E. 
and Mary (Spencer) Leard, of New Brigh- 
ton, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Leard was of 
Birmingham, England. They have one 
child, Harvey B. Chess (3d). Phillip Sheri- 
dan Chess is associated with his brother in 
business. 

Mrs. Chess, a woman of rare wifely qual- 
ities and admirably fitted by her excellent 
practical mind to be a helpmate to her hus- 
band in his aspirations and ambitions, was 
withal an accomplished home-maker, ever 
causing him to find, at his own fireside, a 
refuge from the storm and stress of the 
business arena. Mr. Chess was devoted to 
the ties of family and friendship, regarding 
them as sacred obligations, and his beauti- 
ful home in the East End was a centre of 
gracious and refined hospitality. 

The death of Mr. Chess, which occurred 
August 10, 1913, removed from Pittsburgh 
a manufacturer of the highest qualities, and 
a citizen who throughout a long and useful 
life had labored unceasingly for the ad- 
vancement of her best interests. A man of 
valiant fidelity, he fulfilled to the letter every 
trust committed to him and was generous in 
his feelings and conduct toward all. 

Harvey B. Chess was a man of original 
genius, aggressive methods, far-sighted 
sagacity and stainless character. It is such 
men that Pittsburgh needs — it is men of this 
type that are needed by the country at large. 
They are the men who build up great cities 
and mighty nations. 



810 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WETHERILL, William H., 

Iieading Manufacturer, Prominent Citizen. 

The history of the Wetherill family, of 
Philadelphia, is one of deep interest both 
from the commercial prominence of the 
family and the peculiar historical associa- 
tions connected with the name. Originally 
members of the Society of Friends, Samuel 
Wetherill, of the fourth generation, dis- 
played such activity and patriotic ardor 
for the cause of independence that the 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of the 
Friends saw in his conduct sufficient devia- 
tion from their "Ancient Testimony and 
Peaceable Principles" that he was disowned 
by them in August, 1779. This did not 
seem to dampen his ardor, for he continued 
his patriotic work, and was the prime mover 
in the movement that resulted in the organ- 
ization of "The Religious Society of 
Friends," better known as "Free Quakers." 
Samuel Wetherill was the first clerk and 
preacher, three successive generations of his 
family having also held the office of clerk. 
The old patriot who would not hide his pref- 
erences under the sombre garb, was not only 
strong in his patriotism and in his religious 
fervor, but was a leader in the commercial 
world ; was one of the promoters and man- 
agers of the "United Company of Philadel- 
phia, for the Establishment of American In- 
dustries," a society called into existence by 
the imposition of the "Stamp Act." He 
established a plant on his home lot on South 
alley, between Fifth and Sixth streets, 
where he wove, fulled and dyed cloths. 
When dyes could not be obtained without 
great cost, he established a chemical labora- 
tory for their manufacture, this being the 
foundation of the immense chemical and 
drug business that yet exists in the family 
name. He supplied well woven cloth to the 
Continental Congress from which soldiers' 
uniforms were made, and after peace was 
declared engaged in the drug business on 
Front above Arch streets, under the name 
of Samuel Wetherill & Son, his son Samuel 



being his partner. "Wetherill's Drug 
Store" was long an ancient landmark, and 
their sons and grandsons were graduated 
and sent forth as manufacturing chemists. 
Samuel Wetherill & Son were the founders 
of white lead manufacturing in the United 
States, establishing a plant in Philadelphia 
in 1804, then abandoned te.xtile manufactur- 
ing, and ever afterward were manufacturers 
of drugs, chemicals and paints. This great 
business is now conducted by descendants 
of Samuel, the founder, and under the pres- 
ent name of Wetherill & Brother has 
reached vast proportions. Probably no 
business in the city has existed so long 
(1762-1914) under one family ownership 
and name. So Samuel Wetherill, the 
Quaker patriot, who suffered for his 
zeal, deserves well of those who venerate 
patriotism, for the hardest battles are not 
fought on the firing line, but down in one's 
soul and when the old patriot faced ostra- 
cism and disgrace from the hands of his 
brethren he displayed a courage that de- 
serves to be commemorated in enduring 
marble. 

The Wetherills trace an English ancestry 
to the eleventh century. Burke's "Landed 
Gentry" refers to the Wetherell family as 
long seated in the county of Durham and 
the North Riding of Yorkshire, and de- 
scribes the arms borne by family as "Argent 
two lions passant, guardant, sable on a chief 
indented of the last three covered cups or." 
This same coat-of-arms was brought to 
New Jersey by Christopher Wetherill in 
1683, and is used by his descendants. 

The history of the family begins in Amer- 
ica with Christopher Wetherill, who came 
in 1683, settling in New Jersey, at Burling- 
ton, there owned a large land estate, was 
member of the Proprietary Council of the 
Province, 1706-07, filling other official posi- 
tions, including that of sheriff of Burlington 
county in 1700. The line of descent to 
William H. Wetherill, of Philadelphia, is 
through Thomas, eldest son of Christopher 
and his wife, Mary Hornby, who died in 



811 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



England in i6So, the mother of four chil- 
dren. Christopher had no issue by his two 
American wives. 

Thomas Wetherill, born in York county, 
England, November 3, 1674, died in New 
Jersey, in 1749. He inherited the greater 
part of his father's lands in New Jersey, and 
was a wealthy land owner of the province, 
to which he came in 1683. He married 
Anne Fearon, June 22, 1703, "late of Eng- 
land, now of Burlington county," daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Fearon of Great 
Broughton, Cumberland county, England. 
Both Thomas and his father, Christopher, 
were prominent Friends. 

Christopher (2), eldest son of Thomas 
and Anne (Fearon) Wetherill, was born 
in Burlington county. New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 26, 171 1, died there in April, 1786. 
He inherited a large part of the lands de- 
scending from his father and grandfather 
in Burlington, Hunterdon, Morris and Es- 
sex counties. New Jersey, devising them at 
his death to his children, most of whom had 
moved to Philadelphia. He married, in 
1735, Mary, daughter of Judge John Stock- 
ton, of the Common Pleas Court of Somer- 
set county, New Jersey, and a sister of 
Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence from New Jersey. 
She was a granddaughter of Richard Stock- 
ton from Cheshire, England, one of the 
early settlers of Princeton, New Jersey, 
and a great-granddaughter of Richard 
Stockton of Malapas, Cheshire, England, 
baptized 1606. 

Samuel, eldest son of Christopher (2) 
and Mary (Stockton) Wetherill, was bom 
in Burlington, New Jersey, April 12, 1736, 
died in Philadelphia, September 24, 1816. 
As noted previously he became a Philadel- 
phian of great public spirit, taking the liv- 
liest interest in public affairs. His con- 
nection with textile manufacturing and the 
establishment of a drug store and chemical 
plant has been narrated, also his early con- 
nection with the "Free Quakers" after his 
disownment by the Society of Friends for 



his patriotic ardor. The meetings of the 
"Free Quakers" were held at his house fre- 
quently until the erection of a meeting house 
at the southwest corner of Fifth and Arch 
streets, still standing. The subscription 
fund for this church was contributed to by 
Washington, Franklin and many others. A 
lot was also granted them by the State of 
Pennsylvania on the east side of Fifth 
street, below Pine. Samuel Wetherill con- 
tinued to preach after he became so feeble 
at eighty years of age that he was carried 
from his carriage to the church in a chair. 
He was a member of the Philadelphia Com- 
mon Council, chairman of the Yellow Fever 
Committee of that body in 1793, and was 
one of the most active members of the water 
committee. Samuel Wetherill married, 
April 5, 1762, at Philadelphia Monthly 
Meeting, Sarah Yarnall, born August 27, 
1734, died July 27, 1816, daughter of Mor- 
decai Yarnall, an eminent minister of the 
Society of Friends and granddaughter of 
Francis Yarnall, a member of the Colonial 
Assembly in 171 1. 

Samuel (2), eldest son of Samuel and 
Sarah (Yarnall) Wetherill, was born in 
Philadelphia, April 27, 1764, died there Sep- 
tember 29, 1829. He was his father's busi- 
ness associate from youth, became a partner 
with him as Wetherill & Son in the drug 
and chemical business on Front street, and 
later in the white lead and paint establish- 
ment on Twelfth street, in which later his 
own sons and grandsons became partners. 
He was a member of the Philadelphia Com- 
mon Council, as was his father, and later 
his son also became a member. He succeeded 
his father as clerk of the Society of Free 
Quakers, serving until his death. He mar- 
ried, April 24, 1788, Rachel Price, born 
January 28, 1766, died February 9, 1844, 
daughter of John Price, of Reading, Penn- 
sylvania, and his wife, Rebecca, daughter of 
General Jacob Morgan, of Morgantown, 
Pennsylvania. 

Dr. William Wetherill, son of Samuel 
(2) and Rachel (Pnce) Wetherill, was bom 



812 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Philadelphia, January 21, 1804, and died 
at his summer home "Fatland," on the 
Schuylkill river, April 28, 1872. He grad- 
uated from the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania and from the 
College of Pharmacy, but did not practice 
medicine in Philadelphia ; was a partner 
with his brother, John Price Wetherill, in 
the Wetherill & Brother White Lead 
Works. He later took up his residence 
at the old family home, "Fatland," part of 
a large tract purchased by his father near 
the junction of Perkiomen creek with the 
Schuylkill river, originally containing 1,400 
acres, and known as "Mill Grove on the 
Perkiomen." A portion of the estate had 
been sold out of the family, and was the 
home of John James Audubon, the famous 
ornithologist, for many years. Later it was 
repurchased by William H., its present 
owner, son of Dr. William Wetherill, and 
in his family summer home. 

Dr. Wetherill married, July 6, 1825, Isa- 
bella Macomb, born February 22, 1807, died 
December 25, 1871, daughter of John Wil- 
liam and Isabella (Ramsay) Macomb, 
granddaughter of William and Sarah Jane 
(Dring) Macomb, and cousin of Brigadier- 
General Alexander Macomb, the hero of 
Plattsburg, 1814, and commander-in-chief 
of the United States army at the time of 
his death in 1841. Dr. Wetherill and wife 
were the parents of a large and dis- 
tinguished family, eminent in the profes- 
sions, war and commercial life. 

William H., son of Dr. William and Isa- 
bella (Macomb) Wetherill, was born Jan- 
uary 20, 1838. He was educated in Phila- 
delphia schools, and early in youthful man- 
hood entered mercantile life with Samuel 
and William Welsh, well-known Philadel- 
pliia merchants and importers. After 
nearly ten years experience with that firm 
he established in business in Boston, Mass- 
achusetts, continuing there in successful 
operation until 1872, when the death of his 
honored father compelled a rearrangement 
of his plans. He returned to Philadelphia 



and at once took his father's place in the 
Wetherill & Brother White Lead Works, 
being of the fourth generation to own and 
operate this important Philadelphia in- 
dustry, known since 1831 as Wetherill 
& Brother, as successors of Samuel Weth- 
erill & Sons. The connection begun in 1872, 
}et exists, William H. Wetherill being the 
official head of the firm, being now ably 
seconded by his capable sons of the fifth 
generation — Abel Proctor and Webster 
King. 

During the Civil War, Mr. Wetherill 
enlisted and drilled with the Philadelphia 
Home Guards, attached to one of the Penn- 
sylvania "Emergency" regiments, was ser- 
geant of Captain Charles S. Smith's com- 
pany, went to the front, and was at the 
battle of Antietam. 

Mr. \\'etheriirs connection with church 
and philanthropic societies of Philadelphia 
has been long, continuous and valuable. 
For about thirty-five years he has been 
clerk of the Society of Free Quakers, suc- 
ceeding his cousin, John Price Wetherill, 
and is of the fifth generation of his family 
to so serve the Society founded largely 
through the efforts of Samuel (i) Wetherill 
prior to 1780. He is a member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church, and has been 
especially interested and generous to St. 
Mary's Church, Locust, above Thirty-ninth 
street. In 1907 he caused to be erected a 
beautiful stone tower on that church, its 
graceful proportions terminating no feet 
above its base. This was in memory of his 
old friend, Harry Flickwir West, as is 
shown on a tablet placed in the room be- 
neath : "To the glory of God, in loving 
memory of Harry Flickwir West, who died 
January 3, 1906, this spire is erected by his 
life long friend, William H. Wetherill." 
On October 20, 1907, the tower was dedi- 
cated with most impressive ceremony, and 
stands a memorial to friendship and gen- 
erosity. The original plan called for a set 
of chimes, but the intent of the donor was 
prevented by the desire of the vestry to re- 



813 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tain the old bell cast by J. Wiltbank in 1838, 
the sound of which is so familiar to the resi- 
dents of the neighborhood, and for which the 
parish has an efifectionate attachment. The 
tower memorial windows to the sisters of 
Mr. West are also the gift of Mr. Wetherill. 

His military record has gained him mem- 
bership in George G. Meade Post No. i, 
Grand Army of the Republic; his political 
faith, to the Union League, of Philadelphia. 
He delights in the glories of his country's 
past, and holds membership in many asso- 
ciations historical and educational. These 
include the Pilgrims' Society of Massachu- 
setts; Historical Society of Pennsylvania; 
Historical Society of Montgomery County ; 
Apprentices Library Association ; Pennsyl- 
vania Forestry Association ; Philadelphia 
Skating Club, and Humane Society, and 
other local societies, charitable and scientific. 
He is a life member of the House of Refuge 
Association and of the Zoological Gardens 
Association ; Philadelphia Paint Club, 
Philadelphia Board of Trade, Jordan 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, Pea- 
body, Massachusetts ; and Washington 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, the latter 
body located in Salem, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Wetherill married, October 4, 1865, 
Elisabeth Putnam, born May 27, 1842, 
daughter of Abel and Lydia (Emerson) 
Proctor, of Massachusetts ; children : Alice 
Putnam, deceased ; Edgar Macomb, de- 
ceased; Henry Emerson, M. D., graduate 
of the Medical Department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, now practicing his 
profession in Philadelphia; Herbert John- 
son, married Mary Rowe Dunn, and re- 
sides in Philadelphia ; Abel Proctor, asso- 
ciated with the firm of Wetherill & Brother, 
married Sarah Reeve Mullen ; Webster 
King, associated with his father and brother 
in Wetherill & Brother, married Georgine 
Vaux Cresson ; Francis Macomb, a clergy- 
man of the Protestant Episcopal church. 
Mrs. Elisabeth Putnam Wetherill deceased 
February 5, 1914. 

The summer residence of the family is 



the old "Audubon Home," a part of the 
tract owned by Samuel Wetherill, "Mill 
Grove Farm," on the banks of the Perkio- 
men, purchased in 1813. Since its purchase 
by William H. Wetherill many years ago, 
it has been greatly beautified, and is a most 
beautiful commodious country residence, 
and visited by members of Audubon so- 
cieties and others from all parts of the 
country, the latchstring hanging out at all 
seasons of the year to any lover of Audubon 
ornithology, and those who wish to enjoy 
the view from the piazza, which Bayard 
Taylor, the historian and traveler, claimed 
was the most beautiful view along the beau- 
tiful Schuylkill river. 



BENHAM, Silas Nelson, 

Physician, Surgeon, Public Spirited Citizen. 

The standing of the medical profession in 
Pittsburgh has ever been of the highest, and 
among those of its members who during the 
latter half of the nineteenth century most 
signally aided in the maintenance and in- 
crease of its prestige was the late Dr. 
Silas Nelson Benham, conspicuous alike as 
a skillful practitioner and a learned consult- 
ant. For a quarter of a century Dr. Ben- 
ham was a resident of Pittsburgh, and both 
as a physician and a man occupied a place 
in the front rank of her citizens. 

Silas Nelson Benham was born Novem- 
ber 20, 1840, at Washington, Pennsylvania, 
and was the only child of Silas Nelson and 
Margaret (Grove) Benham. His father 
died when he was nine months old, and his 
mother married (second) February, 1846, 
Samuel H. Rial, of Washington, Pennsyl- 
vania. A woman of great strength of 
character and executive ability, her death 
occurred March 6, 1904. 

Silas N. Benham was educated in his 
native town, first attending preparatory 
schools and then entering Washington Col- 
lege, now Washington and Jefiferson Col- 
lege. He read medicine with Dr. F. Julius 
Le Moyne, and afterward, during the 



814 




^yW-<-^,.w'y^-y „' 



r-^ /y, /■ s ui^-A.^ 



^^.y<^-^^. 



/^:i>^'C-'i^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



winters of 1863-64 and 1865, attended lec- 
tures at the University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, graduating from its medical 
department. The course of Dr. Benham's 
medical education was interrupted by the 
outbreak of the Civil War. At that crisis 
in our history, sharing the patriotic ardor of 
the youth of his generation, he enlisted as a 
army surgeon, and for three years served 
with credit on the staff of his uncle. General 
Henry Benham, in a West Virginia reg- 
iment. 

In 1864, Dr. Benham came to Pittsburgh 
and opened an office on Third avenue. 
Thenceforth, to the close of his life, he 
remained a resident of the Iron City, being 
continuously engaged in the active practice 
of his profession. His thorough equipment, 
eminent abilities and unwearied devotion to 
duty caused his rapid advancement to the 
commanding position which for so many 
years was his. As a physician of the regular 
school he was enthusiastic in his efforts to 
elevate the standard of the medical profes- 
sion. 

Conspicuous among the services which 
entitle Dr. Benham to the gratitude of 
posterity, was the founding of the Pitts- 
burgh Free Dispensary, in which he was 
largely instrumental. With this beneficent 
institution his name will ever be insepara- 
bly associated, and it constitutes a most 
appropriate monument to his memory. He 
was at one time physician to the Mercy 
Hospital, and at the period of his death 
filled the position of surgeon to the West 
Pennsylvania Hospital. He belonged to the 
American Medical Association, the Amer- 
ican Surgical Society and the Allegheny 
County Medical Society, at one time serv- 
ing as president of the last named organiza- 
tion. 

As a citizen, Dr. Benham was intensely 
public-spirited, and no movement having 
for its object the welfare of Pittsburgh 
found him unresponsive. He affiliated with 
the Republicans, but his professional duties 
left him little time for active participation 



in politics and prevented him, with two ex- 
ceptions, from holding office. These ex- 
ceptions were made in the interest of the 
cause of education, which he had ever 
deeply at heart. For several years he served 
as a member of the second ward school 
board and for a time represented that ward 
on the central school board, where he held 
the position of chairman of the high school 
committee. Dr. Benham was actively and 
prominently affiliated with the Masonic 
fraternity, being a Thirty-second degree 
Mason, member of Franklin Lodge, No. 
221 ; Duquesne Chapter, No. 193, Royal 
Arch Masons ; and Tancred Commandery, 
No. 48, Knights Templar. Widely but un- 
ostentatiously charitable, no good work done 
in the name of philanthropy or religion 
sought his co-operation in vain. He was a 
member of Christ Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

As a highly intellectual man of many 
brilliant attainments. Dr. Benham was emi- 
nently fitted for the high position which he 
long held in the medical fraternity. He en- 
joyed, to a remarkable degree, the affection- 
ate regard of all who knew him, possessing 
much personal magnetism and having a 
manner at once dignified and winning. His 
countenance bore the impress of a noble 
character, showing him to be what he was — 
a true gentleman and an upright, courageous 
man. 

Dr. Benham married (first) July 27, 
1866, Nellie, daughter of Robert H. Rand, 
of Meriden, Connecticut, and they were the 
parents of two sons — Robert Rand, and Ed- 
win, both of whom died in infancy. Mrs. 
Benham died April 27, 1872, and Dr. Ben- 
ham married (second) February 20, 1889, 
Margaret Lee, daughter of the late Wilson 
and Hannah (Lee) Miller, and grand- 
daughter of Reuben Miller. Sketches and 
portraits of Wilson Miller and his father, 
Reuben Miller, appear elsewhere in this 
work. Dr. and Mrs. Benham were the 
parents of one daughter, Margaret Lee, who 
was married, November 12. 1913, to George 



815 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bart Berger, of Pittsburgh, son of the late 
George Berger. 

Mrs. Benham is a woman of culture, 
social grace and genuine philanthropy — the 
type of woman to be in all respects a fitting 
mate for such a man as her gifted husband. 
Dr. Benham was devoted to the ties of 
family and friendship, regarding them as 
sacred obligations. His happiest hours were 
passed in the home circle and he delighted 
in the exercise of hospitality. Mrs. Ben- 
ham and her daughter are active in social 
and charitable circles. Their winters are 
passed in their beautiful North Side resi- 
dence and their summers at "Beaumaris," 
their lovely summer home on the shore of 
Lake Muskoka, Canada. 

The death of Dr. Benham, which oc- 
curred November 3, 1890, was a distinct 
loss to the medical profession and to the 
city at large. Realizing that he would not 
pass this way again, he made wise use of 
his opportunities and his talents, conform- 
ing his life to a high standard, and ven- 
erated, both socially and professionally, for 
his profound and comprehensive knowl- 
edge, his eminent abilities, his long and val- 
uable services and the spotless purity of his 
moral character. 

Dr. Benham, at the time of his death, 
lacked but a few days of the completion of 
his fiftieth year. Half that period had been 
devoted to the scrupulous and enthusiastic 
performance of strenuous professional 
duties. In a quarter of a century he had 
accomplished as much as a man of ordinary 
ability and strength of purpose could have 
brought to pass in twice that time. His 
life was consecrated to the advancement of 
medical science and the relief of suffering 
humanity. The record of his labors forms 
part of the medical annals of the city of 
Pittsburgh and the State of Pennsylvania. 



CLARK, Joseph Nelson, 

Soldier, Physician, Manaf actnring Drnggiat. 

Prominent among those who have at- 
tained distinct prestige in the practice of 



medicine and pharmacy in the State of 
Pennsylvania and whose success has come 
as the logical sequence of thorough technical 
information, as enforced by natural pre- 
dilection and that sympathy and tact which 
are so essential in this profession, is Dr. 
Joseph Nelson Clark, of Harrisburg. His 
paternal ancestors were from Scotland, his 
maternal from England, and both settled in 
Pennsylvania when that section of the coun- 
try was still untrodden by white men, receiv- 
ing their lands directly from William Penn. 

John Clark, great-grandfather of Dr. 
Clark, according to early records appears 
as a private on "A Pay Roll of the Bounty 
of Captain Andrew Foreman's Company 
of the Militia of York County in the State 
of Pennsylvania, guarding the Convention 
of Prisoners at Camp Security for the 
Months of November and December, 1781." 
(See page 530, vol. 14, Pennsylvania 
Archives, second series, 1S88). He had a 
son, William Clark. 

James, son of William Clark, was born 
in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, where 
he was a miller and farmer, and where his 
entire life was spent. He married Margaret 
Nelson, and had children : Fanny, de- 
ceased; Mary; Joseph Nelson, whose name 
is at the head of this review ; Lucinda, de- 
ceased ; Hannah ; Elizabeth, deceased ; Mur- 
ray; Emma; Samuel, deceased. William 
Nelson, great-grandfather of Mr. Clark, 
died in 1766. Colonel Samuel Nelson, his 
son, was commissioned captain September 
II, 1776; commissioned lieutenant-colonel 
of the Sixth Battalion of York County 
Militia, June 17, 1779. His son, William 
Nelson, married Frances Parks, and had a 
daughter Margaret, who became the mother 
of Dr. Clark. 

Dr. Joseph Nelson Clark was born in 
Monaghan township, near Dillsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, November 12, 1839. At the close 
of the first year of his life his parents re- 
moved to Cumberland county, and it was in 
the schools of Churchtown and the Normal 
School at Newville, Pennsylvania, the latter 



816 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



now the State Normal School at Shippens- 
burg, Pennsylvania, that his preparatory 
education was acquired. He was graduated 
from the Newville Institution in i860, and 
received his diploma there. From his 
earliest youth the medical profession had 
had a great fascination for the studious lad, 
and he decided to make it his life work. 
He became a student in the Medical De- 
partment of the University of Georgetown, 
Washington, D. C, was graduated in the 
class of 1867 and received the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He took a post- 
graduate course of one year, being grad- 
uated from this with honor. St. Louis, 
Missouri, was the scene of his first medical 
practice, but at the expiration of one year 
he returned to the State of Pennsylvanja, 
where he located in Mechanicsburg, and 
followed his practice with a very satis- 
factory amount of success. He served as 
president of the Female Collegiate Institute 
at York, Pennsylvania, 1870-71. The fol- 
lowing year he removed to Harrisburg, and 
was continually engaged in the practice of 
his profession there until 1887, at which 
time he became identified with the drug 
trade. He purchased the proprietary rights 
of McNeil's Pain Exterminator, a remedy 
enjoying a world-wide sale, and his con- 
duct of his business aiifairs has been on a 
par with the excellent work he did while ex- 
clusively engaged in medical practice. It is 
not often that one finds professional and 
business ability united in one person in so 
perfect manner as is the case with Dr. 
Clark. He has been frequently called upon 
to hold official position in other enterprises, 
and is president of the People's Savings 
Bank, and has served in the same capacity 
for the Twentieth Century Building and 
Loan Association and the Dauphin County 
Sabbath School Association. Until Dr. Clark 
removed to Mechanicsville in 1905, he was a 
member and elder for many years of the 
Westminster Presbyterian Church of 
Harrisburg, of which he had been one of 
the founders, and had also been superin- 



tendent of the Sunday school. He then be- 
came a member of the Presbyterian church 
of Mechanicsburg, and at the present time 
is superintendent of the Sunday school. 
While still living in Harrisburg, he was a 
director of the Harrisburg Young Men's 
Christian Association, and he has served 
as a representative to the General Presby- 
terian Synod and the General Assembly. 
He was a member of the Harrisburg School 
Board nine years, and served as secretary 
of this honorable body one year. His fra- 
ternal affiliations are as follows: A life 
member of Robert Burns Lodge, No. 464, 
Free and Accepted Masons, having joined 
this body in 1877; member of Post No. 58, 
Grand Army of the Republic, of Harris- 
burg; of the State Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, and National Proprietary Association. 

Dr. Clark has always been of an intensely 
patriotic nature, and when in 1861 the call 
came from President Lincoln for men to 
serve three months, he was one of the first 
to respond, and his example was a source 
of inspiration to many others. At that time 
he was assigned to the Seventh Pennsyl- 
vania Reserves. Subsecjuently he enlisted 
for three years, but served four, one of 
which was spent in southern prisons. He 
was an active participant in a number of 
the most important and fiercest battles of 
the Civil War, and was taken prisoner, the 
first time at Gaines Mills, and sent to Libby 
Prison, Richmond, Virginia, languishing 
there two months. Two years later he was 
captured with his entire regiment at the 
battle of the Wilderness, confined in Ander- 
sonville Prison from May until September, 
and in the prison at Florence, South Caro- 
lina, from September until December 22, 
1864. He was mustered out of service at 
Philadelphia. February 22, 1865, and after 
a short sojourn at his own home accepted 
a position in the War Department at Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he remained until 
1868. He is a staunch Republican. 

Dr. Clark married, at Mechanicsburg, 
February 28, 1871, ^ate R., a daughter of 



817 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Solomon P. and Elizabeth Gorgas, and has 
had children: William, a former druggist 
of Philadelphia, now with his father at 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, wholesale drug- 
gist ; Mary E. ; Joseph Nelson Jr. ; Ray- 
mond Perry; Edgar George. 



CUNNINGHAM, Dominick O., 

Ijeadlng Mannfactarer, Progressive Citizen. 

Glass manufacturing is one of the indus- 
tries claimed as Pittsburgh's own. The 
slight effort made to dislodge her from her 
position of glass supremacy has been ren- 
dered futile by the great natural gas belt of 
her district, and to-day the show windows 
of the world are viewed through plate glass 
made in Pittsburgh, and the various glass 
specialties which, for the most part, origi- 
nate here, are sold in a market whose only 
confines are the four quarters of the globe. 
Conspicuous among the men instrumental 
in giving to our city this proud domination 
was the late Dominick O. Cunningham, for 
many years president of the D. O. Cunning- 
ham Glass Company, one of the long estab- 
lished representative glass concerns of 
Pittsburgh. Mr. Cunningham was also 
.associated with the lumber business and 
was prominently identified with every 
movement tending to develop the best inter- 
ests of his home city. 

Dominick O. Cunningham was born No- 
vember 23, 1834, in Allegheny county, and 
was a son of Wilson and Mary Ann 
(O'Connor) Cunningham. At a very early 
age he became associated with the glass 
business, receiving the most thorough train- 
ing and acquiring perfect familiarity with 
every department of the industry. This 
was in the natural course of events as he 
might be said to inherit an interest in glass 
manufacture. 

The successful and widely known glass 
manufacturing business so long associated 
with the name of Cunningham was estab- 
lished in 1849 by Wilson Cunningham, 
father of Dominick O. Cunningham. Asso- 



ciated with Mr. Cunningham were his two 
brothers and George Duncan. The con- 
cern was known as the Pittsburgh City 
Glass Works, and from the outset was at- 
tended by prosperity. In 1865 the firm be- 
came Cunninghams & Ihmsen, and in 1878 
the interest of Dominick Ihmsen was pur- 
chased and the style changed to Cunning- 
hams & Company, the firm being composed 
of Wilson, Robert and Dominick O. Cun- 
ningham — the last-named becoming two 
years later sole owner of the business, which 
was then incorporated as the D. O. Cun- 
ningham Glass Company. 

At this period the business embraced two 
extensive plants for the manufacture of 
window glass, bottles and fruit jars, one 
being situated at Twenty-second street and 
the other at Twenty-sixth, on Jane street. 
South Side. The equipment was of the 
most complete description, and the plants 
were recognized as among the representative 
works of Pittsburgh. This flourishing con- 
dition was mainly due to the keen vision, 
quick and sound judgment and organizing 
abilities of Mr. Cunningham. Another im- 
portant factor in his success was his insight 
into character which enabled him to put the 
right man in the right place, while the un- 
varying justice and kindliness which 
marked his conduct toward his employes 
elicited their warm attachment and secured 
their most loyal service. 

Despite the strenuous and engrossing 
nature of his duties as head of this vast 
concern the tremendous vitality of Mr. Cun- 
ningham and his extraordinary speed in the 
dispatch of business made it possible for 
him to assume other responsibilities. He 
was senior member of the large lumber firm 
of Schuette & Company, and a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce. The political 
afifiliations of Mr. Cunningham were with 
the protection wing of the Democratic 
party, and while he steadily refused to ac- 
cept office, he gave the loyal support of a 
good citizen to all measures which, in his 
judgment, tended to further the welfare of 



818 





mz:.^. 




ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pittsburgh, and as a vigilant and attentive 
observer of men and events his ideas car- 
ried weight among those with whom he dis- 
cussed public problems. With the financial 
interests of the city he was intimately asso- 
ciated as one of the incorporators and a 
director of the Manufacturers' Bank of the 
South Side. A liberal giver to charity, so 
quietly were his benefactions bestowed that 
their full number will, in all probability, 
never be known to the world. He was a 
member of Sts. Peter and Paul Church. 

The leading characteristics of Mr. Cun- 
ningham — indomitable perseverance, bold- 
ness of operation, unusual capacity for 
judging the motives and merits of men, and 
integrity and loyalty to friends — were 
deeply imprinted on his countenance. Of 
fine personal appearance, strong and stal- 
wart, his clear-cut, resolute features ac- 
centuated by a moustache, snow-white, as 
was his hair, in his latter years, and with 
the bearing of one unfailingly self-reliant, 
but ever most considerate of others, he 
looked the man he was. The eyes, with all 
their keenness, held in their depths the glint 
of humor and the firm lines of the face 
were softened by an expression of the great- 
est kindliness. No man ever recognized 
with more electrical quickness a business 
opportunity or availed himself of it with 
greater wisdom. He was loved and vener- 
ated for his sterling qualities of manhood 
and for the genial nature which recognized 
and appreciated the good in others. Until 
a few months before his death Mr. Cun- 
ningham was actively engaged in business, 
and on March 26, 191 1, he passed away, 
leaving the record of a man of purpose, one 
who lived up to the letter and spirit of his 
word and was generous in his feelings and 
conduct toward all. Mr. Cunningham was 
a man whose value, albeit appreciated while 
he was with us, could not be fully and truly 
estimated until after he had been taken 
from us. Strong, cheerful and courageous, 
leading the way in enterprises that made 
for the prosperity of others no less than 



for his own, an upright citizen, a kind 
neighbor, a loyal friend — we do not realize 
how much we have depended on him until 
the strong presence is withdrawn and the 
kind hand is no longer held out to greet us. 
Dominick O. Cunningham was loved in his 
lifetime, and to-day his memory is cher- 
ished in many hearts. 



OTT, Frederick M., 

Soldier, La-wyer. 

Major Frederick M. Ott, a well known 
attorney-at-law of Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, whose professional activity extends 
over a period of more than forty years, is a 
man of commanding ability and has risen 
to a place of distinction in his chosen pro- 
fession. In other walks of life he has also 
distinguished himself, notably in military 
affairs, and has amply proven his bravery 
and patriotism. 

The paternal founder of his family in 
this country was Johan Nicholas Ott, who 
is said to have emigrated from the Pala- 
tinate in 1735, and settled near Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania. Nicholas, son of Johan 
Nicholas Ott, served bravely in the Conti- 
nental army during the Revolution, removed 
to Harrisburg in 1781, and operated the 
Harris ferry. He bought land adjoining 
the ferry, on Paxton street, in 1797, and 
there built a tavern which he conducted 
until his death in January, 1800. Children: 
Nicholas; Mary, who married Henry 
Peters. 

Nicholas, son of Nicholas Ott, was born 
February 22, 1781, died November 5, 1832. 
He married Margaret Kissecker, and had 
seven children, among them being Leander 
Nicholas Ott, born February 11, 1814, died 
February 8, 1897. His career was a varied 
one. For a time he was an attorney-at-law, 
then engaged in the lumber business at 
Harrisburg, later in the same business in 
Camden, New Jersey, and finally resumed 
it in Harrisburg. He removed to Susque- 
hanna township in 1861. For a number of 



819 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years he was occupied as a civil engineer, 
and made State surveys. During the first 
three years of the Civil War he was active 
in organizing troops at Camp Curtin, and 
also organized emergency companies in 
1862-63. He married Caroline M. Heisely, 
and they had six children, of whom the two 
surviving ones — Frederick M. and Mary 
Heisely — are living on the homestead "Kit- 
tatinny Farm." In the maternal line of Mr 
Ott, many members have been distinguished 
in military affairs, as statesmen, and in 
various professional lines. 

Major Frederick M. Ott was born in 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, April 4, 1850. 
The public schools of his native city fur- 
nished him with his early education, and 
from them he went to the Harrisburg Acad- 
emy, at which he was a student from 1862 
until 1866. In the last mentioned year he 
matriculated at Pennsylvania College, at 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and was gradu- 
ated from this institution in the class of 
1870. Taking up the study of law under 
the preceptorship of his father, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Dauphin county, Penn- 
sylvania, as an attorney, May 13, 1873, and 
with the exception of the time spent in mili- 
tary service has been in vminterrupted prac- 
tice of his profession. The principles of the 
Republican party have always been upheld 
by him, and he served as county solicitor 
of Dauphin county at the time when this 
office was still an elective one. He has 
served as a school director for almost a 
quarter of a century, and has been secretary 
of the board in Susquehanna township. 

His military record is an exceedingly 
creditable one. Becoming a member of the 
National Guard of Pennsylvania in 1S88, 
he was elected second lieutenant of the Gov- 
ernor's Troop, upon the organization of that 
body, was promoted to the rank of first 
lieutenant in 1890, and to that of captain in 
1 891. In this last rank he was reelected 
and commissioned for a number of succes- 
sive terms. At the outbreak of the Spanish- 
American War his company entered the 



United States service, being known as the 
Governor's Troop, Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Cavalry. They were mustered in, May 13, 
1898, and mustered out, November 21, 1898, 
having participated in the Porto Rican ex- 
pedition. Captain Ott was in command of 
this troop during its entire period of service. 
In 1910 the Pennsylvania Cavalry was 
formed in two squadrons of four companies 
each, and Captain Ott was made major of 
the Second Squadron. Major Ott is a mem- 
ber of the Spanish-American War Veterans 
of Dauphin county; of the Dauphin County 
Bar Association ; and of Zion Lutheran 
Church, Harrisburg. Commendation is 
superfluous appended to the history of a 
man like Major Ott ; his record speaks for 
itself. 



McCONNELL, Alexander Daniel, 

Lia^ryer, Jurist. 

The name of Judge Alexander Daniel 
McConnell, of Greensburg, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, is known as that of 
a lawyer and judge of marked ability and 
distinction. He is a man of most pro- 
nounced views on political matters, and an 
independent thinker along many lines. His 
profound and wide attainments, the clarity 
and keenness of his mind, combined with a 
character of the most uncompromising in- 
tegrity, have won him the undeviating re- 
spect and confidence of the Bar and of the 
citizens over whom he has presided as 
judge. 

The founder of his family in the United 
States was Daniel McConnell, a native of 
Dumfriesshire, Scotland, who was born in 
1710. While yet a young man he came to 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where he 
married Peggy Kirkpatrick, a young woman 
of Scotch-Irish parentage. They had four 
sons and several daughters. Of the sons — 
Samuel, David, Hugh and Daniel — the first 
three were married to three daughters of 
Thomas Whiteside, an English gentleman 
who came to Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 



820 




° "■*' i? ''*'''' •iMw.jn-' *■■"'■ 



Ua^7(J!^,yUtn/ 0\jJ /rls(Q0Vl/V\My 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vaiiia, in the eighteenth century and there 
married Alargaret Porter. They had five 
daughters and three sons. The three daugh- 
ters who married the McConnell brothers 
were Rebecca, Martha and Violet. Samuel, 
the eldest of the McConnell sons, married 
\'iolet, the youngest of the Whiteside 
daughters ; Hugh, the youngest McConnell 
son, married Rebecca, the eldest of the 
Whiteside daughters ; while David, of fur- 
ther mention, the second son, married Mar- 
tlia, who was the third of the five daughters 
of Thomas and JMargaret (Porter) White- 
side. In respect to church connection the 
McConnells were Seceders of the old type, 
while the Whitesides were Presbyterians. 
In those days this difference was regarded 
as a very substantial matter, and the par- 
ents of the respective contracting parties, 
in each case, objected to the marriage en 
that account, but in each case the marriage 
took place in spite of objection. 

David, second son of Daniel McConnell, 
was born in Lancaster county, in 1764, and 
removed to Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1800. Of his twelve chil- 
dren, one died in infancy, the others all 
married, had families, and for the most 
part located in Western Pennsylvania. Of 
his direct descendants, many engaged in 
professional work, among these being: 
Judge McConnell, of this sketch; Rev. 
Samuel D. McConnell, D. D., LL. D. ; Rev. 
David McConnell Steel, of New York City. 

Daniel, eldest son of David and Martha 
(Whiteside) McConnell, was born m Lan- 
caster county, April 19, 1794, and died in 
Salem township, W'estmoreland county, 
March 8, 1865. He married Hannah Mc- 
Eride, who died April 14, 1884, wdiose 
father and grandfather, both named James 
McBride, were active participants in the 
War of the Revolution. They had three 
sons and seven daughters. 

David Kirkpatrick, eldest son of Daniel 
and Hannah (McBride) McConnell, was 
born November 18, 1819, and died Decem- 
ber 5, 1900. He married, October 31, 1844, 



Harriet, daughter of John Steel and Jane 
(Christy) Sloan, both the Christy and Sloan 
families being identified with the history 
of Westmoreland county for more than a 
century. They had five sons and four 
daughters. 

Judge Alexander Daniel McConnell, 
third son and child of David Kirkpatrick 
and Harriet (Sloan) McConnell, was born 
in Loyalhanna township, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, March 10, 1850. Ac- 
quiring his elementary education in the 
public schools of Loyalhanna and Salem 
townships, he then attended Delmont Acad- 
emy, and finally became a student at the 
Washington and Jefiferson College. For 
some years he acted in the capacity of as- 
sistant to H. M. Jones, superintendent of 
the public schools of Westmoreland county, 
then located in Greensburg in September, 
1873, and became a teacher in the public 
schools there. Not long afterward he was 
elected to the principalship of these schools, 
a position he filled with ability until June 
I, 1876. In the meantime he had also de- 
voted himself to the study of law, and in 
1877, upon the motion of Senator Edgar 
Cowan, he was admitted to the bar of West- 
moreland county. Since that time he has 
been identified with legal affairs in various 
capacities. He read law in the ofiice of 
the late Judge James A. Hunter, and has 
always given his political allegiance to the 
Republican party. He rendered excellent 
service as chairman of the Republican 
County Committee in 1878, and in 1879, 
when he was nominated by his party for 
the Legislature, he succeeded in reducing 
the Democratic majority greatly, which was 
to be considered a success in so far, as the 
county had always been overwhelmingly 
Democratic hitherto. His party nominated 
him for Congress in 1882, but the rule of 
rotation gave the nomination to Fayette 
county that year. In 1889 he was the Re- 
publican candidate for judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas, but the party was de- 
feated in that and several succeeding vears. 



821 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1895 a law was enacted allowing two 
judges to the Tenth Judicial District, and 
Governor Hastings, on practically the 
unanimous endorsement of the Westmore- 
land county bar, appointed Judge McCon- 
nell to this office, June 17, 1895. He re- 
ceived the Republican nomination, and in 
November of the same year was elected for 
a full term of ten years by a majority of 
about 3,000. April 15, 1905, he was with- 
out opposition nominated by the Republican 
party to succeed himself, and on July 3, 
following, he was endorsed by the Demo- 
cratic County Committee and his name 
directed to be placed on the Democratic 
ticket as the candidate of that party. Many 
important questions have been settled by 
Judge McConnell, and his decisions have 
been upheld by the Superior and Supreme 
Courts of the State. June 18, 1902, West- 
minster College conferred on Judge Mc- 
Connell the degree of Doctor of Laws, an 
honor which during the last century has 
been conferred on only four other members 
of the Westmoreland county bar. 

Judge McConnell married, March 24, 
1876, Ella J., eldest daughter of Adam J. 
and Emma (Eyster) Turney, of Greens- 
burg; granddaughter of Rev. Michael 
Eyster, a Lutheran minister, who died in 
Greensburg; and great-granddaughter of 
Rev. John William Weber, a pioneer Re- 
formed minister, who established numerous 
churches in Western Pennsylvania. They 
have had children: Richard Kirk, was 
graduated from Washington and Jefferson 
College, now a practicing attorney in the 
Greensburg courts : A. Turney, was a clerk 
in the bank of the Barclay Trust Company, 
of Greensburg; Alexander, who studied 
law at the University of Pennsylvania, from 
which he was graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws, and is now in practice 
in Greensburg; Emma E., and Robert 
Sloan. 

Judge McConnell has always been greatly 
interested in the cause of higher education, 
and is one of the trustees of the Morrison 



Underwood fund, which its donor devoted 
to certain educational purposes. He is an 
attendant of the First Presbyterian Qiurch 
of Greensburg; a director of the West- 
moreland Hospital, Greensburg ; and a 
member of the Scotch-Irish Society of Phil- 
adelphia, and of Philanthropy Lodge, No. 
518, Free and Accepted' Masons. His serv- 
ices are in great demand as an orator, and 
he is especially noted for his talent in mak- 
ing addresses, of whatever nature they may 
be. A recent example of his art in this 
direction was on the occasion of the un- 
veiling exercises at the old St. Clair Ceme- 
tery, August 15, 1913, when the new monu- 
ment erected by the Masonic fraternity of 
this district over the grave and to the 
memory of Major-General Arthur St. Clair, 
was unveiled and dedicated. As an ex- 
ample of the style of Judge McConnell, we 
give an extract from this dedicatory ad- 
dress : 

General St. Clair gave wholly and without re- 
serve a brave, noble, deedful life, to the service 
of his adopted country, in the days of its dire 
need — and that country, when it had become rich, 
and he had become poor through the assumption 
of debts that were in fact the debts of his coun- 
try, allowed him in his old age to feel the pangs 
of poverty and to die under circumstances as 
pathetic as the circumstances that attended the 
tragic life and death of Lear. * * St. Clair 
was of distinguished lineage. Scott, in his "Lay 
of the Last Minstrel," speaks of the "lordly line 
of high St. Clair." Had he chosen to do so, he 
could have lived a life of comfort and ease in 
his native land — enjoying the inherited honors of 
his titled ancestors. But that, young St. Clair 
could not do — for he had in him something better 
than noble blood ; he had a noble soul, which 
forbade his resting at ease and enjoying un- 
earned honors. He followed the drumbeat of 
war to a new world, where a man's worth is 
measured by what he himself is, and not by what 
his ancestors have been. 



ROEDEL, Henry Heisler, 

Physician, Financier. 

To reach the age of eighty years is not 
an unusual achievement among men, but to 



822 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



reach that age and retain the vigor of mid- 
dle age, marks Dr. Roedel as a wonderful 
man mentally and physically. The begin- 
ning of his life was as remarkable as his 
latter career, for at the age of three years 
he began attending what might be called 
a kindergarten school. Thus his active life 
covers a period of seventy-seven years, and 
its fruition is not yet reached. 

Dr. Henry Heisler Roedel, born at Leb- 
anon, Pennsylvania, June 14, 1832, is a 
son of P. Jacob and Justina (Diller) Roedel, 
the former a shoe manufacturer. During 
the Mexican war he contracted with the 
United States government to furnish the 
army with shoes, a contract that was 
honorably fulfilled by Mr. Roedel. As 
stated, Dr. Roedel began attending school at 
the age of three, spent about one year in 
the public school, and then studied under 
private tutelage until fifteen; after an in- 
terim of three years he returned to the 
Lebanon Academy, preparatory to going to 
Gettysburg. He developed tubercular 
symptoms, and under medical advice, for 
the time abandoned the college course con- 
templated, and was sent into the western 
part of the State, where at Coleraine Forges 
and Tyrone, in two years' time, all tuber- 
cular symptoms subsided. He returned to 
Lebanon, entered the office of Dr. Cyrus D. 
Gloninger, and graduated at the University 
of Pennsylvania in 1857. 

His father, desirous of retaining him at 
home, purchased half an interest in George 
Waltz's large bookstore, which was con- 
ducted by Waltz & Roedel for upwards of 
six years. A very promising offer from 
Shorb, Stewart & Company, his former em- 
ployers when living among the mountains, 
induced him to consider the matter seri- 
ously. His father furnished these firms 
with many goods during the year (Mrs. 
Shorb was his grandmother's sister) ; in 
fact, the offer was so liberal that his father 
even thought it should be accepted, so with 
his consent Dr. Roedel moved to Tyrone, 
Blair county, Pennsylvania. The firm more 



than redeemed their promise. He spent 
nearly six years in this community and 
while they were very laborious, they were 
very satisfactory, being both pecuniarily and 
professionally successful. During this 
period a fellow practitioner lay sick for 
quite a while; during it he attended to his 
practice; later another died, causing more 
work to fall into his hands. No one could 
be found to settle the estate. Out of sym- 
pathy for the widow, who was a daughter 
of a physician of Pittsburgh, he undertook 
to settle the estate, though obliged to give 
$20,000 security, and after considerable time 
it was done very satisfactorily to the family. 
The added labor began to tell. The tax was 
too great. He left the field very reluctantly, 
having made many warm friends ; he had 
organized the first Lutheran congregation 
here, which built a church and purchased 
a parsonage ; and introduced a method by 
which the parsonage would be paid for in 
five years, and the church was free of debt 
when dedicated. 

His father again came to the rescue, tell- 
ing him to come to Lebanon, take charge of 
the store, and half of the income should be 
his, without investing a penny. Remaining 
in this capacity nearly three years, one day 
his father remarked he thought he had 
better "put up his shingle" again, as he 
was out of the store more than in. Quite 
a number of physicians had died during 
his absence, and there seemed to be a want 
which he undertook to fill. Dr. Reidnaur 
had always been his father's family phy- 
sician, and they were close neighbors. He 
was married to Dr. Roedel's mother-inr 
law's sister, and had three sons, the oldest 
on his way from Gettysburg being drowned 
at Harrisburg. The second lost his life from 
an infected wound obtained in the dissecting 
room ; the youngest, after graduation and a 
trip to medical schools in Europe, upon his 
return obtained a large practice. An acute 
attack of pneumonia carried him off; and 
his mother had preceded them in death. 

After his father's death in 1888, Dr. 



823 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Roedel succeeded him as director in the 
Lebanon National Bank, and as treasurer 
and secretary of the Berks & Dauphin Turn- 
pike Road Company, and settled his estate. 
He took charge of his brother Jacob's estate, 
the latter being an epileptic and disqualified 
from doing business for himself ; became 
his partner in business until his brother's 
death, and then settled his estate. It took 
Dr. Hare, rector of St. Luke's Episcopal 
Church, more than an hour to persuade him 
that it was his duty to become a member of 
the medical staff of the Good Samaritan 
Hospital. He thought younger men should 
do the work and shoulder the responsibility. 
So the Good Samaritan Hospital, originat- 
ing in a small house, with cramped quarters, 
by its efficiency and successful treatment of 
the sick and maimed, overcame the pre- 
judices of its enemies, that its coming gave 
rise to, that it was just another name for 
a poor house, the small beginning has by its 
earnest friends been replaced by the very 
creditable building, now occupied, and fur- 
nished with all the conveniences desirable. 
In 1903 Dr. Roedel, with A. B. Gloninger, 
one of the surgeons, thinking their days of 
usefulness in the Good Samaritan Hospital 
had ceased, established the Lebanon Sana- 
torium. From the annual report issued they 
are assured that their leaving was not de- 
trimental to it, but that it is still growing in 
favor ; while the more than two thousand 
surgical and medical cases treated, with the 
more than six thousand office patients 
treated at the Lebanon Sanatorium, proves 
that the change was timely, progressive and 
profitable. 

At no time were the two above named 
institutions rivals, because, based upon op- 
posite principles — ^tlie former upon an 
eleemosynary basis, fairly well sustained by 
the citizens and with the aid of the common- 
wealth's semi-annual appropriations, en- 
abling it to make both ends meet ; the latter, 
upon the supposition that the community 
was not only able but willing to pay for 
medical and surgical services privately 



rendered at home. Hence in the new enter- 
prise, wards were supplanted by separate 
rooms in which patients could have the 
privacy of a home, and might be attended 
by their own family physician, if desirable. 
The result proved the correctness of the 
originators' method. Quite a number of per- 
sons, who had been restored patients, prac- 
tically demonstrated their gratitude by fur- 
nishing rooms in the sanatorium. 

Dr. Roedel married, December 2, 1858, 
Susan, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Ruth- 
raufl:, pastor of Zion Lutheran Church at 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania. The family con- 
sists of a son and three daughters. The 
former, after graduating from the Philadel- 
phia College of Pharmacy, read medicine 
and graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania and is now practicing at home. 
The daughters are: Mary E., Emma M., 
and A. Louisa, who is married to Rev. 
George Fulton, a Presbyterian clergj'man 
now located at jMechanicsburg ; they have 
three children — Henry, Francis and George 
Jr. 



COCHRAN, Richard Ellis, 

Iiife Under-writer, Financier. 

The activity of Richard Ellis Cochran in 
the business world has conclusively proved 
him to be one of the representative citizens 
of the community. His family is an ancient 
one, and a brief record of the earlier gener- 
ations is of interest in connection with the 
life work of Mr. Cochran. 

The name is derived from the Barony of 
Cochrane, in Renfrewshire, Scotland. In 
the reign of Alexander III., Warden de 
Cochrane was a witness to grants of land in 
county Argyll, made by Dongal, son of 
Swaine, to the Earl of Monteith, and his 
successor swore fealty to Edward I. of Eng- 
land. William Cochrane obtained from 
Queen Mary charters of the land and Bar- 
ony of Cochrane, which became the family 
seat. Sir William Cochrane, of Cowden, 
was devoted to Charles I., was raised to the 



824 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



peerage as Baron Cochrane, of Dundonald, 
and was created Lord Cochrane, of Paisley 
and Ochiltree. John Cochrane, one of the 
descendants of the Earl of Dundonald, 
crossed to the North of Ireland in 1570, and 
his great-great-great-grandsons, James, Ste- 
phen and David, emigrated to America and 
were the progenitors of the Cochran fam- 
ilies in this country, the final "e" having 
been dropped long before. A settlement 
was made in what is now known as Coch- 
ranville, Chester county, Pennsylvania. 
John, a son of James Cochran, removed to 
Delaware, near Middletown, and married 
Mary Ellis. 

Dr. Richard E. Cochran, son of John and 
Mary (Ellis) Cochran, was born Septem- 
ber I, 1785, and died in Columbia, Lancas- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, during the cholera 
epidemic of 1854. He was graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania in 1810, and 
was an active participant in the War of 
1812. He was a physician in Middletown 
and Wilmington, Delaware, until early in 
1824, when he removed to Columbia. He 
was a member of the Delaware Assembly, 
1822-23, and in 1836 was a Henry Clay 
elector for Lancaster county, being an ar- 
dent Whig. In the same year he was a mem- 
ber of the Reform Convention which 
amended the constitution. Dr. Cochran 
married Eliza F., a daughter of Dr. Thomas 
Evans, and had: i. Thomas E., lawyer, 
State Senator in 1840-43, Auditor-General 
of Pennsylvania in 1859, and member of 
the State Constitutional Convention of 
1872-73. 2. John Jefferson, of further men- 
tion. 3. Lieutenant Richard E., of the regu- 
lar army in Florida and among the Indians 
of Arkansas and Kansas ; served under 
General Taylor in the Mexican War, and 
fell at Resaca de la Palma, just after he 
had entered the intrenchments captured 
from the Mexicans. 4. Theodore D., jour- 
nalist, soldier and statesman, editor of the 
"Columbia Spy" and "The Old Guard"; 
member of the Legislature, 1844-45 ; lieu- 
tenant of volunteers in the Mexican War; 



captain during the Civil War. 5. Mary 
Frances. 

John Jefferson Cochran, son of Dr. Rich- 
ard E. and Eliza F. (Evans) Cochran, was 
bom in Wilmington, Delaware, December 
20, 1816, and died May 12, 1879. He was 
a child when his parents removed to Co- 
lumbia, Pennsylvania, and he learned the art 
of printing in the office of the "Columbia 
Spy," then edited by his brother. In asso- 
ciation with his brother, Theodore D., he 
continued the publication of the "York Re- 
publican" until 1852, having purchased this 
paper when he removed to York in 1835. 
He then- sold the paper, having been appoint- 
ed to the office of postmaster of York in the 
meantime, and filled this office until 1853, 
when he removed to Lancaster and became 
identified with coal mining operations at 
Shamokin under the firm name of Cochran, 
Peale & Company. Later, in association 
with his brother, he purchased and published 
several other papers, having during this 
period been appointed postmaster of Lan- 
caster by President Lincoln, an office he held 
until 1868. He was then appointed news- 
paper clerk in the House of Representatives 
at Washington, D. C, holding this office 
until it was abolished. Subsequently he 
again engaged in the editing and publica.- 
tion of various papers, and was identified 
with this class of work until failing health 
obliged him to abandon it in the fall of 
1878. Mr. Cochran married, in October, 
1839, Catherine, born at York, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1818, died there in 1884, a daughter 
of Thomas and Catherine (Gartwan) 
Baumgardner, of German descent. Chil- 
dren: Thomas Baumgardner, editor and 
statesman, married Anna Margaret Pear- 
sol ; Richard ElHs, whose name heads this 
sketch ; Elizabeth Frances, Ellen Louisa, 
and Anna May, died in infancy; Catherine 
C, died at the age of seventeen years; John 
Jacob, died in infancy; Henry Baumgard- 
ner, one of the proprietors of "The Exam- 
iner" ; Alma, married Schreiner ; 

Alice B., married Charles R. Morrell, of 



82s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Merchantville, New Jersey; John Jacob, a 
coal merchant of Lancaster, married Anna 
Keller; Flora May, deceased, married 
James A. Romeyn, of Hackensack, New 
Jersey ; Elizabeth G., deceased ; Ella Louisa, 
died young. 

Richard Ellis Cochran, son of John Jef- 
ferson and Catherine (Baumgardner) Coch- 
ran, was born at York, York county, Penn- 
sylvania, June 24, 1849, and was educated 
in public and private schools of New York 
and Lancaster counties. He was still very 
young when he learned the printers' trade in 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and later became 
interested in coal mining operations very 
largely from which he retired in 1873. He 
then engaged in the life insurance business, 
becoming associated with the United States 
Life Insurance Company of New York, and 
was advanced from time to time until in 1912 
he became third vice-president and a direc- 
tor of this company at New York, with 
offices at No. 2"]"] Broadway, New York 
City. His business career has been a most 
successful one, and he is connected with a 
number of other financial and industrial 
corporations. He is president and director 
of the National Dairy Supply Company of 
America; vice-president and director of the 
Hygeia Ice Company of New Jersey ; direc- 
tor of the Crex Carpet Company ; trustee of 
the Empire City Savings Bank of New 
York; was elected president of the Life 
Underwriters' Association of New York 
City in 1896; and elected president of the 
National Association of Life Underwriters 
in America, in 1898. 

Mr. Cochran married, at Philadelphia, 
November 4, 1875, Annie Geise, born in 
Philadelphia, January 21, 1857, a daughter 
of George Bockins, and a descendant of an 
old family of Philadelphia. Children: i. 
Elizabeth Bockins, born in Philadelphia, Oc- 
tober 15, 1876; married, June 5, igo2, Wil- 
liam E. Bliss, president of the E. A. Bliss 
Company, of Meriden, Connecticut. 2. 
Ethel, born in Philadelphia, August 31, 
1882 ; married, June 5, 1902, Ward Coe 



Pitkins, and resides in Englewood, New 
Jersey. Children: Ward Coe, Ehzabeth F. 
and George DeWitt. 3. Helen B., born at 
Englewood, New Jersey, November 15, 
1886; married John Forsyth Jr., of that 
town, and has one child : Helen. 

Mr. Cochran is a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Englewood, New 
Jersey, where he has resided a number of 
years, and is a member of the Blue Lodge, 
No. -144, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Philadelphia. He was appointed chief of 
staff to General Horace Porter, of New 
York City, in the great McKinley campaign 
parade of 1896; was on the staff of General 
Horace Porter, with the rank of brigadier- 
general, in the McKinley inaugural parade 
at Washington, March 4, 1897, being in 
command of the Second Brigade, Third 
Division ; and was in command of the Third 
Division of the McKinley-Roosevelt in- 
augural parade, at Washington, March 4, 
1901, with the rank of major-general. He 
is a Republican, and a member of the Re- 
publican Club of New York. His social 
affiliations are with the Englewood Field 
Club and the Union League Club, of Ber- 
gen county ; Automobile Club of America, 
and the Pennsylvania Society of New York 
City. 



MARTIN, J. Rankin, 

IiBTryer, Financier. 

Beaver county, Pennsylvania, figures as 
one of the most attractive, progressive and 
prosperous divisions of the State, justly 
claiming a high order of citizenship and a 
spirit of enterprise which is certain to con- 
serve consecutive development and marked 
advancement in the material upbuilding of 
this section. The county has been and is 
signally favored in the class of men who 
have contributed to its development along 
commercial and professional lines, and in the 
latter connection the subject of this review 
demands recognition, as he has been actively 
engaged in the practice of law at Beaver 



826 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Falls since 1882. He is financially interested 
in a number of important business enter- 
prises in Beaver county, and his honorable 
and straightforward methods demonstrate 
the power of activity and honesty in the 
business world. 

J. Rankin Martin was born in Darlington, 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, January 14, 
1852, son of James P. and Mary C. 
(Imbrie) Martin, both of whom were born 
in Beaver county and both of whom are 
now deceased. The Martin and Imbrie fam- 
ilies are descended from stanch Scotch 
stock. James P. Martin was engaged in 
farming operations in the vicinity of Dar- 
lington, during the greater part of his active 
career, and he was a stalwart Republican 
in his political convictions. From 1876 to 
1878 he served as sheriff of his county, and 
he acquitted himself with honor and distinc- 
tion in discharging the duties connected with 
that office. He and his wife were devout 
United Presbyterians in their religious faith. 
They reared a family of eight children. 

Under the invigorating influence of the 
old homestead farm, J. Rankin Martin was 
reared to maturity, and his rudimentary 
educational training consisted of such ad- 
vantages as were afforded in the public 
schools of his native place. Subsequently 
he attended Darlington Academy, and after 
completing the curriculum of that institu- 
tion he was engaged in teaching school for 
a period of four years, at the expiration of 
which he was matriculated as a student in 
Westminster College, which he attended for 
two years. In 1876 he was appointed deputy 
sheriff by his father and he served as such 
for three years, when he entered the law 
offices of Agnew & Buchanan, under whose 
able preceptorship he studied law. He was 
admitted to practice at the Pennsylvania 
State bar, February 6, 1882, and imme- 
diately located at Beaver Falls, where he 
has devoted the major portion of his time 
and attention to a large and lucrative client- 
age during the long intervening years to 
the present time, in 1912. He is counsel for 



a number of prominent business concerns 
in this section of the State, and his practice 
extends to all State and Federal courts. In 
connection with the work of his profession 
he is a valued and appreciative member of 
the Beaver County Bar Association and the 
Pennsylvania State Bar Association. 

Mr. Martin is a decidedly prominent fac- 
tor in business and banking circles in this 
county. He is vice-president of the Farm- 
ers' Bank at Beaver, a member of the board 
of directors of the Beaver Trust Company, 
and director in the Citizens' National Bank 
at Monaca, Pennsylvania, in addition to 
which he is likewise interested in a number 
of other business enterprises of local impor- 
tance. 

In politics he is an uncompromising Re- 
publican, and he has served as a member of 
the Republican county committee for many 
years. On various occasions he has been 
chosen as a delegate to State conventions, 
and in 1883 he was honored by his fellow 
citizens with election to the office of prose- 
cuting attorney for Beaver county. He was 
incumbent of that office for the ensuing six 
years. In 1905 he was nominated on the 
Republican ticket for the office of county 
judge, but met defeat at the following elec- 
tion as the result of a combination. In the 
Masonic order he has passed through the 
circle of the Scottish Rite branch, and is a 
thirty-second degree Mason. 

Mr. Martin was married, October 21, 
1880, to Miss Anna M. Eakin, who was 
bom in Beaver county, and who was a 
daughter of John R. and Margaret (Mitch- 
ell) Eakin, prominent residents of Beaver. 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin became the parents 
of three daughters: Helen, the wife of Oli- 
ver C. Hurst, of Beaver Falls; Margaret, 
wife of Frank M. Hoover, of Pittsburgh; 
and Mary, wife of Robert C. Mayer, of 
New York City. Mrs. Martin was sum- 
moned to the life eternal March 22, 1910, 
and her remains are interred in the Beaver 
cemetery. She was a woman of most 
gracious personality and her death is uni- 



827 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



formly mourned throughout her home com- 
munity. 

Mr. Martin is a United Presbyterian in 
rehgious faith, and is an active factor in 
church and Sunday school work. He is a 
man of fine mentahty and broad human 
sympathy; always courteous, kindly and 
afifable and those who know him personally 
accord him the highest esteem. His life has 
been exemplary in all respects, and he has 
ever supported those interests which are 
calculated to uplift and benefit humanity, 
and his own splendid moral worth is deserv- 
ing of the highest commendation. He is a 
member of the Beaver County Country 
Club. 



ROTT, Louis, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Prominent and progressive ! Two words 
full of comprehensive meaning which be- 
long, by right of their achievements, to the 
men who have made, and are still making, 
the greatness and the fame of Pennsylvania. 
To none could they be applied with more ab- 
solute fidelity to truth than to the late Louis 
Rott, President of the First National Bank 
of Marshall, and officially connected with a 
mimber of the important industrial and 
financial institutions of his home city. Dur- 
ing the thirty years of his residence in 
Homestead, Mr. Rott was conspicuously 
identified with the growth of its best inter- 
ests and with the maintenance of its con- 
sequent prosperity and prestige. 

Christian Rott, grandfather of Louis Rott, 
was a native of Germany, where his entire 
life was spent. He was a resident of the 
town of Isenhutte, where he was manager 
of iron works and occupied a position of 
influence. He married and had children. 

Christian, son of Christian Rott, served 
for a time as a soldier in the German army 
and then studied veterinary surgery. Later 
he was employed in the silver mines be- 
longing to the father of the celebrated spe- 
cialist, Dr. Koch, and was also engaged in 



making blacksmith's tools. In 1850 he emi- 
grated to the United States, settling in Pitts- 
burgh, becoming the first toolmaker in what 
was then Crogansville and is now the 
Twelfth Ward. He afterward accepted a 
position with Newmyer & Grafi^, with whom 
he remained until his retirement from active 
work. He was a member of the Lutheran 
Church on High street. Mr. Rott married, 
in Germany, Louisa Heiseike, and a native 
like himself of the duchy of Brunswick. 
Their children were: Frederick, of Pitts- 
burgh ; Christian Z. F., at one time a mem- 
ber of the firm of George A. MacBeth & 
Company, and now of California; Louis, 
mentioned below ; and another son who died 
early in life. The death of Christian Rott 
occurred in 1875, in Pittsburgh. He was 
a man most estimable in all the relations of 
life, taking special interest in the education 
of his children and in preparing them to 
enter the world of business. 

Louis, son of Christian and Louisa (Hei- 
seike) Rott, was born October 22, 1844, in 
Badenhausen, Brunswick, Germany, and 
was six years old when brought by his par- 
ents to the United States. His education 
was obtained in the schools of Pittsburgh, 
and at the age of fourteen he began an ap- 
prenticeship to the drug business in the re- 
tail store of W. J. Radcliff. After serving 
five years he was received into partnership, 
but one year thereafter the business was 
closed. Mr. Rott was then associated for 
sixteen years with the firm of B. L. Fahne- 
stock & Company, wholesale druggists, ac- 
quiring during this period a thorough knowl- 
edge of every detail of the business and de- 
veloping those remarkable executive abilities 
for which he was ever afterward distin^ 
guished. 

In 1882 Mr. Rott removed to Homestead, 
where he opened a retail drug store on the 
corner of Ann street and Eighth avenue, 
and soon found himself at the head of a 
flourishing business. It was not long before 
he became a man of influence in the com^ 
munity, and his talents for finance did not 



828 




::^L>6^4^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



long fail of recognition. In 1888 he assisted 
in organizing the First National Bank of 
Homestead, becoming its first cashier, sub- 
sequently he was elected vice-president, and 
finally president. By his wise administra- 
tion of this oflfice he became widely known 
as a financier of great sagacity and much 
aggressive ability, one in the inmost circle 
of those closest to the business concerns and 
financial interests which most largely con- 
served the growth and progress of the city. 

A man of action rather than words, Mr. 
Rott demonstrated his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advanced the wealth 
and prosperity of the community. He was 
connected with the Homestead Brick Com- 
pany, the Homestead Baking Company, and 
the Mifflin Land and Improvement Com- 
pany, and was one of the organizers of the 
Homestead Building and Loan Association, 
serving twenty years as its secretary. He 
was also secretary of the Homestead Ceme- 
tery Company. These are but a few of the 
many enterprises in which he was financially 
interested and his duties toward each were 
faithfully discharged. To whatever he 
undertook he gave his whole soul, allowing 
none of the many trusts reposed in him to 
suffer for want of close and able attention 
and industry. 

As a citizen) with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Rott stood 
in the front rank. Always an uncompromis- 
ing Republican, he was one of those who, 
in 1872, voted for Horace Greeley, and was 
a member of the Republican committee from 
the time of the incorporation of that body. 
For ten years he was treasurer of the bor- 
ough of Homestead, served for three years 
as school director and secretary of the 
school board, and for two terms represented 
his ward in the city council. In igo6 he 
was elected burgess, and made the first 
annual report ever made by a Homestead 
burgess. He served for three years as coun- 
cilman in Bellevue. In 191 1 he was elected 
as school director for a term of six years. 
He was active in fraternal circles, affiliating 



with Homestead Lodge, No. 582, Free and 
Accepted Masons; Magdala Lodge, No. 991, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; Boaz 
Council, Royal Arcanum; Amity Conclave, 
Heptasophs ; Lincoln Castle, Ancient Order 
of Knights of Mystic Chain; also the 
Knights of Pythias, and Shiloh Chapter. 
He was one of the organizers of Magdala 
Lodge, the first lodge of its order in Home- 
stead, and for many years served as its 
secretary. He and Mr. An-dress selected 
the name and were successful in erecting, at 
an expense of $40,000, what was then the 
finest lodge hall in Pennsylvania. He also 
helped to organize Homestead Lodge, in 
which he attained the rank of past master. 
He was past exalted ruler of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, belonged to 
the Golden Eagles, and Andress Encamp- 
ment and was a member of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania. He was one of the 
founders of the Gervaise Commandery of 
the Knights of Malta. Mr. Rott was bap- 
tized in the Lutheran Church in Germany, 
but after removing to Homestead became a 
member of St. Matthew's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, in which he served for many 
years as senior warden. No good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
sought his cooperation in vain, and in his 
work of this character he brought to bear 
the same discrimination and thoroughness 
that were manifest in his business life. 

The personality of Mr. Rott was that of 
a great-brained and large-hearted man, 
genial, sympathetic, and withal forceful and 
aggressive. He was beloved by his em- 
ployes, his conduct toward whom was ever 
marked by the strictest justice and the most 
considerate kindliness, and his sterling qual- 
ities of manhood commanded the respect 
of the entire community. Sincere and true 
in his friendships, he was a man who drew 
men to him and irradiated the ever-widening 
circle of his influence with the brightness of 
spirit that expressed the pure gold of char- 
acter. 

Mr. Rott married (first) July 19, 1876, 



829 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.\PHY 



Arabella Jeannette, daughter of Robert and 
Ann (Lafferty) McCandless. The former 
was one of the incorporators of St. James' 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Mr. and 
Mrs. Rott were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Louis Edwin, connected with 
the First National Bank of Munhall ; Rob- 
ert George, clerk of the Carnegie Steel Com- 
pany ; Charles Henry, deceased ; Albert 
John, of marked artistic ability in various 
directions ; and another son who died in 
infancy. Mrs. Rott was before her mar- 
riage principal of the Sixteenth Ward school 
and an active worker in church circles. She 
died November 28, 1889. Mr. Rott mar- 
ried (second) his sister-in-law, Margaret 
Virginia McCandless, a thoughtful, clever 
woman of culture and character, and in all 
respects fitted to be to her husband an ideal 
helpmate. Mr. Rott was devoted in his 
family relations and delighted to entertain 
his friends. His beautiful home was a cen- 
ter of hospitality, Mrs. Rott being one of 
the city's most charming and tactful 
hostesses. The whole family are extremely 
popular in Pittsburgh society. 

The death of Mr. Rott, which occurred 
March 31, 1913, deprived the Keystone 
State of one whose business talents were of 
the highest order and who had long stood 
before the community as a splendid type of 
the citizen whose interests are broad and 
whose labors are a manifestation of a recog- 
nition of the responsibilities of wealth as 
well as of ability in the successful control 
of commercial afifairs. His public and pri- 
vate life were one rounded whole, two per- 
fect parts of a symmetrical sphere and over 
the record of his career there falls no 
shadow of wrong nor suspicion of evil. 

Louis Rott was of the finest type of Ger- 
man-American citizen, true to his native 
land and loyal to his adopted country. 
Homestead remembers him with gratitude, 
and his name will live in the annals of Penn- 
sylvania as that of one of the representative 
men of the grand old Commonwealth. 

8 



EDMONDS, "Walter G., 

Real Estate and Insurance. 

In a growing community, the field which 
is often most alluring to business, is real 
estate investment, and it is in this channel 
that the efforts of Walter G. Edmonds have 
been directed, and, happily, with no small 
success. 

He was born in Bellaire, Ohio, May i, 
1882, son of Charles N. and Laura May 
(AWick) Edmonds. His education was ob- 
tained in the public schools of Bellaire and 
Fostoria, and he was graduated from the 
high school of Muncie, Indiana, in 1899. 
His father's business was glass manufactur- 
ing, the pursuit of which took him to 
Muncie, Indiana, and later to Washington, 
Pennsylvania. Here both father and son 
were connected with the Perfection Glass 
Company, the former as sketch holder and 
superintendent, the latter as designer. 

Abandoning the glass business, Mr. Ed- 
monds was employed by the A. B. Caldwell 
Company Department Store for three years. 
At the end of that time, in 1907, he estab- 
lished a real estate and insurance office, 
conducting all branches of each, including 
buying, selling and renting real estate both 
in and outside of Washington, and the writ- 
ing of all kinds of insurance policies — life, 
fire and accident. His business has grown 
rapidly and is conducted with the best class 
of people. His private interests are as 
owner of Washington county and Ohio coal 
lands and Washington real estate, and as 
treasurer of the Washington Drug Com- 
pany. He is an energetic young business 
man. 

He is a Republican in politics, well in- 
formed on all political questions, but never 
an office seeker or holder. He and his wife 
are members of the Second United Presby- 
terian Church, and are both active in church 
and Sunday school work. 

He married, July 6, 1905, Anna E. 
Dougherty, daughter of Dr. George Alex- 

3" 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



anda- and Rebecca M. (Colkey) Dougherty. 
Dr. George Dougherty was a native of Ire- 
land, and emigrated to America in 1840 with 
his parents, crossing the sea again in 1859 
to obtain his medical education in Glasgow, 
Scotland. He was a prominent physician 
of Washington county for many years. His 
widow still survives him. Children of Wal- 
ter G. Edmonds : Qarence George Dough- 
erty, Margaret Rebecca, Walter Roy, Ray- 
mond Charles, Harold Franklin, and Doro- 
thy Mae. 



LYNE, Wickliffe Campbell, 

Prominent liife Under^rriter. 

Wicklifife Campbell Lyne, Pittsburgh 
manager of the Union Central and senior 
ex-president of the Pittsburgh Life Under- 
writers' Association, is a Virginian by birth, 
a Pennsylvanian by residence and business 
interests for more than forty years. 

He belongs to one of the oldest and best 
families of Virginia, represented with dis- 
tinction by Colonial and Revolutionary of- 
ficers and by members of the House of Vir- 
ginia Burgesses, Congress and President's 
Cabinet. The family came originally from 
Bristol, England — the resident town of Wil- 
liam Penn — and brought with them the 
family's coat-of-arms, honored by the 
character and achievement of ancient Scotch 
and English ancestry. 

William Lyne, his great-grandfather, was 
an ardent patriot of the American Revolu- 
tion, serving on the Committee of Safety, 
1775, and colonel of minute-men, 1776, and 
before and during the Revolution as a 
prominent member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, George Washington, Thomas Jef- 
ferson, Patrick Henry, Peyton Randolph 
and Edmund Pendleton being actively asso- 
ciated with him as fellow members. Prom- 
inent also in family connection were Colonel 
George Baylor, of Washington's staflf ; Gen- 
eral Thomas Dunbar (descendant of Earl 
of Dunbar), of the French and Indian War, 
the commander-in-chief of the British 



forces in North America after Braddock's 
defeat; Sir Richard Waller, "the Hero of 
Agincourt," whose capture of the French 
Prince of Orleans added the ducal crest to 
his arms, is in the direct line of descent on 
Mr. Lyne's mother's side — Mary Dunbar 
Edwards. The congressional tariiif leader, 
William Lyne Wilson, author of the "Wil- 
son Bill" and Postmaster General in Cleve- 
land's Cabinet, was nephew of Dr. Robert 
Baylor Lyne, father of Wickliffe C. Lyne. 

W. C. Lyne, after graduating in 1870 
with honor in classics and sciences at 
Bethany College, West Virginia, engaged in 
educational work for fifteen years, serving 
with marked efficiency and success as 
principal of the Classical Academy at Bur- 
gettstown, Pennsylvania; Normal School, 
Claysville, Pennsylvania; principal of the 
Washington, Pennsylvania, high school, and 
for five years as principal of Park School in 
Pittsburgh; and lecturer for several years 
on literature and history in a normal college. 
His reputation for scholarly work brought 
him the ofier of the chair of Latin and 
Greek at Bethany College, the chair of 
belles letters from another honored insti- 
tution of learning, the presidency of a nor- 
mal college in Ohio, and of a State normal 
college in Pennsylvania. Declining these, 
he accepted the position of manager for 
Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia 
of National Life of Vermont, in which field 
his executive ability, unswerving integrity 
and business initiative made him con- 
spicuously successful. He was recognized 
by the Governor of the State as one of the 
foremost underwriters of Pennsylvania. 
His services were sought by other larger 
corporations, and he accepted the general 
management in Pittsburgh and adjoining 
territory of the Union Central — the largest 
financial institution in Ohio, and one of the 
leading great life insurance companies. He 
was one of the organizers of the Pittsburgh 
Life Underwriters, served twice as chair- 
man of the executive committee and once as 
president. His writings and discussions of 



831 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



life insurance attracted wide attention and 
were favorably noticed by the European 
press; and his addresses before Alumni Col- 
lege Associations and State conventions were 
scholarly and forcible. He was one of the 
three Pennsylvania underwriters appointed 
to secure anti-rebate legislation at Harris- 
burg, and the successful passage of this bill 
was followed by similar statutes in over 
forty States. 

Mr. L>iie has been identified with civic 
and public interests, serving on the director- 
ate of a national bank, trust company, and 
insurance company, and as trustee of the 
Pittsburgh Art Society, the Mozart Musical 
Society, board of directors of Bethany Col- 
lege, Sons of American Revolution, and as 
a member of the Academy of Science and 
Art. Historical Society, the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science of 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the Pitts- 
burgh Chamber of Commerce and the 
Duquesne Club. 

Mr. Lyne's children are: Wicklifife 
Bull, of Princeton, 1901 ; Robert Addison, 
Sarah Harman and Virginia Brown. His 
wife, Mary Winters, deceased, was a 
Colonial Dame by direct descent of Gover- 
nors Henry Bull, William Hutchison and 
John Coggeshall, Colonial executives of 
Rhode Island and founders of Portsmouth 
and Newport. 



BOOTH, James J., 

I<ai-ge Contractor, Financier. 

Few men in Pittsburgh are better known 
and none are more highly respected than 
is James J. Booth, for many years head of 
the famous contracting firm of Booth & 
Flinn, but now withdrawn from the arena 
of business. Mr. Booth has been for more 
than half a century a resident of the Iron 
City and is officially connected with a num- 
ber of her leading financial institutions, be- 
ing also closely associated with her political, 
fraternal and social life. 

James J. Booth was born June 13, 1836, 



in Dukinfield, Cheshire, England, son of 
Jonathan and Ellen (Hines) Booth, both of 
whom were bred in that neighborhood. In 
early life he was placed at work in a cotton 
mill, but ambition was a marked feature in 
his character and he was not satisfied to 
face a future circumscribed by the walls of 
a factory. Being denied his wish to learn 
the bricklayer's trade, he ran away from 
home in 1854 and came to the United 
States, settling in Pittsburgh, where he 
found employment on the river, but soon 
secured an opportunity to gratify his long- 
cherished desire. After learning the trade 
and for a time working both independently 
and as a journeyman, he began in 1869 to 
take contracts for street construction and 
buildings. In 1878 the firm of Booth & 
Flinn was established, and five years later 
began to manufacture brick. The work of 
the firm was for some years limited chiefly 
to street paving and they constructed many 
of the finest streets in Pittsburgh, including 
Winebiddle, Linden and Simon avenues and 
McPherson and Barton streets. They also 
paved Perm, Liberty and Second avenues 
with Belgian blocks. Gradually enlarging 
the original scope of their undertakings, 
they built in 1888 the Citizens' Traction rail- 
way and the following year the Central, 
soon becoming the leading contractors of 
Pittsburgh. At the present day this great 
concern builds railways and bores tunnels 
through mountains as easily as in earlier 
days it paved an ordinary street. This phe- 
nomenal success is mainly due to the sys- 
tematic management, resolute courage and 
great tenacity of purpose of Mr. Booth. 
Fertile in resources and alert to seize op- 
portunity, of kindly disposition and invari- 
ably just, he endeared himself to his asso- 
ciates and subordinates, winning their most 
loyal co-operation. 

Mr. Booth has retired from the firm in 
order to devote more time to his extensive 
private interests. He is a director of the 
Commercial National Bank, the Common- 
wealth Trust Company and the Oakland 



832 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Savings and Trust Company, holding the 
office of vice-president in the last-named in- 
stitution. He is also a director in the 
National Fire-Proofing Company. Al- 
though no longer engaged in business he is 
the custodian of numerous interests none of 
which he allows to suffer for lack of close 
and able attention and industry. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as suc- 
cessful in business as is Mr. Booth takes 
the keen and helpful interest in civic affairs 
which he has ever manifested. Affiliating 
with the Republicans and always fully 
posted on the subject of politics, he is fre- 
(juently consulted in regard to matters of 
municipal importance. As the owner of 
considerable real estate he has done much 
for the development of certain sections of 
the city, possessing as he does clear and 
sound judgment in regard to the dormant 
possibilities of landed property. No good 
work done in the name of charity or religion 
seeks his co-operation in vain and his bene- 
factions are bestowed with rare discrimina- 
tion and thoroughness. He is president and 
director of St. Francis' Hospital, contribut- 
ing liberally to the aid and support of other 
benevolent institutions. He belongs to the 
Botanical Society of Western Pennsylvania 
and is a past master in the Masonic fra- 
ternity, also affiliating with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and the Knights 
Templar. He is a member of Trinity Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, aiding generously 
in its work and support. 

The career of Mr. Booth demonstrates 
the possibilities for successful accomplish- 
ment in the business world — possibilities 
that exist only for the man able to avail 
himself of them, and this Mr. Booth has 
abundantly proved himself to be. Through 
energy, perseverance and honorable dealing 
he has acquired not only a handsome com- 
petence but the respect of the entire com- 
munity and a position of merited prom- 
inence. His skill as an organizer and his in- 
sight into character which enabled him to 
put the right man in the right place were 



important factors in his prosperity. His 
face is that of the ideal self-made man, the 
man whose sources of success are in his own 
nature and not in outward circumstances. 
It is the face of one who has prospered not 
only by reason of strong will and ex- 
ceptional ability, but by sterling integrity, a 
genial, kindly disposition and an unaffected 
liking for his fellow beings, — the face of a 
man who has smiled on the world and the 
world has smiled on him. 

Mr. Booth married, March 4, 1861, Pris- 
cilla Jane, daughter of Samuel and Drucilla 
Turbot, of Irish extraction, and they are 
the parents of the following children: 
Ellen, widow of Harry E. Bray ; Ulrich 
Dahlgren; Carrie; Ethel May; and Blanche 
Olive. 

A man of domestic tastes, Mr. Booth has 
always been devoted to his home and family 
and it has ever been one of his greatest 
pleasures to gather his friends about him at 
his own fireside. He is one of the few now 
living who can remember the Pittsburgh of 
"sixty years since." Through a period of 
three score years he has watched the marvel- 
ous growth of the now world-famed city 
and nobly has he contributed to its promo- 
tion. May the Pittsburgh of the future be 
able to boast of many citizens of the type 
of James J. Booth ! 



MEILY, John Jr., 

Iron Manufacturer, 

The lineal descent of John ]\Ieily (de- 
ceased) is from John Meily, born in 1776, 
died 1S44, and his wife, who was a daugh- 
ter of Martin Oberholzer, born 1733, died 
181 5. These are two ancient and well 
known Lebanon county families, and John 
Meily, for many years one of the leading 
manufacturers of Lebanon, was well known 
and highly esteemed in commercial and 
private circles over the State of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a grandson of John Meily 
and son of Martin Meily, a well known 
character in Lebanon county history. 



833 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Martin Meily was born in 1801, and 
furnished a striking example of the self- 
made, self-reliant man, who rose in life by 
sheer power of will and energy. Reared 
upon the farm, he had none of the advant- 
ages of early education, but soon realized 
that this was too serious a handicap to 
carry through life. He learned the potter's 
trade, and also began a course of home 
study and reading that in a few years 
placed him intellectually far above his as- 
sociates and prominently before the pub- 
lic. His fitness was recognized, and after 
reaching man's estate he was elected justice 
of the peace, re-elected, serving in all ten 
years, and for three years was a commis- 
sioned notary public. Being quick to see 
and avail himself of an opportunity for ad- 
vancement, he seized such time as could be 
spared from his public duties and devoted 
himself to the study of law, particularly the 
law of real estate, affecting titles to prop- 
erty. He became an expert authority on 
this subject and was elected surveyor of 
Lebanon county. So highly was he re- 
garded in this office that he was several 
times re-elected. His home was in Bethel 
township (now Lebanon), then Dauphin 
county, but prior to the birth of his son John. 
he moved to Mechanicsburg, Cumberland 
county. Martin Meily married, in 1823, 
Magdalene Groh, born in 1798, daughter of 
John Groh, of Bethel township. Children: 
Benjamin; John (2), and Jacob. 

John Meily, son of Martin and Magda- 
lene (Groh) Meily, was born at Mechanics- 
burg, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
and died April 3, 1902. He was 
educated in the public schools and began 
business life as clerk in a Mechanics- 
burg store. Later he returned to the old 
home in Lebanon county, where he estab- 
lished a transportation business, both 
freight and passenger on the old Union 
Canal, with offices at Jonestown and Mid- 
dletown, Pennsylvania. Later he was con- 
nected with a mercantile house in Philadel- 
phia and resided in that city. About i860 



he engaged in the iron business, with which 
he was famiHar, in partnership with his 
cousin, Henry Meily, at Middletown. In 
1867, in association with Richard Meily 
and Lyman Nutting (now deceased), he 
built the Lebanon Valley Furnace, which in 
partnership with Richard Meily, he con- 
tinued to operate until his death. This 
became one of the leading industries of Le- 
banon and its success was largely due to 
his thorough knowledge of every detail 
of the business, his wise executive ability, 
tact and high sense of honor, which guar- 
anteed absolutely fair treatment to cus- 
tomers and employee alike. In addition to 
his iron interests he was president of the 
Lebanon County Insurance Company. He 
became well known throughout the State as 
an iron manufacturer and a public spirited 
influential citizen. In early life a Whig, 
he transferred his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party and was closely identified 
with its interests in Lebanon county, 
although never desiring office for himself. 

Notwithstanding his preference for pri- 
vate life, he was once induced, while living 
at Jonestown, to accept a nomination on the 
Whig ticket for the State Legislature. 
Although elected by a large majority, he 
ever afterward declined all offers of public 
office. He used his personal popularity 
solely for the advancement of his political 
friends, and through them serving the coun>- 
ty's best interests. For many years he was 
a member of St. John's Reformed Church, 
of Lebanon, a consistent Christian, and 
prominently identified with that congrega- 
tion until his death. Few men enjoyed in 
higher degree, than John Meily, the respect 
and esteem of their f ellowmen and his death 
was most sincerely mourned. 

He married (first) Helrn Halter of 
Washington, D. C, who was connected with 
leading Lebanon families. She died Feb- 
ruary 25, 1873. He married (second) 
Katherine De Huff, member of the old Le- 
banon family of that name, so well known 
in this portion of the state. Children of 



834 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John and Helen (Halter) Meily: James, 
of Philadelphia, deceased; John, of Le- 
banon; Mary, of Lebanon; Helen, wife of 
Edward M. Taylor, of Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. 



WALLACE, John Clarke. 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

To her citizens of Irish birth, Pittsburgh 
owes an incalculable debt of gratitude, in- 
asmuch as her world-fame as the industrial 
centre of civilization is largely the result 
of the versatile genius and indefatigable in- 
dustry of these representatives of an ag- 
gressive and indomitable race. In the front 
rank of those Irish-born citizens who, dur- 
ing the closing decades of the nineteenth 
century, helped to make Pittsburgh great, 
was the late John C. Wallace, for many 
years president of the Wallace & Banfield 
Company, and for a quarter of a century 
known as one of the iron and steel magnates 
of his adopted city. It was, however, not 
alone with the manufacturing interests of 
Pittsburgh that Mr. Wallace was identified. 
In all the essential elements of the life of his 
community he exerted a strong and benefi- 
cent influence. 

John Clarke Wallace was born July 21, 
1844, 'ri Londonderry, Ireland, and was a 
son of John and Jane (Wallace) Wallace. 
The boy was educated in his native country, 
and at the age of seventeen emigrated to 
the United States. His brother Thomas, 
now of New Alexandria, Pennsylvania, and 
a sister who became the wife of John C. 
Kirkpatrick, of Pittsburgh, also came to 
seek their fortunes in the New World, 
another brother and sister, Moses and 
Sarah, remaining in Ireland. 

For two years after his arrival in this 
country Mr. Wallace was engaged in the 
dry goods business, and in 1865 he opened 
a large shoe store at Liberty avenue and 
Market street. The remarkable success of 
the venture demonstrated both his innate 
ability and the extent to which he had prof- 



ited by his brief experience. In 1878, in 
association with the late John C. Kirk- 
patrick, he engaged in the iron business, 
and the partners established a mill at Leech- 
burg where they manufactured steel and 
iron by a process of their own. In 1882 
Mr. Wallace, as president of the Wallace 
& Banfield Company, erected a tin plant at 
Irondale, Ohio, in which he retained his in- 
terest until it was absorbed in 1900 by the 
United States Steel Corporation. He 
showed marked ability in the execution of 
every detail of the important business with 
which he was connected, being not only a 
strong and capable officer, true to every 
trust, but a man who by his splendid per- 
sonal qualities endeared himself to his 
brother officers and to all who came into 
close relations with him. His conduct to- 
ward his employes was marked by the ut- 
most justice and kindliness and in return 
he received from them such loyal service 
and enthusiastic attachment as are rarely 
accorded by subordinates to a man in his 
position. 

In all concerns relative to the city's wel- 
fare Mr. Wallace's interest was deep and 
sincere, and wherever substantial aid would 
further public progress it was freely given. 
Politically he was a Republican, and as a 
vigilant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, holding sound opinions and tak- 
ing liberal views, his ideas carried weight 
among those with whom he discussed pub- 
lic problems. He was interested in many 
charitable and benevolent enterprises and 
was liberal in his gifts along the lines of 
religious and philanthropic effort. Posses- 
sing a remarkable faculty of discerning the 
dormant possibilities of real estate, he was 
the owner of much landed property and 
built the Wallace Block in Wilkinsburg. 
For nine years he was a director in the 
National Bank of Western Pennsylvania. 
He was a member of the Third Presby- 
terian Church, with the work of which he 
was prominently identified. Among the 
leading characteristics of Mr. Wallace were 



835 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



indomitable perseverance, boldness of 
operation, unusual capacity for judging the 
motives and merits of men, unimpeacliable 
integrity and unfailing loyalty to friends. 
These traits were stamped upon his resolute 
countenance and revealed in the searching 
glance of his clear eye. Genial and court- 
eous on all occasions, he possessed a most 
attractive personality, and this, in combina- 
tion with his sterling qualities of manhood, 
gained for him public confidence and esteem 
and the warm affection of a host of friends. 

Mr. Wallace married, in Leechburg, 
Pennsylvania, April i6, 1878, Anna M., 
daughter of William W. and Hannah 
(Everson) Foale, and they became the 
parents of two children: Lillian Wallace, 
who is of charming personality and ex- 
tremely popular in Pittsburgh society, and 
John Foale, who died February 8, 
1904. Mrs. Wallace, a woman of rare 
wifely qualities and admirably fitted by her 
excellent practical mind to be a helpmate 
to her husband in his aspirations and am- 
bitions, is prominent in the social and 
charitable circles of the city, continuing in 
her widowhood the benevolent labors in 
which she and- her husband were so long 
united. Mr. Wallace was a man of strong 
domestic affections and the happiest hours 
of his busy life were those passed at his 
own fireside. The city residence of the 
family was a centre of hospitality as was 
their beautiful summer home at Somerset, 
Pennsylvania. 

The death of Mr. Wallace, which oc- 
curred December 23, 1906, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her foremost citizens and 
most respected, able and high-minded busi- 
ness men, one whose every action was 
governed by the loftiest principles, who 
fulfilled to the letter every trust committed 
to him and was generous in his feelings and 
conduct toward all. John Clarke Wallace 
was a leader in the development of a colos- 
sal industry, a citizen earnest, upright and 
progressive, and a man irreproachable in 
every relation of life. Could there be a 
higher eulogy? 



MILLER, Robert H., 

Physician. 

While the general trend of migration in 
all ages of the world has been constantly 
westward, and the whole history of the 
United States, whether general or local or 
biographical, shows that this tendency has 
strongly operated in this country and pro- 
foundly affected the course of its affairs, 
exceptions are noted from time to time in 
the persons of individuals who have come 
from the more vigorous west to the older 
and more settled communities of the east, 
finding their best opportunity in a reversal 
of the general drift. Among these is Dr. 
Robert Horace Miller, the osteopathist, of 
Washington, Pennsylvania, who is a native 
of College Springs, Iowa. He was brought 
up in the west, received his whole technical 
education in the west, entered first into busi- 
ness in the west, and his parents are both 
still living in Iowa ; yet his professional 
career has been wholly spient in the State to 
which his parents belong by birth, and to 
which be has in a later generation returned. 

John H. and Elizabeth Taylor (Elgin) 
Miller were both born in Indiana county, 
Pennsylvania, but had never met until they 
were settled in the trans-Mississippi region. 
Before removing to Iowa, John H. Miller 
had served in the Civil War. He enlisted 
three times, and his total service amounted 
to more than three years, in the 135th, 
206th and 200th Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Regiments. Entering as a private, he was 
mustered out as a second lieutenant. In 
1866 he removed to Iowa and settled near 
College Springs. About the same time the 
Elgin family removed and lived in the same 
neighborhood. Here Mr. and Mrs. Miller 
met and were married, and in Iowa their 
son was born, April 23, 1869. His father 
is still a farmer in Iowa. 

Robert Horace Miller was brought up 
on the Iowa farm, assisting in the general 
work, and attended public school in the 
neighboring village of College Springs. 
Amity College is also at College Springs, 



836 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and here he studied after finishing his 
preparatory work. For three years he then 
taught school, after which time he was en- 
gaged in newspaper work at College Springs 
and at Clearfield, Iowa, for two years. In 
1898 he entered the American School of 
Osteopathy at Kirksville, Missouri. On 
his graduation with the degree of Doctor 
of Osteopathy in 1900, he came directly to 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, for 
practice, and here he has remained and prac- 
ticed successfully. The office which he then 
opened in the Brown Building he occupies to 
the present time. He is a member of the 
Western Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania 
State, and the National Societies of Osteo- 
pathy. In politics he is independent ; while 
always interested in matters of public im- 
portance, he has never sought office. 

He married, June 20, 1901, Clara C, 
daughter of Rev. Horatio W. and Mary 
(McGinnis) Brown, of Wooster, Ohio. 
They are members of the First United Pres- 
byterian Church, in which Dr. Miller is an 
elder. He is active in church and Sunday 
school work, a man of excellent reputation, 
highly esteemed as a citizen and as a man. 



SAUL, Charles R., 

President of the "Columbia Storage Ware- 
houses," Incorporated. 

According to family records, the Saul 
family has been in this country for nearly 
two hundred years. It was of that sturdy 
German immigration which contributed so 
largely to the development of Pennsylvania, 
coming immediately after the English 
Quaker colonists who came with Penn. 
They gave their name to Germantown, in 
the outskirts of Philadelphia, hence they 
dispersed throughout the interior. As early 
as 1725 there were 50,000 German settlers 
in the province, and twenty-five years later 
they constituted one-third of the entire 
population. For some time they were 
averse to participation in political affairs, 
and on that account were overshadowed by 



the English Quakers. Conditions changed, 
however, and in subsequent years they be- 
came a controlling political power, and for 
years it was a common remark that "as the 
Germans vote, so goes the State." But it 
must be said that in whatever period in the 
history of the commonwealth, the German 
influence was ever for the pubhc welfare, 
and well ordered personal lives. 

The Saul family emigrated from Ger- 
many to Pennsylvania about 1720, settling 
first near Philadelphia but came to Berks 
county in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century, since which time the name has been 
frequent, in Maiden Creek and Maxataw- 
ney townships. 

Jacob Saul, born in Maiden Creek town- 
ship, in 1829, died in Leesport, Berks 
county, in 1882. He was for many years 
a trusted employee of the Schuylkill Canal 
Company, having charge of the locks and 
collecting the tolls for canal boat passage in 
the section of which Leesport was the 
principal point. He married, in Berks 
county, Mary Catherine Barlet, and left 
surviving issue: Martha, who married 
Isaac P. Merkel ; Sallie who married 
Charles Schlear; and Charles Reuben. 

Charles Reuben Saul, son of Jacob and 
Mary Catherine (Barlet) Saul, was born at 
Leesport, Berks county, Pennsylvania, Au- 
gust 18, 1855. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools there, and received a commercial 
training in a business college in Reading, 
Pennsylvania. He entered upon business 
life as bookkeeper for J. L. Stichter & Son, 
in Reading, proprietors of what was widely 
known as "The Old White Store," on the 
site of an old Indian trading post conducted 
by Conrad Weiser. After continuing in 
that occupation for about eight years, Mr. 
Saul located in New York City, where he 
engaged in the produce commission busi- 
ness. Later he established the Clinton Stor- 
age Warehouses at Thirty-fifth street, near 
Second avenue. In 1891 he greatly ex- 
panded his business by the establishment of 
the Columbia Storage Warehouses at 



»37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Columbus avenue and Sixty-seventh street, 
and in 1900 the business was incorporated 
as the "Columbia Storage Warehouses," 
with Mr. Saul as president, a position which 
he has continuously occupied to the present 
time, and with entire success, the establish- 
ment comprising five large storage ware- 
houses, and one of the largest in the city 
of New York. 

Mr. Saul is also actively identified with 
various financial and commercial institu- 
tions; he is a member of the directorate of 
the Gotham National Bank of New York 
City ; and is a member and former president 
of the New York Furniture Warehouse- 
men's Association. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and vice- 
president of the City Society of the Meth- 
odist Church of New York, and a member 
of the Board of Foreign Missions of the 
Church. His active support is given to 
numerous educational and humanitarian in- 
stitutions. He is a trustee of Drew Sem- 
inary, at Carmel ; a member of the board 
of managers and also treasurer of the New 
York Deaconess Home and Training 
School; and a member of the Society for 
the Prevention of Crime. He is also a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society in 
New York City. In politics he is a Re- 
publican of the best type, ever consistently 
upholding lofty ideals of political conduct 
and public service. 

Mr. Saul married, at Reading, Pennsyl- 
vania, September 5, 1878, Ahce Stroud, 
born in Berks county, daughter of Edward 
and Susan (Hetrich) Stroud. Child of 
Mr. and Mrs. Saul: Lulu Mabel, born in 
Reading, Pennsylvania; married Charles S. 
Montgomery; children, born in New York 
City: Alice G. Montgomery, in 1896, and 
Katharine Smith Montgomery, in 191 3. 



HARDEST, Thomas S., 

IiOwyeT, Jurist. 

The life of Judge Thomas S. Hargest, of 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, is one of which 



he may justly feel proud in every relation 
of life. His ancestral history is of con- 
siderable antiquity, and is English in both 
paternal and maternal lines. His father, 
William E. Hargest, was born in 1819 and 
died November 11, 1872. He married 
Rachel A. Taylor, who was born in 1827, 
and died in Harrisburg at the age of eighty 
years. They had children : Henry C. ; 
William E. ; Taylor Filmore ; Mary, who 
married Charles H. Kemp; Rose Albia, 
who married Charles Raymond ; John 
James, married (first) Susan E. Zarker, 
(second) Mary K. Whiteman; Jefferson 
S. ; Thomas S. 

Judge Thomas S. Hargest was born in 
Baltimore county, Maryland, November 24, 
1846, and his early education was acquired 
in the public schools located near his home. 
All of his spare time was devoted to assist- 
ing his father in the cultivation of the 
market garden of the latter, getting this 
produce ready for the market, and helping 
to transport it there. When he was four- 
teen years of age his parents removed with 
their family to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
where they were occupied in the same man- 
ner as they had been in Maryland. The 
farm on which the family located in Harris- 
burg was in the eastern portion of the city, 
and the present residence of Judge Hargest 
is situated upon a portion of it. In the 
latter part of 1863, when he was but seven- 
teen years of age, young Hargest collected 
a company of about thirty men, obtained 
military transportation for them to Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, and upon his 
arrival there, entered the Union army as a 
wagonmaster. Later he was appointed 
transportation clerk in the depot of the 
Quartermaster's Department, at Charles- 
ton, West Virginia; and in the fall and 
winter of 1864 as assistant-brigade wagon- 
master, at Martinsburg, West Virginia, he 
furnished supplies to Sheridan's Army, then 
located in the Shenandoah Valley. On May 
I, 1865, he was discharged from military 
service at Stephenson's Station, Virginia. 



838 




/%7^1-x 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



During this period of military activity he 
had become acquainted with Hfe in the more 
southerly States, and decided to make his 
home there. He accordingly located in 
Winchester, Virginia, and there commenced 
the study of law, in which he won so en- 
viable a reputation subsequently. He had 
no preceptor, but he invested his savings 
in the books needful for the carrying out 
of his plan, and his determination and am- 
bition, combined with an unusually level 
head, enabled him to carry out his purpose 
to a successful issue. August 6, 1867, after 
a personal examination before two of the 
circuit court judges — Judge Richard 
Parker, who had presided at the trial of the 
famous John Brown, and Judge John T. 
Harris, who subsequently represented the 
Virginia Valley of the Shenandoah in Con- 
gress — he was admitted to the bar, and be- 
came a leader in the legal fraternity in that 
section of the country. In 1868 Judge Har- 
gest was appointed commonwealth attorney 
for Shenandoah county, Virginia, in place 
of Hon. Mark Bird who, although elected 
by the people of the county, was incapaci- 
tated by the fourteenth amendment to the 
Constitution of the United States. Judge 
Hargest made Mr. Bird his deputy, and 
gave him the fees and emoluments of the 
office. After the retirement of Judge John 
T. Harris, Judge Hargest was appointed 
early in the year 1869 a judge of the 
Twelfth Judicial Circuit Court of Virginia, 
by the then military governor of the State, 
General E. R. S. Canby, who was murdered 
by Captain Jack, the Indian chief. Until 
the admission of the State to representation 
in Congress, he also served as judge of the 
District Court of Appeals, and his sterling 
integrity and strict sense of justice gained 
him the approbation of all. Upon his re- 
turn to Winchester, Virginia, he resumed 
his law practice there, and continued this 
until the death of his father late in 1872, 
when he removed to Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, which has been his home since that 
time. He was elected city solicitor of 



Harrisburg in 1876, and was continuously 
re-elected to that office until his retirement 
from it in 1890, at which time he resumed 
his general practice of the law. Numerous 
important cases have been entrusted to him, 
among them being a number against the 
street railway companies, in which he de- 
fended the rights of the city, and gained his 
points. Judge Hargest is a member of Post 
No. 58, Grand Army of the Republic, of 
Harrisburg. He recollects with pride hav- 
ing been present at a public reception 
tendered by President Lincoln, January i, 
1S64, at Washington, District of Columbia. 
All his life he has given his active support 
to the principles of the Republican party, 
deeming them the best for the general good 
of the community. 

Judge Hargest married, April 3, 1867, 
at Winchester, Virginia, Virginia, a daugh- 
ter ot William and Harriet Diefifenderfer, 
of German ancestry but born in Virginia ; 
Mrs. Hargest died at Harrisburg, August 
13, 1886. Children: William M., an at- 
torney of Harrisburg, who has held profes- 
sional official position for a number of 
years, married Oara Gallien ; lone Leila, 
married E. L. King, an attorney of Harris- 
burg. Broadminded and liberal in his 
ideas. Judge Hargest has been a leading 
spirit in many projects which were greatly 
to the benefit of the city. 



FLINN, William. 

Man of Affairs, Public Ofadal. 

Hon. William Flinn, president and chair- 
man of the firm of Booth & Flinn, Limited, 
contractors, has been for many years a 
prominent factor in the business world and 
in the political arena of Pennsylvania. As 
State Senator and member of the House oV 
Representatives, Mr. Flinn has accom- 
plished much for the welfare of the Com- 
monwealth, and in local politics as well as 
in business his influence has always been 
exerted for the progress and improvement 
of his home city. 



839 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William Flinn was born May 26, 1851, 
in Manchester, England. His parents were 
both natives of Ireland. The year of his 
birth, his parents emigrated to the United 
States, settling in Pittsburgh, where his 
father became a well known citizen. The 
boy William attended the city schools until 
the age of nme years, but though his life in 
the class-room ended so early he never 
abandoned the quest of knowledge, and few 
men have a wider range of general infor- 
mation. After leaving school the lad was 
variously employed in the brickyards until 
he became old enough to be apprenticed to 
the trade of brass finishing and gas and 
steam fitting. At the expiration of his 
time, with that aggressiveness which has 
ever characterized him, he became a con- 
tractor. From the beginning he was suc- 
cessful, and in 1877 formed a partnership 
with James J. Booth, under the firm name 
of Booth & FHnn, Limited. The enterprise 
prospered, and the concern is today engaged 
in general contracting of all kinds, many of 
the largest undertakings ever successfully 
carried out in the history of constructive 
work about Pittsburgh and in many other 
sections of the United States being placed 
to its credit. Of the construction of the 
Mount Washington tunnel (which created a 
new residence district for Pittsburgh in 
which thousands of workers in the city have 
found homes but fifteen or twenty minutes 
from the business centre), it may be said, 
without exaggeration that this masterpiece 
of construction was practically the means 
of creating new towns, and the strength of 
intellect and tenacity of purpose possessed 
by William Flinn were the agents chiefly 
instrumental in its execution. 

In the conduct of his various enterprises 
Mr. Flinn has proved himself to be en- 
dowed with the power of handling large 
bodies of men and of co-ordinating their 
energies with skill and efficiency, at the 
same time avoiding the error into which a 
man of weaker brain and smaller heart 
would inevitable fall — that of regarding his 



employes merely as parts of a great 
machine. On the contrary, he recognizes 
their individuality, making it a rule that 
faithful and efficient service shall be 
promptly rewarded with promotion as op- 
portunity offers, a fact which has had no 
small share in determining his phenomenal 
success. His clear andi far-seeing mind 
enables him to grasp every detail of a pro- 
ject, however great in magnitude, and this, 
combined with his marvelous facility in 
tlie dispatch of business, has made it pos- 
sible for him to accept a number of re- 
sponsible positions in different industrial 
and financial organizations. He is pres- 
ident and director of the Duquesne Lumber 
Company, the Pittsburgh Lumber Company, 
and the Pittsburgh Silver Peak Gold Min- 
ing Company ; vice-president and director 
of the .Sharon Water Works Company; and 
a director of the Arkansas Fuel Oil Com- 
pany, the Arkansas Natural Gas Company, 
the Gulf Oil Corporation, the Manufactur- 
ers' Light and Heat Company, and the 
Pittsburgh Coal Company. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Flinn 
stands in the front rank, and wherever sub- 
stantial aid will further public progress it 
is freely given. Ever ready to respond to 
any deserving call made upon him, no good 
work done in the name of charity or re- 
ligion seeks his co-operation in vain. He is 
vice-president and trustee of the Elizabeth 
Steel Magee Hospital, a director and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the West- 
ern Pennsylvania Hospital, a member of the 
advisory board of the Indtistrial Home for 
Crippled Children, and a director of the 
Pittsburgh R-Iaternity Dispensary. He be- 
longs to the Duquesne and Union clubs. 

In early manhood Mr. Flinn became ac- 
tively interested in politics, but has only 
once consented to hold office in the munic- 
ipalit)^ that instance having occurred in 
1877, when he was elected to the board of 
Fire Commissioners. For many years he 
has been a recognized power in the Re- 



840 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



publican party, being invariably consulted in 
regard to all questions of moment. His 
public spirit and rapidity of judgment have 
enabled him in the midst of incessant busi- 
ness activity to give to the affairs of the 
community effort and counsel of genuine 
value, and his penetrating thought has often 
added wisdom to public movements. From 
1879 to 1881 he was a member of the 
House of Representatives, and from 1884 
to 1912 he served as a delegate to Repub- 
lican national conventions. In i8go he was 
elected to the State Senate, and in 1894 and 
1898 received the tribute of re-elections. 
While at Harrisburg, Mr. Flinn was a most 
important factor in legislation. He was the 
author of the famous "good-roads law," 
which has proved of such signal benefit to 
the State. He is an excellent public 
speaker, being versatile, logical and enter- 
taining. For twenty years Mr. Flinn has 
been chairman of the Republican City 
Executive Committee of Pittsburgh, and in 
this position his wide knowledge of muni- 
cipal affairs, combined with his capable and 
faithful discharge of duty, has made his 
services particularly valuable. 

A genial man of optimistic spirit, the 
briefest conversation with Mr. Flinn re- 
veals his ability and the versatility of his 
talents. Mentally and physically he is on 
a large scale. Six feet in height and weigh- 
ing two hundred pounds, he is in every 
sense a formidable antagonist and a well- 
nigh invincible champion. He is a known 
quantity, with a genius for leadership, and 
it is said of him that "his headquarters are 
where he is" — a sentence which aptly de- 
scribes the man. It may be said, too, that 
he has won by original ideas, whether it be 
in business or politics. His self-reliance 
never fails him and his accurate knowledge 
of men has enabled him to fill the various 
branches of his business with assistants who 
seldom fail to meet his expectations. His 
keen eyes, which send their searching glance 
through eye-glasses with a power which 
seems to pierce the very souls of those whom 



he addresses, are yet kindly in expression, 
and his manner, quick and decisive though 
it be, is invariably courteous. Absolute 
honesty, unflagging interest in a multitude 
of different activities, a sense of humor, 
rare social tact and an unaffected liking for 
his fellow-beings — these are the traits which 
have made William Flinn what he is — one 
of the most popular men in the city of Pitts- 
burgh or the State of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Flinn married, in 1874, Nancy Gal- 
braith, and they are the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: George H., Ralph E., W. 
A., Alexander R., Mary S., and Edith G. 
A man of strong domestic tastes and affec- 
tions, Mr. Flinn is devoted to his home and 
family. "Braemar," his beautiful residence 
in the East End, is a center of hospitality 
and the scene of many social functions. 
The whole family are extremely popular in 
Pittsburgh society. 

William Flinn is a man whose person- 
ality, in combination with his record as 
a business man and political leader, re- 
calls the imposing figures of the old-time 
Pittsburghers — those pioneers who laid the 
strong foundation on which has risen the 
fair fabric of the present prosperity and 
prestige of the Iron City. He is one of the 
men who do large things. Both industrially 
and politically he may be called one of the 
makers, not of Pittsburgh alone, but also of 
Western Pennsylvania. Summoned by the 
Keystone State to serve her in positions of 
public trust, he has ably and faithfully ful- 
filled her behests, and there is little doubt 
that in the coming years she will require 
him to assume still greater responsibilities. 



THE SPROAT FAMILY in America. 

(Compiled from Family and Official Records by 
Harris Elric Sproat, Westtown, Ches- 
ter County, Pennsylvania). 

The name of "Sproat" is Danish ; in earlier 
centuries it has been written "Sproutt" and 
"Sprout," but during the past two centuries 
Sproat. 

Robert Sproat — Ancestry: Son of Sir 



841 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James Sproat, knighted during the reign of 
Queen Ehzabeth. This arms granted and 
confirmed 1581 to Sir James Sproat, of 
Kelfield, in the county of York, England, 
Knight or descendant of Elrick of Scot- 
land. Arms, viz. : "He beareth azure three 
leopard faces or in chief, argent three mul- 
letts sable. Crest — On a wreath, or, boar's 
head carped." (Note ancient seal in the fam- 
ily). Descent from "Elric" and "Sproat," 
who settled in the East Riding of York at 
the invasion of England by William the 
Conqueror (see Domesday Book). 

Personal — After leaving England he first 
settled in Jamaica, W. I., then came to 
America and acquired land in Duxbury, 
1634; at Scituate, 1660; also at Middleboro, 
Massachusetts. (References, viz. : Hist, of 
Duxbury, by Winsor, page 320; Savage's 
Dictionary First Settlers of New England, 
vol. iv, page 158; Hist, of Scituate, Mass., 
page 340, by Deane). Died at his home in 
Middleboro, Massachusetts, in 1712. His 
will, among other children, mentions Eben- 
ezer. Will dated 23rd November, 171 1, pro- 
bated December nth, 1712. Reg. vol. 3, 
page 222, Plymouth County Registry of 
Probate. 

Married Elizabeth (died after 23rd Nov., 
171 1 ), daughter of Henry Sampson, passen- 
ger in the "May Flower," arrived at Cape 
Cod, November 21st, 1620. Who married, 
February 6th, 1636, Ann Plummer. Will 
of Henry Sampson mentions his daughter, 
Elizabeth Sproat (see will and inventory 
recorded Plymouth Colony Wills & Inven- 
tories, vol. 4, part 2, page 94-95). (Refer- 
ences, viz. : The May Flower Descendants, 
vol. 2, Apr., 1900, No. 2, page 119, vol. 2, 
July, 1900, No. 3, page 142, vol. 4, part 2, 
pages 94-95. The Pilgrim Republic, by God- 
win, pages 184-187-294. Bradford's Hist, 
of Plimoth Plantations, pages 532-537. Sav- 
age's Die. First Settlers of New England, 
vol. 4, page 10. Ancient Landmarks of 
Plymouth, by Davis, part I, page 221, part 
II, page 226. Hist, of Duxbury, by Win- 
sor, pages 67-90-240-300-348) . Issue — Eight 



children, viz. : ist, Marcy, born 1661 ; 2nd, 
Elizabeth, born 1664; 3rd, Mary, born 1666; 
4th, Robert, born 1669, died June, 1690, 
in Expedition to Canada; 5th, Anne, born 
1671 ; 6th, James, born 1673 ; 7th, Ebenezer 
(see below) ; 8th, Hannah. 

Lieutenant Ebenezer Sproat — Ancestry: 
Seventh child of Robert Sproat (see above). 
Personal: Born 1676, Scituate, Massachu- 
setts ; resided at Scituate and Middleboro, 
Massachusetts. Died September 20th, 1726, 
in 52nd year. His tombstone at Old Ceme- 
tery at the Green, Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts. His will, dated 8th September, 1726, 
mentions wife Experience, and among other 
children his son James (see below). For 
references see under Robert Sproat (above 
mentioned). Married Experience Hawes, 
died November 9th, 1758, in her 74th year. 
Her tombstone in Old Cemetery at the 
Green, !\Iiddleboro, Massachusetts. Issue^ — 
Five children, viz.: ist. Thankful, born 
1705; 2nd, Abigail, born 1709; 3rd, Mary; 
4th, James (see below) ; 5th, Ebenezer, died 
1-23-1786, height 6ft. 4in., colonel during 
revolution, aide to General Washington at 
Cambridge, captain 1766- 1775; a selectman 
in Middleboro, 1748; town clerk, seven 
years ; town treasurer, two years ; repre- 
sentative, 1755-1774; justice of the peace, 
1775; major of First Regiment at com- 
mencement of Revolution (see Hist, of 
Middleboro, Town Records of Middle- 
boro). He had issue, four children, viz.: 
(a) Ebenezer Sproat, born 1752, died 1805; 
he was uncommonly tall ; a colonel in the 
militia. When the British took possession of 
Newport he performed a tour of duty with 
his regiment. He was the first sheriff of 
Washington county. Territory Northwest of 
the Ohio, and held that office fourteen years 
consecutively. Named by the Indians "He- 
tuck," i. e., "The Buckeye." (b) Thomas 
Sproat, lieutenant, (c) James Sproat, a 
lawyer at Taunton, (d) Samuel Sproat, 
died 1816. 

Rev. James Sproat, D. D. — Ancestry: 
Fourth child of Lieut. Ebenezer Sproat (see 

12 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



above). Personal: Born Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, Apr. nth, 1721, O. S. Graduated 
at Yale College, 1741 ; converted to Chris- 
tianity under the preaching of Rev. Gilbert 
Tennant. Studied theology under Mr. Ed- 
wards, who was afterwards president. De- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity by the College 
of New Jersey in 1780. Pastor at Guilford, 
Connecticut, 1743 to 1769, and at Second 
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, from 
1769-1793. At the breaking out of the 
Revolution he went into the Continental 
service as chaplain in the Army Hospital. 
He died October i8th, 1793, 73rd year, of 
yellow fever ; buried Laurel Hill Cemetery, 
Philadelphia. His will mentions his wife 
Sarah, and among other children his son 
William (see below). (References, viz.: 
Annals of American Pulpit, by Sprague, 
vol. 3, page 125; Harper's for Sept., 1885; 
Amer. Biog. Die, 1857, by William Allen, 
D. D. ; The New and the Old, 1743-1876, 
by E. R. Beadle, 2nd Presby. Ch. ; Encyclo- 
paedia of the Presbyterian Church, by Al- 
fred Nevin, D. D., LL. D., page 852; His- 
tory of Guilford and Madison, Conn., by 
Steiner, pages 328-329-331-337-339-407)- 

Married Sarah, died 11-14-1793, 72nd 
year, daughter of Major William Smith, the 
son of Chief Justice William Smith, at one 
time governor of Tangiers, appointed by 
Charles II. (References: Thompson's Hist. 
L. I., vol. 2, page 442; Colonial Hist. New 
York, vol. 3, pages 417-420-664-685-767- 
818, vol. 4, pages 25-284-442-535-769-821- 
849-857-863-868-1137, vol. 5, page 107). 
Issue — Six children, viz.: ist, Hannah, 
married Rev. Isaac Keith ; 2nd, Olive, died 
84 years; 3rd, William (see below); 4th, 
John ; 5th, Ann, died 26th year ; 6th, Sarah, 
married Joseph Spencer, died in her 88th 
year. 

Major William Sproat — Ancestry: Third 
child of Rev. James Sproat, D. D. (see 
above). Personal: Born 1757, Guilford, 
Connecticut ; of medium height, dark eyes, 
light handsome figure, easy in movements, 
pleasant manners, of few words, prudent 



and careful in remarks. A merchant at 
Philadelphia. An original member of the 
State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsyl- 
vania. During the Revolution was a ser- 
geant, Kent County, Maryland, Company 
of Associators of Freemen of Maryland, 
under compact of July 26th, 1775; ensign 
Maryland Associators; first lieutenant 4th 
Regiment Pennsylvania Line, January 3rd, 
1777 ; captain-lieutenant 4th Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Line, 17th April, 1779; captain 4th 
Regiment Pennsylvania Line, 17th April, 
1779; captain 3rd Regiment Pennsylvania 
Line, January 17th, 1781. Retired January 
1st, 1783. Brevet major under Act of Con- 
gress. In battles at Valley Forge, Brandy- 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth. (Refer- 
ences, viz. : Maryland Archives, vol. xi, 
page 298 ; Penna. Archives, 2nd series, vol. 
10, pages 490-491-451). Died October nth, 
1793, Philadelphia, in 36th year, of yellow 
fever; buried Laurel Hill Cemetery, Phila- 
delphia. 

Married, October nth, 1792, Maria (died 
Oct. 17th, 1793), daughter of Colonel John 
B. Thompson, of Maryland. (Reference, 
viz. : Matrons of the Revolution, by Dr. 
Eagle). Issue — One child, James William 
Sproat (see below). 

Colonel James William Sproat — Ances- 
try: Only child of William Sproat (see 
above). Personal: Born Philadelphia, July 
3rd, 1793. Member of the State Society of 
the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, in right of 
his father. Business, merchant. Military 
history: In defence of Philadelphia, Sep- 
tember 8th, 1814, to January 2nd, 1815. 
Captain of Germantown Blues, a light in- 
fantry company attached to 2nd Brigade, 
1st Division, Pennsylvania Militia, stationed 
at Marcus Hook. Commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Findlay to be colonel of 47th Regi- 
ment of Militia, in 2nd Brigade of the ist 
Division, and commissioned by Governor 
Snyder, captain of Germantown Blues, Sep- 
tember 8th, 1814. (From OflBcial Records. 
See also Watson's Annals of Philadelphia, 
vol. i, page 330 (ed. of 1877).) Died Au- 



843 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gust 15th, 1821, in 29th year, Philadelphia; 
buried Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. 

Married, September 24th, 1812, Margaret 
Statira Lindsay, of Pictou, Nova Scotia, 
died April 30th, 1828, in 31st year; buried 
Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. Issue 
— Three children, viz: ist, Harris Lind- 
say Sproat (see below). 2nd, Dr. William 
Sproat, born August 31st, 1814, died Au- 
gust 2ist, 1840; graduate of Princeton, N. 
J., also Medical Department of the Penn- 
sylvania College ; married ; no issue. 3rd', 
Spencer Sheepshanks Sproat, born Septem- 
ber 8th, 1815, died July 4th, 1841 ; single; 
graduate of Princeton, N. J. ; attorney-at- 
law. 

Harris Lindsay Sproat, Esquire — Ances- 
try: Eldest child of James William Sproat 
(see above). Personal: Born August 7th, 
1813, Philadelphia. Educated at Lawrence- 
ville Academy, New Jersey; graduated at 
Princeton, New Jersey, at age of seventeen 
years. Graduated at Yale College Law 
School. Studied law in the office of John 
Sergeant, Esq., of Philadelphia. Admitted 
to the Philadelphia bar, June 26th, 1852. 
Practiced law in St. Louis, Missouri, and 
in Philadelphia. Member of the Presby- 
terian church, Philadelphia ; member of 
Lodge No. 51, F. and A. M., Pennsylvania. 
Member of the State Society of the Cincin- 
nati of Pennsylvania, in right of descent 
from his grandfather, and vice-president of 
the Society. Died January 19th, 1872, 
Philadelphia; buried Laurel Hill Cemetery, 
Philadelphia. 

Married, July 21st, 1845, to Caroline 
Hutchins, born May ist, 1821, Philadelphia, 
died September 20th, 1876, Philadelphia, 
daughter of William Sheepshanks and Ann 
Spencer. Issue — ist, Harris Elric Sproat 
(see below). 2nd, Olive Elrica Sproat, 
married Charles W. Sparhawk, Philadel- 
phia. 3rd, William Sheepshanks Sproat, 
died single. 4th, Caroline Sproat, married 
Henry Darrach, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Harris Elric Sproat — Ancestry: Eldest 
child of Harris Lindsay Sproat (see above). 
Personal: Born Philadelphia. In 1876 re- 



moved to Chester county, Pennsylvania. A 
graduate of civil engineering. Elder, super- 
intendent of Sabbath school, and treasurer 
Presbyterian Church at Dilworthtown, Penn- 
sylvania, thirty-one years. Member of the 
State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsyl- 
vania, in right of descent from great-grand- 
father. President of said Society. Ex- 
governor of the Pennsylvania Society of the 
Order of Founders and Patriots of Amer- 
ica. Member of the Society Sons of the 
Revolution. Director Musical Fund Soci- 
ety of Philadelphia. Member and on board 
of directors of Pennsylvania Society of the 
War of 1 81 2. Member Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society, Philadelphia. Member of 
the Historical Society of Chester County, 
Pennsylvania. 

Married Eudora Maria Heylin, daughter 
'of the late Isaiah B. Heylin, and Maria B. 
Stevenson, both of Philadelphia. Issue — Six 
children, all living, viz. : 

ist, Harris Lindsay Sproat, born Philadelphia. 
Educated West Chester State Normal School. 
Admitted to Philadelphia bar, November 12th, 
1900; to Chester county bar, 1902. Appointed, 
190S, Assistant District Attorney of Chester 
county, and served in that capacity for six years 
until elected in igil the District Attorney of said 
county. Married Eleanor Brinton Ramsey, 
daughter of Samuel Dickey Ramsey, attorney at 
law, of West Chester, Pennsylvania. Issue: 
Harris Elric Sproat (2nd). 

2nd, Mildred Sproat, born Chester county, 
Pennsylvania; married Hon. William Butler Jr., 
of Chester county, Pennsylvania. Issue: 1st, 
William Butler (3rd) ; 2nd, Caroline Butler. 

3rd, Eudora Adele Sproat, born Chester county, 
Pennsylvania; married Theodore Fassitt Fur- 
ness, of Philadelphia. 

4th, Elric Sparhawk Sproat, born Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. 

5th, Caroline Darrach Sproat, born Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. 

6th, Ronald Sheepshanks Sproat. born Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania. 



KELLY, Edward, 

Financier. 

Pittsburgh owes no small measure of her 
preeminence to her citizens of Irish birth 
and parentage. Thei'- versatile genius and 



844 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



indomitable energy have been felt as vital- 
izing and expanding forces in every one of 
the essential interests of their adopted city, 
inparting impetus to their progress and 
breadth to the scope of their transactions. 
Conspicuous among those who, during the 
last forty years, have represented the real 
estate interests of the Iron City, was the 
late Edward Kelly, junior, at one time presi- 
dent of the City Insurance Company, and 
for many years vice-president of the Wash- 
ington Trust Company. Mr. Kelly was for 
nearly half a century a valued citizen of 
Pittsburgh and was intimately associated 
with her political, religious and social life. 

Edward Kelly was born October 26, 1845, 
in county Galway, Ireland, a son of Michael 
and Anne (Reilley) Kelly. At the age of 
twenty-eight he emigrated to the United 
States and settled in the old Fifth Ward of 
Pittsburgh. He immediately associated him- 
self with an uncle in the real estate business, 
and was thenceforth continuously identified 
with that line of endeavor. He was for 
many years in business for himself in the 
downtown section of the city, and was one 
of the best known real estate men in Pitts- 
burgh. Few were held in higher honor — 
none, indeed, could be, for his integrity was 
absolutely unimpeachable and every agree- 
ment which he made, whether verbal or 
written, was invariably carried out to the 
letter. About ten years before his death he 
retired from active business and was thence- 
forth chiefly engaged in looking after his 
private interests which included large real 
estate holdings throughout the city. 

As a progressive and at the same time 
wisely conservative business man, Mr. Kelly 
was regarded as a safe adviser and his in- 
fluence in all boards upon which he served 
was potent. For six years he was president 
of the City Insurance Company, retiring 
during the last year of his life, and at the 
time of his death he was one of its directors, 
a position which he had held for a long 
period. He was one of the founders of the 
old Washington National Bank which was 



taken over by the present Washington Trust 
Company, and of the latter organization he 
was for many years vice-president. In all 
concerns relative to the city's welfare Mr. 
Kelly's interest was deep and sincere and 
wherever substantial aid would further pub- 
lic progress it was freely given. During his 
earlier life he was active in politics and for 
some time served as treasurer of the school 
board of the old Fifth Ward. Widely but 
unostentatiously charitable, no good work 
done in the name of philanthropy or religion 
sought his cooperation in vain. From the 
time of his coming to Pittsburgh to the close 
of his life he was a member of St. Paul's 
(Roman Catholic) Cathedral, and for a 
number of years previous to his death 
served on the church committee. He also 
belonged to the committees in charge of St. 
Paul's Orphan Asylum and St. Joseph's 
Protectory, being deeply interested in all 
fonns of church work and enterprise. 

The fine^ open, strongly-marked counte- 
nance of Mr. Kelly, lighted by a pair of 
keen blue eyes, showed him to be what he 
was — a splendid type of the alert, energetic, 
progressive business man with whom ob- 
stacles serve rather as an impetus to re- 
newed labor than as a bar to progress. A 
man of action rather than words, he demon- 
strated his public spirit by actual achieve- 
ments which advanced the prosperity and 
wealth of the community. To whatever he 
undertook he gave his whole soul, allowing 
none of the many interests intrusted to him 
to suflfer for want of close and able atten- 
tion and industry. His many estimable 
qualities of head and heart surrounded him, 
in private as well as in public life, with a 
large circle of influential and warmly- 
attached friends. He was an exemplary 
citizen and a true gentleman. 

Mr. Kelly married, November 26, 1884, 
Clementine, daughter of Willis and Ellen 
(Staton) Hodgson, and they became the 
parents of the following children : Edward, 
a priest of the Sacred Heart Roman Cath- 
olic Church, of Pittsburgh; Willis M., John 



845 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



C, Helen A., Nanna L., Clementine B., 
Hilda M., Clare A., and Madeline M. Mrs. 
Kelly, a woman of rare wifely qualities and 
admirably fitted by her excellent practical 
mind to be a helpmate to her husband in his 
aspirations and ambitions, is a most accom- 
plished home-maker, and Mr. Kelly, the rul- 
ing motive of whose life was love for his 
family, ever found at his own fireside a 
refuge from the storm and stress of the 
arena of business. 

In the death of Mr. Kelly, which occurred 
March 20, 1913, Pittsburgh sustained the 
loss of a business man of marked force 
whose career well exemplified the power of 
constant labor well applied, especially when 
the effort is joined with personal qualities 
which command the esteem and respect of 
our fellow men. Such men are indeed rare, 
and, whenever found, are an honor to the 
community in which they reside. Among 
the many tributes to the character and work 
of Mr. Kelly was the following resolution 
adopted by the Washington Trust Com- 
pany: 

Resolved, That in the death of Edward Kelly, 
junior, the Washington Trust Company has met 
with a loss which it most keenly feels, and the 
vacancy caused by his demise will be difficult to 
fill. Modest and retiring, a man of few words, 
he was nevertheless a man of action and energy. 
He could be depended upon to perform the task 
assigned to him with thoroughness and fidelity. 
It was these qualities, as well as his ripe judg- 
ment, which made him such a valuable official to 
this institution. He was a kind husband, a de- 
voted father, a sincere friend and a real God- 
fearing man. 

To words such as these what could be 
added? Are they not the highest eulogy? 



MURRIN, James B., 

La^vyer, Public OfS.cial. 

The present mayor of Carbondale, Mr. 
James B. Murrin, is an eminent lawyer of 
that place, where he has been practicing his 
profession along general lines for more than 
half a score of years. He is a native of this 
city, where he was born November 30, 1874, 



being the son of John Murrin, now de- 
ceased, who was an extensive coal operator 
here some years ago. 

Mayor Murrin was a student at the Car- 
bondale High School, and after completing 
his studies there entered upon a three-year 
collegiate course at Georgetown University, 
Washington, D. C. At the conclusion of 
the latter course he entered the law office 
of James E. Burr, where he remained for 
eighteen months ; he was then admitted to 
the bar, and has since engaged in the active 
practice of the law in this city. His admis- 
sion to the bar covered all the courts, State 
and Federal, from, the United States Su- 
preme Court down; and he has appeared 
with great success before all. He has ob- 
tained most enviable recognition in his prac- 
tice, and is a member of various legal soci- 
eties and other important organizations. He 
belongs to the Pennsylvania State, Lacka- 
wanna County, and Carbondale Bar Asso- 
ciations ; and is a member of the board of 
directors of the Liberty Bank of Carbon- 
dale, of which he is also counsel. 

Mr. Murrin has for many years been 
prominent in Democratic political circles in 
Northeastern Pennsylvania, and has been 
delegate to various conventions ; he is now 
vice-chairman of the Democratic Central 
Committee. In the year 191 1 he was elected 
mayor of Carbondale, and so far has proved 
a most able and efficient administrator of 
municipal aflfairs. His prompt action in re- 
moving from office the Carbondale Board of 
Health wheu, during the outbreak of small- 
pox in August, 1912, that body proved by 
its dilatory and ineflectual methods that it 
was incapable of dealing with the emer- 
gency or of checking and controlling the 
situation, won for him the very high regard 
of the community and the country at large. 
Mayor Murrin took entire charge of the 
matter ; he closed the churches, schools, 
theatres, and all other places of public as- 
semblage, and called in the State author- 
ities. This action quieted the dread appre- 
hension of the public in Carbondale and 



846 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surrounding towns, and met with the hearty- 
approval of the press and high medical au- 
thorities. 

Mayor Murrin is unmarried, devoting all 
of his interests to his high office and the 
active practice of the law. He has exten- 
sive real estate holdings and other financial 
investments, outside of the estate of his 
father, which is still being conducted in its 
entirety. He is a man in the prime of life 
and the full vigor of his faculties ; and the 
outlook for an even more distinguished 
career in the future, with fuller and more 
ambitious service in the affairs of his coun- 
try, is a brilliant one. He has the courage 
of his convictions, is prompt, strong, and 
independent, and has made a wise and able 
executive. The people of the city whose 
interests he has so well upheld and pro- 
tected, owe him a debt of gratitude and 
affection which they are ready and willing 
to repay. 

Mayor Murrin is one of a family of five 
brilliant brothers. Dr. Joseph S. Murrin, 
one of the best known of these, after hav- 
ing graduated at the High School and taken 
the course in the Medical Department of 
Georgetown University, has become suc- 
cessively a member of the staff of George- 
town Hospital ; the Episcopal Hospital and 
the Children's Hospital, both at Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; and the New York Eye, Ear, 
Nose and Throat Hospital. Mr. Frank 
Murrin, also a graduate of Carbondale High 
School, is now general manager of the Mur- 
rin mining interests. Mr. John Murrin, 
graduating at Carbondale High School and 
the School of the Lackawanna at Scranton, 
entered Harvard University, where he was 
graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1907, 
completing a four-year course in three 
years ; he is now a registered law student 
in the office of his brother, the mayor. Mr. 
Hugh Murrin is now a student in the Col- 
legiate Department of Georgetown Univer- 
sity, having graduated, like his brothers, 
from Carbondale High School ; he shows 
promise also of a bright future. 



WHITLOCK, Sidney Berry, 

Glass Manufacturer. 

The Whitlock family, from whom Sid- 
ney Berry Whitlock is descended, is of New 
England extraction. Frederick Whitlock, 
his uncle, enlisted in a volunteer regiment 
of Connecticut Infantry during the Civil 
War, and died in a military hospital. His 
brother, Walter Whitlock, enlisted from 
Woodbury, Connecticut, in another volun- 
teer infantry regiment to serve in the 
same war; and Edward Whitlock, another 
brother, father of Sidney Berry Whit- 
lock, was a sea captain during the earlier 
years of his life, but retired to New Mil- 
ford, Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, 
where he engaged in farming and manufac- 
turing. He was born in 1835, in Brooklyn, 
New York, and died in 1903, at his home in 
Scranton, Pennsylvania. He married Ellen 
Maria Boyle, daughter of James and Maria 
Boyle, at New Milford, Pennsylvania. They 
had issue four children, namely: i. Sidney 
Berry Whitlock, of whom see following. 2. 
James Boyle Whitlock, born in New Mil- 
ford, Pennsylvania, in 1863. 3. Edward P. 
Whitlock, born in 1869, in New Milford, 
Pennsylvania; married Mildred Gibson, in 
Philadelphia ; issue of this marriage, Elea- 
nor Jeaneatt Whitlock. 4. Lillian Phyfe 
Whitlock, married Albert \Y. Porter, of 
New York City. 

Sidney Berry Whitlock, son of Edward 
and Ellen Maria (Boyle) Whitlock, was 
born April i, i860, at New Milford, Sus- 
quehanna county, Pennsylvania. He re- 
ceived such education as was afforded by 
the public schools of New Milford ; was 
then employed by the Lackawanna Iron and 
Coal Company, at Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
where he remained for several years. He 
then became associated with the Scranton 
Glass Company and represented them in 
Philadelphia until 1896. Meanwhile he en- 
gaged in the glass manufacturing business 
at Baltimore, Maryland, and later became 
financially interested in the Hazel-Atlas 



847 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Glass Company of Wheeling, West Vir- 
ginia. He represents the last mentioned 
company with offices at 256 Broadway, New 
York City. 

In politics he is a Republican, but does 
not take an active part in partisan politics. 
He is a member of the Fort Henry Club 
of Wheeling, West Virginia; the Pennsyl- 
vania Society of New York; the Hardware 
Club of New York City; the Indian River 
Club of Delaware ; the Mastigouche Fish 
and Game Club of Canada; the Atlantic 
Yacht Club of Sea Gate ; and the New York 
Athletic Club. Prior to his removal from 
Pennsylvania, he served about five years as 
a member of the 13th Infantry Regiment, 
Pennsylvania National Guard. 

He married Mae Gaige, daughter of 
Henry L. and Mary D. Gaige, in 1888, at 
Moscow, Lackawanna county, Pennsylvania. 
No children as issue of this marriasre. 



McCLUNG, William H., 

Iiaivyer, Professional Instructor. 

William H. McClung was born Novem- 
ber 22, 1854, in Plum township, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, and is a son of the 
Rev. Samuel M. and Nancy Cowan (Gil- 
christ) McClung. The Rev. Mr. McClung 
was one of the prominent divines of his day. 

William H. McClung received his pre- 
liminary education in public schools, and 
after graduating from the Pittsburgh High 
School he entered the office of his brother, 
Samuel Alfred McClung, a prominent at- 
torney of Pittsburgh, afterwards for many 
years judge of Common Pleas Court No. 
3, of Allegheny county. He was admitted 
to the Pennsylvania bar December 16, 1876. 
Immediately after his admission to the bar 
his preceptor took Mr. McClung into part- 
nership, and the two continued for a num- 
ber of years. His next partnership was 
formed with the Hon. J. A. Evans, and the 
two conducted their business under the firm 
name of McClung & Evans. This partner- 
ship lasted for a considerable time, and 



then Mr. McClung became a member of the 
firm of Chantler, McGill & McClung. The 
firm is known now as Chantler & McClung. 
From 1895 to 1905 Mr. McClung served as 
one of the lecturers at the Pittsburgh Law 
School. The University of Pittsburgh con- 
ferred upon him in 1895 the degree of 
LL. B. In politics he is a Republican, and 
he is a member of the Duquesne, Union, 
University and Oakmont Country clubs. 



LENTZ, La Fayette, 

Retired Railroad Builder and Mine Oper- 
ator. 

La Fayette Lentz, who is a prominent 
factor in the business and social circles of 
Carbon county, Pennsylvania, has always 
displayed the enterprise and progressive 
spirit which has made him a typical Amer- 
ican. By constant exertion and good judg- 
ment, he has raised himself to a prominent 
position, has the friendship of many, and 
the respect of all who know him. 

Conrad Lentz, his grandfather, who set- 
tled in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, prior 
to the Revolutionary War, was a school 
teacher by profession, and died at an early 
age. 

John, son of Conrad Lentz, was born in 
Whitehall township, Northampton county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1795, and died in Mauch 
Chunk, in 1875. A shoemaker by occupa- 
tion, he abandoned what was in those days 
a profitable calling and started as a hotel 
proprietor at Mauch Chunk. Later he re- 
moved to Weissport, where he also con- 
ducted a hotel, returned to Mauch Chunk 
for a time, and finally settled at Lehighton. 
In the meantime he had also been engaged 
in contract work on an extensive scale, 
being closely associated with Asa Packer, 
and upon the completion of the Lehigh 
canal they were the first to run a boat upon 
it. He was a leading spirit in the move- 
ment which resulted in the division of 
Northampton county into the counties of 
Monroe, Lehigh, Carbon and Northampton. 




4y£-t^ff^9i*^ £S/v /Ay 



/UiLi^^^^ ^^^ iLClL^ 




•zueXte <=^<y?i^zy 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He served as Associate Judge of the Car- 
bon County Court, and was later elected to 
the office of sheriff by a large majority. 
During the War of 1812 he was commis- 
sioned a colonel, and thereafter he was 
always known as Colonel Lentz. At the 
outbreak of the Civil War he was one of the 
first to volunteer his services, but they were 
refused because of his advanced age. At 
the age of seventy he organized a company 
of Reserves at Lehighton, Pennsylvania, 
and as their captain led them to Harrisburg 
in defence of the Union. He was a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church, in which he had 
frequently held official position, and was an 
honored member of the Masonic fraternity. 
Colonel Lentz married (first) Mary Lacer, 
who bore him six children, all of whom are 
deceased with the exception of La Fayette, 
whose name heads this sketch. He married 
(second) Julia Winter Barnet, widow of 
John Barnet, and had a daughter who is 
now the widow of William C. Morris. He 
married (third) Elizabeth (High) Metzgar, 
also a widow when he married her, by 
whom he had : John S. ; Alice, deceased ; 
Franklin P. 

La Fayette, son of Colonel John and 
Mary (Lacer) Lentz, was born at Lehigh 
Gap, Carbon county, Pennsylvania, Febru- 
ary 29, 1828. His education was the usual 
one for a boy in those days, and his first 
business position was as clerk in a store in 
Parryville, Pennsylvania. Later he devoted 
his time and attention to railroad contract- 
ing, becoming one of the original con- 
tractors of the Lehigh Valley railroad. Im- 
portant sections of the Morris & Essex, the 
North Pennsylvania, and the Easton & Am- 
boy railroads were also constructed under 
his direction, and he was the builder of the 
Vosburg tunnel in Wyoming county. Coal 
mining commenced to engage the attention 
of Mr. Lentz in 1868, and since that time 
he has been very successful as an operator 
in this field near Mahanoy City, Pennsyl- 
vania. He became senior member of the 
firm of Lentz & Company, a prominent 



company conducting its operations at Park 
Place, Pennsylvania. Recently Mr. Lentz 
has disposed of his coal mining interests and 
has withdrawn from active participation in 
business matters. This does not, however, 
mean that he is leading a life of retirement. 
On the contrary, it is just as full as ever of 
activity, only this is of another kind. Al- 
ways a lover of nature, and natural sports, 
Mr. Lentz now devotes much of his time to 
hunting and fishing, with an ardor which 
cannot be surpassed by men much his 
juniors in point of years. He is also as 
enthusiastic as ever in the matter of ball 
playing, and while he no longer actively in- 
dulges in this, he takes the keenest pleasure 
in it as a spectator. He maintains a fine 
suite of rooms at the American Hotel, 
Mauch Chunk, and delights in taking long 
and frequent tramps through the beautiful 
country near him. 

Mr. Lentz married Mary Swartz, who 
died in 1879. She was a daughter of John 
Swartz, a farmer and hotel proprietor of 
Northampton county. They had children : 
John, James and La Fayette, who died in 
infancy ; William O., who has succeeded his 
father in the latter's business operations; 
Horace De Y., an attorn ey-at-law. 



LENTZ, Horace De Y., 

Iiavtryer. 

Horace De Y. Lentz, attorney and coun- 
sellor-at-law in Carbon county, Pennsyl- 
vania, has long been recognized as a force- 
ful factor in the community interests. Few 
men are more widely known in Mauch 
Chunk, for he has taken a leading part in 
professional, political and social circles. He 
is public-spirited, and thoroughly interested 
in whatever tends to advance the welfare 
of his city, and his connection with its 
affairs has proven of far-reaching and bene- 
ficial effect. The early history of his fam- 
ily will be found in detail in the sketch of 
his father. La Fayette Lentz. 

Horace De Y. Lentz was born in Mauch 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chunk, Pennsylvania, February 24, 1867. 
The public schools of his native town fur- 
nished his elementary education, and from 
them he went to the Preparatory School for 
Lehigh University at Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania ; Adams Academy, Quincy, Massa- 
chusetts; and Harvard University, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 1891 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He 
took up the study of law in the fall of 1893 
in the offices of L. H. Barber and Frederick 
Bertolette, and was admitted to practice at 
the bar of Carbon county in 1896. Since 
that time he has been devoted to his pro- 
fessional work, in which he has met with 
unqualified success. For some time he has 
been a member of the examining committee 
of the Carbon county bar. He is a mem- 
ber of the University Club of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. 

He married, in 1893, Jennie McCreary 
Alsover, daughter of the late Jabez Alsover, 
a prominent member of the Carbon and 
Luzerne bars, and of Hannah (Dodson) 
Alsover. Mr. Lentz is a brilliant and forci- 
ble speaker, and he is a representative of 
that class of American citizens who, while 
they promote individual success, also ad- 
vance the general prosperity. To-day, in 
the ver}' prime of life, he stands strong in 
the consciousness of years already well 
spent, and strong to plan and perform in 
the future. 



LACOCK, John Kennedy, 

Educator, Antlior. 

John Kennedy Lacock, of Amity, Penn- 
sylvania, was born in that State, at Ten 
Mile, Washington county, November 16, 
1871, son of Isaac Clark and Kate (Bell) 
Lacock. His father was a farmer by occu- 
pation; he saw Civil War service as a sol- 
dier in Company D, 140th Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and was wounded in the 
second-day fight of the battle of Gettysburg. 

John Kennedy Lacock received his pri- 



mary education in the common schools, and 
was subsequently a student in Washington 
and Jefferson College, from which he re- 
ceived the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
1901, and Harvard University, from which 
he received that of Master of Arts in 1906. 

For years prior to entering college he 
taught school in the public schools of Wash- 
ington county. From 1901 to 1904 he was 
assistant principal in Jefferson Academy, 
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. During the col- 
legiate year of 1907-1908 he was assistant 
to Professor Albert Bushnell Hart, in Amer- 
ican Diplomacy, at Harvard University. 

Mr. Lacock is an active member of vari- 
ous scientific and literary bodies — the Amer- 
ican Historical Association, the American 
Political Science Association, the American 
Society of International Law, the National 
Geographical Society, and the Historical 
Society of Western Pennsylvania, and also 
the Harvard Club of Western Pennsylvania. 
He has made valuable contributions to his- 
torical literature, notable among them : "The 
Whiskey or Western Insurrection," "Brad- 
dock's Military Road" (Cumberland, Md., 
to Braddock, Pa.) and "Forbes's Military 
Road" (from Bedford to Pittsburgh). On 
these roads he has conducted research par- 
ties on foot, with a view to preserving to 
posterity the location of these once famous 
highways across the Allegheny mountains. 
He is a Presbyterian in religion, and a Re- 
publican in politics. 



DAVIES, Franklin A., 

liaivyer, Public Official. 

Prominent among the successful and emi- 
nent members of the Susquehanna county 
bar, noted for their legal attainments 
and ability of a high order, must be men- 
tioned Franklin A. Davies, of Montrose, 
whose birth occurred in Clifford township, 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, July 
31, 1 861, son of Thomas R. and Jane (Pow- 
ell) Davies, natives of Wales, from which 



850 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



country Thomas R. Davies emigrated when 
about fifteen years of age, thereafter mak- 
ing his home in this country, conforming to 
its laws and principles, and becoming a use- 
ful citizen, aiding in the development and 
welfare of the communities in which he 
resided. 

Franklin A. Davies obtained an excellent 
education in the select school at Clifford 
and the Wyoming Seminary, and after com- 
pleting his course of study placed himself 
under the competent instruction of his 
brother, the late Thomas J. Davies, born 
June 4, 1853, died in June, 1909. Thomas 
J. Davies began the study of law in 1880, 
and two years later was admitted to the 
Susquehanna county bar, and formed a 
partnership with the late E. L. Blakeslee, 
which continued for about five years, and 
later as a law partner with Frank Lusk. He 
had such an extensive practice that he was 
not only engaged in his home county but 
was frequently called to Lackawanna, Lu- 
zerne and Bradford counties in the trial of 
cases, and was a familiar figure in the Su- 
perior and Supreme Courts of the State, 
and had appeared in the trial of cases in 
the United States Supreme Court, being 
the only member of the county bar honored 
by admission to that court. With such a 
teacher, Franklin A. Davies progressed 
rapidly in his study of the law and was ad- 
mitted to the Susquehanna county bar in 
1908. He at once engaged in the active 
practice of his profession in Montrose, and 
is now in charge of the legal affairs of an 
extensive clientele. He is endowed by 
nature with strong mentality, and well 
equipped for his chosen profession by thor- 
ough study and wide research, therefore he 
has gained prominence in his special field 
of labor. His energies are not entirely 
confined to the practice of law, as he is 
serving in the capacity of president of the 
Susquehanna County Agricultural Society, 
president of the Susquehanna Bible Society, 
chairman of the County Farmers' Institute, 



and member of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture. In 1908 he was elected justice of the 
peace, the duties of which office he per- 
formed in a highly creditable manner. He 
is a member of Warren Lodge, No. 240, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Warren Chap- 
ter, No. 180, Royal Arch Masons; Great 
Bend Commandery, No. 27, Knights Temp- 
lar ; and Montrose Lodge, No. 151, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of which 
he is noble grand. 

Mr. Davies is greatly interested in edu- 
cation, having taught school for several 
years previous to his marriage, and after 
his marriage he has served as school direc- 
tor for nine years, as president of the 
School Directors' Association of the county 
and as secretary of the State School Direc- 
tors' Association. He is one of the most 
active members of the Susquehanna County 
Historical Society and Free Library Asso- 
ciation, and the beautiful free library build- 
ing, stocked with its many thousands vol- 
umes, was largely due to the efforts of Mr. 
Davies. 

Mr. Davies married, December 25, 1883, 
Christina A. Russell, born May 17, 1861, 
in Carbondale, Lackawanna county, Penn- 
sylvania, daughter of John and Jeanette 
Russell, of Carbondale, Pennsylvania. Chil- 
dren : I. Russell, born October 31, 1884; 
educated in Montrose public and high 
schools, and graduated from Dickinson Col- 
lege, class of '08. 2. Bertha, born Decem- 
ber 16, 1885; became the wife of Arthur J. 
Wheaton, of the First National Bank of 
Montrose, Pennsylvania. 3. Thomas R., 
born January 27, 1887; educated in Mon- 
trose public and high schools, and graduated 
from Lehigh LIniversity, class of 191 1 ; now 
representative of W. R. Grace & Company, 
of New York, in Chile. 4. Elbert L., born 
June 29, i8go; educated in Montrose public 
and high schools and Mount Hermon Boys' 
School ; two years principal of South Gib- 
son Graded School; now taking up a law- 
course at Dickinson College. 



851 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



RINN, Charles William, 

Business Man, Public Official. 

Charles William Rinn, who is serving at 
the present time (1913) in the capacity of 
mayor of Allentown, his incumbency being 
noted for efficiency and capability, and 
whose successful career is well worthy of 
emulation, his chief characteristics being 
enterprise, perseverance, diligence and fore- 
sight, is a native of Easton, Pennsylvania, 
born October 6. 1868, son of Emil Edward 
and Louise Catherine (Schlechter) Rinn, 
natives of Germany, the parents of five chil- 
dren, and grandson on the maternal side 
of William Frederick Schlechter. 

Charles W. Rinn spent his early child- 
hood days in Easton, his parents removing 
to Allentown, Pennsylvania, when he was 
six years of age. His father was a printer 
by trade, which occupation he followed for 
a number of years, and he was also the pub- 
lisher of a German paper, and later he en- 
gaged in the wholesale meat business, con- 
ducting the same successfully until his 
death, which occurred June 8, 1900. 

Charles W. Rinn attended the public 
schools of Allentown until he was twelve 
years old, at which early age he began to 
earn his own livelihood, entering the em- 
ploy of a local coftee merchant, whose place 
of business was in the old Academy of 
Music building, and he remained with him 
for three years. He then apprenticed him- 
self to Kellar Brothers, jewelers, of Allen- 
town, serving for three years, during which 
time he gained a thorough knowledge of 
the jewelry trade. He then joined his 
father in the management of the meat busi- 
ness, they conducting their trade for fifteen 
years at No. 25 North Front street, and 
later for six years at Nos. 120-130 North 
Front street, and at the expiration of this 
period of time the plant was sold to Swartz- 
child & Company, a well known corporation. 
Charles W. Rinn has also devoted consider- 
able attention to the real estate business, 
conducting an office at No. 104 North Sev- 



enth street. He conducted his business 
transactions in an honorable and straight- 
forward manner, winning for himself the 
esteem and respect of all with whom he 
was brought in contact, and this fact led to 
his nomination by the Democratic party 
for the office of mayor of Allentown, to 
which he was elected by the people in No- 
vember, 191 1, defeating his Republican op- 
ponent, Hon. Fred Lewis, who is now act- 
ing as Congressman-at-Large for Pennsyl- 
vania. He gave to the duties of this ardu- 
ous position the same careful attention and 
thought as to his business pursuits, and the 
result was entirely satisfactory to all con- 
cerned, his administration of affairs being 
fearless and honest, giving a sturdy cham- 
pionship to every measure calculated to 
benefit the city over which he presided. He 
holds membership in several organizations 
and social clubs, and enjoys the esteem and 
confidence of many friends. 

Charles W. Rinn married, February 26, 
1 891, Lillie Alice Kline, born January 14, 
1869, daughter of Jonas and Sarah (Kem- 
merer) Kline. Children: Edward Kline, 
born June 22, 1898 ; Sarah Louise, born 
July 7, 1901 ; Charles William Jr., born De- 
cember 9, 1905, died August 4, 1908. 



LUTHER, John W., 

Physician, Professional Intmctor. 

To Dr. John W. Luther, one of the 
younger representatives of the medical pro- 
fession in the county in which he resides, is 
due that tribute of respect and admiration 
which is always given, and justly so, to 
those men who through indefatigable eiifort 
have worked their way upward to positions 
of prominence, and who have achieved dis- 
tinction through their own labors, whether 
in the professional or industrial world, and 
who by their honorable conduct in all the 
relations of life command the esteem and 
confidence of those with whom they are 
brought into contact. 

Dr. Luther was born in the city of Read- 



852 




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FNCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing, Berks county, Pennsylvania, May 21, 
1875, his family having come to that city 
from Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where 
they had lived for some generations. His 
paternal grandfather, Peter Luther, was a 
druggist in Lancaster county, and two 
brothers of Peter Luther, Martin and Dil- 
ler, were prominent medical practitioners in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. William Behm, 
the maternal grandfather of Dr. Luther, 
was the proprietor of a hotel in Reading. 
Thomas M. Luther, father of Dr. Luther, 
was also born in Reading, and his brother, 
R. C. Luther, of Pottsville, now deceased, 
was superintendent of the Philadelphia & 
Reading Coal and Iron Company, and the 
first vice-president of that corporation. 
There were a number of other members of 
this family who also displayed exceptional 
business and professional ability. 

Dr. John W. Luther was graduated from 
the high school of Reading in the class of 
1894, and after one and a half years spent 
at the Drexel Institute in Philadelphia 
entered the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, from which insti- 
tution l.t; was graduated in the class of 1899 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
served an interneship of nine months at the 
Reading Hospital, and one of eighteen 
months at the University Hospital. He 
was resident physician-in-chief in the latter 
institution for one year, and then estab- 
lished himself in the private practice of his 
profession in the city of Philadelphia. His 
work had been of so excellent a character 
that he was appointed Instructor in Gyne- 
cology at the University of Pennsylvania, 
and was assistant gynecologist at the Uni- 
versity Hospital, as well as Obstetrician at 
the Maternity Hospital. In January, 1908, 
Dr. Luther was appointed head of the med- 
ical staff of the Palmerton Hospital, the 
only institution of its kind in Carbon county, 
Pennsylvania. Since then he has been ap- 
pointed as surgeon of the Central Railroad 
of New Jersey. When the town of Pal- 
merton was organized as a borough. Dr. 



Luther was honored by being selected as 
the first chief burgess of the town, and will 
serve in this office until 1916. He is also 
president of the Palmerton Cooperative As- 
sociation ; president of the Carbon County 
Medical Society; secretary of the Lehigh 
\ alley Aledical Association ; and a member 
of the Pennsylvania Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. His fra- 
ternal affiliation is with Slatington Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and he is a 
member of the Lutheran church. A still 
more recent appointment with which Dr. 
Luther has been honored is that of surgeon- 
in-chief to the New Jersey Zinc Company, 
in which he has charge of the hygienic con- 
dition of the plant, the general health of the 
employes, and of all the subsidiary plants 
of this corporation. 

Dr. Luther married, in Savannah. 
Georgia, in July, 1903, Aletta A. Artley, of 
that city, and they have children: Lois, 
born February 16, 1905 ; and Elizabeth, 
born December 21, 1907. Dr. Luther has 
never thrown ofT his earlier habits of close 
study. He keeps well abreast of the pro- 
gress made in his profession, partly by 
means of attentive reading of the current 
literature on the subject. There is nothing 
narrow or contracted in his nature, and he 
lias won the affection as well as the confi- 
dence of his numerous patients, by his sym- 
pathetic manner as well as by his success- 
ful treatment of cases. 



FOOTE, James L., 

Manufacturer, Public Official. 

James L. Foote, founder and general 
manager of the Slatington-Bangor Slate 
Syndicate, a man of influence in the com- 
munity, progressive and enterprising, win- 
ning and retaining the confiaence and esteem 
of all with whom he is brought in contact, 
is a native of Salisbury, Merrimack county. 
New Hampshire, born April 15, 1856, son 
of Thomas and Lydia (Tabor) Foote, 
natives of Massachusetts, the former named 

i53 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a carpenter and cabinetmaker, who settled 
at Salisbury in 1831. Thomas Foote was a 
son of Lewis Foote, born in 1784, enlisted 
in the war of 1812, being in service on the 
ship "Mars," which embarked from Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, with French "Let- 
ters of Marque and Reprisal," was captured 
by the English during the war, and after- 
wards lost in a severe storm and never 
heard from. Lewis Foote was a son of 
Thomas Foote, born at Amesbury, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1749. 

James L. Foote attended the local schools 
and Or ford Academy until sixteen years of 
age, and then entered the law office of John 
M. Shirley, Esq., at Andover, a prominent 
lawyer, and then the State Reporter of the 
Supreme Court, in order to pursue a course 
of study in law, and he completed his 
studies under the preceptorship of Hon. E. 
B. S. Sanborn, at Franklin, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1876. During this time, in 1875, 
he served as engrossing clerk of the State 
Legislature, and the same year received the 
appointment of justice of the peace. In 
April, 1877, upon attaining legal age, he 
was admitted to practice before the Su- 
preme Court of the State. He then opened 
an office at Manchester, New Hampshire, 
and conducted a general practice for four 
years, but this not proving congenial to his 
tastes, he took up his residence in New 
York City and engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness, continuing for four years. While so 
engaged, Mr. Foote, becoming aware of the 
great prospect in the promising slate regions 
of Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, removed 
to Slatington, March i, 1887. He first en- 
tered the employ of the late Henry Kuntz, 
Esq., proprietor of the Slatington Slate 
Company, as bookkeeper and salesmanager, 
in which capacities he served for six years. 
At the expiration of this period of time he 
became associated with certain enterprising 
citizens in the organization of the Slating- 
ton-Bangor Slate Syndicate for the manu- 
facture of roofing slate and slate black- 
boards, and was chosen for the offices of 



treasurer and general manager, the duties 
of which he has since performed faithfully 
and conscientiously. During the past two 
decades their trade has developed to large 
proportions, extending throughout the 
length and breadth of the United States, 
also to foreign countries, and this increase 
has come to the company through the inde- 
fatigable efforts of Mr. Foote, who is recog- 
nized as an authority in the slate industry 
in the United States, and a great measure 
of the success has been due to his well-con- 
ducted, persistent and judicious advertising. 

In addition to the above, Mr. Foote is a 
director of the Blue Ridge Traction Com- 
pany, which operates a street railway be- 
tween Slatington and Danielsville, and pres- 
ident of the Slatington Citizens' Bank, of 
which he was vice-president for three years. 
Upon locating at Slatington, Mr. Foote 
evinced a keen interest in its local govern- 
ment, and various offices were tendered to 
him, which he was compelled to decline 
owing to the stress of business affairs. In 
191 1 he received the appointment of county 
prison inspector, reappointed the following 
year, and on both occasions was elected to 
the presidency of the board. In 1913, at the 
earnest solicitation of his many friends, he 
accepted the nomination for chief burgess, 
and he was duly elected at the ensuing elec- 
tion. He has also given considerable time 
and attention to the cause of education, fill- 
ing the office of school director for three 
years, also that of secretary and president. 
In 1899 Mr. Foote was one of the organ- 
izers of Christ Episcopal Church, with 
which he has since been connected, being 
one of its chief supporters and serving as 
senior warden. He is a member of the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks, at 
Allentown; the Knights of the Golden 
Eagle, and the Knights of Malta, at Slat- 
ington ; the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York ; the National Geographic Society, and 
the Traffic Club of New York. 

Mr. Foote married (first) in 1879, Ara 
L. Piatt, daughter of Captain James H. and 



854 






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lewis Historical Puk- Co 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Sarah S. (Jones) Piatt, of Manchester, 
New Hampshire ; the former named en- 
Hsted in the Civil War and served as cap- 
tain of Company E, Second Regiment New 
Hampshire Volunteers, and was killed in 
1864 at the battle of Drury's Bluff, Virginia. 
Mrs. Foote died in 1907, at Slatington. In 
1908 Mr. Foote married (second) Emma 
Raleigh Blanchard, daughter of Trask W. 
and Almira (Gates) Raleigh, of Boscawen, 
New Hampshire, a lineal descendant of Sir 
Walter Raleigh, the distinguished repre- 
sentative of Queen Elizabeth, of Great Brit- 
ain, in the early discovery and settlement of 
Virginia, for which he was knighted. 



MULHEARN, Edward M., 

Lawyer, liegislator. 

It is difficult to characterize a man whose 
powers are as versatile and whose achieve- 
ments are as varied as are those of Edward 
M. Mulhearn, of Mauch Chunk, a leader 
of the bar of Eastern Pennsylvania, a for- 
mer District Attorney of Carbon county and 
a former member of the State Legislature. 
Throughout his entire professional career 
Mr. Mulhearn has been identified with 
Mauch Chunk, and is closely and conspicu- 
ously associated with its leading interests. 

John Mulhearn, father of Edward M. 
Mulhearn, was born in Ireland, whence he 
emigrated to the United States, becoming 
one of the pioneer settlers of Carbon county. 
He passed there the remainder of his life, 
becoming a prominent citizen. He married 
Ann Sweeney, like himself, a native of Ire- 
land, and they became the parents of seven 
children, among them, Edward M., men- 
tioned below. Mr. and Mrs. Mulhearn are 
now both deceased. 

Edward M., son of John and Ann 
(Sweeney) Mulhearn, was born June 15, 
1849, 3t Mauch Chunk, where he received 
his early education in the public schools, 
which, in that region and at that period, 
afforded but meager advantages. From 
1861 until 1865 he was engaged during the 



summers in boating on the Lehigh canal, 
attending school during the winters, and in 
the latter year he entered St. Mary's Col- 
lege, Wilmington, Delaware, and St. Thomas 
of \'illanova, at Villanova, Delaware coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, remaining until June, 
1 87 1, when he graduated. 

His literary education being completed, 
Mr. Mulhearn determined that his life work 
should be the practice of law, and with this 
end in view entered the law office of Daniel 
Kalbfus, of Mauch Chunk. After two 
years of close study and unwearied applica- 
tion he was admitted to the bar June 20, 
1873, and at once entered upon the active 
practice of his profession, in which he has 
continued to the present day. His advance- 
ment to the leading position which he has 
now held for many years was the result 
solely of natural ability joined to earnest 
and conscientious endeavor. 

Always actively interested in public af- 
fairs, Mr. Mulhearn has been from early 
manhood identified with the Republican 
party, and has done all in his power for the 
success of its measures and the support of 
its candidates. In 1881 he was elected Dis- 
trict Attorney of Carbon county, serving 
two terms of three years each, and dis- 
charging his duties to the perfect satisfac- 
tion of all good and law-abiding citizens. 
In 1889 he was elected to the Legislature by 
a majority of five hundred and served for 
one term of two years. He was appointed 
Solicitor of the Common Council of the 
borough of Mauch Chunk, an office which 
he filled with his wonted efficiency and 
fidelity. For twelve years he was chairman 
of the Republican County Committee, and 
was also solicitor for the county for six 
years. 

In the welfare and progress of his native 
city, Mr. Mulhearn has ever taken a lively 
interest, cooperating in every plan which 
seemed to him calculated to further that 
end, and has been for the last twenty-five 
years solicitor for the Columbian Building 
and Loan Association. He is a man of 



855 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



many friends, genial and companionable, 
and possesses brilliant gifts as an orator, 
having been, for forty years, celebrated as 
a public speaker. He is a member of the 
Roman Catholic Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, and president of its St. Vincent 
de Paul Society, an organization actively 
engaged in charitable and benevolent work. 

Mr. Mulhearn married, November lo, 
1881, Mary A., daughter of John Behrendt. 
Mrs. Mulhearn, who was a woman of many 
virtues and a member of the Lutheran 
church, passed away February 28, 1892, 
leaving two children: John D., and Mary 
D. 

Mr. Mulhearn's career has been one of 
substantial, brilliant and varied usefulness. 
In serving his State, he has brought honor 
both to her and himself, and it is with 
mingled pride and gratitude that Pennsyl- 
vania acknowledges her indebtedness to 
this gifted and loyal son. 



KOLB, Albert, 

Physician, School 0£Scial. 

Dr. Albert Kolb is one of the best known 
and oldest established physicians in Scran- 
ton, where he has been in practice for 
nearly thirty years, and is intimately identi- 
fied with the welfare and progress of the 
city. It was partly owing to his very able 
management that one of the most serious 
outbreaks of smallpox in recent years, oc- 
curring while he was superintendent of the 
Scranton Bureau of Health, was checked 
after three hundred and six cases had de- 
veloped. The success with which he coped 
with this serious epidemic has made his 
position in the esteem of his fellow citizens 
a very enviable one and given him high 
rank in the medical profession. 

Dr. Kolb was born at Lancaster, New 
York, on May 8, i860, being the son of Rev. 
Jacob Kolb, a native of Wiirtemberg, Ger- 
many, who married Catherine Widman and 
afterward came to America. Upon coming 
to this country he became pastor success- 



ively of German Methodist churches in 
New York City, Jersey City, Baltimore, 
Boston, Philadelphia, and other cities. 
From 1869 to 1871 he was in charge of a 
pastorate in Scranton, and again from 1884 
until 1887. He was a notable contributor 
to religious journals; and died in 1900, in 
New York City, at the age of seventy- 
seven years. 

Dr. Albert Kolb's education was acquired 
at various institutions in the principal cities 
of the east. He attended German Wallace 
College, Berea, Ohio, and Boston Latin 
School. He then entered the Homoeopathic 
Medical College in New York City, where 
he remained for two years, after which he 
passed another two years at the Medico- 
Chirurgical College in Philadelphia, from 
which he was graduated in April, 1884. He 
then entered upon a general practice of 
medicine at Scranton and has remained here 
ever since. From 1903 until 1906 he was 
superintendent of the Board of Health in 
this city, and it was during this time that he 
was instrumental in suppressing the out- 
break of small-pox previously alluded to. 
He has won a high place in the esteem of 
the community, and is a leading spirit in all 
that concerns the general welfare and 
health. He is interested in fraternal mat- 
ters, and is a Blue Lodge and Chapter 
Mason. 

Dr. Kolb was married, in the year 1885, 
the year following his graduation, to Miss 
Delia M. Weinschenk, daughter of An- 
thony Weinschenk, who was at the time of 
his daughter's marriage superintendent of 
the foundry of the Lackawanna Iron and 
Coal Company. They have three children — 
two sons and a daughter : Stella May, 
the eldest, is a graduate of "Rust Hall," 
Washington, D. C. Henry Arthur, the 
eldest son, graduated at Scranton High 
School, in 1907; he then entered the law 
offices of Watson, Deihl and Watson, as 
registered student. He is now a senior stu- 
dent at the Dickinson Law College, and is a 
member of the Delta Chi fraternity. Fred 



856 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



L. Kolb, the youngest son of Dr. and Mrs. 
Kolb, is a graduate of the Central High 
School of Scranton; he is now taking an 
electrical course at Lafayette College, and 
is in his senior year. He is a member of 
the Alpha Chi Rho fraternity, and, like 
his elder brother, is very popular among his 
classmates. All of Dr. Kolb's children are 
making an excellent start in life, having 
had the best possible educational advan- 
tages ; and bid fair to establish for them- 
selves as fine a record for efficiency and 
good citizenship as their distinguished 
father has already acquired. 

Dr. Kolb has a most comfortable and 
well appointed home at No. 428 Cedar ave- 
nue, where he resides with his family. In 
November, 191 3, the voters of Scranton 
elected Dr. Kolb as a director of the public 
schools by the largest majority given to any 
city candidate. 



DENNEY, Harland Alexander, 
Lawyer, Public Official. 

Harland A. Denney, who has attained 
notable success as a member of the Susque- 
hanna county bar, also a representative cit- 
izen of Montrose, was born May 9, 1867, 
at Equinunk, Wayne county, Pennsylvania, 
ton of Jacob and Rhoda (Williams) Den- 
ney. Harland A. Denney was a student 
at the Keystone Academy and Bucknell 
University, thus acquiring an excellent edu- 
cation which thoroughly laid the foundation 
for a career of usefulness. Having de- 
cided on the law for his life work, he placed 
himself under the competent instruction of 
the late Chief Justice McCullem and Mr. 
Smith, of Montrose, and on August, 1893, 
after a successful competitive examination, 
was admitted to the Susquehanna county 
bar. 

He began the active practice of his pro- 
fession in 1895 in Montrose, since which 
time he has continued in general practice 
there with a success that is pronounced. 



His clientele is of an extended and in- 
fluential type that speaks in itself for his 
ability and standing at the bar, and his 
skill and knowledge of law have brought 
him enviable prestige as a thoroughly quali- 
fied lawyer. His prominence as a citizen 
of Montrose is shown by the fact that he 
was elected district attorney in 1905, serv- 
ing acceptably and creditably for two terms, 
and for six years served in the position of 
county chairman of the Republican party, 
in the welfare of which he has taken an 
active interest since attaining his majority. 
He is president of the local Historical So- 
ciety, which has been in existence for two 
decades, and holds membership in Warren 
Lodge, No. 240, Free and Accepted 
Masons: Warren Chapter, No. 180, Royal 
Arch Masons; Great Bend Commandery, 
No. 29, Knights Templar; Irene Temple, 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Wilkes- 
Barre; Lodge No. 151, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and the Improved Order 
of Red Men. As a citizen Mr. Denney is 
public-spirited to a marked degree, his 
personality is pleasing, and he is a gentle- 
man of thorough culture and high intel- 
lectual attainments. 

Mr. Denney married, November 2, 1893, 
Rose E. Jones, born May 4, 1870, daugh- 
ter of Byron Jones, of Wayne county, 
Pennsylvania. 



BERGER, William Henry, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

Never should it be forgotten that, long 
before the steel industry dazzled the world 
by its magnitude and magnificence, fortunes 
were amassed in Pittsburgh by men who 
were the sires of the present-day autocra- 
cies. Masterful and impressive figures they 
were, these business men of the old time, 
and prominent among them, as they rise be- 
fore our retrospective vision, is the form 
of the late William Henry Berger, for 
thirty years head of the widely-known Ber- 



857 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ger Manufacturing Company and long 
closely associated with the most vital in- 
terests of his adopted city. 

Jacob Berger, father of William Henry 
Berger, was born August 25, 1788, and in 
1836 removed from Philadelphia to Pitts- 
burgh, where he established a well known 
contracting company. He married Lydia 

Gardner, daughter of and Sarah 

Ann (Gardner) Wellington. Sarah Ann 
Gardner was a daughter of a Gardner, 
another of whose daughters married a Wil- 
liam Appleton, of the Appleton family of 
New England. The arms of the Gardner 
family are : Azure. On a chevron argent, 
between three griffin's heads erased or, as 
many martlets sable. These arms are very 
ancient and honorable. Jacob Berger died 
February 8, 1861, leaving an honorable 
record both as a business man and a citizen. 
William Henry, son of Jacob and Lydia 
Gardner (Wellington) Berger, was born 
August 7, 1835, in Philadelphia, and was 
an infant when the family removed to Pitts- 
burgh. He was educated in the public 
schools of that city, and on leaving school 
began his business career as a messenger 
boy in the service of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company. As companions in 
this employment he had Andrew Carnegie 
and the late David McCargo, and as the 
three boys raced the streets of Pittsburgh, 
bearing messages and executing commis- 
sions little did they or any one else dream 
of the future which awaited them. Mr. 
McCargo attained success through the rail- 
roads, the story of the achievements of Mr. 
Carnegie, last survivor of the trio, is known 
to the world, and William Henry Bergel 
became the founder of a manufacturing 
company which was under his direct and 
active management for over thirty years. 

It was not long before Jacob Berger re- 
moved his son from the messenger service 
and made him his associate in the contract- 
ing business. In this new sphere the youth 
rapidly developed those remarkable talents 
by which he was distinguished throughout 



his after life and as time went on the father 
and son were numbered among the fore- 
most contractors of the city. Working side 
by side, they constructed the barracks with- 
in the old Pittsburgh arsenal, and later, 
entering upon a new line of business, be- 
came proprietors of the first shovel-handle 
manufacturing house west of the Alle- 
ghenies, their works being situated at Dia- 
mond and Smithfield streets. 

After the death of his father, Mr. Berger 
disposed of his interests in the shovel- 
handle factory and engaged in the wooden- 
ware and sawed lumber business, having 
works at Twenty-eight street and the Alle- 
gheny railroad station. Possessing a large 
degree that intense energy which vitalizes 
all with which it comes in contact, his rise 
to a commanding position in the business 
circles of the Iron City was rapid and main- 
tained with constantly augmenting strength 
and security. Respected by his associates 
and served with loyal zeal by his subor- 
dinates whose best interests he ever sought 
to promote, he was recognized as a clear- 
headed manufacturer of broad views and 
superior business methods, in the inmost 
circle of those closest to the interests which 
most largely conserved the growth and 
progress of the city. In 1893 he retired 
from business. 

Despite the engrossing nature of his 
duties as head of the Berger Manufacturing 
Company, Mr. Berger's superabundant 
energy and systematic habits enabled him to 
give time and attention to other interests. 
He was vice-president of the New York and 
Cleveland Gas and Coal Company, and a 
director of the Second National Bank, also 
of Homewood Cemetery, of which he had 
been one of the organizers. In all concerns 
relative to the city's welfare, Mr. Berger's 
interest was deep and sincere, and wherever 
substantial aid would further public pro- 
gress it was freely given. In politics he was 
a Republican, and close observation of men 
and measures, combined with rapidity of 
judgment, enabled him, in the midst of in- 




'Z^^tlX^c^-'-^^ , /V^^/l^L-^:.^>^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cessant business activity, to give to the 
affairs of the community effort and counsel 
of genuine value. On many occasions his 
penetrating thought added wisdom to public 
movements. Ever ready to respond to any 
deserving call made upon him, he was widely 
but unostentatiously charitable, and in his 
work of this character he brought to bear 
the same discrimination and thoroughness 
that were manifest in his business life. He 
was one of the organizers and a charter 
member of the Point Breeze Presbyterian 
Church. 

The countenance and bearing of Mr. Ber- 
ger were indicative of the energy and per- 
severance which, combined with unimpeach- 
able integrity, laid the foundation of his ex- 
traordinary success, while at the same time 
his face and manner were expressive of the 
geniality of nature and benevolence of dis- 
position which drew men to him and sur- 
rounded him with friends. He was soft- 
spoken, gentle-mannered, and of unruffled 
serenity and poise — suave without ostenta- 
tion, and breathing a self-respect in sim- 
plicity and charm. His mature judgment 
and ripe experience caused him to be much 
sought as an astute and capable adviser, his 
conservatism making him a factor of safety 
in business interests. 

Mr. Berger married, May 29, 1861, Jane, 
daughter of John and Jane (Asdale) Mc- 
Glone, the former a representative of a 
prominent Pittsburgh family, and they be- 
came the parents of the following children : 
William A. ; John Franklin ; Mrs. Winfield 
Scott Arter; Mrs. Charles Arbuthnot, 
junior, and Elizabeth, wife of Will Knox 
Dunlap. Mrs. Berger, a thinking woman, 
gifted with foresight and business acumen 
of a high order and withal possessed of 
much individuality and distinction, proved 
herself in all respects an ideal helpmate for 
the man who h^d chosen her to be the com- 
panion of his life. An accomplished home- 
maker, she caused him to find at his own 
fireside a refuge from the storm and stress 
of the business arena. Devotion to his 



wife and children was the ruling motive of 
his existence and his home was the abode 
of domestic joy and serenity. 

The death of Mr. Berger, which occurred 
April 13, 1903, removed from our city a 
man of stainless character in every relation 
of life, one whose motives were never ques- 
tioned and who exerted in the business 
world an influence as salutary as it was 
potent. Honorable in purpose and fear- 
less in conduct he stood for many years as 
one of the most eminent and valued citizens 
of Pittsburgh and the entire community 
mourned his loss and offered to his memory 
tributes of affection and respect. 

There is one class of her citizens whom 
Pittsburgh, irrespective of race, creed or 
party, delights to honor — the pioneers. 
Political antagonisms, social distinctions 
and religious differences are all forgotten in 
the contemplation of the indomitable ag- 
gressiveness and steadfast determination of 
the men who laid deep and sure the founda- 
tions on which their successors have reared 
the noble and wonderful city of the present 
time. The Pittsburgh of To-day salutes her 
creators and none among them does she 
hold in greater honor than that true Pitts- 
burgher of the old time — William Henry 
Berger. 



SEIP, Harry G., 

Business Man, Pnblic Official. 

Harry G. Seip, a widely known politician 
and successful business man of Easton, is a 
good example of the able, reliable and pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, whose presence is a con- 
serving force, and a bulwark of justice and 
truth for his native city, where his entire 
life has been spent. He was born No- 
vember 28, 1870, son of Roseberry and 
Emma Seip. 

Roseberry Seip was a native of Easton, 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania, born 
March 30. 1843, died April 22, 1913, at the 
age of three-score years and ten. During the 
Civil War he served in the 129th Regiment 

859 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania Volunteers, re-enlisted in the 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, and served through- 
out the entire conflict, having an excellent 
record for bravery in the most trying mo- 
ments. In 1886 he moved to Brooklyn, 
New York, and v^fhile a resident of that city 
became a member of Ford Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic. At the expiration 
of eighteen years he returned to his native 
city, Easton. In 1873, when the govern- 
ment began the free delivery of mail in Eas- 
ton, Mr. Seip was appointed the second 
carrier, filling that position for many years. 
He also served as a constable of the First 
Ward for three years, and in the days of 
the old volunteer fire department Mr. Seip 
was a member of the old Humane Fire 
Company and the Southwark Hook and 
Ladder Company. He was always active 
in Republican politics in the First Ward, 
where he acted as party leader many years 
ago. He married Emma Glessner, and 
among their children was Harry G., of 
whom further. 

In early boyhood Harry G. Seip began 
work by selling newspapers in his native 
city, then clerked in stores and drove 
wagons, and in 1888 entered the employ 
of Mr. Garren, who conducted a restau- 
rant in a two-story frame structure, his 
task being the opening of oysters. In 1902, 
upon the death of Mr. Garren, who pre- 
viously became his father-in-law, Mr. Seip 
became the proprietor of the business, and 
it is a noteworthy fact, highly creditable to 
the executive business ability of Mr. Seip, 
that the business has grown rapidly and is 
now widely known as one of the high class 
restaurants of the Lehigh Valley. During 
these years the modest frame structure was 
replaced by a brick building, commodious 
and well-appointed in every respect, which 
the numerous patrons have thoroughly en- 
joyed, but the proprietor, not being satis- 
fied with this, started the erection of a mag- 
nificent, modem, fire-proof building, rep- 
resenting an investment of $100,000, now 
(1914) completed. This accommodates 



over five hundred people, who have all the 
advantages of the most modern improve- 
ments and service, even to water drawn 
from an artesian well on the premises, and 
the entire structure is conspicuous for its 
beauty and usefulness. Mr. Seip is a strik- 
ing example of a self made man, winning 
his way to success through laborious work, 
persistency and perseverance, and his career 
should prove an incentive to many a boy at 
the threshold of life. 

Politically, Mr. Seip has been prominent 
for many years. In the days when the late 
General Reeder was Republican county 
chairman, Mr. Seip was one of his trusty 
lieutenants. In 1900 Mr. Seip was ap- 
pointed Supervisor of the Census, including 
Carbon, Lehigh and Northampton counties, 
and in 1910 he was appointed Supervisor of 
Census under President Taft for the Con- 
gressional District composing Northampton, 
Carbon, Pike and Monroe counties, by the 
Hon. Boise Penrose. He served on the City 
Council of Easton for ten consecutive years, 
and was the originator and instrumental in 
having several city ordinances passed, 
namely: The taking in of projecting signs 
and awnings; no bay windows; no more 
brick pavements. Mr. Seip is now serving 
in the capacity of Republican county 
chairman, and member of the Republican 
State Committee, and during his tenure of 
oflSce has sought to serve his fellow-citizens 
and benefit his native city. He advocated 
the site for the new Post Office, and was 
instrumental in securing an appropriation 
of $100,000. 

Mr. Seip affiliates with St. John's Luth- 
eran Church of Easton, and fraternally he 
belongs to the following organizations and 
clubs : Easton Board of Trade ; Northamp- 
ton County Law, Order and License Lea- 
gue ; Sons of Veterans ; Dallas Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, in which he holds a 
life membership, joining in December, 1892; 
Easton Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, in 
■which he holds a life membership, joining at 
the same time; Hugh DePayen Command- 



860 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ery, Knights Templar, in which he holds 
a life membership, joining at the same time : 
Caldwell Consistory, thirty-second degree, 
of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania ; Rajah 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, in which he holds a life 
membership, 19 lo; Lehicton Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; Easton 
Lodge, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks; Saranac Tribe, Improved Order of 
Red Men ; Fraternal Order of Eagles ; 
Loyal Legion, Triple City Council ; Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs; Humane Fire 
Company, of Easton ; Franklin Fire Com- 
pany ; the A. A. A. Club of America ; Op- 
timistic Club, of New York; the Manu- 
facturers Club, of Philadelphia ; Pen Argyl 
Republican Club ; Lincoln Republican Club, 
of Bethlehem ; Northampton Republican 
Club, of Easton ; McKinley Club, of Easton. 
Mr. Seip married, May 12, 1909, Helen 
M. Garren, born October 6, 1886, daughter 
of Philip H. and Emma Garren. Children : 
Raymond J., Jacob G., Harry G. Jr. 



BRUNNER, Morris Winfleld, D. O., 
Osteopathic Physician. 

Dr. Morris Winfield Brunner, a de- 
scendant of one of the oldest and most 
prominent families of this locality, whose 
ancestors emigrated to this country and in- 
troduced the thrifty and industrious habits 
of the old world in all trades, professions 
and vocations that they followed, was born 
November 7, 1872, in Perry county, Penn- 
sylvania, about two miles south of New 
Bloomfield. His father, William Brunner, 
was the owner of lands and other property 
in his native county, and became a well 
known and prominent farmer ; he was also 
a brick-maker, having his own brick yards, 
and doing a lucrative business. He grew 
to be a man of eminence in the locality in 
which he lived, and for twenty years was a 
director of the public schools. He was the 
son of Abraham Brunner, and was closely 
related to other families of note in Lebanon 



and Perry counties, all of whom were de- 
scendants of the same original stock. Wil- 
liam Brunner married Sarah Brindle, and 
they had eleven sons and three daughters, 
namely : George, William, Mary, Ithamer, 
Abraham, David, Margaret, Charles S., 
John F., Jacob R., Morris Winfield, Eliza- 
beth, and two sons who died at an early 
age. The family grew up in the faith of 
their ancestors and were members of the 
United Brethren Church. 

Dr. Morris Winfield Brunner, who has 
now a large and growing practice in Le- 
banon county, was, like his brothers and 
sisters, born on the old farm near New 
Bloomfield that was the scene of his father's 
industry for so many years, and for the 
first nineteen years of his life rendered his 
due share of assistance in cultivating the 
land and contributing to the support of the 
family. He was in the meantime acquiring 
the foundation of a good practical edu- 
cation at the public schools of the county, 
of which his father was one of the directors. 
After finishing his course in the county 
schools and learning all that could be taught 
there, he attended the Academy at New 
Bloomfield for three terms. He then en- 
tered the Cumberland Valley State Normal 
School, from which he was graduated in 
1895, going from there to the Lebanon Val- 
ley Collese and continuing his studies until 
his graduation in the year 1901. His atten- 
tion being then turned to osteopathy, he 
took a subsequent course in the Philadelphia 
College and Infirmary of Osteopathy, from 
which he obtained his degree in 1904. In 
the meantime he had been teaching and can- 
\assing in order to supply the means for 
the thorough education which he had been 
determined to acquire. After his nineteenth 
year he discontinued his agricultural work 
on the farm and turned his attention to 
teaching, being for four years an instructor 
in the schools of his native county. Turn- 
ing from this work in Perry county, he then 
taught for an additional year in Lebanon 
county, accumulating sufficient funds to 



861 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



continue his studies, which he pursued with 
unabated zeal, and winning the final success 
which his ambition and industry had well 
justified. He has become one of the best 
known citizens of Lebanon, and is a rising 
man in his profession, to which he con- 
tinues to give his undivided and enthusiastic 
attention. In social and religious circles he 
is well known and influential, maintaining 
his membership in the United Brethren 
church, and belonging to a number of fra- 
ternal organizations, namely: Lebanon 
Lodge, No. 121, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; Lebanon Lodge, Knights and 
Ladies of Honor ; Lebanon Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias. 

Mr. Brunner married, March 28, 1906, 
at Reading, Pennsylvania, Ivanora Light, 
daughter of Solomon Riegel and Catherine 
Ann (Gockley) Light, and a descendant of 
one of the oldest and most respected 
families in this section. Dr. and Mrs. 
Brunner have one child, Dorothy Light 
Brunner, born March 11, 1907. 

The Light family in its various branches 
in this and adjoining counties is one of the 
most cultured and esteemed families of 
Pennsylvania, contributing to the citizenship 
of the State pub'ic-spirited men in every 
rank and department — lawyers, justices of 
the peace, instructors, physicians, merchants, 
farmers, school directors, postmasters, 
and trustees and officers in an endless vari- 
ety of commercial and industrial enterprises. 
For many years the name has represented 
the highest standard of public service, and 
its representatives have taken conspicuous 
positions in all political, business and re- 
ligious affairs in North and South Lebanon 
townships. There are a great many mem- 
bers of this family in Lebanon, all of whom 
are more or less close relationships, and all 
descendants from the original immigrant, 
John Peter Light, the first of the name of 
whom we have any authentic record. He 
came over from the Palatinate in Germany 
in 1719, and located in vi'hat is now Le- 
banon county, then Lancaster, where stands 



the old Light Fort on the old Union Canal, 
just east of Eleventh street, in the city of 
Lebanon. This was during the reign of the 
English Queen Anne. John Peter Light 
purchased a large tract of land embracing 
in its boundaries most of the site of what is 
now the city of Lebanon, and erected the 
usual log house, a structure which was 
later replaced by a substantial stone one. 
He married, in 1723, Maria Kreider. He 
was the father of four sons — Henry, Jacob, 
Martin, and John Jr. John Jr. married, in 
1750, Anna Landis, and they had six sons 
and three daughters. Abraham, sixth son 
of John Jr., was born in 1770, and married 
Barbara Landis in 1790. Their son, Abra- 
ham (2d), married, in 1816, Salma Riegel, 
and their fourth child, Solomon, was father 
of Ivanora Light, who became the wife of 
Dr. Morris W. Brunner. The various 
branches passed through the vicissitudes to 
which the early settlers were subjected, 
privation, hard work, and Vi'ars with the In- 
dians, but emerged triumphant through all, 
and have become the aristocracy and landed 
gentry of this section. 



KIRK, David, 

Pioneer in Oil Industry. 

The oil hierarchy was founded in Pitts- 
burgh. Pittsburgh men it was who devel- 
oped the first oil fields, made the first oil 
markets and inaugurated the system of 
transporting the invaluable fluid. Prom- 
inent among the pioneers of this mighty 
industry was the late David Kirk, President 
of the Pure Oil Company and an authority 
in regard to everything pertaining to the 
production and operation of one of the 
greatest of Pittsburgh's natural resources. 
For nearly half a century Mr. Kirk was 
conspicuously identified not only with the 
industrial interests but with the political 
and social life of his home city and also with 
her philanthropic institutions. 

David Kirk was born February 15, 183 1, 
in Lesmohagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, 



862 




£af-^ ci ^Jni/c 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was a son of Arthur and Marian the Producers' Association. As president 



(Smith) Kirk, both of whom were natives 
of that country and scions of staunch old 
Presbyterian stock. In 1839 they emigrated 
to the United States, hving for some time 
in Butler county, Pennsylvania, and later 
removing to Allegheny. About 1861 David 
Kirk engaged in the grocery business in 
partnership with Joseph Allen, under the 
firm name of Kirk & Allen, their store be- 
ing situated in what is now South Diamond 
street, North Side. 

Enterprise was always one of Mr. Kirk's 
most marked characteristics and he was 
among the first to take advantage of the dis- 
covery of oil. Immediately after that event 
he removed to Collins township, now the 
Eighteenth ward, and there built and 
operated one of the pioneer oil refineries. 
Later he migrated to Bradford, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he organized the McCalmont 
Oil Company, an enterprise which proved 
signally successful, mainly in consequence 
of the influence of Mr. Kirk's vigorous, 
compelling nature which made prosperity in 
anything he undertook a "foregone conclu- 
sion." Subsequently Mr. Kirk sold his in- 
terest to the other stockholders and for 
some years lived in retirement in Pittsburgh, 
having large investments in property in the 
East End. 

As a business man, this oil magnate was 
in many respects a model, combining as he 
did indomitable perseverance and ability to 
read the future with unusual capacity for 
judging the motives and merits of men. 
This insight enabled him to put the right 
man in the right place and thus to fill the 
various departments of his business with 
assistants who seldom failed to meet his ex- 
pectations. To his associates and subordi- 
nates he endeared himself not only as a 
strong and capable official, true to every 
trust, but as a man of unvarying justice 
and unfailing benevolence. He was prom- 
inent among those independent oil operator.* 
who contended for relief from railroad dis- 
crimination, becoming an active member of 



of the Pure Oil Com.pany he was one of 
the chief witnesses examined in 1888 by 
the House Committee on Manufactures in 
its investigation of trusts. 

In all concerns relative to the city's wel- 
fare, Mr. Kirk's interest was deep and sin- 
cere, and never did he refuse aid and in- 
fluence to any project which he deemed cal- 
culated to further that end. An indepen- 
dent Republican, he took an active part in 
municipal affairs, for several terms repre- 
senting his ward in the councils and serv- 
ing for many years as school director. On 
two occasions he was the candidate of his 
party for congress. Ever ready to respond 
to any deserving call made upon him, his 
charity was of the kind that shuns pub- 
licity. 

Of strong mental endowments and busi- 
ness capacity of a high order, Mr. Kirk was 
a man of commanding personality. His 
dominant characteristic was his unflinching 
integrity — the cornerstone of his success. 
Earnest in all his aims and of invincible de- 
termination, his business associates at times 
failed to understand his far-sighted pro- 
jects, but one and all never denied him 
credit for purity of purpose and personal 
honor. So broad were his sympathies that 
he might truly be called a man universal. 
Large as was his mind his heart was larger. 
His countenance was a faithful index to 
his character, reflecting as it did his nobility 
of soul. Appreciation of the good traits 
of others was a prominent feature of his 
character, and he was an ardent and loyal 
friend. Dignified, courteous and genial, 
he was a true and kindly gentleman and a 
brave and upright man. 

Mr. Kirk married (first) May 22. 1856, 
Ellen Baldwin, of Allegheny, Pennsylvania. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Kirk: Walter 
M., of Twin Falls. Idaho: Mary B., wife 
of Tames L. Davidson, of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia : Mrs. Ella Bovaird, Pittsburgh; 
Elizabeth, widow of William J. Post. Pitts- 
burgh ; David, of Kane. Pennsylvania; 



863 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Clara N., wife of Dr. Frank S. Post, of 
Portland, Oregon; Albert E., Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. Kirk died December 30, 1885, and 
Mr. Kirk married (second) June 27, 1890, 
Ella, daughter of Merrick and Ruth (Dyer) 
Boyce, of Bangor, Maine. Mrs. Kirk is 
widely known as one of the pioneers in 
social centre work in the United States and 
is a charter member of the Social Centre 
Association of America. She was the first 
woman city superintendent of schools in 
the United States, holding this position at 
Bradford, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Kirk has 
accomplished notable results in the Green- 
wich School in New York City, and her 
text book on enunciation and articulation 
has recently been adopted by the New York 
School Board. 

The closing years of his life were for the 
greater part spent by Mr. Kirk at his beau- 
tiful home in the East End, surrounded by 
the books and pictures he loved, many of 
them mementoes of his extended travels. 
He was devoted to the ties of family and 
friendship, regarding them as sacred obli- 
gations. One of his chief pleasures was the 
exercise of hospitality. All who were ever 
privileged to be his guests could testify that 
he was an incomparable host, possessed of 
unfailing tact and graphic powers of con- 
versation which were always controlled by 
great kindness of heart. He was a lover of 
literature and a man of thorough and varied 
information. Young men in whom he dis- 
cerned unusual qualities of mind of heart 
awakened his special interest and many of 
them were indebted to him for aid in their 
first start in life. 

On December 22, 1906, Mr, Kirk passed 
away, leaving the memory of a life sing- 
ularly complete, full of goodness and 
crowned with achievement. Irreproachable 
alike in his public and private relations, he 
fulfilled to the letter every trust committed 
to him and was generous in his feelings and 
conduct toward all. 

David Kirk was a true Scotsman. By 



the force of his ancestral traits he aided 
in the upbuilding of one of the stupendous 
industries which have given to the metro- 
polis of Pennsylvania her world-wide re- 
nown, thus proving his right to the title of 
Scottish-American — Pittsburgh's ideal cit- 
izen. 



MILLER, James A., 

Bnsinesa Man, Public Official. 

James A. Miller, a prominent business 
man of New Tripoli, Lehigh county, Penn- 
sylvania, was born May 3, 1863, on the 
family homestead in Lynn township, Lehigh 
county, Pennsylvania. His immigrant an- 
cestor was Andrew Miller, his great-grand- 
father, who was a native of Switzerland, an 
early settler in Lehigh county, and who 
married and reared a family. 

John Miller, son of Andrew Miller, was 
born on the family homestead, and was 
educated in the neighborhood schools. He 
was a farmer by occupation. He married 
Marie Rex, also of Lehigh county. 

Reuben Miller, son of John Miller, was 
bom in the family homestead, November 
27, 1824. He was educated in the common 
schools, and was a farmer by occupation, 
acquiring an ample competence as a re- 
ward of his industry. His later years were 
spent in pleasant retirement in New Tripoli, 
where he died. May 17, 1904. He married 
Sarah A. Mantz, daughter of David Mantz. 
Children: i. James A., of whom further. 
2. Alvena M., married Reuben H. Fisher, 
and had four children. 3. George D., mar- 
ried Josephine Oldt, by whom three chil- 
dren. 4. Mary J., married James D. Sny- 
der. 5. William A., married Savilla 
Krause ; by whom one child. 5. Catherine 
E., deceased. 

James A. Miller, son of Reuben Miller, 
passed his youth on the homestead farm, 
assisting in its cultivation during the spring 
and summer months. He acquired an ex- 
cellent education, beginning in the public 



864 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



schools and thence passing to several select 
schools, and to such good purpose that he 
taught for some years, and gained such rep- 
utation as a capable instructor as to give 
promise of rapid advancement in the in- 
structional field had he adopted it for his 
life work. He was, however, inclined to 
a business career, and entered the employ 
of his father-in-law, Jonas German, whose 
store and hotel business he successfully 
managed for a period of nineteen years, 
ending with July 5, 1900, when Mr. Ger- 
man died. Mr. Miller then purchased the 
hotel property and general store, both of 
which he has successfully conducted to 
the present time. He is a leading factor in 
business affairs, and since 1903 has been a 
director of the Merchant's National Bank 
of Allentown, a flourishing institution, to 
which he affords excellent advisory service. 
In 1885 he was elected justice of the peace, 
in which position he has been continued by 
reelection to 1914. He is an earnest advo- 
cate of Democratic principles, and is re- 
garded as a most capable local leader in his 
party. He was elected to the Senate of 
Pennsylvania to represent Lehigh county in 
1910. He has ably served in this capacity a 
term of four years, and is now a candidate 
for reelection. He is a member of various 
fraternal bodies — the Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Knights of the Golden Eagle, and the Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics. He 
is also a member of the Pennsylvania Ger- 
man Society. He and his family attend the 
German Reformed church. 

Mr. Miller married, in 1881, Louisa G. 
German, daughter of Jonas German, a resi- 
dent farmer and business man of Lynn 
township. Of this marriage was born one 
child — Ralph E., January 26, 1882, a grad- 
uate of Ursinus College, class of 1905, who 
is married to Alma J. Clamer, daughter of 
Francis J. and Julia Clamer, of Collegeville, 
Pennsylvania. Two children were born to 
this union — Margaret Louise, July 5, 1908, 
and Robert Clamer, December 17, 1909. 



HORN, Harry Yohe, M. D., 

Physician, Surgeon, Public Official. 

Dr. Harry Y. Horn, whose name is widely 
known in the Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania, 
as an eminent and successful medical prac- 
titioner in the borough of Coplay, Lehigh 
county, also the proprietor of a drug store 
in successful operation, is a descendant of a 
family of German extraction, long seated 
in this country, noted for its patriotism 
and fidelity to duty, and for many other ex- 
cellent characteristics which have been 
transmitted in large degree to its descend- 
ants, prominent among whom in the present 
generation is Dr. Horn. 

The first ancestor of the line here under 
consideration was Abram Horn, a resident 
of Pennsylvania, who served as captain dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War, and' as colonel 
of the First Pennsylvania Regiment during 
the War of 181 2. Among his children was 
Abram Jr., who served as postmaster of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, during President 
Jackson's administration, also State Sur- 
veyor for the Eastern District of Pennsyl- 
vania. He married Susan Hay. Among 
their children was Melchoir, born in Easton, 
in 1783, and married Isabel Trail, and 
among their children was Melchoir Hay, 
born in Easton, April 9, 1822, died Febru- 
ary 28, i8go. He served as colonel of the 
Twenty-eighth Regiment of Pennsylvania 
Volunteers in the Civil War, filled many 
public positions of trust and responsibility, 
and was cashier of the Catasauqua National 
Bank. He married, October 12, 1845, Ma- 
tilda L. Heller, born March i, 1823, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Heller, and a descendant of 
Christopher Heller, who embarked with his 
son, Johan Simon Heller, at Rotterdam, on 
the ship "Winter Galley." and arrived at 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 5, 
1736. Melchoir and Matilda L. (Heller) 
Horn were the parents of the following 
children: Susan Butz, born September 15, 
1846, married, April 21, 1874, Martin L. 



865 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dreisbach; William H., born December 2, years; as burgess of Coplay, his tenure of 



1847; Edward Trail, born June 10, 1850, 
married, June 15, 1880, Harriet Chisholm; 
Frank Melchoir, born October 16, 1852, 
married, January 18, 1882, Elizabeth F. 
Williams; Harry Yohe, of whom further; 
Isabella Trail, born February 4, 1861, died 
February 5, 1882; Charles Robert, born 
October 16, 1863, married, June 23, 1886, 
Blanche Thomas. 

Dr. Harry Y. Horn was born in Cata- 
sauqua, Pennsylvania, January 18, 1859. 
He attended the schools in the vicinity of 
his home, pursued a literary course in Le- 
high University, and then matriculated in 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
from which he was graduated with the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine in the class of 
1879. He at once engaged in active prac- 
tice at Laury's Station, but after a resi- 
dence of one year there removed to Cop- 
lay, his present residence. His skill and 
ability, combined with his comprehensive 
knowledge of his chosen line of work and 
the interest he displayed in each and every 
case entrusted to his care, soon won for 
him the confidence of the people in his 
community, and he was rewarded by a lib- 
eral patronage which has increased in vol- 
ume and importance up to the present time. 
He is also acting as surgeon for the Lehigh 
Valley Railroad Company, consulting sur- 
geon for Allentown Hospital, surgeon for 
the Atlas Portland Cement Company, sur- 
geon for the Coplay Cement Manufacturing 
Company. In addition to these varied duties 
he opened a drug store in Coplay in 1900, 
which is fully equipped with everything 
needful for the preparing of prescriptions, 
which are carefully looked after by com- 
petent persons, and also carries a large stock 
of commodities peculiar to that line of trade. 
His prominence as a physician and his high 
character as a man led to his appointment 
as president of the Coplay National Bank, 
in which capacity he is serving at the pres- 
ent time (1913) ; to membership on the 
school board, where he served for sixteen 



this office being noted for efficiency and 
capability; and as a member of the com- 
mon council. These facts are conclusive 
evidence that he has ever taken a keen 
interest in the development and progress of 
his adopted city, his influence for good 
being felt in many channels. 

Dr. Horn married (first) in 1881, Annie, 
daughter of Peter Heller, of Allentown, 
who bore him six children : Matilda H., 
Isabel T., George P., Robert T., Annie H., 
Harry Y. Mrs. Horn died in 1887, and Dr. 
Horn married (second) Florence, daughter 
of Charles Heller, of Allentown, who bore 
him three children : Fannie H., Charles W., 
and Louise F. 



PITCAIRN, Alexander, 

Man of Affairs, School Official. 

There is no finer type of citizen than the 
man of sterling business talent and high 
moral worth whose activities are all devoted 
to the advancement of the best interests of 
his community. Such a man was the late 
Alexander Pitcairn, for many years a mem- 
ber of the well known firm of Smith & 
Pitcairn, and officially connected with a 
number of industrial and financial institu- 
tions. For more than half a century Mr. 
Pitcairn was a resident of Pittsburgh, and 
aided largely in the promotion of all that 
made for her progress and well-being. 

Alexander Pitcairn was born August 29, 
183 1, in Lowell, Massachusetts, and was the 
eldest son of Robert and Jean (Edwards) 
Pitcairn whose other children were : Ed- 
ward ; and Artemas, deceased, a sketch and 
portrait of whom appear elsewhere in this 
work. John Pitcairn, of Philadelphia, 
chairman of the board of directors of the 
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, is a 
cousin. Alexander Pitcairn was educated 
in the common schools of his native city, 
but in his early manhood felt a desire for 
larger opportunities than those afforded by 
his circumstances and environment. At the 
866 




JV ^^^ueauMt, tf^f,jvy 




1^-. 



''C'^'^^-<:>-x. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



age of nineteen Mr. Pitcairn came to Pitts- 
burgh and entered a tailoring establishment 
on Sixth street, where he spent some time 
in making himself master of every detail 
of the business. He then formed a partner- 
ship with William Smith, under the firm 
name of Smith & Pitcairn, and for twenty 
years conducted a flourishing business. His 
remarkable sagacity, clear judgment, un- 
wearied energy and unimpeachable integ- 
rity rapidly advanced him to a prominent 
place in the mercantile circles of the city 
and built up for him an enduring and en- 
viable reputation. At the end of a score of 
years of business activity Mr. Pitcairn 
bought out the Excelsior Transfer Com- 
pany, afterward the E.xcelsior Express and 
Standard Cab Company. He was a direc- 
tor and stockholder in the National Trust 
Company, and a director in the Columbian 
Oil Company. He was also at one time one 
of the directors of the Third National Bank. 
Unswerving in his devotion to the best 
interests of his city, Mr. Pitcairn was ac- 
tively identified with every movement 
which, in his judgment, tended to further 
those ends. A Republican in politics, he 
was never an office-seeker, but invariably 
gave loyal support to all measures which 
he deemed calculated to conserve the inter- 
ests of good government. From December 
lo, 1872, until February 14, 1888, Mr. Pit- 
cairn served continuously on the Pittsburgh 
School Board, and was one of the oldest 
members in point of service. He was at 
one time chairman of the High School Com- 
mittee and later president of the Board of 
Education. A man of broad vision, aggres- 
siveness and foresight, Mr. Pitcairn did a 
great work for the city in an educational 
way. Serving for years on the Liberty 
Sub-district School Board, and foreseeing 
the great growth of that section of Pitts- 
burgh, he was influential in the board's buy- 
ing almost an entire block of land on Ells- 
worth avenue and erecting thereon the Lib- 
erty School building. Bitterly criticised for 



his activity in this, time soon showed the 
wisdom of his action, as this building 
quickly proved too small and before it was 
paid for another had to be erected. 

Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, such was Mr. Pitcairn's 
abhorrence of publicity that the full num- 
ber of his benefactions will in all probabil- 
ity ever remain unknown. His public spirit 
was especially manifest in the pioneer work 
which he did in the interests of the city's 
fire department, serving as one of the first 
fire commissioners. He was quick to notice 
signs of unusual qualities of mind or heart 
in anyone, and social distinctions were 
ignored by him, industry and brains being 
the patents to the only aristocracy which he 
recognized. He attended the New Jeru- 
salem (Swedenborgian) Church. 

The personality of Mr. Pitcairn was that 
of a man of strong mental endowments, 
business capacity of a high order, generous 
impulses and a chivalrous sense of honor. 
It was said of him, "He was a man who 
kept his word absolutely." Himself a true 
friend, he possessed the gift of inspiring 
loyal friendship in others. A man of cul- 
tured tastes, he was a wide reader and an 
interesting conversationalist. He was active 
in the formation of the Junta Club, a liter- 
ary organization composed of a small num- 
ber of men, which met at the homes of its 
members to discuss the questions of the 
day, thus keeping in touch with current 
events. His dominant characteristics were 
imprinted on his countenance, and his man- 
ner and bearing were invariably dignified, 
courteous and genial. 

Mr. Pitcairn married, April 13, 1854, 
Janet, daughter of John and Agnes (Mc- 
Ewen) Pitcairn, whose other children were: 
Robert, of Pittsburgh, deceased ; John, of 
Philadelphia, mentioned above ; Hugh, a 
physician, deceased ; and Mrs. M. P. 
Starkey, deceased, of Philadelphia. The 
father of these children was a noted me- 
chanical expert of Johnstone, near Paisley, 



867 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Scotland. He and his wife, soon after their 
marriage emigrated to the United States, 
but later leturned to their native land, re- 
maining some years. In 1846, however, 
they came again to this country, settling in 
Pittsburgh. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pitcairn were the parents 
of the following children : Edward, treas- 
urer of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Com- 
pany; Agnes; Helen, wife of S. S. Lind- 
say, of Pittsburgh ; and David A., of the 
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. Mrs. Pit- 
cairn, a woman of fine fibre and delicate 
culture, full of grace and self-possession, 
and withal breathing the charm of domes- 
ticity, was in all respects fitted to be the 
helpmate of a man like her husband, the 
ruling motive of whose life was love for 
his home and family, and who delighted to 
entertain his friends. For a few years they 
resided on the North Side, removing, in 
1865, to the East End, where they had a 
most charming home. Mrs. Pitcairn con- 
tinues in her widowhood the charitable 
work in which she and her husband were 
so long united. 

On August 13, 1904, this honorable and 
kindly man closed his career of notable use- 
fulness and well-earned success. By his 
death Pittsburgh lost one of her most in- 
fluential citizens and one who had ever 
sought for her welfare and prosperity. Un- 
ostentatious in all he did, but of unwavering 
loyalty to principle, he fulfilled to the letter 
every trust committed to him and was gen- 
erous in his feelings and conduct toward all. 
As an intimate friend expressed it : "He 
was a clean, just, honest, fair and manly 
man every way you took him." 

Some lives there are, so effective and yet 
so quiet, that not until their assistance and 
support are withdrawn does the community 
realize how implicit has been its reliance 
upon them and how well-nigh impossible it 
will be to fill the vacancy caused by their 
removal. Such a life was that of Alexander 
Pitcairn. 



KOCH, Harry I., 

Insurance Undern^riter. 

One of the best known of the younger 
generation of AUentown business men is 
Harry I. Koch, foremost among the city's 
representatives of real estate and insurance 
interests. Since the age of twelve years 
Mr. Koch has been a resident of AUentown, 
and is thoroughly and conspicuously identi- 
fied with its business, social and fraternal 
interests. 

George J. Koch, father of Harry I. Koch, 
and son of Samuel Koch, removed from 
Chapman's Station to AUentown, where he 
engaged in the shoe business. He married 
Mary Alice, daughter of William Hun- 
sicker. The history of the Hunsicker fam- 
ily is given elsewhere in this work. Mr. 
George J. Koch has now retired from busi- 
ness. 

Harry I., son of George J. and Mary 
Alice (Hunsicker) Koch, was born Novem- 
ber 29, 1876, at Chapman's Station, and 
when the family removed to AUentown at- 
tended the pubhc schools, graduating from 
the high school in 1892. He then entered 
the American Business College, where he 
took a full course in bookkeeping. Mr. 
Koch began his business life as a transcrib- 
ing clerk in the office of the Recorder of 
Deeds, when that position was held by Mor- 
ris J. Stephens. He then entered the serv- 
ice of Krall & Company, furniture dealers, 
and later associated himself with the Yeager 
Furniture Company. With this firm he re- 
mained eight years in an executive capacity, 
and during this time was brought much into 
contact with the workingmen. In this way 
Mr. Koch became familiar with the aims, 
needs and desires of the man who toils. He 
made many friends among the employes, 
and his retirement was a cause of sincere 
regret on the part of every one associated 
with the business, from the heads of the 
firm to the lowest subordinate. The mer- 
cantile insurance business was the next field 




1& 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of endeavor in which Mr. Koch essayed his 
powers, forming a partnership with Ray 
Brown, under the firm name of Brown & 
Koch. As general insurance brokers the 
organization has conducted a very lucrative 
business, also in real estate, building up a 
high reputation for sagacity and integrity. 
Two years ago Mr. Koch was elected secre- 
tary of the Chamber of Commerce, an office 
which he has since continuously held, thus 
gaining much valuable knowledge in regard 
to the city's needs and requirements. 

Mr. Koch's many friends have for a long 
time desired him to enter public life, feeling 
that it was a sphere for which his adminis- 
trative abilities peculiarly fitted him. De- 
spite their entreaties, however, Mr. Koch 
persisted in his refusal until March, 1912, 
when he filed his papers with the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth as a candidate for 
the Democratic nomination for the Assem- 
bly from the First District of Lehigh county. 
He was defeated at the polls by about three 
hundred votes, the question of eligibility 
being brought up on a technicality at too 
late a moment to be controverted before 
election. Such men as he are needed in the 
field of politics no less than in the arena of 
business. 

During the years 1894-95-96, Mr. Koch 
was ardently devoted to athletics, and was 
an able competitor in many of the bicycle 
races of that period, being then considered 
the local expert, and he was a popular figure 
on race tracks, from New York to Harris- 
burg. He is an active and energetic mem- 
ber of the Allentown Lodge of Elks, and 
has passed all the chairs, now being a past 
exalted ruler of that order. During 1912- 
13 his services in the order were recognized 
by an appointment as a district deputy, as 
such having general jurisdiction over twen- 
ty-two lodges in his district. In 1912 he 
was a delegate to the Elks' Convention at 
Portland, Oregon, the trip taking him 
through many of the principal cities of the 
continent, in all of which he proved himself 
a close observer, comparing conditions as 



he found them with those existing in his 
home town. He has been a member of the 
Lehigh Democratic Club ever since attain- 
ing his majority, and he also belongs to the 
Lehigh Saengerbund. He has various other 
social and fraternal connections which have 
added to his already great personal popu- 
larity. He is a member of Christ Lutheran 
Church, having helped to organize the con- 
gregation and also the Sunday school. Of 
the latter body he has been secretary since 
its inception, and is an acknowledged expert 
in the keeping of Sunday school records, his 
method having become so popular as to be 
adopted by many of the Sunday schools of 
the Lutheran church. A paper upon the 
system, written and read by Mr. Koch, was 
so highly esteemed that it was published in 
pamphlet form and distributed among other 
Lutheran churches. He has been a mem- 
ber of the vestry of Christ Church and has 
also served as a deacon. 

Mr. Koch married, September 14, 1898, 
Carrie E. Miller, formerly of Danville, 
Montour county, and they are the parents 
of two children : George Herbert, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1899; and Jessie Walter, born 
January 19, 1901. Mr. and Mrs. Koch are 
both extremely popular in the social circles 
of Allentown. 

Mr. Koch is one of the men who, in what- 
ever community they are found, vitalize 
with their superabundant energy and earn- 
est public spirit all its best interests. The 
type is a comparatively rare one, but Harry 
I. Koch furnishes a fine example of it, and 
it is to be wished that it might be more fre- 
quently repeated. 



KAISER, Charles C, 

Financier, Business Man. 

Charles C. Kaiser, president of the Penn 
Counties Trust Company, Allentown, Penn- 
sylvania, and treasurer of the Dent Hard- 
w^are Company, is a wide-awake, progres- 
sive business man. He is of German birth. 
He was born in Darmstadt, Germany, and 



869 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is a son of George C. C. and Elizabeth 
(Brown) Kaiser. His father was a manu- 
facturer in Germany, and emigrated with 
his family to America. 

Charles C. Kaiser is their only child born 
in the Fatherland who is now living. He 
was reared in Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
where he acquired his early education, later 
supplementing it by a course in Baltimore, 
Maryland. Entering upon his business 
career, he was employed in a clerical capac- 
ity until his twentieth year. Subsequently 
he took charge of a dry goods store in a 
western State, and in 1888 came to Allen- 
town, where he was employed as foreman 
in the Allentown Hardware Company. In 
1894 he became interested in the organiza- 
tion of the Dent Hardware Company, and 
was chosen its treasurer. The Dent Hard- 
ware Company has shown remarkable 
growth, and is now one of the leading in- 
dustries in Lehigh county, and much credit 
is due the executive business heads. 

The Penn Counties Trust Company, 
Allentown, was organized in 191 1, and the 
honor of the presidency was bestowed on 
Mr. Kaiser, who is acknowledged to be a 
conservative farseeing business man who 
has contributed his full share to the success, 
growth and prosperity of the city, and has 
the confidence of the people. He is also a 
director in the National Bank of Cata- 
sauqua. 

In 1909, Mr. Kaiser was married to Mrs. 
Laura M. Wise. 



FRIEND, James Wood, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The first real epic in the romance of Pitts- 
burgh — the imperial era of steel — has car- 
ried the prestige of American industrial 
achievement to the remotest ends of the 
earth and made of the "Iron City" the 
"World's Anvil." Among the Princes of 
the Empire of Steel — one of the mightiest 
that history has ever seen — was the late 
James Wood Friend, president of the Clin- 



ton Iron and Steel Company, and through- 
out his entire business career an acknowl- 
edged leader in all movements and interests 
essential to the growth and prosperity of 
his native city and the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

Porter R. Friend, father of James Wood 
Friend, married Rebekah, daughter of 
James Wood, who was also the father of 
two sons — ^J. Theodore and Charles A. 
Wood. James Wood was probably the first 
practical steel and iron worker in Pitts- 
burgh, and for years operated an immense 
iron plant at Saw Mill Run. He was the 
owner of a large tract of land skirting the 
South Side, and Wood street is named in 
honor of this noble pioneer. The sons of 
Mr. Wood were the assistants of their 
father in business, but after the death of 
the latter the estate became insolvent and 
went into bankruptcy. 

James Wood Friend, son of Porter R. 
and Rebekah J. (Wood) Friend, was born 
November 2, 1845, on Third street, Pitts- 
burgh. He received his education in public 
and private schools, and later attended 
Pittsburgh Academy, which was near where 
the Court House now stands, and which 
later became the Western University of 
Pennsylvania, and now is the University of 
Pittsburgh. At the age of seventeen, Mr. 
Friend made his first entrance into the busi- 
ness world, being employed in his father's 
iron business, the name of the firm being 
P. R. Friend & Company. He worked here 
several years and then went with his grand- 
father, James Wood, in the iron business. 
He left this firm after his grandfather's 
death, when the business was involved ; first, 
however, with a wisdom beyond his years, 
assisting his mother to save a portion of the 
estate. He then purchased the Eagle Roll- 
ing Mill, at Saw-mill Run, and operated it 
under the name of J. W. Friend & Com- 
pany. Associated from his youth up with 
the leading business men of his native city, 
Mr. Friend's innate abilities, which were of 
no common order, expanded in an atmos- 



870 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



phere which fostered their rapid develop- 
ment and his advancement to the command- 
ing position which, for so many years, he 
filled with honor in manufacturing and 
financial circles, is a record of undaunted, 
persistent eflfort and stainless, unimpeach- 
able integrity. 

In 1886 the firm of Grafif, Bennett & 
Company, owners of plants on the South- 
side and at Millvale, became bankrupt, and 
when the property was sold, Mr. Friend, in 
association with F. M. Hofifstot, purchased 
both plants, the South Side plant being 
known as the Clinton Furnace, situated 
near the end of the Smithfield street bridge. 
When Charles T. Scboen invented the 
pressed steel car, which has revolutionized 
railroad freight transportation, Mr. Friend, 
with that intense progressiveness, which 
was ever one of his salient characteristics, 
was one of the members of the original cor- 
poration. In 1900, in connection with Mr. 
Hoffstot, Mr. Friend purchased the plant, 
situated at McKee's Rocks. This plant had 
been founded by Mr. Schoen, and when it 
changed hands the Pressed Steel Car Com- 
pany was organized with Mr. Hoffstot as 
president and Mr. Friend as vice-president. 
The affairs of this concern thenceforth ab- 
sorbed the greater portion of Mr. Friend's 
time and the result of his devotion to them 
was manifest in the rapid growth and ex- 
tremely flourishing condition of everything 
pertaining to the enterprise, which attained 
to the proportions of one of the giants of 
the industrial world. 

The vigorous, compelling nature of Mr. 
Friend and his keen, practical mind assured 
the success of every undertaking to which 
he gave his vitalizing energy. He was pres- 
ident and principal owner of the Clinton 
Iron and Steel Company, president of the 
People's Coal Company, chief owner of the 
Monongahela Dredging Company, holder of 
stock in other concerns and director in the 
Farmers' Deposit National Bank, the Ger- 
man National Bank of Allegheny, of which 
he was also vice-president ; director Pressed 



Steel Car Company, First National Bank 
of McKees Rocks and Chartiers Trust 
Company. He was also officer in several 
cement manufacturing companies and sev- 
eral land development and real estate com- 
panies. 

In politics Mr. Friend was a Republican, 
but took no active part in public affairs, and 
could never be persuaded to become a can- 
didate for office, preferring to concentrate 
his energies on his manufacturing and finan- 
cial interests. As a citizen with exalted 
ideas of good government and civic virtue 
he stood in the front rank, and no project 
which, in his judgment, tended to advance 
the welfare of Pittsburgh and of Pennsyl- 
vania lacked his hearty cooperation. Widely 
but unostentatiously charitable, he was ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call made 
upon him. Realizing that he would not 
pass this way again, he made wise use of 
his opportunities and his wealth, conform- 
ing his life to the loftiest standards of recti- 
tude. 

The countenance and bearing of Mr. 
Friend were indicative of his noble nature, 
his commanding abilities and his genial dis- 
position. Few men have been more be- 
loved and his friends, who were numberless, 
were to be found in all classes of the com- 
munity. He was a thirty-second degree 
Mason, and belonged to the Duquesne, 
Pittsburgh, Oakmont and Allegheny Coun- 
try clubs. He was a member of the Second 
Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Friend married, January 4, 1871, 
Martha Anne McClellan, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this sketch, and they 
became the parents of two sons and two 
daughters : Charles Wood ; Theodore W. ; 
Elizabeth, wife of William Howard Parke, 
and Rebekah, wife of Hay Walker. All 
these are residents of Pittsburgh. By his 
marriage Mr. Friend gained the life com- 
panionship of a charming and congenial 
woman, one fitted by native refinement, a 
bright mind and thorough education for her 
exacting duties as a leader of Pittsburgh 



871 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



society, duties which she discharges with 
the most perfect grace and winning tactful- 
ness. Withal Mrs. Friend is an accom- 
plished home-maker, and her gifted hus- 
band, who was never so happy as at his own 
fireside, surrounded by the beings he loved 
best on earth, ever found in her a help- 
mate truly ideal. Not long before the close 
of his life Mr. Friend and his family took 
possession of a beautiful residence on Squir- 
rel Hill, the building of which had been a 
source of great interest and pleasure to the 
one who was destined to be for so short a 
time its master. 

The death of Mr. Friend, which occurred 
December 26, 1909, deprived Pittsburgh of 
one of those substantial and aggressive busi- 
ness men who constitute the bulwark of a 
city's strength and development. Honor- 
able in purpose, fearless in conduct, he 
stood for many years as an able exponent 
of the spirit of the age in his efiforts to ad- 
vance progress and improvement. His busi- 
ness transactions were conducted in accord- 
ance with the highest principles, he fulfilled 
to the letter every trust committed to him 
and was generous in his feelings and con- 
duct toward all. 

William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, the 
famous statesman and "Creator of Modern 
England" in honor of whom Pittsburgh re- 
ceived her name, was beloved by the Amer- 
ican colonies as the champion of their lib- 
erties; James Wood Friend, one of the 
"Creators of Modern Pittsburgh," was ven- 
erated and loved by his native city as an ex- 
ample of business honor and civic virtue. 
And now, after he has ceased from earth, 
his memory is an object of reverence and 
affection, for his works follow him. 

(The McClellan Line). 

It is thought that all the families in the 
United States bearing the name of McClel- 
lan, McLellan, Maclellan and McClelland 
are derived from one original stock having 
its home in the southwestern part of Scot- 
land. About 1646, during the religious war, 



many families of the name removed from 
Scotland to Ireland, the migration being 
probably known in Ireland as the "Ulster 
Plantation," the settlements being made 
near Belfast and Dungannon. About 1760- 
70 numerous families, both from Scotland 
and Ireland, emigrated to the American 
colonies, settling in Nova Scotia, New Eng- 
land, New York, Pennsylvania, and the 
Carolinas. Theologically, the McClellans 
inclined toward Calvinism. Politically, they 
were largely Federalist and Whig and are 
now principally Republican. In Scotland 
they were loyal to the king, in Ireland they 
wore the '"Orange." 

"Laird" McClellan, founder of the Ches- 
ter county (Pennsylvania) branch of the 
family, was of Bannagachen, Ireland, and 
in 1685 was banished to the American 
colonies on account of the part he had taken 
in the wars. He was accompanied by three 
of his children and the family settled in the 
New Jersey neighborhood, where they re- 
mained until 1689, when news of a favor- 
able change in affairs at home caused the 
"Laird" to resolve to return. On the voy- 
age he was taken prisoner by the French, 
but finally arrived at home on the last day 
of October, 1691. The children remained 
in America and became the progenitors of 
the Chester county branch of the family. 

Joseph McClellan, great-great-great- 
grandfather of Mrs. Martha Anne (Mc- 
Clellan) Friend, married Elizabeth Evi'ing, 
and served with the rank of captain in the 
patriot army of the Revolution. The fol- 
lowing inscription is on his tombstone in 
the Octoraro cemetery: "An approved oflS- 
cer of the Revolution, an estimable and 
highly esteemed citizen and a sincere Chris- 
tian. In life respected and venerated; in 
death, lamented." 

James, son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Ewing) McClellan, married Martha Cald- 
well. Their son Joseph was born April 28, 
1747, in Chester county, and enlisted at the 
outbreak of the Revolutionary War. July 
15, 1776, he was appointed lieutenant of a 



872 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



company of musketeers, under the command 
of Captain Abraham Marshall, and was 
promoted to captain in a battalion com- 
manded by Colonel Samuel Atlee. He was 
transferred to the Pennsylvania Line, Ninth 
Regiment, and on March 22, 1781, to the 
Second Regiment, Pennsylvania Line, serv- 
ing until June 13, 1781, when he resigned 
from a sense of filial duty, his parents bein; 
aged and infirm. He participated in the 
battles of Long Island, Brandywine and 
Monmouth. On the back of Captain Mc- 
Clellan's commission is a high testimonial 
to his merit endorsed by General Anthony 
Wayne. Captain McClellan married Keziah 
Parke, born January 24, 1767, and their 
children were : Anne, born August 15, 1787, 
died August 19, i860, married William 
Hemphill; Martha, born February 7, 1789, 
married, 1810, Isaac Rogers, and died 
March 14, 1814; Elizabeth, born 1794, died 
in 1799; and Joseph Parke, mentioned be- 
low. Captain Joseph McClellan died Octo- 
ber 14, 1834, and his widow passed away, 
July 31, 1842. 

Joseph Parke, son of Joseph and Keziah 
(Parke) McClellan, was born March 19, 
1796, and was a farmer, becoming, in the 
forties, owner of the historic Green Tree 
Hotel in West Chester. From 1814 to 1816 
he was president of the Bank of Chester 
County, and held the same position from 
1817 to 1819. This is now the National 
Bank of Chester County. Mr. McClellan 
served as a burgess of West Chester and as 
sheriff of Chester county. Pie was a mem- 
ber of Octoraro Presbyterian Church. He 
married (first) Sarah Whelan, and (sec- 
ond) Mary Ellis Miller. Mr. McClellan 
died February 26, 1861. 

James Downing, son of Joseph Parke and 
Sarah (Whelan) McClellan, married Eliza- 
beth Litzenberg, and their children were: 
John ; Sarah Keziah, married James David 
Ruth ; Christian L. ; Joseph Parke ; Mary ; 
Martha Anne, mentioned below ; Henry ; 
Ella, who, like Mary, died in early child- 
hood; Anne Hemphill, married Harry 



Friend ; Elizabeth Litzenberg, married John 
W. Betz ; and Joseph. 

Martha Anne, daughter of James Down- 
ing and Elizabeth (Litzenberg) McClellan, 
was born December 4, 1847, and became the 
wife of James Wood Friend, as mentioned 
above. 



S COOPER, T. S., 

Breeder of High Grade Cattle. 

T. S. Cooper, of Coopersburg, who has 
gained repute in the agricultural world, 
being an authority on the breeding and rais- 
ing of Jersey cattle, is a lineal descendant 
of one of the oldest families of the Lehigh 
Valley. In its various generations from 
the pioneer ancestor down to the present 
time (1913), the members of the family 
have been conspicuous in the different walks 
of life, noted for their many e.xcellent char- 
acteristics. 

William Cooper, the emigrant ancestor, 
was a native of Dillenberg, Duchy of Nas- 
sau, Germany, born August 24, 1722, died 
in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, his remains 
being interred in the burying ground sur- 
rounding St. Paul's Church at Upper Sau- 
con, as were also those of his wife, Gertrude 
Cooper, born September 12, 1724. They 
came to the new world in the latter part of 
the eighteenth centurj-. They were pre- 
ceded by their son Daniel, of whom further. 

Daniel, son of William and Gertrude 
Cooper, was born at Dillenberg, Duchy of 
Nassau, Germany, March 31, 1752. He 
emigrated to this country about 1770, and 
settled at Goshenhoppen, Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania. He married, No- 
vember 3, 1775, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Jacob Gery, of Goshenhoppen, and they 
were the parents of ten children: i. Jacob, 
removed to Philadelphia, where he was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits ; having occa- 
sion to go to New Orleans, he was taken 
ill on the ocean, died, and was buried at sea ; 
he married twice, and had a son by each 
marriage — Daniel and Jacob. 2. John, died 

873 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1847, leaving a daughter, Fayette, who 
was the wife of Elias Nitrauer. 3. Peter, 
of whom further. 4. WiUiam, removed to 
Schuylkill county. 5. Charles, died in child- 
hood. 6. Daniel, married Sarah Ott, and 
died in April, 1864, leaving several chil- 
dren. 7. Catherine, married Jacob Seider. 
8. Elizabeth, married Abraham Slifer, and 
removed to Flourtown, Pennsylvania, where 
she died in 1867. 9. and 10. died in infancy. 
Peter, son of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Gery) Cooper, was born in Goshenhoppen, 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 26, 1790, died May 19, 1837. He was 
the founder of Coopersburg, Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, and served as deputy sur- 
veyor-general of Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried Susan Buchecker, who bore him four 
children: i. Milton, a resident of Coopers- 
burg. 2. Charles W., became first county 
superintendent of public schools of Lehigh 
county, and was cashier and president of 
the Allentown National Bank. 3. Thomas 
B., of whom further. 4. Anna Matilda, be- 
came the wife of Dr. Fred Martin, and died 
in Bethlehem, leaving two daughters, resi- 
dents of Philadelphia. 

Dr. Thomas B. Cooper, son of Peter and 
Susan (Buchecker) Cooper, was born in 
Coopersburg, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, 
and died there, April 4, 1862. He was a 
prominent physician in Coopersburg, having 
a large practice. He was active in public 
afifairs, and was a Member of Congress 
from Bucks and Lehigh counties. He mar- 
ried Elemania Schantz, and among their 
children was T. S. Cooper, of whom fur- 
ther. 

T. S. Cooper, son of Dr. Thomas B. and 
Elemania (Schantz) Cooper, was born at 
the old Cooper homestead at Coopersburg, 
Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, October 21, 
1850. He was reared in his native place, 
and attended the public schools of Coopers- 
burg and Philadelphia. During his early 
life he assisted in the duties of the farm at 
Coopersburg, thus acquiring a thorough 
knowledge of farming, and later developed 



into one of the most scientific agriculturists 
in that section of the State, now owning 
many hundred acres of land. He is widely 
known throughout the county on account 
of his successful breeding and raising of 
Jersey cattle, beginning this line of work 
when twenty-four years of age. He imports 
them from the Jersey Isles, often receiving 
as high as $10,000 per head, and his two 
sons are associated in business with him. 
He is frequently called upon to act in the 
capacity of judge of cattle at State and 
county exhibits, also in various parts of the 
United States and in Canada, serving as 
judge of Jersey cattle at the Canadian Na- 
tional Exhibition at Toronto. The excel- 
lent appearance of his property bespeaks a 
watchful care by one accustomed to that 
particular work, Mr. Cooper giving his per- 
sonal supervision to all details. He has 
attained success by hard and incessant work, 
perseverance and untiring industry, qual- 
ities most essential to the end in view. He 
is fair and upright in all his dealings, and is 
highly esteemed and holds the confidence 
of all with whom he is brought in contact, 
either in business or social life. As can be 
attested Mr. Cooper's public auction sales 
of cattle have amounted to over a million 
and a half dollars, and he claims the proud 
distinction of having never been sued or 
having occasion to sue a buyer. It is doubt- 
ful if any other live stock dealer can lay 
claim to such honors. He affiliates with 
the Lutheran church, was burgess of 
Coopersburg for several years, elected on 
the Democratic ticket, and is a director of 
the Allentown National Bank. 

Mr. Cooper married, March 25, 1876, 
Tillie, daughter of James W. Wilson, of 
Allentown, Pennsylvania. Children : Ralph, 
Emily, Peter. 



SCOTT, James Davis, 

Business Man, Public Official. 

As Recorder of Deeds of Chester county, 
Mr. Scott has been much in the public eye 



874 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



since his announcement of candidacy in 
191 1. He is a native born son of Chester 
county, his forbears having been there 
seated for many years. His father, Edward 
Scott, now deceased, was a farmer of 
Lewisville, Chester county, a man of good 
standing and upright character. 

James Davis Scott was born at the Scott 
homestead at Lewisville, Pennsylvania, May 
24, 1864. He attended the public schools of 
Lewisville and assisted his father at farm 
labor, but not being enamored with the life 
of a farmer, he sundered home ties and for 
a time was engaged in learning the trade of 
a papermaker with Jessup & Moore, at Wil- 
mington, Delaware. But this was not a 
business that particularly appealed to him, 
and he decided upon another change. He 
apprenticed himself to a plumbing firm in 
Wilmington and served the required mim- 
ber of years. He became a skilled work- 
man, and until 1890 continued work at his 
trade in Wilmington. He had then reached 
the age of twenty-six years, and having an 
expert knowledge of plumbing and heating 
decided to enter business for himself. He 
choose Coatesville, Pennsylvania, as a loca- 
tion, and in 1890 opened a shop there, soon 
proving the wisdom of his course by the 
instant demand for a plumber of his ability. 
His trade increased until his force of ten 
journeymen is kept busily engaged in the 
different departments of the business. His 
reputation for honorable dealing kept pace 
with the expansion of the business and has 
never been tarnished by a sacrifice of qual- 
ity in order to advance temporary gain. He 
became well and favorably known over a 
large territory, and when in 191 1 he an- 
nounced himself as a candidate for the 
office of Recorder of Deeds on the Repub- 
lican ticket, he was gratified with a favor- 
able response from the voters, proving their 
good will and the respect in which he is 
held. At the ensuing November election 
he was carried into office by a handsome 
majority, leading the entire ticket. He en- 
tered upon the duties of his office, January 



I, 1912, and has served to the complete 
satisfaction of all having business with the 
recorder's office. Mr. Scott is a member 
of the Baptist church; the Masonic order; 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks ; the Junior Order of American Me- 
chanics ; and the Knights of Pythias, taking 
an active interest in all. 

He married, in 1891, Hannah Moore, of 
Coatesville, and has issue: James Davis, 
died in infancy; and Harold, now deputy 
recorder of deeds under his father. 



KIDD, James Wilson, 

Manufacturer, Public Official. 

The Kidd family ranks among the oldest 
settlers of the section of Pennsylvania 
wherein Lehigh county is located, and 
prominent among the present representa- 
tives is James Wilson Kidd, chief burgess 
of Emaus, who has inherited in marked de- 
gree the characteristics of his ancestors, 
namely : energy, enterprise, a resolute will 
and a determination to succeed, these being 
chief factors in the success of any under- 
taking. 

Charles Kidd, grandfather of James W. 
Kidd, was a resident of Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, owner of a farm consisting 
of one hundred and twenty acres devoted to 
general farming products, and he was also 
the village blacksmith, from both of which 
occupations he derived a goodly profit. He 
married Elizabeth Stuber, who bore him 
five children: i. Isabella, married William 
Ehret : children : Charles, Amanda, Ellen. 
2. Caroline, married Joseph Dech ; left no 
issue. 3. Joseph, married Alary A. Biery, 
and left no issue. 4. Tilghman, of whom 
further. 5. Susanna, married Ferdinand 
Wint ; children: Rufus and Clara. 

Tilghman Kidd, father of James W. 
Kidd, was a native of Schoenersville, 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania, at that 
time Lehigh and Northampton counties 
being one county. He was reared on his 
father's farm, educated in the common 



875 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



schools of the neighborhood, and through- 
out his active career, which was devoted to 
farming, he bore a reputation for integrity 
and trustworthiness. He married EHza 
Bickert, a native of Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania, who bore him two children: James 
Wilson, of whom further; Emma M., mar- 
ried Preston B. Butterwick, and had one 
child, Stanley. 

James Wilson Kidd was bom in Upper 
Saucon township, Lehigh county, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 27, 1861. He spent his childn 
hood and youth in the place of his birth, 
attending the public schools of the neighbor- 
hood, from which he obtained a practical 
education. In the spring of the year 1883 
he moved to Emaus, Pennsylvania, and 
there began an apprenticeship at the trade 
of carpenter, and after completing the same 
worked as a journeyman for a period of five 
years, then turned his attention to mil] 
work, an occupation he has since followed, 
in which he has met with signal success. 
He is progressive and enterprising, conduct- 
ing his operations along the most improved 
lines, and henceforth merits the patronage 
accorded him, which is constantly increas- 
ing in volume and importance, he occupy- 
ing a prominent position in business 
circles. Plis character as a business man 
led to his appointment to public office, and 
in the management of the duties thereof he 
has displayed the same traits as character- 
ized his business career. He served a term 
of four years as councilman, acting as presi- 
dent of that body during the latter part of 
the term, and in September, 19 12, he was 
appointed chief burgess of Emaus, succeed- 
ing D. R. Miller, deceased. In November, 
19 1 3, he was elected for a term of four 
years, beginning January i, 1914, and dur- 
ing his tenure of office he has discharged 
the duties with fidelity and efficiency, con- 
stantly growing in public estimation. He 
affiliates with the Lutheran church, is a 
staunch Democrat in politics, and an en- 
thusiastic advocate of all measures relating 



to the further development of Emaus, and 
good citizenship in general. 

Mr. Kidd married, in September, 1906, 
Mary Alice, born in Paterson, New Jersey, 
January 8, 1870, daughter of Edmund A. 
Stansfield and his wife, Mary H. (Knive- 
ton) Stansfield, of Macclesfield, England. 
Edmund A. Stansfield was born in Man- 
chester, England, in 1843, ^^'^ when a young 
man of about twenty-six years emigrated to 
the United States, locating in Paterson, 
New Jersey, and later establishing himself in 
a silk manufacturing enterprise in Midland 
Park, New Jersey. In 1892 he was called 
upon to take charge of the Keystone Silk 
Mills in Emaus, Pennsylvania, and under 
his competent supervision the business 
increased to large proportions, he keeping 
abreast with modern improvements, and 
winning and retaining the respect and good 
will of those in his employ. Mr. Stansfield 
has since retired from active business. 



MORRIS, George W., 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The wealth of Pittsburgh, fabulous as it 
is, is from base to capitol, real, and the rea- 
son of this is not far to seek. It is found 
in the simple statement, "Pittsburgh's 
wealth is real because it is the work of real 
men" — men of the type of the late George 
Washington Morris, for many years promi- 
nently associated with the A. French Spring 
Company and identified with a number of 
other industrial and financial concerns of 
the Iron City. The entire career of Mr. 
Morris was interwoven with the annals of 
Pittsburgh and he was largely instrumental 
in the promotion of her leading and most 
vital interests. 

George W. Morris was born June 14, 
1849, in Pittsburgh, and was the son of 
Colonel David Boyd and Margaret E. 
(Grissel) Morris, of that city. It was in 
public and private schools of Pittsburgh 
that the boy received his education, and at 



876 




//>ur^Uf^^^^2^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



an early age he entered upon a business 
career. He started upon the business of 
hfe as an employee of Lloyd & Black, iron 
men, and after a time spent in their employ, 
he went with the Culmer Spring Company, 
manufacturers of railroad springs, where 
he had charge of the sales. This last con- 
cern was bought out by the A. French 
Spring Company, and Mr. Morris became 
general manager of the A. French Spring 
Company. For years he was influentially 
associated in this concern, in which, next to 
Aaron French, he was the largest stock- 
holder, and to the prosperity of which his 
remarkable business acumen contributed to 
a very great degree. 

This justly celebrated concern was organ- 
ized by Aaron French in partnership with 
Calvin Wells, the object being the manu- 
facture of car springs. The work was at 
first limited to the elliptical springs of the 
Hazen patent, but in four years the business 
attained such proportions as to oblige the 
firm to provide more spacious quarters and 
they accordingly erected the part of their 
present plant known as No. i. In 1893 the 
working force was over three hundred, and 
the output now embraces all styles of spiral 
and elliptical springs for locomotives and 
passenger and street cars. Quantities of 
springs are sent to Sweden, and until re- 
cently this company furnished all the Pull- 
man equipment in Europe. This manu- 
factory is said to be the largest of the kind 
in the world, the works occupying two 
blocks between Nineteenth and Twenty-first 
streets and one block on Smallman, between 
Twenty-fifth and Twenty-si.xth streets. 

This phenomenal growth was in large 
measure the result of Mr. Morris' extra- 
ordinary executive ability, clear perception 
and aggressive methods, modified as they 
were by prudence and forethought. Ability 
to read the future was one of his salient 
characteristics and to this is to be attributed 
much of his success. Another potent factor 
in the results he was able to accomplish was 
his capacity for discerning the motives and 



merits of men. This enabled him to put the 
right man in the right place, while the strict 
justice and kindly consideration which 
marked his treatment of his subordinates 
insured their zealous cooperation. 

In all things pertaining to the welfare 
and advancement of Pittsburgh, Mr. Mor- 
ris' interest was deep and sincere and all 
movements having these ends in view were 
assured of his influence and support. An 
advocate of the principles of the Repub- 
lican party, he found the responsibilities of 
business too engrossing to allow him to take 
an active part in politics or to become a 
candidate for office, though frequently 
urged to do both, at one time being ad- 
vanced as a candidate for mayor of the 
city. He was a major in the Pittsburgh 
Light Guards, at the head of which was the 
late General A. L. Pearson, and on Octo- 
ber I, 1870, was presented with a sword by 
his company. Among the financial institu- 
tions with which he was connected was the 
Lincoln National Bank of which he was a 
director. He was prominent in the Masonic 
fraternity, affiliated with Tancred Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, and was a mem- 
ber and vestryman of the Church of the 
Ascension. 

Firm in principle and loyal to obligation, 
Mr. Morris was a man of strong convic- 
tions, using his talents and opportunities to 
the utmost in every work which he under- 
took. Of fine personal appearance, he was 
of a nature so genial and sympathetic as to 
possess a rare magnetism, and his naturally 
fine mind was broadened and strengthened 
by reading and travel. He was friendly and 
companionable, a man whom it was a de- 
light to know and the number of his friends 
was legion. Of a charitable nature, he gave 
largely of his means, but in a quiet way. 
.A.t his death he left bequests to the News- 
boys' Home and to the Humane Society. 

Mr. Morris married, January 14, 1869, 
Mary E., daughter of Reese and Catharine 
(Hubbard) Jones. A full account of the 
genealogy of the Jones family is to be found 



877 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



elsewhere in this work, under the biography 
of David Aiken, deceased, whose wife was 
a daughter of Reese Jones. Mr. and Mrs. 
Morris were the parents of one son : George 
Jones Morris, who married, January 26, 
1895, Miss Mary E., daughter of David B. 
and Mary E. (Jansen) McKeny, of New 
York, and they have one child, Mary Evia. 
Mrs. Morris is a woman possessing much 
individuality and distinction and gifted, to 
a degree unusual among her sex, with fore- 
sight and business ability. She is endowed, 
moreover, with the charm of domesticity, 
and created for her husband — the governing 
motive of whose life was devotion to his 
family — an ideal home. It was their delight 
to gather their friends about them and many 
can testify to their charm as host and 
hostess. Mrs. Morris is active in church 
circles and in deeds of charity, continuing 
in her widowhood the benevolent work in 
which she and her husband were so long 
united. Mr. Morris had a charming sum- 
mer home in Machipongo, Virginia, where 
he spent his summers and part of the win- 
ters, and in the appearance of which he took 
great pride. 

The death of Mr. Morris, which occurred 
July 8, 1899, removed, in the prime of life 
and at the zenith of his career, one of the 
most influential and public-spirited citizens 
of whom Pittsburgh was able to boast — a 
man of sterling integrity, irreproachable in 
his domestic and business life and one who 
was identified with any movement looking 
to the relief of suflfering humanity. Ostenta- 
tion was foreign to his nature and he was 
of incorruptible fidelity, fulfilJing to the let- 
ter every trust committed to him and gen- 
erous in his feeling and condut t toward all. 
Some lives are to be measured not by years 
but by results, and in this category belongs 
the life of George W. Morris. 



ROBERTS, Alexander, 

Civil Engineer. 

The history of such men as Alexander 
Roberts, of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 



proves conclusively that, with a reasonable 
amount of mental and physical power, suc- 
cess is bound eventually to crown tl.^e en- 
deavors of those who have the ambition to 
put forth their best efforts, and the will and 
manliness to persevere therein. The course 
of his active, useful and honorable career is 
characterized by watchfulness of his oppor- 
tunities. He has utilized them to the best 
advantage, has applied himself closely to 
the work in hand, and has overcome all ob- 
stacles by persistent and untiring purpose. 
Alexander Roberts is the son of Colonel 
John and Mary Hunt (Chambers) Roberts, 
and was born at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
December i, 1823. According to public 
record he represents the fourth generation 
in a direct line to reside in the State of 
Pennsylvania. His education was an excel- 
lent one, and was arranged with a view to 
his following the profession of law. He 
attended the public schools of his native 
city, and was then a student at the Harris- 
burg Academy, Professor Alfred Arm- 
strong having charge of the institution at 
that time. He commenced reading law in 
the office of his father, but took up the 
studies of surveying and civil engineering 
at the same time, and pursued these with 
considerably more ardor than the former, 
as he had always had an inclination for out- 
door life. During this period of prepara- 
tion he assisted his father as one of the sur- 
veyors or regulators for the borough, and 
also surveyed and laid out any lands in the 
vicinity in which his assistance was re- 
quired. A portion of his time was also de- 
voted to the duties of chief clerk in the 
office of the register and recorder of Dau- 
phin county, and he made the first index of 
all deeds recorded from the origin of the 
county until the year 1846. In the winter 
of 1846 Mr. Roberts was appointed com- 
pass man for a surveying party in the em- 
ploy of the Cumberland Valley Railroad 
Company, the object being to explore a 
route leading from Shippensburg westward 
through Roxbury Gap, this to be a part of 
a railroad between Pittsburgh and Harris- 
878 





r^ y 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burg. This route was found to be imprac- 
ticable and the plan was abandoned. In the 
spring of 1S47 Mr. Roberts was appointed 
a member of the engineering corps of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and for 
this reason finally abandoned the idea of 
entering the legal profession. During the 
next five years he made preliminary surveys 
for the location and construction of the 
railroad, completing his last division at 
Pittsburgh, after which he resigned his posi- 
tion. His next field of activity was to be 
in the engineering work on a road to be 
constructed between Vicksburg and Jack- 
son, Mississippi, but as the health of his 
father had become greatly impaired about 
this time, Mr. Roberts refused to accept a 
position which would take him so far from 
his home, and accepted that of relocating 
and reconstructing the Chester Valley Rail- 
road from Bridgeport, opposite Norristown, 
to Downington, which was not far from 
his home. When the work was well under 
way he resigned from this position, having 
been appointed assistant engineer in the 
construction of the Susquehanna railroad, 
about to connect Harrisburg and Sunbury. 
He was connected with this until he had 
located the lower end at Harrisburg, the 
Halifax Division from Powel's Creek to 
Berries Mountain, and the grading of this 
division was almost finished, when the com- 
pany suspended work for several years. In 
the meantime, the Baltimore & York, the 
York and Harrisburg, and the Susquehanna 
roads, were consolidated, becoming known 
as the Northern Central railroad. Mr. 
Roberts resumed his work of making local 
surveys in Dauphin and Cumberland coun- 
ties, and was identified with this for many 
years until he retired from the active duties 
of his professional life. He was connected 
with a number of other enterprises of im- 
portance, among them being the Harrisburg 
Burial Case Company, in which he was one 
of the board of directors; in 1874 he was 
one of the promoters of the Harrisburg 
City Passenger Railway Company, and 



served as secretary of that corporation for 
many years. Since his twenty-first year he 
has been a consistent member of the Pres- 
byterian church, and a liberal contributor 
to the support of that institution. 

Mr. Roberts married Charlotte, who died 
in 1862, a daughter of Bernard Geiger, one 
of the earliest settlers in Dauphin county. 
They had children: John B., Alexander H., 
James and George. In his political views 
Mr. Roberts has always been liberal, has 
kept himself well informed on the issues of 
the day, but has never sought public office. 
He has always taken a deep interest in all 
that pertained to the advancement and wel- 
fare of the community, and has been active 
in giving his support to any plan which was 
for its benefit. 



McClelland, james h., 

Architect, Builder. 

To characterize in few words the achieve- 
ments and abilities of such a man as the late 
James H. McClelland, one of the most noted 
architects and builders that has ever honored 
the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by 
residence in it, is to attempt the well-nigh 
impossible. His life was in large measure 
an object lesson, teaching plainly his belief 
in the true brotherhood of man, and the 
noble ideas which he fostered and promul- 
gated have been inherited by his sons, whose 
sketches follow this, the names of Dr. 
James H. McClelland, Dr. John B. McClel- 
land and Dr. Robert W. McClelland being 
blessed by countless numbers. \\'ith a soul 
far above mere business gain, James H. Mc- 
Clelland was esteemed throughout the busi- 
ness community for the integrity and hon- 
esty with which he conducted all his busi- 
ness transactions, and his word was in truth 
considered as a bond. The memory of such 
a man can never die. The structures he 
created, the noble ideals to which he gave 
visible form, will ever arouse a deep interest 
and an earnest desire to emulate them. The 
vivid imagination with which so many chil- 
dren of the Emerald Isle are gifted found 



879 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



varied expression in the beautiful creations 
of James H. McClelland, and it is well for 
the beauty of the city that this is the case. 
His sons have inherited the brilliant mind 
of their father, but have turned these ideas 
in the direction of assisting suffering human- 
ity with an equal amount of success. 

James H. McClelland was born two miles 
from Belfast, in County Down, North of 
Ireland, September 23, 1800, and died in 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, March 15, 1871. 
At the age of sixteen years his energetic 
and enterprising nature would no longer 
permit him to ignore the opportunities which 
appeared to beckon from the shores of the 
New World. He accordingly emigrated to 
America and settled in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1816. Earnest and studious in 
his habits he took up the profession of 
architecture, not alone by means of theo- 
retical study but by actual practical work as 
an architect and builder. Many of the finest 
buildings in the city are the productions of 
his genius, and with his ideal and imagina- 
tive work as an architect he combined the 
practical work of a contractor. In numer- 
ous instances he played the dual role of con- 
tractor and superintendent of construction 
work, an ordeal which only a man of his 
fine constitution could have successfully 
carried out. His designs were repeatedly 
commended by those best able to judge of 
such matters, and his promptness in the 
execution of orders became proverbial. In 
manner he was simple and direct, coming 
clearly and concisely to any point which he 
wished to make. What was characteristic 
of his speech was also characteristic of his 
work. His plans were always carefully 
thought out down to the veriest detail be- 
fore work was commenced upon them, and 
when once begim the work progressed along 
well defined lines which prevented unneces- 
sary delay. As a writer Mr. McClelland 
possessed graphic powers of description 
which made anything emanating from his 
pen a pleasure to read, and his intense inter- 
est in the public welfare made him a fre- 



quent and ever welcome contributor to the 
daily press. Appreciation of his well de- 
served popularity was shown in 1867, when 
he was appointed postmaster of the city of 
Pittsburgh, an office which, although it had 
come to him without personal solicitation 
on his part, he filled with remarkable execu- 
tive ability until his death. 

Mr. McClelland married, February 12, 
1835, Elizabeth Thomson, daughter of Rev. 
John Black, D. D., who was born in the 
North of Ireland, but was of Scotch ances- 
try. He was graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow, and came to the United 
States in 1797. His power as a pulpit orator 
won him fame all over the country, and for 
half a century he was pastor of the First 
Reformed Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 
burgh. As a man of learning he had few 
equals in his day, and his facile and grace- 
ful pen gained him a large circle of ad- 
mirers. For a period of twelve years he 
held the chair of Professor of Languages in 
the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
and under his able tuition his daughter, 
Mrs. James H. McClelland, became ex- 
ceptionally well read in ancient and modern 
literature. Mr. and Mrs. McClelland had 
eleven children: Two sons, each in turn 
named John Black, both dying in infancy; 
Thomas C, who fought bravely in the Civil 
War and was killed in battle ; Mary Watson 
Pentland ; Elizabeth Black, who married 
Rev. J. S. Kelsey; Sarah Collins; Annie 
Eva; Dr. James H., who is the subject of 
a following narrative; Dr. John Black, de- 
ceased; William B., deceased, who was an 
able member of the Pittsburgh bar ; Dr. 
Robert W., who is written of on following 
pages. 

In many respects Mr. McClelland was a 
model in business life. While it was but 
natural that he should desire success to 
crown his efforts, he would accept this only 
if it were founded on truth and honor. 
False representations were abhorrent to 
him, and the mere thought of a possible 
greater monetary gain never appealed to 



880 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



him. Characteristic of the man were his 
industry, his practical mind and his power 
of organization. His nature was genial and 
sympathetic and in complete harmony with 
his fine personal appearance. His language, 
while rich and imaginative, was simple and 
unaffected, and a rich sense of humor per- 
vaded all his utterances. 



McClelland, Dr. James H., 

Physician, Surgeon, Professional Instructor. 

The worthy and intellectual son of a 
worthy and intellectual father, — what higher 
praise can be bestowed upon a human being ? 
Dr. James H. McClelland, son of James H. 
McClelland, whose sketch precedes this, is 
a man of unusual ability in his profession 
and in all other relations of life. The clear 
and cogent reasoning with which he en- 
forces his views on all subjects, as well as 
the richness of the language employed, make 
of him an opponent exceedingly difficult to 
overcome. His social and official position 
places him in the foremost ranks of the citi- 
zens of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and his 
professional work is of the highest order 
of merit. 

Dr. James H. McClelland, son of James 
H. and Elizabeth Thomson (Black) Mc- 
Clelland, was born in Pittsburgh, May 20, 
1845. After an excellent preparatory edu- 
cation he received the honorary degree of 
Sc. D. from the University of Pitts- 
burgh. He then became a student at the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Philadel- 
phia, from which he was graduated with 
honor in 1867. He at once established him- 
self in the practice of his profession in his 
native city, and almost from the commence- 
ment of his professional career his skill and 
research and the exceptionally fine results 
he has achieved attracted widespread atten- 
tion. In addition to a large private prac- 
tice he has held numerous official pro- 
fessional positions, and has been the leading 
spirit in many professional organizations 
and institutions. He is associated in his 



general practice with his two brothers, a 
sketch of one of whom. Dr. Robert W., 
follows this. 

Dr. James H. McClelland is held in high 
esteem by his professional brethren, and his 
services as a consulting physician are in 
frequent demand in difficult cases. The 
many students who have profited under his 
tuition freely acknowledge the benefit gained 
while studying with him, and by means of 
these students the influence of Dr. McClel- 
land is felt in all parts of the world. It is 
chiefly owing to the individual efforts of 
Dr. McClelland that the first training school 
for nurses was founded in the city of Pitts- 
burgh. From the time of his return to the 
city of Pittsburgh, after his graduation, he 
became a member of the surgical staff of 
the Homoeopathic Medical and Surgical 
Hospital of Pittsburgh, and has served in 
this capacity since that time. He organized, 
and for several years was president and 
demonstrator in the Anatomical Society of 
Allegheny County. In 1876 he became Pro- 
fessor of Surgery in the Hahnemann Col- 
lege in Philadelphia, and filled this impor- 
tant chair for a period of two years. Sub- 
sequently he delivered a course on operative 
surgery at the Boston University School of 
Medicine, 1878. He is a member of the 
board of trustees of the Pittsburgh Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital, a member of the surgical 
staff' of the hospital, and was an active 
worker in behalf of erecting the buildings 
which the hospital now occupies. The lib- 
eral views entertained by Dr. McClelland 
and the active interest he takes in any 
project which tends to the betterment of 
civic conditions make him an important 
factor in public matters. He has been a 
member of the State Board of Health since 
1885; was vice-president of the Association 
of Health Authorities, of which the Gov- 
ernor of the State is president ; is a member 
of the Sanitary Commission of Allegheny 
County, the American Public Health Asso- 
ciation, the Pittsburgh Golf Club, the Uni- 
versity Club, and was vice-president of the 
881 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hospital Staff Association of Western 
Pennsylvania. He has been president of: 
The American Institute of Homoeopathy, 
Allegheny County Homoeopathic Medical 
Society, East End Doctors' Club, and the 
Pennsylvania State Homoeopathic Medical 
Society. He is also a member of the Pitts- 
burgh Academy of Science and Art, Art 
Society of Pittsburgh, the Civic Club of 
Allegheny County, and the American Society 
of Social Political Science. 

Dr. McClelland was elected honorary 
president of the International Homoeopathic 
Medical Congress which met at Paris, 
France, in 1900, and president of the Con- 
gress that met at Atlantic City in 1906. In 
the field of literature he has also earned his 
laurels. He is a frequent contributor to 
medical journals, and his articles are always 
read with interest by his colleagues. One of 
his writings was an article on "Diseases of 
the Kidneys," which appeared in the "Sys- 
tem of Medicine," edited by Dr. Henry 
Arndt, in Philadelphia, 1886. The pro- 
fessional duties of Dr. McClelland make too 
great inroads upon his time, so that he has 
but little to spare for social functions. 
Nevertheless he is loved for his genial dis- 
position and for the readiness with which 
he throws himself into any scheme for the 
assistance of those less fortunately situated. 
The good works done in the name of charity 
or religion are always assured of his hearty 
cooperation, and he never appears to be 
too busy with his important duties to answer 
the call of a poor patient. 

Dr. McClelland married, June 26, 1884, 
Rachel, a daughter of John P. and Rachel 
(Paul) Pears. They have been blessed 
with three children: Sarah Collins, Rachel 
Pears and Elizabeth, who died in infancy. 
Mrs. McClelland, who is a member of the 
Twentieth Century Club of Pittsburgh, is a 
clever, thoughtful woman of culture and 
character, and is a charming hostess at the 
beautiful home of the family, "Sunny 
Ledge." Her gentle manner and a quiet 
seriousness which pervades all she does en- 



dear her to all who come in contact with 
her. The home life is an ideal one of refine- 
ment and intellectuality. 



McClelland, Dr. Robert Watson, 

Physician, Orthopedist, Professional In- 
structor. 

Dr. Robert Watson McClelland, a younger 
brother of the famous Dr. James H. Mc- 
Clelland, whose sketch precedes this, has 
achieved a reputation during the practice of 
more than a quarter of a century, of which 
he may justly be proud. His professional 
brethren freely acknowledge his proficiency 
in many branches of the medical profession, 
and honor him with their esteem for the 
splendid record he has made. 

Dr. McClelland is one of the younger 
sons of the late James H. and Elizabeth 
Thomson (Black) McClelland, and was 
born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 22, 
1857. His elementary and college prepara- 
tory education was acquired in the public 
schools of his native city, after which he 
was a student at Lafayette College for a 
period of two years, and followed this with 
a course of study at Cornell University, 
being graduated from this institution in 
1882, at which time the degree of Bachelor 
of Sciences was conferred upon him. His 
work at Cornell also included a preliminary 
course in the study of medicine, which en- 
abled him to enter second year at the med- 
ical college. He then commenced the study 
of medicine at Hahnemann Medical College, 
Philadelphia, from which he was graduated 
two years later with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. A considerable amount of 
time was then spent by Dr. McClelland in 
traveling abroad, making special studies in 
various hospitals. A special course in 
orthopedics was taken under Professor 
Wolff, of Berlin, and a special clinical 
course under the noted Dr. Lorenz, of 
Vienna, who effected many wonderful cures 
during his recent visit to this country. Upon 
his return to his native city Dr. McClelland 



882 





. ^^<c>^/.^05^«^ ,=, ^/, 




^^PTa^^Uc:^ ^-<^^5i^^e<^*2?>^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



established himself in the general practice 
of medicine in association with his two 
brothers, Dr. J. H. and Dr. J. B. McClel- 
land, and is still (1913) associated with 
them. As a close student of human nature 
in connection with his professional work he 
takes high rank, and the knowledge he has 
thus acquired has greatly furthered the suc- 
cess of his efforts. His patience is prac- 
tically inexhaustible and his skill in master- 
ing the details of a case has aroused the 
enthusiasm of those competent to judge. 
He is connected with numerous professional 
institutions and organizations, in all of 
which his counsel is highly prized. He is 
a member of the orthopedic staff of the 
Homoeopathic Hospital of Pittsburgh, and 
in the Training School for Nurses, which is 
connected with the hospital, he is the lec- 
turer on anatomy and physiology. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania State Med- 
ical Society, the East End Doctors' Club, 
Allegheny County Homoeopathic Medical 
Society, American Institute of Homoeo- 
pathy, University Club, Pittsburgh Golf 
Club, and Cornell Club of Western Penn- 
sylvania, having been the first president of 
the last mentioned association. As a Mason 
he has attained the thirty-second degree, is 
a member of Franklin Lodge, No. 221, Free 
and Accepted Masons; the Pennsylvania 
Consistory, and the Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite. His religious affiliations are 
with the Third Presbyterian Church of 
Pittsburgh, of which he is a member, and 
his political support is given to the Repub- 
lican party. He has never devoted time to 
active political work, but he takes a keen 
interest in all matters concerning the public 
welfare. 

In addition to being a man of great force 
of character and possessing a vast amount 
of professional knowledge. Dr. McClelland 
is a cultured scholar in all branches of learn- 
ing. This latter attribute, in connection 
with his cordial manner and sympathetic 
heart, has won for him the warm regard of 



a large circle of friends, and he is a wel- 
come visitor wherever he makes his appear- 
ance. 



RICHARDS, Louis, 

Iia^vyer and Law AVriter. 

Louis Richards, law writer and member 
of the Bar of Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
was born May 6, 1842, at Gloucester Fur- 
nace, Atlantic county, New Jersey, of which 
his father, John Richards, was proprietor. 
The latter, a native of Berks county, came 
of a vigorous stock of Welsh descent, his 
ancestors having settled in Amity township 
as early as 1718. He was for many years 
of his long and active life engaged in the 
iron manufacturing business, principally in 
the State of New Jersey, representing also 
Gloucester county in the Assembly in 1836 
and 1837. From 1848 to 1854 he resided at 
Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, as proprietor 
of the Carbon Iron Works at that place, and 
in the latter year retired to a handsome 
country seat known as "Stowe," in the 
vicinity of Pottstown, Montgomery county, 
where he died November 29, 1871, at the 
patriarchal age of eighty-eight. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was his youngest son, 
and only child by his second wife, Louisa 
(Silvers) Richards, a native of Monmouth 
county. New Jersey, descended upon the 
maternal side from the well known Rogers 
family of that section, and, in the third 
generation, from Henry Lawes Luttrell, 
Second Earl of Carhampton. Employed in 
early life as an instructor of youth, she was 
distinguished for her mental culture, marked 
individuality of character, and social tastes 
and accomplishments. Her decease occurred 
January 26, 18S0, when well advanced in 
her eighty-first year. 

Mr. Richards received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of Mauch 
Chunk, and subsequently took an academical 
course, attending the West Jersey Collegiate 
School at Mount Holly, New Jersey, the 



883 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hill School at Pottstown, and the Upland 
Normal Institute at Chester, Pennsylvania. 
In November, 1861, he came to reside at 
Reading, commenced the study of the lavir 
under the direction of his cousin, John S. 
Richards, Esq., a highly talented and widely- 
known practitioner at the Berks County 
Bar, and was admitted to practice January 
16, 1865. While a student he served in the 
Pennsylvania Militia, during the invasions 
of the State by the Confederate armies in 
1862 and 1863. 

Having an early inclination to write, he 
contributed largely to the press, both before 
and after his admission to the Bar, furnish- 
ing incidentally accurate reports of all the 
cases tried in the county courts during the 
greater part of the period in which they 
were presided over by the Hon. Warren J. 
Woodward. In 1869 he married, and en- 
gaged in journalism, becoming a partner of 
the firm of J. Knabb & Co., in the publica- 
tion of the "Reading Times and Dispatch," 
and the "Berks and Schuylkill Journal," the 
daily and weekly organs of the Republican 
party in Berks. In 1871 he resold his inter- 
est to the firm, and resumed the practice of 
the law. In 1875 he purchased his father's 
estate at "Stowe," which he occasionally 
occupied until 1882, when he disposed of it 
to the Pottstown Iron Company, which 
erected thereon a very large manufacturing 
plant. 

For many years Mr. Richards devoted 
much attention to municipal law, and the 
municipal affairs of his adopted city. While 
serving as a member of its Councils in 1875- 
76 he personally revised, amended and codi- 
fied its local laws, and published in the latter 
year the first Digest of the Statutes and 
Ordinances of Reading. Of this work he 
subsequently compiled two other and more 
elaborate editions, containing many valuable 
notes and citations of judicial decisions. In 
December, 1876, he was selected as Secre- 
tary of the State Municipal Commission, 
appointed by Governor Hartranft to devise 



a uniform plan for the better government 
of the cities of Pennsylvania. Of this body, 
which was composed of eleven eminent law- 
yers and citizens of the State, the Hon. But- 
ler B. Strang was chairman. The Commis- 
sion presented its final report to the Legisla- 
ture in January, 1878, and the principal 
features of the code which it submitted 
were subsequently incorporated in the Act 
of June I, 1885, for the government of the 
City of Philadelphia, known as the "Bul- 
litt Bill." As a member of committees ap- 
pointed by the Inter-Municipal Conven- 
tions of 1886 and 188S, Mr. Richards was 
deputed to prepare the original drafts of the 
Acts of May 24, 1887, and May 23, 1889, 
the latter constituting the frame of govern- 
ment of cities of the third class in Pennsyl- 
vania. In these several capacities he ren- 
dered much valuable service to the people of 
the State, and acquired a wide reputation as 
a skillful draftsman of municipal statutes. 
He is a charter member of the Pennsylvania 
Bar Association, organized in 1895 > ^ vice- 
president (1914), and chairman of its com- 
mittee on legal biography. In the interest 
of law reform he devised and secured the 
passage by the Legislature of the Act of 
July 9, 1897, "declaring the construction of 
words in a deed, will or instrument, import- 
ing a failure of issue." 

In 1889, in association with the Hon. G. 
A. Endlich, Additional Law Judge of the 
Berks district, then also a practitioner at the 
Bar, he was the author of a treatise upon 
the "Rights and Liabilities of Married 
Women in Pennsylvania," devoted princi- 
pally to the exposition of the Married Per- 
sons' Property Act of 1887, which greatly 
enlarged the contractual powers of femmes 
covert. In 1895 he issued, in two volumes, 
the "Pennsylvania Form Book," containing 
precedents in the various branches of law 
practice — a work in general use by the pro- 
fession throughout the State — and, in 1898, 
a "Digest of Acts of Assembly for the Gov- 
ernment of Cities of the Third Class," 



884 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which was followed by two successive edi- 
tions. His other published productions in- 
clude numerous law pamphlets, historical 
and genealogical sketches, and reports and 
addresses upon various subjects of profes- 
sional or general interest. Profoundly de- 
voted to antiquarian researches, he has since 
1903 been president of the Historical Soci- 
ety of Berks county, giving to its affairs 
much attention and intelligent direction. He 
is also a member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, and an occasional con- 
tributor to its "Magazine of History and 
Biography." Plis only business connection 
is with the Charles Evans Cemetery Com- 
pany, of which he has been for the past 
twenty years the efficient secretary and treas- 
urer. 

Distinguished for his public spirit, he has 
employed his time and talents in the pro- 
motion of every movement in the line of 
progress, good government and reform. In 
politics Mr. Richards is a Republican, and 
in the presidential campaign of 1884, was 
the candidate of the minority party in the 
Berks District for Congress, against Daniel 
Ermentrout, the sitting member, receiving 
9,405 votes. His political views are, how- 
ever, strongly tempered with the spirit of 
independence, which inclines to subordinate 
mere partisan considerations to the superior 
obligations of individual good citizenship. 

As a member of the Bar he is recognized 
as a highly reputable, accurate and pains- 
taking practitioner, though it is in the capac- 
ity of a writer of marked vigor and skill, 
that he is best known to the public. His 
literary tastes are cultured and absorbing, 
and it is in the companionship of his books, 
and the environment of the student, that he 
finds his chief entertainment and solace. 
Practical and thorough in all his methods 
and undertakings, he devotes to the per- 
formance of every duty in which he may 
engage his best abilities and most conscien- 
tious efforts. 

Mr. Richards has four children — three 
sons and a daughter. 



JONES, J. Clancy, 

Lanryer, Member of Congress, Diplomat. 

When William Penn was looking for col- 
onists to settle his newly acquired province, 
he met with a prompt response from the 
mountains of Wales, and the Welsh immi- 
gration into Pennsylvania for some time ex- 
ceeded that from any other country. Penn 
was himself of Welsh extraction and many 
of the Welshmen who conferred with him 
in London in the latter part of 1681 were 
Quakers like himself. 

When this conference was held the Welsh 
demanded and received the assurance that 
if they went to America, they were to have 
their bounds and limits to themselves, within 
which all causes, quarrels, crimes and titles 
were to be tried and wholly determined by 
officers, magistrates and juries, in their own 
language and by those who were their 
equals, in the same manner and with all the 
liberties and provileges they enjoyed in 
Wales under the Crown. Their desire was 
to form their own community and preserve 
their language. In accordance with this un- 
derstanding William Penn directed his sur- 
veyor-general, Thomas Holmes, to lay out 
for them 40,000 acres, extending along the 
west bank of the Schuylkill, from what is 
now City Line to Conshocken, and as far 
west as was necessary to obtain the required 
acreage. This survey, known in history as 
the "Welsh Tract," included within its bor- 
ders most excellent land, and under Welsh 
enterprise and industry became the most 
prosperous and best cultivated part of the 
province, containing in 1684 eighty settle- 
ments. The people in Wales kept in close 
touch with these colonists by correspond- 
ence, by the return of an occasional emi- 
grant and by new settlers going out. Among 
those who were affected by the course of 
events in Pennsylvania was David Jones, 
born in August, 1709, in the parish of Llan- 
gower, Merionethshire, the most mountain- 
ous county in Wales. He was a son of Rev. 
William Jones, a clergyman of the Church 



885 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of England, a graduate of Oxford Univer- 
sity, B. A., 1684. His mother died when he 
was very young, and, his father having mar- 
ried again, the lad left Wales with some 
relatives who settled in the Welsh Tract, in 
what is now Radnor township, Delaware 
county. 

Fourteen years later, David Jones mar- 
ried Elizabeth, youngest of the eight chil- 
dren of William Davies, a Welshman of 
prominence among his countrymen, a large 
landowner, and one of the founders of old 
St. David's Church, Radnor ; a vestryman, 
warden and donor in 1715 of the ground 
upon which the present church is built. It 
was at the house of William Davies that 
services were held in 1700 and for several 
years afterward. David Jones and Eliza- 
beth Davies were married May 10, 1735, 
and made their first home in the beautiful 
valley of the Conestoga, north of the Welsh 
Mountain. Here David Jones, who had 
inherited some money from his mother, pur- 
chased one thousand acres in the Upper 
Valley and about four hundred acres in the 
Lower Valley, near Bangor Church. He 
cultivated his fertile fields, opened and 
developed iron mines and is described as 
"one of the foremost ironmasters of his 
day." His farm and mine workers were 
mostly slaves, brought from the Congo and 
Senegambia, and bought in Philadelphia, 
direct from the ships. The descendants of 
these slaves were held and bequeathed by 
their masters until slavery in Pennsylvania 
became extinct. David Jones, in 1752, when 
the County of Berks was erected, found his 
location included in the new county, the new 
county seat, Reading, being fourteen miles 
distant, to the north. 

Jonathan Jones, second son of David and 
Elizabeth (Davies) Jones, was born in Caer- 
narvon township, in November, 173S. He 
married. May 2, 1760, a relative, Margaret, 
daughter of John and Mary Davies, and 
great-granddaughter of William Davies, of 
Radnor, of previous mention. Jonathan 



Jones purchased a large farm above St. 
Thomas' Church, in the Conestoga Valley, 
where he built a stone residence in the 
colonial style, that is still standing, and there 
he lived, cultivating his lands, until the War 
of the Revolution drew him into military 
life. He was one of the first captains com- 
missioned in the First Battalion Pennsylva- 
nia Line; was on duty in Philadelphia until 
January, 1776, when he joined the expedi- 
tion for the invasion of Canada, marched six 
hundred miles, and arrived before Quebec in 
March. He was with Arnold at the Cedars 
and Three Rivers, June 8, 1776, and his will 
recorded in Berks county bears date at Fort 
Ticonderoga, where it was written during 
that expedition. On October 25, 1776, he 
was promoted to the rank of major. He 
was with Washington at Trenton, Decem- 
ber 26, 1776, was commissioned lieutenant- 
colonel, March 12, 1777, and later was in 
command of his regiment stationed in Phil- 
adelphia. In the summer of 1777 he was 
stricken with paralysis, which affliction com- 
pelled him to resign. He afterward was a 
commissioner under the test laws, a member 
of the House of Assembly, and lieutenant- 
colonel of Berks County Militia. He died 
September 26, 1782, and is buried in Bangor 
churhcyard, Churchtown, Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania. 

Jehu Jones, tenth child of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Jonathan and Margaret (Davies) 
Jones, was born in the family homestead, 
near St. Thomas' Church, January 24, 1778. 
He was liberally educated and prepared for 
the bar but never practiced his profession, 
spending his life as the schoolmaster of 
Connestoga. He married, April 13, 1800, 
Sarah, daughter of Owen Clancy, a gradu- 
ate of Trinity College, Dublin, who was 
also a Conestoga schoolmaster. Sarah Clan- 
cy's mother was Elizabeth, a descendant of 
Henry and Jean Pawling, who came to 
Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, from 
New York, in 1720. During the War of 
1812-14, Jehu Jones served under Captain 
George Hetzelberger, enlisting in 1814 and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



marching to the defence of Baltimore. He 
died at Morgantown, November 24, 1864, 
at the advanced age of eighty-four years, 
and is buried with his wife in the church- 
yard of St. Thomas' Church. 

From this stock sprang Jehu Glancy 
Jones, the subject of this sketch, lawyer, 
statesman and patriot, son of Jehu and 
Sarah (Glancy) Jones. He was born in the 
Conestoga Valley, October 7, 181 1. At the 
age of sixteen years he was ready for col- 
lege, and after due deliberation the newly 
founded "Kenyon College," at Gambler, 
Ohio, an Episcopal college founded by 
Bishop Philander Chase, was selected as 
his alma mater. There Mr. Jones laid the 
foundation of a ripe scholarship. He was a 
diligent student, and a rare classical scholar, 
the habit of reading the New Testament in 
the original Greek continuing all his life. 
He was fond of athletic sports and was a 
fine horseman. 

After leaving Kenyon College, Mr. Jones, 
in 1831, then twenty years of age, entered a 
theological school at Cincinnati, continuing 
his studies there until 1834. During this 
period he made the trip from Cincinnati to 
Philadelphia, seven hundred miles, on horse- 
back, was married at the end of his journey 
(June 23, 1832) and immediately returned 
to Cincinnati with his bride. The itinerary 
of that journey affords an interesting illus- 
tration of the conveniences or inconveni- 
ences of traveling at that time. They left 
Arch street wharf, Philadelphia, at 6 a. m., 
on the steamboat "Ohio;" passed down the 
Delaware, through the Delaware and Chesa- 
peake canal, on barges ; took passage on the 
steamboat "Kentucky," and arrived in Balti- 
more the same afternoon. From Baltimore 
to Frederick, Maryland, by rail ; thence 
across the Alleghenies by stage coach to 
Brownsville, on the Monongahela ; thence 
to Pittsburgh by boat; from Pittsburgh 
across the Panhandle by stage to Steuben- 
ville, Ohio; thence down the Ohio river by 
steamboat to Wheeling', tying up there for 
the night on account of a low water stage. 



The next day was spent in making the eight 
miles between Wheeling and Marietta, but 
then deeper water was reached and better 
speed made during the night. Cincinnati 
was reached July 9, 1832. In the summer 
of 1834 he returned with his family to 
"Flushing," the home of his wife's parents 
in Bensalem township, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Having completed his theological studies, 
Mr. Jones was ordained a deacon in the 
Protestant Episcopal church and on the sev- 
enteenth Sunday after Trinity (October 11, 
1835) he was ordained to the priesthood, in 
Christ Church, New Brunswick, New Jer- 
sey, by his warm friend. Bishop George 
Washington Doane, one of the most distin- 
guished bishops of the American Episcopal 
church. 

For about three years Mr. Jones devoted 
his attention very successfully to the up- 
building of several parishes in New Jersey 
and then in 1838, at the solicitation of some 
friends who had settled in the new Terri- 
tory of Florida, embarked in the missionary 
undertaking of building a church at Quincy, 
in Gadsden county, where there was a 
charming social life and great expectations 
of a prosperous development of the newly 
acquired territory. He succeeded perfectly 
in the purpose of his mission, built a church 
and established a congregation upon a firm 
and enduring foundation ; but he realized in 
course of time that he and his family had 
made a mistake in the choice of his profes- 
sion. He was richly endowed with quali- 
ties which far better fitted him for the 
arena of the bar and public life than for the 
tranquil and less controversial life of the 
church. While, therefore, he was earnestly 
and faithfully discharging his duties in the 
ministry, he began, as best he could, the 
study of the law, although the Territory 
of Florida where the Spanish Civil Law 
then prevailed was not a good field for the 
stud}' of the Common Law of England. In 
1841 Mr. Jones, having completed the work 
of his temporary sojourn in Florida, with- 



887 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



drew from the ministry and completed his 
legal studies in the adjoining State of Geor- 
gia, where he was admitted to the bar of the 
Superior Court, then sitting at Eatonton in 
Putnam county. 

He had no intention of remaining in the 
South and after his admission returned to 
Pennsylvania, and on April 19, 1842, was 
admitted to the Pennsylvania bar, taking up 
his residence and begining practice in 
Easton. 

He rose rapidly at the bar, soon taking a 
leading position among the strong men of 
the profession. He tried many important 
cases and built up a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. The fruitful resources of his mind, 
his energy, his industry and his power as a 
public speaker won recognition, and there 
was scarcely a movement of importance in 
Easton in which he was not called upon to 
take a conspicuous part. He became one 
of the foremost advocates of "tariff for rev- 
enue only," delivering at Easton, April 19, 
1842, by request, to a non-partizan meeting, 
a clear, sound and able address elucidating 
the subject, which was then new and absorb- 
ing the public attention everywhere. He 
was a Democrat by inheritance and was 
always a supporter of that party, enjoying 
the confidence of the leading Democrats of 
Pennsylvania, prominent among whom was 
James Buchanan, then United States Sen- 
ator, an intimate lifelong personal and polit- 
ical friend. Mr. Jones was an earnest advo- 
cate of Buchanan's nomination for the Pres- 
idency in 1844, and took the Senator to task 
for withdrawing his name from the conven- 
tion; but after the nomination Mr. Jones 
warmly supported the nominee of the con- 
vention, James K. Polk, and made many 
speeches favoring his election, winning 
great prominence by his forceful, direct, 
eloquent and convincing speeches. 

On December 31, 1844, he moved his resi- 
dence to Reading, then a town of eight thou- 
sand people, and on January 7, 1845, was 
admitted to the Berks county bar. On June 
25, 1845, at a town meeting held to make 



preparations for a fitting memorial service 
in honor of the recently deceased ex-Presi- 
dent Andrew Jackson, Mr. Jones was unan- 
imously chosen to deliver the oration. On 
June 30, 1845, the day fixed for these com- 
memorative exercises, all business was sus- 
pended, and the bells tolled as the funeral 
procession moved slowly through the streets 
to the Lutheran Church, where Mr. Jones 
delivered a most eloquent and fitting ora- 
tion. 

He rose rapidly in influence and position, 
writing to a friend in 1847 • "I have as full 
a practice as I could wish before me. I 
have labored assiduously to effect certain 
results here and thank God I have failed in 
none, not one." 

Although Berks county was strongly 
Democratic there were dissensions and at 
the election of 1844 the regular Democratic 
nominee of the party for Congress, John Rit- 
ter, had been elected by the greatly reduced 
majority of 517, but Mr. Jones openly 
avowed his preference for Mr. Buchanan, 
and continued to advocate his claims. He 
took lively interest in everything that affect- 
ed the public welfare and won the position 
of a leader to whom the people turned with 
confidence. The subscribers for a new pub- 
lic library met in his office. He was one of 
the commissioners named to erect city gas 
works. He undertook and carried on the 
erection of the new county prison as presi- 
dent of the board of inspectors. He was a 
pastmaster of the Masonic Order, and noble 
grand of the Odd Fellows. He supported 
the war with Mexico and drafted the reso- 
lutions which pledged Reading as a borough 
to the support of that war. He took a prom- 
inent part in the adoption of a charter cre- 
ating Reading a city in 1847 ; was lieutenant- 
colonel on the staff of Governor Shunk; 
was a delegate to the State Convention that 
renominated Shunk and later to the conven- 
tion that nominated Morris Longstreth for 
governor. The subsequent defeat of Long- 
streth was the greatest political sorrow of 
Mr. Jones' life, as he had been largely in- 



888 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



strumental in his nomination, and held his 
warmest personal friendship. 

Mr. Jones took a deep interest in the com- 
pany of volunteers raised for service in 
Mexico, served on the committee appointed 
to disburse the money given by the city and 
county to equip and transport them, and act- 
ing on behalf of friends, made a speech pre- 
senting a sword to one of the ofificers of the 
company. When the body of Lieutenant 
Wunder was brought back from Mexico he 
delivered the funeral oration and when the 
little remnant of the company returned after 
the war in 1848, he delivered the address of 
welcome. He was one of the vice-presidents 
of a town meeting of Germans, held to com- 
memorate the revolution of 1848, and spoke 
at a meeting of Irishmen called to condemn 
the conviction of Mitchell. These activities 
give some idea of the full, strenuous and 
useful life he led during his first few years 
in Reading. 

In April, 1847, 'i^ was appointed deputy 
attorney-general for Berks county, an office 
now known as district attorney. He was a 
delegate to the Democratic National Con- 
vention which met at Baltimore, May 22, 

1848, and was one of the vice-presidents of 
the convention. Pennsylvania presented the 
name of James Buchanan to the convention 
but much to the chagrin of Mr. Jones and 
his friends. General Lewis Cass was nomi- 
nated. Mr. Jones was chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee of July 4, 

1849, appointed by the State convention, 
and under his management the Democrats 
carried Pennsylvania, which the year before 
had been carried by General Taylor. 

In 1850 the Democrats of Berks county 
turned with unanimity to Mr. Jones as their 
candidate for Congress, and at the conven- 
tion held September 7, he was nominated on 
the first ballot, receiving one hundred and 
two votes, twenty-five only being cast 
against him. He was elected at the succeed- 
ing election and took his seat at the opening 
of the Thirty-second Congress in December. 
185 1. He received instant recognition from 



the speaker, Linn Boyd of Kentucky, by an 
appointment to the Ways and Means Com- 
mittee, the most important committee of the 
House. He served with credit throughout 
the Thirty-second Congress, although no 
measures of special historical importance 
were enacted by that Congress, it being the 
period of calm that preceded the stormy 
agitation of the slavery question. Mr. 
Jones, in discussing foreign relations upon 
the floor of the House, on December 13, 
1852, predicted the establishment of the 
Maximillian empire of Mexico and the loss 
of Cuba by Spain ; defined his position upon 
the United States Bank question; upon the 
disposition of the public lands, and the 
Fugitive Slave law. He announced his 
adherence to the Democratic doctrine of 
revenue as the controlling prinicple of all 
tariff laws, holding that the incidental tariff 
law of 1846 afforded ample protection to 
home manufactures, opposing the doctrine 
of protection, per se. He opposed a hori- 
zontal tariff and looked forward to the time 
when American manufacturers would be 
able to compete with those of other coun- 
tries, and when no protection would be 
needed. He held that tariffs must fluctuate 
with the laws of trade and the necessities 
of the government — denying that a tariff 
could be made permanent by legislation or 
that legislation could regulate the laws of 
supply and demand. His views were those 
of his party at that time and have continued 
the doctrine of that party. 

Mr. Jones declined reelection, desiring to 
return to his profession. His successor, 
however, only attended the first session of 
the Thirty-third Congress and died in Wash- 
ington, January 9, 1854. Mr. Jones, being 
the nearly unanimous choice of the district, 
consented to again become the candidate 
and took his seat in the Thirty-third Con- 
gress, February 13, 1854. He acted with 
his party on the repeal of the Missouri 
Compromise and the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 
and advocated in an able speech in reply to 
Thomas H. Benton of Missouri, the bill 



889 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



carrying into effect the Gadsden Treaty 
with Mexico. The bill appropriating $io,- 
000,000 passed by a vote of 103 to 62. In 
1854 Mr. Jones was reelected to Congress 
and although the Democratic party had lost 
control of the House it was the only national 
party, the opposition being divided into four 
or five sectional factions, all opposed to the 
Democratic doctrine of respect for the vital 
principles upon which the government had 
been founded, and which had been pro- 
claimed in the Declaration of Independence, 
the Constitution of the United States and 
the laws of the country. Certain that the 
Democratic party would be assailed by its 
factional opponents it was important that a 
leader should be selected who would boldly, 
clearly and judiciously define its position 
and defend it against hostile attack. This 
important and responsible duty was assigned 
by the Democratic representatives to Mr. 
Jones. This high honor coming from such a 
body of men shows the estimate placed by 
distinguished and able men upon his ability 
as a statesman, his skill as a debater and his 
clear understanding of the constitutional 
questions involved. 

The election of speaker of the Thirty- 
fourth Congress required one hundred and 
thirty-three ballots and was not effected un- 
til February 2, 1856. Nathaniel P. Banks, 
of Massachusetts, a Free Soiler, was chosen 
over the Democrats and Republicans, the 
other candidates being Know Nothings of 
various shades of belief, and one the choice 
of those who would not support either of 
the other five. It had been agreed that if on 
the one hundred and thirty-third ballot no 
one should receive a majority, the one re- 
ceiving the highest vote should be declared 
elected speaker. Nathaniel P. Banks was 
elected, receiving one hundred and three 
votes over his Democratic opponent, Wil- 
liam Aiken, of South Carolina. 

During the attack that early began in the 
House upon the Democratic platform which 
Mr. Jones had drawn, he withstood with 
readiness, skill and rare ability and success 



the fire of a running debate of four days. 
The broadminded statesmanship of Mr. 
Jones made him a leader of those who stood 
fairly upon the Constitution in opposition 
to the Abolition attacks upon the institu- 
tions of the South. He squarely met their 
assaults and in the stormy scenes that fol- 
lowed, as leader of the House, was fre- 
quently summoned to the White House for 
consultation by President Pierce. 

In the campaign that followed the nomi- 
nation of James Buchanan by the National 
Democratic Convention of June, 1856, Mr. 
Jones, who had drawn the platform of the 
convention, and who led the Buchanan 
forces, took an active part, both upon 
the stump and in party councils, no man 
contributing more than he to the triumph of 
the Democratic party in that election. He 
was himself returned to Congress for the 
fourth time by a majority of six thousand 
and four, the largest ever given any repre- 
sentative from Berks county. As soon as 
Mr. Buchanan was elected, public senti- 
ment gave Mr. Jones a place in the cabinet. 
His long experience in public affairs, his 
thorough knowledge of men, his familiarity 
with the public questions of the day, and 
his long advocacy of the claims of Mr. 
Buchanan to the presidency, all tended to 
assign in public opinion, a high place in the 
cabinet to Mr. Jones, although it does not 
appear that he made any effort to obtain an 
appointment. 

Mr. Buchanan indeed promptly invited 
Mr. Jones to a seat in his cabinet, but the 
dissensions which culminated in the split at 
the Charleston convention in i860, had 
already begun, and Mr. Jones declined an 
appointment in the belief that he could bet- 
ter serve the new administration in Con- 
gress. 

During the first session of the Thirty- 
fifth Congress Mr. Jones' position as leader 
of the House was recognized by his appoint- 
ment as chairman of the Committee on 
Ways and Means ; and by his ability, labor 
and parliamentary skill he overcame the 



890 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



difficulties of his position, and handled suc- 
cessfully the legislative measures necessary 
for the administration of the government. 
As the recognized leader of his party in the 
House, he used his influence in favor of 
the admission of Kansas under the Le- 
compton Constitution, the bill passing the 
Senate with but one Democrat, Stephen 
A. Douglass, voting against it, and passing 
the House with but few dissenting Demo- 
cratic votes. Mr. Jones was engaged in 
many debates on various subjects vital to 
the period, and maintained his high position 
as a clear headed, forceful debater and 
leader. 

In 1858 Mr. Jones was unanimously nom- 
inated by the County Convention for a fifth 
term in Congress, but at the following elec- 
tion the revolution was on, the Democratic 
party was overwhelmed and swept from its 
moorings and his opponent was returned 
elected. The return was not an honest one, 
frauds in the City of Reading alone, being 
discovered sufficient to reverse the return, 
but a contest was not considered. Plis de- 
feat was not a personal one, he shared the 
fate of his party, to whose principles he had 
always been devoted and to which he 
adhered faithfully unto the end. 

Immediately after the election Mr. Jones 
was offered the mission to Austria by Presi- 
dent Buchanan, which he accepted, resign- 
ing his seat in Congress and ending his 
valuable congressional career begim eight 
years before. This appointment caused 
great rejoicing in Reading. 

His residence in Vienna was a most 
agreeable and successful one, made espe- 
cially so by the cordial treatment he re- 
ceived from the Court, the Minister of For- 
eign Affairs and the diplomatic corps. That 
he was an able and accomplished diplomat, 
thoroughly acquainted with international 
law and keeping in touch with the moves of 
European diplomacy, is shown by his vig- 
orous efforts in behalf of the rights of neu- 
trals on the high seas and by his able diplo- 
matic correspondence. Six months after he 



left Vienna, J. Lothrop Motley, his suc- 
cessor, wrote to him, "Count Rechberg, (the 
Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs) 
always speaks of yourself with the greatest 
respect and regard." 

President Lincoln first appointed Anson 
Burlingame Mr. Jones' successor, but the 
Austrian government refused to receive 
him. This caused some embarrassment, and 
on August 12, 1861, Mr. Seward, Secretary 
of State, wrote Mr. Jones that he hoped it 
would suit his convenience to await the 
arrival of a new minister. Mr. Jones, owing 
to the critical conditions caused by the Civil 
War, consented and was in charge of the 
legation until October, 1861, when he was 
relieved by his successor, the noted his- 
torian, J. Lothrop Motley. When relieved 
of official responsibilities Mr. Jones pre- 
sented his letter of recall at an audience 
with the Emperor and started on his jour- 
ney home. He arrived in Reading, Decem- 
ber 30, 1861, and was welcomed with the 
same kindly enthusiasm by his neighbors as 
when they had bade him godspeed three 
years earlier, upon his leaving for Vienna. 

Mr. Jones died in Reading, March 24, 
1878, and was buried in the family lot in 
Charles Evans Cemetery. He received 
many tributes of respect from the bar and 
press of the country, and over his grave 
the highest eulogies were spoken by men 
who, though differing from him politically, 
could unite in praising the qualities of mind 
and character that marked him as the great- 
est of Berks county statesmen. 

Mr. Jones married, June 23, 1832, at 
"Flushing," Bensalem township, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, Anna Rodman, 
daughter of William Rodman. Flushing 
was the home of her widowed mother and 
had been the home of her immediate branch 
of the Rodman family since 1752. 

William Rodman was born at Flushing, 
October 7, 1757, died there July 27, 1824. 
His ancestors had been prominent in the 
affairs of the colonies from earliest times, 
king's councillors, assemblymen, and mili- 



891 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tary officers. He was disowned by the 
Society of Friends for affirming allegiance 
and fidelity to the State of Pennsylvania, as 
directed by the statute of 1777. On Octo- 
ber 4, 1 78 1, he was appointed brigade quar- 
termaster with the rank of captain, and 
served until the militia was disbanded. He 
was justice of the peace for Bucks county, 
1791-1800, resigning when elected State 
Senator. He was four years a member of 
the State Senate and was chairman of im- 
portant committees. He was elected to Con- 
gress in 1810, his service ending with the 
Twelfth Congress, March 3, 1813. In 1799 
he had served as captain of dragoons in the 
service of the United States in suppressing 
the "Fries Insurrection," and in 1809 was 
presidential elector. 

J. Clancy and Anna (Rodman) Jones had 
issue : Esther Rodman, William Rodman, 
Anna Rodman, Elizabeth, Charles Henry, 
Richmond Legh, Mary, Katherine, and 
James Clancy. 



JONES, Richmond Legh, 

Corporation Lavrjer, Man of Affairs. 

A descendant of a long line of distin- 
guished Colonial and Revolutionary ances- 
tors, Mr. Jones in his own career has earned 
a position at the Pennsylvania bar and in 
the regard of his fellow citizens, that enti- 
tles him to be classed with the leading men 
of his day. He is a great-grandson of David 
Jones, who came to Pennsylvania in 1721, 
from Merioneth, Wales, bought a large 
tract of land in Caernawon township, Berks 
county, and there opened and devoloped 
iron ore mines that yet bear his name. 

Colonel Jonathan Jones, son of David, 
was senior captain of the first regiment 
raised in Pennsylvania for the Continental 
army, October, 1775; was engaged in the 
winter campaign against Quebec after the 
death of General Montgomery, and took 
part in many of the historical battles of the 
Revolution. For "gallant and meritorious" 
service in the field. Captain Jones was pro- 



moted to major of his regiment, and later 
to Heutenant-colonel in the Pennsylvania 
Line. 

J. Glancy Jones, a grandson of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Jones, and father of Richmond 
L. Jones, was an eminent lawyer and a dis- 
tinguished member of the National House 
of Representatives from Berks county, serv- 
ing from 1850 until 1859. He resigned his 
seat in Congress to enter the diplomatic 
service of his country, accepting the ap- 
pointment of envoy extraordinary and min- 
ister plenipotentiary to the Austrian Court, 
representing this country at Vienna during 
the early period of the Civil War, when our 
relations with European nations were ex- 
tremely delicate and the wisest diplomacy 
was necessary to prevent the recognition of 
the Confederacy. He married June 23, 
1832, Anna Rodman, a daughter of W^il- 
liam Rodman, of Bucks county, Pennsylva- 
nia, a brigade quartermaster in the Revo- 
lutionary army, later a member of the State 
Senate andi of the Twelfth National Con- 
gress. The Rodman family dates from the 
earliest colonial period in the New World, 
and contributed to the colonies and states 
many of their most distinguished citizens. 

Richmond Legh Jones, son of J. Glancy 
and Anna Rodman Jones, was born in 
Quincy, Florida, February 17, 1840; was 
educated in the best schools in his own coun- 
try and finished his university training at 
Heidelberg, Germany. Prior to entering 
that world-famed institution, however, he 
accompanied the United States expedition 
against Paraguay, sailed one thousand miles 
up the Parana river and witnessed the capit- 
ulation of Lopez, which was the crowning 
success of the expedition. Enroute going 
and returning he visited the principal cities 
of the eastern coast of South America, and 
the Islands of St. Thomas and the Barba- 
does in the West Indies. He spent several 
years in Europe, later returning to the 
United States, and under the preceptorship 
of his talented father studied and qualified 
for the legal profession. He was admitted 

32 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to the Berks county bar April 14, 1863, and 
later to all State and Federal Courts of the 
district; also to the bar of Philadelphia and 
other counties of the State. He rose to emi- 
nence in his profession and attained marked 
distinction, having tried and won many cases 
involving important principles of law, which 
are now quoted as precedents. His reputa- 
tion as an exponent of the laws governing 
corporations is so well established that in 
later years he was appointed by the Penn- 
sylvania Bar Association to revise the cor- 
poration laws of the State. He is counsel 
for the Reading street railway system with 
its suburban adjuncts and for the electric 
and gas companies ; and many other cor- 
porations which he represents owe their 
marked success to the genius, ability and 
learning of Mr. Jones, who wisely guided 
their organization and development. He is 
general counsel for the United Power and 
Transportation Company, and Interstate 
Railways Company, two corporations that 
control over five hundred miles of street 
railways in Pennsylvania, and adjoining 
states. As legal adviser, serving well the 
corporations that employ him, he has no 
less efficiently served the public interests in 
both a legal and private capacity. It was 
mainly through his efforts that the city of 
Reading recovered the tract of land lost for 
nearly one hundred years, lying at the foot 
of Penn's Mount, now beautifully improved 
as a public park and known as Penn Com- 
mon. It was also through his efforts that 
the public library of which he is president, 
was rescued from obscure conditions and 
impending disaster, placed upon an endur- 
ing foundation by liberal private contribu- 
tions, headed by his own generous donation, 
and presented to the City of Reading. These 
and other substantial benefits due to his 
energy and wise counsel are cheerfully 
acknowledged by the prosperous community 
in which he lives. 

Mr. Jones has also given much of his 
time and energ}^ to the public of the State 



and Nation. In 1862, when Maryland was 
invaded, he enlisted as a private and partic- 
ipated in the battle of Antietam. In 1863 
he was again in the field as captain of a 
company of Pennsylvania Volunteers. In 
1866 he was elected a member of the State 
Legislature from Berks county, was twice 
reelected, and during his second term in 
1868, was the candidate of his party for 
the speakership of the house. His speeches 
on the amendments to the National Consti- 
tution then being debated, attracted wide 
attention and ranked with the ablest argu- 
ments delivered in the House during the 
debate. Political life, however, had little 
attraction for him and on the expiration of 
his third term, he returned to his much 
more congenial profession, the law, and 
never again accepted public office, save as 
a member of the Valley Forge Commission, 
to which he was appointed by Governor 
Pennypacker, and reappointed by Governors 
Stuart and Tener. 

Mr. Jones is a member of various law 
associations and societies, is a member of 
the patriotic societies Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial 
Wars, Society of the War of 1812, and the 
Grand Army of the Republic ; he belongs to 
the Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, and 
is a vestryman of Christ Protestant Epis- 
copal Church of Reading. In his political 
faith he is a Democrat, though latterly he 
has acted independently upon national ques- 
tions. 

Mr. Jones married, November 26, 1870, 
Margaret Ellen, daughter of James Mc- 
Carty, a prominent ironmaster of Reading. 
Her mother was Rebecca MacVeagh, sister 
of Wayne and Franklin MacVeagh. His 
only child, a daughter, Anna Rodman, now 
deceased, married Nathaniel Ferguson of 
Reading. Their three children, Margaret 
Legh, Grace Rodman and Richmond Jones 
Ferguson, survive. Margaret is at Bristol 
School, Washington, D. C, Grace at The 
Misses Shipley's School, Bryn Mawr, Penn- 



893 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sylvania, and Richmond is a cadet at the 
MiHtary Academy, Wenonah, New Jersey. 
May, 1914. 

Mr. Jones maintains offices in "Lawyers' 
Row," Reading, and has a beautiful coun- 
try residence, "Merioneth," located on an 
adjacent hill overlooking the city. 



CADWALADER, Richard McCall, 

Lawyer, Iiitteratenr. 

An honored member of the Philadelphia 
Bar since 1864, an author of legal and his- 
torical works, a high official of patriotic 
societies, church and social organizations, 
Richard McCall Cadwalader stands as one 
of the prominent men of his day. He comes 
from a family distinguished in Pennsyl- 
vania under both colonial and state govern- 
ment, and is one of the many men distin- 
guished in professional and military life 
who have borne the name Cadwalader. He 
is of the fifth American generation of the 
Pennsylvania family founded by John Cad- 
walader, of Wales, in 1697. 

John Cadwalader was born in county 
Merioneth, Wales, about 1677, and at age 
twenty years came to this country bearing 
testimony from the Friends of Pembroke- 
shire that they had known him since his 
thirteenth year and that he "hath the repu- 
tation of an apt scholar and hath attained 
to as good a degree of learning as any at 
school." Furthermore they gave testimony 
that "his demeanor has been sober and inno- 
cent." The young man settled on the 
"Welsh Tract" near Philadelphia, and on 
December 26, 1699, married Martha Jones, 
daughter of Dr. Edward Jones, who came 
from Wales with the first immigrants from 
that country in 1682. Dr. Jones married 
Mary Wynne, daughter of Thomas Wynne, 
a physician who came with William Penn 
on the "Welcome." After his marriage 
John Cadwalader located in Philadelphia, 
where he taught school, later became a mer- 
chant, was elected a member of the common 
council in 1718, and in 1729 a member of 



the General Assembly. He died July 23, 
1734, leaving a son, Thomas, to perpetuate 
the family name, the only son to survive 
childhood. 

Thomas Cadwalader became a noted phy- 
sician, obtaining his professional education 
largely in England. He practiced first in 
Philadelphia, then located at Trenton, New 
Jersey, where in 1746 he became the first 
burgess under the charter granted by Gov- 
ernor Belcher of New Jersey. In 1750 he 
returned to Philadelphia and there rose to 
eminence in his profession, served in many 
positions of honor and trust, was an ardent 
patriot and lived an honorable, useful Hfe 
that terminated November 14, 1779, at the 
age of seventy-two years, at his farm 
"Greenwood," about one mile from Tren- 
ton, New Jersey. He is known in history 
as Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, the "Coun- 
cilor," having served with Chew and Mif- 
flin as a member of the Provincial Council 
from November 2, 1755, until the Revolu- 
tion. He also served as a member of Phil- 
adelphia common council, 1751 until 1774. 
He married, June 18, 1738, Hannah, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Lambert, of New Jersey ; she 
died in Philadelphia in 1786, aged seventy- 
four years, and was buried in Friends' bury- 
ing ground at Fifth and Arch streets ; Dr. 
Thomas Cadwalader was buried in Friends' 
burying ground in Trenton, New Jersey, in 
which city he had founded a public library. 
His daughters married distinguished men 
of their day, except the youngest, Elizabeth, 
one of the flower girls at Washington's re- 
ception in Trenton in 1789, who died un- 
married ten years after that event, aged 
twenty-nine years. His sons. General John 
and Colonel Lambert, were distinguished 
men of their day. 

Colonel Lambert Cadwalader, second and 
younger of the two sons of Dr. Thomas 
Cadwalader, "the Councilor," and his wife, 
Hannah Lambert, was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, in 1743, died in Green- 
wood, New Jersey, September 13, 1823, 
and is buried in Friends' ground in Tren- 



894 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton. He was a merchant of Philadelphia, 
associated with his brother, General John 
Cadwalader, and as early as May i8, 1766, 
his letters show his feelings concerning the 
dispute with the Mother Country. On that 
date he wrote to George Morgan : 

I have now the pleasure to communicate to 
you the joyful news of the repeal of the Stamp 
Act ; news that almost calls back youth to the 
aged, gives health and vigor to the sick and in- 
firm. The act to repeal the Stamp Act received 
the Royal assent on the i8th of March and a 
copy was brought here in a vessel from Poole. 
If ever the Americans should fall into Paganism, 
place dead men among their gods and worship 
them, there is scarcely any one who will have a 
better chance of being enrolled in the number of 
them than Mr. Pitt. This great man by his abil- 
ities, virtues and e.xtraordinary courage has gained 
a never dying name. America is again free! 
God bless her ! long may she remain so ! As to 
the Act of Parliament to tax the colonies, we 
shall regard it as waste paper. Let us only enjoy 
liberty but half a century longer and we will defy 
the power of England to enslave us. 

Lambert Cadwalader was chosen, with 
his brother John, as member of the Com- 
mittee of Superintendence and Correspond- 
ence for Philadelphia, and Lambert was 
sent to the Provincial Convention which 
met in January, 1775. When the call to 
arms came, he promptly responded and was 
chosen captain of one the companies of the 
"Greens." When the Congress of Deputies 
called upon Pennsylvania for four bat- 
talions, the committee sent in a list on Janu- 
^"■y 3. '^Ti^y with Lambert Cadwalader's 
name at the head for one of the lieutenant- 
colonelcies. He was attached to the bat- 
talion under the command of Colonel Shea, 
and Graydon says in his memoirs : "Ours 
was on a footing of the most promising on 
the continent." On June 18, General Heath 
wrote in his diary: "The Pennsylvania 
regiment, commanded by Colonels Shea and 
Magaw,have the appearance of fine troops." 
That same month, under command of Gen- 
eral Mifflin, they erected Fort Washington 
on the Hudson, with Forts Constitution and 



Lee opposite. On the report of General 
Heath that Shea and Magaw's regiment 
were among the best disciplined troops of 
the army. General Mifflin was ordered with 
them to New York. When their time ex- 
pired. Colonel Shea returned home, but the 
Third Battalion reenlisted for the war as 
the Fourth of Foot of the Army of the 
United States, and Lambert Cadwalader, 
who had been in command, was commis- 
sioned colonel. At Fort Washington, while 
in command of his regiment, he was taken 
prisoner, though Irving, in speaking of that 
battle, said of General Washington that 
nothirtg encouraged him more than the gal- 
lant style in which Colonel Cadwalader, 
with an inferior force, maintained his posi- 
tion ; "it gave me great hope," he wrote to 
Congress, "that the enemy was entirely re- 
pulsed." With the rest of the captured gar- 
rison, Colonel Cadwalader was marched to 
New York, and although sent home was un- 
able to procure his release by an exchange 
of prisoners. He was compelled to remain 
inactive, and finally resigned from the army. 
He took a prominent part in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1776; and in 1784 was 
elected a deputy to the Continental Con- 
gress, serving until 1787. He was a mem- 
ber of the grand committee to which was 
referred the report of the Annapolis Com- 
mission, recommending the calling of the 
Federal Convention, resulting in the Con- 
stitution of the United States. He was 
elected a representative from New Jersey 
to the first Constitutional Congress, begin- 
ning March 4, 1789, serving in the First, 
Second and Third Congresses, finally re- 
turning to private life in March, 1795, at 
the expiration of the Third Congress. He 
bought in March, 1776, the country seat 
"Greenwood," in Ewing township, about a 
mile from the city of Trenton, New Jersey, 
a portion of which is supposed to have been 
of the original tract held by his father, and 
the place of his father's death. Here he 
resided until his death in 1823, full of years 
and honor. He married, in 1793, Mary, 



895 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Archibald McCall, of Philadel- 
phia ; children : Thomas McCall, of whom 
further, and John, died in childhood. 

Thomas McCall Cadwalader, son of Colo- 
nel Lambert and Mary (McCall) Cad- 
walader, was born at Greenwood, New Jer- 
sey, September ii, 1795, died there Octo- 
ber 22, 1873, and is buried in Friends' 
ground at Trenton, New Jersey. He was 
a graduate of Princeton, and later studied 
law, but never practiced. He was appointed 
June 2, 1830, deputy adjutant-general of 
the Hunterdon County Brigade, New Jer- 
sey Militia; lieutenant-colonel and aide-de- 
camp to Governor Seely, of New Jersey, 
April 10, 1833 ; brigadier-general and ad- 
jutant-general of New Jersey, July 30, 
1842. The last named office he held through 
all political changes until his resignation, 
January 26, 1856. In 1856, by the request 
of the governor, he traveled over Europe, 
visiting the various countries, inspecting 
and investigating the firearms in use in the 
different branches of service. On his re- 
turn he submitted a detailed report of his 
observations, which was printed. In March, 
1858, by special act of the New Jersey 
Legislature, he was brevetted major-general 
for "long and meritorious service." 

General Cadwalader married, December 
27, 1 83 1, Maria C, daughter of Nicholas 
Gouverneur, of New Jersey, and his wife 
Hester, daughter of Lawrence Kortright, 
and sister of the wife of President Monroe. 
Children: i. Emily, married William Henry 
Rawle. 2. John Lambert, graduate of 
Princeton A. B., and of Harvard LL. B., 
assistant secretary of the United States, 
member of the firm of Bliss & Cadwalader, 
later Eaton Taylor & Cadwalader, later 
Strong & Cadwalader, of New York City. 
3. Mary, became the second wife of Silas 
Weir Mitchell, son of Professor John 
Kearsley Mitchell, M. D., the well known 
physician and scientist. 4. Richard McCall, 
of whom further. 5. Maria, married John 
Hone, of New Jersey, a broker, son of John 
and Jane (Perry) Hone. 



Richard McCall Cadwalader, second and 
youngest son of Thomas McCall and Maria 
C. (Gouverneur) Cadwalader, was born at 
Greenwood (Trenton), New Jersey. Sep- 
tember 17, 1839. He is a graduate of 
Princeton College, Bachelor of Arts, i860, 
and of Harvard Law School, Bachelor of 
Laws, 1863. He was admitted to the Phila- 
delphia Bar in 1864, and was for many 
years active in practice. His writings have 
enriched the literature of the profession, 
his work, "The Law of Ground Rents," 
being a recognized authority. He has con- 
tributed frequently to the "American Law 
Register" and professional journals ; is the 
author of "Fort Washington and the En- 
campment at Whitemarsh," and contributed 
a great deal of valuable material, historical 
and genealogical, to Keith's "Provincial 
Councillors of Pennsylvania." He has been 
for many years a director of the Pennsyl- 
vania Fire Insurance Company. 

Through his distinguished ancestry, Mr. 
Cadwalader has gained admission to the 
patriotic societies of the nation. He is a 
member of the Sons of the Revolution, vice- 
president of the General Society and presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Society; is gov- 
ernor of the Pennsylvania Society of Colo- 
nial Wars, vice-president of the General So- 
ciety ; auditor of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania ; and a member of the Amer- 
ican Historical Association. He is presi- 
dent of the Philadelphia Club, a vice-presi- 
dent of the Swedish Colonial Society; a 
member of the Penn Club and the Baronial 
Order of Runnymede; and for many years 
has been secretary of the vestry of St. 
Thomas' Church. White Marsh. 

Mr. Cadwalader married, November 26, 
1873, Christine, daughter of J. Williams 
Biddle and his wife Emily, daughter of Pro- 
fessor Charles D. Meigs, M. D. ; children : 
Thomas, Williams Biddle, Richard McCall 
(2), Gouverneur, Lambert, Charles Meigs 
Biddle, and Alexander. The Cadwalader 
city and country homes are at No. 1614 
Spruce street, Philadelphia, and Fort Wash- 



896 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ington, Pennsylvania. His office is No. 133 
South Twelfth street, Philadelphia. 

Both Richard AlcCall Cadwalader and 
his wife, Christine Biddle, trace to royal 
ancestors — the Cadwaladers to Rhodri, King 
of All Wales, who died in 876, through 
twenty-seven generations of noble blood to 
John Cadwalader, the founder of the family 
in Pennsylvania, through his mother, Ellen 
Evans. Christine Biddle Cadwalader traces 
to David I., King of Scotland; Henry I., of 
France, and William the Conqueror, through 
her mother, Mary Montgomery, wife of 
Professor Charles D. Meigs, M. D., of Phil- 
adelphia. Mary Montgomery was a lineal 
descendant of William Montgomery, who 
came in 1701, settling in Monmouth county. 
New Jersey, through his son James, of 
"Eglinton." and his son William, of Phila- 
delphia, father of Mary Montgomery Meigs. 
William Montgomery, of Monmouth county, 
was of the twenty-first generation from 
David I., King of Scotland, through the 
noble families of Montgomery, Campbell 
and Bruce, to Prince Henry, Earl of North- 
umberland, son of King David I. by his 
wife, Lady Matilda, daughter of Wallheof, 
Earl of Northumberland. Prince Henry, 
of Scotland, married Lady Ada de Warren, 
daughter of William, second Earl of War- 
ren and Surrey, and his wife Isabel, grand- 
daughter of Henry I., King of France. 
William, the second Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, was a son of William de Warren, 
first Earl of Surrey, and his wife, Princess 
Gunfred, fifth daughter of Williami the 
Conqueror and his wife, Matilda of Flan- 
ders. 



BALDERSTON, John P., 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

In the Society of Friends the name of 
Balderston is one that has been well known 
for many generations. The family history 
dates back to the early days of Old Eng- 
land, and while the name is now extinct in 
that country, the "old stock of Balderstons 



was considered one of the most respectable 
families." 

The first of the ancestors to come to 
America was John Balderston, a native of 
Norwich, born in 1702. He married Han- 
nah Cooper, daughter of Jonathan and 
Sarah (Hibbs) Cooper, the former of York- 
shire, England, the latter living near Phila- 
delphia. After the marriage he settled in' 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and died in 
1782. 

A son of John Balderston, Isaiah B. 
Balderston, married Martha Ely, daughter 
of Thomas and Sarah Ely, in the county of 
Bucks, Pennsylvania, and soon after re- 
moved and settled within the limits of Deer 
Creek Monthly Meeting, in Harford county, 
State of Maryland, and in 1792 removed a 
second time and settled in Baltimore. 

His son, Hugh Balderston, married Mar- 
garet Wilson, daughter of John and Alis- 
anna (Webster) Wilson, December 23, 
1802, at a meeting of Friends in Baltimore. 
He died June 14, i860, in his seventy-eighth 
year, and was buried in the Friends' burying 
ground, near Baltimore, as was also his 
wife, who died in the ninety-fifth year of 
her age. 

Christopher Wilson, grandfather of Mar- 
garet (Wilson) Balderston, was a cele- 
brated Quaker preacher in the north of 
England, on the border of Scotland, in 
Yorkshire, where he lived and died. He 
came to America on a visit sometime prior 
to 1760, and was much pleased with the 
New World. His son John was engaged to 
a Yorkshire lady, who was not a member 
of the Society of Friends. His father was 
opposed and oflfered him an outfit to Amer- 
ica, if he would give her up. Pie agreed 
and sailed for the New World, landing at 
a little town called Joppa (before the city 
of Baltimore was founded), up the Gun- 
powder river, about a half mile above the 
present railroad bridge on the Philadelphia, 
Western & Baltimore railroad. When the 
ship arrived, everyone in the neighborhood 
came down to see it, for in those days a 
897 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ship from England was a great thing, and 
the girls standing on the shore picked out 
their beaux as they landed. When John 
Wilson stepped off the ship, Alisanna Web- 
ster said, "This is my beau, I'll have him." 
They became engaged. He afterward went 
back to England and on his return they 
were married and live at Stafford, on the 
Susquehanna river, about five miles above 
Havre de Grace. 

WiUiam Handy Balderston, son of Hugh 
and Margaret (Wilson) Balderston, mar- 
ried Rebecca J. Richardson and they became 
the parents of John P. Balderston, of whom 
further. 

John P. Balderston was born in Balti- 
more, Maryland, September 6, 1847. After 
receiving an education in the Friends' 
schools of Westtown, Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Balderston entered upon a business career, 
and at a very early age became connected 
with William F. Potts' Son & Company, 
incorporated, importers and jobbers in iron 
and steel tin plate. His abilities were soon 
recognized and he was entrusted with more 
important duties. Within a period of ten 
years from the time he became associated 
with the firm, he was made a junior part- 
ner, and upon the incorporation of the firm, 
July 6, 1904, he was made its president. 
To have become the head of so important 
a business institution was proof of execu- 
tive ability of a high order. He was not 
only a man of great energy and enterprise, 
but was the very essence of integrity. He 
placed great stress upon the guidance of a 
clear conscience, and his influence for good 
was felt everywhere his duties carried him. 
His equitable business policies and strict 
integrity of purpose had secured for him 
a warm and sincere friendship in the vari- 
ous walks of life. But Mr. Balderston was 
also recognized as a solid and useful man of 
affairs, and his services were in demand in 
many ways in behalf of the betterment of 
civic conditions. As a member of the City 
Club he was ever enthusiastic and active in 
movements for reform, and while serving 



the Chamber of Commerce his opinions pn 
matters of importance very often shaped 
the policy of the board. His connection 
with the Merchants and Salesmen's Asso- 
ciation (now out of existence) was also a 
most important one. It was a beneficial 
society, and Mr. Bald€rston was the guid- 
ing mind of the organization which, with 
others of its kind, probably did more to bring 
about the reform in life insurance circles 
than any other one thing. In charitable 
enterprises Mr. Balderston was ever ready 
to lend a helping hand, and he gave liberally 
of time and money to this end. 

Mr. Balderston married (first) June i, 
187 1, Rachel Stokes, of Cincinnati, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Stokes. She died in 1874, 
leaving one daughter, Lydia Ray Balder- 
ston. ]\Ir. Balderston married (second) 
Ella M. Mead, daughter of Nathaniel Em- 
erson Mead, of New York City. The 
widow and daughter survive him. 

At the time of the death of Mr. Balder- 
ston, August 30, 1910, the Chamber of Com- 
merce passed the following resolutions: 

The members of the board of directors of the 
Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce learn with 
profound sorrow of the sudden death of their 
esteemed and beloved co-worker, John P. Balder- 
ston. His zealous and active work as one of 
this board, and his generous and kindly dealings 
with his fellow members, won for him respect 
and high esteem from all those who liad the 
privilege of his companionship. We realize that 
in his death this community has suffered a distinct 
loss that will be felt most keenly by those who 
have enjoyed the inspiration and help of his 
friendship. Therefore be it resolved, that we 
e.xtend to his bereaved family our sincere and 
heartfelt sympathy with them in their affliction, 
and be it further resolved that a copy of this 
minute be engrossed and forwarded to the family 
of our departed member as a further token of 
respect. 

A meeting of the board of directors of 
the Merchants and Salesmen's Association 
passed the following: 

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God in his 
infinite wisdom to remove from our midst, our 





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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.A.PHY 



esteemed friend and associate, John P. Balder- 
ston, and whereas, we knew him for his broad- 
guage fellowship, his uncompromising honesty, 
his open-hearted, big-souled generosity, and the 
height and cleanliness of his thoughts; therefore, 
be it resolved — That we extend to his family our 
heartfelt sympathy in the hour of great bereave- 
ment. We realize how empty and inadequate 
any words of ours must seem at a time of such 
overwhelming grief, but we sincerely trust that 
they will see through them the sorrow and com- 
miseration that every member of this Association 
feels; further be it: Resolved, That a copy of 
these resolutions be suitably engrossed and pre- 
sented to his family. 

The resolution of the Philadelphia Tin 
Plate and Jobbers' Association was as fol- 
lows: 

Whereas, in the death of our fellow member, 
Mr. John P. Balderston, we are called upon to 
mourn the loss of a business associate of many 
years standing, therefore be it resolved — That 
this special meeting of the Philadelphia Tin Plate 
and Jobbers' Association, called for the purpose 
of taking action regarding the sudden removal 
from life's activities of our friend and brother, 
we are not unmindful of the tireless industry and 
manifest ability displayed by the late John P. 
Balderston during the forty years that he was 
identified with the tinplate and metal interests of 
the city of Philadelphia; during which period of 
time he won an unsullied reputation, bequeathing 
to his family and associates of this company, a 
record worthy of emulation. His splendid energy 
was not only expended for personal ends, but in 
private life he was a genial and pleasing friend 
and companion. With this tribute to his worth 
and character, we wish to assure his family of 
our sincere sympathy with them in their great 
bereavement, and that his name will always be 
remembered by those who have been his business 
associates, and who now are so forcibly reminded 
of the brevity and uncertainty of life. Further 
be it : Resolved, That a copy of this tribute be 
engrossed on the minutes of the Association and 
also engrossed and sent to the family. 

Just one more resolution might be added, 
the one adopted by the board of trustees of 
the Charity Hospital of Philadelphia: 

Whereas John Peck Balderston has by the 
Grace of Almighty God, been taken from us in 
the fullness of his usefulness, and whereas the 



suddenness of his death has found us unpre- 
pared to replace him in the important position he 
held among us, and, whereas, his mental strength, 
executive ability, and power of keen judgment 
were only equalled by his integrity of thought 
and uprightness of conduct in all his relations 
with us; therefore be it: Resolved, That we, the 
board of trustees of the Charity Hospital of 
Philadelphia, in regular meeting assembled, do 
hereby testify to our sense of loss, as well as 
grief for the absence from among us, of our 
friend and co-worker, John Peck Balderston, and 
be it Resolved, That we humbly bow to the decree 
of our Lord, who at this time sees fit to deprive 
us of a friend. And be it further resolved, That 
this preamble and resolutions be spread upon the 
minutes, and that a copy of the same be sent, as 
a token of respect, to the widow of our deceased 
associate. 



GREGG, Gen. David McMurtry, 

Distinguished Soldier, Fablic 0£Scial. 

With a glorious record of duty well per- 
forined, General Gregg, one of Pennsyl- 
vania's most distinguished citizens and one 
of the two yet living division commanders 
of Union forces who fought at Gettysburg, 
is serenely passing the evening of life. 
Long past man's scriptural allotment of 
years, three-score and ten, he is yet well 
preserved, and performs the duties of his 
office, president of the board of directors of 
the Charles Evans Cemetery Company, of 
Reading, Pennsylvania. Much has been 
written of General Gregg, particularly of 
his share in the victory at Gettysburg, where 
as commander of a division of cavalry he 
fought off Stuart and his cavalry, prevent- 
ing them from rendering Lee the assistance 
as planned and expected. He enjoys the 
distinction of being the only surviving 
Union general of that great battle, and is 
the last of its cavalry commanders. As he 
served the nation, so he served his State in 
high official position, and to his home city 
of Reading he has given years of useful 
service. He is there held in highest venera- 
tion and esteem. 

General Gregg descends from distin- 
guished ancestors, both paternal and ma- 



899 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ternal, tracing to Captain David Gregg, of 
Cromwell's army, and later one of the de- 
fenders of Londonderry, Ireland, during the 
great siege, finally meeting his death in a 
conflict between Orangemen and Catholics. 
He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, about 
1630. His son John was killed in the same 
conflict as his father, and later two of his 
sons, David and Andrew, with their sister 
Rachel, came to America, settling in New 
Hampshire in 1726. Andrew became dis- 
satisfied with that location, moving to New 
Castle, Delaware, and later to Chestnut 
Level, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. In 
1748 he purchased land near Carlisle, Penn- 
sylvania, where he died in 1789, leaving 
issue by two marriages. 

Andrew Gregg, son of David Gregg by 
his second wife, was a man of education 
and prominence. He served with the Penn- 
sylvania militia during the Revolution ; was 
Congressman, 1791-1807; United States 
Senator, 1807-13; Secretary of State of 
Pennsylvania, 1820, appointed by Governor 
Hiester; and candidate for Governor of 
Pennsylvania on the Federal ticket. He 
married Martha, daughter of General James 
Potter, who bore him many children ; one 
of their daughters, Jean, married Roland 
Curtin, and became the mother of Andrew 
G. Curtin, Pennsylvania's great War Gov- 
ernor. Another child was Matthew Dun- 
can Gregg, of whom further. 

Matthew Duncan Gregg was born April 
5, 1804, in Penns Valley, Center county, 
Pennsylvania, died July 25, 1845, and is 
buried with his brother, James P. Gregg, in 
a churchyard between Leesburg and Point 
of Rocks, Virginia. He was a lawyer, ad- 
mitted to the Huntingdon county bar in 
1825, practicing until 1838, when he re- 
moved to Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, and en- 
gaged in iron manufacturing. In 1845, with 
his brother, James P., and brother-in-law, 
David Mitchell, he purchased the Potomac 
Furnace, in Loudoun county, Virginia, and 
died shortly afterward. He married Ellen 
McMurtrie, daughter of David (2), son of 



David (i) McMurtrie, born at Ayr, Scot- 
land, 1709, died 1782, in Bedford, now 
Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania. David 
(2) McMurtrie was born in Philadelphia, 
was a merchant, and in 1802 was a member 
of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania. 
He married Martha Elliott, a daughter of 
Benjamin, and granddaughter of Robert 
Elliott, of Lancaster, now Cumberland- 
county, Pennsylvania. His son Benjamin 
was a member of the convention that met 
in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, July 15, 
1776, to frame the first constitution for the 
commonwealth of Pennsylvania ; was sheriff 
of Bedford county, 1784-85; first sheriff of 
Huntingdon county ; delegate to the State 
Convention that ratified the Federal consti- 
tution ; member of the Supreme Executive 
Council of Pennsylvania, and held several 
county offices in Huntingdon county, in- 
cluding that of associate judge. Fie mar- 
ried Mary Carpenter, granddaughter of 
Heinrich Zimmerman, born in Switzerland, 
in 1675. Matthew Duncan and Ellen (Mc- 
Murtrie) Gregg were the parents of nine 
children. General David M. Gregg being 
the third in order of birth. 

Another line of ancestry from which 
General Gregg derives Revolutionary and 
Colonial forbears is through Martha Pot- 
ter, his grandmother. She was a grand- 
daughter of John Potter, who emigrated 
from county Tyrone, Ireland, in 1741, set- 
tling first in New Castle, Delaware, later 
coming to Pennsylvania. He was the first 
sheriff of Cumberland county, and a cap- 
tain in Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong's ex- 
pedition against Kittanning, in 1756. His 
son, James Potter, was born in county 
Tyrone, Ireland, in 1729, and came to this 
country with his parents in 1741. On Feb- 
ruary 17, 1756, he was commissioned ensign 
in his father's company, accompanying 
Colonel Armstrong's expedition to Kittan- 
ning, was wounded, and on February 17, 
1759, was commissioned captain command- 
ing three companies on the northern 
frontier. In 1768 he moved to Sunbury, 



900 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania, and when the fighting at Lex- 
ington, Concord and Bunker Hill kindled 
the fires of liberty all over the colonies, he 
volunteered his services. He was elected 
colonel of the Upper Battalion, January 24, 
1776, and in July of that year was a mem- 
ber of the first constitutional convention. 
He was in command of a battalion of 
Northumberland county militia at the bat- 
tle of Trenton and at Princeton, and on 
April 5, 1777, was appointed third brigadier- 
general of the Pennsylvania militia. He 
commanded a brigade at Brandywine and 
Germantown, and served on the outpost at 
Valley Forge. He was a member of the 
council from Snyder county in 1780, and on 
November 14, 1781, was elected to the office 
of vice-president of Pennsylvania; elected 
major-general in 1782, and in 1784 was 
chosen a member of the board of censors. 
General James Potter married (first) Eliz- 
abeth Cathcart, (second) Mrs. Mary Cham- 
bers, daughter of James and Mary 
(Stewart) Patterson. Martha (Potter) 
Gregg was one of the three daughters of 
General Potter by his second wife. From 
the intermarriage of Scotch, Irish and Swiss 
blood came General David McMurtrie 
Gregg, of Reading. In tracing his lineage 
one ceases to wonder that West Point was 
his goal in youth. Plis heritage was war- 
like, and his public usefulness was but fol- 
lowing in the footsteps of his distinguished 
forbears. 

General Gregg was born in Huntingdon, 
Pennsylvania, April 10, 1833, son of Mat- 
thew Duncan and Ellen (McMurtrie) 
Gregg. His early life was spent in Belle- 
fonte, Harrisburg and Hollidaysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, the family moving to Loudoun 
county, Virginia, in April, 1845, but return- 
ing the following July without the father, 
he having died during the short interval. 
The mother died at Bedford, Pennsylvania, 
in 1847, David McMurtrie then becoming a 
member of the family of David McMurtrie, 
his uncle. He attended the excellent John 
A. Hall school for two years, then entered 



Milnwood Academy, in Huntingdon county, 
later joining his brother Andrew at Lewis- 
burg University. While a student at the 
latter institution he received an appointment 
to a cadetship at the United States Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point, passed the 
required mental and physical examination, 
and was admitted July i, 1855. Four years 
later he was graduated eighth in a class of 
thirty- four, including the later prominent 
Union generals of the Army of the Po- 
tomac, Averill, Webb, Ruggles, Comstock; 
also Nichols, the latter a general in the Con- 
federate army. 

Cadet Gregg was made a second lieuten- 
ant of dragoons, July i, 1855, and thereon 
donned the army blue, which he did not lay 
aside until ten years later. He served in 
garrison at Jefi'erson Barracks, 1855-56, re- 
ceiving his commission as second lieutenant 
of First Dragoons, September 4, 1855. In 
1856 he was assigned to frontier duty in the 
West and on the Pacific coast, stationed 
first at Port Union, New Mexico, marching 
from that point to California the same year ; 
was at Fort Tejon, Colorado, 1856-57 ; Fort 
Vancouver, Washington, 1857-58; Fort 
Walla Walla, Washington, in 1858. In the 
latter year he took part in the Spokane ex- 
pedition, was in the desperate fight with the 
Indians at To-holsnimme, Washington, May 
17, and at Four Lakes, Washington, Sep- 
tember I, and a skirmish on Spokane river, 
September 8. He was on frontier duty at 
Fort Walla Walla in 1859, ^t Fort Dallas, 
Oregon, 1859-60, scouting against the Snake 
Indians, and engaged in a warm skirmish 
with them near Harney Lake, Oregon, on 
May 24. The winter of 1860-61 was spent 
on duty at Warm Spring Reservation. 

The outbreak of the Civil War then re- 
called him east, and the next four years 
were spent in almost daily grapple with 
foes bent upon destroying the Union. He 
was commissioned first lieutenant of the 
First Dragoons, March 21, 1861, and cap- 
tain of the Sixth Cavalry Regiment, May 
14, 1861. During the first months of the 
901 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



war he was on duty about Washington, D. 
C, and for the remainder of the war was 
in active service with the Army of the Po- 
tomac, save when absent on sick leave, Oc- 
tober 12, 1861, to January 24, 1862. He 
was commissioned colonel of the Eighth 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, 
January 24, 1862, and as such was engaged 
during the Peninsular Campaign at Seven 
Pines and Fair Oaks, May 31 and June i, 
1862; skirmishes at New Kent Court 
House, Savage Station, Bottoms Bridge and 
White Oak Swamp, in June, 1862; battle of 
Glen Dale, June 30; Malvern Hill, July i, 
and covering every movement from Harri- 
son's Landing to Yorktown, in August, 
1862. He was in the Maryland campaign 
of the Army of the Potomac, September to 
November, 1862, and on the march to Fal- 
mouth had several sharp skirmishes with 
the enemy during October and November. 
He was commissioned brigadier-general of 
United States Volunteers, November 29, 

1862. From December, 1862, until June, 

1863, he commanded a division of cavalry, 
being engaged April 4, 1863, at Rappahan- 
nock Bridge, and in Stoneman's raid toward 
Richmond, April 13 to May 2. When Lee 
started northward to invade Pennsylvania, 
General Gregg, still in command of a divi- 
sion of cavalry, was actively engaged from 
June 9 until the pursuit of Lee's retreating 
troops was abandoned in the latter part of 
July, 1863. On this campaign General 
Gregg fought at Brandy Station, June 9 ; at 
Aldie, June 17; at Middleburg, June 19; 
Upperville, June 21 ; Gettysburg, July i, 2 
and 3; Shepherdstown, July 16, continuing 
the pursuit to Warrenton, Virginia. This 
but faintly outlines his services in the cam- 
paign. He harrassed and blocked Stuart's 
cavalry upon which Lee relied, and kept him 
so busy that Stuart has been severely criti- 
cized for his failure to get to Lee's support. 
But, on the other hand, his defenders say 
his supposed disobedience of orders was 
caused by the constant fighting he was com- 
pelled to do for ten days to save his own 



command. Had Stuart with his dash and 
daring been able to have thrown one of his 
daring charges into the balance when most 
needed, Gettysburg would have been a still 
harder battle for the Union army to win. 
Therefore to General Gregg and his divi- 
sion is additional honor and glory due for 
the service there rendered. 

After Gettysburg, the Army of the Po- 
tomac was engaged in the Central Virginia 
campaign, General Gregg fighting at Rapi- 
dan Junction, September 14; Beverly Ford, 
October 12; Auburn, October 14; New 
Hope Church, November 27, 1863. From 
March 26 to April 6, 1864, he was in com- 
mand of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of 
the Potomac, and engaged in the Richmond 
campaign from April 6 to February 3, 
1865, in command of the Second Cavalry 
Division of that army. He fought his 
troops at Todd's Tavern, May 5-7 ; Ground 
Squirrel Church, May 1 1 ; Meadow Bridge, 
May 12; Haw's Shop, May 28; Gaines 
House, June 2 ; Trevilian Station, June 1 1 ; 
St. Mary's Church, June 24; Warwick 
Swamp, July 12 ; Darbytown, July 28; Lee's 
Mills, July 30, 1864. Many of these fights 
were skirmishes, but Haw's Shop and Tre- 
vilian Station were hard fought battles. On 
August I, 1864, he was brevetted major- 
general United States Volunteers "for 
highly meritorious and distinguished serv- 
ice throughout the campaign, particularly in 
the reconnaisance on the Charles river 
road." He was placed in command of the 
cavalry of the Army of the Potomac; was 
in action at Deep Bottom skirmishes, Au- 
gust 17; battle of Ream's Station, August 
23-25 ; combat at Peeble's Farm, Septem- 
ber 29-30 ; Vaughn Road, October i ; battle 
of Boydton Plank Road, October 27, and 
the skirmish at Bellefield, December 9, 1864, 
which terminated his active work in the 
field. He resigned from the service, Febru- 
ary 3, 1865. 

General Gregg's two brothers, Henry H. 
and Thomas I., both served in the Union 
army three years, the former as captain in 



902 





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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the 125th Regiment Pennsylvania Vokin- 
teer Infantry, and major of the 13th Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry ; the 
latter as lieutenant in the 6th Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, and as 
aide on the staff of his brother, General 
Gregg. In February, 1874, President Grant 
appointed General Gregg United States 
Consul at Prague, Bohemia, which position 
he resigned the following August and re- 
turned to Reading, which has since been his 
home. In 1891 he was the nominee of the 
Republican party for auditor-general, was 
elected, and served in that office three years, 
leaving a record of splendidly efficient 
service. 

General Gregg is president of the board 
of directors of the Charles Evans Ceme- 
tery Company, of Reading, and a member 
of the board of trustees of the State Lunatic 
Asylum at Harrisburg. He holds the 
friendship and regard of his brethren in 
arms as priceless, and from 1886 until 1904 
was commander of the Pennsylvania Com- 
mandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, a society composed only of officers 
of the Union army, 1861-65, and their lineal 
successors. In 1904 he was elected com- 
mander-in-chief of the order, a very high 
honor. Pennsylvania Military College con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of 
LL. D., an honor appreciated, but a title he 
does not use. 

General Gregg married, October 6, 1862, 
Ellen F. Sheaff, a great-granddaughter of 
Governor Joseph Hiester. He has two sons, 
George Sheaff and David McMurtrie. 

This review of the life of General Gregg 
necessarily omits many interesting events 
of his life, but enough is shown to justify 
the encomiums one hears on every side. He 
has fully paid the debt he owed the govern- 
ment for his West Point education, by ten 
years of devoted military service on the 
frontier, and on the great battlefields of the 
Civil War, and when the historian of the 
future writes the real history of Gettysburg, 
the work of the cavalry division commanded 



by General Gregg will be proven to have 
been heavy contributors to the Federal suc- 
cess. 

Modest and unassuming, no word of his 
ever indicates that he accomplished aught 
but his duty, and perhaps among all the sur- 
vivors of the Civil War is there none who 
claims less merit for himself. He is Read- 
ing's "Grand Old Man," and secure in the 
love and affection of his townspeople he 
passes a serene life, and reviews in his 
thoughts the stirring scenes through which 
he passed and the many great men he has 
known in civil and military life, with a satis- 
faction that outweighs all earthly honors. 



RODGERS, William Berlean, 

Prominent Business Man. 

The sand industry has been part of Pitts- 
burgh as far back as the oldest inhabitant 
can remember, and it is one which has in- 
deed grown mightily. This is shown by 
the immense progress in the means of trans- 
portation. Nowadays, giant scoops lift 
three yards of sand at one time out of a 
barge and drop it in repositories on shore, 
beneath which stand wagons or cars ready 
to be loaded and deliver the cargo. Sand 
is entering into commercial use more than 
ever before, and the necessity everywhere 
felt for products into which sand enters has 
caused the demand to assume proportions 
of constantly increasing magnitude. The 
men who most completely have met this de- 
mand and have thus been conspicuous in 
bringing about a high state of development 
of the sand industry are William Berlean 
Rodgers and his sons. The subject of this 
sketch is president of the famous Rodgers 
Sand Company, and is officially connected 
with a number of the leading financial insti- 
tutions of the Iron City. 

William Berlean Rodgers was born Feb- 
ruary 27, 185 1, at Franklin. Pennsylvania, 
and is a son of Joseph and Charlotte (Craw- 
ford) Rodgers. In the fall of 1850 his 
parents left Cooperstown, Venango county, 



903 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania, in a flatboat, seeking a home 
in the west, and having no particular desti- 
nation in view except the idealistic home 
that might be found and procured within 
the means of a young married couple start- 
ing in life. The boat became frozen in at 
Franklin, Pennsylvania, where French 
creek empties into the Allegheny river, and 
his father, a blacksmith by trade, secured 
employment, and the family remained here 
several months, and it was at this place 
that William B. Rodgers was born, while 
the boat was lying in the lock. Later on 
they drifted down the river until they came 
to Clarington, Monroe county, Ohio, this 
being the county in which his mother was 
born, and she, having become tired of their 
boat life, seriously objected to going any 
further, so a landing was made, and it was 
in this town that William B. Rodgers' father 
spent the remainder of his life. Since his 
death, in 1885, his wife has resided in Pitts- 
burgh, and is now nearing her eighty-seventh 
birthday. 

William B. Rodgers received a common 
school education, and at an early age began 
life on the river in the humble capacity of 
cabin boy. His was, however, a nature in 
which enterprise was inherent, and it was 
not long before he ceased to be a river hand, 
having served successively as engineer, pilot 
and captain, and while filling the last named 
position he became so well known that his 
title has always clung to him, and he is gen- 
erally known to this day as "Captain" 
Rodgers. 

He then associated himself with the coal 
business, and as a coal operator he was 
preeminently successful. His success was 
such that in 1881 he felt justified in build- 
ing boats for himself, and accordingly con- 
structed and owned the "Tide," "Time," 
"Little Bill," "Cyclone," "Iron Age," "Iron- 
sides," "Tilly," "Governor Francis T. 
Nichols" and "Troubadour." In 1899 his 
extensive coal interests were merged in the 
Monongahela River Consolidated Coal and 
Coke Company. During this portion of his 



career Captain Rodgers proved himself to 
be a man of strong will, inflexible purpose 
and sound judgment, who is recognized the 
world over as the truest type of Pitts- 
burgher. 

His enterprise next took the form of 
associating himself with the sand industry, 
and in doing this he achieved signal triumph. 
In 1900 the Rodgers Sand Company was 
organized with Captain Rodgers as presi- 
dent and his two eldest sons leading in the 
management, the other boys employed in 
the production, sales and deliveries. This 
company is the largest concern of its kind 
in Greater Pittsburgh, carrying on a very 
extensive general business as dealers and 
shippers of all kinds of sand and gravel for 
contractors, builders and others, and deals 
largely in builders' supplies ; also doing ex- 
tensive dredging, employing many men, 
teams, boats and machinery, and introducing 
on a large scale modern and systematic 
methods in the handling of sand and gravel. 
In addition to its steamers and dredges the 
company owns landings, floats and yards for 
the proper handling of material. The 
steamers and dredges are the "Margaret," 
"Charlotte," "Rebecca," "Harriet," "Alice," 
"Flora," "Twilight," "John Mackey" and 
"Bettie." As head of this immense concern 
Captain Rodgers has given abundant proof 
that he possesses the power of handling 
large bodies of men and of coordinating 
their energies with skill and efficiency. In 
doing so he wins, by his strict justice and 
unvarying kindliness, their loyal devotion to 
his interests, and this has been no incon- 
siderable factor in his phenomenal success. 

A man of action rather than words Cap- 
tain Rodgers demonstrates his public spirit 
by actual achievements that advance the 
prosperity and wealth of the community 
and by his acceptance of trusts which bear 
testimony to the confidence reposed in him. 
In addition to the presidency and director- 
ship of the Rodgers Sand Company he holds 
the same offices in the Allegheny Trust 
Company, having been one of its organizers 



904 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and its first president, to which position he- 
was recently reelected for the fourteenth 
time. He is also a director in the Bellevue 
Realty Savings and Trust Company, which 
he helped to organize, and was a director in 
the Mechanics' National Bank, having been 
connected with the last named institution 
for many years. He is president of the 
Coal Exchange, and now holds the position 
of chairman of the rivers and harbors com- 
mittee of the Chamber of Commerce, in 
which he is a director and has always been 
a moving spirit. He is also a member of 
Harbor No. 25, Masters and Pilots. Cap- 
tain RoJgers helped organize the National 
Rivers and Harbors Congress of the United 
States and is one of its directors. He also 
helped organize the Ohio Valley Improve- 
ment Association and is a director in same. 
His energies have been largely directed in 
these lines for the past forty years. To 
whatever he undertakes he gives his whole 
soul, allowing none of the many interests 
intrusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Captain 
Rodgers stands in the front rank. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat and is actively asso- 
ciated with the affairs of the organization. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him the full number of his 
benefactions will, in all probability, never 
be known to the world, for his charity is 
of the kind that shuns publicity. For nine 
years he served as member of the Bellevue 
Borough Council and was president several 
terms, the only office he could ever be per- 
suaded to accept. He belongs to the Engi- 
neers' Society, the Duquesne Club and the 
Pittsburgh Athletic Association. 

Of broad and liberal views, sterling in- 
tegrity and large nature Captain Rodgers 
is a conspicuous representative of a class of 
citizens which is doing much to advance the 
real interests of Pittsburgh. One of his 
salient characteristics is the ability to recog- 
nize opportunity and take advantage of it, 



and to this is to be traced no small measure 
of the success which has uniformly attended 
all his enterprises. Of pleasing address and 
genial disposition he wins friends easily and 
holds them long. His countenance and bear- 
ing are eminently characteristic. He looks 
what he is — a true and kindly gentleman 
and a courageous man. 

Captain Rodgers married, January 7, 
1873, Alice Ophelia, daughter of John W. 
and Sarah M. Jackson, and they have had 
seven children: Herman; Norwood, de- 
ceased; Isla, wife of Dr. John B. Donald- 
son, of Bellevue, Pennsylvania; Alice 
Ophelia, wife of Herbert Hamilton; Wil- 
liam Berlean Jr. ; Philander Knox ; lienry 
Clay Frick Rodgers. Mrs. Rodgers is one 
of those rare women who combine with 
perfect womanliness and domesticity an un- 
erring judgment, traits of the greatest value 
to her husband, to whom she is not only a 
charming companion but' a trusted con- 
fidente. Captain Rodgers is essentially a 
home-lover, loving no place so well as his 
own fireside, where he delights to gather his 
friends about him. His beautiful home is 
presided over by one of the most gracious 
and tactful of hostesses and the whole 
family command the highest respect from 
all who know them. 

Albeit not born within the limits of the 
Iron City, Captain Rodgers is a typical 
Pittsburgher, having spent his life since 
boyhood in the city or vicinity, a doer, seem- 
ing like radium, to possess the secret of 
perpetual energy which science cannot ex- 
plain. Moreover — and this is another mark 
of the true Pittsburgher — he is always too 
busy to talk about what he is doing. This, 
however, matters little. His deerls speak 
for him with an eloquence surpassing that 
of words. 

GRISCOM, Clement A., 

Prominent in Ocean Transportation. 

There have been comparatively few move- 
ments of construction or of organization in 
this or any other country that have not 

905 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



brought conspicuously to the fore the intel- 
lectual capacity, the directing genius, the 
powerful personality of some one man who 
may be publicly recognized as the pivotal 
point upon which rested the weight of the 
entire enterprise and to whom all looked 
for success or for failure. This has been 
the role of Carnegie in the development of 
the steel industry of this country ; of 
Goethals in the construction of the Panama 
Canal ; and this was the part played by 
Clement Acton Griscom in organizing trans- 
Atlantic transportation and in perfecting 
systems of general intercontinental com- 
munication between America and Europe. 
The recital follows of his life and a brief 
incursion into the spheres in which he 
moved. 

One of the seventh generation of his 
family in America he is a descendant of 
Andrew Griscom, who in 1680 came to 
America from England, purchasing land 
across the river from Philadelphia, now the 
site of South Camden. He married Sarah 
Dole, and had one son and one daughter — 
Tobias and Sarah. Tobias, the son, in- 
herited extensive lands from his father at 
Newton, Gloucester county, New Jersey, 
now a part of the city of Camden, and there 
died about 1720. He married Deborah 
Gobitas, and was the father of five children, 
one of them Andrew, of whom further. 

Andrew, son of Tobias and Sarah 
(Gobitas) Griscom, resided on lands near 
Tuckahoe, New Jersey, purchased many 
years previously by his grandfather, the 
founder of the American line. He married 
Susanna, daughter of John and Mary 
(Chambless) Hancock, of Salem county. 
New Jersey, her father of English birth, 
having settled in New Jersey in 1679, his 
descendants holders of important position 
in the affairs of that State. Hancock's 
Bridge, New Jersey, near the Hancock 
family homestead, was the scene of one of 
the most shameful incidents of the War for 
Independence — that of the British troops, 
commanded by Colonel Mawhood, shooting 



down unarmed non-combatants in 1778. 
Andrew Griscom's second wife was Mary, 
his son William, of whom further, being a 
child of his first marriage. 

William, son of Andrew and Susanna 
(Hancock) Griscom, was born in Salem 
county. New Jersey, passing his entire life 
in that locality. He married, in 1773, 
Rachel, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Bacon) Denn, granddaughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Oakford) Denn, and great- 
granddaughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Maddox) Denn. There were six children 
of the marriage of William and Rachel 
(Denn) Griscom, one of the sons being 
William, of whom further. 

William, son of William and Rachel 
(Denn) Griscom, was born in New Jersey, 
there residing for a time, later in life 
making his home with his sons, William 
and Samuel, near Frankford, Philadelphia, 
as did likewise his wife. He married Ann 
Stewart, of Salem, New Jersey, and was 
the father of six children, one of them John 
Denn, of whom further. 

John Denn, son of William and Ann 
(Stewart) Griscom, was born in Salem, 
New Jersey, March 25, 1809, died July 23, 
1890. Completing in 1838 the medical 
course in the University of Pennsylvania he 
received his M. D. from that institution and 
immediately assumed a position in his pro- 
fession. This place he constantly bettered, 
practicing continuously in Philadelphia, and 
became prominent among the leading ex- 
ponents of the medical profession of that 
city, being compelled during the latter years 
of his life to spend much time in European 
climes in order to strengthen his declining 
health. He married, November 6, 1839, 
Margaret W., born in Salem, New Jersey, 
November 23, 1819, died December 5, 1896, 
daughter of Clement and Hannah (Wood- 
nutt) Acton. Hannah Woodnutt was a 
daughter of James Mason Woodnutt by his 
wife Margaret, daughter of Preston and 
Hannah (Smith) Carpenter, a descendant 
of Governor Thomas Lloyd and of Samuel 



906 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Carpenter and Samuel Preston, provincial 
councillors of Pennsylvania. Margaret 
Acton was a descendant in the fifth genera- 
tion from Benjamin Acton, first recorder 
of the town of Salem, New Jersey, one of 
the passengers of the "Kent," which landed 
in 1677, a member of the Society of Friends 
of high standing. Dr. John Denn and Mar- 
garet W. (Acton) Griscom were the parents 
of: Clement Acton, of whom further ; Han- 
nah Woodnutt, married Frank Lesley Neall, 
of Philadelphia, who succeeded his brother- 
in-law, Clement A. Griscom, as head of the 
mercantile house of Peter Wright & Sons ; 
William Woodnutt, born July 6, 1851, died 
Sejitember 24, 1897,3 scientist and electrical 
engineer of prominence, president of the 
Electro-Dynamic Company of Philadelphia, 
married Dora Ingham, daughter of Rev. 
George Hale, D. D. 

Clement Acton, eldest son of Dr. John 
Denn and Margaret Woodnutt (Acton) 
Griscom, was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, March 15, 1841, died November 
10, 1912. Beginning his studies in the 
public grammar schools of his native city 
he continued them in the Central High 
School, finishing his education in the 
Friends' Academy. He took his place 
among wage-earners when sixteen years of 
age, obtaining a position as clerk in the long 
established shipping house of Peter Wright 
& Sons. Commissions of increasingly great 
importance were entrusted to him, and his 
devoted service led to his being admitted as 
a member of the firm at the youthful age of 
twenty-two years. Although but six years 
had elapsed since his entry into the service 
of the firm of which he was now a member 
they had been well and profitably spent by 
him in familiarizing himself beyond con- 
fusion with all of the firm's interests and 
connections. Consequently his advice for 
a policy of expansion was firmly founded 
on knowledge, and the gratifying increase 
in revenue from the purchase of sailing 
vessels for the company's trade, a step taken 
under his recommendation, showed the 



value of his counsel. The dimensions of 
the business steadily widened, Peter Wright 
& Sons becoming agents of the old Amer- 
ican Line, a .steamship line well known at 
that time. The organization of the Inter- 
national Navigation Company followed soon 
afterward, operating the Red Star Line of 
steamships, its formation the result of 
negotiations conducted with King Leopold 
of Belgium by Mr. Griscom, the American 
Line being absorbed by the new company. 
On May 13, 1871, Mr. Griscom became 
vice-president of the International Naviga- 
tion Company, succeeding to the presidency 
January 4, 1888. During his incumbency 
of the former office, in 1886, the old Inman 
Line became the property of the company. 
The "New York" and the "Paris" — the first 
passenger steamers using twin screws in the 
North Atlantic trade, at that time fine speci- 
mens of the ship builder's art as regarded 
comfort, convenience and safety — entered 
the company's fleet at this time, Mr. Griscom 
securing Congressional legislation permit- 
ting them to come under American registry. 
The next contract awarded by the Inter- 
national Navigation Company was given to 
William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine 
Building Company, the "St. Louis" and the 
"St. Paul" being in every way the equal of 
foreign made vessels, while their building 
in American yards was a needed aid to that 
industry in this country. The "St. Louis," 
the "St. Paul," the "New York" and the 
"Philadelphia" were vessels of the Inter- 
national Navigation Company that were 
placed at the disposal of the United States 
Government during the war with Spain, the 
two last entering the naval service of the 
United States, rechristened as the "Har- 
vard" and the "Yale," respectively. In 1902 
the International Navigation Company be- 
came the International Mercantile Marine 
Company, and under its enlarged scope and 
capital absorbed the White Star Line, the 
Atlantic Transport Line, the Dominion Line 
and the Leyland Line, Mr. Griscom being 
placed at the head of the newly organized 



907 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



company on October i, 1902, resigning the 
presidency in February, two years later, in 
order to accept the chairmanship of the 
board of directors. 

Mr. Griscom, during his busy lifetime, 
was not only interested in the finances of 
the great company of which he was so long 
a leading member. He required no legal 
advisor upon marine law and was as familiar 
with the rules of sea conduct as any master 
that ever took a vessel from harbor, in 1889 
being a delegate to the International Marine 
Conference, in which representatives from 
twenty-eight nations met, their object being 
the revision of the "Rules of the Road at 
Sea." From 1893 until 1903 he filled the 
president's chair of the Society of Naval 
Architects and Marine Engineers, upon his 
resignation in the latter year being made an 
honorary member of the society, and, with 
the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, 
Lord Kelvin of England and DeLome of 
France, was given honorary membership in 
the British Institute of Naval Architects, 
both the highest honors within the bestowal 
of the societies. Mr. Griscom received 
public recognition from the Queen of Hol- 
land, who conferred upon him, as the man 
responsible for the perfect order and dis- 
cipline prevailing upon the ships of the 
International Navigation Company, the 
decoration signifying membership in the 
"Knights of the Order of Orange-Nassau." 
The incident prompting the awarding of 
this decoration was the rescue of the crew 
and passengers of a disabled Dutch trans- 
Atlantic liner by the crew of the American 
Line steamship "St. Louis," two hundred 
and twelve being saved, the abandoned 
vessel sinking as the last boatload left her 
side. From the French Government Mr. 
Griscom received the decoration of the 
Legion of Honor, and until his death prized 
these testimonials of foreign esteem. 

The foregoing narrative has shown how 
important his part has been in the upbuild- 
ing of the present ample system of trans- 
Atlantic transportation; how vital his 



services to the International Navigation and 
the International Mercantile Marine Com- 
pany ; let the following list of his affiliations 
convey the correct impression of his en- 
grossing duties. He was a director of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and a 
member of the road committee ; a director 
of the Bank of North America, the Fourth 
Street National Bank, the Fidelity Trust 
Company, the United Gas Improvement 
Company, the United States Steel Corpora- 
tion, the Mercantile Trust Company of New 
York; a trustee of the Atlantic Mutual In- 
surance Company, and a manager of the 
Western Savings Fund Society. 

Social life held many charms for his 
genial, cordial nature, his Philadelphia asso- 
ciations of that nature being with the Union 
League, the Philadelphia, the Rittenhouse, 
Merion Cricket, the Rabbit, Philadelphia 
Country, Corinthian Yacht and the Farmers' 
clubs ; in New York — the Union, Metropoli- 
tan, City Midday and the New York Yacht 
clubs ; in Washington — the Metropolitan ; 
in London, England — the Marlborough and 
the St. James' clubs. 

Ranking with the decorations of societies 
and monarchs is the tribute that is made to 
Clement A. Griscom by the enduring quality 
of his work and the permanence of the re- 
forms that he instituted. Strongly and well 
did he build, great the honors that came to 
him living, honorable the homage paid to 
him dead as a man noble in mind, lofty in 
conception, successful in execution, lasting 
in influence. 

He married, June 18, 1862, Frances 
Canby, born August 11, 1840, eldest daugh- 
ter of William Canby and Rachel (Miller) 
Biddle, a descendant of the famous patriot- 
scientist, Owen Biddle, a member of the 
English family founded by William Biddle, 
a Quaker who suffered persecution in Eng- 
land, who settled in New Jersey in 1681, the 
family home having been "Mount Hope," 
on the Delaware river. Clement Acton and 
Frances Canby (Biddle) Griscom had: 
John Acton, born March 31, 1863, died in 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1865 ; Helen Biddle, born October 9, 1866, 
married Samuel Bettle, and has issue; 
Clement Acton Jr., merchant and financier, 
born June 20, 1868, married Genevieve, 
daughter of General William Ludlow, 
United States Army, and is the father of 
children; Rodman Ellison, born October 21, 
1870, banker, married Anna Starr, and has 
children ; Lloyd Carpenter, born November 
4, 1872, retired diplomat, married Elizabeth 
Duer Bronson, and has children ; Frances 
Canby, born April 19, 1879. 

At Mr. Griscom's death the family home 
was a beautiful estate on the main line of 
the Pennsylvania railroad, named "Dolo- 
bran," whither they moved after residence 
for several years in the city of Philadelphia 
and a short period in Riverton, New Jersey. 
Mr. Griscom's pleasure in his magnificent 
home and unexcelled surroundings was un- 
bounded, his stable of finely groomed thor- 
oughbred horses being for him one of its 
greatest attractions. "Dolobran," where his 
widow now resides, is one of the most at- 
tractive estates in that region of palatial 
homes and fastidiously kept parks, and there 
the friends of Mr. and Mrs. Griscom have 
met with hospitality as sincere as it is charm- 



WALTER, Robert, M. D., 

Foander of Walter Sanatorinm. 

There is no department of human en- 
deavor that has attracted to it such a vast 
army of investigators as the curing of dis- 
ease. These investigators are not always 
doctors, far from it, but in laboratory and 
study, in forest and dell, from one extremity 
of the earth to the other are earnest men 
seeking from plant, root or mineral to ex- 
tract that which gives "healing to the 
nations." Notwithstanding all the knowl- 
edge and skill possessed by man to-day he 
is baffled often in the treatment of disease; 
hence his constant and ever increasing de- 
mand for more knowledge. Along with the 
progress of medical knowledge has grown 



up another school based upon prevention as 
well as cure by purely sanatory methods. 
To this school belongs Dr. Robert Walter, 
who in 1877 opened for the benefit of suffer- 
ing humanity the Walter Sanatorium on 
South mountain, near Wernersville, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, the most perfectly 
appointed and successful sanatorium in the 
State, and believed to have been the first 
institution in any country, certainly in this 
country, devoted to the treatment of in- 
valids and the preservation of health by 
purely sanatory and hygenic methods. 

Dr. Walter is the son of George Walter, 
a farmer of Devonshire, England, who emi- 
grated to Canada in 1837, settling in the 
Province of Ontario in 1839. He died in 
1S92, aged eighty-four years. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Vodden, of 
England. She died in 1884, aged sixty- 
eight years. 

Dr. Robert Walter was born in the town- 
ship of Esquesing, Halton county, Ontario, 
Canada, February 14, 1841. He obtained 
his early training in the township schools, 
and to this he added largely through his 
own efforts. At the age of fourteen years 
he was clerk in a store, and at fifteen cashier 
and bookkeeper in a large tannery, continu- 
ing one year, until the death of the owner. 
Notwithstanding his youth the heirs of his 
late employer's estate retained him to settle 
up the estate, this responsible duty being 
performed faithfully and satisfactorily in 
due time. He next was called upon to settle 
his grandfather's estate, and so well was 
that duty performed that other estates were 
placed in his hands for settlement. He also 
served one year as assistant division court 
clerk, and taught in the public schools for 
several years. He became an expert stenog- 
rapher, and for a time was employed in 
New York City in the land office of the 
Northern Pacific Railroad Company. 

From youth he was a semi-invalid with 
the outlook very dark for a long and healths 
ful life. He originated a course of treat- 
ment that he rigidly followed, and finally 
909 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



recovered. He believed he had accomplished 
his own cure and he felt so encouraged by 
the success of the treatment in his own case 
that he resigned his position in the land 
office and began a systematic study of medi- 
cine. In 1872 he married and located in 
New Jersey, where he lectured on medical 
science, a subject that had been a constant 
study for several years. His wife was a 
graduate of the Hygeio Therapeutic Col- 
lege of New York, 1865, and in 1873 Dr. 
Walter, after a course of activities, was 
graduated from the same institution. After 
graduation he became manager in charge of 
a sanatorium and mountain home in Frank- 
lin county, Pennsylvania, later leased and 
conducted a health resort on South moun- 
tain, Berks county, continuing the same 
successfully. During this period he aban- 
doned the water cure theory and treatment 
and during the latter part of his term sub- 
stituted the modern sanatorium treatment. 
The success of this treatment was so pro- 
nounced that ere his lease expired Dr. Wal- 
ter began the erection of his present large 
collection of buildings, now known as Wal- 
ter Sanatorium, and in 1877 he opened it 
to the public. The institution, now known 
all over the county comprises a number of 
substantial stone buildings adjacent, five 
stories high and three hundred and fifty 
feet in length, with a farm and woodland 
covering five hundred acres. The buildings 
are thoroughly furnished with all modern 
conveniences and appliances; the healthful 
air, perfect sanitary conditions and hygenic 
precaution being the remedies used to pre- 
serve and rebuild the body. The location 
on South mountain is ideal. From the front 
of the buildings the mountains, hills and 
valleys to Reading, thirty miles westward, 
are visible, and from South mountain the 
rolling fields and hills of the Tulpehocken, 
Schuylkill and Ontelaunee valleys extend 
to the Blue mountains, twenty to forty miles 
away, and form a scene of indescribable 
beauty. From its first inception Walter 
Sanatorium has been thronged with guests 



from all over the United States, not by in- 
valids alone but by those who under the 
healthful conditions there prevailing store 
up energy for coming compaigns in business 
or profession. No more complete, success- 
ful or valuable a sanatorium exists in the 
State. 

Dr. Walter, founder and manager, is also 
a graduate of Hahnemann Medical College, 
Philadelphia, receiving the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine from that institution in 1888. 
He is a thoughtful, active man, and in addi- 
tion to the development of his sanatory 
methods and management of his great insti- 
tution publishes a monthly journal of health, 
numerous pamphlets relating to sanitation, 
and is the author and publisher of "Vita! 
Science," an octavo volume of three hun- 
dred and twenty pages, and of "The Exact 
Science of Health," a large royal octavo 
volume of three hundred pages, his deduc- 
tions being based upon the same principles 
that have caused chemistry and astronomy 
to be regarded as exact sciences. His 
methods of treatment and prevention are 
purely sanatory, no dogmas, schools or wild 
theories being followed. The patronage 
that for forty years has sought his health- 
ful home is the best testimonial that could 
be written, and judged by the public verdict 
the Walter Sanatorium is entitled to its high 
reputation and the good doctor to his un- 
blemished fame. 

Dr. Walter married, in 1872, Eunice C. 
Lippincott, of Dirigo, Maine, a daughter of 
John and Sarah (Kitchen) Lippincott, of 
Shrewsbury, New Jersey, and granddaugh- 
ter of Jacob Lippincott, a Friend, who con- 
scientiously opposed war with the mother 
country and migrated to Nova Scotia during 
the Revolution. This Lippincott family is 
a prominent one in New Jersey and Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. Walter, herself a graduate 
of the Hj'geio Therapeutic College of New 
York, has worked hand in hand with her 
husband in the development of his now 
proved sanatory methods, and assisted in 
the perfection of plans for the sanatorium 
110 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



as well as its management. Children : Maua 
M., Robert L., Mabel Helen (now wife of 
John Bridges, of Carlisle), Estella M., 
Ernest A. The first two are graduate phy- 
sicians and with their sister, Estella M., 
have from graduation actively cooperated 
with Dr. Walter in the development and 
success of the sanatorium. 



COX, Walter, 

Prominent Glass Manafactarer. 

The origin and growth of the wire glass 
industry is a most interesting chapter in the 
history of American manufacture, and there 
is no one who has played a more important 
part in its development than Mr. Walter 
Cox, of Philadelphia, president of the Penn- 
sylvania Wire Glass Company. The biog- 
raphy of Mr. Cox could not be written 
without giving something of the details of 
the wire glass industry any more than the 
history of that industry could be written 
without a mention of Mr. Cox, for he has 
been identified with it from the beginning, 
being associated with Mr. Frank Shuman, 
the inventor of the process, and serving 
first as secretary and treasurer of the Amer- 
ican Wire Glass Manufacturing Company 
and finally becoming the foremost man in 
the industry. 

Mr. Cox was born at "Solitude," in Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, September 17, 
1857, son of Colonel Hewson and Mary 
Ricketts (Camac) Cox. His grandfather, 
William Cox, was a Philadelphian who 
spent his later years in St. Paul, Minnesota. 
Colonel Hewson Cox won his rank and 
laurels in the Mexican War under General 
Scott, to whom he acted as private aide-de- 
camp and confidential interpreter. On the 
maternal side Walter Cox is a direct de- 
scendant of Thomas Lawrence, a provincial 
councillor, and mayor of Philadelphia nine 
times, and one of the twenty-four founders 
and original trustees of the University of 
Pennsylvania. Mary Lawrence, daughter 
of Thomas Lawrence, married William 
Masters, also a founder and original trustee 



of tliis institution; they had two daughters, 
Mary and Sarah, the former of whom be- 
came the wife of Richard Penn, a sketch of 
whose life is to be found in "Universities 
and Their Sons," in the files of the His- 
torical Society. A sketch of Thomas Law- 
rence, mentioned above, is also to be found 
in that work. Sarah Lav.rence married 
Turner Camac, of Dublin, Ireland ; their 
son, William Masters Camac, married EHz- 
abeth Baynton Markoe, daughter of John 
Markoe, the latter a son of Abraham 
Markoe, captain of the First City Troop of 
Philadelphia in the Revolutionary War. 
William M. and Elizabeth B. Camac were 
the parents of Mary Ricketts Camac, who 
became the wife of Colonel Hewson Cox, 
and the mother of Walter and the late 
Major Herbert Cox. 

Walter Cox received his early education 
in the private schools of Rev. John W. 
Faires and Reginald H. Chase. He was a 
student in the Department of Arts of the 
University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 
1877 and receiving the degree of ]\Iaster of 
Arts in the following year. During his col- 
lege life he was closely identified with the 
promotion of athletics, being one of a small 
coterie which included the late John Neil! 
and H. L. Geylin, who originated the col- 
lege cheer and suggested the college colors 
of the University Athletic Association. 
After leaving college he applied himself for 
a time to the study of law under the direc- 
tion of William E. Littleton, Esq., but did 
not complete his legal preparations, nor was 
he actively engaged in business until called 
to the service of the American Wire Glass 
Manufacturing Company of Philadelphia in 
1893 as secretary and treasurer. The fol- 
lowing year he was chosen vice-president 
of the parent organization, the Wire Glass 
Company. At this time the future of the 
wire glass business was pregnant with great 
possibilities, and Mr. Cox, with his char- 
acteristic foresight, was quick to take ad- 
vantage of the opportunity. On June 28, 
1901, he organized the Continuous Glass 

)ii 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Press Company, which name was changed 
July I, 1910, to the Pennsylvania Wire 
Glass Company, with Mr. Cox as its presi- 
dent, and the remarkable success that the 
company has met with in the thirteen years 
of its existence is due very largely to the 
unremitting toil and sound business manage- 
ment of Mr. Cox, and from the year 1901 
the yearly output of wire glass was in- 
creased from about a million feet to up- 
wards of twenty million feet at the present 
time (1914), a market having been found 
for the product in nearly every part of the 
civilized world. During this time business 
was greatly stimulated by competition and 
by improved methods of manufacture, 
thereby turning out a better product than 
had ever been made previously, and conse- 
quently increasing the demand for the wire 
glass. 

It is interesting to know just how this 
article first came to be made. The need of 
some such material as wire glass had been 
felt for some time, and it was the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company that first sought 
to solve the problem. They had experi- 
enced serious difficulty in the falling and 
breaking of their skylights. They sought 
expert advice and the matter was submitted 
finally to the well-known inventor, Frank 
Shuman, of the Franklin Institute of Phila- 
delphia, for solution, and he finally con- 
ceived a method of manufacture of wire 
glass in which the wire netting was im- 
bedded in the center of the glass during the 
process. "The Americana" says: "The first 
attempts to introduce a metallic mesh into 
the body of the glass were for the purpose 
of increasing its strength and to prevent its 
falling apart when broken. In this respect 
the product has been thoroughly developed, 
but in addition it has proved to be one of 
the most remarkable fire retardants, and in 
view of the exceptional hazard attaching to 
window and skylight openings in all build- 
ings its uses as a fire retardant is outranking 
in importance as well as quantity its other 
values. Wire glass will break, but it will not 



scatter. It can be fractured, but it will retain 
its place, and the perils incident to falling 
glass and the ingress and egress of draft and 
flame are avoided." When these qualities 
were fully demonstrated the underwriters 
made large allowances in structures where 
wire glass was used, and the increasing de- 
mand for this product has of late years been 
something enormous. The entire plant of 
the Pennsylvania Wire Glass Company is 
at Dunbar, Pennsylvania. It was thought 
best to concentrate at one point, so that all 
the work could be under the supervision of 
Mr. Cox, who divides his time between the 
plant and the Philadelphia office. 

Although his life has been crowded with 
activity Mr. Cox has been pressed into 
service in many other ways. In 1895 he 
became treasurer to the Hygeia Ice and 
Cold Storage Company of Philadelphia, 
manufacturers of artificial ice; is a director 
of the Aldine Trust Company; and has also 
had official connection with several other 
business enterprises, all of which have been 
remarkably successful. At the university 
Mr. Cox became a member of the Phi Kappa 
Sigma fraternity and of the Philomathean 
Society. He was one of the incorporators 
of the University Club, and has been a 
member of the Franklin Institute, Philadel- 
phia, and Cape May Golf Club. He also 
holds membership in the Merion Cricket, 
Racquet, Philadelphia Gun, Philadelphia 
and Atlantic City Country clubs, and the 
State Club in Schuylkill. The latter organ- 
ization is the oldest of its kind in the world, 
having been instituted May i, 1732, and has 
entertained at its board such noted person- 
ages as General Washington and General 
Lafayette. It is the most exclusive gentle- 
man's club in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Cox has very little time to devote to 
club life, however, but he possesses those 
qualities of mind and heart which have 
made for him a host of loyal friends. An 
instance of his popularity is in the fact that 
on May 10, 1907, he was elected president 
of his college class (class of '"]"], University 

)I2 




^u^-<^^. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OE BIOGRAPHY 



of Pennsylvania), and has held the office 
ever since. Many other members of this 
class have become famous, for instance, 
the noted surgeon. Dr. Howard A. Kelly, 
of Baltimore, and others high in business 
and professional circles in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Cox married. May 24, 1882, Hannah 
Ashbridge, daughter of Richard Ashbridge. 



MYERS, George H., 

Man of Affairs, Public Official. 

The city of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
owes its importance in the commercial world 
to the wise foresight, public spirit and extra- 
ordinary business ability of a few men who 
labored with untiring energy to establish 
and place upon a sure foundation the indus- 
tries and institutions that have made that 
city famous. Among all those whose zeal 
contributed to the upbuilding of Bethlehem 
proper, none are more entitled to grateful 
remembrance than George H. Myers, who 
departed this life in the year 1912, after a 
busy and useful life of unblemished integ- 
rity extending over a period of many years. 

George H. Myers was born on his father's 
farm on Little Bermudian creek, Adams 
county, Pennsylvania, August 26, 1843, "^'^^ 
in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, December 31, 
1912. He was the son of Jacob A. Myers, 
and a grandson of Henry Myers, of German 
ancestry, and of a family prominent in 
Adams county, born at New Chester, where 
his seventy-seven years were spent, engaged 
from youth in milling and farming opera- 
tions. He came of a hardy, long-lived 
family, one of his brothers living to be over 
ninety years of age. 

Jacob A. Myers was also born in New 
Chester, Pennsylvania, and grew to man- 
hood at the home farm, becoming a manu- 
facturer and owner of the Good Intent 
Woolen Mill. After his marriage he estab- 
lished a homestead on Little Bermudian 
creek, where he resided until 1855. In that 
year he became associated in coal mining 
operations with his brother-in-law, John B. 
McCreary, and moved to Tremont, Schuyl- 



yi 



kill county, Pennsylvania, and a year later 
to Audenried, Carbon county, where he was 
interested in the Honey Brook Mines and 
a general store. These properties were 
owned by the Honey Brook Coal Company, 
of which he was a director, and largely con- 
cerned until his death in September, 1865, 
aged fifty-one years. 

Jacob A. Myers married, January i, 1821, 
Sarah Ann Deardoff, born at Deardoff's 
Mill, near Petersburg, Adams county, Penn- 
sylvania, who survived him, residing until 
death with her son in Bethlehem. She was 
a daughter of George Deardoff, the original 
proprietor of the mill, and owner of a good 
farm nearby. She was all her life a faith- 
ful member of the Lutheran church, a faith- 
ful wife and devout mother. Children: 
Emily, married James Ellis, of Pottsville, 
Pennsylvania ; George H., of whom fur- 
ther; Nancy, married F. C. Mattes, whom 
she survived, a resident of Bethlehem; L. 
Richmond, a lawyer of Bethlehem ; Jacob 
U., also of Bethlehem ; William B., a banker 
of Bethlehem ; another child who died young. 

George H. Myers spent the first twelve 
years of his life on the home farm, attend- 
ing local schools. He then spent a year at 
Tremont, Pennsylvania, his parents moving 
a year later to Audenried, Carbon county, 
Pennsylvania. Here his long and success- 
ful business life began, his first employ- 
ment being as clerk in the Honey Brook 
Coal Company's store, in the intervals 
occurring in his school life. In i860, at the 
age of seventeen years, he entered Dickinson 
Seminary at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 
spending nearly four years at that institu- 
tion, following this with a full commercial 
course at Eastman's Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He finished his 
school life in the spring of 1865, then re- 
turned to his home in Audenried, where he 
became his father's valued assistant. In the 
September following the latter died and the 
son succeeded him as director of the Honey 
Brook Coal Company, the Myers estate 
holding a large interest in that company. 

3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Although Httle more than of legal age 
George H. Myers was chosen to administer 
and manage the family estate, and soon be- 
came interested in coal mines on his own 
account, besides faithfully conserving the 
interests of the estate he represented. He 
continued a director of the Honey Brook 
Coal Company until that corporation and its 
holdings became the property of the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey. The coal mines 
in which he became interested were merged 
in the firm of A. L. Mumper & Company 
in 1868, Mr. Myers having active interest 
in that company for ten years, when the 
firm became Thomas John & Company, so 
continuing until 1880, when upon the death 
of Mr. John the firm was reorganized as 
George H. Myers & Company. This com- 
pany became an important factor in the 
business world, operating largely in the 
Lehigh, Schuylkill and Wyoming valleys of 
Pennsylvania. After his marriage, in 1873, 
Mr. Myers established his home in Bethle- 
hem and from that time until his retirement, 
several years prior to his death, was actively 
concerned in the promotion of industries 
and the improvement of that borough. 

The firm of George H. Myers & Com- 
pany retained their interest in the Honey 
Brook Coal Colliery until May, 1892, but 
Mr. Myers was largely concerned in many 
other coal properties, holding the position 
of treasurer of the Mid-Valley Coal Com- 
pany, and was secretary and treasurer of 
the Alden Coal Company; director of the 
Silver Brook Coal Company; vice-president 
of the Ponupo Mining and Transportation 
Company of Cuba, West Indies ; secretary 
and treasurer of the Pioneer Mining and 
Manufacturing Company of Thomas, Ala- 
bama ; also largely interested in the Allen- 
town and Bethlehem Rapid Transit Com- 
pany. These were but his chief business 
interests ; he aided in the establishment of 
many enterprises and did all in his power 
to promote the public good. He was elected 
a director of the First National Bank of 
Bethlehem in January, 1874, and in 1880 



was chosen president of this most important 
institution. As president he was conserva- 
tive and helpful, strictly safeguarding the 
interests of his depositors, but giving sup- 
port to all that tended to promote Bethle- 
hem's prosperity. He continued at the head 
of the First National from 1880 until his 
retirement in 1896. 

As a business man Mr. Myers had no 
superiors for quick decision, farsightedness, 
wise judgment and integrity. His name 
was a synonym for uprightness, and to use 
the vi'ords of his lifetime friend, General 
Doster, his career was one of "unblemished 
integrity." He was a warm friend of John 
Fritz, and was perhaps closer to him than 
any other man in Bethlehem in friendly 
relationship. Having no "axes to grind" 
these two men were drawn together as by 
bands of steel, and remained the best of 
comrades until death separated them. 

Aside from the important part Mr. Myers 
played in the great development of his 
borough and section he was active in munici- 
pal affairs for many years. In 1877 he was 
elected a member of the borough council, 
serving until 1880, when he was elected 
chief burgess. He gave the borough a wise 
business administration, and in his official 
capacity displayed the same rigid princi- 
ples of honor that characterized his private 
life. He was fearless in the discharge of 
his duty, and championed all measures that 
tended to improve municipal conditions or 
forward the cause of civic progress. He 
did not crave political preferment, and only 
the earnest solicitations of his near friends 
drew him into the political arena. He was 
prominent in the Masonic fraternity, hold- 
ing all degrees in both the York and Scottish 
rites up to and including the thirty-second 
degree, Bloomsburg Consistory, Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite. In the York Rite 
he was connected with Bethlehem Lodge, 
the Chapter, and Hugh De Payens Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar. In political 
faith he was a Democrat, later a Repub- 
lican, and in religious belief a Lutheran, be- 

14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



longing to Grace Church, which he served 
for many years as elder. 

Mr. Myers married, in Bethlehem, in 
1873, Caroline Weiss, born at Summit Hill, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Francis and Eliz- 
abeth Weiss, her father a large coal operator 
and business man. Children : Frank J., 
Lehigh University, class of 1898; Emily R., 
educated in Berlin, Germany, after finish- 
ing a high school course in Bethlehem ; Kate 
W. and Caroline W., graduates of Bethle- 
hem, 1894, finishing in Berlin, Germany ; 
Helen D. ; George H. ; Legh R. ; Edward L. 
Mrs. Myers survives her husband and re- 
sides in the beautiful homestead in Bethle- 
hem, energetic and capable, of kindly heart 
and charitable disposition. 

This review of the life of one of Beth- 
lehem's greatest benefactors necessarily 
touches only the leading incidents of his 
career. A volume would not suffice to 
chronicle his many activities, record his 
many deeds of charity, and the help ex- 
tended to hundreds of men who prospered 
through his timely aid, wise counsel and 
never-failing friendship. As husband and 
father he was loving and affectionate, his 
home the dearest place on earth, and his 
family the object of his deepest devotion. 



WILLIAMSON, Isaiah V., 

Founder of 'Williamson Free School. 

Isaiah V. Williamson, deceased, adorned 
his long and eminently useful life with some 
of the most notable benefactions known in 
the history of the commonwealth. He was 
born in Fallsington, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, February 3, 1803, son of Mahlon 
and Charity (Vansant) Williamson, and 
fifth in line of descent from Duncan Wil- 
liamson, a Scotchman, who came to Penn- 
sylvania about 1661, long before the coming 
of William Penn. Isaiah V. Williamson 
obtained a limited education in the public 
schools, and at the early age of thirteen 
years became a clerk in Harvey Gilling- 
ham's store in Fallsington, and where he 



continued until he was of legal age. Dur- 
ing that period of his life he formed those 
strict habits of economy as to personal ex- 
penditure, and the careful investment and 
reinvestment of his savings, which con- 
tinued throughout his life. In 1825 he 
opened a retail store in Philadelphia, in 
Second street, near Pine street, but after a 
few months formed a partnership with Wil- 
liam Burton and moved the place of busi- 
ness to Second street and Coombs' alley. 
One year later the firm dissolved, Mr. Wil- 
liamson purchasing the store of John S. 
Newlin, at No. 9 North Second street. In 
1834 he formed a partnership with H. Nel- 
son Burroughs, his clerk, and which con- 
tmued until 1837, when he retired from 
active business as a merchant, but retained 
an interest as special partner in the firm of 
Williamson, Burroughs & Clark. There- 
after he engaged in a variety of public 
enterprises, investing his means wisely, and 
at the age of seventy years was reputed to 
be worth about $4,000,000. He was one of 
the founders of the Thomas Iron Works, 
also a director in the Pennsylvania Steel 
Works and the Cambria Iron Company, as 
well as having very large coal interests near 
Girardville, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Williamson now yielded to the im- 
pulse of his naturally kind and sympathetic 
nature and began a system of wise, judicious 
and liberal distribution of his fortune. He 
gave in a broad catholic spirit both money 
and property to hospitals, schools, homes 
and similar charitable and educational insti- 
tutions. He thus gave away in the years 
from the age of seventy to eighty-six about 
$5,000,000; yet so wisely had he admin- 
istered his investments that he was richer 
than when he began his benefactions. He left 
at his death an estate valued at $10,000,000, 
one-tenth of which he devised to charitable 
purposes. 

A princijial object of his benevolence 
was the institution which bears his name — 
the Williamson Free School of Mechanical 
Trades. His purpose was to afford to poor 

915 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and deserving boys a good education, to 
train them to habits of morahty, economy 
and industry, and to teach them useful 
trades. The school was founded December 
I, 1888, but it was not until 1891 that all 
was in readiness for the admibsion of pupils. 
The school property comprises forty dif- 
ferent buildings, located on two hundred 
and thirty acres of land in the beautiful hill 
section of Delaware county, near Media, 
sixteen miles from Philadelphia, on the 
Central division of the Philadelphia, Balti- 
more and Washington railroad, and is also 
reached by trolley from Philadelphia via 
Media. To this praiseworthy institution 
Mr. Williamson gave the princely sum of 
$1,596,000, par value, having an appraised 
value at the time of $2,119,250. In found- 
ing this school Mr. Williamson profited by 
the failure of other philanthropists to have 
their wishes carried out, and provided for 
an entire avoidance of hostile litigation by 
perfecting the establishment of the institu- 
tion within his own lifetime. The trustees 
selected by himself in the foundation deed 
selected the site, and but a few days before 
his last illness the venerable benefactor 
visited it, and in warm terms expressed not 
only his satisfaction but his pleasure, with 
reference to the matter, this approval being 
the last business act of his life. He died 
March 7, 1889, in his eighty-sixth year. 

In his provisions for the government of 
the school Mr. Williamson gave eloquent 
affirmation of cardinal principles of prac- 
tical benevolence. Himself a poor boy, and 
the architect of his own fortune, he pro- 
vided to smooth the way of lads of to-day 
unfavored by fortune. Candidates must 
pass scholastic, moral and physical examina- 
tions ; other things being equal admission is 
given in the following order: To those born 
in Philadelphia ; to those born in Bucks 
county ; to those born in Montgomery and 
Delaware counties ; to those born elsewhere 
in Pennsylvania ; to those born in New 
Jersey. Only native-born Americans are 
received, and none are admitted except such 



as intend to follow for a livelihood the 
trades taught them. If there were any 
doubt as to the efficacy and practicality of 
the Williamson Free School methods a visit 
would dispel the illusion. To see the air of 
interest, industry and activity that prevails; 
the well disciplined and orderly groups of 
boys eagerly absorbing information from 
an expert mechanic or a professor would 
assure the most skeptical that the William- 
son School fills a place occupied by none 
other. The most desirable result obtained 
is not that the school sends forth mechanics 
superior to those taught by the old methods 
but that it is graduating young men who are 
well equipped for their chosen callings ; that 
tastes in literature and culture have been 
developed that will not be content with 
daily labor and mere drudgery but will 
reach outward and upward for the better 
things of life; and that its graduates are 
men who in the coming days will make less 
plain the line of demarcation between the 
man of trade and the man of business or a 
profession and will raise the one to the level 
which it should occupy upon the same plane 
as the other. 



DERY, D. George, 

Leading Silk Manufacturer. 

A little more than a quarter of a century 
ago Mr. Dery, a college graduate, and de- 
veloped in the best weaving schools of the 
Eastern World, began his business career in 
the United States. He had acquired a 
thorough knowledge of silk weaving and all 
the attendant details of silk manufacture in 
Europe, and with this as his chief capital at 
the beginning he has risen to a height in the 
silk manufacturing world that he then little 
dreamed of. His career furnishes another 
and one of the most striking illustrations of 
the success that can be attained by a right- 
minded, clean-living, ambitious young man, 
with a definite view in life. Beginning as a 
superintendent Mr. Dery in a few years be- 
came a manufacturer, added mill after mill 
16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in different localities, until to-day he is the 
largest individual silk manufacturer in the 
entire world. This result has not been 
attained by any lucky turn of fortune's 
wheel, but by a thorough knowledge of his 
business, untiring energy and a sagacity 
that has never led him astray in the choice 
of a field of operations. With fifteen mills 
in operation in Pennsylvania and Massachu- 
setts his immense capacity for work can be 
estimated in some degree, but not fully 
understood until one realizes the responsi- 
bility this imposes on one man, the directing 
head of all. For this is not a corporation 
business, as Mr. Dery not only owns but 
directs the many silk mills that bear his 
name. 

The demands of his business would seem 
to be sufficient to fully occupy his every 
moment, but so well has he systematized 
his business and so well has he surrounded 
himself with men of capacity that he has 
had time to cultivate the finer side of his 
nature and surround himself with the 
choicest in art and literature. His library 
of standard authors of the Old and New 
World is one of the greatest pleasures of 
his life, while his private art gallery is filled 
with the best from the old and modern mas- 
ters. His knowledge of books, art and 
artists is profound, and his art collection the 
finest in the Lehigh Valley, and is a source 
of deep enjoyment to the owner. 

D. George Dery was born in 1867. After 
acquiring an education he began his life- 
long connection with silk manufacture. He 
gained a wide knowledge of all the details 
connected therewith and before coming to 
the United States was in charge of impor- 
tant plants. In 1887 he came to the United 
States, locating in the principal silk manu- 
facturing city of this country, Paterson, 
New Jersey. There he became superintend- 
ent of one of the mills, continuing as such 
for five years, and started in 1892 a silk 
mill in Paterson. This mill he conducted 
until 1898, when he moved his plant to Cata- 



sauqua, Pennsylvania, making that place 
his home and the base of his subsequent 
operations. The original plant at Cata- 
sauqua, which he built in 1897, was equipped 
with all the latest type of silk weaving 
machinery, was devoted to the manufacture 
of broad and staple silks, its capacity was 
doubled in 1899, ^"d fully occupied Mr. 
Dery's energy until 1900, when he estab- 
lished his second plant on a more extensive 
scale, locating at East Alauch Chunk, Penn- 
sylvania. His reputation was now estab- 
lished in the silk trade as a manufacturer 
and the demand for goods bearing his name 
outran the supply. He met this demand by 
the erection of a third plant in 1902, choos- 
ing Allentown as a location. From that 
time until the present expansion has been 
constant, until he now has a chain of fifteen 
silk mills, all in Pennsylvania except one in 
Taunton, Massachusetts. Plis fourth plant 
was located at Emaus, Pennsylvania, fol- 
lowed by mills B and C at Allentown. He 
next erected a mill at Taunton, Massachu- 
setts, followed in rapid succession by mills 
in Pennsylvania, at Kutztown, Northamp- 
ton, Windgap, South Bethlehem, Scranton, 
Olyphant, Forest City, Marietta, and mill B 
at South Bethlehem. As an employer of 
labor Mr. Dery is extremely practical, hold- 
ing the view that on the prosperity of his 
workers depends the success of the various 
business ventures. To this end he con- 
tributes by fair treatment and good wages, 
the best mechanical equipment, and a due 
regard for the welfare of all concerned. 
Short time is unknown in his mills and full 
wages are the rule even in times when busi- 
ness conditions would justify closing down 
or shortening hours. He is not an idealist, 
but takes the broad sensible business man's 
view that contented workmen are the best 
workmen. To the wealth and prosperity 
of the Lehigh Valley and other sections of 
Pennsylvania his operations have materially 
added, while the money distributed weekly 
to his employees is enormous in its volume. 

17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Dery maintains general offices in the 
National Bank building, Allentown, and 
New York offices at No. 383 Fourth avenue. 

Cultured and refined in his tastes, social 
and agreeable in his nature as he is, Mr. 
Dery's greatest enjoyment and recreation is 
in his books and study. Chemistry and 
physics especially appeal to him and to these 
he devotes much time and research. He is 
broad-minded and generous, aiding in the 
establishment and maintenance of institu- 
tions, charitable, philanthropic and humani- 
tarian. He enjoys the society of his fellow- 
men and belongs to social organizations in 
different cities — the Lehigh Country Club, 
the Northampton, Bethlehem, Livingston 
and Catasauqua clubs in Pennsylvania ; the 
Hamilton of Paterson, New Jersey; the 
Manufacturers' of Philadelphia, and the 
Manhattan and Republican clubs of New 
York City. He is a well known and influ- 
ential member of the National Association 
of Manufacturers of the United States, 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Zoological 
Society of New York, Society for Advance- 
ment of Science, and of other societies, 
scientific and educational. He is also a 
director of the National Bank of Allentown 
and the National Bank of Catasauqua. In 
political faith Mr. Dery is a Republican and 
in religious connection a member of the 
English Lutheran church. 

He married at an early age, and with his 
wife Helen and family has since 1898 main- 
tained his residence in Catasauqua, Penn- 
sylvania. Children: George M., a graduate 
of Lafayette College, now a student at Har- 
vard Law School ; Charles F. ; Helen. 

A remarkable man from whatever angle 
reviewed Air. Dery from the top-most round 
of commercial success can review his career 
with the greatest satisfaction. As the larg- 
est individual silk manufacturer in the 
world he occupies that position through his 
own eflforts, has wronged no man and can 
claim it as fairly earned. Neither has he 
wronged himself by pursuing the golden 
goddess at the expense of those qualities of 



mind and heart that constitute man's finer 
nature. His fortune fairly earned is used 
not ostentatiously but in the enrichment of 
his mind, the adornment of his home with 
all that is best and most elevating, and in 
the advancement of those who rely upon 
him for employment and in charity. He is, 
in addition to all, a good citizen, a kind 
friend and loyal to every obligation. 



RIEGEL, Henry H., M. D., 

Eminent Physician, Man of Affairs. 

For one hundred and fifty years the 
Riegel family has been prominently identi- 
fied with Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, although the founder of the family 
in America first settled in Bucks county. 
Dr. Henry H. Riegel, the leading repre- 
sentative of the family in Catasauqua, Penn- 
sylvania, is the oldest living practitioner in 
that city and although now aged seventy- 
eight years the good doctor and his buggy 
are familiar sights upon the streets and 
country roads. Since i86g he has been con- 
stantly in practice in Catasauqua, having 
previously spent eleven years in practice in 
other Lehigh county towns. Thus for con- 
siderably over half a century his life has 
been spent in alleviating pain and suffering, 
and to-day he is yet the trusted physician in 
families in which as a young doctor he first 
ministered. He is a fine type of the "old 
country doctor," who not only was the family 
physician but the trusted friend, adviser and 
confident, close to the hearts of his people, 
rejoicing in their prosperity and sympathiz- 
ing with them in their sorrows. Although 
he has surrendered most of his professional 
business to his son, who is associated with 
him, there are many families where the "old 
doctor" cannot be supplanted in their prac- 
tice nor in their affections. Children whom 
he has assisted into the world, whose child- 
ish ills he treated, and whose offspring he 
also succored are his firmest friends and to 
these he still ministers. In his long career 
he has accumulated large business interests 



918 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and in each of these he yet retains his con- 
trol. In the financial institutions in which 
he holds directorships he is faithful in his 
service and each week his seat at the direc- 
tors' table is always filled. Success, pro- 
fessional and financial, has crowned his 
efforts, but above these he places the posi- 
tion he holds in his community as an honor- 
able man and trusted friend. 

Dr. Henry H. Riegel was born in Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, November 12, 1836, 
son of Daniel Riegel, and grandson of Mat- 
thias Riegel, both of Hellertown, Northamp- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, and great-grand- 
son of Benjamin Riegel, a soldier of the 
War of 1812, a resident of Lower Saucon 
township, who on his return from the war 
was killed near Hellertown, only half a mile 
from his home. Matthias Riegel, born in 
Lower Saucon township, passed all his years 
on his farm in that township, was a Whig 
in politics and a member of the German 
Reformed church until his death at the age 
of sixty-nine years. He married Mary 
Kram, who bore him eleven children, Daniel 
being the fifth son. 

Daniel Riegel, son of Matthias and Mary 
(Kram) Riegel, was born in Lower Saucon 
township, Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, died at Nazareth, Pennsylvania, aged 
sixty-eight years. He located when a young 
man in Allentown, where he worked at his 
trade of tanner, and later conducted a meat 
market. In 1S37 he began a long career as 
an innkeeper, first conducting a hotel at 
Bath, Northampton county. Three years 
later he removed to Nazareth, where for 
fourteen years he conducted the well known 
Nazareth Hotel. He then retired from the 
hotel business, living in Bath until 1855, 
when he was elected sheriff of Northamp- 
ton county. He served with efficiency one 
term, living in Nazareth, where he con- 
tinued his residence until death. He was a 
very popular man, a Democrat in politics, 
and a devoted member of the Moravian 
church. He married Hannah Weaver, born 
in Weaversville, Pennsylvania, daughter of 



Michael Weaver, and granddaughter of 
John Weaver, of German parentage, and a 
soldier of the Revolution. Michael Weaver 
was a soldier of the War of 1812, a farmer, 
tanner and merchant, born in Weaversville, 
where he died at the age of sixty-four years. 
Dr. Henry H. Riegel, the seventh child 
of a family of twelve children of Daniel 
and Hannah (Weaver) Riegel, passed most 
of his early years in Nazareth, and until six- 
teen years of age was a student at Nazareth 
Hall, a Moravian academy of learning. At 
the age of eighteen years he began the study 
of medicine at Bath, Pennsylvania, under 
the preceptorship of Dr. W. E. Barnes. In 
the fall of 1855 he entered the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania, 
continuing one year. He again studied 
under Dr. Barnes during the summer of 
1856, entering Jefferson Medical College in 
the fall of that year. He was graduated 
M. D. in 1857, and on May 5 of that year 
began practice at Cherryville, Northampton 
county, continuing until January, 1861. He 
then spent one year in practice at Saegers- 
town, Crawford county, Pennsylvania, when 
at the solicitation of his father he located 
in Weaversville, the home of his mother's 
people. He remained in practice there from 
March, 1862, until the fall of 1868, growing 
in medical strength and acquiring a good 
practice. In 1869 he located in Catasauqua, 
Pennsylvania, opening an office on Front 
street, later moving to No. 27 on the same 
street. Since his coming in 1869 Dr. Riegel 
has been continuously in practice in Cata- 
sauqua, having a large practice in the sur- 
rounding country as well as in the borough. 
He is a skillful physician, has ever pos- 
sessed the confidence of the people and has 
ever conducted an honorable and success- 
ful practice. He admitted his son to prac- 
tice with him, an association that yet con- 
tinues. As years overtook him he did not 
confine himself to the old ways but kept 
pace with the medical discovery and is fully 
abreast of the times in treatment and pre- 
vention of disease. He was for years presi- 



919 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dent of the Lehigh County Medical Society, 
member of the Lehigh Valley Medical Asso- 
ciation, the American Medical Associa- 
tion, and the Pennsylvania State Medical 
Association, taking active interest in all. 
He is highly regarded by his professional 
brethren, while in public esteem no man 
ever stood higher. Noted and successful 
as a physician Dr. Riegel has also achieved 
prominence in the business world. 

In 1875 he became one of the organizers 
of the Slatington National Bank, was elected 
a director and still serves as such with great- 
est fidelity. Since 1879 he has been a direc- 
tor of the Catasauqua National Bank, of 
which his father was one of the organizers. 
He was an active worker in the Catasauqua 
Improvement Company, and first conceived 
the idea of inducing silk manufacturers to 
locate there. He also became the owner of 
the old Weaver homestead near Weavers- 
ville, an estate of one hundred and five 
acres of good land, and has since added 
other acreage, this being in the Weaver 
family for a century and a half. As land- 
owners in the valley either became prosper- 
ous or impoverished and wished to sell their 
lands. Dr. Riegel was often a willing pur- 
chaser and thus acquired many farms in 
the cement rock region and is to-day the 
owner of many acres of valuable land under- 
laid with cement rock. 

In political faith a Republican, Dr. Riegel 
has ever been prominent in municipal 
affairs. He served many years as member 
of the school board, was president of the 
board and an ardent advocate of advanced 
educational advantages for the youth of 
Catasauqua. He was appointed a member 
of the board of pension examiners, May 17, 
1889, served as president of the board four 
years, resigning during President Cleve- 
land's second administration. In 1909 he 
was elected chief burgess of Catasauqua for 
a term of three years, and only surrendered 
that high office, January 5, 1914, at the ex- 
piration of his term. His connection with 
the public service has been honorable and 



he gave to the duties of each office the best 
of his ability, regarding naught but the pub- 
lic good. He gave fully of his energy and 
enthusiasm in youth, of his experience and 
wisdom in his latter years and is yet the 
loyal and public-spirited citizen of the bor- 
ough where forty-six years of his useful 
life have been spent. 

Dr. Riegel is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, has served many years as 
trustee and is devoted to the interests of 
his church. He is a valued member of the 
Masonic order, is a past master of Porter 
Lodge, No. 284, Free and Accepted Masons; 
a companion of Catasauqua Chapter, No. 
278, Royal Arch Masons ; a cryptic Mason 
of Allen Council, No. 23, Royal and Select 
Masters; a sir knight of the Knights Temp- 
lar, and belongs to the Shrine, Rajah 
Temple, of Reading. He is one of the oldest 
members of the fraternity in Catasauqua, 
is highly esteemed by his brethren, who 
have honored him with many official posi- 
tions in the bodies named. He has attended 
two complimentary dinners to the sir knights, 
Allen Commandery, in 1912, and January 
30, 1914. 

Dr. Riegel married, in Cherryville, Penn- 
sylvania, July 3, 1858, Ellen J. Gish, born in 
Berlinsville, Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of Abraham Gish, a farmer 
and merchant. Children: i. Clifford H., 
now paying teller of the Catasauqua Na- 
tional Bank. 2. Emma L., married S. B. 
Harte. 3. William, graduate of Pennsyl- 
vania College at Gettysburg, Bachelor of 
Arts, and of the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, Doctor of 
Medicine, a practicing physician of Cata- 
sauqua, associated with his father for many 
years. 4. Mattie G., now Mrs. Kean, and 
mother of four sons; resides with Dr. 
Riegel. 

In this necessarily brief review of the life 
of Dr. Riegel it is to be especially remarked 
that after an unusually active, busy, useful 
life he is still "in the harness," carrying his 
nearly eighty years with a strength and vigor 
920 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surprising. At an age when men regard 
themselves entitled to all the rest, comfort 
and luxury obtainable he meets all the de- 
mands his official position imposes, has just 
laid down the chief burgesship of Cata- 
sauqua, and each week sees him boarding the 
train to attend the bank directors' meeting 
at Slatington, and each day sees the familiar 
horse and buggy bearing the "good doctor" 
and his still more familiar medicine case 
away on his errands of mercy to the sick 
and afflicted. Surely this "grand old man" 
has sown well and will reap abundantly. 



SMITH, William D., 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

In the zeal and energy with which he sup- 
ported and promoted organized charity and 
practical benevolence William D. Smith had 
no superior in his community. As one of 
Pennsylvania's ironmasters he acquired 
large business interests, and in municipal 
affairs advocated a high standard of city 
government, and warmly supported every 
movement for civil, moral or social better- 
ment. 

William D. Smith was born at Joanna 
Furnace, Pennsylvania, March 12, 1835, 
died in Reading, Pennsylvania, son of Levi 
B. and Emily H. Smith. He was educated 
at New London Academy, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, and Williston Seminary, 
Easthampton, Massachusetts, and after 
completing his studies became associated 
with his father and brothers in the opera- 
tion of the iron furnaces which gave name 
to the village of Joanna Furnace. He con- 
tinued in the iron business there until 1865, 
then until 1881, most of this period in part- 
nership with his brother, Horace V. Smith, 
owned and operated Isabella Furnace, in 
Chester county. In 1885 the works there 
were sold to Colonel Joseph D. Potts, and 
in 1887, after returning from a tour of 
Europe, Mr. Smith located in Reading, that 
city being his home until his death. He was 
a successful business man and was always 



prominent in the public service. In 1861 
he was appointed adjuster in the office of 
Dr. Edward Wallace, naval officer in the 
United States customs house in Philadel- 
phia, serving until 1865. In June, 1863, he 
raised and commanded Company D, Forty- 
second Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Militia, a part of the force called out to 
resist Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania. The 
regiment was on duty six weeks and during 
the latter part of that period Company D 
did provost duty at Hagerstown, Maryland. 
From 1876 to 1888 he was deputy collector 
and auditor of the Philadelphia customs 
house, serving during the terms of Alex- 
ander P. Tutton and General John P. Plart- 
ranft, collectors of the port. This position, 
involving much labor and responsibility, he 
filled most creditably, as he did all positions 
he was called upon to occupy. After locat- 
ing in Reading he became interested in sev- 
eral important enterprises and at his death 
was a director of the Reading and Temple 
Railroad Company, the Reading Trust 
Company, the Reading Gas Company, and 
from 1890 was a trustee of the Charles 
Evans Cemetery Company. 

In addition to the care of the private busi- 
ness interests of himself and members of 
his family he engaged for more than twenty 
years in a career of great usefulness along 
philanthropic lines, being prominently con- 
nected with the administration of various 
humane and charitable public institutions, 
to all of which he gave liberally of his 
means, his time and his personal service. 
From 1889 until his death he served as 
president of the board of trustees of Read- 
ing Hospital. The Home for Friendless 
Children was founded in 18S6 by a number 
of charitably disposed citizens of Reading, 
and in 1888 its main building on Centre 
avenue, north of Spring street, was erected. 
As chairman of the building committee Mr. 
Smith supervised its construction, and later 
erected at his own expense two wings that 
more than doubled its capacity. To this 
charity he devoted a great deal of his time, 



921 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was ever careful that the comfort of the 
little inmates was properly safeguarded. 
He served on the board of trustees of the 
home, which by its charter was under the 
administration of a board of woman man- 
agers. He was also connected, either as a 
member or official, with the Reading Benev- 
olent Society, Hope Rescue Mission, the 
Humane Society, the Associated Charities, 
and the Society for the Prevention of 
Tuberculosis. He was for many years a 
trustee of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, a vestryman of Christ's Protestant 
Episcopal Church of Reading, one of the 
founders and a leading benefactor of the 
newly organized St. Mary's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, located in the north- 
western section of Reading. He was a Re- 
publican in politics, but took no part in 
Reading local party affairs. He was one 
of the highly esteemed men of his day, and 
an honor to the State that gave him birth. 



SINNOTT, Joseph Francis, 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

For more than forty years closely identi- 
fied with financial affairs in Philadelphia, 
Mr. Sinnott occupied a prominent position 
in the business world. As a churchman and 
as a patron of charitable and philanthropic 
institutions of Philadelphia he devoted his 
time, talents, and substance to good works, 
and by bequests provided means for the 
continuation of benevolences in which he 
had been interested during his life. 

Joseph Francis Sinnott was a son of John 
and Mary (Armstrong) Sinnott, of Killy- 
begs, county Donegal, Ireland, and grand- 
son of Captain John Sinnott, of Wexford, 
who fought in the rebellion of 1798 and was 
later a sea captain, and Elizabeth (Murphy) 
Sinnott, a first cousin of Rev. John Murphy, 
the Irish patriot, and great-grandson of 
James Sinnott, of Castleton, whose family 
settled in Wexford at the time of the Nor- 
man Conquest, having accompanied Robert 
Fitz-Stephen to Ireland in 1169. 



Joseph Francis Sinnott was born at Kil- 
lybegs, county Donegal, Ireland, February 
14, 1837, died at his residence, No. 1816 
South Rittenhouse Square, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, June 20, 1906. He was well 
educated, taking a special course in Lord 
Hill's school and continuing his studies until 
1854, in August of that year, coming to the 
United States to join relatives in Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. On arriving at Phil- 
adelphia, however, he learned of the preva- 
lence of yellow fever in that city and of the 
deaths of his grandmother and aunts, who 
had fallen victims to that then scourge of 
Southern States. He changed his plans, 
and first, in the custom brokerage house of 
Watkins & Weaver, then in the counting 
house of John Gibson's Sons & Company, 
distillers, he commenced his long, honorable 
and successful career. He began as assist- 
ant bookkeeper with the latter firm, contin- 
uing until President Lincoln's first call for 
volunteers to defend the flag aroused the 
patriotic blood in his veins, inherited from a 
long line of ancestors who on sea and land 
had fought and died for principle's sake. 
He inlisted April 25, 1861, as a private in 
the later famous "Washington Grays," of 
Philadelphia, and with that company was 
the first to pass through Baltimore after the 
attack made upon the Sixth ^Massachusetts 
Regiment. From Washington he was 
assigned to duty in West Virginia under 
Major General Robert Patterson, serving 
until the expiration of his term, being mus- 
tered out at Philadelphia, August 3, 1861. 

After this military experience he returned 
to his position with John Gibson's Sons & 
Company and soon afterward was selected 
to manage a new agency that company had 
decided to establish in Boston, and there- 
fore was obliged to decline a captaincy in 
the "Rush Lancers" and to obey the call 
of his house. His management of the Bos- 
ton house was marked by the display of 
such ability, wisdom, tact and integrity that 
he won the confidence of his employers and 
the reward of an interest in the Boston 



922 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



branch. In 1866 he returned to Philadel- 
phia and was admitted a member of John 
Gibson's Sons & Company, one of the larg- 
est firms in their line in the United States. 
In 1884 Henry C. Gibson retired from the 
firm and was succeeded by Andrew M. 
Moore and Joseph Francis Sinnott, under 
the firm name of Moore & Sinnott. In 
1898 Mr. Moore died, his interest being pur- 
chased by Mr. Sinnott, who continued sole 
owner until his death. Thoroughly estab- 
lished in profitable private business he also 
became interested in other Philadelphia 
enterprises, became a large stockholder of 
the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad, serv- 
ing that corporation for a great many years 
as director, was also many years a director 
of the First National Bank and manager of 
the Commercial Exchange. 

He was a devoted member of the Roman 
Catholic church, the church of his fathers, 
and liberally strove to further its work in 
Philadelphia, serving on the board of man- 
agers of St. Charles Borromeo Theological 
Seminary, St. John's Orphan Asylum, St. 
Francis Industrial Home and the Catholic 
Protectory, and was a member of the Amer- 
ican Catholic Historical Society. Nor did 
his interest end with the support of insti- 
tutions connected with his own church, but 
he was associated with many of Philadel- 
phia's public institutions and in the general 
welfare of the city he had made his home 
for over half a century. He was a member 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 
the Archaeological Society of Pennsylva- 
nia, the Pennsylvania Society of New York, 
the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
the Academy of Natural Science of Phila- 
delphia, the Archaeological Institute of 
America, the Fairmount Park Art Associa- 
tion, and the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. 
In some of these his interest did not fail 
with his death, since his will provided a 
large sum to be apportioned among the in- 
stitutions with which he had been allied. 
In the hospital of the University of Penn- 



sylvania there is a room especially endowed 
by him for the free use of sufferers who 
have followed the profession of journalism, 
in memory of his son, Joseph E. Sinnott. 
The social side of his nature was strongly 
developed and he took a great deal of pleas- 
ure in associations with his fellow men. His 
clubs were the Penn, Art, Merion Cricket 
and Radnor Hunt. For two years after his 
marriage he resided on Warren street, Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, and shortly after his 
return to Philadelphia he purchased from 
his partner, Henry C. Gibson, the latter's 
home and property in West Philadelphia, 
extending from Walnut to Locust and 
from Forty-second to Forty-third streets. 
There he lived until 1891, when he built 
a country seat at Rosemont, Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Sinnott married, at Philadelphia, 
April 8. 1863, Annie Eliza Rogers, daugh- 
ter of Clayton Brown and Eliza (Coffin) 
Rogers, of Mount Holly, New Jersey. Mrs. 
Sinnott survives her husband, a resident of 
Philadelphia, No. 18 16 Rittenhouse Square, 
and "Rathalla," Rosemont, Pennsylvania. 
She is a member of the Pennsylvania Soci- 
ety of Colonial Dames of America, Phila- 
delphia Chapter Daughters of the American 
Revolution, the Acorn Club, and of various 
civic and charitable organizations. Through 
her maternal ancestry she traces to colonial 
families of Massachusetts and New Jersey 
and through paternal lines to the earliest 
days in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. She 
is sixth in descent from Lieutenant William 
Rogers, the founder of one branch of the 
Rogers family in Burlington county. New 
Jersey, a lieutenant of militia commissioned 
February 17, 1705, by Governor Cornbury, 
of New Jersey, and a descendant of Tris- 
tram Coffin, Thomas Mayhew, and other 
noted men of New England. Clayton 
Brown Rogers, father of Mrs. Sinnott, was 
a graduate of the College of Pharmacy of 
Philadelphia, a merchant, ironmaster and 
inventor. He was a birth-right member of 
the Society of Friends, a director of the 



923 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Corn Exchange, and one of the foremost 
men of his day. 

Children of Joseph Francis and Ann 
Eliza (Rogers) Sinnott: i. Joseph Edward, 
deceased ; a graduate of Harvard Univer- 
sity, 1886, studied law, entered journahsm, 
becoming connected with the editorial staff 
of the "Philadelphia Times," and assistant 
city editor; ill health compelled his retire- 
ment and until his death, July 21, 1892, he 
was assistant to the general agent of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad. 2. Mary 
Elizabeth, a member of the Pennsylvania 
Society Colonial Dames of America, Phila- 
delphia Chapter, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, the Historical and Genea- 
logical Societies of Pennsylvania, and con- 
nected with many social and charitable 
organizations. 3. Henry Gibson, died Feb- 
ruary 14, 1899. 4. Annie Leonora, married 
Dr. John Ryan Devereux, a graduate of the 
medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, lecturer, professor of medi- 
cine at Georgetown College, assistant sur- 
geon during the Spanish-American war and 
commissioned first lieutenant in the United 
States Army, June 29, 1901, now at Chevy 
Chase, Maryland ; children : Joseph Francis 
Sinnott, Margaret Mary, John Ryan Jr., 
James Patrick Sinnott, Annie Leonora Sin- 
nott, Julian Ashton, Edward Winslow Cof- 
fin, Mary Frederica, Agnes Sinnott and 
Anthony Tristram Coffin. 5. Clinton Rog- 
ers, married Grace Hamilton. 6. James 
Frederick, deceased ; married Edith Hynson 
Howell, and had children : James Frederick 
Jr., Annie Eliza, Mary Howell. 7. John, 
matriculated at the Universities of Cornell 
and Pennsylvania, now president of the Gib- 
son Distilling Company, a member of the 
Art, Racquet, Country, and Merion Cricket 
clubs, and the Colonial Society of Pennsyl- 
vania; married Mary Henrietta, daughter 
of Judge Luce, of San Diego, California, 
and resides at Villanova, Pennsylvania ; 
children : Joseph Francis and Edgar Luce. 
8. Clarence Coffin, married Mary Lanihan, 
and resides in Jefferson City, Montana ; 
children: James Coffin and Katherine. 



LAUBACH, Edward H., 

Snccessfal Business Man, Legislator. 

A successful business man, a loyal citizen, 
a good friend and neighbor, the career of 
Hon. Edward H. Laubach, of Northamp- 
ton, Pennsylvania, is one that is peculiarly 
pleasant to trace. Although deprived of the 
care of a father at the age of eleven years, 
he grew to manhood under good influence 
and after completing his college years 
assumed his father's place as the head of the 
family and manager of the estate, advanc- 
ing in the regard of his fellowmen until 
elevated to the highest political gift in the 
county. State Senator. This endorsement 
from the people among whom his life had 
been spent correctly gauges the estimate 
they placed upon his character and is evi- 
dence of the high esteem in which he is held 
by those who know him best. 

The Laubach family was founded in 
Pennsylvania in 1738, Christian Reinhardt 
and Marguerite Laubach arriving at Phil- 
adelphia on September 16 of that year. 
They were natives of the Palatine, Ger- 
many, and sailed from Rotterdam for Amer- 
ica on the ship "Queen Elizabeth," Alexan- 
der Hope, master. Christian Reinhardt 
Laubach settled in Lower Saucon township, 
now Northampton county, and from him 
spring all of the name tracing to the emi- 
grant. 

Peter Laubach, born in January, 1734, 
eldest son of Christian Reinhardt Laubach, 
accompanied his father to Lower Saucon 
township and there remained until about 
1755, when he moved to near Kreidersville, 
Pennsylvania, and there died in 1818, aged 
eighty-four years. His grave is in Zion's 
Union Churchyard near Kreidersville. 

Adam Laubach, second son of Peter Lau- 
bach, bought the old homestead at Kreid- 
ersville and in addition to a fine farm owned 
and operated a blacksmith shop. He mar- 
ried, in 1788, Margaret New land, of Lehigh 
county, Pennsylvania, who bore him eleven 
children, five of them sons. From Adam 
Laubach sprang the father of Samuel and 



924 




(Lclyt^y^- ^ ■ ■-<- ZX^^^^^■t-■r^^<=■^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grandfather of Edward H. Laubach, of 
Catasauqua. 

Samuel Laubach succeeded his father in 
the milling business in Northampton county, 
and in addition was engaged in a large and 
profitable mercantile business. He married 
Lucy Hess, of Northampton county, who 
survived him, from his death in 1863 until 
her own demise in Catasauqua, she at the 
time making her home with her son, Edward 
H. Laubach. Children : Samuel Laubach ; 
Edward H., of whom further; Allen D. ; 
Peter J. ; Samuel ; Amanda, married J. F. 
DeLong, of Bethlehem. 

Edward H. Laubach, son of Samuel and 
Lucy (Hess) Laubach, was born in North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania, in Septem- 
ber, 1852. His father died when he was 
eleven years of age, but his mother, a wise, 
prudent and Christian woman, carefully 
reared and educated her son. He attended 
public school until twelve years of age, then 
entered the institution that later became 
Muhlenberg College, Allentown. He con- 
tinued his studies there for two years, then 
spent two years at Franklin and R'larshall 
College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Although 
his tastes and inclinations were professional, 
duty called him to the management of his 
father's estate. He at once assumed control 
on leaving college, engaged in the mercantile 
and milling business and has since been 
actively engaged in business in Northamp- 
ton. His activities are large and varied, one 
of his large interests being the Northampton 
Brewing Company, of which he is presi- 
dent. 

Mr. Laubach is a lifelong Democrat and 
has always been a worker for party suc- 
cess. When but little past legal age, he was 
elected a member of the County Committee 
and for many years continuously held that 
position, often being chairman of the com- 
mittee. He served for several years as 
member of the State Democratic Commit- 
tee, was a frequent delegate to state con- 
ventions and served as chairman of import- 
ant committees. While never an office 



seeker, he often served as school director 
of the township, but never held public office 
until November, 1890, when he was elected 
State Senator from Northampton county. 
His long experience in political life as mem- 
ber and chairman of the county committee 
was of value to him as a legislator and 
enabled him to be of great value to his dis- 
trict. In 1894 he was renominated and on 
November 6 following was again elected, 
this being the first instance of a senator 
succeeding himself in Northampton county. 
To the duties of his office he devoted him- 
self, exercising painstaking diligence and 
diplomacy, obtaining recognition as a man 
of ability, occupying prominent position in 
the Senate and in public regard. 

In 1876 Mr. Laubach married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Stewart, of Catasauqua. 
Children : Mabel S., Samuel T., James H. 



KUNKEL, Paul Augustine, 

Latiryer, Pnblio Official. 

The bar of Dauphin county has always 
been distinguished for its diligent and pains- 
taking members. Since his admission to the 
bar in 1888, Paul Augustine Kunkel has 
steadily applied himself and assiduously 
practiced his profession, and accordingly 
holds a responsible place at the forefront. 

He is a descendant of an old German 
family, founded in Pennsylvania by John 
Christian Kunkel, who came from the Fath- 
erland (Palatinate) September 23. 1766, 
and engaged as a private in the Revolution- 
ary struggle for independence. He had 
located at York, Pennsylvania. 

The descent is through his son, Christian 
Kunkel, who became a merchant in York, 
and in 1786 removed to Harrisburg, where 
he engaged in the same business until his 
death in 1823. He was one of the organ- 
izers of the First German church. In 1796 
he was burgess of the borough, and fre- 
quently a member of the council. In 1809 
he was appointed by Governor Snyder a 
commissioner for the erection of a bridge 



925 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



over the Susquehanna river, and in the 
same year he was elected one of the direc- 
tors of the Harrisburg Branch of the Phil- 
adelphia Bank. He was twice married; 
first to Catharine Hoyer, and upon her 
death to Anna Maria Elizabeth Welshofer. 

George Kunkel was the eldest son by the 
first wife, and he became a prosperous mer- 
chant of Harrisburg, married Catharine 
Ziegler, and among their children was 
George Ziegler Kunkel, the father of Paul 
Augustine Kunkel ; and John C. Kunkel, 
lawyer and congressman. 

George Ziegler Kunkel, the second son of 
George and Catharine (Ziegler) Kunkel, 
was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1820, and died October 24, 1905. 
He enjoyed the usual school education of 
his day, and entered his father's store, 
located on Front street, which was the busi- 
ness thoroughfare. He was subsequently 
engaged for a short time in the hardware 
business, and then became a clerk in the 
Harrisburg Bank, which he resigned to 
accept a position in the Dougherty Bank, 
and then in its passing became an owner 
with J. C. Bomberger, in 1850, in what was 
known as the Mechanics Bank, in which 
he remained actively engaged in work to 
within a month of his death. He was a 
superintendent of the Salem Reformed Sun- 
day school for many years, and for more 
than fifty years an elder in the congrega- 
tion. He had been a member of the board 
of trustees of the Theological Seminary 
of the Reformed Church in the United 
States at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, for many 
years. On December 28, 1852, he married 
Sarah Isabella Herr, daughter of Daniel 
Herr, and sister of the late Senator A. J. 
Herr, deceased. She died January 17, 1905. 
Their children were: i. Mary, born No- 
vember I, 1853, died September 15, 1863. 2. 
George, born March 11, 1855 ; Judge of the 
Courts of Dauphin county ; married Mae 
Minster, of Philadelphia, and has children : 
George Jr., William Minster, Daniel Herr 
and Cecilia. 3. Daniel Herr, born January 



15, 1857, died April 21, 1880. 4. WilHam 
Henry, born November 23, 1858, died No- 
vember 21, 1862. 5. Sarah Isabella, born 
October 5, i860, died November 21, 1861. 
6. Anna Catharine, born October 22, 1862; 
married Edwin C. Thompson, president of 
the Citizens' Bank of Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and secretary of the J. Horace Mc- 
Farland Company, Harrisburg, Pennsylva- 
nia, son of James B. and Martha (Reily) 
Thompson. 7. Paul Augustine, of whom 
further. 8. Caroline Beecher, born Novem- 
ber 13, 1866, died November 26, 1899; mar- 
ried Christian G. Nissley, editor of the Har- 
risburg "West End Reporter," and has chil- 
dren: Isabel, Anna Ober and Catharine 
Kunkel. 

Paul Augustine Kunkel was born in 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, September 13, 
1864. He was educated at the Harrisburg 
Academy, graduating in 1882, was further 
educated at Yale College and Franklin and 
Marshall College, at which latter he gradu- 
ated as valedictorian in 1886. In 1887 he 
made a tour of Europe. After reading law 
the required period he was admitted to the 
Dauphin county bar, October 8, 1888. Dur- 
ing the legislative sessions of 1888-89-91 he 
was a newspaper correspondent for a large 
number of newspapers throughout the State. 
He was a charter member of the "Gov- 
ernor's Troop," organized in 1888, National 
Guard of Pennsylvania, and served a com- 
plete enlistment, holding the rank of ser- 
geant. He was a charter member of the 
Pennsylvania German Society. He has been 
reporter for the Pennsylvania County Court 
Reports since 1888, and is the author of a 
law book published in 1902 on the law of 
nominations in Pennsylvania. When the 
State Board of Law Examiners was insti- 
tuted in 1903 he was appointed by the Su- 
preme Court of Pennsylvania a member, 
which position he still holds. For fifteen 
years he served as solicitor for the active 
borough of Middletown, and his services 
have been engaged at times by other bor- 
oughs. In 1901 he was a candidate in his 



926 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ward, which was then the Sixth Ward, con- 
taining one-fourth of the population of the 
city, for the office of school director on the 
Republican ticket, but although he had been 
warned that he would be defeated because 
the Republicans had made an alliance with 
the Democratic candidate he stood for the 
office notwithstanding, and was defeated by 
his own party by one hundred and twenty- 
five votes. In 191 1 he became an independ- 
ent candidate for the office of district attor- 
ney at the solicitation of a great number of 
electors and the public demand. The inde- 
pendent movement found concrete ex- 
pression under the names of Keystone and 
Democratic parties, by which he was nomi- 
nated and his name placed upon the official 
ballot. Technically under the law no elector 
could make but one cross on the ballot, but 
a number of very earnest electors, empha- 
sizing their intention to vote for Mr. Kun- 
kel, placed two crosses opposite his name 
on the ballot, which ballots certain election 
boards failed to count, and at the official 
computation Mr. Kunkel lacked one hun- 
dred and thirty-six votes of a majority. 
Thereupon a contest was instituted and the 
ballot boxes brought into court were found 
to have been opened and badly damaged, 
and the search of said ballot boxes failed to 
find more than sixty or more uncounted 
votes. Mr. Kunkel is a member of the 
Salem Reformed Church, superintendent of 
the Sunday school, and has been prominent 
in the laymen's missionary movement. He 
also served a term as president of the Dau- 
phin County Sunday School Association. 
He is alio a member of the Harrisburg 
Rotary Club, a civic and business organiza- 
tion. 

He married, November 23, 1893, Belle 
King, a daughter of Arthur King, of 
Middletown, Pennsylvania. They are the 
parents of Arthur King, a student in Frank- 
lin and Marshall College ; Mary and Lydia, 
attending Seller's School for Girls in Harris- 
burg; Paul Augustine Jr., attending the 
public school. 



WENRICH, Reuben D., M. D., 

Proprietor Grand View Sanatorium. 

Reuben D. Wenrich, M. D., a graduate of 
the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, and a lifelong medical 
practitioner, adds to the skill of the medical 
man the acute sagacity of the trained man 
of business. He is best known in Werners- 
ville, but all over the United States is known 
as the proprietor and manager of the Grand 
View Sanatorium, situated at South Moun- 
tain, two miles south of Wernersville, one 
of the leading resorts of the United States. 
For thirty-five years Dr. Wenrich has been 
connected with this institution, which for 
thirty years prior to 1879 had been con- 
ducted by other parties under the name 
of Mountain Home. As the demands of 
his own institution made increased demands 
upon his time he gradually withdrew from 
other activity, and for many years he has 
given the Grand View Sanatorium the full 
benefit of his skill, knowledge and experi- 
ence. 

Dr. Wenrich is a descendant of an old 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, family, long 
settled in Heidelberg township, three gen- 
erations of his ancestors, Matthias (i), 
Matthias (2) and Matthias (3), the latter 
his grandfather, having owned and culti- 
vated the farm in Heidelberg that from 
1739 until 1889 was continuously in the 
family name. Adam Wenrich, father of 
Dr. Wenrich, was a farmer of Heidelberg 
township. He married Eliza Klopp. He 
died in 1851, aged forty-seven years; his 
wife in 1877, aged sixty-eight years. 

Dr. Reuben D. Wenrich, the youngest 
son and fourth of the children of Adam and 
Eliza (Klopp) Wenrich, was born in Lower 
Heidelberg township, Berks county, Penn- 
sylvania, May 15, 1842. He attended public 
schools until fourteen years of age, then 
continued his studies in advanced institu- 
tions of learning located in Womelsdorf, 
Stouchsburg, Pughtown, Trappe and 
Millersville. In 1861 he completed a full 
927 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



course in Duff's Commercial College at 
Philadelphia. During the winter months 
from 1858 to 1862 he taught in the public 
schools, but he had resolved upon the pro- 
fession of medicine as his life work. In the 
spring of 1862 he became a medical student 
under the direction of Dr. D. D. Detweiler, 
of Trappe, spent the summer in the latter's 
office, and the following summer studied 
under Dr. William J. Shoener, at Strauss- 
town, Berks county, Pennsylvania. During 
the winter months he attended lectures at 
the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, and in 1864 was graduated 
from that time honored institution with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

Dr. Wenrich established in practice in 
Wernersville, Pennsylvania, the year of his 
graduation, and for ten successive year; 
carried on his large practice alone. He 
then entered into partnership with Dr. James 
W. Deppen, of Wernersville, a physician of 
experience and skill. The partners, in addi- 
tion to their medical practice, conducted a 
general store and dealt in lumber, coal and 
lime, continuing until 1879 in their dual 
capacity as physicians and merchants. 

In 1879 they purchased the Mountain 
Home, a well-known health institution 
located two miles from Wernersville on 
South mountain. They at once assumed 
charge of the home and as its popularity 
increased they gradually withdrew from 
business in Wernersville. They jointly 
managed the home until Dr. Deppen's death 
in 1895, that event terminating a pleasant 
association of over twenty years. On the 
settlement of Dr. Deppen's estate Dr. Wen- 
rich became sole owner of the institution, 
now known as Grand View Sanatorium, 
having been changed on Dr. Deppen's death. 
He has added largely to the grounds by 
purchase until the estate now comprises six 
hundred acres of farm and wood lands. 
Costly and permanent improvements have 
been made to the Sanatorium, which with 
its commodious appointments, electric light 
and steam heating plant, is recognized as 



one of the most desirable of health resorts. 
The natural advantages of the site are many; 
pure air and water, with the magnificent 
view of the Lebanon and Lancaster valleys, 
form a chain of advantages unsurpassed 
anywhere. The excellent management of 
the Sanatorium and its high reputation as a 
health resort attracts from all over the 
United States a large patronage of people 
of the better class. While for many years 
Dr. Wenrich has given the Sanatorium his 
undivided attention he encouraged the estab- 
lishment of the Wernersville National Bank, 
and since its foundation in April, 1906, has 
served as one of the directors. 

Dr. Wenrich married, in 1865. Sarah, 
daughter of Moses Gockley, of Werners- 
ville. Children: i. Dr. George G., a gradu- 
ate of the University of Pennsylvania, med- 
ical department, now a member of the med- 
ical staff of Grand View Sanatorium; mar- 
ried Anna May Coar. 2. Dr. John A., a 
graduate of the State University, medical 
department, now associated with his father 
and brother on the staff of the Grand View 
Sanatorium ; married Grace Alvana Gaddes. 
3. Eva A., married Alvin J. Gibbs, of Can- 
ton, Ohio. Mrs. Sarah (Gockley) Wen- 
rich, died in 1896, aged forty-eight years. 
She was a great-granddaughter of John 
Gockley, who settled in Cocalico township, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, prior to 
1790. 



ROTHERMEL, Amor Cornelius, 

Prominent Educator. 

Professor A. C. Rothermel, principal of 
the Keystone State Normal School, having 
served in that capacity since 1899, a period 
of fifteen years, is a native of the Keystone 
State, born at Moselem, Berks county, Jan- 
uary 6, 1864, son of Lewis W. and Lydia 
R. Rothermel, natives of Berks county, 
Pennsylvania. 

His preliminary educational training was 
obtained in a private school, which he at- 
tended for eight years. He then entered 
28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Keystone State Normal School at Kutz- 
town, pursued a four years' course and 
graduated from that institution in 1886. He 
then accepted the principalship of the Pleas- 
ant Valley Academy in Monroe county, 
Pennsylvania, remaining for a term of one 
year, after which he became a student in 
Franklin and Marshall College, from which 
he graduated in the class of 1891. In the 
same year he became a teacher of Natural 
Science in the Keystone State Normal 
School at Kutztown, and two years later 
was elected vice-principal, serving in that 
capacity until 1899, when he was appointed 
principal of the State Normal School, a 
brief history of which follow. Professor 
Rothermel keeps abreast of the times in all 
matters pertaining to his calling, and while 
devoting his best energies to his work he 
is still a student and is well versed in topics 
of general interest, but especially in the line 
which will aid him most in his chosen field 
of labor. He is progressive without being 
radical, and is not dependent on old 
methods of instruction nor too forward in 
the adoption of new ones. Yet his keen 
judgment, fine sense of practicability and 
skill in adaptation have made his school 
noted, the imprint of his personality being 
keenly felt. Few have the faculty to secure 
and maintain to a greater degree that har- 
mony between principal, teachers, pupils 
and patrons which is such a potent factor 
in the success of any school. In 1906 he 
received the degree of Doctor of Pedagogy 
from Dickson College, and in 19 10 the de- 
gree of Doctor of Literature from Frank- 
lin and Marshall College. He affiliates with 
the German Reformed Church, and is 
vitally interested in the work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He is a mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 377, Free and Accepted 
Masons. 

Professor Rothermel married, June 30, 
1894, Ada L. Spatz, of Reading, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of John and Kathcrine 
(Moyer) Spatz. They have an adopted 



child, Ruth Mary, born at Reading, Penn- 
sylvania, May 9, 1896. 

The following is a report of the super- 
intendent of public instruction, 1900: 

The Keystone State Normal School build- 
ings are beautifully located on high ground 
in Ma.xatawny township, in the suburbs of 
the thriving borough of Kutztown, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, midway between the 
cities of Allentown and Reading. This nor- 
mal school is the outgrowth of Fairview 
Seminary and of a still earlier school known 
as FrankHn Academy, which was founded 
at Kutztown in 1836. The number of stu- 
dents was limited to thirty-three, and no 
pupils were received for a less time than 
six months, for which period the tuition fee 
was ten dollars. To bring the academy 
under the provisions of a State law then 
existing, giving an annual appropriation to 
an academy enrolling twenty-five pupils, the 
institution was incorporated in 1838, with 
Daniel B. Kutz, Daniel Bieber, Colonel John 
Wanner, David Kutz, Dr. C. L. Schleman, 
David Deisher and Henry Heffner, as its 
first board of trustees. Hon. Alexander 
Ramsey, later of Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
was one of its earliest instructors. 

In i860 Fairview Seminary was estab- 
lisheil mainly through the efforts of Rev. J. 
Sassaman Herman, a clergyman of the Re- 
formed church. The Franklin .Academy 
had been closed for some years. The first 
and principal teacher of the Fairview Semi- 
nary was Professor H. R. Nicks. The 
seminary opened with five pupils, Miss 
Clara Wanner, Mr. O. C. Herman, Mr. 
Erastus Bast. Mr. Jefferson C. Hoch and 
Mr. N. C. Schaeffer, the latter named the 
honored and eminent superintendent of pub- 
lic instruction of the State of Pennsylvania. 
In 1 86 1 forty-five students were enrolled. 
In 1863 there were at one time eighty-five 
pupils in attendance, a fair proportion of 
them being boarding students. The home of 
the school at this time was the building 
occupied in 1900 by Colonel T. F. Fister, 
and known familiarly as Fairview Mansion. 
The school continued to grow until 1866, 
when it was merged into the Keystone State 
Normal School. 

Professor Nicks was one of the main 
workers in the establishment of the normal, 
doing much of the rough pioneer work 
which led to the establishment of what was 
destined to become one of the leading 



929 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



schools of the State. In 1863 five acres of 
land were purchased and on this plot of 
ground a building was erected at a cost of 
?6,500. For several years this school was 
known as Maxatawny Seminary. Professor 
Nicks was principal, Professor Samuel 
Transcau, now of Williamsport, acted as 
assistant principal, and in 1S65 Professor 
J. S. Ermentrout became associated with 
the school. In March, 1865,, the Philo- 
mathean Literary Society was organized, 
and in September of the same year its rival, 
the Keystone Literary Society, then known 
as the Kalliothymean, sprang into existence. 

The cornerstone of the Keystone State 
Normal School was laid, with appropriate 
exercises, on September 17, 1865. Not 
quite a year later, September 13, 1866, the 
complete buildmg was dedicated. As Pro- 
fessor Ermentrout said : "With the cele- 
bration of appropriate religious and literary 
exercises, to the honor of Almighty God, to 
the service of a sound Christian morality, 
and to the educational interests of the State 
of Pennsylvania." Besides Professors 
Ermentrout and Nicks the good people of 
this section of the country, especially the 
Hottensteins, the Biebers, Dr. Gerasch, 
Solomon Christ, David Schaeffer, and 
others, were greatly interested in the estab- 
lishment of the normal. 

For some years before the school became 
a normal school leading men of the district, 
notably Rev. B. E. Kramlich, afterwards 
for many years the efficient president of the 
board of trustees of the normal school, Hon. 
H. H. Swartz, then county superintendent 
of schools of Lehigh county, and later also 
trustee of the normal, and others, advocated 
the conversion of the seminary into a State 
Normal School for the Third District, con- 
sisting of the three counties of Berks, Le- 
high and Schuylkill. 

The first principal of the school as organ- 
ized under the State Normal School law 
was Professor John S. Ermentrout. He 
served in this capacity from 1866 to 1871. 
His successors to date (1900) have been: 
Rev. A. A. Home, D. D.. 1871-77; Rev. 
Nathan C. Schaefifer, Ph. D., D. D., 1877- 
93; Rev. George B. Hancher, Ph., D., 1893- 
99: Professor A. C. Rothermel, 1899-1914. 

The material growth of the school has 
been continuous, phenomenal and substan- 
tial. For twenty years building operations 
have been almost uninterrupted. The earlier 
accommodations were soon outgrown and 



now, with the acception of a single three- 
story brick building known as the "stewards' 
building," not a single one of the first struc- 
tures is standing. In 1880 the "Ladies' 
Building" was erected; in 1887 the "Chapel 
Building" was added; 1S91 saw the addi- 
tion of the extensive northern wing or boys' 
dormitories; in 1893 the old "main build- 
ing" was supplanted by the magnificent 
$75,000 "Center Building"; in 1896 came a 
splendidly appointed kitchen and laundry; 
in 1898 the electric light plant was estab- 
lished, and now (1900) while this is being 
written the sound of hammer and saw are 
plainly heard as the workmen are busily 
preparing timbers for the roof of the 
superbly appointed "Model School and 
Gymnasium Building," which is in process 
of erection and which the school will occupy 
in the first year of the new century. 

The buildings of this normal are in some 
respect unique; all of the structures are 
practically under one roof, the separate edi- 
fices being connected by covered bridges 
built on steel beams, thus affording protec- 
tion to the students in inclement weather as 
they pass from their dormitories to the vari- 
ous recitation or assembly rooms. The 
rooms, both those used as dormitories and 
those utilized for recitations are large, airy, 
well lighted and well heated. The full 
amount of space to each student required 
by sanitary ideals are here most fully pro- 
vided. A passenger elevator, operated by 
steam and water power, conveys pupils to 
the various floors whither their duties call 
them. 

The equipment of the school is select and 
extensive, additional outlay being made for 
this each year by a progressive and zealous 
board of trustees. There are three libraries, 
each containing some thousands of volumes; 
one of these is the general reference library, 
the others are the property of the two flour- 
ishing literary societies. To each of these 
libraries constant additions are being made. 
The apparatus for the physical, chemical 
and biological departments is full and when 
the new laboratories are completed the 
school, in this matter, will rank second to 
none of its class. 

Under the direction of Dr. N. C. Schaef- 
fer, who was a member of the Pennsylvania 
industrial commission, the manual training 
department was established in 1891. P'rom 
that time to the present (1900) manual 
training has been maintained regularly, the 



930 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



instruction being given on pedagogical lines, 
the course being at the same time eminently 
practical and obtaining marked recognition 
in the reports of the United States Com- 
mission of Education. During the current 
year it is pioposed to add, in this depart- 
ment, plain sewing for the female pupils ; 
clay modeling and mechanical drawmg as 
portions of the course in manual training 
are in successful practice under the direc- 
tion of the instructor in drawing and the 
fine arts. In fine arts, drawing, painting 
and crayoning are thoroughly taught to 
pupils requiring or electing these branches. 

Although intellectual ability must be 
ranked as of greater worth than mere phy- 
sical prowess, nevertheless this school recog- 
nizes the value of a sound physical basis for 
mental capacity, consequently the physical 
nature of the pupils is not neglected. For 
some years a well equipped gymnasium has 
been in use in temporary quarters. On the 
completion of the new building it will be 
installed in more suitable and commodious 
quarters. On recently acquired land tennis 
courts and a capacious football field have 
been laid out on which, as on the baseball 
diamond on the old campus, the Athletic 
Association holds its contests and students 
generally find relief from tedium of study in 
physical e.xercise and manly games. 

Years ago the Keystone State Normal 
School set for one of its aims that of train- 
ing students to think and to think exactly, 
freely and independently. To this aim the 
school adheres and the faculty do all in 
their power to develop in the students the 
two things of most and lasting benefit to 
themselves, namely, character and capacity. 
This aim it is believed is largely realized. 

The value of the buildings, grounds, and 
equipment are estimated at $8oo,ooo. The 
significance of the work done for our State 
and county in these years of the existence 
of the school cannot be estimated. One 
prominent instrumentality in furthering the 
work of the school is the quarterly maga- 
zine, the "Normal Vidette," published under 
the auspices of the faculty and trustees. 
This is a well printed, illustrated school 
journal, averaging fifty pages to the issue. 
The first number was issued in March, 
1894. Its present managing editor is Pro- 
fessor L. B. Sinnette, to whom much of its 
present success is due. 

During recent years the faculty has been 
considerably augmented in numbers and 



it is the effort of the institution to keep 
abreast of the age in every respect. The 
growth in attendance of pupils and in the 
number of graduates is gratifying, placing, 
as it does, this normal school in tiie front 
rank of normal schools of our country. 



HILLMAN, John Hartwell, 

Man of Affairs, Financier. 

The Iron City ! The name tells of a 
titanic industry developed and conducted by 
men strong of heart and brain — men of the 
type of the late John Hartwell Hillman, 
founder and for many years head of the 
firm of J. H. Hillman & Sons, iron brokers, 
and a pioneer in the coke manufacture of 
Western Pennsylvania. Mr. Hillman be- 
longed to a race of ironmasters, the Hillman 
family being prominent in six of the United 
States in ironmaking, viz. : New Jersey, 
Alabama, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio 
and Tennessee. 

(I) The first account that is mentioned 
of a Hillman in West Jersey is in 1697, 
when John Hillman, a husbandman, pur- 
chased a plantation of Francis i^ollins. This 
contained one hundred and seventy acres 
of land and was situated in Gloucester (now 
Center) township, Camden county, New 
New Jersey. This farm lay on both sides 
of the present road from Haddonrield to 
Snow Hill. In 1720, by deed of gift, he 
conveyed the tract of land to his son John 
(who was married in this year), anticipat- 
ing his will in that particular. At his death, 
about 1729, his personal property amounted 
to one hundred and ninety-two pounds. His 
wife Margaret survived him. Their chil- 
dren : Daniel, see below ; John ; Ann, and 
Abigail. 

(II) Daniel, son of John and Margaret 
Hillman, was born, it is believed, before his 
parents came to New Jersey. He settled 
on a tract of one hundred acres given to 
him by his father in his will, which was 
purchased in 1701, of William Sharp. Here 
he erected a house and cleared the farm. 
This was situated in what was then Glou- 



931 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cester township (now Center). He died 
during 1754 and in his will, dated October 
17, 1754, leaves legacies to his wife Eliza- 
beth, and to his sons who were as follows: 
John ; Daniel, see below ; Joseph, and James. 

(HI) Daniel, son of Daniel and Eliza- 
beth Hillman, is supposed to have been born 
about 1720. On November 9, 1743. the 
monthly meeting book of the Society of 
Friends of Haddontield, New Jersey, had 
the record of Daniel Hillman jr. and Abi- 
gail Nicholson (see Nicholson line) appear- 
ing and declaring their intention of marry- 
ing. Consent was given December 13, 1743, 
and on January 12, 1744, it was recorded 
that it had been accomplished. On Octo- 
ber 17, 1754, he, with his brother John, 
bought of Timothy Matlock a lot on the 
northwest side of the Main street, in Had- 
donfield, where the Methodist church now 
stands. Sold part of same to John Shivers, 
May IS, 1758. He died about 1763. Chil- 
dren of Daniel and Abigail (Nicholson) 
Hillman: Daniel, Sarah, Elizabeth, Samuel 
(see forward). 

(IV) Samuel Hillman, son of Daniel and 
Abigail (Nicholson) Hillman, the great- 
grandfather of John Hartwell Hillman, was 
of Trenton, New Jersey, and is known in 
history as the "fighting Quaker," having, in 
defiance of the peace principles of the Soci- 
ety of Friends, enlisted in the Continental 
army. In consequence he was dismissed 
from the Trenton meeting. He was under 
age when his father died, and the exact date 
of his birth is not known. The records of 
the Adjutant General's office. State of New 
Jersey, show that he was enrolled as a pri- 
vate in Captain Richard Chesseman's com- 
pany of light horse, attached to the First 
Battalion Gloucester county. New Jersey, 
militia ; also private in Captain John Stokes' 
company of the Second Battalion, Glouces- 
ter county. New Jersey, militia ; also pri- 
vate in Captain Franklin Davenport's com- 
pany of artillery attached to General Silas 
Newcomb's brigade of New Jersey militia ; 
also private of Captain Thomas Hugg's 



western company of artillery, New Jersey 
State Troops, during the Revolutionary 
War. He married Mary Hannold, about 
1782. Their children were: Daniel (see 
below), James, George, Abigail, Maria, and 
Sarah. He was an iron manufacturer and 
in casting in his lot with the patriots aban- 
doned not only his creed but his means of 
livelihood. His ardor stood the test, carry- 
ing him triumphantly through the seven 
years' struggle for independence. 

(V) Daniel, son of Samuel and Mary 
(Hannold) Hillman, was in partnership 
with his brother James in the iron business 
at Trenton, New Jersey. He afterward 
went to Kentucky, about 1820, and engaged 
in the iron business. He built the first forge 
in Tuskaloosa county, Alabama, in 1829, 
and another in 1830 at Tannehill. Shortly 
after coming west he became associated 
with a number of men, among them Ralph 
McGehee and Richard B. Walker, who were 
impressed with the immense deposits of 
brown hematite ore in Roupes Valley, Ala- 
bama, and they decided to try the experi- 
ment of making iron on a cheap scale for 
the Jefferson county settlers, the nearest 
market for bar iron being then at Tuska- 
loosa. With the assistance of Mr. Hillman 
the company erected a little furnace on a 
bold little stream which runs across Roupes 
Valley and flows into Shade's creek. Here 
a large hammer, propelled by water, ham- 
mered out the best kind of tough metal and 
supplied the counties for some distance 
around with plows, horseshoes and hollow 
ware. He married Grace Huston, and their 
children were: Daniel (see below). George, 
Grace, Charles, James. He died in the State 
of Alabama in 1832. 

(VI) Daniel, son of Daniel and Grace 
(Huston) Hillman, was born near Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, 1807. He became exten- 
sively associated with the manufacture of 
charcoal, pig iron and boiler plates in Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. He prospected through 
Jones Valley, Alabama, shortly after the 
Civil War, and purchased the ore properties 

932 




r i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on Red mountain, known to-day as the 
Songo Mines, which are operated by the 
Birmingham Coal and Iron Company. He 
was the founder of the great "Hillman Iron 
Works." His sons followed their hereditary 
calling — one of them, John Hartwell, is 
mentioned below. The other, T. T. Hill- 
man, became president of the Tennessee 
Coal and Iron Company. The wife of Daniel 
Hillman was Ann, daughter of Dr. Jolin 
Hartwell and Ann (Watson) Marable, of 
an old Virginia family. 

(VII) John Hartwell, son of Daniel and 
Ann (Marable) Hillman, was born Septem- 
ber 27, 1841, in Montgomery county, Ten- 
nessee, and received his education in schools 
of the neighborhood and at Nashville Mili- 
tary Academy, now Nashville University. 
Upon reaching manhood he followed in the 
footsteps of his ancestors, choosing to de- 
vote himself to the iron business. In asso- 
ciation with his father and brother he 
formed the firm of Daniel Hillman & Sons, 
a flourishing concern which for many years 
operated furnaces and rolling mills in Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. During the Civil 
War he manufactured charcoal iron for 
cannon and cannon balls. He was on the 
Confederate side, and fought under General 
Forrest, although his father was a Union 
man. After his father's death he continued 
in the manufacture of charcoal iron and 
boiler plate until the advent of steel boiler 
plate. In the South in the old days it was 
his custom to trade with the Pittsburgh 
machinery manufacturers, and the ex- 
changes then were made by water, the ma- 
chinery being sent South by boat, on the 
rises, to the furnaces and rolling mills 
located on the Cumberland river, and pay- 
ment being made in pig iron. These ex- 
changes took place in the days when ma- 
chinery was worth eight cents to twelve 
cents a pound, and the pig iron from $50 to 
$65 a ton. 

Mr. Hillman moved to Pittsburgh in 1886 
and started the brokerage firm of J. H. Hill- 
man & Company, which later became J. H. 



Hillman & Sons, a corporation which holds 
to-day a position of proud preeminence in 
the sphere not only of iron manufacture 
but of the coal and coke business. Mr. 
Hillman became one of the pioneers in the 
manufacture of coke, being the first to bring 
Southern coke pig iron into Pittsburgh, 
shipment being made by river on coal barges 
returning from Southern trade. This was 
about 1888. About 1893 lie became inter- 
ested in Connellsville coking coal and was 
active in the opening up of the lower Con- 
nellsville or Klondike district, in which by 
far the greater percentage of Connellsville 
coke is manufactured to-day. He later be- 
came interested in the manufacture of the 
coke himself and continued in this business 
up to the time of his death. His accurate 
estimate of men enabled him to surround 
himself with assistants who seldom failed 
to meet his expectations and his clear and 
far-seeing mind grasped every detail of a 
project, however great its magnitude. In 
July, 1913, the J. H. Hillman & Sons Com- 
pany purchased a controlling interest m the 
Bessemer Coke Company, which owns ap- 
proximately two thousand three hundred 
acres of coking coal in the Connellsville and 
Klondike regions. J. H. Hillman Jr., of 
the firm of J. H. Hillman & Sons, is now 
president of the company. With the acquisi- 
tion of these lands the purchasers have be- 
come the largest shippers of coke in the 
United States. Their total output, includ- 
ing the new acquisition, will be 3,500,000 
tons of coke annually, and a large quantity 
of bituminous coal which will be shipped 
to all parts of the United States and Mex- 
ico. Truly, John Hartwell Hillman's works 
follow him, and he has left successors more 
than able to continue them. 

In everything pertaining to the welfare 
of Pittsburgh, Mr. Hillman ever manifested 
a keen and helpful interest. A Republican 
in politics, he always steadily refused to be- 
come a candidate for office, but gave the 
loyal support of a good citizen to all meas- 
ures which he deemed calculated to con- 



933 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



serve the cause of good government. A lib- 
eral giver to charity, he ever sought, in the 
bestowal of his benefactions, to avoid the 
public gaze. He was a member of the Sons 
of the American Revolution, the Duquesne 
Club, and a number of other societies and 
clubs in the Pittsburgh district. The per- 
sonality of Mr. Hillman carried with it an 
atmosphere of energy, alertness and calm 
and forceful confidence. Fine looking and 
dignified, his resolute face lighted by keen 
but kindly eyes, his whole aspect and bear- 
ing were those of a man accustomed to be 
deferred to. Possessing generous impulses 
and a chivalrous sense of honor, it could be 
truly said of him, as it often was, "His word 
is as good as his bond." Richly endowed 
with those personal qualities which win and 
hold friends, he was genial, courteous and 
kindly in manner and speech, a gentleman 
in every sense of the word. 

Mr. Hillman married, June 2, 1869, Sallie 
Murfree Frazer, whose ancestral record is 
appended to this sketch, and the following 
children were born to them: John H. ; 
Ernest ; James F. ; Harry ; Elizabeth, de- 
ceased ; Mary, deceased ; and Sara F. John 
H. Hillman, already mentioned as of the 
firm of J. H. Hillman & Sons, and presi- 
dent of the Bessemer Coke Company, is 
also president and director of the United 
Connellsville Coke Company and a director 
of the Connellsville Central Coke Company. 
Ernest Hillman is also of the firm of J. H. 
Hillman & Sons, and a director of the 
United Connellsville Coke Company. James 
F. Hillman, like his brother, belongs to the 
firm of J. H. Hillman & Sons. All the sons, 
as their records testify, have inherited a 
large measure of their father's business abil- 
ity. Miss Sara Hillman contributes to news- 
papers and periodicals, articles of historic 
value. 

A woman of much individuality and dis- 
tinction and possessing what is rare among 
her sex, namely, business acumen of a high 
order, Mrs. Hillman is also invested with 
the charm of domesticity, and this combina- 



tion of traits fitted her in an exceptional 
manner to be the true and sympathizing 
helpmate of a man like her husband. De- 
votion to the ties of family and friendship 
was the ruling motive of Mr. Hillman's 
life and never was he so happy as at his own 
fireside, surrounded by the members of the 
household and by those who were admitted 
to the circle of his intimacy. Mrs. Hillman 
is a member of the Pittsburgh Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolution; 
Dolly Madison Chapter, United States 
Daughters War of 1812; and the Society 
of Colonial Dames of America. Mrs. Hill- 
man founded in 191 3, in memory of her 
daughter, the Elizabeth Hillman Memorial 
Scholarship in Maryville College, Mary- 
ville, Tennessee. It was given through the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, 
Pittsburgh Chapter, of which Elizabeth Hill- 
man was a member. The scholarship is in 
perpetuity for mountain girls who are to 
be educated in the college. Mrs. Hillman 
also founded, in memory of her daughter 
Mary, the Mary G. Hillman Memorial 
Scholarship in the Hindman Women's 
Christian Temperance Union School, Hind- 
man, Kentucky. This scholarship was 
founded and given through the Dolly Madi- 
son Chapter, United States Daughters of 
War of 1812. It is held in perpetuity for 
the education of mountain girls. 

The death of Mr. Hillman, which occur- 
red October 10, 191 1, removed from Pitts- 
burgh a man whose business capacity was of 
the highest order, a citizen of active patriot- 
ism and a man of refined tastes and benevo- 
lent disposition — one who, in every relation 
of life, had never wavered in his loyalty to 
the loftiest principles. 

The history of the Hillman family is the 
history of one of the dynasties of the iron 
world — a dynasty which, for a century and 
a half, has helped to build up the domina- 
tion of a mighty industry. First, in the old 
colonial province of New Jersey ; next, in 
the far Southern climate and environment 
of Alabama; then, strong and powerful, 



934 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



building and operating in Kentucky and 
Tennessee a great factory known far and 
wide as "Hillman's." The scene changes 
to Pennsylvania, greatest of Iron States, 
and to Pittsburgh, the supreme Iron City, 
and there we see John Hartwell Hillman 
founding and building up a house which 
maintains the ancient prestige of the family 
name and imparts to it additional lustre. 
Both as manufacturer and citizen Pitts- 
burgh remembers him with gratitude and 
pride. His sons, to-day, stand in the front 
rank of the city's business men, ably uphold- 
ing the Hillman tradition, "Success with 
Honor." 

(The Nicholson Line). 

Samuel and wife Ann, from Wiston, in 
Nottinghamshire, England, left in the ship 
"Griffith," of London, and arrived in the 
Delaware river on September 23, 1675. 
They ended their voyage at Eltinburg, 
Salem, in the same company that came over 
with John Fenwick. Immediately after, or 
perhaps before they landed, the agreement 
between the patroon and the planters was 
drawn up and signed by each of them. This 
document is dated June 28, 1675. Previous 
to his sailing, Samuel had purchased two 
thousand acres, and next after the patroon 
was perhaps the wealthiest man in the 
colony. On March 3, 1676, he signed as 
one of the proprietors, freeholders and in- 
habitants of said province of West New 
Jersey. In 1681 he and his wife conveyed 
to the trustees of Salem meeting his sixteen 
acre lot in Salem, with the house thereon 
for meeting purposes. In 1676, as a free- 
holder and proprietor, he agreed to the char- 
ter for the government of the colony, and 
served as the first justice of the peace in 
the Fenwick colony. He did not remain in 
Salem many years, but removed to a planta- 
tion which he owned upon Alloway's creek, 
on Monmouth river, as it was then called, 
where he died in 1685, intestate. Ann, his 
wife, died in 1694. Their children were as 
follows: Parabol, born February 7, 1659; 
Elizabeth, born March 22, 1664; Samuel, 



born August 30, 1666; Joseph (see for- 
ward) ; Abel, born May 2, 1672. 

(II) Joseph, son of Samuel and Ann 
Nicholson, was born in England, February, 
1669, and married Hannah, daughter of 
Henry Wood, at her house, under care of 
meeting, in 1695; he died in 1702; in the 
year 1695 he removed from Salem county 
to a tract of land on the north side of 
Cooper's creek, upon the death of Samuel, 
his brother, who by will gave him his entire 
estate. Child: Samuel (see below). 

(III) Samuel, son of Joseph and Han- 
nah (Wood) Nicholson, was born between 
1696 and 1702, and married (first) Sarah 
Burrough, in 1722; married (second) Re- 
becca Saint, in 1744; married (third) Jane 
Albertson, widow of William, and daugh/- 
ter of John Engle, in 1749. Samuel Nichol- 
son died in 1750, leaving the following chil- 
dren by his first wife: Joseph, Abel, Abi- 
gail (see below), Hannah, Samuel, Sarah. 

(IV) Abigail, daughter of Samuel and 
Sarah (Burrough) Nicholson, married, 
about March, 1743 or 1744, Daniel, son of 
Daniel and Elizabeth Hillman. 

(The Frazer Line). 

The Frazer family was of Scottish origin, 
and at some period during the eighteenth 
century a branch was transplanted to Ten- 
nessee, where the race maintained the dis- 
tinction with which it had been invested in 
the Old World. 

(I) Dr. James Frazer was born in Bed- 
ford county, Tennessee, and married, in 
1818, Hannah, daughter of Jeremiah and 
Martha (Hill) Brown (see Hill line). 
Their son, Henry S., is mentioned below. 
Dr. Frazer died in 1832, in Wilson county, 
Tennessee, and his widow survived him 
more than half a century, passing away in 
1885, in Lebanon, Tennessee. 

(II) Henry S., son of James and Han- 
nah (Brown) Frazer, was born March 19, 
1820, in Lebanon, Tennessee, and was a 
well known lawyer and cotton planter. He 
employed on his large estates in Tennessee 
and Mississippi many slaves, none of whom 



935 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were ever sold. To the very last he was 
opposed to the Civil War, but, like many 
others, "went with his State." He married, 
November 2, 1848, Elizabeth Maney Mur- 
free (see Murfree line), and their children 
were: Sallie Murfree, mentioned below, 
and James S., who was born October 7, 
1852, and was a prominent lawyer of Nash- 
ville, partner of Jacob M. Dickinson, Secre- 
tary of War in the cabinet of President 
Taft. Mr. Frazer died in 1891. The father, 
Henry S. Frazer, passed away July i, 1874, 
in Nashville. He was an earnest member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, 
and a true Christian gentleman. His widow, 
a devoted member of the same church, is 
still living at a very advanced age. 

(Ill) Sallie Murfree, daughter of Henry 
S. and Elizabeth Maney (Murfree) Frazer, 
was born November 16, 1849, '™ Lebanon, 
Tennessee, and became the wife of John 
Hartwell Hillman, as stated above. 

(The HiU Line). 

(I) WiUiam Hill, the first ancestor of 
record, was born in Virginia, and married 
Grace Bennett, a native of North Carolina, 
where they seem to have subsequently re- 
sided. Their son. Green, is mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) Green, son of William and Grace 
(Bennett) Hill, was born November 3, 
1741, in Bute county ("the county without 
a Tory"), North Carolina, and was a mem- 
ber of the Provincial Assembly which met 
at New Berne, North Carolina, August 25, 
1774. He also sat in the Provincial Con- 
gress which met April 3, 1775, at New 
Berne, August 21, 1775, at Hillsboro, and 
April 4, 1776, at Halifax. In these four 
assemblies he represented Bute county. At 
the last Congress, measures were taken to 
resist the royal government, troops were 
raised and officers appointed. Mr. Hill was 
appointed second major of the Third North 
Carolina Regiment, and promoted to a 
colonelcy. Under the new government 
Colonel Hill was assigned to the important 
duty of issuing script or currency, as ap- 



pears by the following note, which is still 
preserved in the family : 

North Carolina Currency 

No. Six Dollars 

By Authority of Congress 

at Halifax, April 2, 1776 

G. Hill. 

At what time Colonel Hill joined the 
Methodist Episcopal church does not ap- 
pear, but on January 21, 1792, he was or- 
dained deacon by Bishop Asbury, and on 

October 4, , at Reese's Chapel, near 

Franklin, Tennessee, was made an elder by 
Bishop McKendree. Both parchments are 
preserved. Long ere this he was a preacher 
or exhorter, and it is recorded that as early 
as 1780 he visited the soldiers in camp and 
preached to them. Ten or twelve years after 
the Revolution he moved from North Caro- 
lina to Tennessee, settling in Williamson 
county, near Liberty Hill, then a place of con- 
siderable importance, having one of the first 
meeting houses erected by the Methodists in 
that portion of the State. He married Mar- 
tha Thomas and their daughter, Martha, is 
mentioned below. Colonel Hill continued 
in the ministry to the close of his life and 
in 1810 passed away at Liberty Hill. 

(III) Martha, daughter of Green and 
Martha (Thomas) Hill, was born in 1769, 
in Bute county. North Carolina, and be- 
came the wife of Jeremiah Brown, who was 
born in North Carolina and died in Ten- 
nessee. Martha (Hill) Brown died in 1862, 
in Wilson county, Tennessee, having reached 
the venerable age of ninety-three. 

(IV) Hannah, daughter of Jeremiah and 
Martha (Hill) Brown, was born in 1802, 
in Tennessee, and became the wife of Dr. 
James Frazer (see Frazer line). 

(The Murfree Line). 

(I) William Murfree, founder of the 
family in North Carolina, was born in 1730, 
and was a descendant of English ancestors. 
On August 21, 1775, he represented Hert- 
ford county at the Hillsboro convention, 
and on November 12, 1776, was a delegate 



936 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to the Provincial Congress which met at 
Halifax and framed the constitution of 
North Carolina. It is claimed by competent 
authorities that Mr. Murfree's draft of the 
constitution was the one finally adopted. 
His entrance into public life was made dur- 
ing the colonial period when he represented 
Northampton county in the Colonial Assem- 
bly of 1758-59. In 1762, when Hertford 
county was formed from portions of three 
other counties, he was one of the two first 
members of the General Assembly from the 
new county. From 1766 to 1770 he served 
as the second colonial high sheriff of Hert- 
ford county. On January 6, 1787, the Gen- 
eral Assembly ratified "an act for establish- 
ing a town on the lands of William Mur- 
free on Aleherrin river in the county of 
Hertford * * * and the town shall be called 
Murfreesborough." Mr. Murfree donated 
a tract of ninety-seven acres for the town 
site, erecting thereon a stone house which is 
still standing. He married Mary Moore, of 
Northampton county. North Carolina, and 
their children were: Hardy, mentioned be- 
low ; James ; William ; Sarah ; Patty ; Betty, 
and Nancy. Mr. Murfree died during the 
War of the Revolution. He was a man of 
high character and much influence and 
proved himself a zealous patriot. 

(II) Hardy, son of William and Mary 
(Moore) Murfree, was born in 1752, in 
Hertford county, and entered the Conti- 
nental army as captain of the Second North 
Carolina Regiment, being subsequently pro- 
moted to the rank of major and later to that 
of colonel, for gallant service. He partici- 
pated in the battles of Brandywine, Mon- 
mouth, Stony Point, King's Mountain and 
others. At Stony Point he was chosen by 
General Wayne to lead the assault with his 
North Carolina patriots, and his heroic 
services on this occasion were most appre- 
ciatively mentioned in letters written by his 
commander. His native State presented 
him with a sword, which is preserved in the 
State Historical Society of Tennessee. He 
received also a large grant of land in that 



State, upon which was afterward built the 
town of Murfreesborough, now a thriving 
city. For ten years after the war he served 
as commissioner of confiscated property in 
the Edenton district, and in 1784 was ap- 
pointed one of the commissioners of Albe- 
marle Sound. In 1789 he was a member 
of the convention called to consider whether 
North Carolina would join the Union. In 
1790 he owned the largest number of slaves 
of any man in the county, employing them 
in subduing the forests, cultivating the soil 
and making tar, pitch and turpentine. In 
1807 he settled on the lands received from 
the government, at Murfree's Fork of West 
Harpeth river, near the town of Franklin, 
Tennessee. Colonel Murfree married, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1780, Sally Brickell (see Brickell 
line), and they were the parents of a son, 
William Hardy, mentioned below. In 1809 
Colonel Murfree died on his estate in Ten- 
nessee, where he was buried with the beauti- 
ful Masonic ritual, he having been a distin- 
guished member of the order. He is said to 
have been one of the handsomest men of his 
day and the last survivor who commanded a 
regiment in the Revolutionary war. 

(Ill) William Hardy, son of Hardy and 
Sally (Brickell) Murfree, was born Octo- 
ber 2, 1781, in Hertford county. North Car- 
olina, graduated at the State University, 
and studied law at Edenton. After obtain- 
ing his license he returned to his native 
town of Murfreesborough, North Carolina, 
and entered at once upon the practice of his 
profession. He soon rose into prominence 
and acquired great personal popularity. 
From 1S05 to 1812 he was county attorney 
of Hertford county. In 1805 he repre- 
sented the county in the House of Assem- 
bly, in 1812 was again a member of the 
House, and from 1813 to 1817 was a Con- 
gressional representative of tlie Edenton 
district. During his term he defended with 
ability President Madison's policy in the 
war with Great Britain. He declined a 
third election. In addition to his legal and 
political duties Mr. Murfree had the care 



937 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his vast estates, involving all the respon- 
sibilities of a wealthy Southern planter of a 
century ago, and in 1823 he removed to 
Tennessee to care for his large inherited 
interests in that State. Mr. Murfree mar- 
ried, February 17, 1808, Elizabeth Maney 
(see Maney line), and their children were: 
William L. ; Sally Brickell, married David 
Dickenson, for many years member of 
Congress from Tennessee ; and Elizabeth 
Maney, mentioned below. William L. Mur- 
free was a graduate of the University of 
Nashville, an able writer, a profound 
scholar and lawyer and the author of sev- 
eral standard legal works. His daughter, 
Mary Noailles Murfree, is the "Charles Eg- 
bert Craddock" of fiction. William Hardy 
Murfree died in Nashville, January 19, 
1827, surviving his wife but six months, she 
having passed away July 13, 1826, near 
Franklin, Tennessee. 

(IV) Elizabeth Maney, daughter of Wil- 
liam Hardy and EHzabeth (Maney) Mur- 
free, was born July 13, 1826, near Franklin, 
Tennessee, and became the wife of Henry 
S. Frazer (see Frazer line). 

(The Maney Line). 

Two brothers, Jacques and Jean Maney, 
lived at Meschers, a village on the Gironee, 
France, the latter being a sea captain and 
known as Captain Maney. They were 
Huguenots and fled to England, probably at 
the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 
1685. From England they came to Amer- 
ica, joining the Narragansett colony in 
Rhode Island in 1686. Jacques married 
Anne, daughter of Francois Vincent, both 
of them being members of the Huguenot 
church in New York in 1692. Jean mar- 
ried, prior to 1696, Jeanne, daughter of 
Jean Machet, and was a member of the 
same church. 

(II) James, son of Jacques and Anne 
(Vincent) Maney, went to Virginia and 
thence to North Carolina, settling, in 171 1, 
on the banks of the Chowan river, near the 
present Maney 's Ferry. He bought a large 
tract of land on the banks of the Chowan, 



the deeds being recorded in 1714, and he 
also established Maney's Ferry which is 
mentioned in colonial records as one of the 
king's places for landing his army stores. 
In 1744 James Maney was a major in His 
Majesty's militia of Northampton county 
and also a justice of the peace. He mar- 
ried his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Jean 
and Jeanne (Machet) Maney, and their son 
James is mentioned below. James Maney, 
the father, died in 1754. 

(III) James (2), son of James (i) and 
Elizabeth (Maney) Maney, married Sus- 
anna Ballard. 

(IV) James (3), son of James (2) and 
Susanna (Ballard) Maney, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of General Lawrence Baker, 
of Hertford county, North Carolina, and 
among their six children was James, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) James (4), son of James (3) and 
Elizabeth (Baker) Maney, married Mary 
Roberts, and among their five children was 
Elizabeth, mentioned below. 

(VI) Elizabeth, daughter of James (4) 
and Mary (Roberts) Maney, was born Oc- 
tober 28, 1787, and became the wife of Wil- 
liam Hardy Murfree (see Murfree line). 

(The Brickell Line). 

The Rev. Matthias Brickell, founder of 
the Brickell family of North Carolina, was 
born in England, and in 1724, in company 
with his brother, Dr. John Brickell, came to 
America on the same ship that brought the 
royal governor, Burrington. Mr. Brickell 
was the first resident preacher west of the 
Chowan river in North Carolina and entered 
upon his mission in 1730. His home was in 
Bertie county, and his death occurred in 
1758. 

(II) Matthew, son of Matthias Brickell, 
was born March 23, 1725, and was liberally 
educated. From 1762 to 1766 he served as 
the first high sheriff of Hertford county, 
and on August 21, 1775, he was a delegate 
to the Hillsboro convention, also sitting in 
the Halifax convention of April 4, 1776. 
By the latter body he was appointed lieu- 



938 





;„u.-5£vS-mr— '/W - 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tenant-colonel of the North CaroHna Con- 
tinentals. In 1778 he was appointed by the 
General Assembly a justice of the peace for 
Hertford county, and after the close of the 
Revolutionary War was chairman of the 
old county court. Colonel Brickel! married, 
November 6, 1748, Rachel de Noailles, who 
was born January 13, 1728, and belonged 
to a Huguenot family. Among the chil- 
dren of this marriage was Sally, mentioned 
below. Mrs. Brickell died February 17, 
1770, and the death of Colonel Brickell oc- 
curred October 17, 1788. 

(Ill) Sally, daughter of Matthew and 
Rachel (de Noailles) Brickell, was born 
July 29, 1757, became the wife of Colonel 
Hardy Murfree (see Murfree line) and 
died in 1802. 

Mrs. Sallie Murfree (Frazer) Hillman 
obtains membership in the Colonial Dames 
of America through her great-grandfathers, 
William Murfree, and the Rev. Colonel 
Green Hill ; in the Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution through her great-grand- 
father. Colonel Hardy Murfree, the hero of 
Stony Point, where he led one of the assault- 
ing parties; in the Daughters of 1812 
through her grandfather. Dr. James Frazer, 
a surgeon with General Jackson, at New 
Orleans. She is eligible to the Huguenot 
Society of America through her maternal 
ancestor, Jacques Maney, a Huguenot 
refugee from Meschers, France, and through 
her great-grandmother, Rachel de Noailles, 
a member of a Huguenot family and wife 
of Colonel Matthew Brickell. 



UPTEGRAFF, Walter D., 

Westinghonse Interests OfiScial. 

The Westinghouse interests are synony- 
mous with the growth of Pittsburgh and 
conspicuous among the men who have had 
a large share in building up this magnificent 
assemblasre of organizations is Walter D. 
UptegrafT, vice-president and director of 
the Union Switch and Signal Company, and 
officially connected with a number of the 



other world-famous concerns associated 
with the name of Westinghouse. Mr. Upte- 
graff has been thus far a lifelong resident 
of Pittsburgh, and is a forceful factor in 
everything pertaining to her best interests. 

Walter D. UptegrafT was born February 
18, 1865, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of 
Abner and Julia (Bankerd) Uptegraff. 
Until his fifteenth year the boy attended the 
local schools of Allegheny, and on March 
I, 1880, obtained a position with the West- 
inghouse Air-brake Company, as assistant 
to Howard Sprague, then secretary of that 
corporation. Later Mr. Westinghouse made 
him his private secretary, thus placing him 
in charge of an immense correspondence. 
This fact in itself was sufficient to stamp 
him as endowed with unusual aptitude in 
grappling with details, and his already 
thorough equipment was rendered still more 
complete by a course of legal study. 

With the expansion of the responsibili- 
ties of the great founder of the Westing- 
house interests, the duties of his secretary 
grew in proportion, but he proved himself 
fully equal to them, endowed as he was with 
the astute brain of the business man and 
the judicial mind of the lawyer. In 1896 
Mr. Westinghouse conferred upon Mr. 
Uptegraff the supreme mark of confidence 
by giving him power of attorney to act for 
him in financial matters. When Mr. West- 
inghouse (whose biography, together with a 
steel engraved portrait, appears on another 
page of this work) passed away, it was 
found that he had appointed Mr. Uptegraff 
one of the three executors of his estate, thus 
giving another striking proof of apprecia- 
tion of the exceptional characteristics of his 
lieutenant. It has been said that nothing is 
more illuminating as to personality than the 
impression which a man produces upon the 
minds of those with whom he is brought in 
contact. The feelings which he inspires in 
others are a mirror in which he is pre- 
sented to us more faithfully than by the 
brush of the artist or the pen of the his- 
torian. If this be so, we gain our truest 



939 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



conception of Mr. Uptegraff as a high- 
minded man of affairs from the simple fact 
that Mr. Westinghouse thought it wise to 
make him one of the three executors of his 
great estate. 

In April, 1914, Mr. Uptegraff was made 
vice-president of the Union Switch and 
Signal Company in place of Colonel H. G. 
Prout, who succeeded Mr. Westinghouse 
as president of the company. Mr. Upte- 
graff had long been a director of the Union 
Switch and Signal Company, the Westing- 
house Air-brake Company, and the West- 
inghouse Machine Company, as well as 
treasurer and director of the Westinghouse 
Air Spring Company. He is also president 
and director of the Pittsburgh Wall Paper 
Company and the Defiance Paper Com- 
pany; president, assistant secretary, treas- 
urer and director of the Excess Indicator 
Company; and treasurer, secretary and 
director of the East Pittsburgh Improve- 
ment Company. 

As a vigilant and attentive observer of 
men and measures, Mr. Uptegraff's ideas 
carry weight among those with whom he 
discusses public problems, and he is fre- 
quently consulted in regard to matters of 
municipal importance. He belongs to the 
Duquesne, the Pittsburgh Country Club and 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. In 
Mr. Uptegraff's countenance the lines which 
tell of strength of character and tenacity of 
purpose are softened by a geniality of ex- 
pression which goes far to explain his capac- 
ity for winning and holding friends. The 
clear, direct look of the eyes speaks of a 
straightforward disposition and the ability 
for prompt decision and unhesitating action. 
He has always been a worker, not a talker, 
a man of electric force and alertness and a 
natural leader. Courteous in manner and 
generous in feeling, he is a perfect type of 
the typical Pittsburgh man of affairs. 

Mr. Uptegraff married, June 17, 1883, 
Annie Gaylor, daughter of David and Mary 
(Morrison) Marshall, who were also the 
parents of three other daughters — Mrs. Ed- 



ward H. S. Fuller, Miss Katherine Mar- 
shall and Mrs. Charles Comley ; and two 
sons — David W. Marshall and James F. 
Marshall. David Marshall, the father, died, 
and his widow, who was a cousin of Andrew 
Carnegie, passed away December 28, 1912. 
The following children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Uptegraff: Marguerite Mar- 
shall, who became the wife of D. H. Shoe- 
maker ; Elizabeth Marshall ; Thomas Mar- 
shall, of Niagara Falls, New York; Gaylor 
Marshall, married Sarah Herron ; and Ken- 
neth Marshall. Mrs. Uptegraff, a thought- 
ful, clever woman of culture and character, 
takes life with a gentle seriousness that 
endears her to those about her. The beau- 
tiful home in the East End over which she 
presides is a center of hospitality, Mr. Upte- 
graff being a man who delights to gather his 
friends about him and passes his happiest 
hours in the home fcircle. 

In helping to build up and extend the 
mighty group of corporations which will go 
down in history as the Westinghouse Inter- 
ests. Walter D. Uptegraff is laying lasting 
foundations for the future industrial pre- 
eminence of Pittsburgh. He is one of the 
men whose work "lives after them." 



KING, Alexander, 

Iieading Mannfactnrer. 

One of the strong men of the Old Pitts- 
burgh — one of those Titans of trade whose 
heroic proportions seem to dwarf their suc- 
cessors of the present day — was the late 
Alexander King, head of the celebrated firm 
of King & Company. Mr. King was a man 
who touched life at many points, and his 
great abilities and sterling traits of char- 
acter caused him to be regarded by the 
entire community with feelings of profound 
admiration. 

Alexander King was born in Mil ford. 
County Donegal, Ireland, in the year 1816, 
and left his native land at the age of seven- 
teen years to join relatives in Baltimore. 
He had received a classical education in 



940 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ireland, being intended for the ministry of 
the Presbyterian church ; and these classical 
studies of early youth he kept bright and 
familiar to the very close of his life. Young, 
energetic and educated, of manners cul- 
tured, he easily found employment in a 
large wholesale grocery establishment in 
Baltimore. Having discharged the duties 
of his position with exemplary fidelity and 
diligence for three years, he came to Pitts- 
burgh. Here he entered the store of his 
elder brother, R. H. King, who was then 
largely engaged in the grocery business. 
After two years spent in his brother's 
employ, he formed a partnership with John 
Watt, under the name of Watt & King, in 
the same line of trade. After continuing 
this partnership for three years, the firm 
was dissolved, and Mr. King began his mer- 
cantile career alone. He was very success- 
ful and became widely known for enter- 
prise, strict integrity and public spirit. 

In 1843 Mr. King introduced soda-ash 
into this country, for the first time, import- 
ing it from England, and supplied large 
quantities required in the manufacture of 
glass. A few years later he put up an exten- 
sive factory in Birmingham, Pittsburgh, for 
the manufacture of soda-ash. In this ven- 
ture he was associated with Thomas Gra- 
ham, under the firm name of King & Gra- 
ham. This undertaking was soon aban- 
doned, as it was found impossible to pro- 
duce soda-ash at a fair profit in competition 
with the imported article. 

Later Mr. King engaged in the manu- 
facture of glass under the name of King 
& Company, which undertaking was very 
successful, the enterprise prospering from 
its very inception, a fact not to be wondered 
at when it is remembered that its leader was 
Alexander King, a man whose vigorous, 
compelling nature and keen, practical mind 
wrenched success from the many difficulties 
he encountered. He was one of those men 
who seem to find the happiness of success 
in their work a reward more than sufficient 
to compensate them for any expenditure of 



time and strength. His singularly strong 
personality exerted a wonderful influence on 
his associates and subordinates, and to the 
former he showed a kindly, humorous side 
of his nature which made their relations 
most enjoyable, while the unfailing justice 
and kindliness of his conduct toward the lat- 
ter won for him their most loyal support. 

The well known business qualifications of 
Mr. King and his marvellously clear insight 
caused his services to be much in demand on 
boards of directors of different organiza- 
tions, including the Pittsburgh Gas Com- 
pany, the Cash Insurance Company, and 
was one of the organizers of the Fort Pitt 
Banking Company, afterwards merged into 
the Fort Pitt National Bank. He was 
widely but unostentatiously charitable, and 
his public spirit and rapidity of judgment 
enabled him, in the midst of incessant busi- 
ness activity, to give to the affairs of the 
community effort and counsel of genuine 
value. A Democrat in politics, he was 
active in the movements of the organization, 
his penetrating thought often adding wis- 
dom to public measures. No one familiar 
with Mr. King's fine personal appearance 
can fail to remember how truly it indicated 
his character. His manner was that of the 
most perfect dignity and gracious benignity. 
He may be said to have radiated cheerful- 
ness. Wherever he went his presence 
brought sunshine, dispelling gloom, banish- 
ing depression and causing even his business 
associates to forget their worries. 

Mr. King married (first) Eliza Jane, 
daughter of John W. and Jane Smith, 
whose death occurred February 6, 1858. 
He married (second) Sarah Cordelia Smith, 
a sister of his first wife. Her death occurred 
May 5, 1911. Children: Alexander H., 
business man of Pittsburgh ; Jennie, who 
became the wife of Richard B. Mellon, of 
Pittsburgh ; William S., who died May 5, 
1904, and Robert Burns, in real estate busi- 
ness in Pittsburgh. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
King delighted in the exercise of hospitality, 
and Mr. King, with his brilliant conversa- 
941 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tional talents, his fund of anecdote and his 
gentle humor, was indeed an incomparable 
host. What he was in the innermost sanc- 
tuary of his home, surrounded by the beings 
dearest to him none can know save those to 
whom he stood in the sacred relations of 
husband and father. He possessed a mind 
of a very high order, which he had won- 
derfully enriched by varied and extensive 
reading. He revelled in the treasures of his 
large library. His palatial residence, "Bay- 
wood," was one of the show places of Pitts- 
burgh, and the scene of much entertaining. 
Mr. King was fond of horses and long 
maintained a splendid stable, which he drove 
with a consummate mastery of horse and 
rein. 

On September 15, 1890, this gifted and 
lovable man passed away, mourned as sin- 
cerely by high and humble as ever falls to 
the lot of any. Large as was his mind, his 
heart was larger. His sympathy for human- 
ity was so broad that it extended to all who 
came in contact with him, and his name 
will be perpetuated not only by his works, 
but by the far sweeter monument of grate- 
ful memories. He was one of the men who, 
by force of character, kindliness of disposi- 
tion and steady and persistent good conduct 
in all the situations and under all the trials 
of life take possession of the public heart 
and hold it after they have ceased from 
earth. 

As a business man Alexander King did 
much for Pittsburgh. To her commercial 
prosperity he and others like him contrib- 
uted to an incalculable degree. As a citizen 
he helped to purify and build up her munic- 
ipal system and her public institutions. And 
he did even more. He gave to her a daily 
example of public and private virtue, the 
picture of a noble and blameless life — the 
life of a kindly, honorable, high-minded 
Christian gentleman. 



CHILDS. Otis H., 

Manufacturer, Philanthropist. 

The history of Pittsburgh as the Steel 
City includes the record of the lives of 



many men eminent for ability and useful- 
ness, but of none who accomplished more 
in a comparatively short space of time than 
did the late Otis H. Childs, of the United 
Engineering Company, and officially iden- 
tified with other leading manufacturing 
organizations. Mr. Childs was a lifelong 
resident of his native city, and was actively 
associated with her leading business, benev- 
olent and social interests. 

Asa P. Childs, grandfather of Otis H. 
Childs, was born December 13, 1803, at 
Upton, Massachusetts, and in early man- 
hood removed to Pittsburgh. He married 
Frances Bradley, who was born March 16, 
1808, at Mansfield, Connecticut. The de- 
scendants of Asa P. Childs have been for 
two-thirds of a century prominent in many 
lines of endeavor in the Steel City. 

Otis Bradley, son of Asa P. and Frances 
(Bradley) Childs, was born January 23, 
1829, in Pittsburgh, and attended the school 
of Professor Joseph Travelli, at Sewickley. 
On entering upon a business career he be- 
came connected with the shoe house of H. 
Childs & Company, which had been founded 
by his brother, and is now conducting busi- 
ness on Penn avenue. During the latter 
years of his life he was engaged in the com- 
mission business in partnership with Wil- 
liam Lowe, the firm name being William 
Lowe & Company, with offices on Liberty 
street. In politics Mr. Childs was a staunch 
Republican, but never consented to become 
a candidate for office. He affiliated with 
the Masonic fraternity, and was a member 
of the Third Presbyterian Church, of which 
his father had been one of the founders. 

Mr. Childs married, January 8, 1856, 
Frances McCook, whose family record is 
appended to this sketch, and they became 
the parents of a son and a daughter — Otis 
H., mentioned below ; and Elizabeth W., 
now living in Pittsburgh. Mrs. Childs, a 
most estimable and lovely woman, passed 
away May 11, 1913; and the death of Mr. 
Childs, which occurred February 17, 1877, 
was mourned as that of an honorable busi- 
ness man and conscientious citizen. 



942 




#1, Jt'^'lu 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Otis H. Childs, son of Otis Bradley and 
Frances (McCook) Childs, was bom June 
25, 1859, in Pittsburgh, and received his 
education in his native city. His entrance 
upon the active life in which he was des- 
tined to achieve distinction v^'as made as a 
messenger of the Citizens' National Bank, 
but it was impossible that one of his ability 
should remain long in this humble position. 
His merit early attracted the attention of 
his superiors and he was advanced to the 
place of teller. Feeling, however, that in 
the manufacturing world he should find the 
opportunities best adapted to give full scope 
to his talents and energies, he left the bank 
and associated himself with the Moorhead- 
McCleane Company, iron manufacturers, 
and here his remarkable sagacity, clear judg- 
ment and unwearied energy speedily brought 
him into prominence. It was not long be- 
fore he was offered a position with the 
Apollo Iron and Steel Company, and began 
to be pointed out and spoken of by older 
men as one marked for distinction in the 
world of affairs. The next business con- 
nection formed by Mr. Childs was with the 
Carnegie Steel Company, of which he be- 
came secretary, and here he distinguished 
himself not only by the ability with which 
he discharged the duties incident to this 
responsible position, but also by the val- 
uable aid which he rendered to the com- 
pany at the time of the Homestead riots, 
facing the crisis with the courage of youth 
and the wisdom of riper years. Mr. Carne- 
gie, with his quick discernment and appre- 
ciation of merit, saw in Mr. Childs one of 
the young men for whom he delighted to 
stand sponsor in the business world, and 
had the latter remained in the company he 
would have become one of the youthful 
partners of his great chief. In the middle 
nineties, however, Mr. Childs withdrew and, 
in association with his friend, William L. 
Abbott, of Pittsburgh, organized the Lin- 
coln Foundry Company, which was later 
merged in the L^nited Engineering Com- 
pany, and with this concern Mr. Childs was 



officially connected to the close of his life, 
imparting to its operations a portion of his 
own vitalizing energy and largely aiding in 
making of it a complete success. 

As a citizen no less than as a business 
man, Mr. Childs was animated by enthusi- 
asm for the loftiest ideals. While stead- 
fastly upholding the principles of the Re- 
publican party, he was without political 
ambition, but ever gave loyal support to all 
measures which he deemed calculated to 
advance the public welfare. He was a 
director of the Institution for the Blind, 
and his charities were numerous but unos- 
tentatious. His clubs were the Pittsburgh, 
Pittsburgh Golf, Country and Duquesne, 
and he was a member of the board of the 
last-named. He attended the Shady Side 
Presbyterian Church. 

Few men enjoyed to a greater degree 
than Mr. Childs the affection and esteem of 
their fellow-citizens, possessing as he did 
those traits of character, that warmth of 
heart and those social qualities which attract 
and hold friends. His personal appearance 
was striking. Tall and patrician looking, 
erect and graceful, he had the air of one 
born to command, but unvaryingly cour- 
teous and considerate of others. His dark 
hair and moustache slightly touched with 
gray accentuated a countenance strong yet 
sensitive, and his dark eyes were at once 
keen and thoughtful, the eyes of the ob- 
server and also of the thinker. His mental 
endowments were of a superior order and 
he was, as his business career shows, espe- 
cially gifted as an organizer. His very pres- 
ence conveyed the impression of a man 
whose sense of honor was chivalrous and 
whose fidelity was absolute. He was a true 
gentleman and a noble, courageous man. 

Mr. Childs married, November IQ, 1891, 
Louise, daughter of the late George and 
Mary (Berry) Dilworth, and they became 
the parents of one child, George Dilworth, 
who died at the age of twenty months. It 
was but a few years longer that Mr. Childs 
was permitted to enjoy the companionship 

943 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his loving and beloved wife, who passed 
away January 19, 1901. The fact that her 
death was due to consumption caused Mr. 
Childs to take a special interest in the 
Tuberculosis Hospital, of which he was one 
of the organizers, and he also placed a 
memorial to her on the shore of Saranac 
Lake, New York. After this bereavement 
Mr. Childs resided with his mother and sis- 
ter, between whom and himself there ex- 
isted a peculiarly strong and tender bond of 
affection. His happiest hours were passed 
in the home consecrated by the love of these 
three — mother, daughter, and the ideal son 
and brother. The sister. Miss Elizabeth W. 
Childs, a woman of winning personality and 
the centre of a large circle of warmly 
attached friends, is now the sole survivor 
and is actively engaged in charitable work 
and philanthropic enterprises. 

The death of Mr. Childs, which occurred 
August 22, 1910, in Cleveland, Ohio, was 
the cause of deep, sincere and widespread 
sorrow in the city which was his birthplace 
and had been his lifelong home. His daily 
example had been one of high-minded en- 
deavor and noble living and many, in all 
classes of the community, had a sense of 
personal bereavement. "A brilliant life cut 
short !" So would many exclaim in the con- 
templation of this wonderfully fruitful 
career. But the exclamation would be only 
partially true. Curtailed as to years, that 
life indeed, was ; but who shall say that it 
had not attained the fullest measure of 
accomplishment, that the career of this 
high-minded business man and the public- 
spirited citizen was not perfectly rounded 
and complete, rich in results of great and 
lasting benefit to his beloved city? Would 
that Pittsburgh had many more like Otis H. 
Childs ! 

(The McCook Family). 

Dr. George McCook, father of Mrs. 
Frances (McCook) Childs, was born in 
June, 1795, in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, 
and was a son of George and Mary (Mc- 
Cormick) McCook and brother of Daniel 



McCook, who married Martha Latimer and 
served, with his nine sons, in the Union 
army, in the annals of which they are im- 
mortalized as the "Fighting McCooks." 

Dr. George McCook went in 1818 to New 
Lisbon, Ohio, and was soon ranked among 
the best physicians of the State. In 1828 
he was nominated for Congress by the Dem- 
ocrats, being defeated by a few votes. In 
1836 he was nominated again, but was 
defeated by fourteen votes, and in 1837 he 
was once more placed in nomination, sus- 
taining a third defeat. At the outbreak of 
the Civil War he enrolled himself under the 
banner of Republicanism, and although con- 
siderably advanced in years offered his serv- 
ices to the government. During the four 
years' conflict he filled different positions of 
trust and usefulness, and in 1868 and 1872 
was an ardent supporter of General Grant. 
In his profession Dr. McCook achieved emi- 
nent success and acquired a national repu- 
tation. In 1844 he was appointed Professor 
of Surgery in the medical school connected 
with Willoughby University, then the best 
institution of its kind in Ohio, and after 
leaving Willoughby received a similar ap- 
pointment in Baltimore Medical College, 
where he remained two years. About 1850 
he moved to Pittsburgh, where he built up 
an extensive practice, commanding an envi- 
able position among the medical fraternity 
of the city. 

Dr. McCook married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Robert Latimer, and among their 
children was a daughter, Frances, who be- 
came the wife of Otis Bradley Childs, as 
stated above. Dr. McCook died June 25, 
1873, ^t Steubenville, Ohio, leaving the rec- 
ord of a life consecrated to the relief of 
suffering and the service of his country. 



GRING, David, 

Financier, Man of Iiarge Affairs. 

A list of the representative men of the 
State of Pennsylvania would be decidedly 
incomplete were the name of David Gring 
— financier, promoter and railroad magnate 



944 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



— omitted. Not only has he risen above the 
standard in business Hfe, but he is possessed 
in a high degree of those excellencies of 
character which make men worthy of the 
regard of their fellows. He is keenly alive 
to all the varying requirements of trade, and 
conducts operations of the most extended 
and important character, but his high 
minded and liberal business methods excite 
the admiration of his compeers. He is de- 
scended from a family which has been resi- 
dent in Pennsylvania for a number of gen- 
erations, and the various members have 
always proved their worth. 

David Gring, grandfather of the man 
whose name heads this sketch, was born in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, where the pro- 
genitor of this branch of the family is sup- 
posed to have settled upon his arrival in 
this country from Holland. David Gring 
was a farmer and a miller, a man of promi- 
nence in his locality, and died in 1886. He 
married Catherine Hill, who died in 1882. 

Samuel H. Gring, son of David and Cath- 
erme (Hill) Gring, was born at Sinking 
Springs, Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 
1832, and died in Reading, Pennsylvania, 
September 12, 1912. He was educated in 
the district schools of his native town and, 
under the supervision of his father, learned 
the milling trade. In 1854 he located in the 
vicinity of Denver, Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, where he owned and operated a 
grist mill and tannery until 1869. and during 
the two following years was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits in association with his 
father. In 1871 he removed to Newville, 
Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, where 
he engaged in the lumber business, with 
which he was identified for five years, then 
settled at Reading, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. In 1890 he commenced 
the construction of the Newport & Sher- 
mans Valley railroad, completing this in 
1892. He also constructed a portion of the 
Path Valley railroad, an underlying line of 
the preceding. During his earlier years he 
was a Whig in political matters, but upon 



the formation of the Republican party, 
joined the ranks of that party. He was a 
member of the Alsace Reformed Church of 
Reading, Pennsylvania. Mr. Gring married 
Catherine, a daughter of Simon Hoycr, a 
bridge contractor of Alsace township, Berks 
county, and they had children : David, Sam- 
uel H. Jr., Charles, Catherine and Eliza- 
beth. 

David Gring, son of Samuel II, and Cath- 
erine (Hoyer) Gring, was born in Denver, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, June 10, 
1857, and acquired a .substantial education 
in the district schools in the vicinity of his 
home. He was still a young lad when he 
became associated with his father in the 
lumber interests of the latter, an association 
which was continued until 1876. David 
Gring then engaged in the lumber business 
independently in Huntingdon county, Penn- 
sylvania, purchasing large tracts of virgin 
forest land in Huntingdon, Blair, Mifflin, 
Bedford and Juniata counties. In 1881 he 
settled in Newport, Perry county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and has resided there since that time. 
In 1S86 he constructed the Diamond Val- 
ley railroad, thereby opening up extensive 
and valuable timber districts along its line. 
In 1891 he became a promoter of railroads, 
and was instrumental in constructing the 
Newport and Shermans Valley railroad, of 
which he was made president and general 
manager, an office of which he is still the 
incumbent. He is also president of the Path 
Valley railroad ; the Susquehanna River 
and Western railroad ; Paxtang Consoli- 
dated Water Company, which embraces 
nine water companies ; Lebanon Valley Con- 
solidated Water Company, which embraces 
eight water companies ; ^\'est End Water 
Company, Clinton county, Pennsylvania, 
embracing six water companies ; Hanover 
and McSherrystown Water Company, cm- 
bracing five water companies ; Newport 
Home Water Company. Newport, Penn- 
sylvania ; Mountain City \\'ater Company, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania ; Washing- 
ton Water Supply Company, Slatington, 



945 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania; Palatine Bridge (New York) 
Water Company; Fultonville (New York) 
Water Company ; Hummelstown (Penn- 
sylvania) Electric Light Company. He 
also has extensive lumber interests in North 
and South Carolina, Eastern Tennessee, 
Eastern Kentucky, Virginia and West Vir- 
ginia. In political matters he is a staunch 
Republican, but he has no desire for public 
office, holding the opinion that he is best 
serving the interests of his country by de- 
voting himself to business and thus increas- 
ing her prosperity in this direction. Mr. 
Gring married, July 21, 1880, Emma C, a 
daughter of Anson V. Caldwell, of Perry 
county, Pennsylvania, and they have chil- 
dren: I. Elizabeth, born July 24, 1881. 2. 
Robert B., born May 24, 1884. 3. Rodney 
M., born February 17, 1887; former gen- 
eral manager of Morris County Traction 
Company, Morris county. New Jersey; re- 
signed to become, and is now general man- 
ager of Susquehanna River & Western 
railroad of New Bloomfield, Pennsylvania, 
and of the Mountain City Water Company, 
of Frackville, Schuylkill county, Pennsylva- 
nia, and of the Washington Water Supply 
Company, of Slatington, Pennsylvania. 4. 
Herbert C, born November 30, 1888; gen- 
eral manager of Newport & Shermans 
Valley railroad, of Newport, Pennsylvania, 
and treasurer of Hanover & McSherrys- 
town Water Company, of Hanover, Penn- 
sylvania, and Mountain City Water Com- 
pany, of Frackville, Schuylkill county, 
Pennsylvania. 5. Wilbur D., born April 2, 
1892; superintendent of motive power of 
Newport & Shermans Valley railroad, and 
Susquehanna & Western railroad. The 
children of David Gring were all born at 
Newport, Perry county, Pennsylvania. 

No estimate can be made of Mr. Gring's 
character and his standing in the business 
world that does not embrace his strong 
characteristics for courage and sincerity of 
purpose. These, joined with his foresight 
and sagacity, have led him to the success to 
which he has attained. He seems to see 



the value of an enterprise from the view- 
point of profit when others hesitate and 
when he has once seen it goes to the execu- 
tion of it without a hesitation or a doubt. 
His constant success has led the world of 
capital to follow him with its millions. In 
Central Pennsylvania he has been much of a 
pioneer. In a dozen of counties his benefits 
and influence have been felt for the general 
good of the people. In these enterprises he 
has built himself an enduring monument 
which will hold his name in remembrance 
for generations to come. 

In his personal deportment he is modest, 
generous and kindly to all men who have 
business or social intercourse with him. His 
life is pure and clean, devoted solely to his 
business and his family. Take him all in 
all he is a most fitting representative of the 
German blood that has made Pennsylvania 
the great empire State she is. 



SMALL, Samuel, 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

Samuel Small, of York, president of the 
P. A. & S. Small Company, and of the P. 
A. & S. Small Milling Company, has been 
for half a century prominently and insepara- 
bly identified with the mercantile, educa- 
tional and benevolent interests of his native 
city. 

Samuel Small is a son of Philip Albright 
and Sarah (Latimer) Small, and a grand- 
son of George and Anna Maria Ursula 
(Albright) Small. He received his educa- 
tion at the York County Academy, and 
chose, in accordance with family traditions, 
a mercantile career. On July 22, 1866, he 
became a member of the firm of P. A. & S. 
Small, and since that time has devoted his 
best energies and unquestioned ability to 
the building up and extension of the inter- 
ests of this famous house. In 1905 the 
varied branches and elements of the firm of 
P. A. & S. Small were incorporated, and 
the large wholesale mercantile interests have 
since been operated as the P. A. & S. Small 



946 




^■y fyS" S HOSm^ ^Sre ^^y 



/02:c<yi^ '^l^-t^-c-i:^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company. The P. A. & S. Small Milling 
Company was also incorporated, as was the 
P. A. & S. Small Land Company. In 1906 
a spacious and commodious five-story busi- 
ness block was erected on North George 
street as the headquarters of this celebrated 
concern. Mr. Small has proved his business 
talents to be of the highest order, including 
as they do great industry, a very clear sense 
of values, the power of organization and 
sound and accurate judgment. As presi- 
dent of the three P. A. & S. Small com- 
panies, his course has been marked by the 
wisely balanced conservatism and pro- 
gressiveness of the true business man. 

In all concerns relative to the city's wel- 
fare Mr. Small's interest is deep and sin- 
cere, and wherever substantial aid will fur- 
ther public progress it is freely given. He 
is president of the York Benevolent Society 
and Children's Home; was formerly vice- 
president of the York County Agricultural 
Society, and the Pennsylvania Bible Soci- 
ety; president and trustee of the State Hos- 
pital for the Insane at Harrisburg; and a 
life member of the Historical Society of 
York County and the Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society. In 1888 Mr. Small gave 
evidence of his interest in the cause of edu- 
cation by erecting, in association with his 
two elder brothers, the present York Col- 
legiate Institute, and is now president of 
the board of trustees. He is a man of 
strong intellect, generosity of character and 
largeness of heart, his manners simple and 
dignified, beloved by his employees whom 
he has ever treated with justice and kindli- 
ness, honored by his associates and the ob- 
ject of the warm personal regard of many 
devoted friends. 

Mr. Small married, in 1859, Frances Ann 
Richardson, and the following children have 
been born to them: Sarah Latimer, wife of 
Walter M. Franklin, of the Lancaster 
county bar; Mary Richardson, married to 
George S. Schmidt, of the York county bar; 
Isabel Cassatt, unmarried ; George, de- 
ceased; Frank Morris ; Samuel ; and Helena 



Bartow, wife of Robert G. Goldsborough, 
of Harrisburg. Mrs. Small is one of those 
rare women who combine with perfect 
womanliness and domesticity an unerring 
judgment, traits of great value to her hus- 
band, to whom she is not alone a diarming 
companion, but also a confidante and ad- 
viser. Mr. Small is devoted to his family, 
spending his happiest hours at his own fire- 
side, and delights to entertain his friends, 
both at his city residence and his charming 
country home a few miles east of York. 

Mr. Small is heir to the traditions of six 
generations of honorable merchants and 
patriotic citizens, each of whom served with 
merited distinction his city, county and 
State. The highest possible appreciation of 
his own record is conveyed in the simple 
statement that it worthily supplements that 
of his ancestors, and adds new prestige to 
an old and honored name. 



STEWART, David Glenn, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Business men who are at the same time 
able administrators are the men who count 
most in the material advancement of the 
community, and Pittsburgh has the good 
fortune to number among her citizens not a 
few of this influential type. Conspicuous 
among those who for a third of a century 
have been recognized leaders in the busi- 
ness world, is David Glenn Stewart, founder 
and head of the widely known grain firm of 
D. G. Stewart & Geidel. With the financial 
interests of his home city Mr. Stewart is 
prominently identified in addition to being 
the custodian of many important trusts and 
responsibilities. 

David Glenn Stewart was born Novem- 
ber 3, 1839, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of 
William and Eliza (Glenn) Stewart. A 
sketch of William Stewart, including a his- 
tory of the Stewart family, appears else- 
where in this work. David Glenn Stewart 
was educated in the private school presided 
over by the Rev. Joseph Travelli, at Sewick- 



947 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ley, and began his business career as second 
clerk on the boat owned by his brother, 
James Stewart, plying between Mobile and 
Montgomery, Alabama. He filled this posi- 
tion three years and then went to Washing- 
ton, D. C, as clerk in the War Department. 
Remaining there during the Civil War, he 
enlisted in a company of government clerks 
organized to guard the city in the event of 
its being threatened by the enemy. At the 
close of the war Mr. Stewart, as clerk of the 
United States paymaster, accompanied that 
official to New Orleans and also travelled 
with him through the South, paying off regi- 
ments as they disbanded. About a year 
was required for the accomplishment of 
this work, and on its completion Mr. Stew- 
art spent another year in Europe, finding 
relaxation from long continued strain in 
visiting places of historic interest in the Old 
World. 

On his return he settled in Pittsburgh, 
where, in 1873, he founded the grain busi- 
ness which has since under his able manage- 
ment grown to such huge proportions. For 
twenty-three years he conducted it alone, 
its development during that period being 
the result of his strong brain and will power 
and his keen business sense. Progressive 
in his ideas and tolerant of every suggestion 
offered him, he is yet wisely conservative 
and unfailingly self-reliant. A just and 
kind employer, his insight enables him to 
put the right man in the right place and he 
has the faculty of inspiring his associates 
and subordinates with something of his own 
energy and enthusiasm. In 1906 he re- 
ceived into partnership J. A. A. Geidel, the 
style of the firm becoming Stewart & Geidel. 

In 1888 Mr. Stewart caused to be con- 
structed, on the South Side, the first Iron 
City elevator with a capacity of about 
300,000 bushels of grain. In 191 1 this was 
totally destroyed by fire and the firm has 
recently built a new concrete one, holding 
about 150,000 bushels, and novel in design 
and construction. The first story, supported 
on reinforced concrete columns at an alti- 



tude of thirteen feet above the working 
floor, extends under the entire storage and 
affords the working space for the cleaning, 
grinding, shelling, sacking and local ship- 
ping operations of the plant. All of the 
machinery and equipment is installed with 
a view to absolute security from fire, being 
made of steel and arranged with a special 
view to the elimination of dust and the 
maintenance of a high degree of cleanliness 
and efficiency throughout the plant. The 
machinery is all motor driven, each part 
having independent control by means of 
friction clutches. Despite the fact that this 
elevator is only one-third the size of its pre- 
decessor, so far as storage capacity is con- 
cerned, the general arrangement of machin- 
ery and the splendid handling facilities 
which it now has place it in the front rank 
of elevators of the same size. There is also 
plenty of room available for increasing the 
present capacity of 100,000 bushels when- 
ever conditions may require it. As the first 
concrete elevator erected in Pittsburgh this 
has been the centre of much interest in the 
grain trade in that vicinity and has set the 
pace for better things in elevator construc- 
tion. 

In addition to his grain business, Mr. 
Stewart holds the office of vice-president of 
the Western National Bank of Pittsburgh 
and has been for a very long period closely 
identified with the financial history of the 
city. For twenty years he was a director of 
the West End Bank, and he was one of the 
organizers and was elected one of the first 
directors, which office he has held continu- 
ously, of the National Bank of Western 
Pennsylvania. He held the presidency of 
the Fourth National Bank until that insti- 
tution was consolidated, January 17, 1910, 
with the National Bank of Western Penn- 
sylvania, when he became vice-president of 
the combination, holding the office until 
May 17, 1913, when that bank's name was 
changed and became the Western National 
Bank of Pittsburgh, of which he was elected 
a director and first vice-president. Fitted 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



as he is by mature judgment and ripe experi- 
ence for the administration and handling 
of important and comphcated interests, Mr. 
Stewart has been frequently solicited to 
undertake such responsibilities and his pub- 
lic spirit has led him to accept many of these 
trusts. He is trustee of the James M. 
Bailey estate, e.xecutor for the estate of 
Mrs. F. N. C. Nimick, attorney in fact for 
Alexander K. Nimick, president (elected 
June 26) of the Shady Side Academy, 
president of the Homceopathic Hospital, and 
at the death of Thomas N. Miller was made 
president of the Pittsburgh Opera House 
Company. The duties involved in all these 
positions, and especially in that of trustee 
for estates, are of an exceptionally exacting 
nature, demanding the services of a vigor- 
ous and at the same time a quick and keen 
intellect. 

While assiduous in business, Mr. Stewart 
is moved by a public-spirited interest in his 
fellow citizens and his aid and influence are 
never withheld from any project which, in 
his judgment, tends to further the welfare 
of Pittsburgh. Ever ready to respond to 
any deserving call made upon him, he is 
widely but unostentatiously charitable. In 
politics he is a Democrat and although fre- 
quently urged to become a candidate for 
office has steadily refused. He affiliates 
with the Masonic fraternity, belonging to 
Tancred Commandery, No. 48, Knights 
Templar, and is a member of the Pittsburgh 
Club, the Civic Club of Allegheny County, 
the Automobile Club of Pittsburgh and the 
Church Club of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. 
He and his family are members of Calvary 
Protestant Episcopal Church. 

A man of strongly marked characteristics, 
modestly inclined, but in business thor- 
oughly aggressive, Mr. Stewart is genial in 
disposition and highly appreciative of the 
good traits of others. Tall and fine-looking, 
with iron grey hair, white moustache and 
keen but kindly eyes, he looks the man he is. 
An energetic worker, he is also a very quiet 
one, accomplishing much without apparent 



effort. Dignified, courteous and compan- 
ionable, he possesses the capacity for life- 
long friendship. 

Mr. Stewart married, April 29, 1880, in 
Pittsburgh, Jennie L., daughter of William 
K. and Elizabeth (Bailey) Nimick. Mr. 
Nimick died April 19, 1875, •" Pittsburgh. 
Mr. and Mrs. Stewart are the parents of 
one son: Glenn, born January 6, 1884, in 
Pittsburgh, educated at Shady Side Acad- 
emy, at a school at Ashcville, North Caro- 
lina, and at Yale University, graduating in 
1906, in the scientific course. After attend- 
ing Harvard Law School he went to France 
and Spain in order to become familiar with 
the languages of those countries and is now 
preparing to secure a position in the diplo- 
matic service. He is a member of the Auto- 
mobile Club of Pittsburgh. Of strong 
domestic tastes and affections, Mr. Stewart 
is devoted to the ties of family and friend- 
ship and delights in the exercise of hos- 
pitality. Mrs. Stewart is a member of the 
Twentieth Century Club of Pittsburgh and 
the Civic Club of Allegheny county. 

David Glenn Stewart is one of the men 
who are essential to the unbuilding of great 
municipalities by reason of the fact that his 
work has both magnitude and permanence 
and that he is eminently fitted for the ad- 
ministration of high and important trusts. 
His long and useful career is illustrative of 
the phrase, "Success with Honor." 



BEAL, James Harvey, 

Corporation Lavryer, Financier. 

The future of Pittsburgh is in the hands 
not of her industrial leaders and potentates 
alone, but also in those of the men who 
preside and argue in her courts, who admin- 
ister justice and plead for redress of 
wrongs. The bar of the Iron City, distin- 
guished from the beginning, has grown in 
lustre with the passing years, and prominent 
among the men who to-day ably maintain its 
ancient prestige, is James Harvey Beal. of 
the famous corporation law firm of Reed, 



949 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Smith, Shaw & Beal, and former assistant 
city attorney for Pittsburgh. Mr. Beal's 
entire professional career has thus far been 
associated with the metropolis and he is 
intimately identified with her most essen- 
tial interests. 

James Harvey Beal was born September 
I, 1869, at Frankfort Springs, Pennsylvania, 
and is the son of William and Mary (Liv- 
ingston) Beal. The boy attended the public 
schools, the instruction which he received 
there being largely amplified by private 
study. In January, 1892, he was admitted 
to the Allegheny county bar, and has since 
been continuously engaged in active prac- 
tice in the city of Pittsburgh. Innate ability 
enforced by thorough equipment and vital- 
ized by unflagging industry, rapidly brought 
the young lawyer into well-earned promi- 
nence, and in 1896, only four years after his 
admission to the bar, he became assistant 
city attorney for Pittsburgh. This position 
he filled with a degree of ability and an ad- 
herence to principle which attracted much 
attention and added to his already enviable 
reputation. In 1899 Mr. Beal resigned his 
office in order to associate himself with the 
firm of Knox & Reed, composed of former 
United States Senator P. C. Knox and 
James H. Reed. When Mr. Knox became 
Secretary of State he was forced to sever 
his connection with the firm, which was 
reorganized as Reed, Smith, Shaw & Beal. 
It is now one of the foremost corporation 
law firms in Pittsburgh, and one of the most 
prominent coalitions of lawyers in the en- 
tire State of Pennsylvania. As an expert 
in corporation practice, Mr. Beal stands 
second to none and, with his associates, has 
conducted some of the most important and 
exacting legal actions ever brought in the 
United States. Strong in reasoning and 
forceful in argument, he possesses that 
judicial instinct which makes its way quickly 
through immaterial details to the essential 
points upon which the determination of a 
cause must turn and his statements are re- 
markable both for logic and lucidity. 



With the business life of Pittsburgh Mr. 
Beal is also conspicuously identified. He 
is a director in the Pittsburgh Coal Com- 
pany, the Monongahela River Consolidated 
Coal and Coke Company, and the Western 
Allegheny railroad. In banking circles he 
holds an influential position, being a director 
in the Lincoln National Bank. In matters 
of business he manifests the same keen 
penetration and sound judgment which char- 
acterize him in his legal practice. 

Politically Mr. Beal is a Republican, but 
has never been numbered among office- 
seekers, and has refrained from taking an 
active part in public affairs, always, how- 
ever, giving the loyal support of a good citi- 
zen to measures and movements which in 
his judgment tend to promote progress and 
reform. Ever ready to respond to any de- 
serving call made upon him, he is widely 
but unostentatiously charitable. He belongs 
to the Pittsburgh Athletic Association, and 
his clubs are the Duquesne, Pittsburgh 
Press, University, Pittsburgh Country, Oak- 
mont Country, Union and Stanton Heights 
Golf, all of the Pittsburgh district, and the 
New York Athletic and Lawyers' clubs of 
New York City. The countenance of Mr. 
Beal is an index to his character, the clear- 
cut features with their lines of will and 
achievement and the large dark eyes with 
their direct, forceful gaze speaking elo- 
quently of intellect and decision and the re- 
lentless pursuit of the fixed purpose, soft- 
ened by kindliness and a strong sense of 
humor. He is ardent and loyal in his attach- 
ments and counts his friends by the hun- 
dred. 

Mr. Beal married Beatrice Littell, and 
they are the parents of two sons — William 
Rodgers, and James Harvey Jr. Mrs. Beal, 
a woman of most attractive personality, is 
prominent in the social circles of Pittsburgh, 
being one of the city's favorite hostesses. 
Mr. Beal delights in the exercise of hos- 
pitality and is devoted to his home and 
family. 

In his twenty-two years at the bar Mr. 
950 





/iLcUjJcLu^ .^Z^_^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Beal has accomplished much, having a rec- 
ord of achievements both solid and bril- 
liant. He has not, however, yet completed 
his forty-fifth year, and he is one of the 
men with whom time means progress. 
Everything indicates that the future has in 
store for him more signal triumphs and 
greater honors than those which the past 
has already brought him. 



NEAD, Benjamin Matthias, 

Lawyer, Journalist, Anthor. 

Benjamin Matthias Nead, who for more 
than a quarter of a century has been num- 
bered among the leaders of the Dauphin 
county bar, Pennsylvania, comes of good 
old Pennsylvania German stock, and during 
the long period of his residence in Harris- 
burg has become thoroughly identified with 
the municipal, social and benevolent inter- 
ests of the capital of the Keystone State. 

Four of the ancestors of Benjamin Mat- 
thias Nead were in the party who came in 
1710 to Livingston Manor, New York, 
afterward going to Schoharie county, and 
in 1723 and 1728 proceeding down the Sus- 
quehanna to the Swatara and thence to Tul- 
pehocken. They were: Michael Lauer 
(grandfather four generations removed), 
and his son Christian Lauer ; John Spyker 
(grandfather four generations removed), 
and Jacob Lowengut (grandfather three 
generations removed). The last mentioned, 
with his wife, was killed and scalped by hos- 
tile Indians at Tulpehocken, in April, 1758. 
Peter Spyker, great-great-great-grand- 
father, was judge of the Berks county 
courts from 1768 to his death in 1789, the 
greater part of the time president judge, 
and took an active part in civil afi'airs 
during the Revolution, being one of the com- 
missioners appointed by the Assembly in 
1776 to raise funds to prosecute the war. 
Two great-great-grandfathers. Major Peter 
Dechert, of Pennsylvania, and Captain Ben- 
jamin Spyker Jr., of the Maryland Line, 
served as ofl^cers in the struggle for inde- 



pendence, and two great-grandfathers, Dan- 
iel Nead and John Wunderlich, enlisted as 
privates. Two great-great-grandfathers, 
Matthias Nead and Peter Ilellcigh, were 
pioneers in the settlement of Western Mary- 
land, going there shortly after 1750, and 
both took an active part in affairs. 

Matthias Nead, grandfather of Benjamin 
Matthias Nead, of Harrisburg. served as an 
officer in one of the Maryland regiments 
during the War of 1812, and in the early 
part of the nineteenth century was promi- 
nently identified with the political and busi- 
ness history of Franklin county. 

Benjamin Franklin, son of Matthias 
Nead, was for upward of forty years 
actively engaged in business in Chambers- 
burg, for the greater portion of the time 
as one of the firm of Wunderlich & Nead, 
which was among the pioneers in the old- 
time forwarding and commission business. 
Franklin Nead, as he was commonly called, 
and Daniel K. Wunderlich, the other mem- 
ber of the firm, were prominent among that 
little coterie of active and enterprising busi- 
ness men to whom belongs the credit of 
having built up the little village of Cham- 
bersburg from an ordinary country town 
into the progressive and thriving borough 
which it was when the blight of the Civil 
War fell upon it. Benjamin Franklin Nead 
married Ellen Wunderlich, a sister of Dan- 
ial K. W^underlich, and their son, Benjamin 
Matthias, is mentioned below. 

Benjamin Matthias, son of Benjamin 
Franklin and Ellen (Wunderlich) Nead, 
was born July 14, 1847, '" Antrim town- 
ship, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, and 
received his early education in the Cham- 
bersburg Academy. During the last year 
of the war he was under the private tutelage 
of Rev. James F. Kennedy, of Chambers- 
burg, afterward entering the Hopkins 
Grammar School, New Haven, Connecticut, 
where he remained one year. At the end 
of that time he matriculated at Yale Uni- 
versity, graduating in the class of 1870. 
After graduation, Mr. Nead returned to 



95' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chambersburg and studied law in the office 
of Hon. Francis M. Kimmel, ex-judge of 
that judicial district. June 4, 1872, he was 
admitted to the bar of Franklin county, and 
practiced his profession until 1875, when he 
was appointed State Tax Deputy in the 
department of the Auditor General of the 
Commonwealth. In consequence he re- 
moved to Harrisburg, and held the position 
until May, 1881, when he retired to resume 
the practice of his profession, in which he 
has ever since been actively engaged. The 
practical knowledge of State tax law 
acquired by Mr. Nead during his service 
in the department of the Auditor General 
led him, upon his retirement from that 
service, to make a specialty of practice in 
State tax and corporation cases, and in 
this practice he has been largely success- 
ful, building up for himself a reputation 
throughout the State. In the forty years 
of his legal experience he has been counsel 
for a number of corporations and has been 
employed in many important cases, notably 
those in which the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania enjoined the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company from the purchase of the 
South Pennsylvania and Beech Creek rail- 
roads, and the suits instituted by the Com- 
monwealth against the counties of Philadel- 
phia and Allegheny to recover large amounts 
of fees claimed by the State. He has been 
a receiver of two national banks, and at the 
present time is largely engaged in Orphans' 
Court practice in the settlement of trust 
estates. 

In addition to his service in the Auditor 
General's department, Mr. Nead has repre- 
sented his State in a variety of other ways. 
On the commission appointed to revise the 
revenue laws of the Commonwealth and 
report a new system of taxation to the leg- 
islature of 1883, he served by special ap- 
pointment, and he was also a member and 
secretary of the commission of six expert 
accountants appointed the same year to de- 
vise a new system of keeping the accounts 
of the State. During the two terms of Gov- 



ernor Pattison's administration, Mr. Nead 
filled by his appointment the position of 
State financial agent for Pennsylvania at 
Washington, D. C. In September, 1894, he 
was appointed by the Comptroller of Cur- 
rency at Washington to take charge, as re- 
ceiver of the defunct National Bank of 
Middletown, Pennsylvania, and to settle up 
its affairs. In 1904 he was president of the 
Harrisburg Board of Trade, and in 1905 
served as vice-president of the Municipal 
League of Public Improvement. 

Politically, Mr. Nead has always been 
an ardent Democrat, and as a young man 
was active both in State committee work 
and on the stump. During the Greeley and 
Buckalew campaign of 1872 he was chair- 
man of the Democratic committee of Frank- 
lin county, and in 1874 served by appoint- 
ment as secretary of the Democratic State 
committee. In 1887, when the new rules 
for the party were adopted and the office 
of permanent secretary was created, Mr. 
Nead was chosen as the first incumbent, 
filling the office so acceptably that he served 
by reelection seven successive years, the 
position, at the end of that time, being 
made an appointive one under the State 
chairman. In 1894 he was unanimously 
nominated for Congress in his district, but 
having just entered upon his duties as re- 
ceiver of a national bank, under Federal 
appointment, he withdrew from the ticket. 
In various ways Mr. Nead is identified 
with religious and other public activities, 
serving as trustee of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, the Loysville Or- 
phans' Home, and the Public Library Asso- 
ciation, and as elder and vestryman of Zion 
Lutheran Church, Harrisburg. In 1905 he 
was president of the Dauphin County Bar 
Association, and he is now president of the 
Yale Alumni Association of Central Penn- 
sylvania. He is a member of the following 
societies: American Historical Associa- 
tion; Pennsylvania Historical Society; 
Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania; His- 
torical Society of Dauphin County (vice- 

952 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



president) ; Pennsylvania Federation of 
Historical Societies (elected president for 
1914) ; Kittochtinny Historical Society ; 
Lycoming County Historical Society ; Penn- 
sylvania-German Society (president 1906) ; 
Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the 
Revolution ; and the Authors' Club, of Lon- 
don, England. He is a past master and 
Royal Arch Mason ; past exalted ruler of 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
a past regent of the Royal Arcanum, and a 
representative in the supreme council of 
that order. 

Mr. Nead's record in literary work is long 
and noteworthy. From 1874 to 1877 he 
was legislative correspondent of a number 
of leading Democratic newspapers, in 1887 
he was editor-in-chief of the Harrisburg 
"Daily Patriot," and in 1889 editor-in-chief 
of the Harrisburg "Morning Call." His pub- 
lications include the following: "Sketches 
of Early Chambersburg" (1872); "Nead's 
Guide to County Officers" (1875); "The 
Colonial and Provincial Laws of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1667-1700" (1878); "Historical 
Notes on the Legislative Councils and As- 
semblies of Pennsylvania, 1623-1700" 
(1878) ; "A Brief Review of the Financial 
History of Pennsylvania, 1682-1881" 
(1881); "Waynesboro — A Centennial His- 
tory" (1900). He has also published a 
number of historical monographs, illustrated 
and otherwise (newspaper and magazine 
sketches) : "General Thomas Proctor, of 
the Revolution" ("Pennsylvania Historical 
Magazine," 1880) ; "James McLene, one of 
the Unmentioned Men of Mark, &c." ("His- 
torical Register" — Interior Pennsylvania, 
1883) ; "Brave Mollie of Monmouth" ; "The 
Origin of Protection in Pennsylvania" ; 
"The Story of the Mason and Dixon Line" ; 
"Ye Trial of ye Longe Finne" (Swedish) ; 
"Seedtime and Harvest in Pennsylvania" ; 
"The Early Lottery as a State Subsidy," 
etc. (Philadelphia "Press," Harrisburg 
"Telegram," etc.). Among his public ad- 
dresses and lectures and papers read are 
the following: "The Pennsylvania-German 



in Civil Life" (before Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man Society, 1894) ; "In the Footprints of 
Pennsylvania's Past"; "England, Country- 
side and Metropolis"; "Historical Shrines 
of Old England"; "An Age of Iron"; "The 
Scotch-Irish Movement in the Cumberland 
Valley of Pennsylvania" (Eighth Scotch- 
Irish Congress, 1896) ; "The Town of 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and its Historic En- 
vironment" (Tenth Scotch-Irish Congress, 
1901); "Past Blessings— Present Duties" 
(Harrisburg "Old Home Week" oration, 
1905) ; "Evolution of the Judiciary System 
of Pennsylvania (Bar Association, 1906); 
"Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in State 
and Nation Building" (Kittochtinny Histor- 
ical Society, 1903) ; "Some Hidden Sources 
of Fiction" (Historical Society of Dauphin 
County, 1909). The last mentioned was a 
criticism of Sir Gilbert Parker's novel, "The 
Scats of the Mighty," and attracted no little 
attention not only in this country but also 
in England. 

Mr. Nead married, October 14, 1875, at 
Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, Elizabeth 
Jane, youngest daughter of David and 
Nancy (Cohvell) Hayes, of Middle Spring, 
Pennsylvania, and they became the parents 
of two sons: Benjamin Frank, born De- 
cember 27, 1877; and Robert Hayes, born 
March 9, 1880. Both these children were 
born at Harrisburg. Mrs. Nead died Janu- 
ary II, 1883, and Mr. Nead married (sec- 
ond), January 21, 1892, at Harrisburg, 
Annie Elizabeth, youngest daughter of 
Nicholas and Maria (Gilbert) Zollinger, of 
that city. The death of Mrs. Nead occurred 
October 25, 1906. Mr. Nead's elder son, 
Benjamin Frank Nead, graduated from the 
Yale Law School in the class of 1901, and 
is now the junior partner of the law firm 
of Nead & Nead. He married, April 20. 
1910. Margaretta Rote, of Harrisburg. Rob- 
ert Hayes Nead, the younger son, graduated 
from Yale, academic department, class of 
1904. He is in the service of the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad, freight department, and re- 
sides at Ardmore. Pennsylvania. 



953 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



LAZEAR, Thomas C, 

ZiaTryer, Prominent Citizen. 

The bar of Pittsburgh, distinguished from 
the beginning, has grown in lustre with the 
passing years, and among those who during 
the last half century have most ably upheld 
its lofty standards of character and learn- 
ing Thomas C. Lazear occupies a foremost 
place. For many years Mr. Lazear has 
been an acknowledged leader of his profes- 
sion in the Iron City, and for as long a 
period has been numbered among her sterl- 
ing citizens. 

Thomas Lazear, grandfather of Thomas 
C. Lazear, was born March 31, 1771, in 
Greene county, Pennsylvania, and there for 
twenty-seven years served as justice of the 
peace. The family is of French origin, and 
the ancestors of Thomas Lazear were of 
the Huguenot faith. On coming to Amer- 
ica they first settled in Maryland, afterward 
removing to Greene county, Pennsylvania, 
prior to its formation from part of Wash- 
ington county. Thomas Lazear married 
Elizabeth Braddock, second cousin of Gen- 
eral Edward Braddock, of colonial fame, 
killed in 1755 in the famous battle with the 
Indians at Braddock's field. Thomas Lazear 
died November 16, 1858. 

Jesse Lazear, son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Braddock) Lazear, was born in 
Greene county, and was known as General 
Lazear. For forty years he was cashier of 
the Farmers' and Drovers' Bank, an insti- 
tution which is largely indebted to his finan- 
cial ability. He was active in public affairs, 
and during the Civil War served for two 
years as the Congressional representative 
of his district. For many years he was an 
elder in the Presbyterian church. General 
Lazear married Frances Burbridge, like 
himself, a native of Greene county, and they 
were the parents of a son, Thomas C, men- 
tioned below. The death of General Lazear, 
which occurred September 2, 1867, deprived 
Pennsylvania of an astute financier and a 
prominent and public-spirited citizen. 



Thomas C. Lazear, son of Jesse and Fran- 
ces (Burbridge) Lazear, was born May 29, 
1 83 1, at Waynesburg, Greene county, Penn- 
sylvania, and received his early education 
in Greene Academy, at Carmichael's, in his 
native county. In 1848 he entered Wash- 
ington College, graduating in 1850, with 
first honors. He then spent three years in 
the study of the law, acting meanwhile as 
teller in a bank, and also holding the pro- 
fessorship of languages in Waynesburg 
College. In 1853 he entered Dane Law 
School of Harvard University, graduating 
in 1855 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. 

Returning to his native town, Mr. Lazear 
practiced for three years in partnership with 
R. W. Downey, his former preceptor, and 
in February, 1858, removed to Pittsburgh, 
where he acquired an extensive clientele 
and has for many years stood in the front 
rank of his profession. Gentle and courte- 
ous, yet firm, courageous and honest, he is 
particularly fitted for affairs requiring exec- 
utive and administrative ability, and pos- 
sesses all the attributes of a successful law- 
yer, being capable, well balanced and con- 
scientious and combining integrity of char- 
acter and moral uprightness with a rare ap- 
preciation of the two sides of every ques- 
tion. 

As a true citizen, Mr. Lazear has ever 
manifested a deep and sincere interest in 
all that concerned the welfare of Pittsburgh, 
and in politics has always adhered to the 
Democratic party. He is frequently con- 
sulted in regard to matters of municipal 
importance. Ever ready to respond to any 
deserving call made upon him, he is widely 
but unostentatiously charitable. He is an 
earnest member of the East Liberty Pres- 
byterian church, in which he holds the office 
of elder. The countenance of Mr. Lazear 
is expressive of the well balanced mind and 
even disposition that go to the making of 
the judicial temperament, and it also indi- 
cates the genial nature that has surrounded 
him with a large circle of warmly attached 

954 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



friends. His intellect is luminous and 
vigorous, speaking in the clear, direct glance 
of his eyes, which, with all their keenness, 
yet hold in their depths the glint of humor. 
Dignified yet winning in manner, his pres- 
ence gives assurance of a true and kindly 
gentleman and a generous, upright man. 

Mr. Lazear married, June 13, 1861, Alice, 
daughter of George A. and Anna G. (Sav- 
age) Lyon, of Pittsburgh, formerly of 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania. A full account of 
the Lyon family is to be found in the biog- 
raphy of Mrs. Lazear's brother, the late 
Ale.xander Parker Lyon, elsewhere in this 
work. Mr. and Mrs. Lazear have been the 
parents of three children: Anna, wife of 
Judge Charles P. Orr ; Jesse T., a promi- 
nent attorney of Pittsburgh; and Lyttleton 
L., a well known physician, now deceased. 
Mr. Lazear is a man of strong domestic 
tastes and affections and is fond of enter- 
taining his friends. Love of music is one 
of his dominant characteristics. 

The truest conception of a man's person- 
ality may often be gained from the words 
of those who have known him long and 
well, and for this reason we present the 
following appreciation of Mr. Lazear's char- 
acter and ability, coming as it does from 
the pen of his former law partner, the late 
Hon. James H. Hopkins : 



Mr. Lazear entered the profession of law not 
as a money-making trade, but because he loved it. 
He had a fair share of ambition, but it was not 
of the vaulting kind "which o'erleaps itself and 
falls on the other side." It was not a brilliant 
flash which dazzles for a moment and then is 
sv/allowed up in darkness ; but it was a steady, 
clear and cheering light, shining with uniform 
and continual lustre. He feels a natural pride in 
winning cases, but he feels a greater pride in 
mastering them. The study of an intricate case 
is not a labor to him; it is a genuine pleasure. 
As a practitioner he was always manly, honest 
and frank. Never upon any inducement or under 
any provocation would he resort to trickery or 
"sharp practice." He was always steady, unflinch- 
ing and persistent in what he believed to be rieht : 
at the same time he has always borne himself 
with the utmost courtesy and fairness to the court 



and to the opposing counsel. His mind is so 
calm and clear, his logic so forcible, his presenta- 
tion of the case so earnest and honest, that he has 
the admiration and confidence of judges, lawyers 
and jurors. One who obtains his legal opinion 
can rest assured that it is the result of the appli- 
cation of a clear, pure mind to the principles 
involved, after an exhaustive study of te.\t books 
and decisions. His thorough knowledge of the 
science of the law, his absolute impartiality, his 
keen perception and zealous love of justice, his 
incorruptible integrity, his patient temperament 
and courteous manner, make the rare combination 
of qualities that go to make up the model judge. 

To words like these what could be added ? 
Would that the bar of Pittsburgh, in the 
years to come, might be able to boast of 
many members of the type of Thomas C. 
Lazear ! 



STACKPOLE, Edward James, 

Jonrnalist. 

Edward James Stackpole, editor and chief 
owner of the Harrisburg "Telegraph," and 
president of the Telegraph Printing Com- 
pany, has held for a quarter of a century 
a leading position among the journalists of 
his State, and has been prominently identi- 
fied with the most vital interests of his 
home city. 

Edward Henry Harrison Stackpole, 
father of Edward James Stackpole, of 
Harrisburg, successfully conducted for a 
number of years a general blacksmithing 
business and an establishment for the manu- 
facture of wagons and sleighs. In 1876 he 
served as representative of Mifflin county 
in the State Legislature, and in his early 
manhood was a soldier in the Union army 
during the Civil War. At the time of his 
death, in 1890, he held the position of super- 
intendent of public grounds and buildings 
at Harrisburg. Mr. Stackpole married 
Margaret Jane Glasgow, and eleven chil- 
dren were born to them, among whom was 
Edward James, mentioned below. 

Edward James, son of Edward Henry 
Harrison and Margaret Jane (Glasgow) 
Stackpole, was born January 18, 1861, at 

955 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McVeytown, Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, 
and received his education in the pubhc 
schools of his native place. During his 
school days he learned type-setting in the 
office of the "McVeytown Journal," which 
he subsequently entered as a general printer, 
and where he continued to be employed 
until 1881. He not only looked after the 
mechanical work of the "Journal," but did 
most of the writing for that newspaper, 
attracting the attention of the newspaper 
publishers of the Juniata Valley. About 
1880 he was notified of an opening in the 
car record office of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company at Altoona, and was also 
tendered the position of city editor of the 
"Altoona Tribune." He declined both posi- 
tions and later was invited to become a 
partner of B. F. Ripple in the publication 
of the "Orbissonia (Huntington county, 
Pennsylvania) Dispatch." This paper he 
conaucted until the autumn of 1883, when 
he accepted a position as assistant foreman 
and exchange editor of the "Harrisburg 
Telegraph." He continued this relation for 
a year or two and was then promoted to the 
important position of city editor. In addi- 
tion he became the Harrisburg representa- 
tive of a large number of metropolitan news- 
papers, including the "New York Sun," the 
"Philadelphia Inquirer," the "Pittsburgh 
Dispatch," the "Chicago Inter-Ocean," the 
"Washington Post," the "Philadelphia Pub- 
lic Ledger," and other newspapers, including 
the "Iron Age" and the "New York Com- 
mercial Advertiser." In 1898 he resigned 
his position as city editor of the "Tele- 
graph" in order to give attention to his im- 
portant outside newspaper interests, but, on 
the death of M. W. McAlarney, the con- 
trolling owner and editor of the "Tele- 
graph," he purchased, in 1901, the Mc- 
Alarney interest, and subsequently became 
chief owner. Under his management and 
direction the "Telegraph" soon became one 
of the most influential of Pennsylvania 
newspapers, taking the lead in all move- 
ments for the betterment of Harrisburg. 



It was the "Telegraph" which led the cam- 
paign for the Greater Harrisburg in 1901, 
and no similar campaign since has been 
without the "Telegraph's" support. 

Mr. Stackpole has also been identified 
with local enterprises, and has always been 
active in municipal affairs, having served 
as president of the Board of Trade and in 
other public capacities. As president of the 
Telegraph Printing Company he has caused 
the plant to become one of the most impor- 
tant general printing houses in the State. 
He is a director of the Harrisburg Trust 
Company. 

Politically Mr. Stackpole has always been 
an active Republican, having presided over 
party conventions in his city, and being now 
identified with a number of prominent polit- 
ical organizations. He was commander of 
the famous Harrison Invincibles, organized 
for the promotion of the candidacy of Ben- 
jamin Harrison for the Presidency. Febru- 
ary 22, 1901, Mr. Stackpole was appointed 
postmaster by President McKinley, and in 
1905 and 1909 was reappointed by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt. He brought to the adminis- 
tration of the office the same energy and 
public spirit that have characterized all his 
public activities, and no city has ever been 
given more satisfactory postal facilities. 
He was one of the organizers of the Penn- 
sylvania Association of Postmasters, and 
presided over the first convention held in 
Harrisburg. He has also taken a promi- 
nent part in the various State and National 
conventions of postmasters which were held 
during his tenure of office. He was a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania commission to the 
South Carolina Exposition at Charleston, 
and represented the Harrisburg Board of 
Trade in tKe famous tour of Europe which 
took place in the summer of 191 1 under the 
management of the Boston Chamber of 
Commerce, many city experts being of the 
party. 

Not only has Mr. Stackpole's public spirit 
manifested itself in the ways already men- 
tioned, but he has done his part in the main- 

956 




<L.^lleMin€leH i^dHa^u ^/i<iit^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tenance of the militia, having served three 
years in Company D, Eighth Regiment 
National Guard of Pennsylvania, under 
Captain Thomas F. Maloney. He affiliates 
with Robert Burns Lodge, No. 464, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Harrisburg Con- 
sistory, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite ; 
and Zembo Temple, Ancient and Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; also 
Harrisburg Lodge, No. 12, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He is president 
of the Colonial Country Club, and belongs 
to the Harrisburg Club and a number of 
other social organizations. He and his fam- 
ily are members of the Covenant Presby- 
terian Church, in which he has served as 
elder, and he is now a member of the ses- 
sion of that congregation. 

A'Tr. Stackpole married, October 10, 1S89, 
at Harrisburg, M. Kate, daughter of Albert 
and Catherine Eliza (Plitt) Hummel. Mr. 
Hummel, who is deceased, was for many 
years a prominent shoe merchant of Harris- 
burg. Mr. and Mrs. Stackpole are the par- 
ents of the following children : Catherine 
Hummel, born August 11, 1890; Margaret, 
July 4, 1892; Edward James Jr., June 21, 
1894; and Albert Hummel, June 28, 1897. 



SHARPE, Alexander Brady, 

Soldier, Lavryer. 

The late Colonel Alexander Brady Sharpe, 
for many years a citizen of Carlisle, and a 
leader of the Cumberland county bar, was 
a representative of one of the oldest fam- 
ilies of Southern Pennsylvania, many mem- 
bers of which were conspicuous in colonial 
and Revolutionary annals. 

Thomas Sharp (as the name was origin- 
ally spelled), great-grandfather of Alex- 
ander Brady Sharpe, was a covenanter, who, 
because of his religious faith, was driven 
from his native Scotland and took refuge 
in the province of Ulster, Ireland, living 
near Belfast, county Antrim, until his emi- 
gration to the American colonies. He set- 
tled in Newton township, Cumberland 



county, Pennsylvania, and two large tracts 
of land are recorded as having been taken 
up by Thomas Sharp in May, 1746. He 
married, in Scotland, Margaret Elder, the 
daughter of a laird, and of the same re- 
ligious faith as himself, and the following 
children were born to them: Robert; Alex- 
ander, mentioned below; Andrew, John, 
James, Mary, Agnes, Martha, and another 
daughter whose name is not recorded. All 
the sons were commissioned officers in the 
Indian or Revolutionary wars, with the ex- 
ception of Alexander, who served as a pri- 
vate. All the family owned land in Cum- 
berland county with the exception of An- 
drew, who was killed by Indians at what is 
now Sharpsburg, which was named in his 
honor. 

Alexander, son of Thomas and Margaret 
(Elder) Sharp, became the largest land- 
owner in Newton township, and nearly the 
whole of his estate, though divided, is still 
in the possession of his descendants. He 
was also the owner of a tannery, distillery 
and mills. He was twice married, his first 
wife being Margaret McDowell, who bore 
him the following children: Andrew, Alex- 
ander, William M. ; John, mentioned below ; 
Thomas, mentioned as "colonel" ; Elder, 
who died unmarried, at the age of nine- 
teen; and Eleanor, who became the wife of 
Samuel McCune. Alexander, the second 
of these sons, was pastor of the church at 
Newville from 1824 until his death, which 
occurred in January, 1857. He married 
Elizabeth Bryson, and one of their sons. 
Dr. Alexander R. Sharpe, married Nellie 
Dent, a sister of the wife of General Grant. 

John, son of Alexander and Margaret 
(McDowell) Sharpe, was known as "John 
Sharpe of the Barrens." He married Jane, 
granddaughter of James and Abigail Mc- 
Cune, of Newton township, and daughter 
of the respected Samuel and Hannah 
(Brady) McCune. The latter was a daugh- 
ter of Hugh Brady (2). son of Hugh Brady 
(i), who came from Enniskillcn, Ireland, 
and was one of the first settlers in what is 



957 



ENC'/CLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



now Hopewell township, Cumberland 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Sharpe were the 
parents of a son, Alexander (2) Brady, 
mentioned below. 

Colonel Alexander (2) Brady Sharpe, 
son of John and Jane (McCune) Sharpe, 
was born August 12, 1827, in Newton town- 
ship, and in 1839 began to prepare foi col- 
lege under Joseph Casey, father of General 
Joseph Casey. After the death of this pre- 
ceptor, Mr. Sharpe went to Academia, 
Juniata county, and completed his studies 
under the direction of Vanleer Davis, at 
Chambersburg. In 1843 ^^ entered Jeffer- 
son College as a sophomore, graduating with 
the highest honors of his class, September 
23, 1846. He immediately began reading 
law with Robert M. Bard, Esq., of Cham- 
bersburg, completing his legal studies under 
Hon. Frederick Watts, of Carlisle. On No- 
vember 21, 1848, he was admitted to prac- 
tice, and remained with his last preceptor. 
Judge Watts, until the following April, 
when he opened an office in Carlisle, and 
entered upon a career of independent prac- 
tice which continued until the close of his 
life, interrupted only by his period of mili- 
tary service. 

On April 21, 1861, Mr. Sharpe enlisted 
in the Union army, becoming a private in 
Company A, Seventh Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Reserve Volunteer Corps, which was 
attached to the Second Brigade, McCall's 
Division. He served in the ranks until Sep- 
tember 25, when he was commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenant of Company E, same regi- 
ment, and appointed adjutant. On Decem- 
ber 4 he was relieved from duty with his 
regiment and ordered to report to Brigadier- 
General Ord, commanding the Third Bri- 
gade, who had appointed him aide-de-camp. 
He joined General Ord the same day and 
served on his personal staff until the Gen- 
eral was wounded and temporarily disabled 
for field service, when he resigned. After 
General Ord's recovery, Lieutenant Sharpe 
was at his instance again commissioned cap- 
tain and assigned to duty with him, serving 



until his resignation on January 28, 1865. 
With the exception of the period from De- 
cember 27, 1862, to August 28, 1863, he was 
in constant service, being on field duty with 
the armies of the Potomac, Rappahannock, 
Tennessee, West Virginia, the Army of the 
Gulf and the Army of the James. He 
actively participated in the battles of 
Drainesville, December 20, 1861 ; luka, Sep- 
tember 18-20, 1862; Big Hatchie, October 
5, 1862; Burnside's mine explosion, July 30, 
1864; Newmarket Heights and the capture 
of Fort Harrison, September 9-10, 1864. 
He was brevetted and promoted to the rank 
of captain and aide-de-camp. United States 
Army, for gallant and meritorious conduct 
at the battle of Drainesville, and on March 
13, 1865, on the recommendation of Gen- 
erals Ord, Meade and Grant, received the 
brevet ranks of major, lieutenant-colonel 
and colonel. United States Volunteers, for 
gallant conduct at Petersburg and in the 
various operations before Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. 

In politics. Colonel Sharpe was a staunch 
Republican, joining the party at the time 
of its organization, but never held office or 
was a candidate for official honors of any 
kind. He was connected with Captain Col- 
well Post, No. 201, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and with the Loyal Legion, and was 
a member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Carlisle, thus maintaining the 
religious traditions of his ancestors. 

Colonel Sharpe married, December 19, 
1854, Katherine Mears, daughter of Major 
George and Mary E. D. (Biddle) Blaney. 
Major Blaney belonged to the Engineer 
Corps, United States Army, and built Fort 
Fisher, Fort Caswell, and other defenses 
for the government; he was a graduate of 
West Point (Engineer Corps), and a class- 
mate of General Robert E. Lee. 

The death of Colonel Sharpe, which oc- 
curred December 25, 1891, at his home in 
Carlisle, was lamented by all classes of the 
community as the removal of one who had 
ever labored for the promotion of the best 



958 





y/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



interests of his home city, and who, during 
the long period of his residence, had stood 
before her as the type of an able lawyer and 
a gallant soldier. 



STUART, Walter, 

Financier. 

Walter Stuart, vice-president of the 
Farmers' Trust Company of Carlisle, Penn- 
sylvania, is a descendant of that sturdy 
Scotch-Irish stock which has constituted 
such a potent factor in the history and de- 
velopment of the Cumberland Valley. 

Samuel Stuart, great-grandfather of Wal- 
ter Stuart, of Carlisle, came from the North 
of Ireland to the province of Pennsylvania 
shortly before the outbreak of the Revolu- 
tionary War, and settled in Cumberland 
county. His object in emigrating was to 
seek for his brother Walter, who had set- 
tled in what is now Dickinson township and 
the discontinuance of whose letters home 
had alarmed the family. Samuel Stuart, on 
finding that his brother had died without 
leaving data sufficient to give his heirs title 
to the land which he had preempted, re- 
mained in this country, settling near the 
place where Walter had made his home. 
There he lived for five or six years, acquir- 
ing a considerable tract of land. In Sep- 
tember, 1778, he purchased a house and lot 
on South Hanover street, Carlisle, and on 
removing to it became the proprietor of a 
hotel. In 1780 the destruction of his prop- 
erty by fire compelled him to move to the 
opposite side of the street, where he tem- 
porarily continued his business. At one 
time he had as guests some of the Hessians 
who were held at Carlisle as prisoners of 
war. In May, 1791, he purchased a farm in 
what is now Dickinson township, and made 
it his home during the remainder of his life. 
He married Margaret Carson, and their chil- 
dren were : James, Mary, Margaret, Ann, 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Walter, and 
Martha. Samuel Stuart died September 
II, 1828, aged eighty-three years. 



Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and Mar- 
garet (Carson) Stuart, grew to manhood 
on his father's farm, receiving his education 
in the country schools. He made agricul- 
ture his life work, and was for many years 
a member of the Dickinson Presbyterian 
Church. He married Nancy, daughter of 
William and Jane (Ramsey) Donaldson, 
and granddaughter of Andrew Donaldson. 
William Donaldson was one of the early 
settlers of Cumberland county, and during 
the Revolutionary War a captain in the Sec- 
ond Battalion of the Pennsylvania Militia 
that was called in August, 1780, serving 
under Washington, in the vicinity of New 
York. The following children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Stuart: Samuel, mentioned 
below ; Walter, and Jane Eliza. Mr. Stuart 
died January 31, 1S74, at the age of eighty- 
five. 

Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) and 
Nancy (Donaldson) Stuart, grew up on the 
homestead, attending the schools of the 
neighborhood. Like his father and grand- 
father, he was a farmer, and an energetic 
and progressive citizen, respected by the 
entire community. As a young man he be- 
came a captain in the militia, and so appro- 
priate to his personality did the title appear, 
that it ever afterward clung to him. In his 
latter years he was universally known as 
Captain Samuel Stuart, and was so remem- 
bered for a long time after his death. He 
was a member of the Dickinson Presby- 
terian Church, and long one of its ruling 
elders. He married his cousin, Elizabeth 
Sprout, daughter of Robert and Jane (Hus- 
ton) Donaldson, and granddaughter of Wil- 
liam and Jane (Ramsey) Donaldson, and 
they were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : James Alexander, born November 9, 
1849, died August 26, i8^>2; Robert Donald- 
son, born July 10, 1851, died March 12, 
i860; Samuel Carson, born January 12, 
1855, died February 9, i860; Walter, men- 
tioned below; Huston Kennedy, born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1859, died March 8, i860; and 
Elmer, born January 16, 1862, died Octo- 



959 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber 6, 1867. Captain Samuel Stuart, the 
father of the family, passed away May 2, 
1873, aged fifty-five. 

Walter Stuart, son of Samuel (3) and 
Elizabeth Sprout (Donaldson) Stuart, was 
born July 27, 1856, in Dickinson township, 
and in the spring of 1868 his parents moved 
to Carlisle, where he attended the public 
schools, graduating from the high school in 
1875. He then took a course at Eastman's 
Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 
graduating in 1876. In January, 1880, he 
was appointed to a clerkship in the Farmers' 
Bank of Carlisle, and has ever since been 
connected with that institution, filling every 
position from the one in which he began to 
that of cashier, to which he succeeded on 
the death of J. C. Hoffer, in 1889. In 1902, 
when the bank was absorbed by the Farm- 
ers' Trust Company, Mr. Stuart became a 
member of its board of directors and of its 
executive committee, and was also made 
secretary and treasurer of the company. In 
1910 he was elected vice-president. Though 
deeply absorbed in his responsibilities, Mr. 
Stuart finds time for public duties and other 
interests. He is identified with a number 
of corporated enterprises in Carlisle and 
Harrisburg, and was long a member of the 
Carlisle school board, taking an active part 
in all its affairs, and serving seven years 
as its president. In politics he is an Inde- 
pendent Republican. His fraternal affilia- 
tions are with the Masonic order, and St. 
Andrew's Society of Philadelphia. He is 
a member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Carlisle. 

Mr. Stuart married (first) December 21, 
1882, Barbara Ellen, born April 13, i860, 
in South Middleton, daughter of George 
Peter and Martha (Stuart) Searight, and 
a descendant of two of the oldest and most 
prominent families in South Middleton 
township. Mr. and Mrs. Stuart had the 
following children : George Searight, born 
October 23, 1883, died September 6, 1884; 
Samuel Donaldson, born December 30, 
1884; Walter Searight, born September 22, 



1886; and John Bruce, born April 10, 1888. 
Mrs. Stuart died February 19, 1900, and 
Mr. Stuart married (second) February 14, 
1907, Nellie, daughter of F. K. Ployer, 
cashier of the Second National Bank of 
Mechanicsburg. 

During the Revolutionary period, the 
name of Stuart was identified with Carlisle, 
and the connection, severed for three-quar- 
ters of a century, was renewed by the com- 
ing of Mr. Stuart's father to Carlisle. Mr. 
Stuart himself, by his long career as an able 
financier and by his public-spirited interest 
in municipal affairs, has maintained the tra- 
ditions of good citizenship which have ever 
been inseparable from the name he bears. 



HOLTZINGER, George W., 

Business Man, Public OfiEicial. 

George W. Holtzinger, former county 
commissioner, and prominent in the finan- 
cial and political circles of York county, is 
a representative of a family which has long 
been identified with that historic portion of 
the State. 

John Holtzinger, grandfather of George 
W. Holtzinger, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and a descendant of German ances- 
tors. He lived in the vicinity of Stony- 
brook, a short distance east of York, and 
there followed the calling of a shoemaker. 
He married Barbara Wolf, like himself, of 
German extraction, but born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and their children were: John, 
George, mentioned below ; Jacob, Daniel, 
Benjamin, Nancy, Catharine, Elizabeth, 
Susan, Mary. John Holtzinger, the father, 
died about 1844. 

George, son of John and Barbara (Wolf) 
Holtzinger, was born in York county, Penn- 
sylvania. He received his education in the 
subscription schools. He was instructed by 
his father in the shoemaker's trade, which 
he followed for a time, and also acquired a 
knowledge of lime burning, in which he 
engaged for about five years. He then 
turned his attention to agriculture, to which 



960 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he devoted his energies during the remain- 
der of his active years. He purchased the 
farm in Windsor township now owned by 
M. B. Spahr, and after a time sold this 
property and bought another farm in the 
same township now in the possession of 
M. P. Smith. On this land :\Ir. Holtzinger 
made his home during the remainder of his 
life. He was a member of the Winebren- 
nerian church. He married (first) Eliza- 
beth Heindal, and they became the parents 
of si.x daughters: Lydia, Catharine, Eliza- 
beth, Rebecca, Mary, Susan. Mrs. Hoh- 
zinger was a member of the Reformed 
church. After her death Mr. Holtzinger 
married (second) Susannah Stauffer, a 
native of York county, and their children 
were : George \V., mentioned below ; David 
S., John, Sarah, who died in infancy. Mr. 
Hohzinger died in November, 1866, leaving 
the record of an upright and respected citi- 
zen, and his widow, who was a member of 
the Mennonite church, passed away in 1879. 

George W., son of George and Susannah 
(Stauffer) Holtzinger, was born July 2, 
1847, in Windsor township, where he re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
and at a select school. At the age of nine- 
teen he received a certificate and for three 
years thereafter was engaged in teaching, 
learning, meanwhile, the carpenter's trade, 
which he followed during the summer 
months. His inclinations, however, led 
him to choose a mercantile career, and he 
established himself as a cigar manufacturer 
on the site now occupied by the village of 
Holtz, employing there, and at branch fact- 
ories, about forty workmen. From the out- 
set he was successful, a fact not to be won- 
dered at in view of the innate ability and 
strength of resolution which he brought to 
the enterprise. He continued the business 
until 1902, and during this period constantly 
enlarged the scope and variety of his inter- 
ests. 

About 1895 Mr. Holtzinger engaged in 
mercantile business at the old Sechrist stand 
in Holtz, conducting the store successfully 



for four years. Since abandoning the manu- 
facture of cigars he has devoted much of 
his attention to farming. He is the owner 
of the homestead, consisting of twenty- four 
acres, the Sechrist property of thirty-sioc 
acres and the Slenker farm of one hundred 
and thirty-six acres. As an agriculturist no 
less than as a business man Mr. Holtzinger 
has met with that large measure of success 
which seems invariably to attend his under- 
takings, success sometimes wrested from 
unfavorable conditions by a strength of pur- 
pose which refuses to admit failure. In 
connection with farming he deals in com- 
mercial fertilizers, and he also holds the 
position of secretary of the Western Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company of York county. 
Since the organization in 1882 of the 
Drovers' and Mechanics' National Bank of 
York, Mr. Holtzinger has been one of the 
directors. In all his enterprises he has dis- 
played a remarkable degree of self-reliance, 
never hesitating to venture when sure of 
his ground. He is singularly self-centered, 
seldom seeking advice, or accepting assist- 
ance, thus preserving his independence, and 
at the same time, by aiding others, winning 
them to his cause. 

In politics Mr. Holtzinger is a Repub- 
lican, and for many years has taken an 
active part in the affairs of the organiza- 
tion. During the Harrison administration, 
when a postoffice was established in Holtz, 
he served four years as postmaster, having 
the office in his store. In 1876 he was 
electC'l jury commissioner, an office which 
he held for three years, and in 1905 he was 
chosen one of the commissioners for York 
county. In January, 1906, he entered upon 
the discharge of his duties, duties for which 
his many years of successful business ex- 
perience had admirably fitted him, and 
which he fulfilled in a manner alike credit- 
able to himself and satisfactory to his con- 
stituents. His most notable service was 
bringing about the building of the new jail, 
a public benefit which he accomplished in 
spite of great opposition. 



961 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1908 Air. Holtzinger was reelected, and 
his second term witnessed the great event, 
thus far, of his entire political career. The 
facts, briefly stated, are the following: 
About fifteen years ago a steel bridge was 
erected by the county over Codorus creek, 
on College avenue, and should have cost 
about $20,000, but by the system then in 
vogue its acknowledged cost was about 
$50,000, while the actual direct and indirect 
expense is said to have been about $80,000. 
Notwithstanding this fact, the bridge was 
not a good one, and, through deterioration 
of the light steel work of which it con- 
sisted, was within ten years condemned as 
unsafe, after which it was closed to traffic 
for some four years. Great efforts were 
then made by interested parties to compel 
the county commissioners to reconstruct the 
bridge. For some years these efforts were 
successfully resisted, but finally an estimate 
was secured for removing and replacing the 
old bridge for the sum of $150,000, and it 
is said that the execution of the plans pro- 
posed would have cost the county over 
$200,000. At this juncture an engineer pre- 
sented to the commissioners a plan provid- 
ing for the utilization of the old bridge as a 
reenforcement for a concrete bridge. 
Strange to say, Mr. Holtzinger was the only 
member of that body to appreciate the value 
of the suggestion, and alone and unaided he 
fought for honesty and for the rights of 
those whom he represented, and he won. 
After a long and hard fight the plan 
was finally adopted, and the bridge was 
renewed at a cost of about $25,000, with an 
additional expenditure of $5,000 for filling 
approaches. All honor to George W. Holt- 
zinger, honest man and fearless champion 
of the people's rights! A signal feature of 
Mr. Holtzinger's triumph lay in the fact 
that many of those who once offered the 
most strenuous opposition and used the 
most intemperate language have since seen 
and acknowledged the wisdom of his course. 

In everything pertaining to the welfare 
and advancement of his home city Mr. 



Holtzinger takes an active interest, and no 
good work done in the name of charity or 
religion appeals to him in vain. A man of 
the most genial and companionable disposi- 
tion, he enjoys great personal popularity, 
and now that he has relinquished a portion 
of his active labors nothing gives him more 
satisfaction then the knowledge that his 
efforts in the public service have been ap- 
preciated by his fellow citizens. He and his 
family are members of the Lutheran church. 

Mr. Holtzinger married, in 1869, Anna 
E., daughter of John and Eliza Keller, rep- 
resentative farming people of Lower Wind- 
sor township, and of the fourteen children 
born to them the following reached matur- 
ity : Emma, married H. A. Kinard, and died 
in 1903, leaving three children — Carrie, 
Norman and Paul; John C, married Ellen 
Paules, and has three children — Carrie, 
Mabel and Charles D. ; Henry, married 
Annie Slenker, and has one child, Grace 
Irene; Moses C, married Mary E. Smith, 
and has two children — Thomas S. and 
Esther Irene; David W., married Cora 
Sechrist, and has two children — Stewart 
and Margaret; Mary M., married Irvin 
Paules, and has three children — Sterling, 
Orrie and Curvin ; Cora, married Robert T. 
Linchbaugh; Ivan; Elsie. Mrs. Holtzinger, 
a thoughtful clever woman of culture and 
character, takes life with a gentle serious- 
ness that endears her to those about her. 
The family residence is a social centre, both 
Mr. and Mrs. Holtzinger being extremely 
hospitable and delighting to entertain their 
many friends. 

Mr. Holtzinger has accomplished much. 
He is a self-made man of the broad-gauge, 
public-spirited type, one of the men who, 
in whatever community they are found, con- 
stitute the bone and sinew of the State and 
furnish to young men entering active life 
an example more eloquent than words. Mr. 
Holtzinger has stood before the world as a 
dauntless public official, strongly to contend 
for the rights of his fellow citizens. Would 
that York county had more like him ! 
962 




Mf/7^-^^<:^^'^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McKELVY. William H., 

Fhysioian and Surgeon, Public OfiBcial. 

Among those benefactors of mankind 
whose talents, in whatever direction they 
may be exercised, are used for the rehef 
and upHfting of humanity, there is no larger 
class than that formed by the votaries of 
the noble profession of medicine. Their 
close study, their unwearied research, their 
ceaseless activity, are all for the relief of 
suffering. Perhaps of no other class of men 
can it so truly be said that they "scorn de- 
lights and live laborious days." Among 
this class, prominent to Pittsburghers, was 
the late William H. McKelvy, one of the 
most noted physicians of the Keystone State. 

William H. McKelvy was born Septem- 
ber 21, 1843, near Wilkinsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, a son of James McKelvy. The father, 
who was but four and a half years old 
when in 1804 he came to this country with 
his parents from county Down, Ireland, 
was reared to agricultural pursuits. After 
his marriage he bought a tract of land near 
Wilkinsburg, where he was engaged in farm- 
ing till his demise at the advanced age of 
eighty-eight years. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Rosanna Swisshelm, was born in 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Swisshelm, an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary army. They became the parents of 
nine children, three of whom died in in- 
fancy. The others were: James M., who 
was circuit judge in the Seventh Judicial 
District of Minnesota from 1866 until 1883, 
and died at St. Cloud, Minnesota, in 1884; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Heagen, who died at Lamar, 
Missouri, where her husband, a Presby- 
terian minister, had charge of a church ; 
John S. ; Martha J., the wife of Harry B. 
Wintersmith, a manufacturer, Louisville, 
Kentucky ; Wilbur F., Pittsburgh ; and Wil- 
liam H. (see forward). 

William H. McKelvy laid a substantial 
foundation for his future education in the 
Wilkinsburg Academy, and the Allegheny 
College at Meadville, Pennsylvania. In 



1 866 he was graduated from the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons in New York 
City ; and in the following year he opened 
an office in Pittsburgh, where with the ex- 
ception of five years, when he was in part- 
nership with Dr. W. Snively, he practiced 
alone. He was a highly intellectual man, of 
quick perceptions and sharp discriminalion, 
and, possessing a thorough classical and 
medical education, in combination with his 
innate talents, he speedily won for himself 
a prominent place among the members of 
the medical fraternity. He loved science 
for science's sake, was a hard student, and 
enthusiastic in his efforts to cultivate and 
elevate the standard of the medical profes- 
sion. In January, 1868, he was elected phy- 
sician to the county jail, a position which 
he subsequently held for thirteen consecu- 
tive years. He was the president of the 
Grant Sub-district School Board for twenty- 
six years, a member of the Central Board 
of Education for twenty-two years, and its 
president for fourteen years. At all times 
Dr. McKelvy stood as an able exponent of 
the spirit of the age, in his efforts to ad- 
vance progress and improvement. Real- 
izing that he would not pass this way again, 
he made wise use of his opportunities and 
his wealth, conforming his life to a high 
standard, so that his entire record was in 
harmony with the history of an ancestry 
honorable and distinguished. He was a 
member of the Library Association, and one 
of the trustees of the Carnegie Library. He 
was also connected with the Allegheny 
County Medical Society, the Miscroscopical 
Society of Pittsburgh and the American 
Medical Association. In the Masonic fra- 
ternity he was a Knight Templar, and did 
much to promote the good of the order in 
the State. Politically he was affiliated with 
the Republican party, and was an ardent 
worker in its cause. A vigilant and atten- 
tive observer of men and measures. Dr. 
McKelvy's opinions were recognized as 
sound and his views broad, and his ideas 
therefore carried weight among those with 



963 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whom he discussed public problems. Those 
who met him socially had the highest ap- 
preciation for his sterling qualities of man- 
hood and a genial nature which recognized 
and appreciated the good in others. The 
ties of home and friendship were sacred to 
him, and he took a genuine delight in doing 
a service for those who were near and dear 
to him. 

Dr. McKelvy married, October 23, 1897, 
Miss Margaret Youngson, of Pittsburgh. 
By this marriage Dr. McKelvy gained the 
life companionship of a charming and con- 
genial woman. His wife is fitted by native 
refinement, a bright mind and thorough edu- 
cation, for the social position she occupies 
as one of the factors of Pittsburgh society. 
She is prominent in charitable and club life, 
being a member of the board of the Pitts- 
burgh Eye and Ear Hospital, of the Tues- 
day Music Club, and the Twentieth Cen- 
tury Club of Pittsburgh. 

The death of Dr. McKelvy, which oc- 
curred November 23, 1909, deprived the 
Iron City of one of its best citizens. De- 
voted in his family relations, sincere and 
true in his friendships, honorable and gen- 
erous in his profession, he had the affection 
and esteem of those who lived closest to 
him and were best fitted to judge of his 
quality. He was human in his sympathies, 
cherished no false or impossible ideals, lived 
level with the hearts of those with whom 
he was bound by ties of consanguinity and 
friendship, endearing himself to them and 
irradiating the widening circle of his influ- 
ence with the brightness of spirit that ex- 
pressed the pure gold of character. His 
public and private life was one rounded 
whole — two perfect parts of a symmetrical 
sphere. So completely were they joined 
that it would be difficult to say where the 
one ended and the other began. In public 
and in private he was actuated by one high 
motive, the welfare of all whom he served 
and of all with whom he served. With 
such a principle the mainspring of all his 
active career, with an optimistic outlook 



upon life, with faith in his friends and 
humanity, with a purpose to make the best 
of everything and see that good that is in 
all rather than the evil, with a helping hand 
and a word of cheer for all who needed to 
have their pathways made smoother. Dr. 
William H. McKelvy won a place that was 
all his own in the hearts of all who knew 
him. 



BRADLEY, John T., 

Mannfacturer, Retired. 

Now a retired citizen of Middletown, 
Pennsylvania, that district has seen the best 
of the activities of John T. Bradley's life, 
and the present plant of the National Tube 
Company owes much of its flourishing pros- 
perity to his ambitious endeavors in the 
concern of which it is an outgrowth. John 
T. Bradley is a native of England, and in 
that land received the technical and prac- 
tical training that he put to such excellent 
use and from which he received such boun- 
tiful returns in the land of his adoption. He 
is a son of George Bradley, a millwright and 
skilled mechanic, who was a department 
superintendent in the Wednesbury Bridge 
Tube Works, Wednesbury, South Stafford- 
shire, England. He was twice married, his 
first wife, Sabina May, bearing him two 
children, Theophilus, died in infancy, and 
John T., of whom further. Ten years after 
the death of his first wife Mr. Bradley mar- 
ried a second time, and by this marriage 
was the father of two children : George, de- 
ceased, a resident of Middletown, Penn- 
sylvania, and Julia, deceased. 

John T., son of George and Sabina (May) 
Bradley, was born in Bath, Somersetshire, 
England, August 18, 1834, and in his youth 
was a student in the school of the Church 
of England. He was fourteen years of age 
when his father obtained a position for him 
in the tube works of Felix Webb and Ed- 
ward Cudd, at Wednesbury Bridge, a line 
of manufacturing with which he has been 
identified throughout his entire life. He 
964 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was here given general instruction in all of 
the various branches of the business and at 
the end of three years resigned to accept a 
similar situation with John Russell & Com- 
pany, Walsall, South Staffordshire, Eng- 
land, subsequently rising to the position of 
engineer in charge of the plant, his father 
being his only superior in the works of the 
concern. He was here employed until 1870, 
in which year he immigrated to the United 
States, settling in Pittsburgh, where he at 
once entered the establishment of Evans, 
Clow, Dalzall & Company, proprietors of a 
tube works, as a millwright, remaining with 
this firm for three years. In 1873 'le went 
to McKeesport, Pennsylvania, later becom- 
ing general manager in the butt-weld depart- 
ment of the works owned by John Flagler, 
of New York, afterward being promoted to 
the managership of the entire butt-weld 
plant, his connection with that factory ceas- 
ing in 1880. In that year he accompanied 
George Matheson to Middletown, the old 
tube mill owned by Colonel James Young 
and at that time in use as a tobacco shed 
becoming their property. The old mill was 
renovated and remodelled, a new furnace 
built, and within a year a lap-weld mill for 
the manufacture of large pipe was laid out 
and in the course of operation. New fur- 
naces were added yearly, as the scope of 
the company's business relations was 
widened, and it became one of the largest 
in the country, being at the present time 
owned and operated by the National Tube 
Company. Throughout the years of its con- 
tinuance Mr. Bradley held the position of 
superintendent of the butt-weld department, 
his skillful management of the practical end 
of the concern being no small factor in the 
power and prestige it gained among com- 
petitors. Constantly in touch with his em- 
ployees and the heads of his departments, 
he noted the instances in which there ap- 
peared to be a waste of time, labor and ma- 
terial, and devised and invented several 
labor-saving schemes. He also introduced 
the use of the bell in making butt-weld pipe, 



a system universally utilized in his home 
land and which he had installed in the mill 
m which he was employed in McKeesport. 
His association with this plant endured until 
his resignation, which took elTect January 
I, 1906, since which time he has lived re- 
tired, at the present time (1914), having 
come through a vigorous and useful man- 
hood to the age of four-score years, each 
of which has made but a gentle mark and 
has strengthened, rather than impaired, the 
acuteness and power of his mental faculties. 
In the spiritual and religious life of Mr. 
Bradley is found ardent inspiration for his 
daily walk. The spirit of brotherhood has 
pervaded his whole relation with his fel- 
lows, and while he was superintendent of 
the tube company he held the personal 
friendship of many of the men employed 
under him, placing Bibles throughout the 
mill for perusal as they cared, conferring 
with and advising them upon matters of 
private life. For more than twenty years 
he has been a member of the session of the 
Middletown Presbyterian church, and for 
twelve years was teacher of a class in the 
Sunday school. 

Mr. Bradley married, at Walsall, Eng- 
land, in 1856, Leah, daughter of Joseph and 
Leah (Parsons) Rigby, her father a manu- 
facturer of coach a.xles. Her death occur- 
red November 23, 1893, and on December 
14, 1904, Mr. Bradley married Mary Eliz- 
abeth Murr, of Middletown, Pennsylvania. 
Children of the first marriage of Mr. Brad- 
ley: I. Julia, married John Henderson, a 
machinist of Lorraine, Ohio, and has chil- 
dren. 2. Leah Nora, married Peter Webb, 
of McKeesport, Penn.sylvania, and is the 
mother of children. 3. George, a machinist, 
married Josephine Hollis, and has children. 
4. Jolin J., married Ida Watts, and has chil- 
dren. He is foreman of the butt-weld de- 
partment of the National Tube Works of 
Lorraine, Ohio, the largest factory of its 
kind in the world. 5. Matilda, married 
William Bart, superintendent of the Lor- 
raine Tube Works, of Lorraine, Ohio. They 



965 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



have children. 6. Samuel, an employee of 
the Lorraine Tube Works, married Lillie 
Martin, and is the father of children. 7. 
Kate, deceased. 8. Hannah, married Frank 
Miller, of Bellsville, Pennsylvania. 9. Sarah, 
married Frank Ernest, of Steelton, Penn- 
sylvania. 10. Amelia, married Urban Hart- 
man, a merchant of Sunbury, Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Bradley's residence is at the corner 
of Wood and Main streets, his attractive 
and commodious home having been erected 
in 1889, on a lot purchased from Colonel 
James Young. 



SUTTON, William Henry, 

Educator, Lawyer, Financier. 

Although of New Jersey birth, Mr. Sut- 
ton has passed his entire professional life in 
and near Philadelphia. His father, a 
scholarly gentlemen, was connected with 
the Philadelphia Conference of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church for many years, later 
transferring to the Wilmington Lonference. 

William H. Sutton was born in Haddon- 
field. New Jersey, September 11, 1835, son 
of Rev. Henry and Ann (Craig) Sutton, 
his father an honored minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. After a course in 
the public schools he entered the prepara- 
tory department of Dickinson College, 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, entering the follow- 
ing year the freshman class. He continued 
at Dickinson until near the close of his 
sophomore year, when an epidemic of small- 
po.x closed the college. He then engaged 
in teaching the next two years, entering in 
September, 1855, the junior class of Wes- 
leyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 
whence he was graduated A. B., class of 
1857. After leaving the university he spent 
three years as instructor at the American 
Institute for the Deaf and Dumb, Hartford, 
Connecticut, pursuing during the same 
period legal studies under Hon. John 
Hooker, son-in-law of Rev. Lyman Beecher. 
He then entered Albany Law School, but 
being financially unable to complete the 



course, came to Philadelphia, completing 
his legal preparatory study under the pre- 
ceptorship of Hon. William M. Meredith, 
a former Secretary of the Treasury of the 
United States. 

In 1863 Mr. Sutton was admitted to the 
Philadelphia bar and at once began practice 
in that city. His practice extends to all the 
State and Federal courts of the district and 
is one of importance. He has developed 
unusual ability in the cases tried before a 
jury and is a particularly skillful cross- 
questioner. He has been connected with 
many notable cases and is considered one 
of the ablest lawyers practicing at the Phila- 
delphia bar. His reputation extends beyond 
the limits of his home city, and has also 
secured him a large jury practice in the 
counties of Delaware and Montgomery. 
The law has been to Mr. Sutton "a jealous 
mistress," and he has devoted his time 
almost exclusively to his profession, his out- 
side interests being largely confined to 
directorships in the banks and trust com- 
panies which he has assisted in organizing, 
viz. : The Merion Title and Trust Company 
of Ardmore, Pennsylvania, of which he has 
been a director since its incorporation ; and 
the West Philadelphia Title and Trust Com- 
pany. He also was one of the promoters 
of the Bryn Mawr National Bank. He has 
been active and influential in the councils 
of the Democratic party ; was elected in 
1876 auditor of Lower Merion township; 
in 1879 school director of the same town- 
ship; in 1882 State Senator from the Ninth 
Senatorial District of Philadelphia, serving 
with honor and distinction four years, and 
has since declined nominations for Congress, 
although accepting a nomination for judge 
of Montgomery county. 

During the Civil War, while residing in 
Springfield, Delaware county, he was in- 
strumental in raising a company of emer- 
gency guards, who were held in readiness 
to march to the front, but the battle of 
Gettysburg turned back the invaders from 
the South and the services of the company 
966 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were not called for. Mr. Sutton was made 
a Mason many years ago and has attained 
unusual distinction in that order. He is the 
oldest past master of George W. Bartram 
Lodge, No. 292, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; was one of the charter members of 
Montgomery Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, 
of Ardmore, was its first high priest and 
for thirty years has served as treasurer; is 
past eminent commander of Hutchinson 
Commandery, No. 32, Knights Templar, 
and has also served in every elective office 
in that body. He has taken a deep interest 
in civic associations, also scientific and edu- 
cational societies that have a specific aim 
and has contributed freely to their upbuiUl- 
ing by personal efifort. These include : The 
American Academy of Political and Social 
Science ; Children's Play Ground Associa- 
tion ; Public Education ; and the Pennsyl- 
vania Civil Service Association. His col- 
lege fraternity is Psi Upsilon ; his clubs ; 
The Merion Cricket, Philadelphia, Demo- 
cratic, and others. He and his family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
belonging to St. Luke's of Bryn Mawr, in 
which Mr. Sutton now serves as treasurer 
of the board of trustees. He has been an 
active church worker all his life and has 
served different churches as Sunday school 
superintendent, steward, trustee, president 
of boards of trustees and treasurer. 

Mr. Sutton married, June 25, 1872, at 
"Llanelew," Haverford, flower Merion 
township, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania, Hannah Anderson. The wedding 
ceremony was performed by the then senior 
bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Rev. Matthew Simpson, assisted by Rev. 
Horace Cleveland, D. D., and Rev. M. A. 
Day. 

Mrs. Sutton is the daughter of Isaac W. 
and Martha (Yocum) Anderson, and a 
great-great-granddaughter of Major Patrick 
Anderson, who bravely commanded a de- 
tachment of troops under General Anthony 
Wayne, during the Revolution. His son 
Isaac was a distinguished member of Con- 



gress. She is a granddaughter of Dr. 
James Anderson, a prominent physician and 
landowner at and near what is now Ard- 
more, Pennsylvania. Children of William 
Henry and Hannah Sutton: i. Howard 
Anderson, born 1873, a graduate of VVes- 
leyan University, class of 1895; "ow a 
practicing physician of Philadelphia. 2. 
William Henry, died in his third year. 3. 
Helen, wife of Newlin Evan Davis, a grad- 
uate of Wesleyan University ; now residing 
in Middletown, Connecticut. 4. Isaac Craw- 
ford, born March 10, 1887, a graduate of 
Wesleyan University and the law depart- 
ment of University of Pennsylvania; now 
associated with his father in legal practice; 
he married, November 12, 1912, Miss Ruth 
Clarke, of Lexington, Kentucky. 5. Grace, 
now connected, and rendering important 
service, with the Charity Organization of 
Philadelphia. 6. Corona, residing at home. 
7. Henry Craig, graduate of Cornell Univer- 
sity, C. E. and M. E., now practicing me- 
chanical engineering in Philadelphia. 8. 
Mildred, married, June, 191 1, Olin McCor- 
mick, a civil engineer, now residing at Perth 
.\mboy. New Jersey. 9. Joseph Aubrey, 
now a sophomore at Wesleyan University, 
Middletown, Connecticut. 

Mr. Sutton is highly regarded for his 
scholarly and legal attainments and has re- 
ceived from the National Temperance Uni- 
versity of Tennessee the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws, while in 1909 Dickinson 
College conferred D. C. L. 

As this brief outline of his career shows, 
he has been active in legal, church, fraternal, 
benevolent and philanthropic work, and is 
highly esteemed and honored by his brethren 
and associates. 



REWALT, Dr. John W., 

Pliarmacist, Prominent Citizen. 

The late Dr. John W. Rcwalt, of Middle- 
town, Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, was 
a man whose influence will be felt for good 
for many years to come in the business 



967 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



world as well as in numerous other direc- 
tions. He was a son of William and Eliza- 
beth (Eshenour)- Rewalt, of Middletown, 
was born in that town in January, 1848, and 
died there, July 29, 1909. Dr. Rewalt was 
educated in the district schools of his native 
town, and at the age of fourteen years be- 
came a clerk in a general store. After a 
short period of this service, he entered the 
drug store of Mr. Blensinger, remaining 
there two years and obtaining during this 
time a thorough practical knowledge of the 
drug business. Having been thus prepared, 
he became a student at the Philadelphia 
College of Pharmacy, and was graduated 
with honor from that institution. Soon 
after his graduation he entered into a part- 
nership with T. C. Laverty, in the drug busi- 
ness, this association continuing for a period 
of two and a half years, when the firm dis- 
solved. From that time Dr. Rewalt en- 
gaged and conducted a business alone until 
his death. Had Dr. Rewalt chosen to de- 
vote his abilities to financial matters, he 
would undoubtedly have made a success in 
that direction. He was one of the founders 
of the Citizens' National Bank of Middle- 
town, and president of this institution from 
its incorporation until the time of his death. 
As an evidence of the esteem in which Dr. 
Rewalt was held by his fellow citizens, it 
must be stated that at the time of the 
Middletown flood, he was made treasurer of 
the flood fund. He was Democratic in polit- 
ical opinion, and served many years as a 
member of the school board of the town. 
In matters connected with religion he was 
equally active and prominent. He was an 
elder in the Presbyterian church many years, 
and a large contributor to the building fund 
for the new edifice. As superintendent of 
the Sunday school he rendered efiiective 
service until his death. Dr. Rewalt married 
(first) Mary Eyster, of Chambersburg, 
Pennsylvania, and had three children ; he 
married (second) Mrs. Mary E. (Kendig) 
Fackler, of Middletown, and had : Dr. Rob- 
ert K. Rewalt, of Williamsport, Pennsyl- 



vania, who was graduated from the medical 
department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania; John K. Rewalt, a mechanical engi- 
neer, of Rochester, New York, was gradu- 
ated from Cornell University in the class of 
191 1, and married Norma Morse, of Ithaca, 
New York. The descent of Mrs. Mary E. 
(Kendig) (Fackler) Rewalt is as follows: 

(I) John Jacob Kendig, born about 1620- 
25, in Berne, Switzerland, married Jane 
Mylim and had five children. 

(II) Jacob, son of John Jacob and Jane 
(Mylim) Kendig, was born in 1650, died in 
1728, and was of Conestoga, Pennsylvania. 
He married Onela, daughter of Hans 
Moyer, and had one son. 

(III) Jacob, son of Jacob and Onela 
(Moyer) Kendig, was born in Conestoga, 
in 1675, and died, intestate, in 1735. He 
married Alice Wade, and had seven chil- 
dren. 

(IV) Henry, son of Jacob and Alice 
(Wade) Kendig, was born in 17 10, died in 
1756, and was of Strasburg, Pennsylvania. 
He married Marie Wolf and had five chil- 
dren. 

(V) Martin, son of Henry and Marie 
(Wolf) Kendig, was born June 3, 1750, 
and died at Waterloo, New York, March i, 
1826. He was of Sunbury, Pennsylvania, 
and married, at St. James' Church, Lancas- 
ter, Pennsylvania, Mary Brennerman, and 
had nine children. 

(VI) John, son of Martin and Mary 
(Brennerman) Kendig, was born in Sun- 
bury, October 4, 1770, and died in Middle- 
town, Pennsylvania, April 12, 1831. He 
married Elizabeth Hill, of Oley, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, born September 18, 
1770, died March 20, 1845. They had three 
children. 

(VII) Daniel, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Hill) Kendig, was born in Middletown, 
March 16, 1802, and died December 31, 
1876. He was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness many years, and also conducted a plan- 
ing mill in partnership with Mr. Crist. He 
was an ardent Republican and Abolitionist, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was appointed by President Lincoln as 
United States assessor of internal revenue. 
He was one of the elders of the Presby- 
terian church of Middletown, and, upon the 
erection of the church, he was a generous 
contributor of the time and means at his 
disposal. For more than twenty-five years 
he was superintendent of the Sabbath school 
of this church, and was active in every 
movement in social life as well, that had 
for its object the betterment of existing 
conditions. When his last moments came 
he could truthfully say, as he did to those 
gathered about him, "I have tried to leave 
you a good name," and those who knew him 
best fully realized that he had been more 
than successful. Mr. Kendig married 
(first) Susan Shelly, born March 21, 1807, 
died December 15, 1834, and had three chil- 
dren. He married (second) March 10, 
1836, Sarah Rutherford, born in Paxton 
Valley, May 23, 1813, died in Middletown, 
March 28, 1873, and they had eight chil- 
dren, of whom Mrs. John W. Rewalt was 
the sixth child. 



HARRIS, Robert H., 

Journalist, Public Official. 

Through two generations of the name 
Harris, the town of Tamaqua, Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, has owned a news- 
paper that in its growth from a weekly to 
a daily publication has ever presented to 
the citizens of the borough a "clean sheet," 
reliable in its report of current events, con- 
servative and truthful in editorial speech, 
and honorable in political fray, — "The 
Courier." This is the institution of that 
locality with which the name is indissolubly 
bound, and no monument could better speak 
its works than this journal, which has not 
only endured for more than forty years, 
but has steadily increased in prestige and 
circulation. 

The Harris family in the United States 
begins with John F., a native of Devonshire, 
England, born in 1823. He immigrated to 



the United States about 1859, coming 
directly to Pennsylvania and locating in 
Schuylkill county, near Mahanoy City, 
moving in 1874 to Frackville, in the same 
county, where his death occurred. In his 
native land he had been a rock miner and 
contractor, and in his new American home 
engaged in mining. He was a